Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: G, 1352-1374. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1905.
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Grant by John de Stodeye, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Commonalty of the City to John de Redbourne, "carpenter," of a parcel of land outside Algate for a term of sixty years, at an annual rent of 12s. Dated in the Chamber of the Guildhall, Thursday the Feast of St. Alphege [19 April], 32 Edward III. [A.D. 1358].
Folio lxxi b.
Grant by the same to Robert de Oxenford, "masoun," of a parcel of land outside Algate for a term of forty years, at an annual rent of 20s. Dated in the Chamber of the Guildhall, 12 Sept., 32 Edward III. [A.D. 1358].
Be it remembered that on Monday after the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov.], 32 Edward III. [A.D. 1358], John Lovekyn, the Mayor, John de Stodeye, Alderman, and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain, sold to Richard Patrik, brewer, and Alice his wife an elm standing on ground belonging to the Commonalty near the tenement of the said Richard and Alice in "la Morstrate," in the parish of St. Giles without Crepulgate, for the sum of 10s., with permission to cut it down or leave it standing as they might think fit.
Folio lxxi b-lxxii b.
Proclamation made temp. John de Stodeye, the Mayor, viz., on Monday before the Feast of St. Lucia [13 Dec.], 31 Edward III. [A.D. 1357], of the following ordinances (inter alia): (fn. 1) —
That no one harbour any person more than one day and one night, unless he be good and loyal and ready to answer for him if he do anything contrary to the peace; and that every one of the City in the peace of our lord the King be empowered, in the absence of officers, to arrest felons and evildoers, and bring them to the Sheriffs to do execution as the law wills.
That no taverner sell wine of Vernaccia (vin vernache), "Creet," and other sweet wine or Rhenish (Reneys), nor sell by any measure except standard measure, sealed, like other kind of wine, under penalty; and that any taverner who has such kind of sweet wine to sell shall not put other wine of Gascony or Rhenish in the same cellar to sell in the same tavern, on pain of forfeiture of the wine as ordained and proclaimed recently (einz ces houres) by writ of our lord the King.
That no one sell sweet wines nor warrant wine of Vernaccia for "Creet" or "Ryver" for "Malvesie," but each wine shall be sold for what it really is and without any admixture, under pain of forfeiture.
That no manner of corn be sold at Billynggesgate or Queenhithe before the hour of half Prime (demy prime) and at Grascherche and Neugate before Prime; and that no merchantstranger coming to the City by land or water sell his corn beforehand (devaunt la meyn) by sample, but bring it to open market, and that no one go by land or water to meet corn or other victual to buy or bargain for the same before it come to open market, but it is lawful for cornmongers and others, denizen or foreign, to go into the country and buy such things on a farm or in a barn and bring them to London as they will.
That no one buy any manner of corn, barley, or salt, or other manner of victual to leave in the hands of the vendors to sell again by wholesale or retail, or make any covenant whereby the price may be enhanced, under pain of forfeiture.
That no cornmonger or other person buy corn, barley, or salt coming to the City by land or water, to resell the same until that which shall have come by water shall have remained at Billyngesgate or Queenhithe in open market three market days.
Folio lxxii b.
Be it remembered that on Friday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 32 Edward III. [A.D. 1358], it was ordained by John de Stodeye, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the Commonalty that all who have willingly agreed to contribute a certain sum for divers affairs of the City shall have the same levied upon them, and that those who are able to contribute to the aid, but are unwilling to do so, shall be assessed by the Mayor and four Aldermen to pay a sum proportionate to their wealth, and shall be distrained upon for that sum in aid of the City's affairs, and for presents sent to the Queen of Scotland, (fn. 2) &c.
Monday after the Feast of St. John ante portam Latinam [6 May], 32 Edward III. [A.D. 1358], Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain, showed to John de Stodeye, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, that a certain house within Algate called "la Weyhous" had fallen down, the said house appertaining to the business of weighing of corn on its way to the mills, and that the said pesage belonged to the Mayor for the time being. (fn. 3) He therefore prayed them to order that it be repaired. Whereupon they gave orders that the same should be kept in repair by the Chamberlain for the time being, who was to have the enjoyment of the solar over the weigh-house.
