Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: G, 1352-1374. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1905.
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Folio cli - clx.
Writ of certiorari to the Mayor and Sheriffs touching an indictment brought against Robert, son of John Littel, and others [not named] for trespass against Giles Pykeman, "fisshemonger." Witness the King at Westminster, 25 March, 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365].
19 March, 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1364-5], inquisition taken before Adam de Bury, the Mayor, Simon de Mordone and John de Mitford, the Sheriffs, touching an outrage committed the previous day in the parish of St. Magnus in the Ward of Breggestret. The jurors, viz., Robert atte Dane, Robert Boydone, Henry atte Beche, John de Pountfreyt, junior, John de Beverleye, Nicholas atte Laneende, William Bysshe, Nicholas Godessone, Robert Leget, Thomas atte Lee, Richard de Rothynge, and Thomas Gandre, say on oath that William de Stachysdene, Robert "Lyttele," son of John "Lytle," Thomas Palmere, Richard Edyche, William Thursway, Geoffrey de Fulham, apprentice of William de Fulham, and Thomas Gaunt, with other offenders [not named], assaulted Giles Pykeman, fishmonger, in the aforesaid parish, leaving him half dead, and that the assault had been made at the instance of Robert de Rameseye, John de Hedone, William Fourneux, and Nicholas de Extone. Dated 19 March, 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1364-5]. (fn. 1)
sol' ijs. vjd.
A general release by Simon Dene, "Marchal" without Algate, to Nicholas Breche de "Frennyngham," co. Kent. Dated Thursday after the Feast of Annunciation B. M. [25 March], 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365].
Folio cli b.
Copy of statute 38 Edward III., (fn. 2) repealing chapter v. of stat 37 Edward III., to the effect that merchants should not "engross" all manner of merchandise, but trade in one commodity only, such as they might choose before Candlemas next, and enacting (inter alia) that in future all merchants, denizens and aliens, should be at liberty to buy and sell all manner of merchandise and export the same, saving only that English merchants should not export wool, woolfells, or gold and silver in plate or money.
Letters patent appointing Henry Grene, Robert de Thorpe, John Knyvet, Adam de Bury, the Mayor, and Thomas de Lodelowe, or any four, three, or two (whereof the Mayor is to be one), to be Commissioners of gaol-delivery of Neugate. Witness the King at Westminster, 27 Feb., 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1364-5].
Writ to Adam de Bury, the Mayor, and Thomas de Lodelowe to proceed with the gaol-delivery in the absence of the other Commissioners, who were engaged on the King's business elsewhere. Witness the King at Westminster, 28 Feb., 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1364-5].
Be it remembered that these are the articles of the franchise which had been taken from the good folk of London without gainsaying (saunz respouns), and of which they prayed restitution, viz.:—
First, that every freeman of the City may cross the sea with any kind of merchandise he likes and bring back to the City any merchandise he likes, so that no one sell any kind of merchandise by retail except that which belongs to his mistery, but only in gross.
Also that no foreigner may sell in the City by retail.
Also that no foreigner remain with his merchandise in the City more than forty days.
Also that the folk of the said City be not convicted of things done within the City by foreigners, nor of anything done in the City by inquests made on them by other folk, save the folk of the City. And that the ordinances and charters made contrary to the above be repealed. (fn. 3)
Folio clii b.
Petition of craftsmen called "Malemakers," (fn. 4) that four persons of the craft may be elected to survey the craft and to present offenders for punishment as prescribed.
John Louwyk, Robert de Chesterfeld, John de Croydone, and William Choune elected to govern the above mistery and to present defects to the Mayor and Aldermen.
La ordinance de "Verres" .
Petition of the good folk "Verrers" (fn. 5) of the City to the Mayor and Aldermen that certain ordinances (poyntz) may be allowed for the good of the mistery, to the following effect:—
First, that if any stranger come to the City and desires to use the said mistery as a master, the good folk elected and sworn to rule the said mistery shall come to the Mayor and Aldermen and inform them of the name of such person, and the Mayor and Aldermen shall cause him to appear before them, and he shall be examined by good folk of the mistery to see if he be fit and sufficiently informed to use the mistery and of good character to remain in the City.
Also that no one entice servants or journeymen (lowys) from their master.
Also that if any servant who has lawfully served his master fall sick or become poor he shall be maintained (trove) by the men of the mistery.
Also that any servant who does wrong and refuses to submit to the good folk of the mistery shall be brought before the Mayor and Aldermen to be punished.
Also that no one shall take apprentice or keep open shop unless he be free of the City, nor shall he take journeyman or servant unless proved and found by the masters of the mistery to know his craft, and if any journeyman be found ignorant of his craft, he shall be put out of it unless he be willing to become an apprentice to learn his craft.
