Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: G, 1352-1374. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1905.
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Custodia pueror' Joh'is Redeford glovere.
The guardianship of John, William, Thomas, and Walter, sons of John Redeford, "glover," and of Johanna his wife, committed by the Mayor and Alderman, with the assent of the executors of the said John, to John de Cornewaille, glover (who had married the said Johanna), for a term of three years, together with certain shops in the parish of St. Alban de Wodestrete, the reversion of which was devised by the said John Redeford to his said children after the decease of the said Johanna by will proved in the Husting held on Monday the Feast of St. Petronilla [31 May], 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372]. (fn. 1) Sureties, viz., John de Codyngtone, "Flecchere," and William Horstone, draper. [No date.]
Folio ccxci b.
Ordinacio pro mundacione de Smythfelde.
Wednesday after the Feast of St. Margaret [20 July], 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372], a petition presented by "Corsours" (fn. 2) and "Drovers" of Smethefeld to the Mayor, Recorder, and Aldermen that certain charges might be made on the sale of beasts, &c., for a term of three years. The petition granted, the money so raised to be applied to cleansing the field of Smythfelde from time to time when necessary.
Afterwards, viz., on the 11th August, the same year, Adam Fernham, Keeper of the gaol of Neugate, Hugh Avenelle, Bailiff of Smythfeld, and William Godhewe, "webbe," were elected and sworn collectors of the above money during the said term. (fn. 3)
L'ra attorn' pro coron'.
Letter of attorney by William de Strete, the King's Butler, to whom appertained the office of Coroner (fn. 4) within the liberty of the City, appointing William de Hockele to act on his behalf. Dated 17 Aug., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372].
Br'e pro coron' admittend'.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to admit the above William de Hockeleye as deputy-coroner. Witness Richard, son of Edward the King's eldest son, Prince of Aquitaine and Wales, Custos of England, (fn. 5) at Walyngford, 3 Sept., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372].
Judicium del thewe.
Saturday after the Feast of St. Giles [1 Sept.], 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372], Margaret Hore, "fisshwyfe," condemned to the pillory for women, called "le thewe," for selling bad fish. (fn. 6)
Br'e q'd nulla jactacio cirpor' fimor' fimarior' aut alior' sordidor' sen nocivor' fiat in Thamis'.
Writ to the Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen forbidding the casting of rushes, dung, and refuse into the Thames, and ordering the removal of all such obstructions of the river's course. Witness the King at Prestone, 20 Aug., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372].
L'ra de privato sigillo pro eodem.
Letter of Privy Seal to similar effect. Dated at Prestone, 25 Aug. [the same year].
Folio ccxcii b.
Br'e de privato sigillo R' de arestando illos qui recesser' de navigio R' sine lic' etc.
Writ of Privy Seal to the Mayor and Sheriffs bidding them arrest all knights, esquires, and archers suspected of having deserted the fleet. Dated on board the ship called "La Gracedieu," 8 Sept., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372].
Br'e de privato sigillo R' pro ulnag' cane vac'.
Writ of Privy Seal to John Bernes, the Mayor, complaining that merchant strangers fail to have their canvas and linen cloth aulnaged by Ralph de Prestone, the Aulnager (Alneour), and bidding him to remedy the evil. Dated at Sandewyz, 28 Aug. [the same year].
Br'e pro parliamento.
Writ to the Sheriffs for the election of four citizens to attend a Parliament to be held at Westminster in the quinzaine of St. Michael (fn. 7) next ensuing. Witness Richard, the son of Edward, Prince of Aquitaine and Wales, Custos of England, at Walyngford, 1 Sept., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372].
Br'e R' ad inquir' de malefactorib'.
Writ of Privy Seal to the Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen to punish those found guilty of causing a riot recently in the City. Dated in the Port of Wynchelse on board "La Gracedieu," 18 Sept.
Folio ccxciii b.
Tuesday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372], Nicholas Brembre and John Philipot elected Sheriffs of London and Middlesex for the year ensuing in the presence of John Bernes, the Mayor, William Haldene, the Recorder, Adam Fraunceys, John de Stodeye, James Andrew, Bartholomew Frestlynge, John Mitford, John Piel, John Aubrey, John Warde, and Adam Stable, Aldermen, and the said Adam and Robert de Hatfeld, the Sheriffs, and an immense Commonalty.
Eleccio Aldr'i de Cornhille. Eleccio Aldr'i de Bredstrete.
