Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: C, 1291-1309. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1901.
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Folio xc b.
A tron of four weys (wagis) and two cloves (clavis) for the Commonalty of the citizens of London for weighing in the City between neighbours of the City sealed on Tuesday next after the Feast of Apostles Peter and Paul [29 June], 35 Edward I. [A.D. 1307], in the presence of Sir John le Blund, the Mayor, John de Wengrave, William de Leyre, and Simon de Paris, Aldermen, and Richard Poterel, the Chamberlain, and the rest of the citizens, being woolmen, &c. And it is delivered to Wymond Brother, elected weigher as aforesaid by the woolmen of the City, and he is sworn to do justice in weighing to all and singular, &c., until they shall have provided another weigher, &c.
Letters patent under the common seal of the City notifying that whereas the King had assigned to William Trente his Butler the sum of 1,000 marks out of the sum of £2,000 which the City had recently granted to the King by way of an aid on the knighting of his eldest son, the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty bound themselves to pay the said 1,000 marks to the said William on the morrow of [All] Souls [2 Nov.] next ensuing. Dated London, Sunday before the Feast of St. Margaret [20 July], 35 Edward I. [A.D. 1307].
Tuesday before the Feast of St. Margaret [20 July], 35 Edward I. [A.D. 1307], it was ordained by Sir John le Blound, Mayor, John de Wengrave, Thomas Romeyn, Walter de Finchingfeld, William de Leyre, Nicholas de Farndone, Richer de Refham, Henry de Gloucestre, John de Gysorz, Hugh Pourte, William Cosyn, Thomas Sely, Richard de Wilehale, Richard de Gloucestre, and Henry de Durham, and the rest of the Aldermen assembled for consultation, that each Alderman should have three horses for keeping the peace of the City, and that vigil be kept every night by the Aldermen and men of the Wards on horseback, viz. : -
Likewise, also, by the aforesaid Aldermen and Nicholas Pycot, Simon de Paris, Salamon le Cotiller, Simon Bolet, and the rest of the Aldermen, and also six good men gathered together from each Ward on Wednesday next before the Feast of St. Margaret next ensuing ...... [blank].
Walter de Gloucestre, escheator of the lord the King this side the Trent, to the Sheriffs of London, notifying them that he had received the King's orders, dated at Langele, 20 Aug., 3 Edward II. [A.D. 1309], to take all lands and tenements held by John de Gildeford of the King in capite in the City of London, inasmuch as the said John was a bastard, and had died without an heir; and bidding them summon twelve good and lawful men of the venue (de visneto) to appear before him at the Church of St. Thomas de Acon on Tuesday the morrow of St. Faith [6 Oct.] to inquire on oath as to what lands and tenements in the City were held by the deceased of the King in capite. They are further enjoined to summon six men from each Ward to meet the escheator at the aforesaid church to inquire into other supposed escheats wrongfully withheld from the King. Dated Westminster, 4 Oct., 3 Edward II. [A.D. 1309].
Monday in the octave of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 3 Edward II. [A.D. 1309], it was ordained by Nicholas de Farndone, the Mayor, John de Wengrave, John de Wyndesore, William de Leyre, Richard de Gloucestre, Nigel Drury, Simon de Parys, and Simon Bolet, Aldermen, that return should be made to the above writ to the effect that it had arrived so late, &c. Touching which return, the aforesaid Mayor and Aldermen agreed to save harmless James de St. Edmund and Roger le Paumer, the Sheriffs.
Monday in the octave of St. Michael [29 Sept], 3 Edward II. A.D. 1309], at the instance of Sirs Hugh le Despenser and John de Hastynge, the Small Balance was let by the Mayor and Aldermen to Edmund le Lorimer for £10 sterling, to be paid at the four chief terms of the year by equal portions, and he found sureties for the said money, viz., William Lefchild and Simon le Botoner, and he was sworn, &c. (fn. 5)
Terms of proclamation for keeping the peace at the King's coronation. (fn. 6)
[Folios. xci b blank.]
Writ of Privy Seal (fn. 7) by Edward [II.] to the Mayor for proclamation of the King's peace to be kept in the City according to the form enclosed. Dated at "Cardoil," (fn. 8) 23 July, 1 Edward II. [A.D. 1307].
Sunday before the Feast of Nativity B. M. [8 Sept.], 1 Edward II. [A.D. 1307], public proclamation was made throughout the City that all who had pledges in the Chamber of the Guildhall and in the hands of collectors of the several Wards, as well for the twentieth granted anno 34 Edward [I.] as for all arrears or debts whatsoever, should redeem them within the next fifteen days, otherwise it was adjudged by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Sheriffs that they should then be sold, &c.
