Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: C, 1291-1309. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1901.
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Breve Regis pro libertatibus civium Wyntonie allocandis.
Saturday after the Feast of Translation of St. Thomas the Martyr [7 July], 27 Edward I. [A. D. 1299], came Walter Russel, "tapyner," Henry Peperwyte, and Reginald de Houghton, citizens of Winchester, and brought a writ addressed to the Mayor and Sheriffs of London commanding them to permit burgesses of Winchester to pass with their merchandise without charging them with pontage dues, in conformity with the terms of the charter granted to Winchester. Dated Stibbenhethe, 6 May, 27 Edward I. [A. D. 1299]. Thereupon, after inspection of the said charter, precept was issued by the Mayor and Sheriffs to the Wardens of London Bridge to desist from levying pontage on merchants of Winchester, and to surrender any distress they had taken. (fn. 1)
Folio xxx b.
Carta Regis Edwardi facta Teotonicis.
Charter of Edward I. confirming charter of Henry III. granted at the instance of Richard, King of the Romans, to the merchants of Almaine having their house in the City of London, commonly called the Guildhall of the Teutonics. Dated Westminster, 18 Nov., 9 Edward I. [A. D. 1281]. (fn. 2)
Carta Regis Henr' facta Teotonicis.
Charter of Henry III. to the same. Dated Westminster, 15 June, 44 Henry III. [A. D. 1260].
Convencio facta inter cives Lond' et Teotonicos.
Composition between the citizens of London and the merchants of the Hanse of Almaine as to the repair of Bishopsgate. Dated London, the month of June, 10 Edward I. [A. D. 1282]. (fn. 3)
(A memorandum to the effect that on 10 Dec., 3 Richard II. [A. D. 1379], the above indented composition, under the seal of the lord the King and of the Commonalty of London, was shown in the inner Chamber of the Guildhall of London to John Hadlee, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and certain commoners summoned for the purpose by ambassadors sent on behalf of the Society of the Hanse in England, &c.)
Videte cartam civium Colonensium que est contraria isti convencioni quantum de libertatibus habendis inter Londonienses in vj folio proximo sequente. (fn. 4)
Thursday after the Feast of St. Bartholomew [24 Aug.], 27 Edward I. [A. D. 1299], Ralph de Attendern', merchant of Almaine and a member of the Hanse, complains before William de Leyre and Walter de Fynchingef[eud], deputies of the Mayor, and other Aldermen [not named], of Richer de Refham, the Sheriff, having twice unlawfully taken money from him as custom due on silk.
Folio xxxi b.
Charter of Henry III. to the effect that the aid granted to him by the Barons of London for the protection of his rights in France should not be drawn into a precedent. Dated Westminster, 22 Dec., 11 Henry III. [A. D. 1226]. (fn. 5)
Breve domini Regis ad inquirend' de transgresor' monete.
The King to his beloved and faithful J[ohn] de Cobeham and W[illiam] de Carleton greeting. Whereas we have appointed you to inquire on the oath of reputable and lawful men, as well as merchants and others of our City of London by whom the truth of the matter may best be known, as to who of our said City and others sojourning there oftentimes carry out of our kingdom sterlings, and silver and gold vessels [and] jewels, to parts beyond the sea, secretly and openly, and change the same for pollards and crocards and other similar bad money, carrying back the said money into England, where they again exchange it in the said City for sterlings, as in our letters patent to you therein directed more fully is contained, and many citizens and others have been indicted before you, as we have heard, and have by you been arrested on that account, as is reported; we, wishing to extend our special favour to them that they may the better be able to exercise their merchandise, do command that you cause the said persons so indicted and arrested to be replevined by good and sufficient surety until we otherwise shall ordain. Witness myself at Canterbury, 11 Sept., 27 Edward I. [A. D. 1299].
Breve dn'i R' pro Will'o fil' Warini.
Edward, &c., to the Mayor and Sheriffs of London, &c. Whereas we have heard from our trusty William Fitz Waryn, whom we had taken under our protection whilst engaged in our service, that during his absence Matilda de Borham had intruded upon one of his messuages in the City, we command you to restore to him the same estate he had in the said messuage at the time of his setting out in our service. Dated Ledes, 26 Sept., 27 Edward I. [A. D. 1299].
Commissio Regis pro pollar' et crocard'.
