Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: E, 1314-1337. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1903.
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Folios clxi-clxi b.
Pleas at St. Martin le Grand, London, before Thomas le Blount, Roger Beler, and Simon Croiser, Justices of the lord the King, assigned to hear and determine a certain trespass committed against Henry de Palyngtone in Fletestrete, Friday after the Feast of SS. Peter and Paul [29 June], 18 Edward II. [A.D. 1325], by the King's writ. The plaintiff appeared; the defendants failed to appear. Thereupon the Mayor and citizens pleaded certain charters confirmed by the present King, whereby the King agreed not to assign Justices for any matters arising in the City and suburbs except Justices itinerant at the Tower and Justices for gaol delivery of Neugate and for correcting errors at St. Martin le Grand, (fn. 1) and as the above Justices were not assigned for any one of these purposes, they prayed that the said Justices should not act to the prejudice of the citizens. A day named for hearing judgment thereon. The Sheriffs return the names of sureties for certain of the defendants, whilst others they return as not being found within their bailiwick. Thereupon the Mayor and citizens proffer a writ of the King dated 5 July, 18 Edward II. [A.D. 1325], bidding the Justices to do nothing prejudicial to the liberties of the citizens. The plaintiff objects to the delay hereby caused, and asks that the plaint be proceeded with. A day given, but nothing done, owing to the absence of the Justices.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs of London that they take steps to make the nine weights used for weighing tin in Cornwall, now committed to them, to agree with the standard of London and return the same to William de Pasforde, the King's valet, for him to take back to Cornwall and deliver the same to the Sheriff of Cornwall and Roger de "Blakecolvesle" (Blakecolnesle ?), the Comptroller of the Stannary, inasmuch as the said weights, which had been in use since the time of Richard, Earl of Cornwall, had been reported by Henry Champernoun (de Campo Arnulphi) and Stephen de Haccombe, the King's Commissioners, as worn out. They had, moreover, been tampered with by a certain William de Monketone, a former Sheriff of Cornwall and Warden of the Stannary, and Benedict Reneward, a receiver in the said county, who had been duly convicted and punished. Witness, W[alter Stapleton], Bishop of Exeter. Dated at Westminster, 28 June, 18 Edward II. [A.D. 1325].
Folio clxii b.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs of London that they appear before the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer at Westminster on Tuesday before the Feast of St. Laurence [10 Aug.], to certify that the nine weights for weighing tin in the county of Cornwall lately sent to them had been repaired so as to agree with the King's standard of London, according to the King's late command. Witness, R[oger] Beler. Dated at Westminster, 3 Aug., 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1325].
Return made to the above writ to the effect that they had caused the weights to agree with the King's standard of London, viz., two weights each of 200 lb., one of 100 lb., each 100 lb. being equivalent to 112 lb.; two of half a hundredweight each, or 56 lb.; one of 32 lb., one of 16 lb., one of 8 lb., and one of 4 lb., and that they had delivered them to William de Pasford, the King's valet, to carry to Cornwall to the Sheriff there and Roger de "Blacolvesle" (Blacolnesle ?), the Comptroller of the Stannary, &c. [and these weights for weighing tin and other heavy (grossas) merchandise in the City of London we have used from time immemorial, &c.]. (fn. 2)
Be it remembered that on Monday before the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1325], Reginald de Conduit, Alderman, received by the hands of Andrew Horn, the Chamberlain, 40s., to the use of Walter, son of John le Rede.
Afterwards, viz., on Saturday before the Epiphany [6 Jan.], 20 Edward II. [A.D. 1326-7], the aforesaid sum of 40s. was delivered, by the assent of Sir Richard de Betoyne and the Aldermen, to Geoffrey de Langele, "bocher," of Westchepe, and Peter Rede, brother of the aforesaid Walter, in trust for the said Walter.
Friday after the Feast of St. Peter ad Vincula [1 Aug.], 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1325], came Peter de "Gosberkyrk," draper, before Hamo de Chiggewelle, the Mayor, Robert de Swalclif, John Poyntel, and Henry de Seccheford, Aldermen, and found security for the sum of 100 marks bequeathed to John, son of Simon de Abyndone. Surety, viz., John de Nonnes.
