Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: F, 1337-1352. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1904.
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Deed of sale by Walter Adryan, pepperer, to Margery Randolf of divers jewels (fn. 1) as set out for the sum of 10 marks Dated Wednesday the Feast of St. Katherine [25 Nov.], 12 Edward III. [A. D. 1338].
Be it remembered that Simon Snellyng was admitted and sworn Serjeant of the Chamber in the presence of Henry Darci, the Mayor, John Hamond, Richard de Berkyng, John de Mockyng, Richard Costantyn, Andrew Aubrey, Roger de Forsham, Ralph de Uptone, William de Brikelesworth, and Nicholas Crane, Aldermen, and others, commoners. And he will take 40s. by the year.
Wednesday after the Feast of the Conversion of St. Paul [25 Jan.], 13 Edward III. [A. D. 1338-9], came Andrew de Seccheford to the Chamber of the Guildhall before Henry Darci, Roger de Depham, the Recorder, William de Pontefract, and Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, and became surety for Henry de Seccheford, the late Chamberlain, and for the discharge of his liabilities. (fn. 2)
Tuesday, 13 April, 13 Edward III. [A. D. 1339], came Katherine, widow and executrix of Osbert de Bray, one of the sureties for Robert Flambard, touching the ferm of Suthwerk, before Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, in the presence of William de Caustone, Alderman, and acknowledged herself ready to pay the sum of £13 for the value of her late husband's goods whenever the Mayor and Commonalty are troubled by the King in respect of the above ferm Surety for the said Katherine, viz., William atte Crouche.
Folio xxi b.
Indenture of defeasance of certain bonds entered into by Johanna, daughter of Walter de Chesewyk, late woolmonger, and widow of John Plomer de Kyngestone, in favour of John Syward, fishmonger, on condition that the said John Syward be allowed peaceable enjoyment of certain tenements demised to him by the said Johanna in the parish of St. Nicholas "Colabbey," at the Old Fish Market Witnesses, Walter Turk, John de Denham, William de Ware, John de Gloucestre, John de Triple, John Amys, clerk, and others [not named]. Dated Friday after the Feast of St. Lucia, V. [13 Dec.], viz., 18 Dec., 12 Edward III. [A. D. 1338].
Letters patent of Edward, Duke of Cornwall, to the effect that the sending of an armed force by way of convoy of wool to foreign parts by the City should not be to the prejudice of the City's franchise. Dated at Biflet, 20 Dec., 12 Edward III. [A. D. 1338].
Writ of the Duke of Cornwall to the Sheriffs for the election of two citizens to attend a Parliament at Westminster, which had been prorogued from the morrow of Hillary to the morrow of the Purification [2 Feb.]. (fn. 3) Dated at Berkhampstede, 26 Dec., 12 Edward III. [A. D. 1338].
Be it remembered that on Monday the morrow of St. Valentine [14 Feb], 13 Edward III. [A. D. 1338-9], came Henry Russel and Richard Seler, citizens of Sarum, and complained on behalf of themselves and their fellow-citizens of being distrained for payment of murage in the City, and prayed that allowance might be made to them as allowed in the second year of the reign of the aforesaid King in the White Book of Memoranda, (fn. 4) and they brought the King's writ (dated at Byflet, 20 Dec., 12 Edward III. [A. D. 1338]) to that effect. Pursuant to which writ it was agreed by the Mayor and Aldermen that the citizens and merchants of Sarum should for the future be quit of murage in the City of London.
Folio xxii b.
Writ of Edward, Duke of Cornwall, to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty of the City, for furnishing four ships with 300 men and four scummars (skumarii) with 160 men, with victuals for three months; the same to be sent to the port of Wynchelse by the middle of March to meet the rest of the fleet under the command of the Admiral, William Trussel, and to proceed thence to the defence of the realm against attacks from the French; further, for the arrest of all seaworthy ships in the port of London for the King's service. Dated at Westminster, 16 Feb., 13 Edward III. [A. D. 1338-9].
By reason of the above writ, the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty went to the King's Council and prayed an abatement of the number of ships named in the writ, and it was agreed that they should find only two ships competently manned with armed men.
Assessments of the Wards for equipping the above ships made by John Hamond, William de Brikelesworth, Simon Fraunceys, and Ralph de Uptone, Aldermen, Henry de Prestone, William de Ware, Henry Wymond, William Box, John de Aynesham, Adam Lucas, Robert de Shordiche, Bartholomew Deumars, Commoners, appointed for the purpose by Henry Darci, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Commonalty, viz., for providing 160 men armed with haketon, plates, bacinets with visors (aventaill'), and gauntlets of plate, and 60 men armed with haketons and bacinets, and 20 grooms (garcionibus) and their wages, viz., 3 pence a day for two months for each man, to sail in the said ships under Sir William Trussel, Admiral of the Fleet of the Cinque Ports, and others, viz., from the mouth of the Thames, &c., viz :-.
