Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: H, 1375-1399. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1907.
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Folios cxli - cli.
Custodia Will'i et Joh'is pueror' Rog'i atte Mylne.
7 March, 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1381-2], the guardianship of William and John, sons of Roger atte Mylne, late vintner, together with their patrimony, committed by John Norhamptone, the Mayor, and Richard Odiham, the Chamberlain, to John Wakele, vintner, who married the mother (fn. 1) of the said orphans. Sureties, viz., Nicholas Rote and John Mockynge, vintners.
Afterwards, viz., on the 1st March, 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392-1393], the above son John having died, his portion was divided into three parts, and one part was given to his surviving brother William in addition to his own patrimony, he being now of age, according to the terms of the will (fn. 2) of his deceased father.
Adhuc de pueris Rob ti Richard.
10 May, 19 Richard II. [A.D. 1396], came John Clerk, vintner, late servant to Nicholas Snypstone, and paid to Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, another sum of £20, which was delivered in trust to John Kesteven, (fn. 3) mercer, on the 9th Sept., 20 Richard II. [A.D. 1396]. Sureties, viz., John Halle, grocer, and Ralph Rameseye, fishmonger.
Other and later payments to the Chamberlain for the same purpose by William Somercote and Johanna, wife of John Longe.
Folio cxli b.
Writ to the Sheriffs reciting the Statute of Winchester of A.D. 1285 [13 Edward I. Stat. 2], (fn. 4) and bidding them to cause it to be proclaimed and duly observed. Witness the King at Westminster, 3 March, 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1381-2].
Custodia Johanne et Isabelle filiar' Will'i Brykles.
27 March, 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1382], the guardianship of Johanna, daughter of William Brikles, together with a sum of £20, and a mazer with covercle bequeathed to her by Sabine, wife of Henry Yerdele, committed to John Southam, woolmonger, by John Norhamptone, the Mayor, and Richard Odiham, the Chamberlain. Surety, viz., John More, mercer.
Afterwards, the above John Southam having died, his executors and his surety ask to be discharged of the guardianship, &c. Thereupon it was agreed on the 25th Feb., 7 Richard II. [A.D. 1383-4], by Nicholas Brembre, Knt., the Mayor, William Cheyne, the Recorder, and Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, that they should be discharged on their finding another surety, and Simon Macchyng, "hostiller," John Staunton, "bruer," Robert Malteby and Roger Mark, "bladsmythes," undertook the duty.
On the same 25th Feb. came Nicholas Snypstone, cordwainer, and undertook to act as trustee for Isabella, another daughter of the above William Brikles. Surety, viz., William Wottone, merchant.
Afterwards, viz., on the 25th June, 11 Richard II. [A.D. 1387], the above John Staunton paid to the above Chamberlain a portion of the money due and had a day for the remainder.
Afterwards, viz., on the 16th Sept., 11 Richard II. [A.D. 1387], came the above Nicholas Snypstone and William Wottone and paid the Chamberlain the money due; and on the 21st Oct. the said John Staunton paid the remainder of his debt.
Folio cxlii b.
De avenis contra proclamacionem et precium maioris vendit.
26 March, 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1382], a certain hosteler [name omitted], a servant of John Pountfreit in Graschurche Stret, summoned for making an extortionate charge for oats to the servants of the Duke of "Tassyle," (fn. 5) and for using unsealed measures Upon being ordered to pay a fine he abused the Mayor, and was committed to prison, but was eventually released on finding surety for good behaviour. (fn. 6)
Compotus Henr' de Thame et Felicie ux'is ejus de custodia Alicie [an inseition] Margerie et Mariote duar' filiar' Joh'is Rameseye.
Account rendered by Henry de Tame and Felicia his wife, late wife of John Rameseye, before Adam Bamme, Alderman, Thomas Welford, Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, and John Reche, Common Pleader, auditors appointed by John Norhamptone, the Mayor, to hear their account touching the guardianship of Margery and Mariota, daughters of the said John Rameseye, the said Mariota having died under age, from the 26th March, 45 Edward III. [A.D. 1371], (fn. 7) to the 17th May, 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1382].