Also that if any of the mistery be found working within the franchise contrary to the above ordinance, his work shall be forfeited and he shall pay 20s. to the mistery.
Also that if any one be found making false work, the work shall be carried to the Mayor and Aldermen, and there shall be judged by the masters of the craft.
Also if any journeyman or servant remove work without permission of his master, so as to withdraw profit from his master, he shall pay 40s. to the Commonalty and 20s. to the mistery.
Custodia Isabell' fil' Hamonis Chose.
5 April, 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], the guardianship of Isabella, daughter of Hamo Chose, goldsmith, (fn. 6) aged five years, committed to her said father by Adam de Bury, the Mayor, and John de Cantebrigge, the Chamberlain, together with certain shops in the parish of St. Laurence de Candelwykstrete, in the Ward of Douuegate. Sureties, viz., William Fraunceys, goldsmith, and Bartholomew de Castre, goldsmith.
Thereupon the above Hamo covenanted to pay John de Leycestre the sum of £17 10s. 1d. in respect of the recovery of the above shops, &c.
Folio cliii b.
Indentura int' Regin' de Neuport et Joh'em "Bunne" seler.
Indenture testifying that Reginald Newport had received from John "de Boune," saddler, certain moneys and goods in trust for Walter, John, and "Jaconnia," children of Gyles de Melyn, late "lorymer" of London, and of Isabella his wife, sister of the said Reginald. Witnesses, William Courtray, Walter Eweyn, Richard Stokes, William atte Vyne, Godfrey Nemay, Robert Payn, William Thomer', Ulryke Sadelere, and others [not named]. Dated 1 April, A.D. 1365. (fn. 7)
Afterwards, viz., on the 20th May, 6 Richard II. [A.D. 1383], came the above John "Bunne" before John Norhamptone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and showed the will of the above Giles, whereby it appeared that the said Giles left the sum of £72 to the above children, the same to revert to Isabella his wife and the said John Bunne in the event of the said children dying without issue. The said John Bunne had subsequently married the said Isabella, and the said Isabella and the children aforesaid had died without issue, and therefore the said sum of £72 belonged to him. And inasmuch as the above Reginald was unable to pay the money, and had long lain in prison at the will of John Bunne, it was agreed, at the intercession of the Mayor, that John Bunne should release the said Reginald of the sum of £52, on condition that he paid him 20 marks, and to the Chamberlain of London 10 marks for the use of the Commonalty.
Folio cliii b.
Be it remembered that on the 22nd April, 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], John Hockele, apothecary, received from Laurence Payn the sum of 50s. on behalf of Richard Tyllere, apprentice to the said John.
Br'e d'ni R' de cerciorando.
Writ of certiorari to Adam de Bury, the Mayor, that he inform the King whether Robert de Hulle, "shipman," resides in the City or not.
Return to the effect that the above Robert continues to reside in the City.
Statut' pro ten' alienat' contra voluntatem testatoris in London'.
In a congregation of the Mayor, Aldermen, and an immense Commonalty in the great Guildhall of London, on Monday after the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1364-1365], there being present Adam de Bury, the Mayor, John Lovekyn, Adam Fraunceys, Thomas Lodelowe, John Noot, John Stodeye Stephen Cavendysshe, John Peche, Bartholomew Frestlyngge, John de St. Alban, John Tornegold, John Lyttle, William Holbeche, James Andrew, John de Bernes, Simon de Mordone, Simon de Worstede, John de Chychestre, Thomas Pykenham, and William Welde, Aldermen, an ordinance was passed to prevent undue alienation by tenants for life or in tail. (fn. 8)
Folio cliv b.
L'ra Regis Francie pro mercatorib' Angl'.
Letter from Charles [V.], King of France, to all Justices, Captains, Wardens of ports, &c., bidding them allow English merchants freedom of trade. Dated at Paris, 16 Nov. A.D. 1364. (fn. 9)
Br'e de minis pro Egidio Pikeman.
Writ to the Mayor, Sheriffs, and keepers of the peace, that whereas Giles Pikeman had complained of threats used against him by John Litle, Robert "Rammesseye," William Forneux, Nicholas Extone, John Horn de Northflete, John Hedone, John Horn le Noir, Robert Litle, William Mondene, William Chevenyngge, John Hanekyn, Richard atte Soylle, William "Courtay," John Rous, John Ledrede, William "Leddrede," Henry Haunsard, Thomas Mokkynge, John Stokynbery, Hugh Denny, William Folham, John Pancregge, and Thomas Rammeseye, they are to be summoned and made to find surety for good behaviour. Witness the King at Westminster, 28 April, 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365]. (fn. 10)
Return to the above, certifying the names of the sureties, viz.:
John Pecche, John de Stodeye, and Bartholomew Frestlynge for John Lytle.
