Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: F, 1337-1352. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1904.
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Tuesday after the Feast of St. Dunstan [19 May], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345], came Robert le Foundour before Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, and committed the guardianship of Alice senior, daughter of Robert de Wodeham, and her patrimony, to Amy her mother, according to the terms of the will of the said Robert, providing for his daughters named respectively Alice senior and Alice junior, and Geoffrey his son, the last mentioned being committed to the custody of John de Ideshale, saddler. Sureties for the said Robert, viz., Thomas West, girdler, and John de Botesham, saddler.
Folio ci b.
Monday the morrow of H. Trinity [22 May], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345], Robert de Hamme, John de Coule, Henry Beauflour, Thomas de Bray, senior, Roger Godchepe, Thomas Barber, Peter Chate, and Richard le Yonge, elected and sworn brokers of wool.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation for the contingent of men-at-arms and archers ordered to proceed to Brittany under William de Bohun, Earl of Norhamptone, (fn. 1) to proceed to Portesmuthe so as to be there by Monday or Tuesday next. Witness the King at Westminster, 4 June, 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345].
Writ to the Sheriffs to levy the sum of 50 marks on the property of the Commonalty of London as being due to Queen Philippa as Queen's gold from a fine of 500 marks for respite of an Iter lately summoned at the Tower, and to pay the same to John de Estone, the Queen's Receiver. Witness W[illiam] de Stowe at Westminster, 27 May, 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345].
Thursday the eve of the Nativity St. John Bapt. [24 June], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345], the bailiwick of Suthewerk granted to Robert Hamond by the Mayor and Chamberlain, at a rent of £10 10s. Sureties for the said Robert, viz., Walter de Mordone, "stokfisshmongere," John Lyoun, "furbour," Thomas atte Vine, woolmonger, and William Palmere, tapicer.
At an assembly of the Mayor and Aldermen in the Guildhall on Monday the morrow of H. Trinity [22 May], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345], there being present John Hamond, the Mayor, Henry Darci, Andrew Aubrey, Simon Fraunceys, Roger de Depham, Richard Lacer, Walter Turk, John de Northhalle, William de Poumfreyt, Richard de Berkinge, Thomas Leggy, and John Syward, Aldermen, and Geoffrey de Wychingham, (fn. 2) Sheriff, Henry Wymond, William de Elsynge, Richard de Lincoln, John de Croydon, John de Enefeld, John de Bedeford, Nicholas atte Marsshe, William de Henhampstede, John de Kelyngworth, Edmund de Hemenhale, Roger de Wodhulle, Roger Carpenter, William de Iford, Henry Fannere, Walter de Billyngham, and many other Commoners, the following ordinances (fn. 3) were passed, viz.:-
Ordinance prescribing tolls to be exacted from carters carrying timber, coal, stone, chalk, heavy goods (averia ponderis (fn. 4)) or other wares, to and from the port of Douuegate, and appointing certain carters to cleanse the said port. (fn. 5)
Folio cii b.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation to the effect that William de Bohun, Earl of Northampton, had set sail for Brittany, and that Henry de Lancaster, Earl of Derby, was about to set out for Gascony, and that all men-at-arms and archers who were to accompany the latter should at once proceed to Suthamptone. Witness the King at Westminster, 11 June, 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345].
Proclamation made at the Leaden Hall for regulating the sale of poultry, Saturday before Palm Sunday [20 March]. (fn. 6)
Further regulations for the sale of poultry made at a Congregation of the Mayor and Aldermen on Friday before the Feast of St. George [23 April], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345], there being present John Hamond, the Mayor, Henry Darci, Andrew Aubrey, Simon Fraunceys, Roger de Depham, Richard Lacer, William de Caustone, John de Caustone, John de Northhalle, William de Thorneye, William de Poumfreyt, Bartholomew Deumars, Walter Neel, Walter Turk, Thomas Leggy, John de Mockynge, Richard de Berkynge, Walter de Mordone, John Syward, and John de Ayllesham, Aldermen. (fn. 7)
8 July, 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345], a letter, under the seal of the Mayoralty, sent to the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's, complaining of the deficiency of chantry priests to perform the duties of chantries founded by citizens in the City's "Mother Church." (fn. 8)
Thursday the Feast of Translation of St. Thomas the Martyr, viz., 7 July, 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345], the Abbot of St. Alban paid, by the hands of Adam de Wyttenham, a fellow-monk, to Sir Reginald de Cobham, Knt., the sum of 80 marks, which sum Friar John de Arderne, of the Order of St. Augustine, received on Sir Reginald's behalf, and therefor gave an acquittance; but inasmuch as it was not stated in the acquittance that the said sum of 80 marks formed part of a sum of 1,000 marks due by the said Abbot to the said Sir Reginald under a recognizance in the King's Common Bench, the acquittance is here entered at the request of all parties, in the presence of Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, William de Iford, Richard de Waltham, clerk, and others [not named], and the aforesaid Friar John covenants to make a more perfect acquittance to the said Sir Reginald on the latter's return to England.
