Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: H, 1375-1399. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1907.
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Afterwards, viz., on Wednesday after the Feast of St. Petronilla [31 May], 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1389], it having been testified to Nicholas Twyford, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, that the above William Wodhull had been to great expense in respect of the said orphan, and had not received any part of the aforesaid sum of £10, it was agreed that he should be paid 10 marks out of the money, and that the residue should be delivered to the Chamberlain by the Feast of Pentecost [6 June], which was done, the said William Wodhull and Nicholas Usk and Richard Merlawe, "ismonger," having entered into bond to pay the money.
Folio cx b.
Recital of a portion of the will of John Sutton, draper (pannarius), appointing Johanna his wife to be guardian of his children All his children being dead, except Philip and Dionisia, and the latter being now more than fifteen years of age, there came before John Phelipot, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, John Donyngtone, "draper," who had married the above Johanna, and asked permission to marry the said Dionisia to John Barley, "draper," and it was granted.
Afterwards, viz., on the 7th June, 2 Richard II. [A.D. 1379], came the above John Barley and Dionisia his wife before the Mayor and Aldermen and acknowledged satisfaction for money due to the said Dionisia, and granted an acquittance to John Donyngtone and Johanna his wife and all other executors and surveyors of the will of the above John Sutton.
Be it remembered that on the 18th day of April and the 6th day of May, anno 2 Richard II. [A.D. 1379], it was agreed and ordained by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Council of the City, by common assent, that all the good folk of the City who were householders should provide a labourer to work, or else work themselves, on the Conduit and the ditches of the said City, when summoned, for one day in five weeks, beginning with Tower Ward for the first day, and so Ward after Ward in manner as follows:—
Tower Ward: Monday, 16 May.
Algate: Tuesday, 17 May.
Lymstrete: Friday, 20 May.
Byllynggesgate: Saturday, 20 (fn. 1) May.
Bridge: Monday, 23 May.
Bysshopesgate: Tuesday, 24 May.
Langebourne: Wednesday, 25 May.
Cornhulle: Thursday, 26 May.
Bradestrete: Friday, 27 May.
Colmanstrete: Thursday, 2 June.
Bassyeshawe: Friday, 3 June.
Douegate: Monday, 6 June.
Candelwykstret: Tuesday, 7 June.
Vintry: Wednesday, 8 June.
Walbroke: Friday, 10 June.
Cordwanerstret: Saturday, 11 June.
Chepe: Monday, 13 June.
Crepulgate: Tuesday, 14 June.
Bredstrete: Wednesday, 15 June.
Queen Hithe: Thursday, 16 June.
Castelbaynard: Friday, 17 June.
Farndone Within and Without: Saturday, 18 June..
Portsokne: Monday, 20 June.
Aldruhesgate: Tuesday, 21 June.
Form of precept sent to each Alderman for a sufficient watch to be kept in his Ward, and to see that a tub of water be placed before every house according to custom; and further, that he keep in mind his day for the City's Ditch when it comes round.
Form of precept sent to each Alderman for setting the watch on the eve of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist [24 June]; also for returning names of brewers who have incurred forfeiture, &c. (fn. 2)
Folio cxi b.
Letters patent appointing Andrew Pykeman, John Shelford, Thomas Reynham, John Vyne, John Rote, William Badby, Walter Doget, and William Venour to be collectors of the graduated poll-tax (recently voted by Parliament (fn. 3) ) according to the several assessments about to be made in the City by William Tonge, William Knyghtcote, John Organ, Robert Launde, Robert Lucas, William Wodehous, John Clyvelee, John Hoo, William Neuport, and John Bryan, and to make a return into the Exchequer by the Feast of St. John Bapt [24 June] and the Feast of St. Peter ad Vincula [1 Aug.] next ensuing. Witness the King at Westminster, 27 May, 2 Richard II. [A.D. 1379].
Letters patent appointing William Tonge and others (mentioned supra) to be assessors for the poll-tax, and to make return to the above collectors. Witness the King at Westminster, 27 May, 2 Richard II. [A.D. 1379].