Afterwards, viz., on Monday after the Feast of St. Lucia [13 Dec.], 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1325], for the greater security of the above 100 marks bequeathed to John, son of Simon de Abyndone, came Robert Persone, "peleter," John de Polteneye, draper, and Roger de Lenne, "vineter," to the Husting before Hamo de Chiggewelle, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and bound themselves in the same manner as John de Nonnes on behalf of Peter de "Goseberkyrk."
Friday before the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1325], William le Latoner, John Albon, and Richard le Gaunt' sworn to keep the Conduit, the keys of which were delivered to them.
Assignment by Richard de Benstede, wax-chandler, and Margery his wife, to William de Bokkynge, "plomer," and Agnes his wife, of their life interest in a tenement formerly belonging to William de Sabrichesworth in the parish of St. Martin Orgar de Candelwykstrete, and situate near the tenements of William de Brikyndone, "stokfisshmongere," and Juliana la Barbere, paying to the Prior and Convent of the New Hospital of St. Mary without Bisshopesgate the yearly sum of 52s., out of which certain payments were due to Master Simon de Caunterberi, carpenter, and John de Mockynge. Witnesses, Hamo de Chigewelle, Mayor, John de Caustone and "Beneyt" de Fulsham, Sheriffs, Walter de "Pappewrth," then Alderman [of the Ward (fn. 3) ], Peter de "Stoundone," Richard ate Diche, and John de Wync[estre], "plomers." Dated Friday after the Translation of St. Martin [4 July], 18 Edward II. [A.D. 1325].
Tuesday after the Feast of St. Luke [18 Oct.], 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1325], came Gilbert de Lesnes and John de Dallynge, junior, again, as appears in the paper of recognizances, anno 18 Edward II., and acknowledged themselves bound to Gilbert de Brauncestre in the sum of 13 marks; and inasmuch as the latter was under age and could not give an acquittance to the aforesaid Gilbert and John, there came William Mountagu and Juliana, relict of Richard le Joignour, and bound themselves to save harmless the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty, as also the above Gilbert and John, &c.
In the Husting held on Monday after the Feast of St. Luke [18 Oct.], 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1325], Nicholas de Farndone and Reginald de Conduit, Aldermen, and Edmund Cosyn and Thomas Prentiz were appointed auditors of the account of John Sterre and Roger ate Vigne, Wardens of the Bridge, &c.
Friday after the Feast of St. Lucia [13 Dec.], 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1325], John Albon and Richard le Gaunt removed from the custody of the Conduit, and Geoffrey de Gedelestone, "cotiller," and Henry de Ware appointed in their place, together with Benedict of the Guildhall (de Gihalda).
Folio clxiii b.
Writ to the Sheriffs of London for the election of two representatives of the City to attend a Parliament (colloquium et tractatum) to be held at Westminster in the octave of St. Martin [11 Nov.]. (fn. 4) Dated at Westminster, 10 Oct., 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1325].
Letters patent under the Common Seal from H[amo] de Chigewelle, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the whole Commonalty, notifying the King of the election of Anketin de Gisorz and Henry de Sechford to attend the Parliament. Dated 16 Nov., 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1325]. (fn. 5)
Pleas of the Hall (aule) of the lord the King at the Tower of London before T[homas ?] le Blunt, Steward and Marshal of the King's House, (fn. 6) Thursday before the Feast of St. Margaret [20 July], 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1325].