Writ appointing Thomas de Cobeham, William de Colneye Master John de Caen, and William de Dene, Justices (the last three in place of Simon de Montacute, John de Crumwelle, and Henry Spigernel, originally appointed), to inquire into and punish cases of forestalling since the sixteenth year of the late King. Dated Westminster, 28 Aug., 3 Edward II. [A.D. 1309].
Folio xcii b.
Wednesday after the Feast of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 1 Edward II. [A.D. 1307], proclamation made by order of Sir Peter de Gavestone, Earl of Cornwall, and Sir Walter Reynaud, (fn. 9) the King's Treasurer, for those who had cause of complaint against Walter de Langtone, (fn. 10) Bishop of Chester, Treasurer of the late King, to put their plaint in writing, and justice should be done. (fn. 11)
Edward, by the grace of God King of England, Lord of Ireland, and Duke of Aquitaine, to the Sheriffs of London greeting. Whereas upon certain business in this recent accession to the government of our kingdom, as well to wit upon the interment of the body of Sir Edward of famous memory, late King of England, our progenitor, whose soul may God assoil, as upon the solemnization of our marriage and coronation to be celebrated by God's favour and upon other important business affecting the state of our realm, we are desirous of holding a special colloquy and consultation with the prelates and magnates of the said realm; we command and straitly enjoin that you cause to be chosen two of the more discreet and laborious citizens of our City aforesaid without delay, and cause them to come to us at Norhampton in the quinzaine of St. Michael next ensuing. So that the said citizens may have full and sufficient power then and there on behalf of themselves and the commons of the said City to do in the premises what shall then by common consent be ordained. So that in default of such power the aforesaid business may not in any way remain abortive. And you shall have there the names of the said citizens and this writ. Witness myself at "Comenok'," the 26th day of August, the first year of our reign [A.D. 1307].
Notification by the Mayor, Aldermen, Sheriffs, and Commonalty of the City to the King of the election of William de Coumbemartyn and Henry de Durham to attend the Parliament at Norhampton. Dated London, 9 Oct, 1 Edward II. [A.D. 1307].
Saturday after the Feast of St. Thomas, Ap. [21 Dec.], the year aforesaid, Richard Horn, John Saleman, Thomas de Fulham, Henry Sterre, Andrew Horn, (fn. 13) Stephen Horn, Walter de Hakeneye, and Adam de Ely, fishmongers, sworn to make scrutiny of all paniers of fish which do not hold a bushel of corn according to ancient custom and statute, &c., inasmuch as grave complaint had been made thereof by the Justices and Ministers of the King and others of the people by reason of the loss that accrued to the King and people, &c. And the same day they took from John Flinthard four paniers of merling' (fn. 14) of the value of 7s., from Godefrey Oliver one panier of haddok' of the value of 2s. 6d.; from Richard Horn two paniers of merling' of the value of 4s. 6d.; from Andrew Horn one panier of merling' of the value of 21d. And the fish was delivered to the said John, Godefrey, Richard, and Andrew at the price aforesaid by mutual mainprise until, &c. And they produced the aforesaid paniers in the Guildhall before the Mayor and Aldermen, and being there examined they were found too small. Therefore it was adjudged that they should be burnt with fire in the Chepe of London, &c.
Friday after the Feast of the Purification B. M. [2 Feb.], 1 Edward II. [A.D. 1307-8], came Adam de Blakesale, "hakeneyman," before Sir John le Blound, the Mayor, John de Wengrave, Richer de Refham, William de Combemartyn, William de Leyre, William Cosyn, Henry de Durham, Nicholas de Farndone, [and] Simon Bolet, Aldermen, and acknowledged himself bound to Nicholas Pycot, the Sheriff, in three casks of wine for trespass and rescue of three hackneys; to be delivered in manner prescribed. (fn. 16) Sureties, viz., Robert, son of Robert le Treyere, Walter le Taillour de Fencherche, Ralph de "Wymbihs," potter, and Walter atte Calle.
Proclamation for keeping the peace at the King's coronation, proclaimed on Sunday after the Feast of St. Valentine [14 Feb], 1 Edward II. [A.D. 1307-8]. (fn. 17)
Delivery to citizens of hostels which had been appropriated by the King's Marshals for his coronation on Sunday the Feast of St. Matthias, Apostle [24 Feb.], A.D. 1307-. (fn. 18)
Folio xciii b.