Folio xxiii b.
Pleas before the lord the King held at Westminster, Hillary term, 13 Edward III. [A. D. 1338-9].
Precept to the Sheriff of Lincoln that he demand Alan Ryngolf, of St. Botolph's, from county to county, &c., that he may be outlawed if he fail to appear, and kept in safe custody if he appear, &c., and that the said Sheriff have his body before the King on the morrow of the Purification [2 Feb.] to answer for divers trespasses. The Sheriff makes return that after four demands the said Alan failed to appear, but was mainprised On the fifth demand he appeared, but was taken out of the Sheriff's custody on his way to the Court by the Sheriffs of London, who had lodged him in Neugate, the said Alan being appealed of having robbed Nicholas de Hurst, of co. Berks, of the sum of £20, in the town of St. Botolph, co. Lincoln, on Sunday before the Feast of the Nativity B. M. [8 Sept.], 12 Edward III. [A. D. 1338]. The Sheriffs of London, in their defence before the King at Westminster, say that the said Alan was found wandering at large in the City, and not in any custody, and that the said Nicholas had caused him to be arrested. They further say that the Mayor, citizens, and Sheriffs of London for the time being have the power, by grant of the King's ancestors, to take into custody all persons charged with any crime whatsoever within their own liberty, and to commit them to the King's gaol of Neugate, there to remain out of the charge of the Sheriffs until released by gaol delivery before the Justices according to the law and custom of the realm, and they ask that this franchise be allowed them, and that the said Alan should remain in their custody. Thereupon the matter having been considered in the Parliament then assembled, (fn. 5) it was adjudged that inasmuch as the robbery of which the said Alan had been appealed was more odious than the trespass for which he was indicted, the said Alan should be remitted to Neugate in the custody of the aforesaid Sheriffs until, &c. Saving always the King's right, &c.
Lease by Richard Baldewyn and Agnes his wife to Stephen, son of Hugh de Waltham, of certain shops in the parish of St. Peter de Cornhull, situate near the tenements of Nicholas Pycot and Thomas le Palmere, father of the aforesaid Agnes, for a term of seven years. Dated Tuesday after the Feast of the Annunciation B. M. [25 March], 13 Edward III. [A. D. 1339]. Witnesses, John Pycot, John Frere, Henry de Norhamptone, Robert de Manhale, James le Sherman, and others [not named].
Folio xxiv b.
Wednesday before the Feast of St. George [23 April], 13 Edward III. [A. D. 1339], came Adam de Bures before William de Caustone, Richard de Berkynge, Alderman (aldermanno), and the Chamberlain, and renounced the guardianship of William, son of Ralph atte Rothe.
Thursday after the Feast of St. Mark [25 April], 13 Edward III. [A. D. 1339], the guardianship of William, son of Ralph atte Rothe, aged thirteen years, together with a messuage and shops in Whytcrouchestrete, in the parish of St. Giles without Crepelgate, committed to John de Refham, "pessoner," by Henry Darci, the Mayor, and the Aldermen Sureties for the said John, viz., William Sendal, Stephen Page, "cotiller," and John de Horewode.
Afterwards, viz., on Tuesday before the Feast of St. Laurence [10 Aug.], 20 Edward III. [A. D. 1346], came the above William, son of Ralph, before Walter Turk, Alderman, and the Chamberlain, and acknowledged full satisfaction, and prayed that the aforesaid John de Refham might be quit.
Lease by Robert de Hannam, "goldbetere," and Matilda his wife, daughter of John Dode, to Thomas West, girdler, and Matilda his wife of a tenement with shops, a postern and garden in the parish of St. Michael de Bassieshawe, for a term of seven years. Witnesses, John de Dallynge, Nicholas de Caustone, John Underwode, William Furnyval, Roger Stokfissh, John Amys, clerk, and others [not named] Dated Thursday the Feast of the Ascension, viz., 6 May, 13 Edward III. [A. D. 1339].
Charter of Richard I. to the city of Winchester. Dated at "Nonancort," 14 March, 1 Richard [A. D. 1189-90]. (fn. 6)
The above charter was presented by Robert Inkepenne, citizen of Winchester, before Henry Darci, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and they allow the aforesaid citizens of Winchester their liberties as allowed in the time of the Mayoralty of John Blount in the Book of Memoranda marked with the letter C, fol. lxxix. (fn. 7)
Folio xxv b.