Folio ciii b.
Wednesday before the Translation of St. Thomas the Martyr [7 July], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345], William de Greyngham elected and sworn Serjeant of the Chamber at 40s. per annum, in the presence of John Hamond, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Commonalty.
Friday before the Feast of St. Margaret [20 July], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345], William de Waltham, "cordewaner," Gregory de Rameseye, "cordewaner," and other Wardens of the same mistery, brought shoes of basen taken upon William called "Cokk," "cordewaner," of Fletestrete, which shoes he had sold to a certain stranger as being made of cordwain (de corio allute). The said William is therefore, according to the ordinance, in mercy 40d., for which he paid half a noble (unum obolum de noble (fn. 9)) to the Chamberlain.
Saturday after the Feast of St. Mary Magdalen [22 July], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345], meat belonging to Thomas de Caxtone, Robert Andreu, Walter Cobbe, and Gerard Andreu confiscated, because they set up their stalls in the Poultry contrary to the ordinance made by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty, as appears in the preceding folio. (fn. 10) The meat appraised by John Soudan, Henry Soudan, Richard Goldeneghe, John de Kereswelle, and John atte Grene, butchers, sworn for the purpose, the total value being 9s. 5d., and sold at that price by Simon Snellynge, Serjeant of the Chamber, to Giles de Westmelle, tailor, and the money delivered to Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, to the use of the Commonalty. (fn. 11)
A general acquittance by John de Navestoke, parson of Wylynghale, co. Essex, and William atte Corner, executors of Richard atte Cornere, to Avice atte Corner, widow and executrix of the said Richard. Dated Friday after the Feast of St. Dunstan [19 May], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345].
Ordinance for keeping the streets clean. Any one convicted of placing dirt in the streets and lanes to be fined 2s. and be forced to remove it. Two assistants to the beadle of a Ward to be appointed where necessary.
The Oath of the Sheriffs' Clerks (fn. 12)(French).
Ye swear that well and truly ye will bear yourselves in your office and justice do to poor as well as rich, citizen and stranger, and all folks according to your discretion and your power, and the franchises and customs of the City of London ye will keep and maintain, and obedient be to the Mayor of the same City for the time being, and good and loyal execution do of the judgments of the Mayor and Aldermen when ye shall be charged, and the counsel of the City ye will conceal, and good counsel give of all matters touching the said City when ye shall be required, and no writ touching the same franchise will ye return before ye shall have shown it to the Mayor and Aldermen, and they have assented to the return of the said writ, and the things agreed upon for the peace of our lord the King and also for the common profit of the people ye will maintain and keep. So God you help and His saints.
The Oath of the Serjeants (French). (fn. 13)
The Oath of Beadles (French).
Ye swear that well and honestly ye shall keep the Ward of which you are "Sergeaunt" and not suffer any man accused of robbery or of evil covin nor woman of evil life to dwell in the same Ward, but ye shall forthwith drive them out, and if ye be unable to do so ye shall certify the Alderman, and if he be unable to do it ye shall forthwith certify the Mayor for the time being; and if any make affray or draw sword or knife or other weapon ye shall certify the Chamberlain of the City, so that he may be able to do by the Serjeants of the Chamber that which is ordained for preserving the peace of our lord the King. And also ye shall return in the Husting and before the Sheriffs and Coroners good and lawful men in Inquests and not poor men nor maintainers of parties, and all other things that appertain to your office to do which are ordained for the King's peace, the quiet of the people, and honesty of the said City ye shall well and truly keep. So God you help, &c. (fn. 14)
Folio civ b.
