Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: E, 1314-1337. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1903.
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Record of the will of William Delle having been proved and enrolled in the Husting of London for Pleas of Land held on Monday the morrow of St. Luke [18 Oct.], 32 Edward I. [A.D. 1304]. (fn. 1)
The above will was delivered to Helewysia, widow and executrix of the said William Delle, in the presence of John de Prestone, the Mayor, John de Pulteneye, and others [not named], on Friday the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 7 Edward III. [A.D. 1332-3].
Delivery of Infangenthef made before John de "Polteneye," Mayor, William de Brykelesworth and John de Northhall, Sheriffs, Reginald de Conduit, Henry Darcy, Henry de Coumbemartyn, John de Oxon', John de Caustone, Richard de Hakeneye, John Hamond, Simon Fraunceys, Richard Costantyn, Richard de Rothyng, William de Caustone, Walter de Mordone, and Nicholas Crane, Aldermen, on Friday before the Feast of St. Martin [11 Nov.], 10 Edward III. [A.D. 1336].
John, son of Robert Peny, and Richard Ford de Tauntone taken at the suit of Thomas de Debenham, "skynnere," with the mainour of a fur of "Bevre" and two furs of budge (bugeto) worth 20s., which they had feloniously taken in the parish of St. Pancras in the Ward of Cheap on Tuesday after the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov.], 10 Edward III. [A.D. 1336], whereof he appeals them. (fn. 2) Pledges for prosecution, viz., Richard de Hibernia, "taillour," and William Marchaunt, "nedelere." The said John and Richard say they are in no wise guilty of the felony, and put themselves on the country for good and ill. The jury comes by Philip le Barber, Thomas de Messyngham, "taillour," Thomas de Lincoln, "peleter," John de Oxon', "peleter," Robert de St. John, Henry de Ware, Ranulf de la Marche, "taillour," John del Barnet, "girdeler," Thomas Hauteyn, Geoffrey de Wynchecoumbe, Roger Sauvage, armourer, and Henry de Shawe, who say on oath that the said John and Richard are guilty. Therefore [let them be] hanged. Chattels none.
Folio ccxli b.
John le Whyte de Cauntebrigge, "skynnere," taken at the suit of Geoffrey Punte de London, mercer, with the mainour, viz., of rings of gold and silver, pearls, linen thread, bracelets (braccal'), tablets, and other goods and chattels to the value of 100s., feloniously taken by night from his shop at the corner of St. Laurence Lane in the Jewry on Friday before the Epiphany [6 Jan.], the aforesaid year, and for burglary of his shop (de burgar' shope), of which the said Geoffrey appeals him. Pledges for prosecution, viz., John atte Barnet and Richard le Mirourer. The said John says that he is in no wise guilty, and puts himself on the country for good and ill. The jury comes by Philip Gentil, Roger de Astwod, Thomas Potyn, Nicholas de Reygate, Stephen le Cotiller, William de Grubbelane, William de Nasyng, Walter le Wayte, Simon de Herlawe, Richard le Mirourer, John Wygod, and John Russel, who say that he is guilty. Therefore [let him be] hanged. Chattels none. (fn. 3)
Desiderata de Toryntone taken at the suit of John Baret de Bydene, co. "Barkshirie," for a robbery of silver plate, of the value of £40, belonging to Dame Alice de Lisle (de Insula), his mistress, in the hostel of the Bishop of Salisbury in Fletestrete, whereof he appeals her. Forty dishes and twelve salt-cellars were found upon her (super ipsam). Pledges for prosecution, viz., William de Toppesfeld and Reginald de Thorpe. The accused says she is not guilty, and puts herself on the country for good and ill. The jury comes by Walter atte Slogh, Simon le Armourer, William de Waltham, William Deveneys, John atte Belle, Gilbert atte More, Thomas de Northhalle, John Elys, Geoffrey Lefhogge, Robert Pycard, Richard Rofot, and Thomas de Banham, who say on oath that the said Desiderata is guilty. Therefore [let her be] hanged. Chattels none. (fn. 4)
The form prescribed for assessment in levying the fifteenth granted by the Parliament held at Westminster the morrow of the Nativity B. M. [8 Sept.], 6 Edward III. [A.D. 1332]. (fn. 5)
Folio ccxlii b.