Folio cxii b.
Writ to John Philipot, the Mayor, authorizing him to receive the oaths of the above William Tonge and his fellow-assessors, and to deliver to them the above letters patent. Witness the King at Westminster, 27 June, 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1379].
And because the collectors of the subsidy were unable to render certain particulars in their account according to the terms of their commission, the King sent his writ to the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer, bidding them audit the account notwithstanding this defect. Witness the King at Westminster, 10 April, 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1380].
The account of Andrew Pykeman and his fellow-collectors, the sum total of receipts and charges being £629 18s. 8d. Names mentioned : Alice de Neville, Baroness according to assessment, William, Lord Latymer, Banneret, and certain workmen of the King's Exchange in the Tower, viz., John and Stephen Mody, John Vyne, John and Hugh Toller, Richard atte Wyche, John Thomere, and Giles de Berkynge, and Edmund, Earl of March.
17 Dec., 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1379], ordinance by John Hadlee, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Common Council, that John Charney, the Common Hunt (venator communitatis London'), should receive the profits arising from the "Stations" around the Crosses in Chepe up to the sum of £10 yearly, during the pleasure of the City. (fn. 6)
Masters of Misteries sworn.
Folio cxiii b.
Wednesday before the Feast of SS. Philip and James [1 May], 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1382], came John Charney, the Common Hunt, before John de Northamptone, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Commoners, and showed that the profits arising out of the Stations about the Crosses in Chepe were not sufficient to satisfy his annual fee of £10. Thereupon it was ordained that he should receive annually the sum of 100s, and that the balance should be taken out of the profits of the Stations. (fn. 7)
Friday after the Feast of St. Barnabas [11 June], 2 Richard II. [A.D. 1379], proclamation made to the following effect, viz That cornmongers bringing corn, &c., from the counties of Cambridge, Huntingdon, and Bedford, as well as those from Ware, should carry it to the market on the Pavement at Graschirche; whilst those coming from the West, like Barnet, should carry their corn to the Pavement before the Friars Minors at Neugate. (fn. 8)
Regulations against forestalling victuals, and prescribing the sale and price of butter. (fn. 9)
Writ to the Sheriff to make proclamation to the effect that the King was about to appoint Commissioners of assay for vessels of silver, which according to a recent ordinance of Parliament (fn. 10) ought to be marked with the goldsmith's private mark and of sterling quality. Witness the King at Westminster, 6 June, 2 Richard II. [A.D. 1379].
Record of payments made by William Ivory and Johanna his widow and executrix between September, 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1379], and December, 14 Richard II. [A.D. 1390], in respect of tenements charged under the will of Walter Neel (fn. 11) with an annual payment of 100s. for the repair of highways around London.
Folio cxiv b.
Writ to the Sheriffs for the due observance of a statute made at Westminster by the last Parliament (fn. 12) repealing cap vi of a statute made at Gloucester, anno 2 Richard II., (fn. 13) touching commissions to arrest rioters, and enacting (inter alia) that fraudulent deeds made by debtors shall be void. Dated at Westminster, 2 June, 2 Richard II. [A.D. 1379].
15 July, 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1379], Alice, wife of Robert Godriche, convicted by a jury—viz., John Salman, John Wyt, Richard Blomville, William Colchestre, Richard Radewelle, Robert Savage, John Sewalle, Gilbert atte Gate, Nicholas Wetheresfeld, Geoffrey Poppe, Richard Pyryman, and William Bramptone—of slandering William Waleworthe, and condemned to the pillory, but the punishment remitted at Waleworthe's request. (fn. 14)
2 Aug., 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1379], at the request of John Pount, William Craft, and Thomas Trumpeltone, sworn surveyors of the mistery of "Tassemakeres" (fn. 15) and "Patynmakers," (fn. 16) precept was issued by John Phelipot, the Mayor, to Philip Waleworthe, Serjeant of the Chamber, as had frequently been done before, to close the doors of houses of all strangers and 'foreigners exercising the said mistery within the liberty of the City, so that they should no longer buy and sell goods appertaining to the said mistery.
