Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: H, 1375-1399. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1907.
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1 Sept., 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386], John Salesbury, Keeper of the water of the Thames, brought before Sir Nicholas Brembre, the Mayor, John Hadle, John Boseham, John Orgon, John Rote, John Fresshe, Thomas Welford, and John Shadworth, Aldermen, a net belonging to Richard Weyn of Wolwyche, declaring it to be destructive of "fry." The net, being examined and found to be unlawful, was ordered to be burnt.
Precept to the Aldermen to see that the men of their several Wards be put in array according to their estate; that all weights and measures be of the proper assize; and that all victuals conform with the ordinances made concerning them. Dated 4 Sept., 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386].
Proclamation for all those of the City who had left the City to return to the same within twelve days after the Feast of the Nativity B. M. [8 Sept.] next ensuing, in view of an expected attack by the enemy, (fn. 1) and forbidding those remaining in the City to leave the same without permission. Dated 5 Sept., 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386].
Precept to the Aldermen to summon the householders of their several Wards and charge them to lay in a stock of provisions for three months. They are further to make a return by Sunday next of the names of the inhabitants of their Ward who were absent, and to prepare a "pynoun" (fn. 2) of their arms well arrayed as before ordained. Dated 13 Sept., 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386].
Friday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386], in the presence of Sir Nicholas Brembre, the Mayor, William Cheyne, the Recorder, John Hadle, John Organ, John Chircheman, Nicholas Extone, Robert Warbultone, John Shadworthe, Thomas Welford, Henry Vannere, John Hende, John Fraunceis, William Staundone, Richard Prestone, William Olyver, John Estone, Adam St. Ive, and John Rote, Aldermen, and very many Commoners summoned for the election of Sheriffs at the Guildhall—William More was elected Sheriff by the Mayor and William Staundone by the Commonalty for the year ensuing.
Afterwards, on Friday the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], the said Sheriffs were sworn at the Guildhall, and on Monday after the said Feast (and not on the morrow of the said Feast, the morrow being Sunday) were presented before the Barons of the Exchequer.
Writ to the Sheriffs for the election of four citizens to attend a Parliament to be held at Westminster on the 1st October (fn. 3) next No Sheriff to be returned. Witness the King at Oseneye, 8 Aug., 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386].
Friday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386], John Shadworth, and Thomas Welford, Aldermen, and William Tonge, John Burwelle, John Loveye, and Henry Herbury, Commoners, elected auditors of the accounts of the Chamberlain and the Wardens of London Bridge.
24 Sept., 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386], the following entered into a bond in the sum of £10 with Richard Odyham, pepperer, in the presence of the Mayor, the Aldermen, the Recorder, and the Common Council, for replacing in the chest of John Biernes, (fn. 4) late mercer, lying in the Chamber of the Guildhall, the sum of £500 (fn. 5) borrowed from the funds deposited in the said chest, in order to safeguard the City, by Michaelmas, 1387, the money to be raised out of the issues of murage or in some other way, viz.:
Nicholas Brembre, Knt., John Hadle, Robert Warbeltone, John Shadworth, Hugh Fastolf, John Chircheman, William Staundone, Roger Elys, Richard Prestone, Henry Vannere, Nicholas Extone, John Fresshe, Thomas Wilford, William More, John Hende, William Olyver, John Rote, Adam de St. Ive, John Organ, John Estone, John Fraunceys, John Boseham, William Venour (Aldermen), William Shiryngham, Henry Bamme, Thomas Rolf, Henry Herbury, William Tonge, Geoffry Crymelford, William Anecroft, Richard Whityngtone, Geoffrey Walderne, John Mokkynge, John Loveye, William Badby, John Sely, William Spaldynge, John Burwelle, John Ragenel, Thomas Austyn, John Bronnesbury, Nicholas Snypstone, Adam Karlille, Thomas Reynham, Geoffrey Grigge, John Furneux, John Sibyle, John Pountfreyt, John Bathe, John Tilneye.
