Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: F, 1337-1352. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1904.
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Br'e pro duob' civib' veniend' coram consilio d'ni Reg'.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs for the election of two representatives of the City to attend the King and his Council on the morrow of St. Matthew [21 Sept.] Witness the King at Westminster, 8 Sept., 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350].
Return : We send you Simon Fraunceys and Thomas Dolsely to do as prescribed in the writ.
Writ to the Mayor and Commonalty forbidding them to divert Richard de Kyslingbury, John Litle, Andrew Turke, Thomas de Machyngge, and William de Wyrcestre from carrying out their duties as collectors of the last tenth and fifteenth granted to the King. Witness the King at Hertford, 16 Sept., 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350].
Folio cxci b.
Br'e ad inhibend' transi tum peregrinorum.
Writ of Privy Seal to the Mayor and Sheriffs forbidding them to allow any one to leave the Port of London on a pilgrimage to Rome, as they had been in the habit of allowing, without the King's special licence. Dated at Westminster, 3 Oct., 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350].
Be it known that the above writ was delivered to Thomas de Morlee, clerk of John Not, on Thursday after the octave of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350].
Tuesday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350], in the presence of Walter Turke, Mayor, Roger de Depham, Henry Pycard, Simon Dolsely, Adam de Bury, William de Todenham, John de Gloucestre, William de Welde, Thomas Perle, and Bartholomew Deumars, Aldermen, the executors of Simon de Adyngtone, viz., John Pyel, John de Mortone, clerk, William de Hockele, and others [not named], delivered to Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain, the sum of £20 in gold florins called "les Nobles" of the King's coinage, to the use of John, son of the said Simon, aged three-quarters of a year, who was under the guardianship of Thomas de Neuport (fn. 1) and Johanna his wife, mother of the said John.
Billa pro elec cione Maioris.
Monday before the Feast of the Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350], precept (billa) sent to each Alderman by the Mayor bidding him attend at the Guildhall on Wednesday the Feast of the Translation of St. Edward aforesaid for the election of a Mayor and to summon four of the best men of his Ward, and have their names endorsed on the precept.
Will'us Dreu abrocar' jur' in mestero Pellipar'.
Be it remembered that on Wednesday before the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350], there came Adam de Bury, John Bolo (sic), John de Oxon', John de Bedeford, Nicholas Bole, and other good men of the mistery of Skinners, and elected William Dreu to be broker of the said mistery, and the said William was sworn to faithfully execute the office between buyer and seller in the said mistery, &c.
Writ to the Sheriffs for proclamation to be made for ships engaged in the wine trade with Gascony to proceed forthwith to Plymouth ("Plomuthe"), and thence to set sail under the safe conduct of John de Cheversdone, the King's Seneschal of Gascony, and John Charnels his Constable of Bordeaux. Witness the King at Westminster, 18 Oct., 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350]. (fn. 2)
Proclamation made accordingly 21st Oct.
Custodia John'is fil' Simonis de Adyngtone.
Wednesday the eve of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350], the guardianship of John, son of Simon de Adyngtone, committed to Thomas de Neuport, Serjeant of the Chamber, and to Johanna his wife, the infant's mother, by Walter Turke, the Mayor, Roger de Depham, Alderman, and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain Sureties, viz., John de Draytone and Thomas de Same, tailors.
Folio cxcii b.
Custodia Nich'iet Will'i fil' Steph'i le Peautici.
Wednesday the eve of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350], the guardianship of Nicholas and William, sons of Stephen le Peautrer, together with their property, committed by Walter Turke, the Mayor, Roger de Depham, Alderman, and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain, to John ae Essex, fripperer. Sureties, viz., John Chaucer, (fn. 3) vintner, and Thomas de Same, tailor. A portion of the property of the wards consists of a lease of a certain tavern held by Stephen le Peautrer under Richard de Betoygne, and situate near the house of John de Horwode in Chepe.
Exoneracio custodie pre dicta.
