Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: F, 1337-1352. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1904.
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Extracts from the City's account with the Exchequer for the fourth and twelfth years of King Edward III., touching the ferm of the vill of Suthewerk, and payments to Queen Isabella and to Thomas de Copham, the King's armourer, who died the 5th March, 6 Edward III. [A.D. 1331-2].
Folio li b.
Saturday after the Feast of Invention of H. Cross [3 May], 15 Edward III. [A.D. 1341], came William Oede, "goldbetere," before Richard Costantyn, Alderman, and Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, and acknowledged that he had received from William de Deveneshire, cordwainer, and Richard atte Gate, cordwainer, executors of Helewisia de Wynchestre, the sum of 60s. in trust for Roger his son. Sureties for the said William Oede, viz., John de Flete, "goldbetere," and Nicholas Oede, "goldbetere."
Writ to the Sheriffs of London to make proclamation that all persons who owned 40 pounds (libratas) of land or rents by the year for three whole years, and had not yet become knights, should take up the order of knighthood (fn. 1) before the Feast of H. Trinity next, and make a return of delinquents into Chancery Witness the King at Westminster, 20 April, 15 Edward III. [A.D. 1341].
The underwritten deed and indenture were acknowledged before William de Caustone, Alderman, and Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, on Tuesday after the Feast of St. Hillary [13 Jan.], 11 Edward III. [A.D. 1337-8], and it was not previously enrolled because the fee was not paid.
Indenture of grant by Ralph, son of Richard de Haverynge, to Nicholas de Reygate and Alice his wife, of a brewhouse, &c., in the parish of St. Laurence Jewry, situate near the tenements of John Doxenford, vintner, Robert de Bristowe, Nicholas Reygate, and Robert de Kelseye; to hold the same during the lifetime of the grantor, at an annual rent of a rose at Midsummer for the first four years, and afterwards a rent of 7 marks, Reginald de Conduit being Mayor and Alderman of the Ward, (fn. 2) Ralph de Uptone and Walter de Mordone, Sheriffs. Witnesses, Henry Cheyner, William Aylleward, John Bokeler, Henry de Reygate, Martin de Mallynge, John de Prestone, and others [not named]. Dated Saturday after the Feast of St. Mark [25 April], 10 Edward III. [A.D. 1336].
Indenture of covenant that a certain bond entered into by Ralph, son of Richard de Haverynge, in favour of Nicholas de Reygate, girdler, and Alice his wife, shall be void, conditional on quiet enjoyment being allowed of the above premises. Dated Sunday after the Feast of St. Mark [25 April], 10 Edward III. [A.D. 1336].
Folio lii b.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs that they assist Robert Parvyng, Roger Hillary, Thomas de Heppescotes, and John de Stonford, appointed Commissioners to hear a plaint in error at the church of St. Martin le Grand between the Abbot of Waltham and Adam le Treyere. Witness the King at Langele, 15 March, 15 Edward III. [A.D. 1340-1].
Writ of the above Justices to the same for their appearance at the church of St. Martin le Grand on Sunday before the Feast of Pentecost [27 May], and for the Sheriffs to summon the Abbot of Waltham to appear on the same day for the purpose of hearing the above plaint in error. Dated Thursday before Palm Sunday [1 April], 15 Edward III. [A.D. 1341].
Return to the above writ to the effect that the City of London does not allow a record and process of any plaint in the Husting of the said City to be sent or returned before the Justices appointed to sit at St. Martin le Grand for surveying and examining a record and process and for correcting any error that may be found therein; but after a respite of forty days, according to the custom of the City, for taking advice on the record and process of the plaint had between the parties within-named in the Husting of London, the Mayor and Aldermen will be prepared to record the same by word of mouth of the Recorder, as is the custom. (fn. 3)
Grant by John, son of John de Stebenhethe, to Laurence de Halywell, pepperer, of a portion of a shop formerly belonging to Simon, son of Simon Godard, which came by descent to the grantor and Thomas Bonde, his kinsman, after the death of the said Simon, and is situate in Sopereslane, in the parish of St. Antonin; to hold the same for a term of five years, Andrew Aubry being then Mayor, Adam Lucas and Bartholomew Deumars, Sheriffs, and John de Grantham, Alderman of the Ward. (fn. 4) Witnesses, Simon de Bronnesford, Thomas Corpe, Roger Carpenter, Nicholas Corpe, Roger Osekyn, Reymund de Burdeux, Richard de Totyngtone, John de Luda, clerk, and others [not named]. Dated Sunday the Feast of Nativ. St. John Bapt [24 June], 15 Edward III. [A.D. 1341].
