Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: H, 1375-1399. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1907.
This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.
16 July, 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393], the following ordinances of the Mistery of Lorymers (fn. 1) submitted to the Mayor and Aldermen and approved, viz. :—
That no one forge "loremerie" by night; that no one renovate "loremerie" for sale, but only such "loremerie" as is required to be repaired for private use; that no one of the mistery entice an apprentice or other servant away from his master, under penalty of paying for each offence half a mark to the Chamber and 40 pence to the mistery; that all those who are of the mistery be under the rule of two good men elected by the mistery to survey work; that no stranger work in the said mistery within the franchise of the City before he be examined as fit by the good men of the mistery, and be received by the Mayor and Aldermen according to the custom of the City and find sufficient sureties.
Folio cclxxxii b.
Masters of Misteries sworn.
8 July, 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393], an inquisition held before Roger Elys, Alderman of the Ward of Aldrichesgate, by order of William "de" Staundone, Mayor, and the King's Escheator in the City, touching the liberty of the City. The jurors, viz., Thomas Tye, Thomas Dancastre, Robert Byngfeld, William Brokesby, John Bontyng, Geoffrey Capeleyn, Robert Beche, Walter Hopere, Richard Fraunceys, John Pynchebek, Richard Plumouth, John Canynge, John Bradmor, Richard Schranelee, Ralph Sawyer, John Donemowe, William Pynchebek, fishmongers, Richard Geynesburgh, John Em, John atte Nasshe, Thomas Deyroun, Richard Notyngham, John Davy, and Robert Thursby, say on oath that the garden formerly belonging to William de Ufford, Earl of Suffolk, in Gosewellestrete without Aldrichesgate, lies within the liberty of the City, and that the liberty extends as far as a post which is stuck in the ground at the corner of the house of Sir John Syfrnast, which formerly belonged to Adam Stable, and that the tenants residing there should be taxed and tallaged by the Aldermen and Commons of the Ward of Aldrichesgate.
20 March, 5 Henry IV. [A.D. 1403-4], Thomas, the orphan son of John Clenhond, (fn. 2) was, with the consent of Idonia his mother, put as apprentice to William Walderne, mercer, for a term of ten years. Sureties, viz.: Edmund Man and John Elys, mercers.
Writ to William Staundone, the Mayor, to admit Robert Newentone to act as deputy to John Slegh, the King's Chief Butler and Coroner of the City, during the absence of John de Scardeburgh, the deputy-coroner. Witness the King at Westminster, 13 July, 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393].
20 Aug., 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393], came Angelus Christofre, who married Margery, widow of Helming Leget, esquire, and bound himself to pay the sum of 100 marks to Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, to the use of Johanna, daughter of the said Helming, on her marriage according to the terms of her father's will. Surety, viz.: Henry Vannere, Alderman.
Afterwards, viz., on the 18th Sept., 18 Richard II. [A.D. 1394], by order of John Hadlee, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, the money was delivered to William Dannvers, esquire, of co. Berks, who had married the said Johanna.
Folio cclxxxiii b.
4 Sept., 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393], came Thomas Somerset, the Mayor, and burgesses of Oxford before William Staundone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen of London and prayed that the charter of their town enrolled in the Chamber (fn. 3) in the book marked with the letter E, fo. cciv, and confirmed by the present King, might be allowed. Thereupon the said Mayor and Aldermen having examined previous allowances made to the said burgesses, as appears in the same book on fo. ccxi, (fn. 4) granted the allowance of their charter as in times past.
Acquittance by William Staundone, the Mayor, under the mayoralty seal, to Simon Claband, son of Collard Claband, late Provost of the Merchants of Amiens, for the sum of 25 marks of the annual sum of 50 marks due to the Mayor of London for the time being from the merchants of Amiens, Corbie, and Neele. (fn. 5) Dated 4 Sept., A.D. 1393.
Sunday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393], in the presence of William Staundone, the Mayor, Adam Bamme, William Venour, William More, Henry Vannere, John Fraunceys, Adam Karlille, John Walcote, William Shiryngham, Roger Elys, William Bramptone, William Evote, William Parker, Thomas Knolles, John Cosyn, Aldermen, and Gilbert Maghfeld, one of the Sheriffs and Alderman, and very many Commoners summoned from every Ward for the election of Sheriffs—the said Mayor elected Richard Whytyngdone, Alderman, and the Commonalty elected Drew Barentyn, Commoner, to be Sheriffs for the year ensuing. (fn. 6)
In the same congregation there were elected as auditors of the accounts of the Chamberlain and Wardens of London Bridge the following, viz., William Evote and Thomas Knolles, Aldermen, by the Mayor and Aldermen; and Robert Parys, Geoffrey Broke, John Frankeleyn, and John Forster, Commoners, by the Commonalty.