Afterwards, viz., on Thursday after the Feast of St. Andrew [30 Nov.], 40 Edward III. [A.D. 1366], the above William declares that Nicholas his brother is dead, and asks that the property of the said Nicholas should be delivered to him. Thereupon came Alice, widow and executrix of the above John de Essex, and delivered up the property, and the said William acknowledged satisfaction and quitclaimed the said Alice in the presence of John Lovekyn, the Mayor, William Haldene, William Welde, and Stephen de Cavendysshe, Aldermen, and John de Cantebrigge, the Chamberlain.
Recognicio pro Margar' filia Ric'i de Staun done or phana Ideo n'.
Wednesday the eve of St. Martin [11 Nov.], 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350], came Master Adam le Leche, William de Okham, cordwainer, Simon de Rasen, armourer, Philip de Herlawe, armourer, and John Pople, "poleter," before Richard de Kyslyngbury, the Mayor, Roger de Depham and William de Welde, Aldermen, and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain, and acknowledged themselves bound to Margaret, daughter of Richard de Staundone, aged twelve years, in the sum of £20 which her father had bequeathed to her.
Afterwards, on Wednesday before the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 27 Edward III. [A.D. 1352-3], came Adam de Wymondeham, mercer, and the above Margaret his wife, before Adam Fraunceis, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the Chamberlain, and acknowledged the receipt of the abovemoney from Thomas, son and executor of Richard de Staundone. Therefore the above recognizance is cancelled.
Bre quod blada non du cantur extra regnum.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation against the exportation of corn without first obtaining bills under the seal of Robert de Herle, Captain of the town of Calais, to the effect that the corn was exported for the relief of the King's subjects there. Witness the King at Westminster, 27 Oct., 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350]. (fn. 4)
Br'e pro deli beracione gaole de Neug [sic].
Writ appointing William de Shareshull, Richard de Kelleshulle, Richard de Kyslyngbury, the Mayor of London, Henry de Grene, and William de Nottone to be Justices for gaol delivery of Neugate. Witness the King at Westminster, 8 Nov., 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350].
Br'e vic' proeadem deliberacione.
Writ to the Sheriffs notifying the above appointment, and bidding them cause all prisoners to appear before the Commissioners. Witness the King at Westminster, 8 Nov., 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350].
Monday the eve of St. Andrew [30 Nov.], 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350], came William de Shirbourne, William Turke, Goscelyn de Clyve, John Pounfrat', Ralph Double, John Mockyngge, Nicholas Storme, Giles Pykeman, Andrew Pykeman, John Courtrey, Alexander de Lenne, and Laurence Belawe, and they elected (fn. 5) Ralph de Lenne to be Alderman of the Ward of Billyngesgate.
The same day William de Mordone and Stephen de Kyngestone were elected and sworn Bailiffs of the mistery of Weavers.
Folio cxciii b.
Scriptum Thom' Leggy.
Nil sol. quia Alderm'.
Acquittance by William de Bergh, clerk, and William de Wychingham, executors of Alice, widow and executrix of Roger de Forsham, to Thomas Leggy for the sum of £153 6s. 8d., in full payment of £360, in which the said Thomas had bound himself before the Chamberlain of the Guildhall, anno 21 Edward III., to the said Roger; also release of another bond in the sum of £20 in favour of the said Roger. Witnesses, Ralph de Cauntebrigge, John de Hardyngham, Richard de Claveryngge, William Laurence, Walter Forester, John de Essex, draper, and others [not named]. Dated Tuesday the Feast of St. Andrew [30 Nov.], 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350].
Acknowledged before Roger de Depham, Alderman, and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain, on Wednesday after the Feast of St. Andrew.
Brene Comites Barones Miles nec aliqui ho mines ad arma seu sagittar' transeant mare.
Writ to the Sheriffs for proclamation to be made against any Earl, Baron, Knight, Esquire, or any other man-at-arms or archer leaving the realm for foreign parts without the King's special licence. Witness the King at Westminster, 6 Dec., 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350].
Br'eadeligend' duos cives civi tatis ad Par liamentum.