Pleas held in the Chamber of the Guildhall before the Mayor and Aldermen according to the custom of the City, Monday before the Feast of Annunciation B. M. [25 March], 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1381-2]:—
Judicium pilor' pro quadam 'ra false facta et fabricata.
John de Strattone, of county Norfolk, attached to answer a charge of forgery and of obtaining money under false pretences from John Croul of "Godmechestre." (fn. 8) Convicted and adjudged to stand on the pillory. (fn. 9)
Judicium pilor' pro mendac' fact super Maiorem.
The same day Stephen Scot, "maltman," charged with spreading a report that the Mayor had been committed to the Tower and imprisoned in a place called "Blakehalle." Convicted and adjudged to stand on the pillory. (fn. 10)
Judicium pilorii pro sortilegio facto pro uno marero furato.
26 March, 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1382], Henry Pot, "Duchysman," attached to answer a charge of using sorcery and falsely accusing Cristina, wife of Nicholas Freman, of having stolen a mazer cup belonging to Simon Gardiner. Convicted and adjudged to stand on the pillory. (fn. 11)
Bre pro Parliamento.
Writ for the election of four citizens to attend a Parliament to be held at Westminster on the morrow of St. John ante portam Latinam [6 May], the King being about to go to the war in person. Witness the King at Westminster, 24 March, 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1381-2]. (fn. 12)
Folio cxliii b.
L'ra de proclamacione Parliamenti.
Writ of Privy Seal to the Sheriffs to make public proclamation of the contents of the above writ and of the King's great necessity which compelled him to issue it. Dated at Westminster, 28 March, 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1382].
Judicium collisti pro fals' saccis carbonum.
29 April, 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1382], John Derk of Mymmes, co. Middlesex, adjudged the pillory for defective coal sacks.
6 May, the same year, Thomas Capoun of Northwelde, (fn. 13) co. Essex, similarly punished for the same thing.
Exoneracio Cam'arii de denar' pueror' Rob' li Berewyk.
2 May, 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1382], came Alice, Leticia, and Johanna, wife of Walter Sand, daughters of Robert Berewyk, before John Norhamptone, the Mayor, and the Chamberlain, being now of full age, and demanded certain sums of money which had been held for them in trust by John Hende, "draper," John Beneyt, "wolmongere," and Salamon Faunt, as appears supra, fo. 1, and the money was delivered to them.
The same day, divers sums were paid to William Culham, grocer, in trust for the above Alice his servant; and also to John Curteys of Peterburgh, in trust for the above Leticia, his wife's apprentice.
Afterwards, viz., on the 13th Feb., 6 Richard II. [A.D. 1382-3], came William Culham and paid the money he had received to Walter Beltone, who had married the above Alice; and on the 5th March, 7 Richard II. [A.D. 1383-4], the Chamberlain paid a sum of money to William Wadesworth, who had married the above Leticia.
Concessio pro quodam steyre faciend' apud finem de Granthamlane.
30 April, 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1382], a petition presented to the Common Council on behalf of those living at Douegate to be allowed to build a stair at the end of Granthamlane (fn. 14) down to the Thames, as being useful for obtaining water quickly when necessary and for voiding the channels of refuse. The petition granted.
Med de cs. lib'ar' Cam'ar' ad op' Cristina filie Joh'is Littelworth.
2 Feb., 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1381-2], William Chivele, "taillour," Thomas Botiller and John Gerard, "upholders," paid to Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, the sum of 100s. in trust for Cristina, daughter of John Littelworth, "upholdere," according to the terms of her father's will.
Afterwards, viz., on the 20th June, the same year, the above Cristina having died, the money was redelivered to the above executors to dispose of according to the will of the testator.
Proclam' q' d pistores Lond' jac' decetero panes de quadrante ad vend'.
Q'd quil't braciator vend' per mensuram de quadrante servisiam.
Ordinance by the Mayor and Aldermen that, in order to assist the poor, bakers shall make bread at a farthing the piece and brewers shall sell ale by a farthing measure (the Mayor and Aldermen deeming it equally necessary to the poor as in the case of bread). For this purpose they had caused a number of such measures to be made and sealed with the letter F as a sign of their being "ferlyng" measures. And, further, in order that brewers should have no excuse, the said Mayor and Aldermen had caused a number of farthings to be made at the Tower to the value of £80 sterling for distribution among them at the Mayor's discretion. A day appointed for the brewers to come to the Guildhall to fetch away the measures and the farthings, under penalty. No brewer to refuse thenceforth to sell on demand that amount of best ale or fail to give change for a halfpenny.
