Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: C, 1291-1309. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1901.
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Writ to the Mayor, Bailiffs, and Echevins of Ghent, requesting the release from prison of William de Luthone, Robert Persone, Roger le Viroler, Richard de Wandesworthe, William le Fullere, Henry de Arderne, William de Kent, Hugh Pourthe, John Gombard, and Peter de Blakeneye, merchants of London, who had been arrested together with their merchandise as security for the payment of 730 marks due from the Mayor, Sheriffs, and Commonalty of the City to certain burgesses of Ghent, which money the King had, in pursuance of the terms of the peace recently made with the Count of Flanders, seized and caused to be distributed among such English merchants as had lost their goods in Flanders. Dated Kenyntone, 23 August, 30 Edward I. [A. D. 1302].
[Here follows a transcript of an account rendered by the citizens of London into the Exchequer for a fine of 20,000 marks and of allowances made thereon. Another and fuller transcript is entered on fos. cxlv-cxlvi (there is no folio numbered cxliv). An abstract of the two transcripts combined is given below. - Editor.]
To the Counts of Boulogne and St. Paul for expenses which the said counts incurred in the City of London in the time of King Henry, £383 8s. 5d., as is contained in Roll xix. in London And in the Wardrobe of the said King Henry of the fine aforesaid £673 6s. 8d., as is contained in the account of Nicholas de Leukenore, Keeper of the Wardrobe aforesaid, from Friday next after the Feast of St. Peter ad Vincula [1 Aug.], anno 49 Henry, until the 3rd day of March, anno 52 of the same King, in Roll lv. And in the same Wardrobe of King Henry of the aforesaid fine by the hands of Richard de Ewelle and Hugh de Turri, buyers for the Wardrobe of the said King, £545, as is therein contained.
Folio cxlii b.
And to Edward the present King, the eldest son of King Henry, in the fiftieth year of King Henry, before the said Edward became King, of the fine aforesaid 800 marks by writ of the now King, dated 8 Sept., anno 18, whereby the said King commands the Treasurer and Barons (after auditing the account of the citizens of London touching those 20,000 marks which they made fine to King Henry his father for trespass which they were said to have committed against the said King Henry at the time of the last war in the realm of England) to make due allowances in the Exchequer to the said citizens touching disbursements made on behalf of the said King Henry and the King that now is, and in the meantime to allow the citizens to have peace therein. To Alianora, late Queen of England, consort of King Henry aforesaid, for the expenses of herself and family in the fiftieth and fifty-first years of the said King, £700, by the same writ and three writs of King Henry and letters patent of the said Queen, testifying the receipt of the money. To John de Warren, Earl of Surrey, by gift of King Henry out of the fine aforesaid, the said fiftieth year, 200 marks by the said writ and the writ of King Henry aforesaid and the letters patent of the said Earl, testifying the receipt of the money. To William de Valence, brother of the said King Henry, for the said Edward, son of the said King, of the aforesaid fine in the fiftieth year, 400 marks by the said writ, &c. To Albert, Duke of Brummeswyk, cousin of the said King, for his expenses in the City of London in the same year, 1,000 marks by the said writ, &c. To the aforesaid Edward, now King, to whom the aforesaid King Henry his father gave 10,000 livres tournois to assist him in certain most urgent business the same year, being part of 30,000 livres tournois which the said King Henry provided out of the aforesaid fine of the citizens, and with their counsel, to be paid to Louis, King of the French - in part payment of the said 10,000 livres tournois, 400 marks, by the said writ and writ patent of the aforesaid Henry and two letters patent, under the seal of the said Edward which he used before he became King, testifying the receipt of the money. To Ralph Pacy and Ivo de Bretoun, citizens of Paris, in part payment of the aforesaid 10,000 livres tournois granted to the said Edward, 500 livres sterling, the said fiftieth year, by the said writ, &c. To Henry Campyun for barley purchased of him, £6 12s., in part payment of the 10,000 livies tournois aforesaid, by the said writ, &c. To the same Henry Campyun [and] Jordan Dygun, in part payment of the said 10,000 livres tournois for barley taken from them for the use of the said Edward, now King, in the fifty-first year of the said King Henry, £52 8s. 8d. by the said writ, &c. To Thomas de Ippegrave, Knt., in