Grant by Nicholas Brembre, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Commonalty to Ralph Strode, late Common Pleader of the City, of an annuity of four marks during his life in compensation for the loss of the mansion house over Aldrichesgate granted to him under the Common Seal by Nicholas Brembre (during a former Mayoralty), the Aldermen, and Commonalty, and of which he had been unlawfully deprived during the Mayoralty of John Norhamptone. (fn. 6) Dated 4 May, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1386].
Indenture between Nicholas Brembre, Knt., Mayor, the Aldermen, and the whole Commonalty on the one part, and Ralph Strode, citizen of London, on the other part, whereby the said Ralph is retained as standing counsel for the City for a term of seven years, receiving annually 20 marks and the same livery as the Chamberlain and the Common Pleader. The said Ralph may not plead against any freeman of the City during that term, except in a cause affecting the City or some mistery of the Commonalty, or the orphans (fn. 7) of the City or himself, and after that term his services may be determined by a year's notice on either side. Dated 23 May, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1386].
Grant by Nicholas Brembre, Knt., the Mayor, and the Commonalty to John Fekynham of an annual rent of 60s., with power of distress in case of default, on a wharf held by William Anecroft and Alice his wife in the parish of St. Botolph, Billyngesgate, and a brewhouse lately held by John Sterlyng, brewer, near the church of St. Laurence Pulteneye. Dated in the Chamber of the Guildhall, 6 Oct., 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386].
Grant by the same to John Starlyng, Serjeant, of houses, &c., appertaining to the gate called "la posterne," near the Tower, together with the custody of the said gate; to hold the same for life, on condition that he keep the same in repair, and that the Mayor and Commonalty resume possession in case of need for safeguarding the City. Dated 4 May, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1386].
Proclamation regulating (inter alia) the sale of hay, oats, ale, poultry, &c., and forbidding armourers, bowyers, flecchers, and horsedealers (corsouis) to sell arms, bows and arrows, and horses at an enhanced price owing to the present expedition.
The Aldermen to see that these orders are duly observed in their several Wards. [No date (fn. 8) ].
Ordinance forbidding any stranger or foreigner to carry sword, baselard, dagger, "hache," or other arm, unless he be an esquire of a lord or a knight's valet, who may carry his lord's or master's sword in their presence.
Folio cciv b.
Letter of William [Courtenay], Archbishop of Canterbury, desiring all Mayors and other officers of cities and boroughs to allow his tenants at "Hargh," (fn. 9) "Hese," (fn. 10) Trynge, (fn. 11) and Rusburghe (fn. 12) to pass free of toll, &c. Dated at his manor of Lamhithe, 17 Oct., A D 1386.
Proclamation forbidding any one to attend the election of a Mayor except the Mayor, Aldermen, and good folk that had been summoned, (fn. 13) and also forbidding assemblies that may lead to a breach of the peace.
Saturday the Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], in the presence of Nicholas Brembre, the Mayor, John Hadle, William Staundone, Robert Warbultone, John Hende, John Rote, Hugh Fastolf, Richard Prestone, Adam St. Ive, John Fraunceis, Thomas Welford, Roger Elys, William More, Nicholas Extone, John Fresshe, John Organ, John Chircheman, Henry Vannere, John Shadworth, William Venour, John Estone, William Olyver, Aldermen, and the aforesaid William Staundone and William More, the Sheriffs, and an immense Commonalty summoned for the election of a Mayor for the year ensuing—Nicholas Extone (fn. 14) was elected.
Grant by Nicholas Brembre, Knt., the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Commonalty to Richard Forster of the mansion over Algate for life, on condition that he keep the gate in repair, and that possession be resumed in case of need for safeguarding the City Dated in the Chamber of the Guildhall, 5 Oct., 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386].
Acquittance by Nicholas Brembre, Knt., the Mayor, Aldermen, and the rest of the citizens, to Richard Odyham, grocer (grossarius (fn. 15) ), the Chamberlain, on his account for one year from Michaelmas, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385]. Dated in the Chamber of the Guildhall, the morrow of the Feast of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386].
