Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: G, 1352-1374. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1905.
This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.
Folio clxxi - clxxx.
Custod' Nich'i fil' Joh'is Morewe de novo facta etc. de xxvli. et de certis catall'.
Wednesday the eve of the Nativity of our Lord [25 Dec.], 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], the guardianship of Nicholas, son of John Merwe, (fn. 1) late skinner, aged eighteen years, committed by Adam de Bury, the Mayor, and John de Cantebrigge, the Chamberlain, to John Devenysshe, skinner. Sureties, viz., Eudo Purchas, "draper," and William Cosyn, "draper."
Be it remembered that during the Mayoralty of Thomas Leggy, anno 29 Edward III., the above John Devenysshe and others became bound for the said Nicholas, and having rendered account before William Welde, Alderman, and the aforesaid Chamberlain were discharged. (fn. 2)
Afterwards, viz., on Saturday after the Feast of St. Edmund he Archbishop [16 Nov.], 43 Edward III. [A.D. 1369], came the above Nicholas before John de Chichestre, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, being then of full age, and demanded his property. Thereupon auditors were appointed, viz., William Welde and John Mitford, Aldermen, and an account being rendered, the above John Devenysshe and his sureties were discharged.
Folio clxxi. b.
Saturday after the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], a certain bill brought by John de Cauntebrigge, the Chamberlain, before Adam de Bury, the Mayor, the Recorder, and the Aldermen, against Brother Thomas de Sallowe, Master of the House of St. Thomas de Acres, for detention of property belonging to John, son of John Costantyn, late Alderman, a City orphan. At the plaintiff's request the said Brother Thomas was summoned by John Watlyngton, Serjeant of the Chamber, to render account in the Chamber. He came and declared that he claimed nothing of the guardianship of the above John, nor his property, but desired to render account. Auditors appointed accordingly, viz., John Lovekyn, Adam Fraunceys, and John Cauntebrigge, the Chamberlain. A day given, &c.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation forbidding the sale of sweet wines by retail. Witness R[obert] de Thorpe at Westminster, 22 Jan., 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365-6].
Folio clxxii b.
Indenture int' Maiorem Aldr'os et co'itatem civit' London' et Laur' de Blyseworth et Joh'am ux'em ejus de ten' apud Bisshopesgate.
Lease by Adam de Bury, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Commonalty, to Laurence de Bliseworth, vintner, and Johanna his wife, of a house adjoining Bisshopsgate and a small chamber called "caban," within the walls of the said gate in the parish of St. Ethelburga; to hold the same for their lives, at an annual rent of 4 marks. Dated the morrow of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365].
Tuesday the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], in the presence of Adam de Bury, the Mayor, John Lovekyn, Adam Fraunceys, William de Haldene, John de Stodeye, John Pecche, Stephen de Cavendysshe, John Not, Bartholomew de Frestlynge, Simon de Mordone, Thomas de Pykenham, John de St. Alban, Walter Forester, John Litle, John Tornegolde, John de Bernes, John de Chychestre, William de Welde, James Andrew, Simon de Worsted, and William de Tudenham, Aldermen, and John Bryklesworth and Thomas de Irlond, Sheriffs, and an immense Commonalty assembled in the great hall of the Guildhall—Adam de Bury was elected Mayor by the choice of the Aldermen with the common assent and desire for the year ensuing, and the same day he was sworn as of old accustomed.
The same day it was ordained by the said Mayor, Aldermen, and Sheriffs, with the assent of the Commonalty, that all those who had already been admitted to the freedom of the City and had not continuously resided in the City, should fully have and enjoy all their liberties, in the same degree as those who had continuously resided therein, provided they be in lot and scot and participate in the burdens arising in the City whensoever they arise. (fn. 3)
The same day it was ordained that if any one has been admitted to the freedom of the City in some one mistery, and afterwards wish to pursue some other mistery, he shall be allowed to do so, and to trade in all kinds of merchandise at his will without any hindrance, &c. (fn. 4)
The same day it was agreed by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty, that Richard de Merstone, late Serjeant of the Chamber, shall receive for the term of his life the sum of 40s. by the hands of the Chamberlain for the time being, for the good service he has rendered the Commonalty, out of the Treasury of the Commonalty, &c.