Q'd nullus offerret plus quam j qa in vigil' mortuor'.
Also, forasmuch as "ferlinges" [had been refused] heretofore by parsons of churches in the City for the purpose of putting a stop to the currency of such small money (acause de cesser le cours du tiel petite monoie (fn. 15) ) and also in order to make people offer more than a farthing, it is ordained by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Council that thenceforth no one shall offer at vigils of the dead or like case more than one farthing a mass, and if he fail to obtain change for a halfpenny he shall leave without making any offering.
Quod nullus det ad baptismum pucr' plus quam xld. et ad maritag' mulier' plus quam d'i marc'.
Also, forasmuch as men of great estate had given large sums on the occasion of the baptism and marriage of their children, and others of less estate had followed their example to their own impoverishment, it is ordained that no one of the City shall give at the baptism of any child more than 40d., under penalty of 20s. to the Chamber, or at a marriage of any one not being his own son or daughter, brother or sister or next of kin, more than half a mark, under penalty of 40s. to the Chamber. (fn. 16)
Ordinacio vicor' mund' et pena inde.
Also [it is ordained] that the streets and lanes of the City be kept free of filth and rubbish, and that no one cast water out of windows, but bring it down to the ground, and place it in the channels, under penalties prescribed.
Folio cxliv b.
10 May, 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1382], a proclamation made to the effect that no huckster shall thenceforth buy ale for retail; that no ale be sold by retail out of a hostel unless brewed within that hostel; that a hosteler who does not brew in his hostel and yet sells ale without his hostel by retail shall forfeit the value of the ale and the vessel in which it is drawn, unless it be to strange hosts within his hostel; that a hosteler make a specific charge for hay and oats, that all bakers, brewers, hostelers, and hucksters come to the Guildhall by Thursday next to receive as many "ferlinges" as they may need, so that they shall have no excuse in that respect; and that carpenters, masons, tilers, and others shall take the wages prescribed.
20 May, 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1382], precept to the Aldermen that they see ordinances to the above effect and others duly observed.
Judicium Rogeri Clerk qui finxit se esse medic'.
Pleas held in the Chamber before the Mayor and Aldermen according to the custom of the City the 14th May. 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1382]: Roger Clerk (fn. 17) de Wandelesworth attached to answer a charge of having pretended to be expert in medicine, and of having given to Roger atte Hacche an old scroll (cedulam) cut or torn across (eridicatam extransverso) from a leaf (fn. 18) of a book and wrapt in a piece of cloth of gold as a cure for the illness of Johanna his wife. Convicted of being a charlatan, and ordered to stand on the pillory with the scroll and a whetstone round his neck, and a urinal (urinale) hung in front of him and on his back. (fn. 19)
Saturday the eve of Pentecost [25 May], 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1382], William Erche of Bishop Hatfeld (fn. 20) convicted before the Mayor and Aldermen of selling wood mixed with coal and using deficient sacks. Condemned to stand on the pillory, the sacks to be burnt and the coal confiscated to the use of the Sheriffs.
Judicium collistr' pro pisce voc' cong' corrupt'.
28 May, 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1382], John Welburgham, a cook of Bredstret, charged before the Mayor, the Sheriffs, and William Neuport, William Wodehous, Adam St. Ive, John Estone, John Organ, John More, John Kyrtone, John Sely, Nicholas Extone, John Walcote, John Brian, William Bys, Adam Bamme, and Thomas Carletone, Aldermen, with having sold a piece of "conger," unfit for food, to Thomas Boxhulle, John Taverner, John Wayfer, Richard Merymouth, and John Turner of co. Somerset The accused declared himself ready to prove that the fish was good, in any way the Court thought proper. Thereupon twelve good men, neighbours of the accused, were summoned and sworn to examine the matter, viz., John Jordon, John Bere, John Pursere, William Trumpyngtone, Michael Hakeneye, Richard Wayte, Richard Spenser, John Wansy (Wausy?), Alexander Sayvylle, William Sewale, William Dawe, and Alexander Davy. The fish found to be bad and John Welburgham ordered to return the money paid for it, and to stand on the pillory whilst the fish was to be burnt under him.