Monday the Feast of the Decollation of St. John Bapt. [29 Aug.]. 9 Edward III. [A.D. 1335], John de Shirbourne elected Common Clerk of the City by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty, and sworn, he to receive the sum of £10 per annum for his trouble.
Thursday before the Feast of St. Martin "in Yeme" [11 Nov.], 9 Edward III. [A.D. 1335], came Alice, widow of John de Bricheford, (fn. 6) goldsmith, into the Chamber of the Guildhall, before Reginald de Conduit, the Mayor, Gregory de Nortone and Anketin de Gisors, Aldermen, and Henry de Seccheford, Alderman and Chamberlain, and acknowledged that she had received the goods, chattels, &c., bequeathed to Henry and Thomas, sons of the said John de Bricheford, in trust for them during their minority. Sureties, viz., Robert de Wyke, goldsmith, Robert de Herlawe, "sadelere," and Stephen le Frensshe.
Be it remembered that on Friday the octave of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 9 Edward III. [A.D. 1335], Nicholas de Abyndone was elected Serjeant of the Chamber of the Guildhall by the Mayor and Aldermen, and sworn, &c., he receiving 40s. per annum for his service.
Be it remembered that at the Husting held on Monday before the Feast of the Conversion of St. Paul [25 Jan.], 9 Edward III. [A.D. 1335-6], Thomas de Maryns, apothecary, was elected Chamberlain of the Guildhall by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty, and sworn, &c., he receiving £10 per annum for his trouble.
Writ of certiorari to the Mayor and Sheriffs touching the right of Burellers of Candelwykestrete (fn. 7) to exercise their craft in the City without becoming members of the Weavers' Guild. (fn. 8) Witness the King at Carlisle, 28 July, 9 Edward III. [A.D. 1335].
Folio ccxliii b.
Letter under the Common Seal from Reginald de Conduit, Mayor, and the Commonalty of the City of London, to the Stewards, Bailiffs, &c., of the Fair of St. Botolph, (fn. 9) notifying the appointment of John de Grantham, John Hamond, Andrew Aubry, Thomas de Swanlond, William de Cave, Bartholomew Deumars, Richard de Lincoln, William de Braughyng, and Michael de Caustone, as the City's attorneys at the Fair. Dated 5 Aug., 9 Edward III. [A.D. 1335].
The account of Henry de Seccheford, the Chamberlain of the Guildhall, rendered on Monday the eve of St. Peter ad Vincula [1 Aug.], 9 Edward III. [A.D. 1335], before John de Caustone and Ralph de Uptone, Aldermen, John de Dallynge and Richard de Weleford, Commoners, appointed by the Mayor and Commonalty on Saturday before the Feast of SS. Philip and James [1 May], the aforesaid year, to audit the said account and make allowances due, viz., from the Feast of Nativ. St. John Bapt. [24 June], 6 Edward III. [A.D. 1332], up to the Feast of St. Peter ad Vincula, anno 9, that is to say, for three years, five weeks, and two days.
The expenditure comprises fees paid to Gregory de Nortone, the Recorder, Hugh de Waltham, and others; presents sent to the Duke of Brittany and the Archbishop; and the sum of £19 6s. 10½d. expended on the Guildhall.
Pleas held before Reginald de Conduit, Mayor, John de Pulteneye, John de Grantham, Gregory de Nortone, Andrew Aubry, John de Caustone, Richard le Lacer, Ralph de Uptone, and Henry de Seccheford, Aldermen, and John de Hynxtone, Sheriff, Monday after the Feast of St. Andrew [30 Nov.], 8 Edward III. [A.D. 1334].
