Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: F, 1337-1352. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1904.
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Securitas pro xi£ vjs ijd ob' ad op' Joh'is fil' Steph'i le Mazerer.
Tuesday the eve of the Assumption [15 Aug.], 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347], came John le Mazerer and acknowledged that he held certain moneys in trust for John, son of Stephen le Mazerer. Sureties, viz., John atte Barnette and John de Wendovere, vintner.
Br'e contra captores et provisores hos picii d'ni Regis.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation that no purveyor of the King's household take anything without payment, and that those who had suffered loss at the hands of such purveyors since the Feast of St. Peter ad Vincula [1 Aug.] last past should go before the Chancellor and Treasurer, who would render satisfaction. Witness Leonel the King's son, &c., at Redynge, 20 Aug., 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347].
Folio cxli b.
Br'e quod ho mines ad arma armati et sagittar' se festinant ver sus Caleys ad d'um Regem.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation for the immediate return to France of those who had quitted the army before Caleys and returned to England for recreation or other cause,so that they be at Caleys by Sunday before the Feast of the Nativity B.M. [8 Sept.], a ready passage being provided for them at Sandwych and Dover. Witness Leonel the King's son, &c., at Gloucestre, 20 Aug., 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347] (fn. 1).
Proclamation made accordingly, Saturday the morrow of St. Bartholomew [24 Aug.].
Be it remembered that on Friday the Feast of the Exaltation of Holy Cross [14 Sept.], 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347], a certain stranger drew his sword in the churchyard of St. Laurence forthe purpose of striking a fugitive to the said church. He was therefore seized and committed to prison until he paid the sumof half a mark to the use of the Commonalty, according to the ordinance.
Md quod Maior p' senta bit unum pres biterum in eccl'ia de Clerkenwell.
Letter from Geoffrey de Wychingham, the Mayor, underthe mayoralty seal, to Nicholas de Hales, Prior of the Church of the Hospital of St. John at Clerkenewell, nominating John de Wroxtone to the perpetual chantry then vacant in the saidchurch, the presentation to which fell to the said Mayor, and asking the said Prior to admit the said chaplain and provide him with food, stipend, &c., according to the terms of the covenant made with the City by Philip de Thame, a former Prior, and Brethren of the Hospital under their seal Dated 12 Sept., A.D. 1347.
Letters patent by the above Nicholas de Hales admitting the above chaplain to the perpetual chantry founded by Sir William de Langeford (fn. 2) in the church of the said Priory. Dated at Clerkenewelle, 16 Sept., A.D. 1347.
Custodia Elizabeth' filie Aubrey Goubbe.
Thursday after the Feast of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347], the guardianship of Elizabeth, daughter of "Aubrey" Goubbe, committed by the Mayor, Aldermen, and the Chamberlain to William de Hockelee and Elicia his wife, mother of the said Elizabeth. (fn. 3) Sureties, viz., Nicholas Madefrey and Thomas Frere, fishmongers.
Acquietanc' Will i Bryan et Thom' fil' Cristine Tel mestere de £x.
Acquittance by Richard atte More de Wyndesore, called "de Saneford," dyer, and Katherine his wife, daughter of Cristina Telmestere, (fn. 4) to William Bryan, pepperer, and Thomas,son of the said Cristina, executors of the said Cristina, for money and goods due to the said Katherine under her mother's will Dated 17 Oct., A.D. 1347. Witnesses, John de Stanhope, Nicholas Corp, Roger Osekyn, Laurence de Halywell, Robertde Hatfeld, and others [not named].
De vicecom' electis.
At a congregation of the Mayor, Aldermen, and entire Commonalty, held at the Guildhall on Friday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347], Adam Brabasson elected Sheriff by the Mayor, and Richard de Basingestoke, goldsmith, by the Commonalty.
Contra lib'tates d'ni Joh'is fil' Wautier quas clam' infra lib'tatem civitatis habere.
At the same congregation it was adjudged that John Fitz Walter, who renewed a claim to exercise certain franchises within the Ward of Castle Baynard, (fn. 5) should have no franchise within the City, nor in future intermeddle in any Pleas in the Guildhall nor other matters affecting the franchise of the City (fn. 6).
Folio cxlii b.
Les articles des Heaumers.
Articles of the "Heaumers" approved by Geoffrey de Wychingham, the Mayor, and the Aldermen at the suit andrequest of the folks of the mistery (fn. 7).