Temp. John Lovekyn, Mayor, 33 Edward III.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation of a Statute recently made by the King and his Council (fn. 4) forbidding the exposure of red and white wines for sale before they have been gauged by the King's Gauger or his deputy, under penalty of forfeiture. Witness the King at Westminster, 5 Dec., 32 Edward III. [A.D. 1358]. (fn. 5)
Folio lxxiii b.
6 Feb., 33 Edward III. [A.D. 1358-9], came William Godryche, "foundour," and Thomas Charlewode, girdler, before the Mayor, and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain, and acknowledged that they had in their keeping a sum of money in trust for Matilda, daughter of Bartholomew de Astwode, aged eleven years. A day given for them to bring it in. And be it remembered that Walter Salman and William "Goddryche," executors of the said Bartholomew, had the custody of the said Matilda from the thirty-third [sic] year of Edward III. until the 6 Feb., 33 Edward III. [A.D. 1358-9], during which time they received property belonging to the said Matilda to the value of 5 marks, for which they rendered account before John Lovekyn, the Mayor, and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain. Total sum received £10, whereof 40s. paid for apprenticing the said Matilda.
16 Feb., 33 Edward III. [A.D. 1358-9], the guardianship of Margaret, daughter of William Cadoun, late girdler, committed by John Lovekyn, the Mayor, William de Welde, Hugh de Sadelyngstanes, Simon de Worstede, William Holbeche, Aldermen, and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain, to Richard Russel, girdler, together with the sum of £20. Sureties, viz., Stephen Edolph, girdler, and Stephen Kynge, girdler.
The same day the guardianship of Roger, son of the above William Cadoun, aged thirteen years, was committed to John Abraham, girdler, together with the sum of £20. Sureties, viz., William Godriche, "foundour," John Bartelot, girdler, and Roger Reygate.
At a congregation of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Chamberlain, in the Chamber of the Guildhall on Thursday, the 7th March, 33 Edward III. [A.D. 1358-9], there being present John Lovekyn, the Mayor, Adam Fraunceys, William Tudenham, William Holebeche, Simon de Worstede, Richard de Notyngham, John Wroth, Richard Smelt, Simon Dolsely, John Chichestre, Stephen Cavendisshe, William de Welde, and Hugh de Sadelyngstanes, Aldermen, and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain, there came Nicholas, son of John Mokkynge, late fishmonger, and claimed his property in the custody of John Maleweyn; and the said Nicholas appearing to be capable of managing his affairs, order was given to William de Greyngham, Serjeant of the Chamber, to deliver up his property.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation of the names of the King's purveyors and their deputies (herewith sent), with instructions that nothing be given or sold to them unless they first show and read their commission, inasmuch as complaint had been made of extortion practised by those claiming to be purveyors of the King's household, contrary to the statutes. Witness the King at Westminster, 1 Feb., 33 Edward III. [A.D. 1358-9].
Folio lxxiv b.
The King's Purveyors.
Sir William de Clee, "avener"; (fn. 6) John Bisshopestone, Adam Queldryk, Walter Comptone, Thomas Wodeford, and Henry Birkyn, purveyors of hay (de fein) in Kent under him.
Richard de Neutone, with the King; William de Hemmyngford, Kent; John de Wermyngtone, Lincoln; Richard Boys, Somerset and Dorset; John Okebourne, Essex; John Rolf, Norfolk; John Chamberleyn, York; and Thomas Slak, Wiltshire and Suthampton, purveyors of oats (aveynes) under him.
Master Walter de Coutone, "esquiller," (fn. 7) and Richard de Kent, purveyor under him.
Thursday before the Feast of St. Peter ad Vincula [1 Aug.], 32 Edward III. [A.D. 1358], Thomas Moricz, Common Serjeant of the City, showed to John de Stodeye, the Mayor, and the Aldermen that a certain William de Wandlesworth, corder, had died after appointing as his executors Henry Precious, his apprentice, and Alice his wife, now married to John de Swalclyve, cordwainer, and he desired that the said Henry and John might be summoned to answer for the property in their hands. They are accordingly summoned by John de Gaytone, Serjeant of the Chamber, and render account before Simon de Worsted and Richard de Notyngham, Aldermen, and Thomas Morice as auditors. Henry Precious appears and obtains his discharge, but John de Swalclyve makes default, and an order for attachment is issued against him.