John de Caustone, one of the Sheriffs of London, attached to answer the lord the King touching a contempt within the verge, &c. Alan de Lek, serjeant-herbergeour of the King's household, who prosecutes, says that when, on the King and his household coming to the Tower on Monday after the Translation of St. Thomas the Martyr [7 July], he the said Alan had, as in duty bound, allotted to a certain Richard de Ayremynne, (fn. 7) secretary to the lord the King, the house of the said John de Caustone at Billyngesgate, and in token thereof had marked the house with chalk according to custom, and had placed therein the retinue of the said Richard, the said Sheriff came and in the presence of the lord the King, and within the verge, maliciously removed the mark and turned out the retinue, in contempt of the lord the King to the extent of £1,000. The Sheriff pleads not guilty and demands a jury. A day given, &c. The Mayor and citizens thereupon plead the charter of King Henry III., which declares that no one should take a hostel by force within the walls of the City, or in Portesokne, or by delivery of the Marshal, (fn. 8) which charter had been confirmed by charter of the present King dated at York, 8 June, the twelfth year of his reign. They further plead the King's amplification of their liberties, which were not to be forfeited by non-user, (fn. 9) and they proffer the King's writ to his Steward and Marshal bidding them not to molest the citizens. And they say that by virtue of the aforesaid grants such livery of hostels at the King's coming into the City was accustomed to be made by the Mayor, Sheriffs, and officers of the City in the presence of the Marshal of the House and by none other. They therefore ask that this liberty be allowed them. Thereupon a day is given for hearing judgment. All parties appear. The jurors find the aforesaid John not guilty of the contempt with which he was charged, he therefore goes sine die, &c. And because it was testified before the King and his Council by John de Westminster, late Marshal of the House, that in times past such liveries in the City had been accustomed to be made by the Mayor, Sheriffs, and officers of the City in the presence of the Marshal and by none other, it was agreed that the aforesaid Mayor and citizens should in future use the same liberty, saving the right of the King, &c.
Acquittance by Nicholas de Debeneye, "formager," (fn. 10) and Mary his wife, daughter of Geoffrey de Brandone, late mercer, to Sir Robert, the parson of the chapel of Iselyngham, Alice, late wife of the aforesaid Geoffrey, William de Elsynge, mercer, and Thomas de Grauntebrigge, executors of the said Geoffrey, for property left to the aforesaid Mary by her father. Witnesses, John de Orleton, (fn. 11) John Knapwed, Nicholas de Grenewiz, John de Strode, John de Colewelle, mercer, Richard le Coffrer, Geoffrey le Cotel[er], William de St. Alban, John Potyn, Ralph de Braghinge, Ralph Pycot, John le Tableter, William de Corvedale, clerk, and others [not named]. Dated in St. Laurence lane in the Jewry, Sunday before the Feast of St. Edmund the King [20 Nov.], 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1325].
Thursday the eve of St. Nicholas [6 Dec.], 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1325], came Walter de Mordone before Hamo de Chiggewelle, the Mayor, Robert de Swalclif, Reginald de Conduit, and Roger le Palmere, Aldermen, and Andrew Horn, the Chamberlain, and acknowledged that he had in his hands the following goods belonging to the children of Paulin Turk, viz., three lasts of herrings, two silver dishes, and £6 10s. in money, all of which the said Walter was ordered to deliver to John de Comptone, guardian of the said children.
Folio clxiv b.
Tuesday after the Feast of St. Lucia [13 Dec.], 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1325], the guardianship of John, Peter, Elena, and Cristina, children of Paulin Turk, committed to John de Comptone, fishmonger, by Hamo de Chiggewell, the Mayor, and the Aldermen. Sureties, viz., William de Prestone, "weder," (fn. 12) and William de Bronne, ironmonger.
Acquittance under the Common Seal by Hamo de Chigewelle, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the rest of the citizens to Roger ate Vigne and John Sterre, Wardens of London Bridge, on their account to Michaelmas last. Dated Tuesday before the Feast of St. Thomas [21 Dec.], 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1325].
Saturday after the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 5 Edward III. [A.D. 1331], at the request of William Bronne and William de Prestone, it was agreed by the Mayor and Aldermen that John de Comptone should not be released from Neugate, where he was being detained for certain reasons by the Sheriff, until he had satisfied the children of Paulin Turk according to the custom of the City.
At the Husting for Pleas of Land held on Monday before the Feast of St. Mark [25 April], 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1326], came Peter de Gosberkirke, being warned by Peter de Hungrie, Serjeant of the Chamber, at the order of Hamo de Chiggewelle, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and delivered to the said Mayor and Aldermen the sum of 100 marks which had been left by Simon de Abyndone to John his son, and prayed an acquittance for himself and his sureties. Thereupon came John de Caustone and Eva his wife, principal executrix of the said Simon and testamentary guardian of the said John, and prayed that the money might be delivered to them, and this was granted, the said John de Caustone finding the following sureties, viz., Richard de Hakeneye, Alderman, Benedict de Fulsham, Thomas de Evenefeld, "spicer," and Richard Ruthyn, mercer, the aforesaid Peter de Gosberkirke and his sureties being released.