Delib'acio cujusd' "portos" David Berteville.
10 June, 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1382], came Henry Bever, parson of the church of St. Peter de Bradstret, (fn. 22) executor of Hugh Tracy, a chaplain, before the Mayor and Aldermen, and brought a book called "portehors," (fn. 23) which the said Hugh had bequeathed for the use of clerks and priests imprisoned in Neugate, which book was delivered to David Berteville, the Keeper of the Gaol, to be used for that purpose. (fn. 24)
Folio cxlv b.
Recepcio denarior' pueror' Ric'i Forster.
13 Feb., 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1381-2], came William Straustone and paid the sum of £34 to Richard Odiham, the Chamberlain of the City, which money belonged to Elizabeth, Johanna, and Margaret, children (pueris) of Richard Forster, "wolmongere"; and on the following 24th May came William Rule, draper, and William Spaldyng, draper, sureties of Hugh Curteis, one of the executors of the said Richard, and paid other sums due to the said orphans.
Afterwards, the above Johanna having died, came Emma, widow and executrix of the said Richard, and demanded a moiety of the deceased's property to be expended for the good of the soul of the said Richard, according to the terms of his will. A similar demand was made later by the said Emma in respect of the property of the above Margaret, who had also died under age.
Afterwards, viz., on the 14th Dec., 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385], the guardianship of the above Elizabeth was committed by Nicholas Brembre, the Mayor, and Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, to John Munstede, draper, who had married the above Emma. Sureties, viz., Thomas atte Haye, goldsmith, and John Glemesford, draper.
Afterwards, viz., on the 2nd Oct., 11 Richard II. [A.D. 1387], came the above John Munstede before Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the Chamberlain aforesaid, and asked permission to place the above Elizabeth as an apprentice with John Appelby and Johanna his wife, to be taught the art of a "thredwomman." Petition granted.
Afterwards, viz., on the 20th July, 4 Henry IV. [A.D. 1403], came John Bramstone, draper, who had married the above Elizabeth, and acknowledged satisfaction for her property. At the same time John Munstede was fined 100s. by John Walcote, the Mayor, and Aldermen for letting Elizabeth marry without their consent being first obtained. The fine reduced to 20s.
Recepcio denarior' Will'i jilii Egidii Van Avenel.
7 June, 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1382], came "Ras" Holbrok, who had recently married Katherine, widow of Giles van Avenel, now deceased, and paid a sum of money to Richard Odiham, the Chamberlain, in trust for William, son of the said Giles.
15 March, 8 Richard II. [A.D. 1384-5], came Henry Derby, and paid the Chamberlain £8 for the same purpose.
Afterwards, viz., on 8th Aug., 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1388], the above sums were delivered to the said orphan with the assent of Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, and William Cheyne, the Recorder; the Court (of Aldermen) and the Chamberlain being indemnified by William Goudhewe, "coraiour," and Robert Wylle, goldsmith.
Recepciodenar' pueror' Joh'is Ratford, glovere.
9 June, 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1382], came William Piltone, one of the executors of John Ratford, "glovere," before the Mayor and Aldermen, and paid to Richard Odiham, the Chamberlain, the sum of £46 belonging to John, William, Thomas, and Walter, sons of John Ratford, being the proceeds of a sale of five shops in the parish of St. Alban de Wodestret.
Afterwards, viz., on the 26th Jan., 6 Richard II. [A.D. 1382-3], it was agreed by John Norhamptone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, that Cristiana Cornewaille, the late tenant of the said shops, should have 50s. for repairs, and that Ralph Dale, "taillour," should have half a mark for divers costs incurred on behalf of the above William, who was his apprentice.
Afterwards, viz., on the 26th Sept., 7 Richard II. [A.D. 1383], inasmuch as John, another of the above orphans, had been apprenticed to John Cornwaille, "glovere," and his master had died whilst a term of four years' apprenticeship yet remained, and Cristiana, widow of his said master, was not engaged in any art wherein to instruct the said apprentice, it was agreed that the sum of 40s. should be paid to her for the remainder of the term, and a further sum was allowed the apprentice to enable him to set up a shop.