Charter of liberties granted to the City with the assent of Parliament, whereby the King covenants (inter alia) that no market should thenceforth be conceded to any one by him or his heirs within a seven miles radius of the City (infra septem leucas in circuitu civitatis). Dated at Westminster, 6 March, 1 Edward III. [A.D. 1326-7]. (fn. 15)
Folio cv-cv b.
New statutes put forth in London, anno 19 Edward III., in amendment of the laws of the City. (fn. 16)
Saturday after the Feast of St. James [25 July], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345], the men of the mistery of aver de pois (mester' averii ponderis), Pepperers of Sopereslane, the Ropery, and Chepe, elected John Pyselewe, John Swetyng, and Edmund Bretyn to be brokers in their mistery, and they were sworn, &c.
Saturday after the Feast of St. Mary Magdalen [22 July], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345], Philip de Cherde, mason, elected in place of John de Basynge, mason, for assize of nuisances, &c., by John Hamond, the Mayor, and the Aldermen.
Saturday after the Feast of St. James [25 July], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345], came William de Cantebrege, pheliper, (fn. 17) husband of Matilda, late wife of Philip Swift, pheliper, before Thomas Legy, Alderman, and Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, and acknowledged that he had received the sum of 20 marks, to be held in trust for Juliana, daughter of the said Philip. (fn. 18) Sureties for the said William, viz., Ralph de Cauntebrege, pheliper, and John Levelif, draper.
Folio cvi b.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation as to the appointment of Courard Roirer and fellow-merchants of Diest ("Dast") as the King's money-changers in the cities of London, York, and Canterbury, and of the new currency, viz., the gold noble, its half and quarter, &c. Dated at Suthwyk, 20 July, 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345]. (fn. 19)
Thursday after the Feast of St. Nicholas [6 Dec.], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344], certain shoes made of ox-leather mixed with calf-leather found upon John de Waldene, cordwainer, by Peter de Kyngestone and other Wardens of the mistery of Cordwainers. The said John, for this first time, in mercy 40d.
Be it remembered that on Tuesday the morrow of St. Peter ad Vincula [1 Aug.], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345], the underwritten articles of the Spurriers were read before John Hamond, the Mayor, Roger de Depham, the Recorder, and the rest of the Aldermen; and as they seemed efficient they were accepted and enrolled as follows. (fn. 20)
Thereupon the following were sworn to keep the same and to make scrutiny, viz., Nicholas le Sporiere, William de Passefeld, (fn. 21) John de Cosselee, (fn. 21) William Debeloun, Robert Mortimer, Robert Spenser, Ralph Nede, Thomas atte Crouche, Adam de Yeveneye, (fn. 21) Richard de Refham, (fn. 21) Robert Bray, (fn. 21) John Dolwyche, John Dene, Roger Stoke.
Folio cvii b.
At the Husting for Pleas of Land held on Monday before the Feast of St. Margaret [20 July], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345], it was ordained by the Mayor and Aldermen, with the assent of the Commonalty, that no brewer should use the water of the Conduit for his business, on pain of losing his tankard or tyne and 40d. for the first offence, half a mark for the second and his tankard or tyne, and 10s. for the third, and, moreover, of being committed to prison at the discretion of the Mayor and Aldermen. At the same Husting it was agreed that fishmongers washing their fish at "les Stokkes" should incur the same penalty. (fn. 22)
Quitclaim by Henry de Shenefeld and Emma his wife, late wife of John de Pykenham, to Peter Nuyer, armourer, in respect of lands, &c., which the said Peter had by gift of Sir John de Potenhale, Knt., in the parish of St. Bride in Fletestrete. Dated 23 July, 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345].
And be it known that the aforesaid Henry and Emma appointed William de Cornewaille and John de Tintagel their attorneys to collect and receive the issues of the tenements, &c., which belonged to John de Potenhale, delivered to them on account of a debt of 40 marks due under a recognizance to the said Emma.
Writ to the Sheriffs for proclamation to be made that all barons, bannerets, knights, and esquires between the ages of sixteen and sixty furnish themselves with horses and arms according to their estate, to proceed with the King abroad, in order to put an end to the war Witness the King at Westminster, 3 Aug., 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345]. (fn. 23)
At a congregation of the Mayor and Aldermen held on Thursday after the Feast of St. Laurence [10 Aug.], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345], complaint having been made by Robert de Hamme and his fellow-brokers of wool and drapery that many who were not free of the City intermeddled in their business, the Mayor and Aldermen ordained that the said Robert and his fellow-brokers should daily inquire as to who intermeddled in their business, not being free of the City, and what brokerage they received, &c., and report thereon to the Chamberlain, who was authorized to distrain for money so received upon the goods of the offenders, and to keep one-half for the use of the Commonalty, whilst the other half was to go to the said Robert and his fellows.