John de Mokkynge, "vynter," and Thomas de Hynxstone, goldsmith, for Robert "de" Rammeseye.
Folio clv b.
John Pecche, William de Essex, and John Pountfreyt for Nicholas Extone and William Forneux.
William de Kyngestone, Ralph Double, and William Meldebourne for John Horn de Northflete, John Horn le Noir, and Thomas "de" Rammeseye.
John Mokkynge, "vynter," John Sessyngham, and Edmund Ippegrave for Thomas Mokkynge, Hugh Denny, and William Folham.
John Croydone, goldsmith, Thomas de St. Edmund, John Mallynge, "vynter," and Edmund Ippegrave for John Rous, Henry Haunsard, Richard atte Soylle, and William Chevenynge.
John Mokkynge, "vynter," Geoffrey Denny, and John Fairher for John Hanekyn, William Courtay, John Leddrede, and William Leddrede.
John Blokkele and Thomas de Thorneye for John Stokynbery.
Richard Sturdy, William Turk, and William Craft for John Pancregge.
John Pecche and John Lytle for Robert Lytle and John Hedone.
William Mondene was not found in their bailiwick, and has no property therein, and no one is willing to be surety for him.
Extract from the will of Walter Neel, blader, to the effect that he bequeathed 100s. of his property in the parish of St. Clement at the Shambles of Estchepe, to be distributed yearly at the discretion of the Mayor and Aldermen for the time being, and of two parishioners of the said church of St. Clement, for the repair of the highways between Neugate and Wycombe, between Algate and Chelmesford, between Bisshopesgate and Ware, and between "Suthwerk barre" and Roucestre. (fn. 11)
20 May, 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], Giles de Kelseye, Robert Padecryst, Richard Dycoun, Richard atte Dyk, Thomas Clerk, and John Lamb, masters of the mistery of Tapycers, sworn before Adam de Bury, the Mayor, and the Aldermen to rule and survey the said mistery, and to present defects to the Mayor and Chamberlain quo et quando etc .
Writ to the Mayor, Sheriffs, and keepers of the peace that they take surety for the good behaviour of Giles Pikeman, John Waldeshef, and Robert Turk towards John, son of Nicholas Horn, "fishmongere." Witness the King at Westminster, 9 May, 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365].
Folio clvi b.
Securitas pro mundacione de Dounegate.
10 May, 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], came John Fynche de Batericheseye and Stephen atte Gate into the Chamber of the Guildhall before Bartholomew de Frestlynge, Alderman, and John de Cantebrigge, the Chamberlain, and covenanted to cleanse the Port of Douuegate for the sum of 20 marks, whereof one moiety was paid to them, the other being kept in reserve until they had cleansed half the Port. No rubbish or mud taken from the Port was to be deposited in the river, but was to be taken across the Thames and left near the manor of Segrave, (fn. 12) and the cleansing was to be done to the satisfaction of the Mayor and Aldermen. Sureties for carrying out the work, viz., John Graveneye, "brewere," and Richard atte Gate, fishmonger.
Judicium collistrigii quia quidam cocus vendidit picam olentem [sic].
28 June, 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], Roger de Waltham, cook, condemned to the pillory for selling a peck of eels (picam de anguill') unfit for food.
Br'e pro venis dulcibus.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to the effect that taverners were to be allowed to sell sweet wines by wholesale, notwithstanding an ordinance by the King and his Council that all taverns where sweet wines were sold by retail in the City and suburbs were to be taken into the hands of the Mayor and Chamberlain, and that there should only be three taverns appointed for such sale, viz., one in Chepe, another in Lumbardstrete, and another in Walbroke, where the wines were to be sold at a price fixed by the Mayor and Chamberlain at the beginning of each year, and the profits devoted to the repair and cleansing of the walls, ditches, &c., of the City. Witness the King at Westminster, 28 May, 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365]. (fn. 13)
The above writ remains in the bag of Adam de Bury, the Mayor, among letters from the King and other magnates for the year 39 Edward III.
Haldene Aldermannus et Recordator.
Monday after the Feast of SS. Peter and Paul [29 June], 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], William de Haldene admitted to the freedom of the City and sworn before Adam de Bury, the Mayor, Adam Fraunceys, John Lovekyn, John de Stodeye, and other Aldermen [not named], and an immense Commonalty summoned in the Guildhall. The same day he was sworn into the office of Alderman of the Ward of Tower, and also sworn into the office of Recorder of the City.
Folio clvii b.
Custod' pueror' Will'i Credell.
Saturday before the Feast of Translation of St. Thomas the Martyr [7 July], 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], the guardianship of Thomas and Margery, children of William Credell, scrivener, committed to Thomas atte Noket, draper, by John de Bernes and Walter Forester, Aldermen and John de Cantebrigge, the Chamberlain. Sureties, viz., John de Henham and John Toote, "drapiers."