William de Mordone, "stokfisshmongere," attached to answer a charge of having broken a sequestration made upon his goods by John de Ry, serjeant of Walter Turk, one of the Sheriffs, for refusing to pay the amount at which he was assessed for providing an armed force to go to Scotland for the King. The accused could not deny the charge, and was therefore committed to prison, &c., until he should have paid fine according to custom. Thereupon the Mayor and Aldermen were forthwith informed that the aforesaid William de Mordone had declared on a certain day that before he would pay the aforesaid assessment made for the good of the lord the King and of the City he would secure forty men who were prepared to drag the better and wealthier men of the City from their houses and have them decapitated outside. Being asked how he would acquit himself, the said William declared himself not guilty and put himself on the country. A jury accordingly summoned, and in the meanwhile the said William is committed to prison, &c. On a day appointed the jury comes by Adam Lucas and others [not named] on the panel, &c. Thereupon the said William acknowledged the charge and put himself on the mercy of the Mayor and Aldermen. He is therefore committed. Afterwards he made fine of 100s. for breaking the sequestration, by mainprise of Robert Swote and Adam Lucas, and was delivered in bail (in ballium) to Robert Swote, Adam Lucas, John de Mockynge, Alan Gille, Ralph de Lenne, John de Croydone, John Turk, Henry Monqoi, John Wrotham, Robert Hakeneye, William Box, and Henry Wymond to produce him from Husting to Husting to hear judgment, &c.
Folio ccxliv b.
Information given to the said Mayor, Aldermen, and Chamberlain by Walter de Mordone, the next friend of the children of Paulin Turk, that John de Comptone, fishmonger, to whom the guardianship of the said children had been committed, inasmuch as he had married the widow of the said Paulin (fn. 10) and mother of the said children, had wasted their property, and left the City. Thereupon precept to Peter de Hungrie, Serjeant of the Chamber, to summon the said John to appear on Friday before the Feast of St. Lucia [13 Dec.], to render an account, on which day the said Peter testified that the said John could not be found and had no property in the City whereby he could be attached. Thereupon precept for the appearance of William de Bronne, ironmonger ("ferron"), and William de Prestone, "woder," who were sureties for the said John, to show cause why the sum of £21 13s. 4d., the property of the said children, delivered upon their surety, should not be levied on their goods and chattels. The Serjeant made return that he had duly summoned William [de] Bronne by Henry de Ware and Bartholomew le Cotiller; and William de Prestone by Robert le Treyere and Geoffrey de Wyntertone, but on the day named they failed to appear. Accordingly an order distringas against Tuesday next after the Feast of St. Hillary [13 Jan.]. On their again failing to appear, an order distringas per magnam districcionem (fn. 11) against Friday next, the process being continued until Friday after the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 9 Edward III. [A.D. 1334-5]; on which day they came and said that they were not bound to answer because the aforesaid John de Comptone had recently been attached and committed to Neugate until released by mainprise of Gilbert Cros, "pessoner," and John de Boseworth, senior, and they claimed to be released from their mainprise. The Court not being satisfied, they made further answer to the effect that there were only two surviving children of the said Paulin, named John and Elena, (fn. 12) and as to their legacies the Chamberlain had, at the suit of Walter de Mordone, levied a sum of money on certain tenements held in London by the said John de Comptone by the courtesy of England (per curialitatem Anglie), and had taken the said tenements into the City's hand, and they pray that this money be taken into account. These statements the Chamberlain denies, and both parties demand a jury. The jury comes by Richard de Herkstede, John Gubbe, Robert le Shether, Richard Cas, Richard Turk, Simon Fenn, John atte Hill, Stephen Talp, Roger de York, John Ruddoke, Robert de Derby, and Robert le Ropere, who say on oath that the Chamberlain had made no such levy, nor had taken into the City's hand the tenements of John de Comptone; but they say that John, son of Paulin Turk, has (inter alia) a certain house in St. Clement's Lane of the yearly value of 16s., and another house in St. Botolph Lane of the yearly value of 8s., subject to a debt of 10s. due to John atte Hulle. Judgment given to the effect that the Chamberlain cause the money due to the said children to be levied on the goods and chattels of the mainpernors aforesaid, except the sum of 31s., concerning which curia vult consuli.