Monday after the Feast of St. Luke [18 Oct.], 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347], Robert de Shirwode, Richard Bridde, and Thomas Canoun elected and sworn Wardens of the said mistery.
Acquietanc' Nich'i de Acton' aur' factum Nich'o Corp.
sol ijs. vjd.
Acquittance by Nicholas de Actone, goldsmith, son of Nicholasde Actone, clerk, (fn. 8) to Nicholas Corp, pepperer, for the sum of 20 marks due to him under his father's will, which sum had been delivered to the said Nicholas Corp by Hugh de "Bramptone," hisfather's executor Dated 21 Oct., 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347].
Acknowledged before Geoffrey de Wychingham, the Mayor,and Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, Wednesday after the Feast of St. Luke [18 Oct.].
sol ijs. vjd.
Lease by Thomas, son of Gregory de Fulham, to Adam dela Pole, "stokfisshmongere," of a tenement in the parish of St. Michael de la Crokedelane, in Thames Street, for a term of twenty years, at an annual rent of 10 marks Witnesses, Walter de Mordone, John Lovekyn, Ralph de Lenne, John Olyver, John Gubbe, Nicholas de Harewedone, clerk, and others [not named] Dated 16 July, 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347].
Acknowledged before John Lovekyn, Alderman, and Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, Tuesday after the Feast of St. Luke[18 Oct.].
Folio cxliii b.
sol ijs. vjd.
Indenture of defeasance of a certain letter of statute-merchant in the sum of £120 in favour of the above Adam on condition of his being allowed an additional term of fifty years in the abovetenement. Witnesses as above. Dated 20 July, 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347].
Br'e quod blada non du cantur extra regnum.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation against the exportation of corn except only to Caleys Witness the King at Westminster, 16 Oct., 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347].
Proclamation made accordingly on Wednesday the eve ofAll Saints [1 Nov.].
Folio cxliv b.
Nil quia aid'.
Recognizance of debt by Edmund, son of John de Mundenede Shordiche, to William de Caustone, mercer, of the sum of £20 Dated 22 Oct., 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347] Witnesses, John de Caustone, Edmund de Hemenhale, Adam Fraunceys, Giles Spenser, William de Tudenham, William de la Panetrie,Simon de Worthstede, and others [not named].
Acknowledged before John de Caustone, Alderman, Wednesday the eve of All Saints [1 Nov.].
Obligacio facta Ade de Home per Will'm de Grantesdene.
A bond entered into by William de Grantesdene, mercer, in the sum of £169 in favour of Adam de Home, merchant, of Wenlok, co. Salop. Dated 7 Nov., A.D. 1347. Witnesses, John Morlee, Roger atte Vine, Hugh atte Boure, John de Colewelle, and Roger de Wenlok, mercers of London.
Acknowledged before Thomas Legy, the Mayor, John Hamond and Geoffrey de Wychingham, Aldermen, andThomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, Thursday after the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov.].
Afterwards, viz., on Monday before the Feast of Annunciation B.M. [25 March], 23 Edward III. [A.D. 1348-9], came the aforesaid Adam before Thomas Leggy, Alderman, and the aforesaid Chamberlain, and assigned the above debt to Simon Fraunceys, mercer.
Nich' sol quia condonatur per Maiorem.
Lease by John de Brendewode, fripperer, to Peter Legy, fripperer, and Margaret his wife, of a seld, &c., on Cornhill, in the parish of St. Christopher, extending to the tenements of Sir John de Pulteneye and William le Hore, for a term of twenty years at an annual rent of 10 marks. Simon Fraunceys, Mayor, Richard de Berkynge and John Rokele, Sheriffs, John Hamond, Alderman of the Ward (fn. 9) Witnesses, Ralph deCauntebrigge, John Levelif, William de Cauntebrigge, John Eweyn, John de Wodehous, Thomas le Northerne, Philip Swift, Nicholas de Harewedone, clerk, and others [not named]. Dated Monday after the Feast of Exaltation of Holy Cross [14 Sept.], 16 Edward III, A.D. 1342.
Folio cxlv b.
Writ to the Sheriffs for the election of two representatives ofthe City to attend a Parliament to be held at Westminster on the morrow of St. Hillary [13 Jan.], (fn. 10) also for proclamationto be made to the effect that the Parliament was not for the purpose of imposing aids or tallages or other burdens on the people, but solely for executing justice and consulting for the common weal. Witness the King at Westminster, 13 Nov., 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347].
Afterwards there came another writ for four representatives of the City to attend.