Letter from Louis, Emperor of the Romans, (fn. 5) to King Edward III of England, breaking off the alliance between them whilst offering his services to effect a peace between England and France. Dated "Franchenford," (fn. 6) 24 June, the twenty-fourth year of his reign and the fourteenth of his being Emperor. (fn. 7)
Reply to the above, declining the Emperor's offer. Dated at Westminster, 12 July, 15 Edward III. [A.D. 1341]. (fn. 8)
Folio liii b.
Friday after the Feast of St. James, Ap [25 July], 15 Edward III. [A.D. 1341], came William de Okham, cordwainer, Geoffrey de Rokyngham, cordwainer, Robert de Northamptone, cordwainer, Walter de Braylesham, called "le Cok," William Spirk, cordwainer, residing on (super) Lothebery, and John de Pomfreyt, cordwainer, residing in Wodestrete, before Andrew Aubry, the Mayor, Roger de Depham, the Recorder, and Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, and mainprised John de Lincoln, "cordewaner," lately committed to Neugate for 100s., the amount of damages adjudged to be paid by him to Peter de Jernemuthe, "cordewaner," for a trespass, to have the said John at the next Husting for Common Pleas on a writ of error, &c., and to indemnify Adam Lucas, one of the Sheriffs.
Monday after the Feast of St. Peter ad Vincula [1 Aug.], 15 Edward III. [A.D. 1341], Thomas de Bedewelle admitted and sworn Serjeant of the Chamber of the Guildhall before Andrew Aubrey, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Commonalty, receiving an annual fee of 40s. quam diu, &c.
Wednesday after the Feast of St. Martin [11 Nov.], 15 Edward III. [A.D. 1341], the murage of Chepe demised to Ralph de Braughynnge and Roger de Donmowe by John de Oxonia, the Mayor, and the Aldermen for one year, at a weekly rent of 16s. Sureties for the said Ralph, viz., John Kyng, armourer, Hugh atte Banke, "bocher," Richard Poyntel, brewer, and Richard de Storteford, "bocher."
Thursday after the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov.], the murage of Smethefeld granted to Thomas le Porter by John de Oxon', the Mayor, and the Aldermen for one year, at a monthly rent of 13s. 4d. Sureties for the said Thomas, viz., John de Berkynge, "latoner," William atte Halle, brewer, John Baltrip', "cordewaner," and Thomas atte Shoppe, girdler.
Wednesday after the Feast of St. Andrew [30 Nov.], 15 Edward III. [A.D. 1341], the murage of Billyngesgate granted by the same to John de Writel, "fruter," at a rent of £25, paid quarterly. Sureties, viz., Richard de Rothinge, vintner, and Adam Brabazon, fishmonger.
The same day the guardianship of Johanna, daughter of John de Wycombe, aged three and a half years, committed by John de Oxon', the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, to John Lambyn, fishmonger. Sureties, viz., John de Croydone, fishmonger, and Geoffrey Aleyn, fishmonger.
Folio liv b.
Writ of fi. fa. to the Sheriffs for 110 marks due from the citizens of London to Philippa, the King's Consort, by way of Queen's gold (aurum regine), (fn. 9) on the fine of 1,100 marks for a fifteenth granted by Parliament in the ninth year of the King's reign; (fn. 10) the same to be paid on the morrow of St. Nicholas [6 Dec.] to John de Estone, the Queen's receiver. Witness R[obert] de Sadyngtone at Westminster, 14 Nov., 15 Edward III. [A.D. 1341].
Lease by William atte Welle, "chaundeler," to William de Gloucestre, "bowyere," of a certain annual rent issuing from a tenement held by William de Staneford for life, and situate in Thamisestrete in the parish of St. Laurence de Candelwykestrete; to hold the same for a term of five years from Michaelmas, 15 Edward III. [A.D. 1341]. Dated the day and year above written.
