Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: F, 1337-1352. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1904.
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Wednesday after the Feast of St. Martin [11 Nov.], 14 Edward III. [A.D. 1340], the bailiwick of Suthewerk demised to Thomas le Porter by the Mayor and Aldermen; to hold for one year from Christmas next at a rent of £12. Sureties for the said Thomas, viz., John de Bredstrete, John Russel, and John atte Barnette, "bakere."
The same day the guardianship of John, son of Walter Burdeyn, aged five years, committed by Andrew Aubry, the Mayor, Roger de Depham, and Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, to Avice his mother. Sureties for the said Avice, viz., John atte Barnette, girdler, and Geoffrey Punte, mercer.
Extract from the Great Roll of the Exchequer, reciting a writ addressed to the Treasurer and Barons of the same, anno 14 Edward III., to the effect that the citizens of London had paid the sum of 1,000 marks in lieu of wool granted to the King anno 12. (fn. 1)
Folio xlii b.
Lease by Isabella, daughter of Ralph Godchepe and of Margery his wife, to Nicholas Clerk, armourer, of tenements in Westchepe in the parish of St. Mary le Bow, for the term of her life at an annual rent of £6 6s. 8d., Andrew Aubry being then Mayor, Adam Lucas and Bartholomew Deumars, Sheriffs, and Simon Fraunceys, Alderman of the Ward. (fn. 2) Witnesses, Richard de Berkynge, John de Kelyngworth, Robert de Hanewode, Thomas de Cantebruge, Thomas Meel, William Grubbelane, William de Shrouesbury, John Marchant, Henry atte Rothe, and others [not named]. Dated Thursday the Feast of St. Clement [23 Nov.], 14 Edward III. [A.D. 1340].
Recognizance by the above Isabella of debt of £13 8s. 9d. due to the above Nicholas; the same to be liquidated by the said Nicholas subtracting an annual sum of 20s. from the rent due for the above tenements. Witnesses as above. Dated Sunday after the Feast of St. Andrew [30 Nov], 14 Edward III. [A.D. 1340].
Letters patent reciting a writ dated at the Tower 12 May, 12 Edward III. [A.D. 1338], summoning the Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen, and many other citizens to Westminster touching the safeguarding the City during the King's absence abroad, and the ordinance made by the civic authorities thereon. (fn. 3) Witness, Edward, Duke of Cornwall, &c., at "Berkhamstede," 20 Aug., 14 Edward III. [A.D. 1340].
Folio xliii b.
Writ to the Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen for steps to be taken for safeguarding the City during the King's absence abroad. Witness, Edward, Duke of Cornwall, &c., at Berkhampstede, 20 Aug., 14 Edward III. [A.D. 1340]. (fn. 4)
Folio xliv b.
Monday after the Feast of St. Katherine [25 Nov.], 14 Edward III. [A.D. 1340], Geoffrey le Cotiller, William atte Gate, Richard de Toppesfeld, John de Laufare, Richard Baldewyne, John atte Watre, John de Gaunt, and John de Thrillowe, cutlers, sworn to safeguard everything belonging to the craft.
Writ of Privy Seal addressed to the Mayor, Aldermen, Sheriffs, and Commonalty of the City, commending them for their prompt execution of Thomas, son of John Haunsard, fishmonger, and John le Brewere, porter, for attempting to rescue certain persons arrested in a disturbance in the City between the Fishmongers and Skinners. Dated at Gaunt, 6 Dec., 14 Edward III. [A.D. 1340]. (fn. 5)
Letters patent of indemnity for the course taken by the Mayor, Aldermen, Sheriffs, &c., to put down the late disturbance between the Skinners and the Fishmongers, and for having executed the two men above mentioned. Witness the King at the Tower, 4 June, 15 Edward III. [A.D. 1341].
Folio xlv b.
Writ of Privy Seal to the Sheriffs for proclamation to be made to the effect that all who had been aggrieved by the various officers of the Exchequer in levying of aids, &c., were to make known their grievances to the King in writing, and that the Alderman of each Ward should take steps to discover the precise sums levied and paid by each inhabitant of his Ward, and whether they tallied with the sums entered on the collectors' rolls, inasmuch as the King had been defrauded of much of his dues. Dated at the Tower of London, 1 Dec, 14 Edward III. [A.D. 1340].
Another writ of Privy Seal to the same, for all Sheriffs, taxcollectors, and others who owed the King any money to appear at Westminster on New Year's Day to render account. Dated at the Tower, 1 Dec., 14 Edward III. [A.D. 1340].
Folio xlvi b.
Another writ of Privy Seal to the same, for all collectors, comptrollers of customs, weighers of wool, &c., to appear at Westminster on New Year's Day. Dated at the Tower, 1 Dec., 14 Edward III. [A.D. 1340].
Another writ of Privy Seal to the same, for proclamation to be made against any great one of the land or member of the King's Council quitting the country without the King's special leave. Dated at the Tower, 1 Dec., 14 Edward III. [A.D. 1340].
Another writ of Privy Seal to the same, for proclamation to be made for all merchants who had exported wool not cocketed (fn. 6) to come and answer for the same. Dated at the Tower, 5 Dec., 14 Edward III. [A.D. 1340].
Writ to the Sheriffs, enjoining them to render every assistance to Robert de [sic] Burghcher, (fn. 7) the Chancellor, William de Kildesby, (fn. 8) Keeper of the Privy Seal, Robert "Parvynge," (fn. 9) the Treasurer, and Robert de Sadyngtone, (fn. 10) Justices appointed to inquire into the misdoings of the King's ministers and others during the King's absence abroad. Witness the King at the Tower, 10 Dec., 14 Edward III. [A.D. 1340].