It was provided and ordained by Sir John le Blound, the Mayor, Aldermen, and Sheriffs, on Thursday before the Feast of St. Gregory the Pope [12 March], 1 Edward II. [A.D. 1307-8], that the gates of the City should be guarded by the Wards underwritten, viz. :-
|The gate of Alegate and postern by||The Ward of Alegate, four men-at-arms.|
|The Ward of Tower, eight men-at-arms.|
|The Ward of Langebourne, eight men-at-arms.|
|The Ward of Lymstre[te], four men-at-arms.|
|The gate of Bisshopesgate by||The Ward of Bisshopesgate, four men-at-arms.|
|The Ward of Colemanstrete, four men-at-arms.|
|The Ward of Bradestrete and Lothebiry, (fn. 19) eight men.|
|The Ward of Walebrock, eight men-at-arms.|
|The gate of Crepelgate by||The Ward of Crepelgate, eight men-at-arms.|
|The Ward of Chepe, eight men-at-arms.|
|The Ward of Basseshawe, four men-at-arms.|
|The gate of Aldresgate by||The Ward of Aldresgate, four men-at-arms.|
|The Ward of Cordwanerstrete, eight men-at-arms.|
|The Ward of Bredstrete, eight men-at-arms.|
|The gate of Neugate by||The Ward of Neugate, six men-at-arms.|
|The Ward of Castle Baynard, six men-at-arms.|
|The Ward of Queenhithe, eight men-at-arms.|
|The Ward of Cornhulle, six men-at-arms.|
|The gate of Ludgate by||The Ward of Ludgate, six men-at-arms.|
|The Ward of Vintry, eight men-at-arms.|
|The Ward of Douegate, ten men-at-arms.|
|The gate of Bridge by||The Ward of Bridge, ten men-at-arms.|
|The Ward of Billingesgate, eight men-at-arms.|
|The Ward of Candelwykstrete, six men-at-arms.|
Precept to the Mayor of the City of London that he produce before the Steward and Marshal of the King's household, on Monday before the Feast of Annunciation B. M. [25 March], wheresoever, &c., the Sheriffs of London to answer to the lord the King for having attached certain men of Sir John de Banstede, clerk, for trespasses committed within the verge (infra virgam), and unjustly detained them in prison; and that they (the Sheriffs) cause their bodies in the meanwhile to be delivered to the Marshal of the lord the King for safe custody.
Return: The bodies of Alexander Tancard and Richard Tancard, attached by Nigel Drury, Sheriff of London, at the suit of Simon, the valet of Geoffrey de Cavendihs, for trespass contrary to the King's peace committed against him in the City aforesaid, have been delivered by mainprise to answer the aforesaid Simon for the trespass committed against him before the Sheriffs of London at the next court, according to the custom of the City. But the bodies of the said Alexander and Richard we cannot deliver to the custody of the King's Marshal, for that would be contrary to the liberty of the City aforesaid. Moreover, the said Simon was so wounded by the said Alexander and Richard that his life is despaired of.
Simon de Corp came before the Mayor and Aldermen on Saturday the Feast of SS. Peter and Paul [29 June], 1 Edward II. [A.D. 1308], and undertook that the goods of John de Guldeford to the value of £40 should remain in the houses of John de Guldeford ready for the City to distrain upon until he shall have satisfied the Commonalty of arrears of tallages due from him.
The King to the Sheriff of Middlesex greeting. Master William de Ewelle, Canon of the church of St. Paul, London, has complained to us that Symon de Paris, John de Dunstaple, Thomas Jovenel, and Richer de Refham unlawfully and without judgment disseised him of his free tenement in the parish of St. Giles without Crepelgate, London, after the first crossing the sea of the lord Henry the King our grandfather into Gascony. We therefore command you, if the aforesaid William guarantee you touching his present claim, to cause the said tenement to be reseised of the chattels taken therein, and to allow the tenement itself to be in peace until Monday in the quinzaine of St. John the Baptist next coming. In the meanwhile you shall cause twelve free and lawful men of the venue to view the tenement and the names of those in the writ, and shall summon them by good summons that they be prepared to make recognizance thereof before our Justices at Westminster; and you shall cause, by pledges and safe sureties, the said Symon, John, Thomas, and Richer, or their bailiffs if they themselves cannot be found, to be there present to hear the recognizance; and you shall have there the summons and names of the sureties and this writ. Witness ourself at Westminster, the 20th day of May, the first year of our reign [A.D. 1308].