22 Dec., 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393], by order of John Hadlee, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, a sum of 43s. 4d. was delivered by Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, to Peter, son of Peter Whappelode, out of the sum of £20 [sic] which the said Chamberlain held in trust for him, as appears supra, fo. cx [b].
Afterwards, viz., on the 13th March, 18 Richard II. [A.D. 1394-5], the aforesaid Chamberlain, by order of John Fresshe, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and with the assent of the above orphan, paid to John Marchaunt 53s. 4d. for clothing and other necessaries for the said Peter, and £4 for his apprenticeship to Richard Ouchale (?), mercer. [Other payments follow.]
Folio cxv b.
Wednesday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1379], in the presence of John Philipot, the Mayor, William Cheyne, the Recorder, John Warde, Robert Hatfeld, John Southam, Walter Sibyle, Thomas Irland, Edmund Olyver, Thomas Cornwaleys, John Boseham, John Sely, Adam Karlille, John Maryns, Roger Elys, Robert Boxford, Thomas Welford, and John Redynge, Aldermen, and an immense Commonalty summoned to the Guildhall for the election of Sheriffs, John Heylesdone and William Baret were elected Sheriffs for the year ensuing, viz., John Heylesdone by the Mayor and William Baret by the Commonalty On the 28th September they were sworn, and on the morrow of St. Michael were admitted before the Barons of the Exchequer at Westminster.
The same day Adam Carlille, Walter Sybille, Robert Hatfeld, and Thomas Welford, Aldermen, and William Badby, John Hadele, William More, John Burwelle, John Vyne, John Hoo, John Rote, and Robert Warbultone, Commoners, were elected auditors of the Chamberlain's account.
Precept to the Aldermen to inquire into the cause of the scarcity of bread, and to make a return of the names of any they may find blameworthy in the matter. It being understood that the main cause of the scarcity was the want of water, they are to warn every one who used two bushels of wheat in his house a week to set up in his house a hand-mill before the Feast of the Nativity of our Lord next ensuing, on pain of a fine of 20s. to the Chamber, as was decreed by common council (par co'e conseil) this 26th day of September.
Complaint made to John Philippot, the Mayor, that John Beverle, esquire, had built a kitchen across the lane called "Cosynlane," in the Ward of Douegate, so as to be a nuisance. The building viewed by the Mayor and Aldermen, who found that beyond the memory of man a building had existed on the upper part of the lane which hung lower than the building complained of; but in order to ascertain the truth of the matter they direct an inquest to be held by Edmund Olyver, Alderman of the Ward, and men of the venue, who found that the building complained of was not a nuisance.
Thursday the Feast of the Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1379], in the presence of John Phelippot, the Mayor, William Cheyne, the Recorder, John Southam, John Horn, Walter Sibille, John Warde, Robert Hatfeld, John Hende, William Eynesham, Thomas Irlond, Hervey Begge, Edmund Olyver, Thomas Cornwaleys, John Boseham, John Sely, Adam Karlille, John Shelford, William Kyng, John Maryns, Roger Elys, Robert Boxford, Thomas Welford, John Redynge, Aldermen, and John Heylesdone and William Baret, Sheriffs, and an immense Commonalty, summoned for the election of a Mayor for the year ensuing, John Hadlee was elected. (fn. 17) Afterwards, viz., on the morrow of SS Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], he was presented, admitted, and sworn before the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer.
Monday the eve of All Saints [1 Nov.], 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1379], in a Common Council, as well of the misteries as of other the most sufficient men of the City, regulations made for cleansing the streets and quays, the sale of fish, and for the sale of cattle in Smythefeld. (fn. 18)
Letter from John Hadlee, the Mayor, and John Ussher, the Chamberlain of the Guildhall, to William [Courtenay], Bishop of London, presenting William Whittyn to one of the five chantries founded in the Guildhall Chapel for the souls of Roger de Frowyk and Mary his wife. Dated 17 Nov., A D 1379.
