Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: F, 1337-1352. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1904.
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De retib' capt' in Thamisia et combust'.
At a congregation of the Mayor and Aldermen on Wednesday after the Feast of the Assumption B. M. [15 Aug.], 17 Edward III. [A.D. 1343], certain nets of unlawful mesh found in the Thames to the west of London Bridge condemned to be burnt. (fn. 1)
Acquietanc' Thome de Sewelle per Joh'em le Yonge.
sol' ijs. vjd.
Quitclaim by John, son of Robert le Yonge, late bureller of "Candelwykestre," to Thomas de Sewelle, bureller of the same street, and Amicia his wife, mother of the aforesaid John, and principal executrix of the said Robert, and to William de Braughynge, John le Neve, and Robert de Hatfeld, mainpernors of the said Thomas de Sewelle, of anything due under the will of his father. Dated Saturday the eve of the Feast of St. Laurence [10 Aug.], 17 Edward III. [A.D. 1343].
Fos lxxi b-lxxii.
Treuge inter Reges Inglie et Frani' etc.
Letter of Peter, (fn. 2) Vice-Chancellor of the Holy Roman Church, and Ambald, Bishop of Tusculum, making public the terms of a truce for three years between the Kings of England and France. Dated at the Benedictine Priory of St. Mary Magdalen of Malestroit (fn. 3) (de Malestrito) in the diocese of Vannes [19 Jan.], A.D. 1343 [sic]. (fn. 4)
Folio lxxii b.
Br'e de errore corrigendo in placito moto int' Joh'em de Willehale et Alic' que fuit ux' Ric'i de Willehale viz. apud Sc' m Martinum Magnum etc.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs that they assist William de Shareshulle, Roger Hillary, and Richard de Kelleshulle, Justices appointed to hear a plea in error from the Husting, at the church of St. Martin le Grand, (fn. 5) between John de Willehale and Alice, wife of Richard de Willehale, touching a messuage and shops; the previous judgment in the Husting being prejudicial to William Pykerel, "seler," (fn. 6) and the aforesaid Alice, now his wife. Dated 2 July, 17 Edward III. [A.D. 1343].
Premunicio Will'i de Shareshulle, Rog'i Hillary et Ric'i de Kelleshulle Justic' assign' pro dc' o errore corrigend' si etc.
Citation of the Mayor and Sheriffs by the above Justices to appear at the church of St. Martin le Grand on Sunday after the quinzaine of St. Michael, on the above matter. Dated at Oxford, Friday the Feast of St. James [25 July], 17 Edward III. [A.D. 1343].
Comp' Thome de Maryns Camerar'.
Account of Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain of the Guildhall, rendered before Richard Lacer, William de Poumfreyt, and Richard de Berkyng, Aldermen, William Box, William de Elsynge, Thomas de Waldene, and John de Tiffeld, commoners, the 20th Sept., 17 Edward III. [A.D. 1343], for three years. Among the items of expenditure occurs one of 100s. on the repair, &c., of the Guildhall.
Folio lxxiii b.
Br'e pro errore corrigendo.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs that they assist Robert Parvynge, Roger Hillary, Thomas de Heppescotes, and John de Martone, Justices assigned to hear a plea in error from the Husting at the church of St. Martin le Grand between the Abbot of Waltham Holy Cross and Adam le Treyere for wrongful detention. Dated at the Tower of London, 2 July, 15 Edward III. [A.D. 1341].
Order to the Mayor and Sheriffs by the above Justices to produce at the church of St. Martin le Grand on Sunday before the Feast of St. James [25 July] the record and process of the above matter. Dated Sunday after the Feast of Translation of St. Thomas the Martyr [7 July], 15 Edward III. [A.D. 1341].
Return made to the effect that the franchise of the City does not allow of a record and process of any plea in the Husting of the City being sent or returned before Justices assigned to sit in error touching such plea at St. Martin le Grand; but the Mayor and Aldermen to whom the record and process belong will be prepared to testify by the mouth of the Recorder on the matter, after a respite of forty days (fn. 7) for consultation, according to the custom of the City.