Return: The free tenement which Master William de Ewelle put in his view (in visu suo) is not in my bailiwick, but is within the precinct of the liberty of the City of London, wherefore I cannot proceed to the execution of this writ. (fn. 20)
Folio xciv b.
The murage of the City of London arising out of foreign bread, poultry, cheese, timber, and in the vill of Stratford atte Bowe, was granted and delivered by Sir John le Blound, the Mayor, Aldermen, Sheriffs, and Chamberlain of the City aforesaid to Roger Priour and Roger le Lunge, poulterers and citizens of London, from Saturday next after the Feast of St. John ante portam Latinam [6 May], anno 1 Edward II. [A.D. 1308], until the end of one year next ensuing, for £14 13s. 4d. sterling, paying therefor to the aforesaid Mayor, Aldermen, Sheriffs, and Chamberlain, or their attorney each month of four weeks in that year 22s. 6d., and the last month of the said year 23s. 4d., by mainprise of John de Brompyerd, mercer, and Ralph Ratespray, merchant of animals (mercator animalium), who came and bound themselves, their heirs, and executors jointly and severally for payment of the money aforesaid in manner above signified, &c.
The murage of the City arising out of Candelwykestrete from the house of Fulk de St. Edmund as far as the postern, and out of the postern near the Tower, and from the hall of the Danes (fn. 21) as far as "la Yeynlade," (fn. 22) was similarly let to John de la Barre for one year from Saturday next after the Feast of St. Dunstan, Bp. [19 May], anno 1 Edward II. [A.D. 1308], at £10 sterling, paying each month of four weeks 15s. 4¾d. by mainprise of Nigel Drueri, then Sheriff, and Thomas de Kent, serjeant.
The murage of the City arising out of Smethefeld was similarly let to John de Littele for one year from Thursday the Feast of St. Ambrose, Bp. [4 April], 1 Edward II. [A.D. 1308], except for cheese and old cloth at Fair times, for £8 sterling; to be paid by quarterly instalments of 40s. by mainprise of Nicholas Dereman, butcher.
The murage of the City arising out of St. Laurencelane, Sopereslane, and Ismongereslane, and the Tanners' seld, (fn. 23) and the gates of Alegate, Bisshopesgate, Crepelgate, and Aldresgate was similarly let to Gocelyn le Serjaunt of London for one year from Saturday, 1 June, anno 1 Edward II. [A.D. 1308], for £36 13s. 4d.; to be paid, viz., each month of four weeks 56s. 5d., by mainprise of John Laurence and Peter le Taverner de Graschirche.
The murage of the City from the hall of the Danes as far as the New Temple, arising out of the Winchester seld (fn. 24) and Ludgate, was similarly let to Walter le Huthereve for one year from Saturday after the Feast of St. Dunstan [19 May], anno 1 Edward II. [A.D. 1308], for 16 marks, to be paid, viz., each month of four weeks 16s. 5d, by mainprise [names of mainpernors omitted].
The murage of the City arising out of corn upon the Pavement, (fn. 25) and out of the bridge of Holebourne, the Bar of Smethefeld, and Wollecherchehawe, was similarly let to Henry atte Waye for one year from the same day as above for 25 marks; to be paid by similar monthly instalments of 25s. 7½d., and the last month 25s. 10d., by mainprise of Richard Dask.
The murage of the City arising out of the Frippery (Pheliperia (fn. 26)) was similarly let to William atte Welde, "pheliper," for one year from 4 April, anno 1 Edward II. [A.D. 1308], for 13s. 4d.
Folio xcv b.
Writ to the Sheriff of Suthampton. Whereas William, son of William de Castle of Cauntebrige, our approver (probator), who is in your custody, appeals Clement le Settere, of London, of the death of John le Taverner and of a certain man unknown, and (also appeals) Godwyn le Hodere, of London, of the death of two men unknown, killed in London; and the accused are captured and detained in Winchester prison, as is reported, and ought not, according to their liberties in that city, to come to any inquests held outside the said city on any matters affecting the citizens thereof; and the said Clement and Godwyn cannot be delivered without jurors of the City of London according to law and custom;-we command you to cause the said Clement and Godwyn and their attachments to be brought without delay at their own expense under safe and secure conduct to Neugate, to be delivered to the keeper of our gaol there, to whom we have given orders to receive the said Clement and Godwyn from you and safeguard them in our gaol there until they be released according to the law and custom of our realm. Dated at Byflete, 10 Sept., 2 Edward II. [A.D. 1308].