Afterwards, viz., on Monday after the Feast of the Conversion of St. Paul [25 Jan.], 10 Edward III. [A.D. 1335 6], came the aforesaid William de Prestone and William [de] Bronne and paid £6 16s. 8d. in respect of the legacies to John "Poul" [sic] and Elena his sister, the surviving children of the aforesaid "Paul," to Walter de Mordone as their next friend, the said Walter finding sureties, viz., Simon de Mereworth, Thomas de Wynchestre, William de Braughynge, and Thomas de Sewel.
Folio ccxlv b.
Writ for the election of two representatives of the City to attend a Parliament to be held at Westminster on Monday after Sunday in mid-Lent. (fn. 13) Dated at Berwick-on-Tweed, 22 Jan., 9 Edward III. [A.D. 1335-6].
Lease by William, son of William de Gartone, late mercer, to Robert de Hecham, mercer, and Sabine de Gartone his wife, mother of the lessor, of tenements in the parish of St. Antonin, situate near the tenements of Simon Corp and Richard de Betoyne; to hold the same for a term of seven years at an annual rent of 2 marks. Witnesses, William de Caustone, William de Elsynge, Nicholas atte Mersshe, Nicholas de Grenewyche, John de Strode, and others [not named]. Dated Christmas Day, 9 Edward III. [A.D. 1335].
Letters patent from the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty under the Common Seal to the King, notifying the election of Henry de Secheford and Thomas de Chetyngdone to attend the Parliament at Westminster on mid-Lent Sunday. Dated 9 March, 10 Edward III. [A.D. 1335-6].
Letters patent addressed to the Mayor, Aldermen, Sheriffs, Bailiffs, and Commonalty of the City, notifying the appointment of William de Caustone and William Haunsard as collectors of the fifteenth and tenth granted in the last Parliament. Witness the King at Waltham, 6 April, 10 Edward III. [A.D. 1336].
A general release granted by John de Pulteneye, the Mayor, Aldermen, and the rest of the citizens to Anketin de Gisors and Robert Swote, late Wardens of London Bridge. Dated 16 Dec., 10 Edward III. [A.D. 1336].
Folio ccxlvi b.
Writ to the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer to the effect that the Mayor and Commonalty of the City had complained that whereas they had paid the King the sum of 1,100 marks in respect of the City's portion of the fifteenth lately granted by the Commons of the realm, and had afterwards willingly offered 500 marks towards the war in Scotland, the said Treasurer and Barons, falsely pretending that the Mayor and Commonalty had made fine to the King in the above sums, had demanded from them 110 marks in respect of the fifteenth and 50 marks in respect of the war to the use of Philippa, the Queen Consort, by way of Queen's gold. (fn. 14) This being unjust, the said Treasurer and Barons are ordered to withdraw the demand. Witness the King at the vill of St. John, (fn. 15) 1 July, 10 Edward III. [A.D. 1336]. (fn. 16)
Quitclaim by William le Marchal de London and Mary his wife to the Abbot and Convent of St. Mary Pre (de Pratis), near Leicester, of a messuage and shops in Smethefeld. Witnesses, Andrew Aubrey, William "of the castel," Philip Dikeman, Simon Nicol, Richard atte Gate, Henry Bonmarchee, Geoffrey atte Chirche, and others [not named]. Dated Monday after the Feast of St. James [25 July], 10 Edward III. [A.D. 1336].
Folio ccxlvii-ccxlvii b.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs that they inquire into a complaint made by the Weavers of London against Burellers of Candelwykestrete for exercising their craft without being members of the Weavers' Guild, and that they do therein what is right in conformity with chartered rights. Witness the King at Carlisle, 28 July, 9 Edward III. [A.D. 1335].