Thereupon, the same day, the above John Philipot was elected Alderman of the Ward of Cornhille, and Nicholas Brembre was elected Alderman of the Ward of Bredstrete, and they were sworn, &c.
Br'e R' ad arestand' omnes qui recesser' de navigio sine licencia etc.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to arrest all knights, esquires, archers, and seamen who had deserted the fleet. Witness Richard, son of Edward, Prince of Aquitaine and Wales, Custos of England, at Walyngford, 22 Sept., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372].
Br'e de prorogacione ejusdem parliamenti.
Writ to the Sheriffs for the election of four citizens to attend a Parliament, which had been prorogued from the quinzaine of St. Michael to the morrow of All Souls [2 Nov.]. (fn. 8) Witness the King at Wynchelse, 6 Oct., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372].
Names of those elected to attend the Parliament, viz., John Wrothe and John Pecche, Aldermen, William Venour and William Kelshulle, Commoners.
Custodia pueror' Edwardi Gosselyn.
20 Oct., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372], the guardianship of Edward, Agnes, and Isabella, children of Edward Gosselyn, committed by John Bernes, the Mayor, and John Cauntebrigge, the Chamberlain, to Robert Bathele and Alice his wife, late wife of the said Edward Gosselyn, together with the sum of £150. Sureties, viz., John Kyrtone, "stokfisshmongere," and John Bosham, mercer.
Custodia pueror' Ph'i Draper "cook".
The same day the guardianship of Isabella, daughter of Philip Draper, "cok," aged four years, and of Johanna, daughter of the same, aged three, committed to Thomas de Bermyngham and Johanna his wife, late wife of the said Philip, together with a sum of £40 and divers household goods, comprising mazers, a cup of silver, a ciphus morreus, (fn. 9) and half a dozen vessels of pewter garnish (stanni garnis'). Sureties, viz., Richard Russel, "paternosterer," and John Longe, senior, cordwainer.
Folio ccxciv b.
Thursday the Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372], John Piel elected Mayor in the presence of John de Bernes, Mayor, William Haldene, the Recorder, Adam Fraunceys, John Stodeye, Simon de Mordone, Richard de Croydone, Bartholomew Frestlynge, John Warde, John Mitford, John Tornegold, John Litle, Walter Forster, John Aubrey, William Walworth, Aldermen, and Nicholas Brembre and John Philipot, Aldermen and Sheriffs, with their consent and the consent of the Commonalty.
Afterwards, viz., on Thursday the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], he was admitted and sworn at the Guildhall, and the following day was presented before the Barons of the Exchequer at Westminster and there admitted and sworn.
Friday before the Feast of St. Leonard [6 Nov.], 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372], Nicholas Michel, Thomas Ermelyn, John Twyford, and Nicholas Horwode, cutlers, elected and sworn to govern the mistery of Cutlers, &c.
Br'e pro quodam presentamento de Suthwerk.
Writ to the King's Coroner of the City to distrain the Mayor, Sheriffs, and Commonalty by all their lands and chattels for their appearance before the King on the morrow of St. Martin [11 Nov.] to answer certain matters presented against them in the county of Surrey. Witness J[ohn] Cavendysshe at Westminster, 4 Nov., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372].
John Piel, Mayor, mainprised by, &c. [sic]; exitus half a mark.
John Philippot, Sheriff, mainprised by, &c.; exitus 40 pence.
Nicholas Brembre, Sheriff, mainprised by, &c.; exitus 40 pence.
And the Commonalty of the City, mainprised by, &c.; exitus 20s.
Presentament' sup' quo br'e predictum factum fuit.
The jurors make presentment that the Mayor and Sheriffs and Commonalty of the said City by their own injury had entered a certain shop on the East side of "le Stoples" in Southwerk and half a shop on the East side of the same, which used to appertain to the liberty of the lord the King in Southwerk in lots and scots (in lottis et scottis) like others of the same vill.
Br'e ad distring' Maiorem et vic' ad satisfac' R' de dexxxviijli. etc.
Writ pluries to the Sheriffs to distrain the Mayor and Sheriffs for the time being on the 8th June, anno 45 Edward III. [A.D. 1371], who were collectors of the subsidy of £50,000 granted by the commons of the realm, so that they appear before the Barons of the Exchequer on the morrow of St. Martin [11 Nov.] to satisfy the King of the sum of £638 which had been collected in the City towards the said subsidy. (fn. 10) Witness [Thomas] de Lodelowe (fn. 11) at Westminster, 5 Nov., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372].