Wednesday the eve of the Ascension [6 May], 13 Edward III. [A. D. 1339], John de Thremhale, Thomas de Hokyng, William de Bury, Thomas de Ismongereslane, Richard Paterlyng, and William Gandre, bursers (bursarii), elected and sworn before Henry Darci, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, to keep and supervise the articles made in the Husting, anno 1 Edward III., touching purses, braels, sheepskins, and counterfeit skins of "Roon," &c. (fn. 8)
Monday after the Feast of SS. Peter and Paul [29 June], 13 Edward III. [A. D. 1339], William Simond de Coventre admitted Serjeant of the Chamber of the Guildhall and sworn before Henry Darci, the Mayor, John de Grantham, William de Caustone, Ralph de Uptone, Richard Lacer, Simon Fraunceys, John Hamond, John de Northall, Roger de Depham, John de Oxon', Richard de Hakeneye, Roger de Forsham, Richard Costantyn, Richard de Berkynge, and Andrew Aubrey, Aldermen, to hold the said office during good behaviour, taking for his yearly fee 40s.
Wednesday after the Feast of St. Peter ad Vincula [1 Aug.], 13 Edward III. [A. D. 1339], the guardianship of Richard, son of Richard Darnel, aged sixteen years, committed by Henry Darci, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, to William Darnel, the uncle Sureties for the said William, viz., Thomas le Barber without Bisshopesgate and Gilbert le Dieghere.
Afterwards, viz., on Monday before the Feast of St. Margaret [20 July], 18 Edward III. [A. D. 1344], came the above Richard, son of Richard Darnel, and acknowledged satisfaction before John de Mokkynge and John de Caustone, Aldermen, and Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain.
Writ to the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer, reciting that whereas at the request of the citizens of London, who had complained before the Parliament at Westminster, anno 1 Edward III., that felons in the City avoided arrest by taking refuge in Southwark, the vill of Southwark had been granted to the City at the accustomed fee ferm rent, (fn. 9) and whereas the citizens had given the King to understand that the said vill had previously been let to ferm at £10, and no more, except when the King's father had let it to John de Lincoln at a ferm of £11, which latter sum the said Treasurer and Barons were now exacting from the City; and whereas they had been commanded to search the records of the Exchequer and the accounts of the Sheriffs of Surrey on the matter, and had certified that the aforesaid bailiwick had formed a part of the corpus comitatus of Surrey, and as such had its accounts rendered until the seventeenth year of Edward I., when the bailiwick became for the first time separated from the county, and was committed to Hugh de Jernemue at an annual rent of £10, and that in the first year of Edward II. the bailiwick had been given to the said Hugh, and in the third year to Adam le Chaundeler, and afterwards to James de Poutham and Nicholas de Tunstall successively at £10, allowance of the same being made to the Sheriff of Surrey in the seventeenth year aforesaid and afterwards; and that the said Nicholas held the bailiwick until 4 Feb., 1 Edward III. [A. D. 1326-7], on which day it was given to John de Lincoln at a rent of £11 as aforesaid, no reason being recorded for the increased rent, and he held it until 6 March following, when it was granted to the City at the rent due and accustomed: For these reasons the King commands the said Treasurer and Barons to let the City be quit of the sum of 20s. paid in excess of the rent of £10. Witness, Edward, Duke of Cornwall and Earl of Chester, Custos of England, at Kenyngtone, 5 Aug., 13 Edward III. [A. D. 1339].
Writ of Edward, Duke of Cornwall, to the Sheriffs, for the election of two citizens to attend a Parliament to be held at Westminster in the quinzaine of St. Michael [29 Sept.]. (fn. 10) Dated at Wyndesore, 25 Aug., 13 Edward III. [A. D. 1339].
Folio xxvi b.
Grant by Nicholas Godewyne to Adam Asspale, skinner, and Auncelia his wife of a house, &c., in the parish of St. Mary de Wolcherchehawe, situate near the tenements of Adam de Wodehous and Peter de Pontefract, to hold the same for the term of their respective lives at an annual rent of 60s., H[enry] Darci, Mayor, Roger de Forsham and William de Thorneye, Sheriffs, John Hamond, Alderman of the Ward. (fn. 11) Witnesses, John de Brendewode, Ralph de Cantebrege, Thomas Leggy, Philip Swift, John Iveyne (Jueyne ?), John de Wodehous, John Levelif, Peter de Grenstede, Adam de Helmedone, Richard de Ichehulle, and others [not named]. Dated Saturday the Feast of St. Dionisius [9 Oct.], 13 Edward III. [A. D. 1339].