Folio cviii b.
Deed of confirmation by Ralph de Haverynge, girdler, to Henry de Reygate and Nicholas his brother, girdlers, of an annual rent of 6½ marks charged on a certain tenement held by the said Nicholas and Alice his wife in the parish and lane of St. Laurence in Old Jewry; which rent had previously been granted by Robert de Bristowe, saddler, to the aforesaid Henry. Witnesses, William Aylward, Nicholas Blosme (Blosine?), (fn. 24) John Russel, John Wygod, Richard Morager, William Credyl, clerk, and others [not named]. Dated Sunday after the Feast of Nativity B. M. [8 Sept. ], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345].
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to search the City for men between the ages of sixteen and sixty capable of bearing arms and to dispatch them to Portesmuth, so that they be there three weeks after Michaelmas at the latest, and, further, to make a return of the same to the King before Michaelmas Day. Witness the King at Westminster, 28 Aug., 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345].
Folio cix b.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs that they assist Robert Flambard and Richard atte Wode, the King's Serjeants-at-arms, to whom had been committed the navy of the City and the water of the Thames (during a dispute between the Admiral of the West and the Admiral of the North as to who had authority over the same), and who were to bring the fleet within the water of the Wyght by the octave of Michaelmas at the latest. Witness the King at the Tower of London, 8 Sept., 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345].
Be it remembered that on Thursday the morrow of the Exaltation of H. Cross [14 Sept.], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345], Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, received from Guydo Talde, an unsworn broker, viz., for brokerage done by him between Thomas atte Vine and Geoffrey de Wyntertone for thirteen sacks of wool, 13s., whereof Robert de Hamme and his fellows took for their trouble one-half, according to the ordinance thereon made and entered on the folio preceding. (fn. 25) Also from Van Bronlesk for brokerage done for "Allumine de Tysik" sold between Master Lodowyk de Arecia, a physician, and another, 12s., whereof the aforesaid Robert and his fellows took for their trouble one-half.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation of the new currency of the noble, the half-noble, and the quarter-noble, and the appointment of money-changers. Dated at the Tower, 10 Sept., 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345].
Quitclaim by Henry de Shenefeld and Emma his wife, late wife of John de Pykenham, to William de Caustone, mercer, of lands and tenements held by the said William in the parish of St. Bride in Fleet Street, in respect of anything that may be owing to them by the said John. Dated Friday after the Feast of Exaltation of H. Cross [14 Sept.], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345].
Be it remembered that on Monday after the Feast of the Decollation of St. John Bapt. [29 Aug.], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345], Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, received the sum of 40s. 4d. from Boydin Denys, an alien, who had acted as broker in respect of 120 pieces of cloth sold by him contrary to the custom of the City, inasmuch as he was not elected nor sworn as broker, and of the said sum the aforesaid Thomas delivered to Robert de Hamme and his fellow sworn brokers the sum of 20s. 2d. for their trouble, and the said Chamberlain charges himself with the remainder.
Folio cx b.
Lease by Edmund, son of Margery de Stebbenhethe, to Thomas Bonde of his share in a tenement in the parish of St. Mary de Aldermariecherche, devised to him by the said Margery by will proved and enrolled in the Husting held for Common Pleas on Monday the Feast of St. Margaret [20 July], 12 Edward III. [A.D. 1338], (fn. 26) which tenement lately belonged to Simon Godard, and is situate near the property of Richard Chaucer and William de Thorneye, Aldermen; to hold to the said Thomas for a term of eighteen years. John Hamond, Mayor, Thomas Legi and Geoffrey le Tableter, (fn. 27) Sheriffs, Andrew Aubrey, Alderman of the Ward. (fn. 28) Witnesses, William de Thorneye, Richard Chaucer, William de Hanamstede, William de Derby, John Bole, Roger Carpenter, William de Grantham, and others [not named]. Dated Thursday the Feast of the Nativity B. M. [8 Sept.], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345].
Acknowledged before Richard Lacer, William de Poumfreyt, and John de Caustone, Aldermen, and Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, Saturday after the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345].