part payment of the said 10,000 livres tournois, the fifty-second year, 170 marks by the said writ, &c. To Hugh de Creky, Knight of the said Edward, for arrears of his fee in part payment of the aforesaid 10,000 livres, the said fifty-second year, £80 by the said writ and letters patent of the said Edward and letters patent of James de Hamello, attorney to the said Hugh, testifying, &c. To William de Hadestoke and Bartholomew de Castro, attorneys ad hoc of the said Edward, in part payment of the said 10,000 livres in the fifty-first year, 135 marks by the said writ, &c. To William de Monterville (Monte Revelli), valet of the said Edward, for money lent the said Edward by the said William in the fifty-second year, in part payment of the said 10,000 livres. £46 by the said writ, &c. To the said Edward, in part payment, &c., in the fifty-first year, £20, which the said Edward caused to be delivered to the Count of St. Paul by the same writ, &c. To Nicholas de Lyouns, burgess of Douay, for a debt due to the said burgess, in part payment, &c., in the fifty-second year, £442 by the said writ, &c. To William de Lyanne, Knight of the said Edward, for the fee of the said William, in part payment, &c., in the fifty-second year, £19 by the said writ and letters patent of the said Edward and of Reginald de Lyanne, attorney of the said William, testifying the delivery and receipt of the said money. To Walter de Capell (?), for wines taken for the use of the said Edward by the King in the fifty-second year, in part payment, &c., £12 13s. 4d. by the said writ, &c. To Agnes, wife of John Veyllard de Whitsand, in part payment of the value of £58 9s. 4d. parisis (fn. 1) in the fifty-second and fifty-fourth years, 12 marks by the said writ, in part payment of the said 10,000 livies tournois by letters patent of the said Edward and Baron de Pelan, attorney of the said Agnes, testifying, &c. To William "Lavener" of Cant[erbury?], for bread and wheat taken of him for the use of the Count of St. Paul in the fifty-second year, in part payment of the said 10,000 livres, £8 19s. 6d. by the said writ, &c. In the Wardrobe of the said Edward by the hands of Robert Burnel, in the fifty-second year, in part payment, &c., £100 by the said writ. To William de Wateford, fellow-citizen of the said city, for the laudable service done to the said Edward, by gift of the same Edward, in part payment, &c., 40s. by the said writ, &c. To John Walrand, to whom King Henry committed the custody of his Tower of London, for fortifying the said Tower in the fiftieth and fifty-first years of the aforesaid fine of 20,000 marks, of the 200 marks which the said King ordered the citizens to deliver to the said John for the aforesaid purpose, 186 marks by the said writ, &c.
Folio cxlv b.
[To Louis, late King of the French, for the 20,000 livres tournois which the said citizens, by purveyance (per provisionem) of the counsel of the aforesaid King Henry and of the citizens aforesaid, paid to the said Louis in the name of the aforesaid King Henry of the said fine, £5,000 sterling by the writ of the King that now is and by letters patent of the aforesaid King Henry making mention of the said provision and letters patent of the said Louis testifying the receipt of the said 20,000 livres tournois. To the same citizens for £532 5s. 8d., which Roger de Morteyn, Knt., received in parts of Flanders of the goods and chattels of the aforesaid citizens seized in Flanders, by reason of the disturbance then existing in England, in the name of the said King Henry and by his 'command after the said King had granted to the said citizens that they should recover their said goods and chattels as the now King calls to mind [and] as by letters patent directed by Margaret, late Countess of Flanders, to the said King Henry, which the present King has seen, is to him made manifest- £532 5s. 8d. by writ of the present King and the letters patent of the Countess aforesaid. And the said Edward, the now King, has released and pardoned the said citizens all arrears of the aforesaid 20,000 marks by writ dated 15 Nov., anno 30, stating that the King for the relief of the soul of the said King Henry his father, as well as for £1,000 which the citizens made fine to the King when in the presence of W[alter de Langetone], Bishop of Coventre and Lichfield, the King's Treasurer, had remitted and pardoned all arrears of the aforesaid 20,000 marks. And also £100 wherein they were amerced before Master William de March, late Treasurer, and the Barons of the Exchequer for contempt, by which writ also the King commanded the Treasurer and Barons to acquit the said citizens of the said 20,000 marks and also of the said £100, and they are quit. (fn. 2)]
Folio cxlii b.
