Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: H, 1375-1399. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1907.
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Folio cxxxi - cxl.
20 March, 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380-1], the guardianship of William, son of John Lynne, "stokfisshmongere," aged ten years, and of Alice, daughter of the same, aged twelve years, together with a tenement in the parish of St. Michael de la Crokedlane, committed by William Waleworth, the Mayor, and Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, to John Mockynge, vintner. Sureties, viz., Benedict Cornwaille, "draper," and John Wakele, vintner.
13 March, 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380-1], William Horscroft, skinner, attached to answer the Mayor and Commonalty, as well as John Barry and other Wardens of the mistery of Skinners, for mixing new work with old in four furs, viz., one of clean fur (puratam) and three of "menyver," contrary to the ordinance recorded in Letter-Book G, fo. clxii [b]. The accused made no defence. Six men of the mistery summoned to appear on the 15th March, viz., Walter Pykenham, Stephen Daubeny, Andrew Coggeshale, Peter Mildenhale, John Tyderle, and Thomas Lakford, who condemned the furs, which were therefore declared forfeited. The accused condemned to prison and fined.
Folio cxxxi b.
The Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380-1], at a full meeting of the Common Council of the City in the Upper Chamber of the Guildhall, on the petition of Thomas Reynham, Alderman of the Ward of Aldrichesgate, a plot of the common soil of the City now built upon and situate between the corner of Colmanstret and the Church of All Hallows in the Wall, concerning which presentment had often been made by the Wardmotes of the Ward of Colmanstret, to the effect that it would have become an encroachment (quod facta fuerit purprestura), was granted to the said Thomas and his heirs by William Walworth, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, with the assent of the Commonalty, subject to certain annual payments to the City, and a deed under the seal of the Commonalty was to be made to that effect.
Whereas divers losses had occurred to the Chamber of the Guildhall and the whole Commonalty by reason of no one being admitted to the freedom of the City for less than £3, (fn. 1) which prevented poor persons from obtaining it, and they had withdrawn to Southwerk and Westminster and without the liberty of the City, and many houses in the City on that account stood empty, and the number of the citizens had diminished—it was the same day ordained that thenceforth it should be lawful for the Chamberlain for the time being, associated with two Aldermen, to admit any fit and proper person into the freedom by redemption for a sum suitable to his estate, the procedure recorded in the great charter of liberties of the City being followed as of old accustomed.
The same day it was ordained that thenceforth no masters, surveyors, or wardens of misteries nor others should receive any money fine for their own use, or the use of any one of their mistery, for presenting any one to the freedom of the City, under penalty of paying double the sum received to the Cham berlain for the time being, as well as restoring the sum received to the person from whom they received it, and the person so to be admitted shall be questioned on oath on the matter before he be admitted.
The same day, in the presence of the said Common Council, John Marchaunt was sworn and admitted Clerk of the Chamber, receiving yearly 100s. for his services from Michaelmas [29 Sept.], 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380].
Precept to the Aldermen that they take with them the late Aldermen of their respective Wards, and two of the assessors of the last subsidy and the rolls, and make a house-to-house visitation in order to see that the names of all those who ought to have contributed to the subsidy are entered on the rolls; (fn. 2) and, further, that they inquire whether the bakers, brewers, and other victuallers in their Wards have observed the ordinances affecting their business. Dated 13 March, 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380-1].
Election of Aldermen.
Tower: Hugh Fastolf.
Byllyngesgate: John Horne.
Bridge: Walter Sibyle.
Langebourne: John Southam.
Lymstret: William Knyghtcote.
Algate: William Tonge.
Bysshopesgate: John Chircheman.
Cornhulle: Thomas Irlond.
Bradstret: Adam Karlille.
Walbrok: William Baret.
Candelwykstret: John Hende.
Douegate: Edmund Olyver.
Vintry: Thomas Cornwaleys.
Cordewanerestret: John Heylesdone.
Chepe: John Boseham.
Colmanstret: William Kyng.
Bassyeshawe: John Fresshe.