Return by the Sheriffs that they had duly summoned the Abbot of Waltham to attend by Robert le Ropere and Alexander Lucas.
Sicut pluries pro auro Regine.
Writ pluries to the Sheriffs to levy 110 marks due for Queen's gold on the goods and chattels of the Mayor and Commonalty Witness W[illiam] de Stowe at Westminster, 10 Oct., 17 Edward III. [A.D. 1343]. (fn. 8)
Br'e Reg' pro Ric'o de Canterbyrs lardi nar' Reg' de custodia gaole de Neugate habenda.
Writ to the Sheriffs to summon the Mayor and Commonalty before the King's Chancery to show cause why the keepership of Neugate had not been committed to Richard de Canterbyrs, clerk of the King's kitchen (lardinarius noster), as the King had desired; to hold the same in manner as it had been formerly held by Richard de Hereford and Edmund le Lorimer by grant of the King's ancestors. (fn. 9) Dated 15 Oct., 17 Edward III. [A.D. 1343].
Folio lxxiv b.
Br'e d'ni Reg' pro execucione habenda de quinque mill librar' mutuat' d'no J Archi ep'o et al' etc.
Writ to the Sheriff of York for William de Kyldesby, clerk, to appear in the Chancery to show cause why a levy should not be made on his lands and chattels for the sum of £5,000 in which he was jointly bound with John [Stratford], Archbishop of Canterbury, William la Zouche, Dean of York, Henry de Ferariis, and John de Pulteneye, Knt., to Andrew Aubrey, the Mayor, John de Oxon', Simon Fraunceys, Walter de Mordone, Henry Wymond, and Thomas de Maryns, and why the said sum should not be delivered to the said Andrew, Simon, Walter, Henry, and Thomas, and to Richard de Rothynge, Walter Neel, Adam Brabasoun, and John de Wythorn de Dountone, executors of the said John de Oxon', deceased. Witness the King at Westminster, 20 Nov., 17 Edward III. [A.D. 1343].
Similar writs to the Sheriffs of York, London, and Kent for the appearance of the other parties to the bond.
Quare custodia gaole de Neu gate non libe ratur Ric'o de Cauntebirs.
Writ to the Sheriffs to summon the Mayor and Commonalty to appear in the Chancery to show cause why they should not grant the keepership of Neugate to Richard de Canterbirs, the King's clerk of the kitchen, as commanded. Dated 16 Nov., 17 Edward III. [A.D. 1343].
Script' Will'i Payn et ux'is ejus per Joh'em de Shordyche sellar' et ux'm ejus.
sol' ijs. vjd.
Indenture of lease by John de Shoredyche, saddler, and Hawisia his wife to William Payne, "fuster," and Juliana his wife of a tenement in the parish of St. Alphege within Crepelgate for a term of 20¼ years, charged with the yearly payment of 15s. quitrent to the abbot and convent of Lesnes. (fn. 10) John de Pulteneye, Mayor, William Curteys and John called "clerk," (fn. 11) Sheriffs, Richard Costanty[n], Alderman of the Ward. (fn. 12) Witnesses, William de Elsynge, William de Pertenhale, John de Shirbourne, clerk, Roger de Mymmes, Peter le Peyntour, Gilbert le Kervere, John de Totenham, chaundeler, Richard Tailboys, Serjeant of the Ward, and others [not named]. Dated Wednesday after the Feast of St. Andrew [30 Nov.], 10 Edward III. [A.D. 1336].
Acknowledged by the above John and Hawysia before John Hamond, the Mayor, Tuesday after the Feast of St. Lucia [13 Dec.], 17 Edward III. [A.D. 1343].
Folio lxxv b.
De falso pon dere candelar'.
Friday after the Feast of St. Nicholas [6 Dec], 17 Edward III. [A.D. 1343], there were brought before John Hamond, the Mayor, Henry Darci, Andrew Aubrey, Roger de Depham, William de Caustone, Richard Lacer, Walter Turk, Walter Neel, Richard de Rothynge, William de Thorneye, John Rokele, John de Ayllesham, Walter de Mordone, John de Northalle, and William Poumfreyt, Aldermen, certain candles of false weight, viz., 5 lb., found with Alice la Strengere residing near the New Temple; 111 lb. found with Alice, late wife of Robert le Chaundeler, residing in the same place;25 lb. found with Alice, wife of Robert le Noreys, "chaundeler," residing at Westsmethefeld; 212 lb. found with Ralph le Chaundeler residing on Cornhulle. By favour of the Mayor the said candles were restored to the owners on the understanding that any false candles found with them in future should be confiscated.