Power of attorney from the above William atte Welle and Johanna his wife to the above William de Gloucestre to receive the above rent. Dated Thursday the Feast of St. Lucia [13 Dec.], the year aforesaid.
Folio lv b.
Lease by the Prior and Convent of Christ Church, Canterbury, to John de Shirbourne, vintner, of a portion of their new stone house in Chepe formerly held by Agnes de Hameldene; to hold the same for a term of ten years at an annual rent of £13 13s. 4d. Dated at Canterbury, Saturday the Feast of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 15 Edward III. [A.D. 1341].
Monday the morrow of St. Hillary [13 Jan.], 15 Edward III. [A.D. 1341-2], John de Bromholme and Richard Frere, "tapicers," and other good men of the same mistery brought before John de Oxon', the Mayor, the Sheriffs, and Aldermen ten false blankets (chalones) remade (reparatos) in foreign parts with hair of oxen and cows, and imported thence by Robert de Boys to the City for sale. The said blankets, being seen and found by men of the said mistery to be false, were ordered to be burnt beneath the pillory on Cornhull, and they were so burnt on the same day. (fn. 11)
Writ to the Sheriffs to summon the Mayor, Aldermen, citizens, and good men of the City to appear before the Barons of the Exchequer on the morrow of the Purification [2 Feb.], to show cause why they had not paid the sum of 110 marks due to Philippa, the King's Consort, by way of Queen's gold. Witness William de Stowe at Westminster, 16 Jan, 15 Edward III. [A.D. 1341-2].
Writ to the Mayor, Aldermen, citizens, and good men of the City reciting that whereas the Earls, Barons, Knights, freemen, and commonalties of the kingdom had in the last Parliament at Westminster granted a fifteenth of their movable goods, and the citizens and burgesses of cities and boroughs a tenth of their movables, in aid of the war; and whereas by reason of a former charter granted to the citizens of London, to the effect that in aids and contributions to the King they should be taxed with the Commonalty of the realm, like men of the counties, and not as men of cities and boroughs; (fn. 12) and whereas the King had appointed William Trussel and Thomas de Blastone to be assessors of the fifteenth in the City, or to make composition for the same, and the said fifteenth had been compounded for a sum of 1,100 marks, the King signifies his readiness to accept that sum albeit inadequate, and directs that it be paid to Master Paul de Montefiore (de Monte Florum), his clerk, without delay. Dated at Aukelond, 8 Dec. [9 Edward III, A.D. 1335].
Writ to the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer to the effect that the Mayor and Commonalty of the City of London had complained that whereas they had paid the King 1,100 marks in respect of the fifteenth granted by the Commons of the realm in the eighth year of the King's reign, (fn. 13) and had afterwards granted a sum of 500 marks, out of pure good will, towards the expense of hoblers, (fn. 14) they (the Treasurer and Barons) pretended that the Mayor and Commonalty had by these payments made fine for the said fifteenth and hoblers, which they had not done, and had demanded from them 110 marks in respect of the fifteenth and 50 marks for the hoblers to the Queen's use as her gold. This being unjust, they are enjoined to cease from troubling the citizens in this respect. Dated at the vill of St. John, 1 July, 10 Edward III. [A.D. 1336].
Folio lvi b.
Writ of Edward II. to the same that they cease troubling the citizens in respect of a claim by Margaret, wife of King Edward I., to the sum of £200 as Queen's gold in respect of a composition of £2,000 made by the City for the twentieth of their goods granted to the said King Edward I. by the commons of cities and boroughs; (fn. 15) which sum of £200 the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer demanded on the ground that the citizens had paid the aforesaid sum of £2,000 by way of fine, which they had not done. Witness the King at Westminster, 22 Oct., 11 Edward II. [A.D. 1317].
Pursuant to the above writ, precept was issued to the Sheriffs to summon the Mayor, Aldermen, and citizens to appear before the Barons in the quinzaine of St. Hillary [13 Jan.], to show cause why they should not pay the above sum of £200 on account of a fine of £2,000 paid for a pardon of the twentieth, as appears by the Exchequer Rolls for the thirty-fifth year of King Edward I., which sum of £200 had not been paid, as was testified by Thomas, Earl of Norfolk, Marshal of England, Gilbert de Wygetone, Adam de Eglesfeld, and John de Courtenay, executors of the aforesaid Queen.