Crepulgate: Robert Lucas.
Aldrichesgate: Roger Elys.
Farndone: Robert Boxford.
Bredstret: Thomas Welford.
Queenhithe: John Ragenelle.
Castle Baynard: John Redynge.
Account rendered by John Hende, Adam Bamme, John Fresshe, Geoffrey Crymelford, Henry Herbury, and Henry Mortone, collectors of the poll-tax in the City and suburbs, under the supervision of John Brian and Richard de Aylesbury, comptrollers of the subsidy.
They acknowledge the receipt of £1,019 17s. from 20,397 persons in the 24 Wards of the City and in the suburbs. They received nothing from Gautron Barde, Master of the King's Mints, and John de Leycestre, the King's Changer and Assayer in the Tower, nor from 27 moneyers and officers of the King's Exchange, nor from 28 merchants of Almaine, nor from John Clerk, Thomas Derby, and Richard Assheby, unmarried, clerks of the church of St. Mary de Aldermaricherche, by the King's orders. They are quit.
Folio cxxxii b.
17 April, 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1381], in a full assembly held in the Upper Chamber of the Guildhall, by summons of William Walworth, the Mayor, as well of those who were then Aldermen as of those who had been, together with the more powerful Commoners from the several Wards, (fn. 3) it was agreed that the old Seal of the office of Mayoralty should be broken up and a new Seal made, in which the City arms should appear at the feet of the figures of SS. Peter and Paul, with a lion guardant on either side, two serjeants-at-arms being placed above, one on either side of the figures, and two pavilions with two angels standing on either side, above, whilst between them should be a figure of the Blessed Virgin seated. (fn. 4)
Appointment by William Walworth, the Mayor, and the citizens of London, under the Mayoralty Seal, of John Gardyner, chaplain, to be Warden or Master of the Hospital of St. Mary de Bethlem without Bisshopesgate for life. Dated in the Chamber of the Guildhall, 21 April, 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1381].
25 May, 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1381], the guardianship of Johanna, daughter of John Ussher, aged five and a half years, together with the sum of £106 13s. 4d., committed by William Walworthe, the Mayor, and Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, to John Walcote, merchant. Sureties, viz., Thomas Gurdelere and John Leycestre.
Afterwards, viz., on the 14th May, 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1393], came Walter Kyng, "grosser," who had married the above Johanna, before William Staundone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and received from the above John Walcote his wife's patrimony with mesne profits, and the said John Walcote and his sureties are quit.
31 May, 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1381], William Fot, of county Oxford, "pulter," condemned to the pillory for offering putrid pigeons for sale. (fn. 5)
Folio cxxxiii b.
12 July, 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1381], the guardianship of Robert, son of Robert Hatteld, late grocer (grossar'), aged fifteen years, committed by William Waleworth, Knt., the Mayor, and Richard Odiham, the Chamberlain, to John Chynkeford, grocer, and Johanna his wife, together with a sum of money and divers goods and chattels. Sureties, viz., John Baas, called "Prentis," draper, and William Wottone, "wolmongere."
Afterwards, viz., on the 12th April, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1386], came the above sureties and were discharged, and John Cosyn, grocer, came and undertook to bring into the Chamber the orphan's property before Whitsuntide next.
Account of the insurrection by men of Kent and Essex under Walter Tyler, and of his death at the hands of William Walworth, on Saturday, the 15th June, 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1381]. (fn. 6)
Letters patent appointing William Walleworth, the Mayor, Robert Bealknap, Robert Knolles, John Philippot, Nicholas Brembre, Robert Launde, and William Cheyne to be commissioners for safeguarding the City and suburbs and preventing insurrections. Witness the King at London, 15 June, 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1381].
Letters patent appointing the above or any six, five, four, three, or two (the Mayor or Robert Bealknap being one) to be Commissioners to investigate the recent outbreak and punish offenders during the absence of the King, who was about to visit the disaffected counties. Witness the King at London, 15 June, 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1381]. (fn. 7)
Folio cxxxiv b.