Afterwards, viz., on Friday after the Feast of St. Valentine [14 Feb.], 40 Edward III. [A.D. 1365-6], the above Thomas atte Noket was discharged of a certain sum of money which had been recovered against him and Thomas Fant, as administrators of the goods of William Credell, by John Devenysshe, Robert Corn, fellmonger, and Henry le Brode, skinner.
Afterwards, viz., on Wednesday the eve of St. Andrew [30 Nov.], 42 Edward III. [A.D. 1368], the above Thomas atte Noket came before William de Haldene, the Recorder, and John de Cantebrigge, the Chamberlain, and declared that Thomas, son of William Credell, had died; he at the same time produced the will of the said Thomas, and asked to be discharged of a further sum of money in execution of the same.
Br'e ne aliquis ludat aliquo ludo nisi ad sagittand'.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation for every ablebodied man to practise archery on festivals, in preference to useless games. Witness the King at Westminster, 12 June, 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365]. (fn. 14)
Br'e pro Tellar' de Gilda sua h'end'.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs complaining of their neglect in not enforcing the terms of charters granted to the Weavers by Edward I. and Henry II., to the effect that those following the craft of weaving should obey the officers of the Weavers' Guild and contribute towards its ferm, (fn. 15) and bidding them make proclamation for the due execution of the same. Witness the King at Westminster, 20 June, 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365].
Folio clviii b.
Br'e pro fabris gladior' et cultellor' et alior' armor' de signis suis.
Writ to the same to make proclamation that sword-smiths and makers of knives and other arms in the City put marks of their own on their manufactures, and submit the same to the Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen for identification, and if any sell articles not so marked, the articles or their value to be forfeited. Witness the King at Westminster, 26 June, 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365]. (fn. 16)
L'ra de attorn' Simonis Danyel.
A power of attorney by Simon Daniel, vintner, to William Yvory and William atte Walle. Dated 3 Sept., 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365].
The King to Richard [Pountfreit], parson of the church of St. Mary de Wolchirchhawe, forbidding him to excommunicate the Wardens of London Bridge for having let to ferm the stalls and benches at "les Stokkes" which appertain to the Bridge, and which the said Richard had illegally claimed as appertaining to his church. Witness, &c [No date.]
Petition of good men of the mistery of Founders to the Mayor and Aldermen, that whereas some of the mistery make works of false metal and false solder, so that candlesticks, "bocles," "stirops," and other small things when brought to the fire or subjected to great force do fail, break, and become unsoldered, to the great scandal of the City and the whole mistery, the following points may be sanctioned and enrolled in the Chamber of the Guildhall, (fn. 17) viz.:—
Le ordinaunce des Foundours.
In the first place, that no one of the mistery do any work of the mistery except with good metal.
Also that no one make "estirops," "bocles," or spurs except with the best and finest metal that can be found, and of metal that is not brittle, and none other (qi ne soit mye freignant et de nul autre (fn. 18) ).
Also that no one of the mistery shall solder candlesticks with white solder (blank soudere (fn. 19) ), or make candlesticks, lavers (lavours), "poots," or other things with soldered pieces, unless they be such things as ought to be soldered, such as pipes of lavers and other such things.
Also that all manner of work called "closwerk" be made of pure metal.
Also that no one make any kind of "moldynge" or work by night, nor on the Saturday, nor the eve of a Double Feast (fn. 20) when such Feast shall be a Fast-day (quant la feste sera Junee), after noon rung in the church of the parish where he lives. (fn. 21)
Folio clix b.
Also that if any work of the mistery be found to be falsely made or made of false or brittle metal, it shall be forfeited to the Chamber in the hands of whomsoever it be found. (fn. 22)
29 July, 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], John de Lincoln and Robert "in the lane," founders, elected and sworn to survey the mistery and present defects to the Mayor and Aldermen.
De auro et argento in moneta vel plata extra regnum non deferend' sine lic' R' speciali etc.
Writ of Privy Seal to the Sheriffs to make proclamation for the due execution of the ordinance forbidding the exportation of gold and silver, money or plate, without the King's special licence. Dated at Windsor Castle, 30 July, 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365].
Folio clx b.
Judicium Pillorie per unam horam pro caristia bladi.
11 Aug., 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], Roger de Oxenford, servant of Robert Coupere, baker, attached to answer before Adam de Bury, the Mayor, John Lovekyn, Stephen de Cavendysshe, William Holbeche, John de Bernes, William de Tudenham, and John de St. Alban, Aldermen, and Simon de Mordone and John de "Mutford," Sheriffs, a charge brought against him by John de Briclesworth of having come to the market on the pavement within Neugate and there enhanced the price of corn. He acknowledged the offence and was condemned to the pillory.