22 Feb., 11 Henry IV. [A.D. 1409-10], came Thomas and William, sons of John Clenehond, before the Mayor and Alder men, being of full age, and asked that the sum of £87 13s. 4d. belonging to them, as appears supra, fo. cclxxix [b], might be delivered to them, to enable them to repair their tenements. Their request granted, notwithstanding their being still bound as apprentices to William Walderne and Thomas Knolles.
22 Aug., 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393], the guardianship of Thomas, son of John Pynchoun, late jeweller, together with the sum of £600, committed by William Staundone, the Mayor, and Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, with the assent of the Aldermen, to Walter Pynchoun, merchant. Sureties, viz., John Somer, John Muster, Bartholomew Neve, citizens and drapers, William "Fitz Hewe," goldsmith, and John Edmond.
Folio cclxxxiv b.
Saturday, 11 Oct., 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393], a petition presented by good men of the Mistery of Grocers before a congregation of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Council, in the Upper Chamber of the Guildhall, that certain ordinances might be approved, viz. :—
(1) That—seeing the deceit practised by merchant strangers in bringing to the City and selling in an uncleaned state divers merchandise of grocery that is sold by weight, to wit, pepper, ginger, cinnamon, &c.—no merchandise that ought to be garbled should in future be weighed or sold before it has been cleaned and garbled (garbelleez) by a man appointed for the purpose by the said Grocers, he taking a reasonable reward for his trouble, and that any one doing to the contrary shall forfeit to the Chamber the value of double the weight of powder and dirt that shall be found in the merchandise.
(2) That—seeing that a similar deceit is practised by merchant strangers in the sale of wax of Spain, of "Morysk," of "Polayne," and of "Lubike"—no such wax shall be sold in future before it has been cleaned and pollicied (fn. 7) (polliceez) by some one appointed for the purpose, under similar penalty.
(3) That—inasmuch as merchant strangers bringing canvas to the City refuse to sell it by any other measure than that of Flanders, whereby the purchasers incur much loss—in future canvas shall be measured by an official appointed for the purpose, and all canvas otherwise measured shall be forfeited to the Chamber of the City.
Letters patent appointing Walter Cloptone, Robert Charletone, John Cassy, John Hadlee, the Mayor, William Thirnyng, William Rykhille, and John Cokeyn, or any six, five, four, three, or two of them (the Mayor being one), to be Justices for gaoldelivery of Neugate Witness the King at Westminster, 31 Oct., 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393].
Acquittance under the Common Seal by William Staundone, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the rest of the citizens to Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain of the Guildhall, on his account for one year from Michaelmas, 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392] Dated 6 Oct., 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393].
Monday the Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393], in the Chamber of the Guildhall, in the presence of William Staundone, the Mayor, Adam Bamme, Adam Karlille, John Fresshe, John Walcote, Henry Vannere, John Shadworth, Gilbert Maghfeld, John Loveye, John Fraunceys, William Shiryngham, William Olyver, Roger Elys, William Parker, William Evot, Richard Whityngdone, Thomas Knolles, John Cosyn, William Bramptone, William Bramptone [sic], and Robert Excestre, Prior of Holy Trinity, London, Aldermen, and an immense Commonalty of every Ward, summoned for the election of a Mayor for the year ensuing, John Hadle was elected.
5 Nov., 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393], came Richard Forster and John Cosyn before the Mayor and Aldermen and acknowledged themselves severally indebted to John Oteley, mercer, executor of William Knyghtcote, (fn. 8) in the sum of £170 15s., to be paid on the Feast of St. Katherine [25 Nov.] next.
The above to be void if Johanna, widow of William Knyghtcote, recover at law against the above John Oteley her dower or reasonable part (fn. 9) of her late husband's goods, which had been bequeathed to Idonea, one of the daughters of the said William, and had come into the hands of the above Richard Forster, and if the said Richard Forster and John Cosyn indemnify the said John Oteley.