To the most excellent Prince, &c., the Treasurer and Barons of his Exchequer, &c. Your serenity lately commanded us to audit the account of your citizens of London touching those 20,000 marks which they made fine with the late King Henry, your father, for trespass which they were said to have committed against him at the time of the war, and to make due allowances to the said citizens for deliveries, payments, and costs which they made by letters of your said father and yourself in your said Exchequer to be shown to us, and that other deliveries, payments, and costs which they likewise made by precept of your said father and yourself, not comprising allowances, should be placed in view of the said account, and be openly and distinctly made apparent to you under the seal of your Exchequer aforesaid. Wherefore may your revered highness know that at the quinzaine of St. Michael last past the aforesaid citizens came before us at your Exchequer aforesaid by their attorneys, and touching diverse deliveries and payments made in the time of your aforesaid father, we allowed the said citizens of the fine aforesaid, as well by letters of your said father as by your own, sealed with the seal you used before you undertook the government of the realm-£5,993 8s. 7d., and so there remains of the said fine £7,339 18s. 1d., of which there are placed in view £5,000 for 20,000 livres tournois, which equal in value £5,000 sterling, which sum the citizens of the said City, in the time of your aforesaid father, by purveyance (?) of his counsel and that of the said citizens, paid at Paris to Louis, King of the French, by letters of the same touching the receipt of the same, dated Paris, the quinzaine of Easter, A.D. 1266, and letters patent of your aforesaid father, dated the fiftieth year of his reign, which letters the aforesaid attorneys have not shown to us, whereby we have not made an allowance to them of the sum aforesaid, inasmuch as no mention is made in the said letters of your father of a precept of your said father for paying the said sum to the aforesaid King of the French, but touching the purveyance (?) aforesaid, however, the said letters of your father remain in the Exchequer, because by them the sum of 10,000 livres paid to you is now allowed to the said citizens besides the 20,000 livres aforesaid paid to the King of the French. And £120 which the said citizens delivered to Roger de Leyburne for expenses incurred on fortifying Rochester Castle in the forty-eighth year of the reign of your father by his writ patent. And 20 marks which they delivered to the said Roger for expenses incurred in the service of your father by another writ patent. And 1,030 marks which they delivered to William de Euerwyk and his fellow-merchants of Ghent by writ of your father. And £84 which they delivered to Eustace Bricoun by your letter patent, sealed with the seal you used before you became King. And £17 which they delivered to Gervase le Rous de Bruges, merchant, by another writ of the same seal. And £18 3s. 4d. which they delivered to John Waterkyn by a third writ of the same seal. Of these deliveries we have not made allowance to the said citizens, because their attorneys did not show us the letters of the aforesaid Roger, William, Eustace, Gervase, and John, or any of them, touching the receipt of the said sums or any of them. And £532 5s. 8d. which Roger de "Maritania" [Moreteyn], Knt., in the time of your father and by his mandate, received in parts of Flanders of the goods of London citizens after your father had granted the said citizens repossession of their goods and chattels which had been seized in those parts by reason of the disturbance then existing in the realm of England, as appears by letters patent of Margaret, then Countess of Flanders, directed to your aforesaid father thereon which the said attorneys have shown to us, and which we have not allowed because they have not shown us another writ of your father or of yourself thereon. And £209 6s. 8d. which the said citizens paid, as they say, in your father's time, to John Walraund for fortifying the Tower of London in full discharge of 500 marks by writ of your said father which was shown to us by the said attorneys, and which remains in your Exchequer, whereby we allowed only 186 marks out of the 500 