Thereupon came Edmund de Saumford and others of the craft of Weavers and complained of Richard de Manworth, Thomas de Sewell, Laurence de Sonynghulle, and John Morice, Burellers of Candelwykestrete. A day given, and both parties appear and are heard. The Burellers declare that they are not Weavers, but freemen of the City, and as such are entitled to carry on any trade or mistery; that they have servants, viz., John Beneyt, John atte Stone, John Halfpound, and Stephen le Leche, apprentices in the craft of Weavers and in their Guild, who are prepared to do all that behoves them as members of the Guild. The aforesaid Edmund and the rest plead their charter (as before) to the effect that no one in the City or in Suthewerk should meddle with the Weavers' craft unless a member of the Guild, under penalty prescribed, and as the said Burellers acknowledged that their servants meddled with the craft they were acting contrary to the charter. A further day given, when the Weavers produced the King's writ addressed to the Mayor and Sheriffs bidding them forthwith to make a return of all proceedings in the matter to the Chancellery, as previously commanded. The writ dated at Waltham, 10 April, 10 Edward III. [A.D. 1336]. Ideo loquela sine die.
Afterwards, viz., on Friday the Feast of St. Alphege [19 April], the. Burellers produced another writ addressed to the Mayor and Sheriffs, bidding them to continue their inquiry into the dispute that justice might be the sooner done. Writ dated at the Tower, 15 April.
Pursuant to the said writ, precept was given by the Mayor and Sheriffs to Nicholas de Abyndone, the Serjeant, to summon the parties for a certain day, on which day the Burellers came, but the Weavers made default, therefore let them take nothing, but be in mercy for a false claim, &c.
And because the aforesaid Edmund and the others sought to monopolize the craft of weaving cloth in the City, the Mayor, Sheriffs, Aldermen, and other of the more discreet men of the City, after grave consideration, ordained that thenceforth it should be lawful for all and singular freemen of the City to set up instruments and looms (utensilia (fn. 17) ) in their hostels and elsewhere, and to weave cloth and sell the same at their will, saving to the King his yearly ferm, and this in spite of any claim by the said Edmund and other Weavers to contravene such ordinance.
Folio ccxlviii b.
Letter of Geffrey de Say, "Ameraille" of the lord the King from the mouth of the Thames as far as the parts of the west, in favour of John Pope, who was about to take his ship called "Cokjohan," laden with wool, to Flanders. Dated at Berlynge, (fn. 18) 12 Aug.
Writ to the collectors of the custom on wool, hides, and woolfels in the port of the City of London, bidding them, for certain perils that were threatening, to keep the King's seal, known as the "Coket" (fn. 19) and used for the collection of custom dues in the said port, in some safe place under lock and seal, and not to allow any wool, hides, or woolfels to leave the port under any pretext. Witness the King at the vill of St. John, 12 Aug., 10 Edward III. [A.D. 1336]. (fn. 20)
Be it remembered that on Monday the Feast of St. Mary Magdalen [22 July], 10 Edward III. [A.D. 1336], it was agreed and granted by Reginald de Conduit, the Mayor, John de Grantham, John de Prestone, John de Oxon', John Hamond, Richard le Lacer, Gregory de Nortone, John de Caustone, Richard de Hakeneye, William de Caustone, Ralph de Uptone, Simon Fraunceis, Richard de Berkynge, Henry de Seccheford, John Hauteyn, Walter de Mordone, Andrew Aubry, Henry Darci, and Richard Costantyn, Aldermen, William Haunsard, John de Mockynge, Nicholas Pyke, Walter Turk, Roger de Ely, Henry Sterre, John Leche, Adam Brabazon, Adam Lucas, John Turk, Hugh de Mockynge, Reginald de Thorp, Michael Mynot, John Wroth, John Lovekyn, William de Thorneye, Roger de Bernes, Robert Swote, Henry Graspeys, William de Braughynge, John de Ware, Alan Gille, Robert le Ropere, Robert Fresfissh, John de Beltone, Henry Palmere, John de Wrotham, John de Triple, John de Greylond, John de Beltone [sic], and Richard Double, and other commoners [not named], for the common weal of the City and the preservation of London Bridge, that all rents appertaining to the said bridge in the place called "les Stokkes" be wholly levied by Walter Neel and Alan Gille, Wardens of the Bridge, any demise by former Wardens to any one notwithstanding, according to the terms of a commission set out and dated Monday after the Feast of St. James [25 July], 10 Edward III. [A.D. 1336]. (fn. 21)
Writ to the Sheriffs of London for the election of two discreet and powerful citizens to represent the City at a "colloquium" to be held at Notyngham on Monday after the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.] next. (fn. 22) Witness the King at the vill of St. John, 24 Aug., 10 Edward III. [A.D. 1336].