Writ addressed to the Mayor and Sheriffs of London commanding them to see that the ordinances therein contained touching base money be duly observed, and appointing John Ballard and John Galeys to be money-changers at the Port of Dover. Dated Stebenhethe, 5 May, 27 Edward I. [A. D. 1299]. (fn. 6)
Folio xxxii b.
Be it remembered that on Friday next after the Feast of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 27 Edward I. [A. D. 1299], Richer de Refham, the Sheriff of London the previous year, came to the Guildhall before Henry le Waleys, the Mayor, John le Blunt, Elyas Russel, John de Canterbury, William de Betoyne, Geoffrey de Nortone, Richard de Gloucestre, Adam de Fulham, and other Aldermen, and John de Donstaple and Simon de Paris, then Chamberlains of the Guildhall, and delivered up three letters patent of the lord the King which the said Richer had in his custody, viz.: (1) the confirmation of the Carta Foreste, dated Westminster, 2 April, the year aforesaid; (2) the ordinance touching money made in the Parliament at Stebenhuthe, 15 May [sic], the same year; and (3) a letter touching the postponement of the perambulation of the forest to Michaelmas, (fn. 7) dated at Lewes, 25 June, the year aforesaid, &c.
Be it remembered that on Monday before the Feast of St. Edward, K. [13 Oct.], 27 Edward I. [A. D. 1299], in the presence of Henry le Galeys, Mayor, John le Blund, Walter de Fynchingfeld, John de Canterbury, Richer de Refham, Thomas Sely, Thomas Romayn, Nicholas Pikot, William de Betoyne, William de Leyre, Ralph de Honilane, and John de Donstaple, Aldermen, Richer de Refham, late Sheriff, delivered to William Sygeyn, lord of "Ryouns," a certain letter obligatory whereby the said William was bound to Katherine de la Riole in £70 14s., and another whereby he was bound to "Stold" the Lombard in £47 15s., &c.
Delivered to Philip de Merdele for the expenses of Henry le Galeys and his companions going to Carlisle on the City's business the sum of £41 received from the Chamberlain, and 40s. received from William de Wolchirche, &c. Whereof take account in the expenses of their journey to and at Carlisle of the sum of £25 13s. 5¾d, as appears by particulars; and 76s. for the purchase of horses for their business; and £4 10s. delivered to Elias Russell and Walter de Finch[ingfeud] for their expenses from Carlisle to London, for which they owe account; and £7 8s. 9¼d. for the expenses of the aforesaid Henry from Carlisle to London, for which he owes account; and £6 and 4d. delivered to the said Henry in money numbered, and 10 marks delivered to Elias Russell, for which he ought to answer: and so the said Philip owes 17.d
Edward, &c., to all to whom the present letters shall come, &c. Know ye that whereas our beloved Mayor, Aldermen, Sheriffs, and the rest of our citizens of London had graciously undertaken on our behalf to satisfy certain creditors of certain Gascons whose names are contained in a certain indented schedule made between our beloved clerk, John de Drokenesford, the Keeper of our Wardrobe, on our part, and the said Mayor, Aldermen, Sheriffs, and citizens on the other, touching the sum of £1,049 13s. 11d., in which we are bound to the said Gascons by letters of our beloved and trusty Henry de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln, our lieutenant in the Duchy of Aquitaine-we being willing to satisfy the said citizens of the aforesaid sum of money, as they are bound, have granted and assigned to them our entire ferm of the City aforesaid, and all the issues which by summons of our Exchequer within the said City and County of Middlesex can be for any cause exacted or levied to our use; to receive and hold them by the hands of our Sheriffs for the time being until the aforesaid sum of £1,049 13s. 11d. be fully received in form aforesaid; so that the said ferm or issues aforesaid shall not in the meantime be expended by us or by our Ministers otherwise than in discharge of the said money, until by reasonable account thereof yearly made in our Exchequer it shall appear that the said Mayor, Aldermen, Sheriffs, and citizens shall have realized the said sum of money. In witness whereof we have caused these our letters patent to be made. Witness myself at Canterbury, 26 May, the twenty-seventh year of our reign [A. D. 1299].
Debts which Gascon compeers (Vascones de paragio (fn. 8) ) owe divers men of the City of London and its precinct, as well within its liberty as without, and of which the Mayor, Aldermen, and the rest of the citizens of the said City will satisfy the English creditors of the said Gascons on the King's behalf; and there are assigned to the said citizens by the King the term of the said City and all other issues which by any summons of the Exchequer can be exacted to the King's use until they shall have fully recovered the sum paid on the King's behalf. And the Sheriffs of the said City shall cause all pledges given by the said Gascons for the debts aforesaid to be forthwith given up.