A proclamation made on Friday after the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov.], 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372], similar to one made temp. John Bernes, late Mayor, with the following addition to the effect, viz.:—
That no one by night or day, secretly or openly, place rubbish, dung, &c., in the water of the Thames or the City ditches; that each one keep his street clean according to the ordinance thereon made; that no one cast water or anything else out of window, but bring it down and put it in the kennel, under penalty of paying 2s. for each default.
That no hosteler take more than 2d. for hay for a horse for a day and a night, nor more than 6d. for a bushel of corn.
That no one sell grocery, spicery, drugs, &c., except by the Guildhall weight, viz., fifteen ounces to the pound.
That no broker intermeddle between vendor and purchaser in any bargain until he be sworn to the office and find sureties, and that no broker take more for brokerage than is ordained.
Folio ccxcv b.
That no one capable of maintaining himself by art or labour pretend to be poor and beg his food (begger son sustenance) on pain of imprisonment, and that no leper walk the City under the same penalty.
That no one raise his pavement higher than his neighbour without the consent of the Mayor and Aldermen.
That no one sell the best sweet wines, Rhenish wines, "Vermaile," or other wine for more than 12d. a gallon; nor mix one wine with another; nor sell bad wine; and that every one be allowed to see his wine drawn, &c.
That no boatman take more than 2d. for hire between London and Westminster, or more than 3d. when the boat is full, on pain of imprisonment as well in London as in the Staple of Westminster; and that no boatman refuse to be hired under the same penalty.
That no mason, carpenter, nor other labourer take more than 6d. for a working day between Easter and Michaelmas, and 5d. between Michaelmas and Easter; and for a Saturday, if they work the whole week, they shall take for a whole day. (fn. 12)
Custodia pueror' Thom' Hore.
16 Nov., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372], the guardianship of John, Thomas, and Guy, sons of Thomas Hore, late fishmonger, committed to Agnes, widow of Thomas Hore, (fn. 13) together with the sum of 60 marks bequeathed by the said Thomas to his children. Sureties, viz., Richard de Claverynge, "draper," and Thomas Leuesham, "skynner."
Commissio prodelib' gaole de Neugate.
Letters patent appointing John de Cavendisshe, Thomas de Lodelowe, Thomas de Ingelby, John Pyel, the Mayor, and William de Haldene, or any four, three, or two of them (the Mayor being one), to be Commissioners for gaol-delivery of Neugate. Witness the King at Westminster, 17 Nov., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372].
Writ to the Sheriffs notifying the above commission, and ordering the production of prisoners. Witness the King at Westminster, 17 Nov., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372].
Ball'i telar' Lond'.
Monday before the Feast of St. Clement [23 Nov.], 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372], William Godhewe, "webbe," and John Hegham, "webbe," elected and sworn Bailiffs of the Weavers, &c.
Folio ccxcvi b.
Br'e de arestando bona Jacobi "Jacomyn."
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to attach the goods and chattels of James "Jakemyn" found in the City, as the said James was about to eloign them without paying what he owed to the King. Witness the King at Westminster, 23 Nov., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372].
Proteccio R' pro Jacobo Jacomyn.
Letters patent notifying that the above James "Jacomyn," a "Lumbard," had been taken under the King's protection that he might be the better able to discharge his debts. Witness the King at Westminster, 24 Nov., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372].
Ball'i telar' Brabanc'.
Friday after the Feast of St. Katherine [25 Nov.], 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372], Reginald Rales and William Vyolet elected and sworn Bailiffs of the Weavers of Brabant.
Ball'i telar' Flandr'.
Henry van Necke and Peter atte More elected and sworn Bailiffs of the Weavers of Flanders.
Br'e pro duob' bargeis factend'.
Writ of Privy Seal to the Mayor, Sheriffs, Aldermen, citizens, and good folk of the City, bidding them build two barges, 80 ft. in length and 20 ft. beam, and fully equip the same by the 1st April for the defence of the realm against the French and Spanish fleets. Only the wealthier sort, and not the poor, to be called upon to contribute towards the expense. Dated at Westminster, 3 Nov., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372].
Br'e pro bargeis predictis fac'.
Another writ to the same to similar effect, the former writ having been ignored. Dated at Westminster, 28 Nov., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372].
Folio ccxcvii b.
Assessio denar' pro nova bargea faciend' etc.