Return made of four, viz., John Lovekyn, Richard de Berkynge, William de Iford, and Richard de Wycombe.
Eleccio Ball' Telar'.
Wednesday before the Feast of St. Andrew [30 Nov.], 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347], John de Whiteseld (Whitefeld ?) and Peter de Gatesdene, weavers, elected and sworn Bailiffs of the Weavers before Thomas Leggy, the Mayor, and the Aldermen.
sol ijs. vjd.
Grant by Nicholas de Hockele, fishmonger, son of John de Hockele, late fishmonger, and Alice his wife, to John de Tingewyk, goldsmith, of an annual quitrent of 26s. 8d. charged on the tenement of Thomas de Alegate, clerk, in the parish of St. Katherine (fn. 11) near the church of the Priory and Convent of Holy Trinity in Alegatestrete, near the tenement of Walter Cook, to enjoy the said quitrent for a term of six years. Thomas Leg', Mayor, Adam Brabazon and Richard de Basingstoke, Sheriffs, Richard de Berkynge, Alderman of the Ward. (fn. 12) Witnesses, Walter Cook, John de Neubery, Thomas Savage,Geoffrey Skynnere, William Beauflour, clerk, and others [not named] Dated Monday after the Feast of St. Lucia [13 Dec.],21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347].
Acknowledged the same day before Henry Darci, Andrew Aubrey, and William de Thorneye, Aldermen, and Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain.
sol ijs. vjd.
Indenture of agreement that a deed of feoffment by Stephende Fraunsard, called "de Amyas," to Richard de Stondone, "coffrer," of certain tenements, &c., which the said Stephen had by devise of Robert Wynnehelm (fn. 13) in Colmanstrete, in the parish of St. Stephen, shall be void on condition that the said Richard enjoy peaceable possession of the same for a term of six years Thomas Legy, Mayor, Richard de Basingestoke and Adam Brabasson, Sheriffs, and William de Thorneye, Aldermanof the Ward (fn. 14) Witnesses, John de Berkynge, William Gentil, Robert atte Broke, Thomas Grapefiges, David de Kingestone, Henry de Ware, Nicholas de Harewedone, clerk, and others [not named]. Dated Wednesday after the Feast of Conception B.M. [8 Dec.], 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347].
Acknowledged before Richard de Kiselingbery, Alderman, and the Chamberlain, the same day as the preceding deed.
Folio cxlvi b.
Script' Will'i Galeys per Henr' le Callere.
sol ijs. vjd.
Quitclaim by Henry, son of Robert le Callere, late mercer, to William Galeys, servant of Queen Isabella, (fn. 15) of a certain annual quitrent issuing from a tenement in Cordewanerstrete, in the parish of St. Thomas the Apostle, and situate near the tenements of Simon de Brunnesford, John de Grantham, and Robert Missoke Witnesses, William Clapitus, John Fynch, Henry Palmere, John de Cressingham, John Moncoy, Thomasde Sharnebroke, John de Coumbe, and others [not named]. Dated Friday after the Feast of St. Lucia [13 Dec.], 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347].
Concessio facta Telar' London'.
Be it remembered that on Thursday the eve of St. Thomas the Apostle [21 Dec.], 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347], it was agreed by Thomas Legy, the Mayor, and the Aldermen that foreign weavers (Telers estraunges) should be ruled in the same manner as denizen (privees) weavers of the City, and that neither should work by night at any time of the year.
Les orden aunces des Hatters.
Ordinances touching the mistery of Hatmakers (overours des chapeaux) approved by Thomas Leggy, the Mayor, and the Aldermen at the suit and request of the men of the saidmistery (fn. 16).
Tuesday after the Feast of St. Lucia [13 Dec.], 21 Edward III [A.D. 1347], John de Thame, Adam de Salesbery, Roger Morel, John de Bumsted, Richard de Bery, and John Kix elected Wardens of the aforesaid mistery before the aforesaid Mayor and Aldermen.
Saturday after the Feast of the Translation of St. Thomas the Martyr [7 July], 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350], the aforesaid Wardens being dead, Stephen de Hortone, John de Hydyngham, Walter Morel, and Alan de Hortone were elected and sworn Wardens before Walter Turk, the Mayor.
Thursday after the Feast of St. Peter in Cathedra [22 Feb.] 28 Edward III. [A.D. 1353-4], Walter Morel having died, the aforesaid Wardens elected Henry de Bury, "hattere," in his place.
Folio cxlvii b.