Writ to the Sheriffs for the election of two representatives of the City to attend a Parliament to be held at Westminster in the octave of the Purification [2 Feb.] (fn. 6) Such representatives to be of the more discreet and powerful class of citizens, and not pleaders, maintainers of quarrels, or men obtaining a livelihood after this fashion (non placitatores, querelarum manutentores aut ex hujusmodi questu viventes). Witness the King at Westminster, 25 Nov., 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350].
The above writ remains in the possession of William de Worcester, Sheriff.
Pleas held before Richard de Kyslyngbury, the Mayor, the Aldermen, John Note and William de Wircestre, the Sheriffs, on Wednesday before the Feast of St. Hillary [13 Jan.], 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350-1]: Henry de Passelewe, cook, convicted, on the prosecution of Henry Pecche on behalf of the City, of selling a putrid capon, and condemned to stand in the pillory (fn. 7)
Folio cxciv b.
Br'enecaptores d'm Regis aut alior' capiant blada aut alia victualia ad civitatem venientra.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to make proclamation for bidding the King's purveyors and others to intercept corn and other victuals on their way to the City, for fear of producing scarcity at the approaching Parliament. Witness the Kingat Westminster, 22 Jan., 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350-1].
Proclamation made accordingly, Wednesday after the Feast of the Conversion of St. Paul [25 Jan.], 25 Edward III. [A.D. 1350-1]. The writ remains in the possession of Richard de Kyslyngbury, the Mayor.
Br'e ne vic' fac' sacr'm ad Scaccarium nisi super reddicionem compot'.
Writ to the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer that they no longer compel the Sheriffs of the City for the time being to make oath at the Exchequer, except on rendering their accounts pursuant to the King's charter. (fn. 8) Witness the King at Worcester, 20 Sept., 3 Edward III. [A.D. 1329].
Compot' Pont London'.
Account rendered by Alan Gille and John de Hardingham, late Wardens of London Bridge, before John Lovekyn, Simon Dolsely, and William atte Welde, Aldermen, and John de Westone, "grosser," Richard de Wycombe and John de Houle, commoners, for two years from Michaelmas, 22 Edward III. [A.D. 1348], and thence to the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov.], 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350], when they were superseded by John le Litle and James Andreu.
Particulars of increased rents belonging to London Bridge accruing in the 23rd and 24th years of Edward III, viz. (inter alia), by the will of Henry de Gloucestre, goldsmith, proved in the Husting on Monday after the Feast of St. Hillary [13 Jan.], 6 Edward III. [A.D. 1332-3], (fn. 9) certain rents of tenements held by William Albon, "pursere," William Boght', Simon "Dolcely," Gylot de London, the Queen's Wardrobe Keeper (garderobar' domine Regine), William de Caustone, John de Lyndesey, Ralph de Lenne, Thomas le Bakere, Richard Syward, Richard Horn, "ferron," Henry de Grofhurst, and Alice, wife of John de Warle, in the parishes of St. Michael le Quern, St. Stephen de Colmanstret, St. Clement near Candelwykstret, St. Mary Magdalen de Eldefisshstret, St. Nicholas Shambles, and elsewhere. Total, £19 14s. 10d.
Folio cxcv b.
And be it known that Margery, daughter of John de Lyndeseye, holds a certain shop opposite the church of St. Nicholas [at the Shambles] which, after her death, remains for the maintenance of the Bridge, and the same is true of a brewhouse held for life by Robert de Manefeld and Agnes his wife, another daughter of the said John de Lyndeseye.
Thursday after the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov.], 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350], indenture between Alan Gylle and John de Hardingham, the outgoing Wardens of London Bridge, and John [le] "Litle" and James Andreu, the incoming Wardens, touching the goods and chattels belonging to the Bridge in Southwark. (fn. 10)
Indenture between the same touching books, vestments, and other goods and ornaments belonging to the Chapel on London Bridge. (fn. 11) Dated in the said Chapel, Thursday after the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov.], 24 Edward III. [A.D. 1350].
Folio cxcvi b.
Script' Walt'i de Nettelwelle per custod' Pont' London'.
Nil quia de Ponte London'.
