Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: E, 1314-1337. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1903.
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Lease by Richard Godchep, mercer, and Margery his wife, daughter of Jordan Godchep, to John de Dallyngge, junior, mercer, of a certain chamber in their seld in Westchepe in the parish of St. Mary le Bow, together with chests and cupboards therein, for a term of twelve years from Easter, anno 12 Edward II., at an annual rent of 13s. 4d. Witnesses, John de Dallyng, John Poyntel, Hugh de Gartone, William de Hakford, William de Caustone, Roger the clerk, and others [not named].
Read, Wednesday before the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.] [12 Edward II. A.D. 1318].
Custodia Walt'i fil' Ric'i le Keu tradita Andree Horn.
Saturday the morrow of the Assumption B. M. [15 Aug.], 14 Edward II. [A.D. 1320], Andrew Horn, the Chamberlain of the Chamber of the Guildhall, by precept of Hamo de Chigwelle, the Mayor, took into the City's hand Walter, son of Richard the cook, a vagrant orphan, and on Sunday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.] following brought him before the said Mayor, and Nicholas de Farndone, Roger de Frowyk, Edmund Lambyn, and Roger le Palmere, Aldermen, and a great Commonalty assembled for the election of Sheriffs as is the custom, and by their assent the guardianship of the said Walter and of his property was entrusted to the said Chamberlain until he come of age. Sureties for the said Andrew, viz., John Saleman and Jordan "Laubel," fishmonger, &c.
Folio. cxii b.
Lease by Johanna, daughter of William de Harwe and late wife of William de Asshindene, to Robert de Fordham, of co. Cambridge, of a shop in the parish of St. Nicholas Shambles for a term of seven years from the Feast of the Nativity of St. John Bapt. [24 June], anno 13 Edward II. [A.D. 1320]. Witnesses, Roger Husbond, John de Lyndeseie, Nicholas Crane, Walter atte Belhous, Geoffrey de Langeleye, John Amis, clerk, and others [not named].
Recognicio facta Joh'i fil' Ade de Bentlee.
Saturday before the Feast of the Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 14 Edward II. [A.D. 1320], came John Hereward, one of the executors of Adam de Bentele, before the Mayor and Aldermen, and acknowledged himself bound to John, son of Adam de Bentele, in the sum of £8 on account of a legacy, &c.
Paid and is quit.
Folio. cxiii-cxiii b.
The same day came Ralph de Hegham, beadle of the Ward of Crepelgate, and John, son of John de Fincheham, executors of the said John Hereward, and acknowledged themselves bound to John, son of Adam de Bentele, in the sum of £9 14s.
Letters patent confirming the Statute made at Winchester, 8 Oct., 13 Edward I. [A.D. 1285], enacting that cry be made of felonies and "fresh suits" pursued from town to town, &c., for the better preservation of the peace. Dated at Canterbury, 18 June, 13 Edward II. [A.D. 1320].
Breve R' ad inquir' de felon', etc.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs enjoining them to inquire into felonies and other trespasses committed contrary to the Statute of Winchester, a copy of which is enclosed under the King's seal. Dated at Canterbury, 18 June, 13 Edward II. [A.D. 1320].
Custodia filior' [sic] Joh'is de Wynton'.
Monday before the Feast of St. Margaret [20 July], 14 Edward II. [A.D. 1320], the guardianship of Cristina, Alice, Johanna, and Agnes, children (puerorum) of John de Wynchester, barber, (fn. 2) entrusted to Johanna, relict of the said John, by Hamo de Chigwelle, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, together with their property, comprising rents and tenements in "Berchernereslane" in the parish of St. Edmund the King and Martyr, as well as at Rotheresgate, (fn. 3) and in the parish of St. Dionis Bakecherche, at one time belonging to Richard de Hodesdone, Thomas de Perendone, Gilbert atte More, and Hugh de Waltham. Mention made of Salomon, a son of the aforesaid John de Wynchester by his first wife. Sureties, viz., Robert de Lemyngtone, John de Bristolle, barber, and Reginald de Croidone.
Folio. cxiv b.