A similar letter was sent to Robert [de Braybrook], Bishop of London, by Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, and Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, on behalf of John Dangy, Chaplain, on the death of Thomas Cranle, 19 Nov., A D 1386.
Be it remembered that on Thursday the eve of St. Katherine [25 Nov.], 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1379], in a Common Council of the City, there being present John Hadlee, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and good men chosen from the several misteries, as well as others of the more powerful and discreet citizens, summoned for the purpose, it was unanimously agreed that 6 pence in the pound of rents, lands, &c., within the City should be levied for the next two years for the repair of the City's walls and ditches And because the money so raised would not suffice for the purpose, it was further agreed that during the same period the sum of 1,100 marks should be levied on the goods and chattels of all citizens, whether residing within the City or without.
Folio cxvi b.
20 December, 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1379], proclamation forbidding the storing of wood called "bilet" and regulating its sale. (fn. 19)
The same day proclamation was made at Graschirche that freemen of the City who brought corn and barley to be sold there should stand by themselves under the wall of the church of All Hallows and not mix with strangers, under pain of forfeiture. (fn. 20)
9 Jan., the year aforesaid [A.D. 1379-80], proclamation made forbidding the sale of "sprottes" out of ships by the dish, pan, or handful, but they are to be sold only by "tandels," half "tandels," bushel, half bushel, peck, and half peck, as of old accustomed, under pain of forfeiture. (fn. 21)
Writ for election of four citizens to attend a Parliament to be held at Westminster, Monday after the Feast of St. Hillary [13 Jan.] next ensuing. (fn. 22) No Sheriff to be returned. Witness the King at Westminster, 20 Oct., 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1379].
Pursuant to the above writ there were elected John Philippot, Robert Launde, John Boseham, and Thomas Cornwaleys to attend the Parliament. (fn. 23)
14 Dec., 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1379], the guardianship of John, son of John Staunford and of Johanna "Frutestere" his wife, aged eight years, together with a sum of 40s. bequeathed to him by John Cornwaille, committed by John Haddele, the Mayor, and John Ussher, the Chamberlain, to the aforesaid Johanna, mother of the infant, his father having been absent abroad a long season. Sureties, viz., John Blakthorne and Nicholas Rote, "vynter."
Afterwards, inasmuch as the aforesaid Johanna and John Blakthorne, one of her sureties, were dead, and nothing could be levied of the above sum of 40s. on their goods, the money was levied on the tenements of the above Nicholas Rote, and was paid to the orphan, the 10th March, 19 Richard II. [A.D. 1395-6].
Indenture of lease by John Haddele, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Commonalty to Hervey Begge, draper, of a tenement in Candelwykestrete in the parish of St. Swythin, situate near the tenements of Thomas St. Esmond and Walter Marwe; to hold the same for a term of fifty years, at an annual rent of 5 marks. The lessee covenants, under a bond in £100, to rebuild the tenement at his own expense within the next two years. Dated the eve of All Saints [1 Nov.], 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1379].
Folio cxvii b.
Be it remembered that on the 15th December, 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1379], Henry Spondone, Rector of the church of St. John Zakary, and Thomas Tillebury, "lorymer," executors of the will of John Shordich, came into Court before the Mayor and Recorder in the Chamber of the Guildhall, and delivered to John Ussher, the Chamberlain of the said Guildhall, the sum of £19 appertaining to Margaret, daughter of the said John Shordich, of her father's goods, to be spent as his will directs, provided that if John Bartone, goldsmith, succeeds in recovering at law his claim of 20 marks against the said executors the same shall be deducted from the aforesaid sum of £19 to satisfy the said claim.