Thursday after the Feast of St. John ante portam Latinam [6 May], 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1326], the guardianship of Isabella, daughter of Andrew de Faisceby, Marshal (marescalli), committed by Hamo de Chigewelle, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, to Mary, the mother of the said Isabella, the said Mary finding sureties, viz., William and John, sons of John de Honylane.
Folio clxv b.
Lease by Edward le Blount, son of John le Blount, to Morice Turgis, draper, of his seld in Westchepe, situate near the seld of Robert de Hagham and the tenement late belonging to Aleyn de Sutton; to hold the same from Michaelmas last for life and for one year after his decease at an annual rent of £4. Witnesses, Robert de Hagham, Knt., Ralph de Uptone, Walter Miriet, John de Someresham, Adam "Inthelane," &c. Dated Sunday the Feast of the Conception B. M. [8 Dec.], 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1325].
Lease by William Trugge, girdler, to Robert (de) Wynehelme, girdler, of a tenement situate near the tenement of Robert de Worstede, and rents in Aldermanberi in the parish of St. Laurence Jewry, excepting a portion of a tenement held by Robert de Dodeford and "Eleyne" his wife, widow of Adam Trugge, father of the said William; to hold the same in satisfaction of a debt for a term of ten years. Dated the eve of Easter [7 April], 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1326].
Extract from the will of Thomas Romeyn, proved in the Husting for Pleas of Land held on Monday the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 6 Edward II. [A.D. 1312-13], (fn. 13) touching a bequest to the Chamber of the Guildhall of 20s. annual quitrent issuing from his tenement in Sopereslane.
Folio clxvi b.
At the Husting for Pleas of Land held on Monday before the Feast of St. John ante portam Latinam [6 May], 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1326], the guardianship of Margery and Juliana, daughters of Elias, son of Matthew le Chaundeler de Candelwykstrete, was committed to John le Neve de Candelwykstrete, with the assent of Matilda Abraham, their grandmother, by Hamo de Chiggewelle, the Mayor, and the Aldermen. Sureties, viz., Robert de Hatfeld, "burler," and Robert le Yonge, "burler." Mention made of Roger de Depham.
Letters patent addressed to the Sheriffs of London bidding them to cause proclamation to be made of ordinances regulating the Staple of England, Ireland, and Wales. Dated at Kenilworth, 1 May, 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1326]. (fn. 14)
Folio clxvii b.
Letter of Privy Seal addressed to Hamo de Chigewelle, the Mayor, acknowledging the receipt of his letter informing the King of the fact that Flemings, Brabanters, and other foreigners had been seizing all the teasels (cardouns), "bure," (fn. 15) madder, woad, fuller's earth, and other materials for making cloth that they could lay hands on in order to subvert the Staple, and that he (the Mayor) had arrested 20 tuns (toneux) that had been shipped for abroad. The King commends his action and charges him to arrest all materials of the kind passing through the City for the purpose of being shipped abroad to the injury of the Staple. Dated at Saltwode, (fn. 16) 21 May, 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1326].
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs that they make proclamation within the City against the exportation of "taseles" and fuller's earth. Witness the King at Saltwode, 30 May, 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1326]. (fn. 17)
Writ to the same, bidding them to select two citizens engaged in the trade of wool, leather, woolfels, and tin, the Staple of which commodities had been appointed to be held in certain places, and not elsewhere, and to cause them to appear at the house of the Preaching Friars on the morrow of St. Barnabas [11 June], before Hamo de Chigewelle, the Mayor, John de Cherleton, Reginald de Conduit, and Henry Darcy, merchants of the City of London, and John de Flynt and John de Hales, merchants of Norwich, for them to select one to be Mayor of the Staples aforesaid. Witness the King at Croydon, 24 May, 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1326].