Folio xlvii b.
Writ to the same, from the above Robert Burghcher, William de Kildesby, Robert "Parvynke," and Robert de Sadyngtone, bidding them summon twenty-four of the better men of each Ward to appear before the said Justices at the Guildhall on Wednesday the eve of St. Thomas the Apostle [21 Dec.] next, to assist them in their inquiry, and to make solemn proclamation for all others who have grievances to appear at the same time and place. Witness, W[illiam] de Kildesby, at the Tower, 16 Dec., 14 Edward III. [A.D. 1340].
Thereupon the Sheriffs made proclamation accordingly; but on the aforesaid Wednesday the above Commission was challenged by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty, by the mouth of Roger de Depham, the Recorder, as also the session of the aforesaid Justices, on the ground that the Commission was contrary to the City's franchise, which allowed no Justices to sit within the liberty of the City except at the Tower when an Iter was being held, and at Neugate for gaol delivery, and at St. Martin le Grand for correcting errors and taking inquisi- tions. And the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty asked that the said franchise might be allowed them, as allowed beyond the memory of man. Thereupon the Justices, having heard the challenge and the arguments of the said Mayor and citizens, appointed the 16th January next, so that in the meantime they might consult the King. On which day the Justices came to the Guildhall and, by the King's orders, ceased to use their Commission, and on the 17th the King ordered a writ to the Sheriffs for holding an Iter at the Tower, which writ is recorded infra.
Friday in the octave of the Purification B. M. [2 Feb.], 15 Edward III. [A.D. 1340-1], came Simon de Worstede before John de Northhalle and William de Poumfreyt, Aldermen, and Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, and acknowledged the receipt of the sum of £20 in trust for Alice, daughter of John de Lenne and of Roesia his wife. Sureties for the said Simon, viz., Thomas de Worstede, mercer, and Geoffrey atte Gate, "hattere."
Afterwards, viz., on Wednesday the Feast of St. Vincent [22 Jan.], 16 Edward III. [A.D. 1342-3], came John de Parys and Roesia his wife, mother of the above Alice, and acknowledged the receipt of 66s. 8d. from the above Simon for the nurture of the said Alice.
Folio xlviii b.
Writ to the Sheriffs of London to summon divers persons, according to custom, to attend before the Justices Itinerant at the Tower on Monday in the second week of Lent next ensuing. Witness the King at Westminster, 18 Jan., 14 Edward III. [A.D. 1340-1]. (fn. 11)
Return to the above writ by Adam Lucas and Bartholomew Deumars, the Sheriffs. (fn. 12)
Be it known that Robert Parvyng and his fellow-Justices Itinerant sat at the Tower and held pleas from the 5th March, 15 Edward III. [A.D. 1340-1], until the 17th, on which day they adjourned the session of the Iter until the 16th April, when it was again adjourned until the morrow of the Ascension [17 May], owing to a Parliament being held at Westminster. On the lastmentioned day the Iter ceased through the absence of the Justices. Afterwards the King released the citizens from the Iter.
Letters patent granted on the petition of the Mayor and Commonalty releasing them from the Iter, which was now to be considered as ended. Witness the King at the Tower, 3 June, 15 Edward III. [A.D. 1341].
Pleas of the Crown before Robert Parvyng, William Scot, William Basset, Thomas de Heppescotes, Roger de Baukewell, Justices of the lord the King Itinerant at the Tower of London on Monday in the second week of Lent, 14 Edward III. [A.D. 1340].
Andrew Aubrey, the Mayor, and Aldermen on behalf of the Commonalty claim to have their own porter-usher and serjeants at the Iter, as allowed before William [de Eboraco], Bishop of Salisbury, and his fellow-Justices Itinerant the morrow of St. Michael, 36 Henry III. [A.D. 1252]; also before Master Roger de Seytone and his fellow-Justices the morrow of the Purification [2 Feb.], 4 Edward I. [A.D. 1275-6]; also before Hervey de Stauntone and his fellow-Justices the morrow of Hillary [13 Jan.], 14 Edward II. [A.D. 1320-1]. The Rolls having been searched and the claim found to be substantiated, (fn. 13) it is allowed.
Thereupon the Mayor and Aldermen, on behalf of themselves and the Commonalty, appoint John Laurence, "Barber," to be porter without the gate, &c., Nicholas de Gascoigne, usher without the door of the hall where the common pleas are held; William Simond, usher of the place of the Justices for the same pleas; Bartholomew de Bray, marshal in the same place; Thomas le Porter and Adam de Heyworth, cryers (proclamatores) of the same place; John de Risle, cryer for pleas of the Crown; and Robert Duke, usher for the same.
[Folios l blank].
Folio l b.
Grant by Elyas, son of Ralph de Braughing, late girdler, to John Russel, girdler, of a tenement in the lane and parish of St. Laurence Jewry, situate near the tenements of the Minoresses of the New Abbey without Alegate and of Robert de Keleseye; to hold the same for the lifetime of the grantor, at an annual rent of 4 marks. Andrew Aubrey, Mayor, Adam Lucas and Bartholomew Deumars, Sheriffs, and Simon Fraunceys, Alderman of the Ward. (fn. 14) Witnesses, William de Elsynge, senior, Geoffrey le Tableter, Roger de Astwode, William Ayleward, and John Bokeler. Dated Monday, being Christmas Day [25 Dec.], 14 Edward III. [A.D. 1340].