Lease by John "Littel" and James Andreu, Wardens of London Bridge, to Walter de Nettelwelle, butcher, of two shops in the parish of St. Nicholas at the Shambles, situate near the tenement of Nicholas Vigerous, for a term of eighteen years, at an annual rent of £3. Richard de Kyslyngbury, Mayor, John Notte and William de Wircestre, Sheriffs Witnesses, Simon atte Gate, Robert de Huntingdon, Richard Syward, Adam de Langele, Nicholas de Thame, Edmund de Ware, and many others [not named]. Dated the Feast of the Purification B. M. [2 Feb.], 25 Edward III. [A.D. 1350-1].
Acknowledged before Roger de Depham, Alderman, and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain, Thursday before the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 25 Edward III. [A.D. 1350-1].
Thereupon came the aforesaid Wardens and acknowledged they had received from the above Walter de Nettelwelle the sum of 100s. as a gift for the repair of the said shops because they were ruinous.
On the Thursday aforesaid Walter de Nettelwelle, executor of Robert de Langele, butcher, acknowledged himself bound to the above Wardens of the Bridge in the sum of 16 marks.
Cancelled because satisfied.
Custodia Agn' fil' Walt'i de Stokwelle pictor.
Wednesday after the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 25 Edward III. [A.D. 1350-1], the guardianship of Agnes, daughter of Walter de Stokwelle, painter, aged seven years, committed to Thomas de Bournham, painter, by Richard de Kyslyngbury, the Mayor, Roger de Depham and other Aldermen [not named], and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain. Sureties, viz., John de Lyghtgrave, "goldbetere," and Roger Merry, "peyntour".
Billa missa d no Regi et consilio per commumta tem.
Petition of the Commonalty of the City to the King and his Council, praying that the ordinance made in the Parliament held at York the morrow of the Ascension [25 May], in the ninth year of the King's reign [A.D. 1335], allowing strangers and denizens to traffic freely, contrary to the liberties and customs of the City, which ordinance had been repealed in the Parliament held at Westminster in the eleventh year of his reign, (fn. 12) might again be repealed, although recently confirmed in the Parliament now sitting. (fn. 13) [No date.]
Billa missa d' no Regi et consilio pro Pannar'.
Petition to the King and his Council by the merchant drapers of the City. Whereas it had been ordained in the last Parliament that all manner of cloth sold after the first day of September next should be of a certain assize (fn. 14) under penalty of forfeiture, and the manner of drapers is to make their purchase of cloth at home and abroad about Michaelmas for the fairs ensuing, and to make liveries for great lords and others of the Commons, and whereas these have not bought any liveries of importance this year the cloth remains on the hands of the drapers unsold. They pray therefore that the King and his Council will order the King's Alnager (launeour) or some one else to market all the cloth so left on their hands, so that they may sell the cloth as it is (pur tieus come ils sont), either before or after the day prescribed, and what they buy in future shall be of the assize ordained, under penalty aforesaid.
Folio cxcvii b.
Br'e ne ingros satores seu regratarios [sic] fac' caristiam victualium sub colore statuti et quod punian tur per Mai orem et Vic'.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs that they make diligent search for and punish any victuallers, wholesale or retail, they find enhancing the price of victuals, under cover of a recent statute (fn. 15) forbidding the intermeddling of any Mayor, Bailiff, Catchpole, or other municipal officer in the sale of such commodities. Witness the King at Eltham, 22 March, 25 Edward III. [A.D. 1350-1].
Custodia Alicie filie et h'edis Johanne soror' et h'edis Rob'ti Motoun jumoris etat' v annor'.
Friday after the Feast of St. Alphege [19 April], 25 Edward III. [A.D. 1351], the guardianship of Alice, daughter of Johanna the sister of Robert Motoun, junior, (fn. 16) aged five years, committed by Richard de Kyslyngbury, the Mayor, Thomas Leggy, Roger de Depham, Aldermen, and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain, to Thomas Rous de Grenstede, together with her property in the parishes of St. Mildred in the Poultry and St. Edmund the King in Lombardstrete. Sureties, viz., Robert de Stratford, cordwainer, and John Nasard.