Ordinance for regulating the business of "Pastelers," forbidding (inter alia) the baking of rabbit pies, the selling of beef as venison, the using of garbage, &c. (fn. 24)
Let cry be made that no hosteler within the franchise of the City of London take more from any one for hay for a horse for a day and a night than 2 pence, and for a bushel of corn more than 6 pence, and that he sell it by sealed measure, bushel, half-bushel, and "pekke," on penalty prescribed; that no hosteler receive or buy any horse-bread in his hostel of strangers unless it be of correct weight, as strange bread ought of right to weigh, on the same penalty that he would suffer if he had baked it himself; (fn. 25) that no new wine lie in any tavern cellar where there is old wine, &c.; that no one sell the best lamb for more than 8d. and others according to value. And forasmuch as the Mayor and Sheriffs cannot always be present where such lambs, or other victuals cried at a certain price, are sold, it is ordained and agreed that if any victualler refuse to let any one have such lambs, ale, poultry, or other victuals whatsoever, valued in manner aforesaid, at the price fixed, the purchaser shall complain to some officer well known in the City, if such be present, that he may cause him to have the aforesaid goods at the price fixed. And if any such officer refuse, be negligent, and not do in manner aforesaid, the plaintiff shall then complain to the Mayor and Aldermen or the Sheriffs or to one of them, who shall do him right.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs that they allow William Hervy to exercise the office of Aulnager of cloth conferred upon him by the King's grandfather, he receiving from the vendor for every whole cloth aulnaged ½d. and for every half cloth ¼d. Witness the King at Westminster, 3 Aug., 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1379].
Articles proposed by good men of the mistery of Cutlers in full assembly of John Hadle, the Mayor, and the Aldermen at the Husting of Common Pleas held on Monday after the Feast of St. Hillary [13 Jan.], 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1379-80], and approved. (fn. 26)
Folio cxviii b.
8 Feb., 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1379-80], the guardianship of Agnes, daughter of William Stodeye, (fn. 27) late vintner, aged five years, together with the sum of £58 and 15d. bequeathed to her by her father, committed by John Hadlee, the Mayor, and John Ussher, the Chamberlain, to Philip Derneford, vintner, who married Isabella, widow of the said William and mother of the orphan. Sureties, viz., Adam Stable and Gilbert Purneys.
Afterwards, viz., on the 16th March of the same year, came Nicholas Rote, taverner, and Gilbert Mersshe, "chaundeler," executors of the above William Stodeye, and paid to the above Philip the sum of £7 19s. 3d. for expenses incurred on behalf of the said Agnes during two years, saving the orphan's right of action touching the above sum of £58 and 15d.
19 March, 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1379-80], the guardianship of Margaret, daughter of John Shordich, goldsmith, aged ten years, together with a sum of £15, committed by John Hadlee, the Mayor, and John Ussher, the Chamberlain, to John Laneham, goldsmith Sureties, viz., Robert Lucas, goldsmith, and William Hortone, "draper."
Account of John Pecche, guardian of John, son and heir of John Costantyn, rendered in the quinzaine of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1379], before William Walworth, Nicholas Brembre, John Boseham, John Organ, Adam Karlille, Walter Sibille, Thomas Welford, and Robert Warbultone as auditors.
The said guardian charges himself (inter alia) with the sum of £100 for the marriage of his ward, so that the said ward find sufficient surety, before the Mayor and Aldermen in the Chamber of the Guildhall, for the payment of the said sum to Philippa his wife, daughter of the said John Pecche, in case of a divorce.
Folio cxix b.
Afterwards, viz., on the last day of April, the same year, came the above John Costantyn and John Norhamptone before the said Mayor, William Cheyne, the Recorder, and William Baret, Sheriff, and entered into bond for the payment of £100 to the above Philippa in the event of a divorce; and the said John Costantyn and Richard Hemyngburgh further entered into a bond for providing the said Philippa with all necessaries.
Afterwards, viz., on the 1st March, 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380-1], it being understood by the Court that a divorce had taken place before Thomas Cranelee, the Official of the Archdeacon of London, on the 18th Jan., A. D. 1380[-1], the above sum of £100 was delivered to the above Philippa at her request.
16 Dec., 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1379], came John Wakele before John Hadlee, the Mayor, and Richard Odiham, the Chamberlain, and delivered to the said Chamberlain the sum of 200 marks bequeathed by Roger atte Milne, vintner, to William and John, his sons.