Precept to the Aldermen that they summon before them all who keep hostels in their several Wards, and hold them responsible for themselves and their hosts and take their names in writing Written. Sunday, 16 June, 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1381].
Another precept for the Aldermen to cause the inhabitants of their respective Wards to take an oath of fealty, the names of those taking the oath being recorded in writing, and to arrest those who refuse. Written 20 June, 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1381]. (fn. 8)
Precept to the Aldermen for guarding the several gates of the City by day and night with armed men in manner prescribed. (fn. 9)
23 Sept., 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1381], came Richard Aylesbury, Ralph Kestevene, and John Bradefeld, executors of John Hothom, grocer, and brought his will, wherein he bequeathed to John his son and Margaret and Johanna his daughters, respectively, the sum of £80, and appointed Margaret his wife their guardian.
Afterwards, viz., on the 25th Sept., 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1381], the guardianship of the said children was committed by Sir William Walworth, the Mayor, and Richard Odiham, the Chamberlain, to Walter Sibile, who had married the above Margaret, their mother. Surety, viz., John Chircheman.
Afterwards, viz., on the 15th Nov., 2 Henry IV. [A.D. 1400], came Thomas, the Vicar of "Saham," (fn. 10) co. Cambr, executor of the above John, son of John Hothom, and by virtue of his will and of certain letters patent of Thomas Trivet, the Mayor of Cambridge, to the Mayor and Aldermen of London, received a sum of money from the above John Chircheman on behalf of John Grace and the aforesaid Margaret his wife, formerly wife of John Hothom, and on later occasions divers other sums of money due.
Saturday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1381], in the presence of Sir William Walworth, the Mayor, William Cheyne, the Recorder, Nicholas Brembre, John Philippot, Robert Launde, Nicholas Twyford, John Heylesdone, John Boseham, John Redynge, Thomas Cornwaleis, Adam Karlille, Robert Lucas, Thomas Irlond, Roger Elys, John Chircheman, Robert Boxford, Thomas Welford, Edmund Olyver, John Fresshe, Walter Sibille, John Horn, Walter Doget, and William Knyghtcote, and very many Commoners summoned for the election of Sheriffs—John Hende was elected Sheriff for the year ensuing, and John Rote was elected by the Commonalty.
The same day John Boseham, Thomas Welford, Walter Sibille, Adam Karlille, Aldermen, Robert Warbultone, William Eynsham, Henry Vannere, and John Shadworth, Commoners, were elected auditors of the accounts of the Chamberlain and the Wardens of London Bridge.
Folio cxxxv b.
Writ to the Sheriffs for the election of four citizens to attend a Parliament at Westminster which had been prorogued from Monday after the Feast of Exaltation of H. Cross [14 Sept.] to the morrow of All Souls [2 Nov.]. (fn. 11) Witness the King at Eltham, 22 Aug., 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1381].
Indenture of lease by John Markeby, goldsmith, and Johanna his wife to Thomas Polle, goldsmith, of a shop, &c., in the parish of St. Peter near the High Cross in Chepe for a term of thirteen years, from Easter [14 April], 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1381], at an annual rent of 4 marks.
Acquittance under the Common Seal by Sir William Waleworth, Mayor, the Aldermen, and the rest of the citizens to Richard Odyham, Chamberlain, on his account for one year from Michaelmas, 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380]. Dated in the Chamber of the Guildhall the morrow of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1381].
Sunday the Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1381], in the presence of Sir William Walworth, the Mayor, William Cheyne, the Recorder, John Boseham, John Heylesdone, Thomas Cornwaleys, William Baret, Hugh Fastolf, John Horne, Walter Sibile, John Southam, William Knyghtcote, William Tonge, John Chircheman, Thomas Irland, Adam Karlille, John Hende, Edmund Olyver, William Kyng, John Fresshe, Robert Lucas, Roger Elys, Robert Boxford, Thomas Welford, John Ragenel, and John Redynge, Aldermen, John Hende and John Rote, the Sheriffs, and an immense Commonalty summoned for the election of a Mayor for the year ensuing—John Norhamptone (fn. 12) was elected Mayor, and afterwards, viz., on the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], was sworn in the Chamber of the Guildhall, and on the morrow was presented, admitted, and sworn before the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer.