A general proclamation issued by the Mayor for the government of the City, the regulation of trade, fishing in the Thames, the price of poultry, &c. (fn. 10)
Fos cclxxxvi cclxxxvii.
Ordinances (fn. 11) touching Sheriffs' officers, procedure in Assize of Freshforce, fees payable to Serjeants, the right of a defendant in an action of debt to put the plaintiff on oath with his sole hand (ove sa soule mayn) as to the truth of his demand, (fn. 12) the duties of Pleaders, Attorneys, and Common Pleaders, the treatment of prisoners in Compters and the prisons of Ludgate and Newgate, &c.
A proclamation forbidding night-walkers in the City and relegating women of bad repute to the Stews on the Thames and Cokkeslane. (fn. 13)
Masters of Misteries sworn.
Folio cclxxxvii b.
Fishmongers: Hugh Leddrede, John Prophete, Matthew Langeregge, Thomas Trigge of Briggestret, John Vautort, Andrew Trigge, Roger Turk, Roger Poignaunt of Oldefishstrete, similarly sworn 20 Dec., 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393].
15 Aug., 18 Richard II. [A.D. 1394], John Godefray, "pynner," charged on the information of Thomas Horwode, William Langelee, Thomas atte Wode, and Richard Herlawe, Masters and Surveyors of the Hurers, with making and selling false "cappes" (fn. 14) The matter investigated—pursuant to the ordinances of the mistery enrolled in the Husting on Monday before the Feast of St. Margaret [20 July], 36 Edward III [A.D. 1362]—by a jury of twelve [sic] men, one-half being cappers and the other haberdashers who sold such "cappes," viz., Henry Offyngtone, Laurence Godchepe, John Lapford, Thomas Walsyngham, John atte Wode, Ralph Bristowe, John Lounge, John Bate, John Froweyn, "hureres"; John Wallok, Thomas Chirche, Walter Caustone, John Donne, John Goodburgh, John Bokel, John Reynold, and William atte Gate, haberdashers, and the caps found to be false. The same to be burnt in Chepe, and John Godefray to pay 20s. to the Chamberlain.
Letters patent appointing Drew Barentyn, Thomas Welford, Robert Dane, and Thomas Weyland to be commissioners to levy in the City a half-tenth and half-fifteenth granted in the last Parliament at Winchester. (fn. 15) Witness the King at Westminster, 1 Oct., 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393].
Folio cclxxxviii b.
Writ for the election of four citizens to attend a Parliament to be held at Westminster in the quinzaine of St. Hillary [13 Jan.] next. (fn. 16) No Sheriff to be returned Witness the King at Westminster, 13 Nov., 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393].
Precept to the Aldermen to hold their several Wardmotes and return such presentments as they were unable themselves to deal with to the Mayor's general court (a nostre generale court) to be held at the Guildhall on Monday after the Feast of Epiphany [6 Jan.], in order that redress may be made according to the nature of the case; also to elect good men to assess a sum equal to half a fifteenth and levy the same, and to set an armed watch at Christmas Dated 26 Nov. [A.D. 1393].
Mandamus to Thomas Welford, Robert Dane, and Thomas Weyland to admit John Prentys as a fellow-collector in the City of the half-tenth and half-fifteenth granted in the last Parliament at Winchester in place of Drew Barentyn, formerly nominated. Witness the King at Westminster, 12 Oct., 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393].
Afterwards, viz., on the 12th Oct., 4 Henry IV. [A.D. 1402], came the Lady Emma "Seintomers" (St. Omer), Prioress of the said house, and received the orphan's property from Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain. (fn. 17)
13 Jan., 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393-4], the guardianship of Agnes, daughter of William Wallere, vintner, together with her patrimony, committed to Matilda her mother, late wife of the said William. Sureties, viz., Thomas Pantone and William Grantham, citizens and goldsmiths.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to make proclamation against carrying arms in the City, inasmuch as the King's peace had recently been disturbed in the City by armed bands. Witness the King at Westminster, 18 Dec., 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393].
Folio clxxxix b.
21 Jan., 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393-4], William Bys discharged by the Mayor and Aldermen from serving on juries, watches, &c., owing to increasing age, but he must find a substitute to take his place in the watches of the City and of his Ward.