Sir William de "Fluvyan"-debtor to William Fatting, Roger de Derby, baker, the wife of John Ployt, for ale, John de Budesere, John Fairhod, John Plot, Simon Gut, apothecary, Roger de Arderne and his fellows, William de Parys, Robert de Dodeford, and Gregory de Piddele Total £80 19s. 3d.
"Ladalil"-debtor to Robert de Gloucestre, Thomas le Blund, for wood, John le King, butcher, John de Sabrichesworth, for poultry, Henry le Bretoun, for bread, Henry le Pesshoner, Thomas le Masuel, for fish and candles, Simon le Barber, William le Boteler, for wine, Gilbert le Feyner, for hay and oats, William de Gloucestre, Philip his host, John de Middelburgh, mercer, Richard Parpoynter, Richard de Lungeville, Isabella, wife of Eustace de Guynes, William de Winburne, Augustus de Bedeford, Amy de Warewick, Thomas le Mareschal, John le Keu, Matilda, wife of Geoffrey de Balsham, Edmund le Seler, Henry Lumbard, Gilbert Scheyl, and John le Sabater. Total £218 16s. 11d.
Folio xxxiii b.
Peter Amaneni "capitalis bogii"-debtor to Thomas de Wynchester, William Fatting, John Rosemoundi, Cristina Deneneys, Margaret de la Cornere, Roger de Derteford, Peter the Chandler, Seyer le Barber, Augustus Wade, Ralph the Poulterer, James de Asshewelle, Robert Baudre, Alice Leche, his hostess, Augustus atte Scoppe, and Reymund de Burdeux. Total £37 0s. 1d.
William de Segyn, lord of "Riouns"-debtor to Katherine la Fraunceise, Robert le Seler de la Riole, William Haubin, John le Barber de la Riole, Gilbert le Merchal, and Isabella de Essex. Total £106 16s.
Sir Oto de Casnan (Casuan?)-debtor to Roger de Derby, William de Hungerford, Thomas, Serjeant to the Mayor of London, Boydin de Grene, Ralph le Blunt, Robert Baudre, Robert Savage de Turkeseye, John Possemonde, Peter the Chandler, Henry Mareschall, Alan de Redinges, and John de Stratford. Total £10 18s. 5½d.
The lord of Castiloun-debtor to Alice his hostess, Alan de Suffolk, Robert Baudre, Peter le Sauser, Matilda la Barber, John de Sabrichesworth, Roger de Derby, Seykin (?) le Barbier, Peter le Paneter de la Ryole, Reymund de Burdeux, saddler, and Gilbert le Marechal. Total £50 18s. 4½d.
"Saillard" de Agassaco-debtor to Ralph the Goldsmith, William de Hungerford, baker, William de Horsham, butcher, Boydin the Butcher, Clement le Feyner, Richard de Bernes, John de Haleford, Richard le Fruter, John le Tillere. Total £13 16s. 4d.
Folio xxxiv b.