Quitclaim by John, son of John, son of Sir John de Rivers ("de Ripariis"), Knt., to Ralph, Earl of Stafford, of the manors of Castel Aungre, Stanford Ryvers, Tracys, and the hundred of Aungre, and all other lands and tenements held by the said Earl in the county of Essex. Witnesses, William de Welde, Simon de Benyngtone, John Colpeper, William Tank, Richard Culpeper, John Bamptone, and others [not named]. Dated 3 April, 33 Edward III. [A.D. 1359].
Writ of Privy Seal to the Sheriffs to make proclamation that the King intended to cross the sea to France to put an end to the war, on the Feast of St. John [24 June], as previously determined, notwithstanding pending negotiations. (fn. 8) Dated at Westminster, 4 April, 33 Edward III. [A.D. 1359].
Folio lxxv b.
Record of proceedings touching a quitrent originally bequeathed by Ralph de Bow for the purpose of a chantry in the church of St. Mary le Bow, and for the recovery of which William de Ilkestone, parson of the said church, and parishioners of the same, had brought an assize of freshforce against John le Chaundeler and Richard Bacoun, Wardens of London Bridge, before John Bures and John Bernes, Sheriffs, and the Coroner, anno 33 Edward III. The Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty agree that the Wardens of London Bridge for the time being shall continue to pay the quitrent claimed. (fn. 9) No date.
Extract from the Great Roll [of the Exchequer], anno 32 Edward III.:— The citizens of London render account of £10 yearly ferm for the vill of Suthwerk to William de Altecar, Valet of the Kings Wardrobe, £10, &c. And they are quit.
By direction of the Earl of Marche, Marshal of England, proclamation to be made for all Frenchmen to quit England by the day after the Feast of St. Margaret [20 July], taking with them neither bows nor arrows (arkes ne settes), horses, nor any kind of armour, and that they leave the realm by the port of Dover only. (fn. 10)
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to make proclamation forbidding all molestation of Flemings pursuing their business in the City and suburbs. Witness the King at Westminster, 6 July, 33 Edward III. [A.D. 1359].
Lease by James de Neuport, fishmonger, and Isabella his wife, to Robert Rus, potter, of tenements in Knyghtryderestret in the parish of St. Mildred de Bredstret for a term of fourteen years. Witnesses, Richard de Kyslyngbury, John Reyner, William Yonge, John Refham, and Thomas Lambard. Dated 20 June, 33 Edward III. [A.D. 1359].
Folio lxxvi b.
20 June, 33 Edward III. [A.D. 1359], John Lovekyn, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain, delivered to John Yakesle, senior, "stokfishmongere," the sum of £8 of the goods of Oliver, son of Adam de Acres, to keep quousque etc. And the said John found surety for rendering an account of this and other money he has in hand belonging to the said Oliver, viz., John Yakeslee, junior.
Afterwards, viz., on the 6th April, 36 Edward III. [A.D. 1362], came the said William, son of John de Wyrcestre, before John Pecche, the Mayor, and the Chamberlain, and acknowledged satisfaction for his property.
Folio lxxvi b.
Lease by Edmund Daunvers and Isabella his wife, to Tydeman Knyf and Elizabeth his wife, of a messuage and enclosure at the Heywarf, for a term of fifteen years, at an annual rent of £4, the lessors entering into a bond to allow the lessees peaceable enjoyment of the property. Dated 12 Aug., 33 Edward III. [A.D. 1359].
Monday after the Feast of St. Thomas [21 Dec.], 30 [sic] Edward III. [A.D. 1356], the guardianship of William, son of William de Hoo, aged fifteen years, committed by Simon Fraunceys, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Thomas de Waldene, the Chamberlain, to John Robinet, "upheldere," together with the sum of £20, two blankets, three sheets, and a silver "byker." Sureties, viz., Walter Forester, William Laurence, and Peter Waresoun, "upheldere."
Thursday after the Feast of St. Mark [25 April], 32 Edward III. [A.D. 1358], the guardianship of Adam, son of William de Deveneshire, aged eleven years, committed by John de Stodeye, the Mayor, Roger de Depham, and the rest of the Aldermen, to Ralph de Makenheved, goldsmith. Sureties, viz., Thomas Reynham, goldsmith, and Adam Eynesham, goldsmith.