Folio clxxiii b.
Wednesday after the Feast of St. Andrew [30 Nov.], 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], John Osekyn, John Blaunche, William Raven, Thomas Vannere, Walter Doget, John de Mary, "Palvesinus de Palvesinis," William de la Rook, Jakemin de la Rook, and Philip Grymbald elected and sworn to make scrutiny of sweet wines in the three taverns in the City, and to see that the wines are sound, and to condemn such as they find to be bad, &c.
20 Nov., 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], John Warde, Robert de Hatfeld, William de Herkested, William de Brecles, Thomas Thorneye, and Nicholas Chaucer were elected surveyors of the mistery of Grossers, Pepperers, and Apothecaries of Sopereslane; John atte Gate and Hugh de Caustone of those in the Ropery; Adam Carlel and John Maryns of those in Chepe; and William de Eynesham and John de Ho of those in Bokeleresbury.
The same day they elected John Yonge to be Keeper of the Great Balance, and he was sworn, &c.
The same day Gerard Vanderheth and Baldewyn Gylot were elected on the part of Flanders and sworn to govern the mistery of Weavers and present defects to the Mayor, &c.
21 Nov., John atte Vyre and Reginald Ralos elected on the part of Brabant to govern the same mistery, &c.
22 Nov., Thomas Jerveys and Simon le Cook elected on the part of England to govern the same mistery, &c.
28 Nov., 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], Walter Broke, Peter Dunmowe, Laurence Westone, and Thomas Bristowe elected and sworn to govern their mistery, (fn. 5) &c.
Ordinacio de appenticus et aliis aisiamentis factis in ten' etc.
Also it was ordained that if any one hired a tenement for life or term of years and erected penthouses or other easements attached by staples to the said tenement, the tenant should not remove them at the end of his term, but they should remain as parcel of the soil. (fn. 6)
[Folios clxxiv b blank.]
28 Jan., 40 Edward III. [A.D. 1365-6], John Lovekyn elected Mayor, and Adam de Bury removed from office by order of the lord the King.
Custodia Joh'ne filie Will'i Asshe nup' civis et pellipar' London'.
28 Feb., 40 Edward III. [A.D. 1365-6], the guardianship of Johanna, daughter of William Asshe, late skinner, aged twelve years, committed by John Lovekyn, the Mayor, and John de Cauntebrigge, the Chamberlain, to John Elyngham. Sureties, viz., Roger Bernard and Richard de Hatfeld.
Br'e pro Parliamento.
Writ to the Sheriffs for the election of four citizens to attend a Parliament to be held at Westminster on Monday the morrow of the Invention of Holy Cross [3 May]. (fn. 7) Witness the King at Westminster, 20 Jan., 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365-6].
Names of those elected to the Parliament, viz., Adam Fraunceys and John Wroth, Aldermen, Simon de Benyngtone and John de Worstede, Commoners.
William Haldene, John Pecche, and John Lytle, Aldermen, and John Bures and William Essex, draper, Commoners, elected to prosecute touching sweet wines.
Folio clxxv b.
Br'e pro militib' faciend' qui habent quadraginta libratas terre vel redd'.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation for all persons who had held 40 librates of land or rents for three years and were not already knights to take up knighthood before the Feast of the Nativity of St. John Bapt. [24 June] next. Witness the King at Westminster, 6 Feb., 40 Edward III. [A.D. 1365-6].
Return to the above. (fn. 8)
Acquietanc' Clement' Lavender et Agn' ux' ejus.
A general release by Thomas, son of John Berkyngge, late draper, to Clement Lavendere, fishmonger, and Agnes his wife, late wife of the said John. Dated 20 March, 40 Edward III. [A.D. 1365-6].
Pro Portu de Douuegate.