Resolution of a Common Council held on Thursday next after the Feast of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386], to the effect that thenceforth no grants should be made of the City gates nor of mansions over the gates, nor of the gardens or vacant places adjoining the City's walls, gates, or ditches, but that the same shall remain in the hands of the City. (fn. 16)
Be it remembered that on Thursday before the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386], in a congregation of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Council of the City assembled in the Chamber of the Common Council in the Guildhall, it was agreed by common assent that the sums of money disbursed by Nicholas Brembre during his Mayoralty for the benefit of the City and allowed by the auditors should be repaid out of the first money that came into the hand of Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, and his successors, and that this order shall stand without any repeal or contradiction in time to come.
Folio ccv b.
9 Nov., 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386], the guardianship of John and Edward, sons of John Maryns, (fn. 17) late apothecary, committed by Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, and Richard Odiham, the Chamberlain, to Ralph Parles and Mary his wife, mother of the said orphans. Sureties, viz., John Furneaux, "draper," John Edmund, and Henry Markeby, goldsmith.
Masters of Misteries sworn.
Kardemakers (fn. 18) and Wyrdrawers: William Wyrhale and John Stonle sworn the 4th April, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1386], to govern their misteries, and present defects to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Chamberlain, &c.
Folio ccvi b.
Grant by Nicholas Brembre, Knt., the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty to John Charneye and John Botkysham of the mansion, and also the custody, of the free prison (fn. 19) and gate of Ludgate for their lives without any payment of rent, &c., but subject to certain reservations. Possession to be resumed by the grantors if any attempt at extortion be proved against the grantees. Dated 11 July, 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386].
Sunday before the Feast of St. Edmund the King [20 Nov.], 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386], Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, sent Richard Jargeville, a City Serjeant, to summon Richard Reed to appear before him on the following day, but the said Richard came not. On the following Wednesday the Mayor caused him to be again summoned for the next day, but the Serjeant could not find him and left word with his wife. The said Richard again failing to appear, the Mayor sent a third time, but he flatly refused to come and used abusive words to the Serjeant. Thereupon the Mayor ordered his arrest, and he was taken by force and lodged in the compter of William More, one of the Sheriffs. Being brought to trial, he acknowledged his misconduct, and was thereupon committed to Neugate for one year from Tuesday after the Feast of St. Katherine [25 Nov.], 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386], and ordered to lose the franchise unless greater favour be shown.
Precept to the Aldermen to cause an armed watch to be kept in their several Wards at Christmas, and to make a return of the number and names of brewers and breweresses to the Mayor's Court (a nostre court) to be held on Monday next after the Feast of Epiphany [6 Jan.]. (fn. 20)
Proclamation to be made against the wearing of masks and playing with dice; against walking the streets after a certain hour without a light; against brewers and victuallers enhancing the price of ale; against officers of the City practising extortion, &c.
28 Jan., 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386-7], the sum of 40s. bequeathed by William Aubrey, "quyltemakere," to John his son, (fn. 21) is delivered to the said son, being now of full age, by order of Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, and William Cheyne, the Recorder.
Folio ccvii b.
Letters patent touching a loan of £4,000 made by the Mayor and Commonalty to the King, of which the sum of £316 had been paid to John [Fordham], Bishop of Durham and late Treasurer, and the residue to John [Gilbert], the present Tieasurer The King, with the assent of his Council, covenants to repay the loan by Michaelmas, viz., £2,000 at Candlemas next [2 Feb.] out of the money paid by the City and the counties of Middlesex, Kent, and Essex for the moiety of the tenth and fifteenth granted by the last Parliament, (fn. 22) and the residue to be repaid out of the subsidy on wool in the Port of London from Easter next A royal ciown to remain in the hands of the Mayor and Commonalty by way of further security for repayment of the loan. Dated at Westminster, 29 Nov., 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386].
Writ of Privy Seal to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commons for the delivery of the royal crown, mentioned supra, to the King's Treasurer and Chamberlains of his Exchequer, together with indentures and letters patent touching the above loan, as the loan had been repaid. Dated at Westminster, 25 Oct., 11 Richard II. [A.D. 1387].