Peter de Bordeux-debtor to Gilbert le Mareschal; Peter de Corigns-debtor to Robert, Clerk de Kirketon; "Ebulus de Podio Guillim (?)"-debtor to Adam de Bonpuce; Amanenus de Sales -debtor to Gilbert de Colecestre, Julian del Conduit, and Matilda da Keal (?) for beds; Lubatus de Prigo-debtor to Gilbert de Colecestre; John Geralli-debtor to Katherine de la Riole and Stephen de Optone; Sir Arnard Aykelmy-debtor to Geoffrey Scot, Katherine de la Riole, Gilbert his host, William de Hungerford, John Rosemound, and Richard de Fanchirch, clerk; Otto de Monte Guscardi-debtor to William de Hungerford, and Master Robert, Clerk of the Vintry; Sir Bernard de St. Siardo-debtor to Katherine de la Riole; Gaillard de Breygnak-debtor to Dionisia Lavenere, Walter Bullok, taverner, John le Chapeler, Alan de Redinges, Alice la Fourner, Gilbert le Mareschal, Henry de Norwych, Adam le Clerc, Master Peter the Chandler, Matilda la Mercer, Leticia la Mercere, Matilda, wife of Robert le Barbier, Katherine de la Riole, and Reymund de Burdeux; William Arnald de Villeneve, William Reymundi de Sancta Cruce, Amanenus de Villeneve, Dominicus de Basca, Arnald de Podio, and Peter de Corigus-debtors to Richard the Joiner; Arnald de "Castet pugo," Bidan de Peyre, Lubatus de Prigo, and Amanenus de Sales-debtors to Gilbert de Colecestre; William Cunnde- debtor to Bru' de la Rokele; Bertrand "de tribus aquis"-debtor to Katherine de la Riole; Arnald Lupi, Dages Petrus, Arnald de Prato, and Vitalis de Forsed-debtors to Peter Dabid (?), Richard the Joiner, David the Baker, William le Chaundeler, and William de Dorteford, baker; Reymund de la Forche-debtor to William de Hallingberi; Reymund Guillim (?) "de balaunzon" -debtor to Geoffrey le Taverner and William Lengleys who lives in the Vintry; John Halegre de Bersak and John his son-debtors to Peter Maupin (?); Master William de Cleron and his fellows-debtors to the same; Archibald de Monte Alto- debtor to Katherine de la Riole, Gerard de Petra longa and Bern[ard], valet to Sir Arnald de Caupenne-debtors to the same; Gaillard de Chastelpuy-debtor to John le Barbier; Arnald Guillim de Botz and Arnald de Jatz-debtors to the same; Arnald de Jatz-debtor to Alan de Suffolk, Sir Arnald Guillim de Pugeys-debtor to Elena la Braceresse, Henry le Noreys, Gilbert de Colecestre, Geoffrey le Taverner de Greschirche, "Nudo" de Bordeux, saddler, and Margery de Canterbury; Arnald "Guillim" de Mauveysin-debtor to Lambin Clay and his wife, Peter de Begare-debtor to David the baker; Arnald "Willim" de Mauveysin-debtor to James de Essewelle; "Ogerus" Roberti-debtor to William de Bertone, William his neighbour, John de Cornwall, Master Robert de Parys, tailor, and Thomas Godard de Soperslane; Arnald Bern' "de la dos"-debtor to Katherine de la Riole, John Fleming and Katherine his wife, and Henry le Cordewaner; Bernard Joye and "Berthr'" Woteyn, burgesses of St. John de Sorde-debtors to John le Chaundeler de Douuegate. Total £167 4s. 6d.
Boniface de "Riouncia"-debtor to James de Assewelle, Domingus de Barres-debtor to Robert Hardel; Sir Arnald de Caupenne-debtor to Simon Dunsy de Fletstrete, John de Welleworth, and Richard de St. Botolph, taverner; Bernard de Keylan-debtor to Katherine de la Riole; Oto "de la Dos" -debtor to the said Katherine, Henry Cordewaner, and William the Poulterer; John Robert-debtor to Walter de Norhwich; "Numandus de Sis"-debtor to Katherme de la Riole; Sir Arnald de Murmere-debtor to the same; Arnald "de Boms villa"-debtor to Roger de Arderne, Robert de Pampesworth, the above Katherine, Robert de Optone, Henry de Canterbury, baker, and Martin the Butcher. Total £58 7s. 11d.
Folio xxxv b.