Billa liberata Galfr'o ce Wychyngham Maiori pro mercatorib' de Ansa Ale mannie.
To a congregation of the Mayor and Aldermen held on Monday in the first week of Lent, 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1346-7], there being present Geoffrey de Wychingham, the Mayor, Reginald de Conduit, Henry Darcy, John Hamond, Simon Fraunceys, Roger de Depham, William de Thorneye, John de Caustone, Thomas Leggi, John de Mockyng, Adam Brabassone,and Richard de Berkyngge, Aldermen, there came Tydman Lymberg, Hildebrand Sutherman, and Tydeman Coufot, merchants of the Hanse of Almaine, and on behalf of themselves and of other merchants of the same Hanse delivered a Bill to the Mayor and Aldermen complaining that the Sheriffs and water-bailiffs of London distrained the said merchants to the extent of one "bord" in every hundred, 6 pence for every last of herring in barrels, 4 pence for every wey (poys) of cheese,and 4 pence for every horse, and prayed that, inasmuch as they had been formerly quit, so in future they might be quit of such charges, for they were enfranchised of the City by the composition touching Bisshopesgate. (fn. 17) The Bill having been read and the Books of Memoranda (fn. 18) in the Chamber of the Guildhall touching customs (consuetudinibus) and the tolls exacted on the things aforesaid examined, it was not found in the said books that any custom (custuma) ought to be demanded for horses or boards, nor for cheese imported for the use of themselves or their friends, but that custom had of old been demanded for cheese taken out of the City to be sold, and, further, that no custom was to be paid by merchants of the Hanse for herring brought to the City from Hanseatic parts, and if any question of toll should arise, the matter was to be decided by the Alderman of the merchants aforesaid.
De v marcis deliberat' Henrico de Banham.
Saturday the morrow of the Conversion of St. Paul [25 Jan.] ,22 Edward III. [A.D. 1347-8], came John de Bannebury de Stratford atte Bowe, smith (faber), together with Henry de Banham, son of John de Banham, who married his daughter, before Geoffrey de Wychingham, Alderman, and Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, and claimed the sum of 5 marks left by William de Manhale, "chaundeler," to the children of Matilda his daughter, wife of the late John de Banham, (fn. 19) inasmuch as all the other children of the aforesaid Matilda were dead, and they say that certain tenements and rents belonging to the said Henry were in great need of repair. Thereupon came Robert de Manhale, "chaundeler," and William de Briggeford, goldsmith, executors of the aforesaid William, in whose hands the money lay, and testified to the need of repair. It was therefore adjudged that the money should be delivered to the said John de Bannebury and Henry de Banham, and that the executors should be quit.
Dimissio facta Joh'i de Foxtone clerico de una placea t're juxta Turrim London'.
At a Husting for Common Pleas held on Monday after the Feast of St. Katherine [25 Nov.], 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347], Thomas Leggy, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the rest of the citizens demised to John de Foxtone, clerk, a plot of land near the wall of the Friars of the Holy Cross in Tower Ward and extending towards "le Roumlond" (fn. 20) for a term of forty years at an annual rent of 40 pence.
Grant in tail by John de Kermound, clerk, to Richard de Becfeld, his kinsman, of all his tenements in the parish of St. Botolph without Aldresgate, with remainder to John de Kermound, his brother Richard Lacer, Mayor, John de Gloucestre and Edmund de Hemenhale, Sheriffs. Witnesses, Master William de Rameseye, John de Thame, William de Thame,Robert de Thame, and Simon de Compworth. Dated Friday after the Feast of St. James [25 July], 20 Edward III. [A.D. 1346].
Acknowledged by the above John, brother of John de Kermound, clerk, and Simon de Compworth, goldsmith, before Thomas Legy, the Mayor, Roger de Depham, the Recorder, and other Aldermen [not named], and Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, in the Chamber of the Guildhall, Monday before the Feast of St. Valentine [14 Feb.], 22 Edward III. [A.D. 1347-8].
sol ijs. vjd.
The same day they proffered a certain nuncupative will of the aforesaid John de Kermound proved before the official of the Archdeacon of London, in which the testator appoints the said Simon de Compworth guardian of Richard de Becfeld. Thereupon the said Simon acknowledges himself to be guardian of the said Richard, and finds sureties, viz., William Payn and Geoffrey le Mauner.
Folio cxlviii b.
Allocacio facta burgensib' ville de Redinge de Theolon' prestandi.