marks aforesaid because that writ supposes a preceding writ as to the residue, which the attorneys did not show us, and also because they did not show us the letters patent of the said John touching the receipt of the whole aforesaid sum. And £633 13s. 2d. which the said citizens, by seven writs of your father in the accounts (?) for the fifty-first and fifty-second years of his reign, shown to us by the said attorneys, delivered to divers servants of your father, both horsemen and footmen, upon their wages (vadiis), and also to the guardians of the works at the Tower of London for the same; also to Reginald de Suffolk and Gregory de Rokesle of the gift of your father, and to John Walraund for money which he paid to Reymund Makayn, merchant, for your said father, for which money we have not made allowance to the aforesaid citizens, forasmuch as their attorneys have not shown to us the letters of the aforesaid servants, wardens, Reginald, Gregory, and John, or any of them, for the receipt of the said money or any part of it; and further, because the counter-writs (contrabrevia) of the said writs, without which we cannot make an allowance, are in your Treasury at Westminster. And £42 6s. of a certain sum of £50 6s. paid to a certain Agnes, who was wife of John le Weybard, by your letter, sealed with your aforesaid seal, whereby we allowed the said citizens in their fine aforesaid only £8 out of the aforesaid sum, and for the remaining £42 6s. we made no allowance, inasmuch as the said attorneys showed us only the letter of the said Agnes acknowledging the payment of £8 of the sum aforesaid.
Thereupon the citizens of London made petition to the lord the King and his Council, and gave up the aforesaid record under the seal of the Exchequer in his Parliament held at Westminster in the octave of St. John the Baptist, in the thirtieth year of his reign [A. D. 1302]. And answer was made ut patet in alia parte huius folii.
Folio cxliv b.
On the petition of the citizens of London asking that full allowance might be made to them for 20,000 marks in which the said citizens were sometime bound to King Henry, the father of the present King, forasmuch as it was ordained and commanded by the present King and his Council that an account of the said 20,000 marks should be audited and due allowance made to them thereon, by which mandate the said citizens rendered the aforesaid account before the Treasurer and the Barons of the Exchequer of the said lord the King in the quinzaine of St. Michael last past. For which money the said Treasurer and Barons have not made full allowance to the said citizens, as appears by a certain record sent to the King by the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer in these words :-
The King desires that the £5,000 sterling for 20,000 livres tournois paid to the King of France by purveyance (?) made by the King's counsel and that of the citizens of London should be allowed the said citizens, notwithstanding no mention being made of the King's precept, because the purveyance (?) made and the King's counsel suffice for the precept, moreover, the letters of the King of the French acknowledge that he received the said sum of money. Also the King wills that the £532 5s. 8d. paid to Roger de "Maritania," Knt., by command of King Henry and by letters of the Countess of Flanders which acknowledge the payment, notwithstanding that they did not show the King's writ thereon, [shall be allowed], inasmuch as the King remembers that he was bound to the said Roger in certain debts for which certain jewels had been delivered to him, which jewels the said Roger afterwards restored to the King, and he knows for certain that by that payment the jewels were restored, and from no other cause. And as touching all other articles which are not clear, the King wills that the Treasurer and Barons shall audit them, and after scrutiny of the accounts of those who ought to have received the money, and everything else whereby they can be certified, allow the said citizens all that shall be found clear. And as to the residue, let the Mayor and citizens make some certain fine to the Exchequer such as the said Treasurer and Barons shall deem fit to be made to the King's profit, and mandate be given to the Treasurer and Barons by writ of the Chancellor.