De xx s liberat Alicie matri Petri de Reymes.
Friday after the Feast of St. Lucia [13 Dec.], 17 Edward III. [A.D. 1343], came John Vivent, executor of John de Pampesworth, before Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, and paid the sum of 20s. late in the custody of the said John de Pampesworth, which sum had been bequeathed by Peter le Cok to Peter de Reymes, his godson (filiolo). Afterwards, viz., on Thursday after the Epiphany [6 Jan.], the same year, the money aforesaid was delivered, with the consent of the said Peter de Reymes, then fourteen years of age, to Alice his mother in trust. Sureties for the said Alice, viz., Richard de Kent, tailor, and William Hervy.
De custodia borte de Ludgate.
Be it remembered that David de Leycestre, Robert de Uttokeshatre, Richard de Berkynge, "brewere," John Copel, "brewere," Adam de Yiveneye, "sporiere," Thomas le Hornere, Gregory de Ramseye, Nicholas Peautrer, Stephen le Brewere, William de Gloucestre, "bowyere," Adam Haket, "bowiere," and John atte Watre, "cotiller," elected Thomas atte Crouche, "sporiere," to keep the keys of Ludgate.
Quoddam mem d de Scaccario.
Extract from the Pipe Roll, anno 18 Edward III., touching the sum of 1,500 marks paid by the Commonalty of the City in respect of a fifteenth for two years, granted anno 14; (fn. 13) and also of a sum of 500 marks paid by way of fine for respite of an Iter at the Tower.
Monday the morrow of St. Thomas, Ap. [21 Dec.], 17 Edward III. [A.D. 1343], Thomas atte Grene and Hugh Joye, weavers, admitted bailiffs of the Weavers, and sworn before John Hamond, the Mayor, and the Aldermen.
Acquietanc' Isabell' God chepe par Will' de Tudenham et Johane sa femme.
Acquittance by William de Tudenham, mercer, and Johanna his wife, daughter of Hugh de Waltham, late of London, clerk, (fn. 14) to Isabella Godchepe, guardian of the said Johanna, for all property due to the said Johanna. Witnesses, John de Bromholm, William Clerk, Nicholas atte Forde, John de Sothereye, Nicholas Hablond, Nicholas de Harewedone, clerk, and others [not named]. Dated Wednesday after the Purification B. M. [2 Feb.], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1343-4].
Acknowledged before Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, on Saturday after the Purification.
Br'e quod blada non ducantur extra regnum nisi ad certa regna.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation against the exportation of corn except to Gascony, Ireland, Flanders, Brittany, Brabant, Spain, Holland, Zeeland, and Almain, and from the following ports, viz., London, Southampton, Exeter, Dartmouth, Bristol, Great Yarmouth, Lynne, St. Botolph, (fn. 15) Kingston-on-Hull, and Newcastle-on-Tyne, and not from elsewhere Witness the King at Dittone, 23 Dec., 17 Edward III. [A.D. 1343]. (fn. 16)
Proclamation made accordingly on Monday before Christmas.
Folio lxxvi b-lxxvii.
Br'e quod nullus indi gen' sine alie nig' bullas instr' in regnum Angl' deferrat prejudicialia.
Writ to the Sheriffs to cause proclamation to be made forbidding the bringing into the country of any Papal Bull or other instrument or process prejudicial to the inhabitants of the realm, and to make diligent search for those doing the same. Dated 30 Jan., 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1343-4]. (fn. 17)
Proclamation made accordingly on Monday after the Purification B. M. [2 Feb.].
Folio lxxvii b.
Br'e d'ni Reg' quod utlagati vel retracti reveniant ad gr'am R' vidz pro lanis non custumatis.