Acknowledgment by John Hermesthorp, one of the Chamberlains of the King's Exchequer, of having received the above royal crown by the hands of Richard Odyham, the City Chamberlain. Dated 30 Oct., 11 Richard II. [A.D. 1387].
Folio ccviii b.
Writ to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Sheriffs to bring up the record of proceedings of a suit between John de Brenchele and Simon Stacy in the Court of the Chamber at the Guildhall—when Simon Wynchecombe, a former Sheriff, received an indemnity trom Thomas Boton', "baker," for permitting the said Simon to escape from his compter (fn. 23) on pretence of a writ addressed to the Sheriffs—in order that the matter may be determined in error by Robert Bealknape, David Hannemere, and William Burgh, the King's Justices, sitting at St. Martin le Grand. Witness the King at Westminster, 23 May, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1386].
Precept by the above Justices to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Sheriffs (as well as the former Sheriffs) to attend, with record of proceedings and all parties concerned in the above proceedings, at the church of St. Martin le Grand, on Tuesday after the quinzaine of St. Michael next, before the said Justices sitting in error. Dated at Westminster, 6 July, 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386].
Return made to the above in common form. (fn. 24)
The return repeated, with note appended to the effect that it was made in a suit between John Body and Johanna his wife and Alice, late wife of John Coterelle, anno 11 Richard II., temp. Nicholas Extone, Mayor. (fn. 25)
Saturday before the Feast of our Lord's Nativity [25 Dec.], 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386], Thomas Stokes condemned to the pillory for pretending to be the King's officer and taker of his ale (captor cervisie), and marking with a mark called "arewehede" several barrels of ale in the houses of John "al Cok on the hope" near the Crutched Friars, William Roke at Graschirche, John atte Blakeloft in the Vintry, and other brewers. (fn. 26)
Folio ccix b.
24 Jan., 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386-7], the guardianship of William, son of Adam Haket, (fn. 27) late "bowyere," aged nine years, together with the sum of £252 17s. 11d, being one-third of the residue of his father's goods and chattels, committed by Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, and Richard Odiham, the Chamberlain, to William Wodehous, skinner, the grandfather of the orphan, and Roger Shirreve, chaplain, executor of the aforesaid Adam. Sureties, viz., Adam de St. Yve, Adam Carlille, grocer, Roger Payn, sporier, and Richard Pulle, cutler.
24 Jan., 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386-7], the guardianship of William, son of Thomas Codham, "founder," committed by the same to Alice, mother of the said orphan Sureties, viz., William Wodeward, "foundour," and William Patenham, "girdeler."
Folio ccx ccx b.
Pleas held in the Chamber of the Guildhall, according to the custom of the City, before Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, Nicholas Brembre, Knt., John Hadle, William Cheyne, the Recorder, John Bosham, Robert Warbultone, John Hende, John Chircheman, Henry Vanner, John Shadeworth, John Organ, William Venour, William Olyver, John Franceys, John Estone, Richard Prestone, Adam de St. Yve, Thomas Wilford, Roger Elys [Aldermen], William More and William Staundone, Aldermen and Sheriffs, on Wednesday after the Feast of St. Hillary [13 Jan.], 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386-7]—when William Hughlot was charged with having assaulted John Rote, an Alderman, abused Nicholas Extone, the Mayor (saying that perhaps in years to come he would find all his lords and friends forsaking him), and with having declared that the Court of the Guildhall of London was the worst in the kingdom.
On the following Friday he was sentenced to lose his right hand for his assault on the Alderman, but at the request of the Alderman this sentence was remitted; for his striking John Wilman, a constable who came to the Alderman's rescue, he was sentenced to imprisonment for a year and a day; and for his abuse of the Mayor and the Court of the Lord the King in the City, redounding to the contempt of the King's governors, (fn. 28) his officers and Courts in the City, he was condemned to the pillory with a whetstone hung from his neck.
This sentence was afterwards remitted on his finding sureties for keeping the peace and presenting a wax candle weighing three pounds to the Church of St. Dunstan, West, in which parish the assaults had taken place.