The Mayor, Aldermen, and citizens, being duly summoned by John de Ponte and Roger le Barber, appeared on the day appointed, and declared, in their defence, that in times past, in a matter where the citizens of their own liberality and good will granted the King a sum of money, they had never been accustomed to pay Queen's gold thereon, but only where they made a fine to the King, and they demanded judgment. Thereupon the Red Book of the Exchequer being searched, it was found that those who bound themselves in a sum of money to the King were similarly bound to the Queen, although not expressly stated, viz., in 1 mark of gold for 100 marks of silver. Also the Rolls and Memoranda of the Exchequer being searched, it was found that the aforesaid Queen and all other Queens had hitherto received their gold on all grants as well as fines whatsoever. Thereupon the Mayor, Aldermen, and citizens could say no more, and precept was issued for levying the money.
Grant by Henry Wymond to John his son of all his goods and chattels in the town of Feversham and at "labealassise" in the parish of Sellyng, co. Kent. Dated Wednesday after the Feast of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 15 Edward III. .
Writ alias to the Sheriffs that they summon the Mayor, Aldermen, citizens, and good men of the City to appear before the Barons of the Exchequer on the morrow of Clausum Pasche, (fn. 16) to show cause why they had not paid the sum of 110 marks by way of Queen's gold to Queen Philippa, according to their promise as appears by the Exchequer Rolls. Witness R[obert] de Sadyngtone at Westminster, 7 Feb., 16 Edward III. [A.D. 1341-2].
Lease by William Dode, cordwainer, to Thomas West, girdler, and Matilda his wife, of a certain tenement with garden, &c., which the lessor inherited from Matilda his sister, daughter of John Dode, situate in the parish of St. Michael de Bassieshawe, near the tenement of John Huntecook, and extending up to the garden of the Guildhall towards the west. To hold the same for a term of ten years at an annual rent of 6s. Witnesses, John de Dallynge, Nicholas de Caustone, John de Writele, William de Tudenham, Roger Stokfisshe, Thomas Rose, clerk, and others [not named]. Dated Wednesday after the Feast of St. Valentine [14 Feb.], 16 Edward III. [A.D. 1341-2].
Folio lvii b.
In the Husting held for Common Pleas on Monday after the Feast of St. Matthias, Ap. [24 Feb.], 16 Edward III. [A.D. 1341- 1342], good men of the Ward of Colmanstrete elected William de Thorneye, pepperer, to be Alderman of the Ward in place of Ralph de Uptone, draper, deceased, &c. And the said William was sworn, &c.
Indenture of covenant by William Box, merchant, that a grant made to him by Geoffrey de Westone, draper, and Margaret his wife, of an annual rent of £4 charged on their tenements in Bredstrete in the parish of All Hallows shall be void on payment of a sum of £20 at Michaelmas, A.D. 1043. (fn. 17) Dated Saturday the morrow of the Nativity B. M. [8 Sept.], 14 Edward III, A.D. 1340. Witnesses, Richard de Welleford, John de Tiffeld, William le Botiller, John Turk, John de Greylond, and others [not named].
Afterwards, viz., on Wednesday after the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 16 Edward III. [A.D. 1341-2], came William Box before Roger Depham, Alderman, and Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, and acknowledged he had received the above sum of £20, and the indenture was cancelled and delivered to an attorney of Master Michael de Northburg, clerk.
Writ to the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer that they allow to the Mayor and citizens the sum of £10 paid by them, at the King's order, to William de Altekar, valet of the King's Wardrobe, being the rent paid by the citizens for the vill of Suthwerk from the 17th June, 9 Edward III. [A.D. 1335], up to Easter last. Dated at Staunford, 26 Nov. [A.D. 1341].
Writ to the same that they allow for the sum of 100s. paid by the citizens to the above William de Altekar, by the King's order, out of the ferm due for Suthwerk. Witness the King at Staunford, 26 Nov. [A.D. 1341].
Writ to the same that they allow for the sum of £10 similarly paid by the King's order to Richard Calewar by the citizens for one year from Easter, anno 8 Edward III. [A.D. 1334] Witness the King at Staunford, 26 Nov. [A.D. 1341].
Folio lviii b.