Writ to the Sheriffs to proclaim a safe conduct to those convicted before Robert Parvyng and his fellow Justices of having illegally exported wool, hides, and woolfells who were willing to come and make fine to the King before Sunday in mid-Lent. Dated at Dittone, 2 Jan., 17 Edward III. [1343-4].
Proclamation made accordingly on Thursday after the Feast of Epiphany.
Another writ appointing the time of grace to continue until Easter. Proclamation accordingly on Tuesday before the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1343-4].
Br'e d'ni Reg' pro moneta auri non refu tand'.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation of the issue of three new gold pieces of money, bearing respectively two leopards, one leopard, and a helmet (heaume), of the value of 6s., 3s., and 1s. 6d., and for their due acceptance as currency. Dated at Westminster, 27 Jan, 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1343-4]. (fn. 18)
Proclamation made accordingly on Sunday before the Purification [2 Feb.].
Br'e d'ni pro iiij hominibus magis suffici entibus et no tiliam de statu navigii h'ent' contra med' quadragesi mam.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs that they cause four good men versed in naval matters to attend the King and his Council on Monday after mid-Lent [21 March], to consult upon the state of the navy. Witness the King at Westminster, 6 Feb., 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1343-4]. (fn. 19)
Writ to the Sheriffs for proclamation to be made forbidding any earl, baron, knight, esquire, or any other person bearing arms, religious or pilgrim, to leave the kingdom for foreign parts without special licence, on pain of arrest. Witness the King at Westminster, 9 Feb., 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1343-4]. (fn. 20)
Proclamation made accordingly on Thursday before the Feast of St. Valentine [14 Feb].
Acquietanc' Benedicti de Folsham per Adam fil' Aae de Masshebury.
General release by Adam, son of Adam de Masshebury, to Benedict de Folsham in respect of his father's will. Dated 20 Feb., 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1343-4].
Acquietanc' Ade fil' Ade de Masshebury per Benedictum de Folsham.
General release by Benedict de Folsham to Adam, son of Adam de Masshebury. Dated 20 Feb., 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1343-4].
The above releases acknowledged before Andrew Aubrey, Alderman, and Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, on Monday after the Feast of St. Matthias, Ap. [24 Feb.], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1343-4].
Bre quod vina gaugeantur.
Writ to the Sheriffs for proclamation to be made for all wines to be brought to Thomas de Colleye, the gauger of wines, and not to be discharged from ships and carried away secretly. Witness the King at Westminster, 25 Feb., 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1343-4].
Proclamation made accordingly on Sunday after the Feast of St. Matthias [24 Feb.].
Folio lxxviii b.
Scriptum Joh'is de Dunle et ux'is eius per Joh' de Refham et ux'm eius.
sol ijs. vjd.
Lease by John, son of John de Refham, and Matilda his wife, to John de Dunle, pepperer, and Johanna his wife, of a shop in Sopereslane, situate near shops held by John de Cavendisshe, mercer, and William le Botoner; to hold the same for a term of twelve years at an annual rent of 20s. Witnesses, John de Cavendisshe, Richard Scarlet, William Botoner, and others [not named]. Dated Thursday before the Feast of St. Valentine [14 Feb.], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1343-4].
Acknowledged before Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, on Saturday the 7th March.
Br'e d'ni Regis pro moneta auri et argenti concurrent' in Angliam.
Writ to the Sheriffs to proclaim the issue of three new gold pieces of money and of new silver sterlings of the old assay; the same to be received as currency, under penalty. Dated at Westminster, 2 March, 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1343-4]. (fn. 21)
Concordia inter Pisce narios et Pelli parios.