Folio ccxlix b.
Writ to the Mayor, Aldermen, Sheriffs, and Commonalty of the City for the election of four of the more discreet and sufficient wool merchants of the City to assist in the business to be transacted by the Prelates, Earls, Barons, and other magistrates of the realm summoned to meet on Monday after the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.] next at Notyngham. (fn. 23) Witness the King at the vill of St. John, 1 Sept., 10 Edward III. [A.D. 1336].
The King to the Mayor, Sheriffs, Aldermen, and the Commonalty of the City, commending to their notice Roger de Swynnerton, whom he was sending to them on important business. Witness the King at the vill of St. John, 7 Sept., 10 Edward III. [A.D. 1336].
Another copy of the writ to the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer, forbidding them to exact Queen's gold on certain sums paid by the City, and dated from the vill of St. John, 1 July, 10 Edward III. [A.D. 1336]. (fn. 24)
Be it remembered that on Friday before the Feast of the Exaltation of H. Cross [14 Sept.], 10 Edward III. [A.D. 1336], Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, in the presence of Reginald de Conduit, the Mayor, and Gregory de Nortone, the Recorder, delivered to Roger de Depham and John de Hardyngham, clerks to the Sheriffs, two writs, viz., one with the Great Seal and the other with the Privy Seal, for payment to Master Paul de Montefiore (de Monte Florum) of 1,100 marks for the fifteenth granted to the King in the eighth year of his reign, and two letters of acquittance of the said Paul, to carry the same to the Exchequer for an allowance to be made for the said money; also a writ of the Great Seal and a writ of the Exchequer for 500 marks for the war and tallies for the same. (fn. 25)
Writ to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Sheriffs of London for raising and equipping a force of 7,200 men to assist in defending the kingdom against foreigners, pursuant to an order passed in the great Council at that time assembled at Notyngham (jam apud Notyngham convocato). (fn. 26) Witness the King at Leycestre, 3 Oct., 10 Edward III. [A.D. 1336].
Folio ccl b.
Precept to Peter de Hungrie, Serjeant, to summon Agnes, widow of Richard de Welleford, who had been appointed guardian of John and Alice, children of the said Richard, on the 4th May, 7 Edward II. [A.D. 1314], (fn. 27) to appear before the Mayor and Chamberlain on Wednesday before the Feast of St. Margaret [20 July] next to answer for the children's estate. On the day named, the said Agnes being reported dead, precept was issued to the Serjeant to summon her heirs, executors, and tenants. Return made that she had no heirs nor executors nor lands nor tenements within the liberties of the City, but a certain Isabella, late wife of Hamo Godchep, a tenant of the said Agnes, had been summoned to appear. On appearing the said Isabella declared that as a tenant she ought not to be responsible, inasmuch as the said Agnes had bound neither herself nor her tenements. The Court thereupon ordered the mainpernors of the said Agnes, viz., William de Furneys and William de Bray, "stokfisshmongere," to appear on Friday after the Feast of St. James [25 July]; on which day came William de Furneys, who testified that William de Bray was dead; the latter's executors were therefore summoned to appear on Wednesday after the Feast of St. Peter ad Vincula [1 Aug.]. Accordingly the said William de Furneys and William, son and heir of the said William de Bray, appeared together with the said Isabella, who asked that the will of the aforesaid Richard might be examined to see whether or no and in what terms the guardianship of the children may have been devised. (fn. 28) This having been done, the Court adjudges the said Isabella to be quit and takes time to consider how the children should obtain satisfaction from William de Furneys and William, son of William de Bray.