The King to his Barons of the Exchequer greeting. Allow to the citizens of our City of London in those 20,000 marks in the aforesaid Exchequer-which the citizens of the said City formerly made fine with the lord Henry, late King of England, our father, for a trespass they were said to have committed against our said father in the time of the war, and which are exacted from them by summons of the said Exchequer- £5,000 sterling for those 20,000 livres tournois which the said citizens, by purveyance (?) of our father's counsel and that of the said citizens, paid to Louis, late King of the French, in our said father's name. And receive from them as well the letters of our said father testifying to the said purveyance (?) as the letters patent of the aforesaid Louis testifying to the receipt of the said 20,000 livres tournois. Witness ourself at Keningtone, 23 August, anno 30 [A.D. 1302].
Writ to the same for due allowances to be made in the City's accounts of the above 20,000 marks for disbursements made on behalf of the King and his father, and for exacting a suitable fine for the residue. Dated ut supra.
The King to the Sheriffs of London greeting. We command you to levy the sum of £1,807 12s. 5d. on the goods and chattels, lands and tenements of the citizens of the said City in your bailiwick, which sum they owe to us as the balance of those 20,000 marks which the citizens aforesaid made fine with the lord Henry of good memory, late King of England, our father, for a trespass which they were said to have committed against our said father at the time of the war, after allowances made to the said citizens lately at our Exchequer by our Treasurer and Barons of the said Exchequer, and also further granted in our last Parliament at Westminster by us and by our counsel. So that you have the said money ready to be paid to us in our Exchequer aforesaid, at York, on the morrow of St. Martin; but if we shall find you tardy or remiss in levying the said money, we shall visit you and yours with the gravest punishment as treating our commands with contempt. And have this writ there and then. Witness, W. de Carletone at York, 1 Oct., 30 Edward I. [A.D. 1302].
Richard (Robert?) de Meldebourne owes by the year for the garden near London Wall, near Aldresgate towards Crepelgate, at Easter Eve, as is contained in the roll of wills, anno 4 Edward [I.], (fn. 3) 12d.
(Afterwards, on the death of Johanna Goldcorn, (fn. 4) two shops came into the hand of the City, from which shops the said 5s. first issued; for which shops William le Coteler rendered for one shop 18s., and Richard le Cordewaner 18s. Now William le Coteler holds one of the said shops for 20s., and a certain capper holds the other for 20s., beginning at Michaelmas, anno 7 [ Edward II.]. Afterwards by the Mayor and Commonalty these two shops were granted to John de Paris and his heirs for 10s. a year, to be paid into the Chamber, and 20s. to the Prebendary of Fynesbere, and he has the deed of the Commonalty thereon.)
(On a cedula attached to the folio there is a copy of a conveyance by Henry le Waleys, the Mayor, and Commonalty of the City to Johanna Goldcorn, relict of Bartholomew the Smith, of a house lately held by the said Bartholomew near Ludgate, at an annual rent of 10s., the grantors reserving their right over the house in time of war. Dated Thursday after the Feast of H. Trinity [1 June], 26 Edward I. [A.D. 1298].)
Of a certain shop of Richard de Mounpelers in the Spicery (Spectaria), in the Chepe of London, for quitrent, by the year, for the maintenance of a certain chantry in St. Paul's for the soul of Henry de Gildeford, (fn. 5) 20s.
(Now William le Chaundeler holds the same house for 20s. a year, beginning at Easter, anno 5 [ Edward II.], inasmuch as Constance, who was the wife of William Milksop while he lived, had of the same house 8s., which came into the hand of the City after the decease of the said Constance.)
Of the ferm of the Small Balance by the year, 100s. Now Richard de Redynge holds it for 50s. at the instance of Ingelard de Warle, beginning at the Feast of SS. Philip and James, anno 6 [ Edward II.] (fn. 6)
Of the ferm of the moor, (fn. 7) by the year, 40s.
Of the wharf of St. Botolph (ut patet supra in cedula ad hoc signum (fn. 8)), £10
John le Wallere holds a small place without Alegate near the foss, in a certain small house called "Loge," 12 feet long and 7 feet broad, by grant of John de Gysors, Mayor, &c., for 12d, by the year; and he is bound to repair the roadway under the gate of Alegate at his own expense, &c. Beginning at Easter, anno 6 [ Edward II.].
Folio cxlvii b.