Form of oath to be taken by the Wardens of the mistery of Fishmongers to the effect that they will not suffer any kind of corrupt or unseasonable fish to be sold in the markets or elsewhere, but shall confiscate it and bring it to Neugate as of old accustomed, that they will notify the Mayor or Sheriffs of any found forestalling fish by land or water; that they make daily search for those who buy any manner of Thames fish, viz., smelt, "roches," or flounders, to sell again, and see that those who fish for them sell such fish by themselves, their wives, children, servants, or their deputies, at the places appointed, and not elsewhere, so that they be only once sold, and then to the commons for their own use; that they suffer no fresh fish of citizen or stranger to be stored in hostel or shop before it has been offered for sale in open market in front of their shop in view of the people, unless it arrive too late, in which case the good men of the mistery may store their own fish by view of the Serjeants or the Wardens, provided they do it openly and without concealment, and bring the fish on the morrow to the market to sell it as is aforesaid; that, further, they suffer no freeman of the City to avow or receive the fish of strangers, but the said Wardens, with the assistance of the Mayor and Sheriffs if they get to hear of it, shall buy the fish for the common benefit of the people, and shall distribute it equally among all the good men of the mistery, both poor and rich, to each according to his estate, to sell again by retail to the commons for their own use, and this without taking excessive gain; provided that if any freeman of the City come when such fish is being bargained for (soit enbargaynant) and wish to have a portion of it for his household, he may have it at the price at which he could have bought it before the fish had been distributed among the fishmongers as aforesaid, &c.
13 April, 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1380], it was agreed by the Mayor and Aldermen that the above-named shall remove all trinks (trimkos (fn. 28) ) and other engines placed in the Thames for the destruction of fish, with the assistance of Walter Sibille, William Bramptone, William Kelshulle, Richard Giffard, Nicholas Rameseye, William Polle, and John Charney as their deputies. Their reasonable expenses to be paid out of the Chamber, and forfeitures to be divided among them during the pleasure of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty.
Deed whereby Peter de Cheyham, Prior of the church of St Mary de Suthwerk, John de Boreford, Robert de Keleseye, Richard de Braynford, cnaplain, Thomas de Enefeld, and John de Wautham, executors of Thomas Romayn, (fn. 29) signify their approval of a sale made by Juliana, widow of the said Thomas, of certain tenements which the said Thomas had acquired from Robert de Uptone at the corner of Honylane, in the parish of All Hallows de Honylane, to Michael Myniot, vintner, and Juliana his wife, daughter of the said Robert. Witnesses, Stephen de Abyndone, the Mayor, William de Budeley and Hamo "Goudchepe," the Sheriffs, John de Wengrave, Alderman of the Ward, (fn. 30) Richard Costantyn, Roger de Bow (de Arcubus), Bartholomew de Honylane, Matthew de Essex, William le Buteler, William le Gras, John Ballard, John [de Sellinge, and others [not named]. Dated 3 July, 9 Edward II. [A.D. 1316].
Be it remembered that John Prentys, "draper," produced the above deed in Court, the 11th April, 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1380]; and whereas Richard de Westone, son of Margery, daughter of Robert de Uptone, had desired the said deed and delivery of the same in opposition to the said John; and whereas Robert, the Prior of the New Hospital of St. Mary within Crepulgate, (fn. 31) claimed the document as belonging of right to his church, whilst the said John Prentys claimed it likewise for his ward John, son of John de Gartone, precept was issued to Richard Forster, the attorney of the said Richard de Westone, and to John Prentys, to appear on the 20th April to show cause, &c.; and another precept was issued to Philip Walworth, Serjeant of the Chamber, to warn the said Prior to appear on the same day. All the parties accordingly appeared on the day named except the said Prior, who made default. The said John Prentys showed no evidence of the deed being the property of his ward, but asked that it might be enrolled so that copies might be made of it. His request granted. It was further adjudged that the deed should be delivered to the said Richard Westone.
Folio cxx b.