Commission by the Mayor to William Northbury, William Taillour, brewer, Thomas Gardiner, "paviere," John Walden, cook, and Henry Gerard, to levy certain charges on goods in the port of Douuegate, the proceeds to be devoted to keeping the port clean, viz., for every cart bringing wood or other merchandise to the port, ¼d.; for every cart bringing wine or wool, ½d.; for every schuyt (shouta) and big ship discharging in the said port, 4d., and every boat, 2d.; also for every ship remaining in the port after ebb, 6d.; for every horse bringing bottles of water (bouges (fn. 9) cum aqua) from the port, 2d. a week; for every cart bringing water from the port, 3d. a week; and from every man depositing dung or rubbish in the port, 2s. Dated 20 July, 40 Edward III. [A.D. 1366].
Folio clxxvi b.
Co'is proclam' temp. Joh'is Lovekyn Maioris anno xl°.
Ordinances made temp. John Lovekyn, Mayor, for preserving the peace and for punishing evildoers, "Ryottours," and "Hasardours". (fn. 10)
Billa missa in parliamento pro lib'tat' plenar' h'end' etc. que concess' fuer dicte civitati per progenit' d'ni R' E. tercii.
Petition of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commons of the City to the King and his Council for putting in force the Great Charter, which (inter alia) confirmed to the City its ancient liberties and customs, of which it had long been deprived, and praying that the charters granted to the City by the King and his progenitors might be in force notwithstanding the Statute made at York in the ninth year of the King's reign. (fn. 11)
Billa lib' d'no Regi et ejus consilio pro Constabular' Turi' London' ne p'dictus Constabular' capiat aliquas prisas ven' per aquam Tamisie in Batell' versus civitatem etc.
Petition of John Lovekyn, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the Commons of the City to the King and his Council to the effect that whereas, among other liberties granted to them by charter, the Constable of the Tower for the time being was forbidden to take prises of victuals and other goods coming to the City, (fn. 12) and whereas in the time of Robert de Morle (fn. 13) and Richard de la Vache their servants at the Tower took such prises until stayed by writs of supersedeas, and whereas the servants of the Constable of the Tower were now taking prises contrary to the said charter and writs—they pray therefor a remedy. (fn. 14)
Folio clxxvii b.
Indentura int' Joh'em fil' Joh'is Malwayn et exec'p'dicti Joh'is etc. de cartis et monumentis.
Indenture testifying that Robert de Lyncoln, clerk, and Thomas de Hermestone, executors of John Malewayn, (fn. 15) had delivered to John, son and heir of the said John Malewayn, in the presence of John Lovekyn, the Mayor, on the morrow of the Nativity of St. John Bapt [24 June], 40 Edward III. [A.D. 1366], divers muniments touching the advowson of the church of Wympol, and property at Lesnes, Plumsted, Bordene, Plegdene, West Graftone, Croftone, Chyseldene, and elsewhere.
The last day of February, 40 Edward III. [A.D. 1365-6], Richard Russell, Stephen Cook, William Waleys, and John Flemyng, girdlers, elected to govern their mistery and present defects to the Mayor and Aldermen, &c.
18 March, the same year, William Harcourt, Hugh Edmond, Richard Reve, John Denmede, John Frensche, and Roger Payn elected to govern the mistery of Spurriers, &c.
18 April, the same year, John Clerk, William Hamond, John Depyng, John Conysburgh, and John Claspeschethe elected to govern the mistery of Poulterers, &c. The same day they were instructed by the Mayor and Aldermen to warn all Poulterers not to pluck poultry in the highways, &c.
24 April, the same year, Richard de Stonham, John Thurkeld, Thomas de Wytham (?), and Elias de Westone, butchers of St. Nicholas [Shambles]; William atte Watere, Robert Spaldyng, Adam Kyllyngworth, and Philip Page, butchers of Estchepe; and John atte Grene, Adam Gille, William Undewode, and William Webbe, butchers "del Stokkes," elected to govern their mistery, &c.
Folio clxxviii b.
Br'e pro vinis etc.