Account rendered in the Chamber of the Guildhall, 5 Oct., 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1381], by Richard Tiderle, skinner, and Johanna his wife, late wife of Thomas Serjaunt, before auditors appointed by Sir William Walworth, the Mayor, viz., Robert Boxford and Roger Elys, Aldermen, Richard Odiham the Chamberlain, and Ralph Strode, Common Pleader, at the suit of Johanna, daughter of Adam Cope, skinner, an orphan, aged seventeen years, apprenticed to William Horston.
Account rendered 29 May, 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1381], by Agnes, widow of Adam Fraunceys, of her guardianship of Paul, son of Thomas Salesbury, Knt., before John Boseham, John Chircheman, and Richard Odiham, the Chamberlain, as auditors.
21 Sept., 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386], came John Cosyn, grocer, into the Chamber of the Guildhall and paid the sum of £70 10s. 4d. to Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, for the use of Robert, son of Robert Hatfeld.
Masters of Misteries sworn.
Folio cxxxvi b.
"Verriers": (fn. 13) Richard Sauvage and William Pathe, sworn 25 Feb., the same year.
Friday after the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov.], 14 Richard II. [A.D. 1390], came Robert, son of Robert Hatfeld, being of full age, before Adam Bamme, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and demanded the rest of his property, and it was delivered to him.
Precept [to the Alderman of Vintry] that from Sunday next he daily guard the Ludgate with 18 armed men of his Ward from six o'clock in the morning until six o'clock (eight o'clock ?) in the evening, when he is to close the gate and place the keys in safe keeping, as he shall answer for them to William Wircestre and "Phelipot" Walworthe, and at eight o'clock the customary night-watch is to be set. He is further enjoined to summon the good men of his Ward on Saturday morning to consider how this precept can be best carried out until the Parliament is ended. Dated the eve of All Saints [1 Nov.], 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1381].
Folio cxxxvii b.
And be it remembered that the Alderman of the Ward of Candelwykstret shall keep watch with men of his Ward, armed and arrayed, when the Mayor and Sheriffs pass through the City. (fn. 14)
Precept for closing the gates of the City at six o'clock in the evening and keeping them closed until six o'clock in the morning, and for all persons except those appointed to keep watch, to be in their hostels at that hour of the evening.
15 Nov., 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1381], certain sacks of coal brought to the City by William Benge, servant of John Bernard, of Bishop Hatfeld [co. Herts], measured at the Guildhall and found to contain less than eight bushels a quarter. The said servant disclaiming all knowledge of the faultiness of the sacks, the same were seized until the master should come and submit to judgment, and the said William was sworn not to bring faulty sacks to the City.
16 Nov., proclamation against any one bearing arms in the City except peers of the realm and knights or esquires of the King's household and retinue; against vagrants by night; (fn. 15) against selling divers wines above the price prescribed, &c.
Licence granted by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty to Robert Knolles, Knt., and Custance his wife, to build a halpace (fn. 16) (hautpas) over (outre (fn. 17)) Syvendenlane in the parish of All Hallows de Berkyngchirche near the Tower, connecting two of their houses, one on each side of the said lane, the grantees rendering therefor one red rose at Midsummer. Dated 23 July, 5 Richard II. .
Letters patent appointing Robert Tresilian, Robert Bealknape, John Norhamptone, the Mayor, William Walworth, John de Middeltone, and William Cheyne, or any five, four, three, or two (the Mayor being one), to be commissioners for gaol-delivery of Neugate. Witness the King at Westminster, 18 Nov., 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1381].