Temp. Nicholas de Farndone, Mayor, anno 14 Edwardi II.
Sunday before the Feast of St. Martin [11 Nov.], 14 Edward II. [A.D. 1320], Emma, daughter of William le Wirdrawiere, of York, arrested by William "Official," Serjeant of the Ward of Cheap, and set in the Tun, for being found wandering after curfew rung at St. Martin le Grand with a certain fardel of cloth. (fn. 4)
De Rob'to de Foxton'.
Tuesday the Feast of St. Martin [11 Nov.], 14 Edward II. [A.D. 1320], a letter of Privy Seal from the King to the Mayor, Aldermen, and good men of the City read, complaining that a pension of 100s. granted at his request to Robert de Foxtone was in arrear. Dated at Westminster, 21 Oct., 14 Edward II. [A.D. 1320]. (fn. 5)
Thereupon it was agreed that the aforesaid pension should be paid to the said Robert for life, he making oath that he would serve the City well and truly in every way he could, in the presence of Nicholas de Farndone, the Mayor, Richard de Gloucestre, Hugh de Gartone, Simon de Parys, Roger de Frowyk, Simon de Abyndone, and Elias de Suffolk, Aldermen, John Priur, senior, William de Bodeleghe, Robert le Callere, Robert le Bret, Robert de Piphurst, Thomas Rys, Elias le Callere, Roger Hosebond, John Sterre, William de Hakford, Gilbert de Mordone, John Saleman, William de Elsynge, Geoffrey Beauflur, Richard de Hakeneie, Richard de Rothyng, "pheliper," Henry de Norhamptone, Alan ate Warf, Nicholas Ponge, Nicholas Dereman, Philip Lucas, Richard de Lomhethe, Simon de Parys, junior, William de Dorkynge, Ralph de Blithe, Hugh Matefrei, Henry "the hore," William atte Gate, Walter de Elmedone, William Braie, Adam Pikeman, Wymond Broth[er], Robert Podifat, &c.
The same day the freedom of the City was granted to the said Robert, and he was admitted and sworn, &c.
Deed whereby Richard de Rothynge, pheliper, covenants to find John Albon, son of Godwin le Pheliper, in food and clothing for a term of two years from Christmas, anno 14 Edward II. [A.D. 1320], as well as to instruct him in his own trade. Witnesses, Henry de Norhamptone, William de Grenstede, Bartholomew de Bordesle, Richard de Uggele, John de Biry, and others [not named]. Dated Friday after the Feast of St. Martin [11 Nov.], 14 Edward II. [A.D. 1320].
Afterwards, viz., on Thursday after the Feast of St. Bartholomew [24 Aug.], 15 Edward II. [A.D. 1321], came the aforesaid John, and prayed that the above writing might be annulled, for he had caused another writing to be entered, as appears afterwards in this same paper. (fn. 6)
Monday before the Feast of St. Katherine [25 Nov.], 14 Edward II. [A.D. 1320], meat belonging to John Perer, John Estmar, and Reginald ate Watre, foreign butchers, seized for being exposed for sale contrary to the custom of the City, and record of subsequent proceedings thereon. (fn. 7)
Folio. cxv b.
Writ to the Sheriffs that they make preparations for an Iter to be held at the Tower by the King's Justices on the morrow of St. Hillary [13 Jan.]. Dated at Westminster, 20 Nov., 14 Edward II. [A.D. 1320].
The above writ was delivered to the Sheriffs on Wednesday before the Feast of St. Andrew, Ap. [30 Nov.], anno 14.
[Folios. cxvi blank.]
Folio. cxvi b.
Saturday the eve of the Feast of St. Andrew, Ap. [30 Nov.], 14 Edward II. [A.D. 1320], an inquisition taken by Adam de Conduit, Thomas de Wyght, Richard de Berdefeld, Peter le Pasteler, William de Cheiham, Adam le Sakkere, John de Godestone, William le Chaundeler, Adam de Depedene, Alexander le Chaundeler, Robert de Farnham, and Thomas de Crokesle, for the purpose of discovering whether Isabella, wife of Walter de Conduit, broke a sequestration made on her goods by Joice, the Serjeant of the Chamber, during the absence of her husband abroad, and took and eloigned the goods sequestrated in Bredstrate, where her husband lived, or not. They say on their oath that she broke no sequestration, nor took nor eloigned any goods, &c. Accordingly let her go quit, &c.