Thursday before the Feast of St. Andrew [30 Nov.], 17 Edward III. [A.D. 1343], precept issued by John Hamond, the Mayor, to Walter Lombard, serjeant, to summon the better men of the misteries of Fishmongers and Skinners to appear before the Mayor, Aldermen, and Sheriffs, on Saturday the eve of St. Andrew, to take steps for putting down disturbances that had arisen between men of each mistery and for better preserving the peace. On the day named, there being present the Mayor, and Henry Darci, Roger de Depham, Richard Lacer, Walter Turk, John de Mockynge, John de Northalle, William de Pountfreyt, and Thomas Leggy, Aldermen, and John de Aylesham and John Syward, the Sheriffs, there came the following men of the mistery of Fishmongers, viz., John de Mockynge, Walter Turk, William Haunsard, John Syward, William Box, John de Croydon, Adam Brabazon, John de Gloucestre, William de Ware, John Triple, John Tornegold, Henry Brenge, William de Watford, Robert Swote, Richard Lambethe, Adam Pykeman, John Youn, John Leche, Richard Double, Henry Graspays, John Little, John Rous, Robert Popelton, Robert Pykeman, John Horn, Flemyng, Robert Furneux, Robert Halpenny, Henry Sterre de Halybourne, Geoffrey Horn, Adam de Kyngestone, Thomas Prat, John Moncoy, Henry Sterre Moncoy [sic], William Kere, John de Refham, Richard Pynnore, William de Fulham, Thomas de Bernes, Nicholas Madefrey, and William de Bernes; also there came the following men of the mistery of Skinners, viz., John de Northhalle, William de Pountfreyt, Thomas Leggy, William de Cave, Richard de Lincoln, William de Wyrcestre, John de Bedeford, Simon Rote, Robert de Eynesham, Laurence Sely, John Trappe, John le Bole, Elyas Dycoun, Thomas de Farnham, Richard de Carletone, Walter Page, Simon de Pulham, John de Oxon', Adam Aspal, John Yweyn, Robert de St. John, Robert de Glapwell, Robert de Derby, William de Bradelee, William de Walyngford, Hugh de St. Neot, Robert de Stodham, Robert Makeseye, John de Bery, and William de Lichebergh; and the aforesaid men made oath that they would in future make diligent search for misdoers of either mistery and certify their names to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Sheriffs. It was also agreed that the aforesaid men of the said misteries should have the power of arresting such misdoers and bringing them to the Sheriffs for punishment.
Names of Skinners elected for safeguarding their mistery, viz., William de Cave, John de Bedeford, Laurence Sely, William de Bradele, Simon Rote, John Bole, Thomas de Farnham, John de Oxon', Richard de Carletone, Walter Page, Simon de Pulham, and Adam Aspal.
Br'e R' Baron' de Scaccario pro civibus London'.
Writ to the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer that they allow the City the sum of 1,500 marks due to the King in respect of a fifteenth granted for two years (under the name of a ninth for two years), (fn. 22) and a further sum of 500 marks in respect of a respite of an Iter in their account of the sum of £5,000 which the King had borrowed, and for which a recognizance had been made by John [Stratford], Archbishop of Canterbury, William la Zouche, late Dean of York, Henry de Ferariis, Knt., William de Kyldesby, clerk, and John de Pulteneye, Knt., to the Mayor, &c (fn. 23) Witness the King at Westminster, 3 March, 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1343-4].
Indentura int Joh'em de Refe ham et Matill ux'm ejus dimitt' et Ric'm Scarlet et I oram ux' m ejus recip'.
sol' ij s vj d.
Lease by John, son of John de Refham, and Matilda his wife, to Richard Scarlet, mercer, and Lora his wife, of a certain shop at the head of "Shopereslane" towards Westchepe, in the parish of St. Pancras, for a term of twelve years at an annual rent of 7 marks. Witnesses, Thomas de Cavendisshe, Nicholas de Grenewych, Henry atte Rothe, John de Cavendisshe, William le Botoner, and others [not named]. Dated Friday, the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1343-4].
Acknowledged before the Chamberlain on Saturday the morrow of St. Gregory.
Composicio facta de venella vocata la Bretaskelane.