Lease by William de Littleford, "sherman," and Katherine his wife to Gilbert le Chaumberleyn and "Anneyse" his wife of a shop, &c., in the parish of St. Stephen Walebroke, situate near the tenement of William de Medelane; to hold the same for a term of thirteen years. Dated Thursday before the Feast of St. Margaret [20 July], 13 Edward III. [A. D. 1339].
Saturday after the Feast of St. Martin [11 Nov.], 13 Edward III. [A. D. 1339], the guardianship of John, son of Simon de Pekham, aged one year, together with the sum of 100s. received from John de Chippenham, one of the executors of the said Simon, entrusted to Matilda, the boy's mother, by Andrew Aubri, the Mayor, Roger de Depham, Richard de Berkyng, Roger de Forsham, and John de Northhall, Aldermen Sureties for the said Matilda, viz., Richard de Kyselyngbury, "chaucer," and Thomas his brother.
Afterwards, viz., on Saturday after the Epiphany [6 Jan.], 30 Edward III. [A. D. 1356-7], the custody of the aforesaid John was committed to Hugh de Bermoundeseye, draper, by Simon de Worstede, Alderman, and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain. Sureties, viz., Martin de Cavendisshe and R[ ] de Cavendisshe, draper (drapers ?).
Afterwards, viz., on the 19th Jan, 34 Edward III. [A. D. 1360-1], came the above John, being of full age, before Hugh de Sadelyngstanes, William de Weld, Aldermen, and the Chamberlain, and acknowledged satisfaction for his property.
Thursday after the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov.], 13 Edward III. [A. D. 1339], the murage of Smethefeld demised to Roger de Dunmowe, called "le Baillyf," until the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.] next ensuing, by Andrew Aubry, the Mayor, John de Grantham, John Hamond, John de Northhall, John de Caustone, Roger de Depham, Richard de Berkyng, Roger de Forsham, Richard Lacer, and Simon Fraunceys, Aldermen; the said Roger paying one mark monthly into the Chamber Sureties, viz., John de Stafford, "cordewaner," and John Fraunceys.
The same day the murage of the Poultry as far as the Leadenhall (ad aulam plumbi) was demised to William Simond, Serjeant of the Chamber; he paying 12 pence weekly into the Chamber, excepting six weeks in Lent (preterquam in quadragesima per vj septimanas).
Folio xxvii b.
Wednesday the eve of St. Katherine [25 Nov.], 13 Edward III. [A. D. 1339], the murage of Chepe demised to John Russel by Andrew Aubry, the Mayor, Roger de Depham, John de Grantham, John de Oxon', Richard Lacer, Richard de Berkynge, John Hamond, and Roger de Forsham, for one year from the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.] for 52 marks, payable 1 mark weekly.
At a congregation of Mayor, Aldermen, Sheriffs, and Commonalty held on Thursday the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 13 Edward III. [A. D. 1339], there being present Henry Darci, Andrew Aubry, John de Grantham, Roger de Depham, John de Oxon', Richard de Rothynge, William de Brikelesworth, John de Northhalle, John de Caustone, Ralph de Uptone, Richard Costantyn, Richard de Berkynge, John Hamond, Nicholas Crane, Richard Lacer, and Roger de Forsham, Aldermen, Andrew Aubry elected Mayor loco Henry Darci, who had been Mayor the two previous years; and scarcely had the new Mayor taken the oath before Gerard Corp came and publicly charged the late Mayor with having vilified him, whereupon he was committed to Neugate.
Afterwards, viz., in a congregation of the aforesaid Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty held on Wednesday the morrow of Souls [2 Nov.], there being present Andrew Aubry the Mayor, Henry Darci, Roger de Depham, John de Grantham, John de Oxon', John Hamond, Simon Fraunceys William de Caustone, Richard de Berkynge, John de Northhalle, William de Brikelesworth, Richard de Rothynge, and Nicholas Crane, Aldermen, the said Gerard came and acknowledged his fault, and was bound over in forty casks of wine for good behaviour Sureties for the said Gerard, viz., Richard de Lomhuthe, Thomas Perle, John de Balsham, John de Dureme, Thomas Corp, Roger Osekyn, Richard de Todyngtone, Nicholas atte Brok, John de Stanhope, Laurence de Halywelle, Adam Harewold, and Reymund de Burdeux. (fn. 12)
Wednesday before the Nativity of our Lord [25 Dec.], 13 Edward III. [A. D. 1339], the murage of Billyngesgate demised to John Chaundeler de Billyngesgate by Andrew Aubry, the Mayor, and Aldermen for one year from the said Feast for £20, payable quarterly.