Custodia Joh'is fil' et h'edis Rob'ti de Blithe sadeler.
Tuesday the Feast of St. Petronilla [31 May], 25 Edward III. [A.D. 1351], the guardianship of John, son and heir of Robert de Blithe, "sadeler," committed by Richard de Kyslyngbury, the Mayor, and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain, to Johanna, late wife of William de Blithe, "sadeler." Sureties, viz., Roger de Wenlok, "taillour," and John de Blithe, "sadeler".
Custodia Ric'i fil' Ade Longe.
The following Thursday, the guardianship of Richard, son of Adam Longe and of Katherine his wife, committed by the same to John Longe, fishmonger, the next friend, together with property in the parish of St. Martin in the Vintry Witnesses, Thomas de Saham, "taillour," and William de Okeham, cordwainer.
Cognicio Walt'i fil' Walt'i de Mourdone de recepcione bonor' ei legat'.
The following Friday came Walter, son of Walter de Mourdone, "stokfishmongere," (fn. 18) before the aforesaid Mayor, Andrew Aubrey and Roger de Depham, Aldermen, and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain, and acknowledged he had received from John Roce and Thomas Child, executors of his father's will, and from Simon de Mourdone, surveyor of the same, the sum of £60 bequeathed to him by his said father as well as his share of the residue of his father's estate.
Folio cxcviii b.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation for those merchants who had incurred loss or injury at the hands of Flemings at sea to appear at Bruges in the octave of H. Trinity [12 June] before the Commissioners of the Count of Flanders to receive redress. Witness the King at Westminster, 10 June, 25 Edward III. [A.D. 1351]. (fn. 19)
Cognicio recepcionis centum marcar' per Ed'm de Ippe grave de exec' test'i Joh'is de Hatfeld.
Saturday after the Feast of Nativity St. John Bapt. [24 June], 25 Edward III. [A.D. 1351], came Edmund de Ippegrave, goldsmith, husband of Matilda, daughter of Robert de Hatfeld, late goldsmith, before Richard de Kyslyngbury, Mayor, Roger de Depham, Alderman, and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain, and acknowledged he had received from Peter de Wendlyng burgh and Thomas de Uptone, draper, executors of John de Hatfeld, late draper and executor of the wills of Robert de Hatfeld and Matilda his wife, the sum of 100 marks in final satisfaction of goods due to the aforesaid Matilda, daughter of the aforesaid Robert de Hatfeld and wife of the aforesaid Edmund. (fn. 20)
Folio cxcixcci b.
Writ to the Sheriffs enclosing statutes and ordinances made in the last Parliament at Westminster, and bidding them make proclamation for the same to be duly observed. Witness the King at Westminster, 16 March, 25 Edward III. [A.D. 1350-1].
[Here follow (a) "The Statute of Labourers," (fn. 21) commencing, Come nadgaiis countre la malice des servauntz, and ending (fo. cc. b), par my la terre si bien deinz fraunchise come dehors, and (b) "The Statute of Cloths," (fn. 22) commencing, Item acordez est et assentuz enmesme le Parlement, and ending, a toutes les foitz qil busoignera.]
Folio cci b.
Br'e pro ccc sagittar' providend'.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs for furnishing the King, who was about to cross the sea, with 300 archers, to be ready by the Feast of St. James, Ap [25 July]. Witness the King at Westminster, 15 June, 25 Edward III. [A.D. 1351].
Br'e pro mo netis auri et argenti.
Writ to the Sheriffs notifying the reminting of debased coins and the minting of new coinage, to be known as a Gros., (fn. 23) of the value of 4 sterlings, and a half Gros, of the value of 2 sterlings, and ordering them to make proclamation to the effect that such coins pass current like the sterling, the half-sterling, and the quarter-sterling, and that in future the exchange ofmoney was a business to be confined to the King and his officers. Given under the Great Seal at the Tower of London, 21 June, 25 Edward III. [A.D. 1351]. (fn. 24)