Temp. Sir Robert de Kendale, Warden, anno 14 Edward II.
De remocione Alderm' die sc'i Gregor' pape.
Be it remembered that on Thursday the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], anno 14 Edward II. [A.D. 1320-1], Robert de Kendale, the Warden, (fn. 9) the Aldermen, and the Commonalty being assembled at the Guildhall, the following Aldermen were removed, viz., John de Gisorz, Alderman of the Ward of Vintry, Simon Corp, Alderman of the Ward of Cordewanerstrete, William de Caustone, Alderman of the Ward of Bradestrete, and Stephen de Abyndone, Alderman of the Ward of Douuegate; and in place of Simon Corp removed there was elected and sworn Reginald de Conduit; in the place of the aforesaid William de Caustone was elected Henry Nazard and sworn; in the place of the aforesaid Stephen was elected John Vyvyen and sworn; in the place of the aforesaid John de Gisorz......
William de Borham, "haberdassher," attached to appear before Hamo Godchep and Robert de Swalclyve, deputies of Sir Robert de Kendale, the Warden, on Monday the morrow of Palm Sunday [12 April], the year aforesaid, to answer Thomas de la Hay, serjeant of Reginald de Conduit, the Sheriff, for that whereas the said Thomas, by precept of the said Sheriff, [made] an execution upon the said William......[ends abruptly].
John Hurry, servant of John de Staneford, baker, attached and taken to the Guildhall, on 6 April, before Richard de Gloucestre and Robert de Swalclyve, deputies of the Warden, and Reginald de Conduit, Alderman, for that it was found, on the testimony of Robert de Ware and William le Pestour, who were sworn and examined, that he had used threats to Ralph de Arwe, baker, and being unable to find sureties to keep the peace he was committed to prison quousque, &c.
Be it remembered that on Tuesday after festum clausi, (fn. 10) anno 14 Edward II. [A.D. 1321], there were elected six men of the City to go unto the lord the King as is commanded in the aforesaid letter, viz., Hamo de Chigewelle, Hamo Godchep, John Vyvyen, Edmund Cosyn, William de Hakford, and John Waldeshef.
The same day it was agreed that William de Hakford should go with a common letter (cum litera commum) to the lord the King to obtain his favour touching the Quo Warranto and other writs pending in the Iter. (fn. 11)
Folio. cxvii-cxvii b.
>Carta Burgens' de Colecestr'.
Inspeximus charter of liberties of the town of Colchester. Dated at York, 4 Feb., 12 Edward II. [A.D. 1318-19]. (fn. 12)
And be it known that the above charter was not accepted by the Mayor and Aldermen, except so far that they should be quit of murage only, &c.
Libertas Glouc' allocata.
Writ of Edward III. to the Mayor and Sheriffs of London bidding them allow burgesses of Gloucester and their merchandise to be quit of toll, pontage, (fn. 13) stallage, (fn. 14) lastage, (fn. 15) murage, (fn. 16) kayage, (fn. 17) pavage, (fn. 18) passage, (fn. 19) gildage, (fn. 20) and gild of merchants (gilda mercatorum), (fn. 21) according to the terms of charters granted to them by his ancestors and confirmed by himself. Dated at Gloucester, 20 Dec., 2 Edward III. [A.D. 1328].
The above charter (carta) was seen and examined by John de Grantham, the Mayor of London, Henry de Combemartyn and Simon Fraunceys, the Sheriffs, and the Aldermen of the said City on Wednesday next before Ash Wednesday [8 March], anno 3 Edward III. [A.D. 1328-9], and it was allowed them [i.e., the burgesses of Gloucester] as touching this article, viz., that they thenceforth be quit of murage, kayage, pavage, passage, gildage, and the gild of merchants in the City aforesaid, &c.