Roger de Holdene, ironmonger (mercator ferrur'), carried strakes (ferruras) for carts which were too short (narrow?), contrary to the statute of the City of London, and made oath, on Wednesday after the octave of Easter, before Elyas Russel, then Mayor, that he did not know of the proclamation that had been made, (fn. 9) &c. They were accordingly delivered to him this time, &c., and he is warned not to carry in future [such strakes] upon pain of forfeiture, &c.
Similarly, Walter Fihs, Richard de Holedene, son of Richard Thomas, John Sagon de Tonebrigge, Thomas de Holdene, Gilbert de Holdene, and Thomas le King de Penshirst pleaded ignorance of the offence of carrying strakes (ferruras or strikos rotarum) which were too short, whilst Robert de Holdene similarly pleaded touching certain skids (gropes).
Panel of a jury comprising the following names, viz.: Henry le Sporiere, Alan de Waltone, Nicholas Beaubolet, John Bogeys, Ralph le Cotiller, John de Parys, corder, Henry de Amondesham, Nicholas le Lung, John de Flete, Thomas le Paumer, William Flory, William le Chapeler, spicer, Henry le Calicer, Robert de Welleford, (fn. 10) Richard Leu(v)essone, Adam le Fourbour, Thomas Helebek, Roger Chauntecler, John de Merlawe, William le Taillur, and Adam Dally-thirteen of whom were sworn to hold an inquisition as to who should repair the broken pavement near Flete Bridge. They say on oath that the wardens of Flete prison will repair and construct the woodwork (maheremium) of the bridge, and the Sheriffs of London for the time being will pave the bridge.
Monday the morrow of St. Edmund, K. [20 Nov.], 35 Edward I. [A.D 1306], precept issued by John le Blound, Mayor, to Geoffrey de Conduit and Simon Bolet, Sheriffs of London, to take the body of Ralph Hardel, if he be a layman, and safeguard it until he shall have paid the executors of Henry le Galeys, deceased, the sum of 100s., part of a debt of £6 13s. 4d. due under a recognizance made on Wednesday before the Feast of St. Thomas, Ap. [21 Dec.], 30 Edward I. [A.D. 1301], as set forth. The Sheriffs returned that the said Ralph was dead. Accordingly, precept was again issued that they should take his body, &c., and cause an extent and valuation to be made, by oath of twelve good and lawful men of their bailiwick, of all goods, chattels, lands, rents, and tenements which belonged to the said Ralph at the date of the recognizance, in whose hands soever they may have come, other than an heir under age holding them by hereditary succession, and deliver the property so valued to the said executors until they be satisfied of the debt. The Sheriffs returned as formerly, and further answered that it had been found, on the oath of Adam Wade, John de Brinkele, William de Medelane, Alan Wade, Simon de Northamptone, spicer, John le Vaus, Henry Munquey, John de Dorkinge, Laurence de Totenham, Henry le Gaugour, Alan de Suffolk, and Fremund de Donestaple, that the property held by the said Ralph in their bailiwick on the day named was of the annual value of 30 marks, and that seisin of the same had been delivered to the executors aforesaid on Wednesday after the Feast of St. Lucia, V. [13 Dec.], last past, &c
Folio cxlix b.
Tuesday after the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 33 Edward I. [A.D. 1304-5], precept issued by John le Blound, Mayor, to John de Lincoln and Roger de Paris, Sheriffs of London, to take the body of Philip de Northamptone, carpenter, if a layman, and safeguard it until he shall have paid to John de Massingham, mercer, the sum of £8 13s. 4d. due under a recognizance made before the said Mayor and Sir Henry de Leycestre, clerk of the King, (fn. 13) by form of statute of merchants, on Wednesday before the Feast of Nativity B. M. [8 Sept.], 32 Edward I. [A.D. 1304], as set forth. The Sheriffs returned, non inventus. Accordingly, precept was again issued to take his body, &c., and also cause an extent and valuation to be made of the property of the debtor within their bailiwick at the date of the recognizance, and make return...... [ends abruptly].