Sir William "Flivyan"-debtor to John Bacoun, baker, William le Chaundeler, Robert de Lenne, taverner, for wine, Bertram Strake, for bread, also to the ironmonger near the Preaching Friars, Henry Develay, and Richard de Wetherby; William de Moussens-debtor to Peter de Ermentere; "Ladalil"-debtor to Thomas le Barber, Geoffrey de Nerford, William de Westminster, William de la Roche, Robert Pycard, John le Mareschal, Richard le Fevre, Richard de Parys, William le Taverner, Augustus la Mire, William de la Roche, Gilbert le Archer, Adam de Bonfux, for hay and oats, Simon le Keu, and Nicholas le Keu; William de Segyn, lord of Riouns-debtor to Stold le Lumbard, Matthew Durmond, merchant of London, for cloth, William Trente, Henry de Staunford, for shoes; Sir Oto de Casnan-debtor to Thomas Wastel and Robert le Keller'; the lord of Castilon-debtor to Geoffrey Davy, Seyer le Barber, Richard de Parys, William le Bribour, William Marshal, Gilbert Pinnot, and Henry de Greschirche, "cordewaner"; "Gaylard" de Agassaco-debtor to Henry the Chandler, Master Roger de Redehalle, and Robert the Chandler; Peter de Bordeaux- debtor to John de Annesty, mercer, William Trente in the name of Elias Barram, and John Leger, Peter de la Pole, burgess of Aqua-debtor to Stold Lumbard, Alan de Suffolk and his wife; "Nud Fewar'"-debtor to Master Robert de Frowic, cordwainer, William Beaucurt, for cloth, Elias de Lubard; William "Desco"-debtor to Stephen le Poter and Osebert le Espicer; Garsias de Sauneterre-debtor to Dringgewater and William his fellow, William de Hungerford, and William de Wouburne; Sir Arnald Aykelmy-debtor to Warin le Pesshoner; Gaylard de Breysnak-debtor to Matthew de Ratz and his fellow, James le Taverner, and Roger Derby; Bertram "de tribus aquis"- debtor of Chepe [sic] and John le Sabater; Arnald Lupi, "Daches," Petrus Arnald de Prato, and Vitalis de Forsed- debtors to Nicholas le Convers; Sir Arnald Guillim de Pugeys -debtor to Thomas de Berewik, Gilbert le Mareschal; Ponce de la More-debtor to Johanna Pinchetz, Nicholas le Convers, Henry the Chaplain of the Temple, Hugh de Farndone, Nicholas le Pestur; Otho de Venquet-debtor to William le Fourner, Richard the Butcher, Robert le Peny; John Alegre (?), senior- debtor to Geoffrey de Salop, skinner, Bartholomew le Lumbard, merchant; Amanenus de Cortone, Jordan Elie, Bernard de Semengs', priest, and Elias de Petragoritimo-debtors to William "du Schak." Total £231 12s. 10d.
Arnald Willim' de Mauveysyn-debtor to Roger de Derby, Richard the Butcher, Peter Maupyn, and Thomas de Sandwych; Arnald du Vercher-debtor to Roger de Derbi, baker, William de Hungerford, Richard the Butcher, and Master Roger the Physician; Bernard de "Ceilan"-debtor to James de Budele and Richard the Cook; William "Schark"-debtor to Robert, valet of John Dacre, also to William de Hallingberi and his valet; Bertrand de la More-debtor to Walter Fraunceys de Riole; Domingus de Will and Peter Gerald de Villa, proctors of divers men of the town of la Rochele-debtors to John de Lincoln; Reymund de Magnan and Seyverus Elis-debtors to Master Gilbert the Physician and Roger de Balsham his host; Guydo le Flemenge-debtor to William "de Schak"; Reymund de Funganan (?)-debtor to Walter le Fraunceys and Master Robert de Cornedale; Bertrand Assabti and Peregrine de la Rokan-debtors to James le Botiler for cloth, John de Porta for wine, William the Chandler for wax, Mary, wife of John le Fleming, John the Baker, Cristiana la Panetere, William le Batour. Total £73 4s. 3d.
And because the above James le Botiller, John de Porta, Mary, wife of John le Fleming, John the Baker, and Cristiana la Panetere had not received the money due to them, the aforesaid Bertrand received the said money, amounting to £9 13s. 4d., by the hands of Nicholas Pycot, the Chamberlain, as appears in an acquittance made to him by the said Bertrand, &c.
Sum total £1,049 13s. 11d.
Litera facta Richer' de Reffham.
Letters patent under the seal of the Commonalty of the City of London notifying that Richer de Refham, Sheriff of London for the twenty-seventh year of the reign of King Edward I., had paid the Mayor and Aldermen, &c., the sum of £30 out of the issues of his bailiwick, pursuant to the King's recent grant. Dated London, Wednesday after the Feast of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 27 Edward I. [A. D. 1299].
Inspeximus Charter of Edward I. to the citizens of Cologne, dated Langeleye, 28 July, 18 Edward I. [A. D. 1290]. (fn. 9)
Folio xxxvi b.
Friday before the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov.], 26 Edward I. [A. D. 1298], in the presence of Elyas Russel, then Mayor, John le Blund, William de Betoyne, William le Mazener, John de Canterbury, Geoffrey de Northone, Thomas Romayn, John Wade, Richer de Refham, Salomon le Cotiller, Nicholas Pikot, Simon de Paris, John de Donstaple, Thomas Sely (John Darmenters and Henry de Fyngrie, then Sheriffs of London), Nicholas de Farndone, Richard de Gloucestre, William de Leyre, and Walter de Finchingfeud......