Writ to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty of the City of London for the delivery to William Trente, the King's Butler, of the sum of 1,000 marks (being part of a sum of £2,000 recently granted to the King on the knighting of his eldest son (fn. 27)), receiving in exchange a tally for which allowance would be made in the King's Exchequer. Witness, W[alter de Langton], Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, the King's Treasurer, at Westminster, 6 July, 35 Edward I. [A.D. 1307].
Writ to the Sheriffs of London complaining of remissness in payment of the above sum of 1,000 marks to the King's Butler, so that the King's creditors for wine remained unpaid, and straitly enjoining them that they see that the money still owing be forthwith paid. Witness, J[ohn] de Sandale, locum tenens of the King's Treasurer at Westminster, 17 Oct., 2 Edward II. [A.D. 1308].
Letter obligatory of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty of the City of London to John Pyet, burgess and merchant of Ipre, (fn. 28) in the sum of £30 for cloth; to be paid at Easter next. Dated London, Thursday after the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov.], 2 Edward II. [A.D. 1308].
The above letter was sealed with the common seal in the presence of Nicholas de Farndone, Mayor, John de Wengrave, Thomas Romeyn, John de Wyndesore, Geoffrey de Conduit, and Simon de Paris, Aldermen, on Wednesday the Feast of St. Edmund, K. [20 Nov.], 2 Edward II. [A.D. 1308].
Simon de Canterbury, carpenter, came before the Mayor and Aldermen, on Saturday after the Feast of St. Martin, Bp. [11 Nov.], 2 Edward II. [A.D. 1308], and covenanted to make at his own expense down to the locks (usque seruras) for William de Hanigtone, skinner, before Easter next, a hall, with larder, solar, cellar, &c., in manner prescribed (fn. 29).
And the said William de Hanigtone acknowledged himself bound to the said Simon for the work in the sum of £9 5s. 4d., half a hundred eastern marten skins (cab'lorum (fn. 30)), a fur for a woman's hood of the value of 5s., and a fur for the said Simon's own robe.
Folio xcvi b.
The following Tuesday, Richard le Barbour, from opposite the Church of All Hallows the Less, elected and presented by the Barbers of London to the Mayor and Aldermen to supervise the craft of Barbers; and he was admitted and made oath that every month (fn. 31) he would make scrutiny throughout the whole of his craft, and if he found any among them keeping brothels or otherwise acting unseemly would distrain upon them, and cause the distress to be brought into the Chamber, &c.
Deed of conveyance of the house built by Philip de Douegate, near Bissh opesgate on the west side, to Reginald Wolleward, an attorney at the Guildhall, London, on Saturday, 8 March, 2 Edward II. [A.D. 1308-9], by Sirs Nicholas de Farndone, the Mayor, John de Wengrave, William de Leyre, Thomas Romeyn, John de Wyndesore, Henry de Durham, Simon de Paris, and the rest of the Aldermen [not named], and Richard Poterel, the Chamberlain.
Proclamation made on Sunday before the Feast of St. George the Martyr [23 April], 2 Edward II. [A.D. 1309], as to cleansing the streets of the City (fn. 33)
Writ to the Sheriffs of London for the election of two representatives of the City to attend a Parliament (colloquium) to meet at Westminster a month after Easter next Dated at Westminster. 4 March, 2 Edward II. [A.D. 1308-9]. (fn. 34)
Commission, under the common seal of the City, of Henry de Durham and William de Servat for the Parliament aforesaid, addressed to the King. Dated Monday after the Feast of St. Mark [25 April], 2 Edward II. [A.D. 1309].
The murage of the City of London arising in the said City out of Candelwykestrete from the house of Fulk de St. Edmund as far as the postern, and out of the postern near the Tower, and from the hall of the Danes as far as "la Yenlade," together with the pontage arising out of London Bridge as well upon the Bridge as under it, was granted and delivered by Nicholas de Farndone, the Mayor, the Aldermen, Sheriffs, and the Chamberlain of the City aforesaid, to John de la Barre for one year from Saturday after the Feast of St. Dunstan, Bp. [19 May], 2 Edward II. [A.D. 1309], for £20 sterling; to be paid by monthly instalments of 30s. 9½d. by mainprise of Robert Box, blader, and Adam Russhel.
The same murage and pontage let to Thomas Vernoun for one year from Michaelmas Day, 3 Edward II. [A.D. 1309], at 100 marks; to be paid by monthly instalments of 8 marks and 4s. 5½d. by mainprise of Ralph de Storteford and Robert de Boreham, "gauntiers," Robert Box [struck out], and Robert, son of Robert le Treyer. This agreement to be of no effect in the event of the King renewing the New Custom in the City, which was now in abeyance.