Precept to levy every day at the City gates 1d. on every cart coming loaded to the City (except the carts of lords for their own use), and ¼d. on every loaded horse, the money to be devoted to the repair of roads; also to levy every week 5d. on every cart entering the City with "lomb," sand, or "gravel" for the same purpose. Dated 3 April, 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1380].
30 April (ultimo die Aprilis), 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1380], it was ordained that the above levy should continue to be made until all the roads be fully repaired, and, further, that proclamation should be made to the following effect, viz.—
That no wine of Gascony, Rhenish, "Greek," of Provence or "la Rochele," be sold for more than 10d. a gallon, no Spanish wine for more than 8d., and no "Malvesie" for more than 16d.; that no Provence, Greek, or other white wine lie in any tavern cellar where Malvesie lies for sale, and if any there be, it is to be sold between now and next Hokeday, (fn. 32) and that no Malvesie be sold as Malvesie until assayed by the persons appointed thereto, under penalty prescribed.
Also that all cloth made in Essex, Shropshire, or elsewhere; beyond the liberties of the City, be sold at the places appointed, viz., at "les Stokkes" and at the Guildhall, and not elsewhere, and that all hostelers warn their hosts who bring cloth to the City for sale, at their first coming, that they show and sell their cloth entire at the places and in the manner aforesaid, under pain of suffering the same penalty as the cloth merchant.
Also that no whole cloth, half cloth, or dozen made within the liberties of London be sold before it be sealed by a Serjeant of the Chamber appointed for the purpose, with a seal of lead, ordained for the purpose, after the day above named, on pain of forfeiture.
Afterwards, viz., on the 11th April, with the assent of the Mayor and Aldermen, the seal ordained for sealing cloth was delivered to Philip Walworth, Serjeant of the Chamber, he receiving 2d. for sealing every whole cloth and 1d. for any smaller cloth.
30 April, 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1380], ordinance by the Mayor and Aldermen, with the assent of the whole Common Council, to the effect that in future freemen of the City not resident therein shall be assessed in tallages, aids, &c., for the King or the common advantage of the City, at the discretion of the Mayor and Aldermen for the time being at the Guildhall, and not in any particular Ward, and the money so raised shall be delivered to the Chamberlain on a day to be appointed for the relief and aid of the Wards that are too heavily assessed, at the discretion of the Mayor and Aldermen; and if any freeman fail to pay his assessment on the day appointed he shall lose his freedom.
Pursuant to the above ordinance a letter was sent to the underwritten persons, bidding them appear at the Guildhall the morrow of the Feast of St. John Baptist [24 June] next with the sums at which each was assessed. Sealed with the seal of the Mayoralty, 26 May, 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1380].
William Grevel de Campedene, 5 marks; William Wakeman de Henle, 40s.; William Lyberd de Coventre, 40s.; Roger Potter de Bury, 60s.; John Canynges (fn. 33) de Bristoll, 60s.; William Mapel de Hamelhoke, 40s.; John Sewale de Coggeshale, 60s.; William Chaunterell de Lewes, 40s.; Esmon Halstede, 40s.; William Middelton de Caleys, 40s.; John Ultynge de Caleys, 60s.; Simon Shyryngham, 40s.; Ralph Algar de Colchestre, 40s.; John Corpsty de Norwyz, 20s.; Thomas Mounteneye de Norwys, 20s.; John Vycory de Lavenham, 20s.; Adam Fraunceys, 60s.; John Wrothe, 40s.; Nicholas Extone, 40s.; John Horne de Northflete, 40s.; Ralph Double, 60s.; Gosselyn de Clyve, 40s.; Ralph Crane de Caleys, 60s.; William Wal derne de South[ampton], 40s.; Thomas Albon, 60s.; Walter Southous, 40s.; John Blakeneye, 5 marks, John Werdeman de Essex, 60s.; Richard Sunny, "pessoner," 40s.; John Broun de Caleys, 20s.; John Newerk de Caleys, 20s.; John Costantyn, 20s.; William Bakwell, 20s.; Robert Bakere de Ely, 40s.; Giles Pykeman, 40s.; John Cros de Guldeford, 10s.