Be it remembered that on Thursday after the octave of the Purification B. M. [2 Feb], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1343-4], came Richard de Basyngestoke, goldsmith, before John Hamond, the Mayor, and Aldermen, saying that he had acquired from Thomas de Porkelee, goldsmith, a messuage and wharf near the lane called "Bretaske," which lane the aforesaid Thomas had closed up, but it had been opened again by order of the Mayor and Aldermen; (fn. 24) and in the lane there now stand eight posts on City soil, supporting a messuage belonging to the said Richard, who asks the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty to go and view them to see if they are prejudicial to the Commonalty, so that compensation might be made by a transfer of an equal quantity of land belonging to the said Richard to the Commonalty. On the following Friday, the posts being viewed by John Hamond, the Mayor, Roger de Depham, Bartholomew Deumars, John Rokel, and William de Pomfreyt, Aldermen, Henry de Prestone, Thomas de Ispania, and other good men of the Ward of Douegate, it was decided that they should be allowed to remain where they were, the Commonalty receiving a parcel of land in exchange.
De sessio [sic] Justic' apud Sanctum Mar tinum Mag num quod non cedat in preju dicium civita tis etc .
The King's letters patent to the effect that a commission, nominating William Scot, William de Edyngdone, John Hamond, the Mayor, and William Trussel, senior, to be Justices to inquire into the names of those parties who unlawfully export wool and woolfels and import bad money, shall not be drawn into a precedent or be to the City's prejudice. Witness the King at Marlebergh, (fn. 25) 30 March, 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344].
De sotular' basene vend' pro corio alute.
iijs iiij a.
Tuesday after the Feast of St. Alphege [19 April], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344], came William de Grubbelane, John de Crikelee, Peter de Kyngestone, and other wardens of the mistery of Cordwainers, and complained that John de Swalclive sold to a certain tailor a pair of shoes of bazen (de corio basene) as being of cordwain (pro corio allute), (fn. 26) and they declare on oath that the said shoes were made as described. And the aforesaid John says that he sold no shoes to the tailor, but that a servant of his sold the shoes, but whether as being of bazen or of cordwain he knows not, and in the presence of the said Wardens he allowed the said tailor to declare on oath what leather he intended to buy, and he said he bought the shoes as being of cordwain. It was adjudged therefore that the said John should pay the Chamberlain 40 pence to the use of the Commonalty this first time.
Folio lxxx b.
Int' Thom' Leggy et Joh'em de Brendewode.
Nil sol quia Alderm'.
Indenture of covenant that a bond in the sum of £60 entered into by John de Brendewode before William de Poumfreyt, Alderman, and Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, in favour of Thomas Leggy shall be void, on condition that the said Thomas Leggy be allowed quiet possession of certain tenements and rents in the parish of St. Christopher in the Wards of Cornhulle and Bradestrete, without being impleaded for dower of Alice, the wife of the said John. Dated Wednesday after the Feast of the Invention of H. Cross [3 May], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344].
De retibus combustis.
Saturday after the Feast of the Invention of H. Cross [3 May], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344], Thomas Prat, Robert Pykeman, junior, Richard de Kent, John Burdeux, Richard de Lombhethe, junior, and William de Clopham, fishmongers, brought three nets before John Hamond, the Mayor, and the Aldermen at the Guildhall, declaring them to be false, and that they were found in the Thames between Grenewyche and Wollewyche, one of them being the property of John le Ropere, of Grenewyche, another of John Rolf, of the same place, and the third of John le Barber de Erehithe. The said nets being examined by men of the mistery of Fishmongers, sworn before the Mayor, it was found that the three nets called "treinkes" (fn. 27) were clearly not of the [lawful] size of mesh, being no more than half an inch at the most. (fn. 28) They were therefore adjudged to be burnt.
Also on the Tuesday following two nets were taken from William Arnald de Grenewyche and William Proudefot de Grenewyche and were burnt in Chepe, for that they were found to be false.
Billa pro repa racione vici extra Alegate.
At a congregation of Mayor and Aldermen on Friday the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1343-4], the following bill was sent to Alexander le Mareschal, Robert Andreu, John le Longe, Simon atte Corner, John le Houder, and John le Bedel by the Mayor to the following effect, viz. : We command and charge you on your allegiance to the lord the King and the City that you take from every cart coming with merchandise, victuals, or other things for sale through the gate of Alegate one penny per week, and from every baker's cart two pence per week, for the repair of the road outside the gate within the franchise for the easement of those coming to and from the City. Dated 10 May, 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344].