At a Husting for Pleas of Land held on Monday after the Feast of Conversion of St. Paul [25 Jan.], 22 Edward III. [A.D. 1347-8], came Thomas de Yevyndone, Mayor of Redynge, John, son of John le Acatour, "Dominicus" (?) Belle, Richard de Wymondham, and John Astilde, burgesses of the same, before Thomas Legy, the Mayor, and the rest of the Aldermen [not named], and complained of Adam Brabasson and Richard de Basingestoke, the Sheriffs of London, exacting tolls and customs of their goods in the City, contrary to their franchise, and contrary to the recognition of the charters of their town by Elyas Russel and John de Wengrave, Mayors of London, as appears on fo 50 of the Greater Black Book (fn. 21) in the Chamberof the Guildhall. They prayed a remedy. Thereupon, the aforesaid recognition having been inspected, orders were given for the Sheriffs to restore the distresses so taken, and to allow the burgesses of the said town in future to be quit of toll.
De custodia £xl tradit' Galfr'o de Wychingham et Henrico de Cove merceris ad opus Joh'is fil' Nich'i atte Mersshe.
Monday after the Feast of St. Valentine [14 Feb.], 22 Edward III. [A.D. 1347-8], the sum of £40 bequeathed by Nicholas atte Mersshe, late mercer, to John his son, is entrusted by Thomas Legy, the Mayor, Roger de Depham, the Recorder, the rest of the Aldermen [not named], and Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, to Geoffrey de Wychingham and Henry de Cove, called "atte Mersshe," mercers, the guardianship of the said John's body being committed to John atte Mersshe, his uncle, as appears supra, fo cxxvi.
sol ijs. vjd.
Grant by the Master and Brethren of the House of the Orderof Knights of St. Mary de "Bellehem" to Walter de Basingstoke, baker, and Margery his wife of a tenement called "la Longehous" in Bisshopesgatestrete, situate near the tenements of Thomas le Barbour and Benedict de Dittone, together with two plots of land called respectively "le Northlond" and "Forparadys", to hold the same for their respective lives at an annual rent of 40s., to be paid to the City's Chamber. Dated the Feast of St. Valentine [14 Feb.], A.D. 1347[-8]. Witnesses, Peter de Haconey, Thomas le Barbour, Geoffrey le Sergeaunt, Geoffrey le Whittawere, John de Cambirwelle, and John le Brewere and others [not named].
sol ijs. vjd.
Grant by Thomas, son of Thomas Hauteyn, late pepperer, to William de Holbeche, draper, of lands and tenements in the parish of St. Benedict Shorhog, situate near the tenements of Roger Carpenter, John Gisors, and William Curteys, to hold the same during the lifetime of the grantor at an annual rent of 12 marks Witnesses, John Pecche, Bartholomew Thomasyn, Thomas de Holebeche, John de Cogesale, Thomas de Cavendisshe, and Roger de Caumpes and others [not named]. Dated 16 Feb., 22 Edward III. [A D. 1347-8].
Acknowledged before John de Northhalle, Alderman, and Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, Tuesday after the Feast of St. Valentine [14 Feb.].
Folio cxlix b.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation against the circulation of base coin called "Lussheburghs" (fn. 22) and the exportation of good coin, as well for the protection of foreign merchants Witness the King at Westminster, 13 Feb., 22 Edward III. [A.D. 1347-8] (fn. 23).
Br'e pro parliamento.
Writ to the Sheriffs for the election of two representatives of the City to attend a Parliament to be held at Westminster on Monday after mid-Lent Sunday, (fn. 24) to consider the warlike attitude of the French King, pending negotiations for a permanent peace. Witness the King at Westminster, 14 Feb., 22 Edward III. [A.D. 1347-8] (fn. 25).
Folio cl b.
Writ to the collectors of the subsidy of 2s. on a sack of wool and 6d. on a pound for providing ships in the Port of London, bidding them cease to collect the latter duty, but to continue collecting 2s. on every sack of wool for exportation. Witnessthe King at Westminster, 26 Nov., 21 Edward III. [A.D. 1347].
Writ to the Mayor and Aldermen for the observance of the assize of ale, viz., that a gallon of the best be sold for 3 halfpence and no more; (fn. 26) and for the punishment of those breweresses and female retailers who sell the same at 2 pence and 3 pence. Witness the King at Westminster, 12 Feb., 22 Edward III. [A.D. 1347-8].
The above writ remains in the possession of John de Shirbourne, the Common Clerk, among memoranda temp Thomas Legy, Mayor.