Afterwards, viz., on the 18th Dec., 7 Richard II. [A.D. 1383], came the aforesaid orphan, his brothers Thomas and Walter being dead, and asked for the rest of his patrimony. Whereupon order was given to William Fitz Pieres, the Serjeant, to cause good men who resided on London Bridge, where lived the said John, and who were conversant with him, to come the following day and report as to his character and ability to manage his own affairs. Thereupon came Laurence Shrouesbury, Abraham Seyntfoy, Robert Cok, John Govaire, and John Salesbury, who reported favourably, and the money was delivered to the petitioner.
Folio cxlvi b.
Afterwards, viz., on the 18th Feb., 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1388-9], came the above William, one of the orphans aforesaid, being of full age, before Nicholas Twyford, Knt., the Mayor, and Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, and asked that the sum of 100s. in the hands of the Chamberlain might be given him. His petition granted; and on the 12th Jan., 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1391-2], a further sum of £16 8s. 4d. was given to him by Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain.
Pena cujus dam Aldr'i quia cloca sua fuit singula.
Whereas it had been ordained that all the Aldermen should be arrayed on the Feast of Pentecost [15 May], 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1382], in cloaks of green lined with green "taftata" or "tartaryn" under a penalty to be fixed by the Mayor and Aldermen, (fn. 25) and whereas on Monday in the same Feast, when the Mayor and Aldermen went to the church of St. Peter on Cornhulle to proceed thence through the City to St. Paul's according to ancient custom, John Sely, Alderman of Walbrok, appeared in a cloak without a lining, contrary to the said ordinance—it was thereupon agreed that the Mayor and Aldermen should dine with the said John at his house and at his proper charges on the following Thursday, and further that the said John should line his cloak as aforesaid, &c. (fn. 26)
Recepcio denar' pueror' Joh'is Devenyssh.
6 June, 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1382], came Michael de Ravendale, Robert de Muskham, and Thomas de Middeltone, clerks, before John Norhamptone, the Mayor, and Richard Odiham, the Chamberlain, and paid the sum of 80 marks for the use of John and Bartholomew, sons of John Devenyssh, late skinner.
Afterwards, viz., on the 9th Nov., 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1391], came John, one of the aforesaid orphans, before John Hende, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and claimed his share of the money as being of full age, and it was delivered to him. And on the 19th July, 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393], came the above Bartholomew before William Staundone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and claimed his share. And because he was about to go abroad he appointed Baldewyn Tytesbury, mercer, his attorney to receive the money. On the 26th June, 18 Richard II. [A.D. 1394], the said Bartholomew came and acknowledged satisfaction.
Folio cxlvi b.
La peyne contre putours, baudes, prestres et advoutours.
Ordinances made by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Council for the punishment of bawds, harlots, unchaste priests, and the like. [No date. (fn. 27) ]
[Folio cxlvii blank.]
Folio cxlvii b.
20 Sept., 3 Henry IV [A.D. 1402], came John Kesteven and John Halle and paid to the Chamberlain the sum of £40 in trust for John, the orphan child of Robert Richard, (fn. 28) which sum, together with another sum of £30, was afterwards delivered to Richard Roos, mercer, in trust for the said John, who was now of full age and apprenticed to Robert Shirwynd, mercer, to be delivered to the said John at the end of his apprenticeship Afterwards, viz., in May, 6 Henry IV. [A.D. 1405], the whole of the money was paid through John Profit, the Chamberlain, to the orphan, and acquittance was granted.
Folio cxlvii-cxlix b.
Letters patent under the Great Seal to the Sheriffs of London reciting the Statute of Westminster, 5 Ric II. Stat 1, enacted in the Parliament which met on the 3rd Nov., 1381, and bidding them to make public proclamation of the same. Dated at Westminster, 17 May, 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1382]. (fn. 29)
Folio cxlix b-cl.
Letters patent to the Sheriffs of London and Middlesex reciting certain ordinances made in the Parliament held at Westminster the morrow of St. John ante portam Latinam [6 May] last past, and bidding them make proclamation of the same. Witness the King at Westminster, 26 May, 5 Richard II. [A.D. 1382]. (fn. 30)