[Fos. cxviii b, cxix blank.]
Folio. cxix b.
Peticio vinetar' London'.
Wednesday next after the Feast of Pentecost [18 May], 14 Edward II. [A.D. 1321], petition to the King and his Council by the vintners, taverners of London, to the effect that whereas the Mayor caused proclamation to be made at the time of the last sale (vendenges (fn. 22) ) that the said taverners should sell a gallon of wine at 3 pence and no more, and this they have hitherto done as best they could, there had now arrived some wines from Rochelle (?) (fn. 23) which were dearer, selling usually at 60s. up to 100 marks the tun, so that the said taverners could not afford to sell a gallon for less than 4 pence. The said taverners, moreover, were every year heavily assessed before the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer, and now in this Iter in London, (fn. 24) to their great impoverishment. They pray, therefore, a remedy.
Wednesday before the Feast of Translation of St. Thomas [7 July], 14 Edward II. [A.D. 1321], Hamo de Chigewelle, the Mayor, and the Aldermen summoned to appear before the King at Westminster, and asked whether they were prepared to keep the City for the King, seeing that dissension had arisen between him and certain nobles of the realm. (fn. 25)
[Here follows a scheme submitted to the King on the following Saturday for safeguarding the City. (fn. 26) ]
On the following Monday the Mayor and Aldermen again appear before the King, who expressed himself as satisfied with the scheme and commanded them to carry it into execution.
Having neglected to carry out the King's orders, they were summoned to appear again before the King at the Tower on the following Friday, when the orders were renewed.
Thereupon, on Friday after the Feast of the Translation of St. Thomas [7 July], 15 Edward II. [A.D. 1321], Hamo de Chigewelle, the Mayor, Roger de Frowik, Richard de Gloucestre, Hamo Godchep, Robert de Swalclyve, Richard Costantyn, John Cotun, Reginald de Conduit, Anketin de Gisorz, Roger le Palmere, John Poyntel, John Vyvyen, Hugh de Gartone, Henry de Seccheford, and Henry Nasard, Aldermen, and a very great Commonalty being assembled at the Guildhall, it was agreed that the keys of Neugate should be entrusted to John de Lyndeseie and Roger Hosebond; the keys of Lodegate to James le Palmere and Master Richard Larblaster; the keys of Aldresgate to Nigel de Whatele and Roger de Wyndesore; the keys of Crepelgate to Richard le Cornmongere and John de Leycestre; the keys of Bisshopesgate to Nicholas Ponge and Roger Hubert; the keys of Alegate to Adam de Cobhambire and John ate Marche; and they were to close the main gates at sunset, and keep them closed until sunrise, whilst the wickets (guigetti) were to be left open until curfew rung at St. Martin le Grand and then closed, not to be reopened until the first bell rung at St. Thomas de Acon. It was further ordered that each of the gates be guarded by twelve armed men at the charges of the Wards assigned below, and that the postern at the Tower and the river Thames above and below the bridge be guarded in manner following, viz.:-
Folio. cxx b.
Ludegate by the Ward of Cordewanerstrete and the half of the Ward of Farndone within (infra) on the south side.
Neugate, by the Ward of Chepe, the Ward of Walebroke, and the half of the Ward of Farndone on the north side.
Aldresgate, by the said Ward and the Ward of Bredstrete.
Crepelgate, by the said Ward and the Wards of Bassieshagh and Colemanstrete.
Bisshopesgate, by the said Ward, the Wards of Bradestrete and Lymstrete, and by the Teutonics. (fn. 27)
Alegate, by the said Ward and the Wards of Langebourne and Cornhull.
The postern at the Tower by the Ward of St. Dunstan. (fn. 28)
The river to the east of the bridge by the Wards of Billyngesgate and Douuegate.
The gate on the bridge by Bridge Ward and the Ward of Candelwikstrete.
The river to the west of the bridge by the Wards of Vintry, Queenhithe, and Castle Baynard.
And thereupon a letter was sent to the Alderman of each Ward containing instructions as to the manner of keeping the said guards.