Folio lxxvii b.
Letters patent appointing John Lovekyn, the Mayor, Adam de Bury, Hugh de Sadelyngstanes, and Walter de Aldebury, clerk, commissioners to hold an inquisition post mortem touching the property held in the City by Robert de Holewelle, who had died in debt to the Treasury. Witness G[ervase] de Wilford at Westminster, 23 Feb., 33 Edward III. [A.D. 1358-9].
Inquisition taken accordingly on Friday before the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 33 Edward III. [A.D. 1358-9], by oath of John de Burstalle, John de Thame, "barbier," Richard atte Dyk, Thomas de Same, Richard Creye, John Rical, Richard le Mirorer, William Wastel, Robert de Manhale, Peter de Berdefeld, John Roudolf, "coteler," and Thomas de Bisseye, who find that the said Robert de Holewelle held property in Lumbardestret, at the corner of Bercheverlane, (fn. 11) of the yearly value of 40s., tenanted by William Morewode and Dionisia his wife.
Be it remembered that on the 20th May, 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], Alice de Hyntone came into Court and acknowledged satisfaction for money due from John de Yakesle, senior, to Oliver de Acres, who was in her charge; and John de Yakesle, junior, fishmonger, who was surety for the aforesaid John, delivered the money to John de Cantebrige, the Chamberlain.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to hold an inquisition touching a robbery that had taken place at the house of the Friars of Holy Cross. Witness the King at Westminster, 6 Oct., 33 Edward III. [A.D. 1359].
Inquisition taken accordingly on Saturday after the Feast of St. Luke [18 Oct.], by John Lovekyn, the Mayor, and John de Chichestre and Simon de Benyngtone, the Sheriffs, by oath of John Bretoun, Thomas atte Marche, Richard Kyng, Hamo le Cordewaner, John atte Brok, Ralph le Fullere, Henry le Hurer, Robert le Hurer, John de Waltham, Simon le Skynnere, John Colle, and William de Wymondeswold. (fn. 12)
Proclamation against vagrants found begging in the City. (fn. 13) [No date.]
Folio lxxviii b.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation for merchants to bring all kinds of victuals to Sandwich for the use of the army about to cross over to Calais, (fn. 14) and forbidding the exportation of victuals elsewhere. Witness the King at Sandwich, 14 Oct., 33 Edward III. [A.D. 1359].
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to make proclamation forbidding the molestation of Flemings, and inviting merchants to carry victuals to "Barflewe" (fn. 15) in Normandy. Witness the King at Sandwich, 18 Oct., 33 Edward III. [A.D. 1359]. (fn. 16)
An inquisition taken accordingly before John Lovekyn, the Mayor, and John de Chichestre and Simon de Benyngtone, the Sheriffs, by oath of Geoffrey Lovekyn, John atte Noke, John Baldewyn, John Moot, William de Beestone, "latoner," Richard de Storteford, John Popel, Wheteman atte Brok, Robert de Roystoke, John de Bartone, John de Tunwell, and John de Londone. (fn. 17)
Folio lxxix b.
Letters patent appointing William de Schareshulle, Henry Grene, William de Nottone, and Simon de [sic] Dolsely, the Mayor, or any three or two of them (the Mayor being one), to be Commissioners for gaol-delivery of Neugate. Witness Thomas, the King's son, Warden of England, at Wodestoke, 4 Nov., 33 Edward III. [A.D. 1359].
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation forbidding any one keeping an exchange for money, plate, &c., inasmuch as the King had committed that business solely to Bartholomew Guidonis de Castilon, merchant of London, and Adam de Seint Ive, "draper." Witness the King at Sandwych, 4 Oct., 33 Edward III. [A.D. 1359]. (fn. 18)
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs for an array to be made, Ward by Ward, in the City and in the suburbs, according to the provisions of the Statute of Winchester. Witness the King at Sandwych, 4 Oct., 33 Edward III. [A.D. 1359].
3 Dec., 33 Edward III. [A.D. 1359], the guardianship of Isabella, daughter of Walter Salman, girdler, aged twelve years, committed by S[imon] Dolsely, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the Chamberlain to Stephen Edolphe, girdler. Sureties, viz., Richard Russell and Richard atte Boure.