Writ to the Mayor bidding him take counsel with vintners and others with the view of regulating the price of wine. Witness the King at Westminster, 21 June, 40 Edward III. [A.D. 1366]. (fn. 16)
Proclamacio pro caristia blador' ne blad' educ' extra regnum sub forisfactura.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation forbidding the exportation of corn except to Calais. Witness the King at Westminster, 22 July, 40 Edward III. [A.D. 1366]. (fn. 17)
Folio clxxix b.
Pur suspect persones et mendyaunt' potent' de s' corps destre arrestyd.
Precept to the Aldermen to make search in their Ward for suspicious characters, to set sturdy beggars to work, and to charge the constables, "escawangers," (fn. 18) and beadles to cause the streets to be paved and cleared of rubbish, &c. Dated 28 July, 40 Edward III. [A.D. 1366].
Folio clxxix b-clxxx.
Tellers Flemyng' .
Ordinances of the Flemish Weavers in London. (fn. 19)
Folio clxxx b.
Ordinacio Grossar' tempore Joh'is Lovekyn Maioris.
Saturday after the Feast of the Translation of St. Thomas the Martyr [7 July], 40 Edward III. [A.D. 1366], came good men of the mistery of Grocers (Grossar'), with the assent of the mistery, and prayed John Lovekyn, the Mayor, and the Aldermen that the underwritten articles might be maintained and preserved in the mistery.
In the first place the Brokers (Brocours) of the said mistery, viz., John William, John Touewelle, Bartholomew Castilioun, and Philip Grynmaude, and the good folk of the said mistery, pray that the said Brokers (Correctours) may be entered and sworn in the Guildhall according to the ordinances recently made in the time of John Notte, and further, that the points here after written may be part of their charge and oath. First, that they shall make no bargain by themselves or by others in secret, and if they learn of such a thing being done by any one soever, they be bound to certify the matter to the master of the mistery. Also, that no broker take to sell nor shall sell his own goods or the goods of others in his house, but shall execute the office of broker, and witness bargains between merchants and merchants, so that no bargain be made unles she bring the two merchants together; and the said brokers shall render service and assist small and great alike, and show favour to none for friendship or gift; and when they have goods in their hands for sale, and such goods be demanded, they shall not conceal the goods from any of the mistery; and the said brokers shall make no bargain between strangers and strangers of any goods belonging to the mistery.
And the good folk of the said mistery further pray for the purpose of annulling false bargains, that proclamation be made that no one, stranger or citizen, intermeddle with brokerage, nor buy nor sell goods of the mistery except only the sworn brokers aforesaid, on pain of imprisonment for forty days and paying 40s. to the Chamber of the Guildhall.
Whereas it is ordained that the vendor shall pay brokerage (corectage), they (the brokers) shall take, viz.:—
For a piece of "polane de Lubyk" and a bale of wax of Lusshbone, (fn. 20) 4d .
Also for a bale of almonds or "Boyloun" of almonds, "Rys," "Comyn," "Alpin," "Mader," soap by case (kas), "anys," dates, thread (filas), by the piece, 3d.
Also for black soap, "lycoris," "code," (fn. 21) and "Rolle," by the piece, 2d.
Also for a "couple" of "fruyt" and a piece of "Malec," 1d.
Also for a tun or two pipes of oil and "Toille," 12d.
Also for "saltsmod," "harang seym," by the "barell," 2d.
Also for a "doseyn" of cordwain or "baseyn," 1d.
Also for a tun of flax, 4d.
Also for a thousand of copper (Quevere), 5d.
Also for a thousand of iron, 3d.
Also for a hundred of "canevas," 1d.
Also for a hundred of "poyre," of "gyngevere," of cinnamon (canel), of "Greyn de Paris," (fn. 22) cotton thread, nutmegs (noyes miges), brasil, the hundred, 4d.
Also for "saffran," "flour de canel," by the pound, a farthing.
Also cloves (gillofres), "maces," cubebs (quibibs), the hundred, 8d.