Another copy of writ (fn. 18) to the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer touching an excess of ferm paid by the citizens for the bailiwick of Suthwerk. Witness Edward, Duke of Cornwall, &c., 5 Aug., 13 Edward III. [A.D. 1339].
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs forbidding them to demand murage of the Prior and Brethren of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem, contrary to their charters and the statutes passed in the last reign. (fn. 19) Witness the King at Westminster, 5 March, 16 Edward III. [A.D. 1341-2].
Folio lix b.
Grant by Brother Henry de Purlee, Master of the Hospital of St. James de Cherryngge, near Westminster, (fn. 20) and brethren and sisters of the same, to William de Mussendene of an annual pension of 100s. issuing from certain tenements belonging to Dame Isabella Godchepe, and lately to Richard de Brusyngham, at the corner of Bredstrete; to hold the said pension during the.
sol ijs. vjd lives of Sir Simon de "Heleghe," chaplain, and Juliana Blundel, in place of the daily corrody (fn. 21) furnished by the grantors to the said Simon and Juliana. Dated Saturday before Easter [31 March], A.D. 1342.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs that they cause two of the best seamen of the City to attend a Council (fn. 22) to be held at Westminster on Monday after the Feast of St. Mark [25 April], to consult with other seamen for the safety of the Kingdom. Witness the King at Westminster, 15 April, 16 Edward III. [A.D. 1342].
Writ to the same bidding them supply John de Monte Gomeri, appointed Admiral of the fleet from the mouth of the Thames westward, with victuals and archers. Witness the King at Westminster, 15 April, 16 Edward III. [A.D. 1342].
Deed of surrender by William de Mussendene to Sir Simon de "Hylegh," chaplain, and Juliana Bloundel of the annual quitrent of 100s. granted to him by the Master, &c., of the Hospital of St. James de Cherryngge, near Westminster, in respect of a daily corrody furnished by the said hospital to the said Simon and Juliana, to hold the said quitrent to the said Simon and Juliana for their lives. John de Oxenford, Mayor, Richard de Berkyngge, [and] John de la Rokele, Sheriffs, Andrew Aubrey, Alderman of the Ward. (fn. 23) Witnesses, Peter Fyvyan, Thomas de Oxenford, William de Wallyngford, skinner, Walter de Billyngham, Thomas de Merewode, clerk, and others [not named] Dated Saturday after the Feast of St. Ambrose [4 April], 16 Edward III. [A.D. 1342].
Folio lx b.
Appointment by Robert, son of Michael Tulsan, of Walter le Bret as guardian of Johanna his (Robert's) daughter and of her tenements in the parish of St. Mary de Wolcherchehawe until she come of age. Dated 10 May, 16 Edward III. [A.D. 1342].
Monday before the Feast of SS. Philip and James [1 May], 16 Edward III. [A.D. 1342], the guardianship of Richard, son of John Dykeman, aged eight years, together with an annual quitrent issuing from a tenement held by William de Elsyngge, mercer, within Crepelgate in the parish of St. Alphege, committed by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Chamberlain to Philip Dykeman. Surety for the said Philip, viz., William de Pertenhale.
Another writ to the Sheriffs to summon the Mayor, Aldermen, and good men of the City to appear before the Barons of the Exchequer fifteen days after the day of St. John the Baptist to show cause why they had not paid the sum of 110 marks long since due to Queen Philippa, as Queen's gold, on account of the sum of 1,100 marks agreed to be paid in lieu of a fifteenth granted by Parliament in the eighth year of the King's reign. Witness R[obert] de Sadyngtone at Westminster, 25 June, 16 Edward III. [A.D. 1342].
Agreed by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty that return should be made to the above writ to the effect that it came too late, &c. (adeo tarde etc.), and that Richard de Berkynge and John de la Rokele, the Sheriffs, be indemnified for making such a return.
Be it remembered that on Tuesday the morrow of St. Botolph [17 June], to wit, a little after mid-prime (fn. 24) (mediam primam), John de Oxenford, the Mayor, died, and immediately on the same day, before the ninth hour (horam nonam), (fn. 25) Simon Fraunceys was elected Mayor by the Aldermen and a great multitude of commoners then assembled in the Guildhall, and on the morrow he was presented and sworn before the Barons of the Exchequer at Westminster.