Thereupon the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty ordained that there should be levied in each Ward half a fifteenth for completing one barge, and the Mayor sent a bill to each Alderman to levy a fifteenth granted to the King in the last Parliament (fn. 14) as well as the half a fifteenth aforesaid. Afterwards they decreed a third of a fifteenth for completing the said barge and a boat for it; and afterwards they ordered a levy of 40 pence in the pound of the fifteenth aforesaid for fitting out the barge and for arming and clothing the men, and John Coggeshale and John Horn, "pessoner," were chosen to see the matter carried out.
Custodia pueror' Ade Carlille nuper civis et pannar' London'.
24 Nov., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372], the guardianship of John, son of Adam de Carlille, late draper, Margaret, daughter of the same, and Henry, a bastard son of the same, (fn. 15) committed to John Maryns, spicer, and Marion his wife, late wife of the said Adam, by John Piel, the Mayor, and John de Cauntebrige, the Chamberlain. Sureties, viz., John Mitford, draper, and Walter Waldene, spicer.
Proclamation made temp. John Piel, Mayor, Friday the eve of Christmas [25 Dec.], 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372], to the following effect, viz.:—
That no one go about the City with "visers" or without a light to play at dice (pur juweer as dees) or other purpose, on pain of imprisonment, and to be otherwise punished at the discretion of the Mayor and Aldermen. (fn. 16)
That no stranger keep house within the franchise of the City to entertain folk at table, nor to be levaunt or couchant, (fn. 17) or [keep] any manner of hosts or hostelry except his own household, on pain of imprisonment and further punishment at the discretion of the Mayor and Aldermen.
That no farrier (mareschal) within the franchise of the City take for the shoeing of a horse with a shoe of eight nails and above (et paramount) more than 2d.; and for a shoe of less than eight nails more than 1½d.; and for removing a shoe more than ½d., on pain of imprisonment and a fine at the discretion of the Mayor and Aldermen. (fn. 18)
That no one within the franchise of the City sell linen cloth [or] canvas as a stranger to a denizen unless it be measured by the deputy of the King and of the City appointed for the purpose, on pain of forfeiture of the canvas and cloth otherwise sold and measured.
Also that no one sell anything of avoir de poys between stranger and stranger or stranger and citizen by wholesale, unless it be weighed by the King's Balance (la balance du Roi) ordained thereto, and by the deputy appointed for the purpose by the City, under the same forfeiture.
Compotum de denar' receptis pro nova bargea predicta
The morrow of St. Laurence [10 Aug.], 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373], John Coggeshale and John Horn render account for the building of a barge before John Litle and Adam Stable, Aldermen, and Adam Wymondham, Richard de Prestone, William Neuport, William Kelsille, William Strokelady, John Bryan, John Asshurst, Thomas Welford, John Maykyn, William Kyng, "tymbermongere," William Essex, Richard Northbury, William Dykeman, Reginald Love, John Organ, William Wodehous, William Baret, William Venour, William Tonge, William Brikles, Ralph Blakeneye, and Henry Makeseye, Commoners, appointed auditors of the same. They acknowledge the receipt from John Cantebrigge, the Chamberlain of the Guildhall, for the building of the barge, 852½ marks, and had paid for the barge £621 3s. 2¾d.; and so there remains a balance of £52 16s. 6d., from which there is to be subtracted a sum of £8 10s. for 80 bows and 60 sheaves of arrows, and 10s. to be given to workmen The following remain in hand, viz., 303 quarters of "shipbord," of the value of £9 3s. 4d.; 18 "raftrees," of the value of 4s.; 12 pairs of wooden "tounges," in the hands of William Taleworth, "shipwright," of the value of 4s.; 22 hoardings (hurdes'), of the value of 3s. 8d.; 3 "cogbordes," of the value of 12s. Total, £19 7s. And so there remains £33 9s. 6¾d. owing to the said John Coggeshale and John Horn, and this was paid to them on the eve of All Saints [1 Nov.], 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373], by Henry de Padyngtone, the Common Clerk, on behalf of the Chamberlain.
Folio ccxcviii b.
Br'e ne moneta Scocie recipiatur pro solucioneaut vendicione etc.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to make proclamation weekly until the Feast of the Annunciation next [25 March] against the use of Scottish money as currency, pursuant to an order by the Parliament which sat at Westminster on the morrow of All Souls [2 Nov.] last past Witness the King at Westminster, 12 Jan., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372-3].