Letters patent under the seal of the Commonalty of the City of London acknowledging the receipt of the sum of £10 in part payment of the sum of £20 which Richer de Refham, during his shrievalty, had levied by fi. fa. on a tenement belonging to Luke de Batencurt by way of amercement for the escape of Master Seman; the said money being due to the City under the recent grant from the King. Dated London, Saturday the eve of All Saints [1 Nov.], 27 Edward I. [A. D. 1299].
Electio Maioratus Lond'.
Wednesday the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 27 Edward I. [A. D. 1299], by the common advice of Henry le Galeys, then Mayor, Geoffrey de Northone, John le Blund, William de Bettoyne, John de Canterbury, Salomon le Coteler, Thomas Romayn, Adam de Rokesle, William de Leire, Walter de Finchingfeud, Richard de Gloucester, Ralph de Honilane, Adam de Hallingberi, Nicholas Picot, John "Vade," Richer de "Repham," Thomas Sely, John de Donestaple, Aldermen, and of the whole Commonalty of the City aforesaid, Elias Russel was elected to the office of the Mayoralty of the said City and sworn, and was received by the Constable of the Tower of London by writ of the lord the King thereon, according to the terms of the charter (fn. 10) granted to the City by the lord the King, on the morrow of the aforesaid Feast, without the outer gate of the Tower, temp. R[alph] de Sandwych, Constable of the said Tower, &c.
Littera consingnata pro deb' Vasconum.
Saturday after the Feast of St. Edmund, K. [20 Nov.], 28 Edward I. [A. D. 1299], a certain letter for £28 was sealed with the seal of the Commonalty to Thomas de Suffolk, which sum we paid to John de Lincoln because we were bound to him for debts of the Gascons.
Wednesday after the Feast of St. Andrew [30 Nov.], 28 Edward I. [A. D. 1299], a letter for £60 was sealed with the seal of the Commonalty to John de Armenter, which sum we paid to Katherine de la Riole.
The same day a letter for £20 was sealed with the seal of the Commonalty to Henry de Fingrie, which sum we paid to the above Katherine.
Writ to the Warden and Sheriffs of London, on the complaint of William Bernard and Adam Absalon, that whereas it had always been the custom for cloths which had been delivered by fullers and dyers to be fulled, to be fulled by the feet of men of the craft or their servants in their houses within the City, certain men lately using the craft, viz., John de Oxford, Henry atte Watergate, and Elyas Schereman, had sent such cloth to the mills at Stratford to be fulled. They are again commanded to inquire into the matter, and to see speedy justice done or to show cause why the King's mandate, so often directed to them, had not been executed. Dated Westminster, 23 Jan., 26 Edward I. [A. D. 1297-8]. (fn. 11)
Another copy of the above.
Thereupon the said John, Henry, and Elyas, being summoned to answer the above charges, confessed their fault, Ideo, &c.
The said Warden and Sheriffs summoned certain dyers, tailors, burellers, weavers, and fullers, to make provision for better regulating the said craft (officium) of fullers :-
Weavers-Walter Pain, William de Gillingham, "vinour," John de Cannefeld, Andrew Payn, John de Cesterhunte.
Tailors-William de Wobourne, John de Staundone, Robert Scot, Robert de Bromleye.
Burellers-Fulk de St. Edmund, Robert de Frestone, William de Caxtone, Thomas de Waledene, William de Mordone, John de Winchester, Walter de Brackinge, William Morice.
Dyers (?) (fn. 12) -William Bernard, Richard de Rikinhall, John de "Waus," Adam Absolon, William de Medelton, John de la Ham, Stephen Bernard, John de St. ......... Richard de Berkyng, Henry Bernard, Robert L......... Geoffrey de...... [illegible] Who being sworn for the amelioration of the said craft ordained as appears infra.
(Afterwards there came reputable men of the craft of dyers and fullers, and inasmuch as those who had been sworn to keep the said craft were dead, they ask that others might be elected in their place, &c. And there were elected twelve [sic] reputable men in the presence of Nicholas de Farndone, the Mayor, on Tuesday the morrow of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist [24 June], 7 Edward II. [A. D. 1314], viz., William Bernard, John de "Vaux," Richard de Berkyng, John de Kent, William de Prestone, John de Braban, Godfrey Loveyne, Richard le Pipere, William de Stanford, John de Bristolle.)
Ordinances of the Fullers.
Folio xxxvii b.