23 Nov., 5 Richard II. [A.D.. 1381], Simon Figge of Sarre, near Sandwich, condemned to stand in the pillory with a whetstone attached to his neck for having falsely declared he had witnessed the murder of a man belonging to the household of the Earl of Northumberland, and the rescue of the murderer by six men of a certain other lord. (fn. 18)
8 March, 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1381-2], John Botiller, servant of John Mortymer, "colier," of "Bromle," brought before the Mayor for selling coal in sacks that did not hold 8 bushels to the quarter. The coal confiscated and the sacks burned.
Folio cxxxviii b.
Pleas held in the Chamber of the Guildhall, London, before the Mayor and Aldermen, according to the custom of the City, 8 Jan., 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1381-2].
William Soys, "brouderer," attached to answer charges of having cheated divers persons at play by means of a falsely made chequer-board called "queek." The said William puts himself on the country. A jury of the venue, viz., Henry Hamond, Ralph Lubenham, Robert Pottone, "cordewaner," Robert Jolyf, "cordewaner," Stephen Verdyr, skinner, John Suttone, "sadelere," Robert Sampson, "sadeler," William Lidbery, William Aldewerk, "sadeler," William Dennyng, "sadeler," William Campioun, "cappere," and Henry Baret, being summoned, elected and tried with the assent of the parties, found the said William guilty, and he was thereupon adjudged to stand on the pillory. (fn. 19)
The same day Richard Scot, "hosyere," attached to answer a charge of having cheated John Thomson and William de Glendale of "Dounfriz," in Scotland, by false dice and "jonkerie." (fn. 20) The said Richard put himself on the country. A jury of the venue summoned, viz., John Boner, Thomas Frensshe, Peter atte Pole, John Suttone, Eustace Chaundeler, Richard Albon, Herman Coydale, Richard Garnowe, Richard de Cray, John Gerard, John Langhorn, and William Waltham, who found the said Richard guilty, and he was thereupon adjudged to stand on the pillory. (fn. 21)
The same day John Edward, otherwise called "longe Jacke," cordwainer, attached to answer a charge of having cheated William Wermestre, fuller, in Christmas week in the parish of St. Laurence Pounteneye, with false dice and "jonkerie." The said John put himself on the country. A jury of the venue summoned, viz., John Wyke, Bartholomew Neve, Peter Belde, Reginald atte Pole, William Romeseye, William Horewode, Thomas Westmore, John Campioun, John Higham, Henry Austyn, Henry Swyft, and Peter Speresholte, who found the said John to be a common "hasardour" and "jonkere," and he was thereupon adjudged to stand on the pillory.
Also that no one buy confections, powders, nor any other "aver du pois," (fn. 27) by any weight used for fine goods (par nul subtile pois (fn. 28)), but only by the weight of our lord the King, on pain of forfeiture of all confections, powders, and other "aver de poys" so sold. (fn. 29)
13 Feb., 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1381-2], ordinance by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Council, to the effect that all the records of assizes held before the Sheriffs shall be returned to the Chamber of the Guildhall, as well of those who have been Sheriffs as of those who in future shall be Sheriffs, so that all may know their right (droit).
Also it was ordained that common harlots and all women of bad character shall wear rayed hoods and use no manner of fur, either "perreie" or "revers," on pain of imprisonment and the forfeiture of the fur to the Sheriffs. (fn. 30)
Folio cxxxix b.