Proclamation made accordingly, Wednesday after the Feast of St. Hillary [13 Jan.].
Bre R' de intendendo Ric'o Lyons et Joh'i de Hedyngham pro subsidio ij s de quolibet doleo vinis et vjd de libra de quibuscunque aliis mercimoniis etc.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs bidding them render every assistance to Richard Lyons and John de Hedyngham, whom the King had appointed to collect the subsidy of 2s. on every tun of wine and 6d. on every pound of merchandise imported or exported, except wool, leather, and woolfells, granted by the last Parliament from the Feast of Commemoration of Souls [2 Nov.] last past. for the space of one year. (fn. 19) Witness the King at Westminster, 3 Nov., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372].
Br'e de privato sigillo ad levand' dictum subsid' de ill' qui m'cimonia sua post concessionem ejusdem infra regnum adduxerunt vel ab eodem abduxerunt etc.
Writ of Privy Seal to the Mayor and Sheriffs that they summon before them certain merchants, whose names would be given by Richard Lyons and John de Hedyngham, collectors of the custom of tunnage and poundage granted for one year by the last Parliament, as having evaded payment, and force them to pay the subsidy due on wines and other merchandise imported and exported. Dated at Westminster, 24 Jan., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372-3].
L'ra de privato sigillo R' pro barg' per civitat' mittend' usq' Sandwy cum si parati fuerint etc.
Writ of Privy Seal to the Mayor, Aldermen, and good folks of the City for the two barges, recently ordered, to be at Sandewiz, fully equipped, by the 1st day of March. Dated at Westminster, 8 Feb. [A.D. 1372-3].
Folio ccxcix b.
Indentura int' Maiorem et Joh'em Cantebriggederecept' £cccc in part' soluc' de £vjc xxxviij de quodam subsidio Regi concesso.
Indenture to the effect that on the 28th June, 46 Edward III [A.D. 1372], John de Bernes, the Mayor, had received from John Cantebrigge, the Chamberlain, the sum of £400 in part payment of £638 on account of a subsidy of £50,000 granted by Parliament, (fn. 20) and also other sums at stated intervals.
Monday the Feast of St. Benedict [21 March], 47 Edward III [A.D. 1372-3], Alice de Salesbury, a beggar, adjudged to the pillory for women called "le Thewe" for kidnapping Margaret, daughter of John Oxewyk, "grocer" in the Ropery, and stripping her that she might go begging with the said Alice. (fn. 21)
Commissio facta ad levand' xijd de quolibet batello cum cirpis discarcat' pro mundacione locor' ubi discarcantur etc.
Appointment, under the Seal of the Mayoralty, of John de Kenle, Nicholas Pays, and Thomas Fraunkleyn, "chaundeler," to be jointly and severally collectors of the sum of 12d. to be thenceforth levied on every boat coming to the City with rushes (ove jonkes); the money to be expended on cleansing the ports, quays, &c., of the City where such boats discharge. Dated 15 March, 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1372-3].
Custodia Margar' fil' Nich'i Donat.
2 April, 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373], the guardianship of Margaret, daughter of Nicholas Donat, spicer, committed by John Piel, the Mayor, and John de Cauntebrigge, the Chamberlain, to Nicholas Holbourne and Elizabeth his wife, late wife of Nicholas Donat and mother of the infant. Sureties, viz., John Bernes, mercer, Adam Stable, mercer, John Dony, mercer, Thomas Elsynge, mercer, and John Trygge, "pessoner."
Afterwards, viz., on Friday the morrow of St. Lucia [13 Dec.], 49 Edward III. [A.D. 1375], the above Nicholas Holbourne came and delivered to the said infant her property. (fn. 22)
Folio ccc b.
4 May, 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373], Robert Beauchamp, one of the executors of Ralph de Cauntebrigge, delivered to John de Cauntebrigge [the Chamberlain] the sum of 20 marks in trust for Dionisia, daughter of the said Ralph, during minority.
Afterwards, viz., on the 12th May following, the aforesaid Chamberlain delivered the money to Robert de "Herhethe," who was guardian of the said Dionisia, as appears on the next folio.
Br'e de intendendo collectorib' ijs de quolibet dot' vini etc.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs that they render every assistance to John Organ and John Southam, who had been appointed to levy the sum of 2s. on every tun of wine coming from Gascony under safe conduct of a fleet, for the purpose of defraying expenses of such safe conduct. Witness the King at Westminster, 5 May, 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373].