No fuller, dyer, or weaver to send cloth, entrusted to him to be fulled, without the City. The six reputable men sworn of the craft to search for cloth at the gates of the City, by water and land, and stop it being sent to mills outside the City, &c. (fn. 13)
Saturday after the Feast of St. Katherine, V. [25 Nov.], 28 Edward I. [A. D. 1299], came Thomas de Basinges before Elias Russel, the Mayor, Geoffrey de Nortone, William de Leyre, John le Blunt, William de Betoyne, Ralph de Honilane, Walter de Finchingfeld, Nicholas Pycot, John de Donestaple, and Simon de Parys, Aldermen, and agreed to render account to Stephen, son of Richard de Abbindone, of the issues of lands, tenements, and rents accruing during his guardianship of the said Stephen; a day given and auditors appointed, viz., William de Leyre and Walter de Finchingfeud.
Wednesday the Feast of St. Hillary [13 Jan.] came Henry le Chener, mercer, before Elias Russel, the Mayor, Geoffrey de Northone, John le Blund, William de Bettoyne, John de Donestaple, and Simon de Paris, Aldermen, and other Aldermen [not named], and offered to pay to John de Cauntebrugge, mercer, the sum of £20 in "pollards," being a debt due for merchandise bought at the Feast of St. John the Baptist [24 June], 27 Edward I. [A. D. 1299], as appears by a certain writing; but the said John refused to accept the money, which is therefore ordered to be delivered to the Chamberlain until, &c.
Thursday after the Feast of the Purification B. M. [2 Feb.], 28 Edward I. [A. D. 1299-1300], came Sir William and Sir Symon de Cray, Knights of Sir John de Revers (milites domini Johannis de Revers), and offered to pay on behalf of the said Sir John to William Trente, John de Cheggewelle, and Gerard de Horgol the sum of £110 in "pollards," which were shown in court, instead of "sterlings," as by the new Statute bound, to satisfy a debt.
The following Saturday Sir Michael de Polinges offered to pay James de Pystoyle.......
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to see justice done to Roger la Ware, whose goods and chattels to the value of £100 had been seized by William Tupyn of Toulouse, and afterwards detained in their custody, as the said Roger complained. Dated York, 16 Nov., 27 Edward I. [A. D. 1299].
Return to the above. Inquiry had been made on the oath of good men of the City, and it had been found that the above William Tupyn had secretly taken and carried away goods and chattels belonging to the above Roger la Ware which were in the custody of a certain John de Norhamtone, clerk, of the value of £74 19s. 8d., viz., £56 13s. in "pollards," £4 sterling, ten silver dishes worth 12 marks, six silver salts worth 40s., two silver plated cups and one silver cup with covercle worth 60s., and two fermails of gold worth 2 marks, which goods, together with others, were seized upon the said William by the Warden of the river Thames and Richer de Reefham and Thomas Sely, the late Sheriffs of London, because he wished to carry them beyond the sea, contrary to the King's recent ordinance against the exportation of sterling or other silver, and they were by order of Sir John de Droknesford delivered to Sir John Sendal, the Warden of the Exchange at the Tower, by indenture. The Mayor and Sheriffs were therefore unable to deliver the goods again to the said Roger.
Letters patent under the seal of the Commonalty acknowledging the receipt of the sum of £4 14s. of the ferm of the City from Henry de Fingrie, one of the Sheriffs of London, pursuant to the King's late grant made to the City for satisfying the debts of certain Gascons. Dated Tuesday after the Feast of Conception B. M. [8 Dec.], 28 Edward I. [A. D. 1299].
The same day a certain letter for £8 10s. was sealed to Richer de Refham for the debts of the Gascons, and another letter for £37 10s. to Thomas Sely for similar debts.
Folio xxxviii b.
Breve R' quod pollard non valeat nisi ob'.
The King's writ to the effect that after Christmas next "pollards" and "crocards" shall no longer pass as of the value of a penny, but as of a halfpenny, i. e., two for a "sterling." Dated Beverle, 25 Nov., 28 Edward I. [A. D. 1299]. (fn. 14)
Proclamation made in the City of London in Christmas week, after the prohibition of bad money called "pollard," anno 28 Edward I., against enhancing the price of provisions, &c. (fn. 15)
The names of those elected from different crafts, and sworn to see that the ordinances set out in the above proclamation are duly observed, (fn. 16) viz.: Of the butchers at St. Nicholas "masecreu" (fn. 17) -John Dachet, Luke de War', and John le King. At Estchep-Boidin de Grave, William Fatting. At "le Stocke" -Martin de Dollingham, William de Totenham. Of the Fishmongers-William Lambin, John de Stebenhethe. Of the Poultry -John de "Sabcheworth," Adam Broun, Thomas Broun Of the "Stocfismongers"-William de Biai, Henry le Blund, John Gubbe. At the old Fish Market-Walter de Hackeneye, Geoffrey Scot.