Saturday after the Feast of St. Peter ad Vincula [1 Aug.], 20 Edward II. [A.D. 1326], came Peter Moles, merchant of "Meilorg'," (fn. 18) before Hamo de Chigewelle, the Mayor, Robert de Swalclif, Roger le Palmere, Richard de Hakeneie, and Henry de Seccheford, Aldermen, and Andrew Horn, the Chamberlain, and pledged himself to save harmless Stephen de Bercote and John de Writle for having disobeyed a summons to appear before the King.
Folios: clxviii b.
Letter [from the Mayor, &c., of the City] to the King praying him not to remove the tron for wool to the New Temple, which lay outside the City, (fn. 19) and was a difficult place to bring wool to by river, especially in time of frost. Dated 30 July, 20 Edward II. [A.D. 1326].
Writ to the Sheriffs of London that they proclaim the King's will that the ordinances of the Staple made by Edward II. be upheld, notwithstanding his having made an exception in favour of certain merchants who had promised to assist him in his war with Scotland with 300 woolfels out of every last of skins. Witness the King at York, 1 March, 2 Edward III. [A.D. 1327-8].
Saturday before the Feast of St. James [25 July], 9 Edward III. [A.D. 1335], came Stephen, son of Simon de Abyndone, before Reginald de Conduit, the Mayor, John de Grantham, Gregory de Nortone, John Hamond, Richard de Hakeneye, and Henry de Secheford, Aldermen, and acknowledged satisfaction for the sum of 100 marks due to him on the death of John his brother by bequest of Simon his father, and he quitclaimed John de Caustone and Eva his wife, mother of the said Stephen and John.
Folio clxix b.
At the Husting held on Monday before the Feast of St. Edmund the King [20 Nov.], 5 Edward III. [A.D. 1331], came John de Dallynge, junior, executor of Henry Burel, and prayed that the wardship of John, the only surviving son of Henry Burel, now aged seven years, the other son having died, might be taken into the hands of the Court, now that John Somer, who had formerly been appointed guardian, (fn. 20) had died without devising the wardship. Thereupon precept to the Chamberlain to take the said wardship into the City's hands.
Afterwards, viz., at the Husting held on Monday after the Feast of St. Nicholas [6 Dec.], came the aforesaid John de Dallinge and prayed that the wardship might be committed to him, which was granted. Sureties, viz., John de Aylesham and Thomas de Cauntebr[igge], mercer. The sureties of John Somer, viz., William Pikerel, John de Bredstrete, and Hugh de Depedene, discharged by the Court.
Afterwards, viz., on Monday before the Feast of St. Margaret [20 July], 7 Edward III. [A.D. 1333], a question having been raised as to a rent-charge on a certain shop, the property of the above infant, payable to Edmund de Coventre, an inquest was held on the Friday after the Feast of St. Mary Magdalen [22 July], 7 Edward III. [A.D. 1333], on the oath of Nicholas atte Mersshe, Roger de Wenlok, Theobald de Caustone, Simon de Gartone, John de Aylesham, Robert de Wyttele, Thomas de Worstede, Nicholas de Caustone, John de Colewell, Simon de Hyndringham, William de Elsinge, junior, and Thomas de Cantebrigge, junior, and the rent-charge was allowed.
Writ of Privy Seal addressed to the Mayor and Sheriffs of London, enclosing a form of proclamation to be made in the City, calling for assistance against Roger de Mortimer and other of the King's enemies who had entered the kingdom, (fn. 21) and offering a reward for his head. Dated at the Tower, 28 Sept., 20 Edward II. [A.D. 1326]. (fn. 22)
Folio clxx b.
Writ to the Mayor of London and to the clerk appointed to receive recognizances of debts in the City according to the form of the Statute formerly (dudum) promulgated at Westminster, (fn. 23) bidding them see that the form of the Statute is duly observed, notwithstanding an ordinance recently passed by certain great ones of the realm to the effect that the aforesaid Statute should only have effect as between merchant and merchant and their goods. (fn. 24) Dated at Westminster, 23 July, 20 [Edward II., A.D. 1326].