(2) Two charters of Henry II dated at Sarum. (fn. 13)
Writ of Edward, Duke of Cornwall, Custos of England, to the Mayor and Sheriffs to allow the servants of John Tybelot, who was about to cross the sea in the King's service, to export 200. quarters of corn, notwithstanding proclamation to the contrary Dated at Kenyngtone, 8 Nov., 13 Edward III. [A. D. 1339].
Similar writ enjoining them to send three or four owners of ships (dominos navium) or others to confer with the King's Council at Westminster the morrow of St. Hillary [13 Jan.] next touching the safety of the realm and the navy, and to forthwith get ready all vessels of 40 tuns burden and more (quadraginta dolia et ultra portantes (fn. 14) ) for crossing the sea. Dated at Langeleye, 10 Dec., 13 Edward III. [A. D. 1339].
Folio xxix b.
Writ to the Sheriffs for the election of two citizens to attend a Parliament to be held at Westminster in the octave of St. Hillary [13 Jan.] next, (fn. 15) at the same time intimating that the King's business hitherto discussed in Parliament had been oftentimes impeded by reason of elections of knights, citizens, and burgesses to attend the Parliaments having been made without due consideration (minus provide extiterunt). Dated at Langele, 6 Nov., 13 Edward III. [A. D. 1339].
Monday after the Feast of St. Martin [11 Nov.], 13 Edward III. [A. D. 1339], came Johanna de Hakeneye into the Chamber and acknowledged the receipt of 100s. from John de Oxon' and John Keekhorne, executors of John de Caunteneye, being a moiety of a sum bequeathed to her by the said John de Caunteneye, for the maintenance of herself and her children begotten by the said John, and she agreed that a similar sum should be delivered to John Paul, "pottere," in trust for herself and John, son of the said John de Caunteneye, for a term of ten years Surety for the said John Paul, viz., William de Wedone, "peleter."
Wednesday after the Feast of St. Hillary [13 Jan.], 13 Edward III. [A. D. 1339-40], came Simon Seman and Reginald Baudry, executors of William Twomer, before Andrew Aubry, the Mayor, Roger de Depham, the Recorder, William de Brikelesworth, Alderman, and Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, and agreed that the guardianship of William, son of the said William Twomer, aged nine years, should be committed to Geoffrey de Rokyngham, cordwainer, together with the sum of £24 15s. and implements of a tanner's craft worth £8 9s. 2d., and a house in the parish of St. Giles without Crepelgate, to hold the same in trust for the said William during minority. Sureties for the said Geoffrey, viz., Robert de Bristoll, saddler, John de Stafford, cordwainer, and Robert de Harengeye, "coureour."
The same day the guardianship of Agnes, daughter of William Twomer, aged eight years, together with the sum of £24 15s. and three houses, was committed to Reginald Baudri Sureties for the said Reginald, viz., Walter Baudry and Walter Mosehache.
(Afterwards, viz., on Monday after the Feast of St. Ambrose [4 April], 23 Edward III. [A. D. 1349], came Henry Myre, who had married the above Agnes, and acknowledged that he had received the above property.)
The same day the guardianship of Johanna, daughter of the said William, together with her property, was committed to Simon Seman. Sureties for the said Simon, viz., John le Rede and John Seman, curriers.
Folio xxx b.
Indenture of defeasance of a recognizance in the sum of £50 made by Richard de Foxcote, co. Glouces., before Andrew Aubrey, the Mayor, and William de Carletone, the King's clerk appointed for recognizances of debts under the Statute of Acton Burnel, in favour of Geoffrey Oede of "Astone under Egge," co. Glouces., on condition that the said Richard pay the said Geoffrey the sum of £8 6s. 8d. on the morrow of the Epiphany next, in the church of St. Kenelm at Wynchecoumbe, (fn. 16) and a similar sum on the Feast of St. Kenelm, King and Martyr [17 July], and so from year to year until the whole debt be paid Dated at London in the parish of St. "Auntelin," near Sopereslane, Monday after the Purification [2 Feb.], 14 Edward III. [A. D. 1339-40].
Letter from the King to the Mayor and Commonalty of the City of London, notifying his arrival at Lescluse (fn. 17) on Saturday the 19th Feb., and of his intention to set sail at the next tide (a la primer oree), so that they may be prepared for his arrival. Dated at Lescluse, Sunday, the 20th Feb. [A. D. 1339-40].
The same to all Peers, Prelates, Dukes, &c., and Commons of the realm of France, calling upon them to acknowledge his claim to the crown of France, and to cause this letter to be publicly exposed on churches and other places. Dated at "Gaunt," 8 Feb., 14 Edward III. [A. D. 1339-40]. (fn. 18)