Charter of King John abolishing the Guild of Weavers of London. (fn. 18)
Carta Gilde Telariorum.
John, by the grace of God, &c., to his Archbishops, Bishops, &c., greeting. Know ye that, on the petition of the Mayor and our citizens of London, we have granted, and by the present charter have confirmed, that the Guild of Weavers shall not henceforth be in the City of London, nor be ever restored. Inasmuch as, however, we have been accustomed yearly to receive 18 marks of silver from that Guild of Weavers, our aforesaid citizens shall pay each year to us and our heirs 20 marks of silver in tale, at the Feast of St. Michael, at our Exchequer. Witnesses, H[ubert], Archbishop of Canterbury, our Chancellor, E[ustace] of Ely and W[illiam] of Avranches, Bishops, Hugh de Gournay, Robert de Harecort', Thomas Basset, Peter de Stok', Richard de Reiners. Given by the hands of the same H[ubert], Archbishop of Canterbury, at Gournay, the 20th day of March, in the third year of our reign [A. D. 1201-2]
Carta R' Henr' tertu de Gilda Telariorum.
Charter of Henry III. to the Weavers of London. Dated Suthwit', 37 [sic] June, 27 Henry III. [A. D. 1243]. (fn. 19)
Be it remembered that on Wednesday after the Feast of the Conversion of St. Paul [25 Jan.], 28 Edward I. [A. D. 1299-1300], the Small Beam was delivered to Ralph de Arraz, to hold and keep until otherwise ordained by the Mayor and Aldermen; and that he should keep all the profits of the said Beam to the use of the City, saving to himself for his labour as the Mayor and Aldermen should decree. And this was granted to him by the aforesaid Mayor and Aldermen.
Folio xxxix b.
Breve Reg' de proclamacione pollardorum pro ob'.
Writ of Edward I., addressed to the Mayor and Sheriffs, enjoining them to see that the recent ordinance touching "pollards" and "crocards" passing current as halfpence, and not as pence, is duly observed, and that the price of victuals be not enhanced in consequence. Dated Windsor, 28 Jan., 28 Edward I. [A. D. 1299-1300]. (fn. 20)
Pro Escambio Breve.
Writ of Edward I. forbidding the melting down or refining of "pollards" or "crocards" or other base money, but the same are to be brought to the King's Exchange at the Tower, there to be exchanged. Dated Wyndesore, 29 Jan., 28 Edward I. [A. D. 1299-1300]. (fn. 21)
Be it remembered that on Saturday before the Feast of Purification B. M. [2 Feb.], 28 Edward I. [A. D. 1299-1300], the Commonalty of the Guild of Weavers of London elected bailiffs of their craft (officio) to hold the court of the same craft and to safeguard that which appertains to the same; and they presented the aforesaid bailiffs to Elyas Russell, then Mayor, by whom they were received, and sworn to hold pleas touching the aforesaid craft and safeguard all that appertains to the same. And if there be anything which cannot be determined by them in their court, the same should be presented to the aforesaid Mayor to be determined by him. And as often as shall be permitted the said Mayor shall attend their court. And all and singular the premises the aforesaid Commonalty of the said Guild agreed with common consent and assent to observe in the future without any gainsaying. The names of the said bailiffs, viz., Simon le Webbe de Purtepoll and Vincent de Sutton. (fn. 23)
Eleccio alutar' ad custod offic'.
Be it remembered that on Tuesday after the Feast of St. Matthias, Ap [24 Feb.], the same year, Robert de Frowic, Thomas de Derby, William de Siningham, Roger de Bristolle, Hugh de Assinburne, Roger "de Pecherwys," (fn. 24) William de Sandwich, [and] John de Lincoln were sworn to safeguard the craft of Cordwainers.
William le Mic', John Bogeys, Henry de Somersete, Walter de Gloucestre, Roger de Derby, Robert Nel, Robert de Stanford, Henry le Coupere, sworn to safeguard the craft of Bakers.