Be it remembered that a certain judgment entered on fo. lxi [b] is withdrawn and annulled temp. John Norhamptone, Mayor, the 13th February, 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1381-2], with the assent and consent of the said Mayor, William Cheyne, the Recorder, John Heylesdone, John Boseham, Adam Karlille, John Horn, John Chircheman, Walter Sibile, Robert Boxford, John Vyne, John Fresshe, Thomas Irlond, Thomas Cornwaleys, Thomas Welford, Roger Elys, John Ragenel, John Redynge, William Tonge, William Knyghtcote, and William Kyng, Aldermen, and the whole Common Council of the City, after good and diligent deliberation this day had, inasmuch as it was testified that the said William Essex, draper, John More and Richard Norbury, mercers, Robert Fraunceys, goldsmith, and John Willardby, "taillour," in that writing named are loyal and of good behaviour in all things towards the City, and not suspects as the writing on the aforesaid folio declares. And it was thereupon agreed that the aforesaid persons should exercise all their duties touching the City whensoever they should be elected and ordained thereto, the aforesaid judgment notwithstanding. (fn. 31)
3 March, 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1381-2], Walter Sibile and Robert Boxford, Aldermen, appointed by John Norhamptone and the Court to examine the will of Robert Richard, brewer, and learn what property he had left to his children. On the morrow, after consultation with Agnes, widow and executrix of the said Robert, and with John Longe, senior, cordwainer, and John Doversete, butcher, her co-executors, they reported that the sum of £140, a silver cup, and various debts had been left to his three children. Thereupon the said executors delivered up the money and the cup, and received orders to recover the debts.
Afterwards, viz., on the 16th June, 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1382], the guardianship of Robert and John, sons of the above Robert Richard, and the above property (Alice, the third child of the said Robert, being dead) was committed by the Mayor and Richard Odiham, the Chamberlain, to John Longe, senior, cordwainer, one moiety of the money to be delivered to the orphans on their coming of age and the other on their arriving at the age of twenty-four, according to the terms of their father's will. Sureties, viz., John Kestevene, mercer, Elias de Westone and John Dorsete, "bochers," William Thomer, tanner, and Nicholas Snypstone, cordwainer.
Afterwards, viz., on the 19th June, 14 Richard II. [A.D. 1391], came the above Nicholas Snypstone before Adam Bamme, the Mayor, and Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, and paid the sum of £70 to the orphan Robert, who had arrived at the age of twenty-four.
Afterwards, viz., on the 13th March, 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393- 1394], came John Clerk, vintner, late servant of the above Nicholas, and delivered to Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, the sum of £20 in part payment of the above sum (of £70), which sum of £20 was delivered on the 16th March to John Kestevene, mercer, to keep for the use of the said orphan until he arrive at the age of twenty-four. (fn. 32) Sureties, viz., Robert Chircheman, "stokfisshmongere," and Bartholomew Neve, "draper."
Election of Aldermen.
Douegate: John Norhamptone, the Mayor, elected Alderman
of the said Ward by good men of the same Ward.
Bridge: Sir William Walworth.
Bredestret: Sir Nicholas Brembre.
Cornhulle: Sir John Philipot.
Tower: John Hadle.
Bradestret: William Wodehous.
Queenhithe: William Neuport.
Faindone: John Rote.
Colemanstret: John Organ.
Bassyngeshawe: John Estone.
Castle Baynard: John Brian.
Alegate: John Kirtone.
Langebourne: Adam "Seint Ive."
Lymstret: Hervey Begge.
Ciepilgate: Thomas Karletone.
Cordewanerstret: John More.
Chepe: Simon Wynchecombe.
Vintry: William More.
Byllyngesgate: Nicholas Extone.
Bysshopesgate: William Bys.
Candelwykstret: John Walcote.
Aldrichesgate: Adam Bamme.
Walbroke: John Sely.
4 March, 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1381-2], ordinance made by the Mayor, Aldermen, and certain good Commoners for the preservation of the peace in the City, to the effect that all the good men of four or five of the best misteries should appear on the morrow and take an oath in manner prescribed, (fn. 33) and so on from day to day until all the good men of the City have taken the oath.
Folio cxl b.
Indenture of lease by John Norhamptone, the Mayor, and the whole Commonalty, to the Warden and College of chaplains founded in the chapel of the Blessed Virgin near the Guildhall by Adam Fraunceys, Henry Frowyk, and other late citizens (ceteri nuper concives), (fn. 34) of a certain house built upon the common soil of the City and given to the said College of chaplains by the executors of Simon Fraunceys (and hitherto held by the College at the will of the City) for a term of one hundred years, at an annual rent of a red rose at Midsummer. Dated 11 March, 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1381-2].