A general release from Robert "de" Burle and Elizabeth his wife, daughter of John de Enfeld, "chaundeler," to Sir Roger de Chestrefeld, clerk, and Roger Kaumpes, executors of Margaret de Enfeld, mother of the said Elizabeth. Dated 3 Dec., 33 Edward III. [A.D. 1359].
Wednesday before the Feast of Purification [2 Feb.], 34 Edward III. [A.D. 1359-60], Thomas de St. Alban admitted Serjeant of the Chamber by Simon Dolsely, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and sworn, &c., receiving yearly 40s. for his service and fees like another Serjeant of the same Chamber. And there were present Simon Dolsely, the Mayor, Hugh de Sadelyngstanes, John Lovekyn, Henry Pykard, John de Stodeye, John Pecche, Adam de Bury, Thomas Dolseli, William Holebeche, William de Tudenham, Simon de Worsted, Thomas Perle, John Wroth, Richard Smelt, Bartholomew Frestlynge, William Welde, Aldermen, Simon de Benyngtone, and Thomas Moricz.
Folio lxxx b.
Writ to the Sheriffs to cause the citizens to assemble in the Husting, or at some early date, for the purpose of electing four of their body to attend a Council to be held at Westminster on Monday before the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], touching a threatened invasion by the enemy. (fn. 19) Witness Thomas the King's son, Warden of England, at Westminster, 10 Feb., 34 Edward III. [A.D. 1359-60].
Folio lxxx b-lxxxi b.
Thursday after the Epiphany [6 Jan.], 33 Edward III. [A.D. 1359-1360], Thomas Morice, the Common Serjeant, whose duty it is to prosecute on behalf of orphans in the City, showed to the Mayor, Aldermen, and the Chamberlain that a certain Geoffrey Bonere, "paternoster," executor of William Bonere, "paternoster," had in his charge John, son of the said William, together with his property, according to the custom of the City, and asked that the said Geoffrey might be summoned to render account. The said Geoffrey was accordingly summoned by William de Greyngham. Serjeant of the Chamber, and said that he was executor of William Bonere, who left two sons under age, viz., John, by Isabella, his first wife, and John, by Juliana, his surviving wife, to whom he bequeathed one-third of his goods and chattels in equal portions. He further said that John, son of Isabella, had received his portion and had died, and that among the property coming to the other John were certain tenements in the parish of St. Martin within Ludgate, which were in need of repair, and which had since been repaired. Thereupon the Common Serjeant demanded an account, which the Court refused. The said Geoffrey, being offered the guardianship of the said John, accepted it on terms, the two being kinsfolk. Sureties, viz., Richard Bonere, "paternoster," and Richard Brente, haberdasher.
Afterwards, viz., on Thursday after the octave of the Purification [2 Feb.], 34 Edward III. [A.D. 1359-60], came the said Geoffrey before Simon Dolsely, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the Chamberlain, and surrendered the above guardianship, which was transferred to Gilbert de Crosseby, of co. Warwick. Sureties, viz., Thomas atte Crouche, "sporiere," Walter Flynt, "dighere," Laurence Beaumond, "flecchere," and John Ressyngdene, "barbour."
Folio lxxxi b.
Letters patent appointing the Mayor and Sheriffs for the time being as well as Adam Fraunceys, John de Stodeye, and Thomas "Moricz" to be commissioners to see that the ordinances and statutes touching labourers and servants as well as weights and measures, passed in divers Councils and Parliaments at Westminster, are duly observed. Witness the King at Westminster, 1 Aug., 31 Edward III. [A.D. 1357].
Writ to the Mayor, Sheriffs, and their fellow-commissioners for keeping the statutes of labourers, measures, &c., to return into Chancery all records, rolls, &c., of their sessions in the business. Witness Thomas the King's son, Warden of England, at Westminster, 5 Nov., 33 Edward III. [A.D. 1359].
Return made by Simon Dolsely, the Mayor, John de Chichestre and Simon de "Bedyngtone," the Sheriffs, and their fellows to the effect that they were sending herewith the records required in a Roll, but no sessions had been held in the City or suburbs, owing to the arduous business of the City, from Michaelmas, 33 Edward III., to the 4th Nov. following, as the commission had been suspended by the King's writ.