Writ to Thomas Welford, Robert Dane, and Thomas Weyland to admit William Sudbury as a fellow-collector of the half-tenth and half-fifteenth granted in the last Parliament at Winchester, in place of John Prentys recently appointed Witness the King at Westminster, 11 Jan., 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393-4].
28 Jan., 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393-4], the guardianship of Thomas, son of John Oxwyk, late pepperer, together with his money and the money of his sister Petronilla (apprenticed to Thomas Lucas, mercer, and Margery his wife), which was bequeathed to them by Richard Donyngtone, draper, who married their mother—committed to John Donyngtone, draper. Sureties, viz., John Bures, clerk, and John Kestevene, mercer.
Afterwards, viz., on the 9th Nov., 3 Henry IV. [A.D. 1401], came John Donyngtone before John Walcote and John Warner, Aldermen, and John Otteley and John Lane, Commoners, appointed by John Shadworth, the Mayor, and the Aldermen to be auditors, and rendered account; and on the 15th Nov. the above Petronilla, being fifteen years of age, received her money, according to the terms of the will of the above Richard Donyngtone.
15 Dec., 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393], petition presented to John Hadlee, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, by Angel Cyba, Reginaud Grille, Thobye Lomellyn, Emanuel Zakarie, Frank Vynald, Brank Dorry, Dominik (?) de Mar, Edward Segal, Angel Christofre, Nicholas Luke, Jaket Dyne, Hugelyn Gerard, Stephen Marruffy, Lowys Angwill, Lowys del Port, and other Genoese, Florentine, Lucchese, and Lombard merchants [not named] in the City of London, praying that if their spicery (specerie) was to be garbled, the same might be done in respect of all merchants equally, and that the garbler be not an interested party either as buyer or seller. They further pray that the vendor and purchaser may be allowed to come to terms with respect to garbling, so that four, five, or six bales of spicery may be garbled and "tare" be allowed on the rest, as was always done by wool-merchants.
Thereupon it was ordained by the Mayor and Aldermen, with the assent of the merchants aforesaid, that if any merchant, denizen or foreigner, should thereafter sell or cause to be weighed any pepper, ginger, cinnamon, or other merchandise that ought to be garbled, before it has been cleaned and garbled by the garbler appointed for the purpose, he shall forfeit of pure and cleaned merchandise to the Chamber double the weight of the powder and dirt found in it, provided the garbler bring such powder and dirt to the said Chamber to prevent it being mixed with similar merchandise. It was further ordained that thenceforth no arrangement should be allowed as to "tare" of any merchandise subject to garbling between vendor and purchaser otherwise than before ordained; that as to the pollicing (la polliceure) and cleaning of wax, it should be carried out as suggested to William Staundone, the late Mayor, (fn. 18) and that canvas should be measured by English measure and not otherwise, under penalty prescribed in the time of the said William Staundone.
9 Jan., 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393-4], the good men of the mistery of Grocers presented before the Mayor and Aldermen the following names, viz., Richard Neville, John Olneye, and Thomas Halfmark, grocers, for them to choose one to be garbler and pollicier (polliceour) of wax in the City; and they selected Thomas Halfmark to the office, to hold the same during good behaviour, and to take from the vendor the sum of 4d. for garbling each bale of merchandise and 1d. for pollicing of each piece of wax.
The same day the said Thomas was sworn faithfully to execute the duties of his office, to bring to the Chamber all powder and dirt he may find, and to put a certain mark on each bale after it has been garbled, and on every piece of wax that has been pollicied (pollicee); and William Culham, the Common Weigher, was charged not to weigh any bale or piece of wax unless it bore such mark.
Folio ccxc b.
Friday, 30 Jan., 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393-4], Hugh Talbot, tailor, committed to prison for refusing to give evidence in a case of alleged unjust assessment of the Ward of Candelwykstrete. His punishment eventually committed for a fine of 5 marks. Sureties for his good behaviour, viz., John Partrich, William Talbot, William Watertone, and John Watertone, tailors.
Precept under the Mayoralty seal [to the Alderman of Farndone Within and Without] to the effect that whereas, owing to the increase of property and of the inhabitants of the Ward of Farndone Within and Without, the King, with the assent of the present Parliament, had ordained that thenceforth an Alderman should be elected by the good men of the Ward of Farndone Within, and another by the good men of the Ward of Farndone Without, he should summon them forthwith to elect the several Aldermen, and return their names to the Guildhall by Monday before the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March] next. Dated 5 March, 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393-4].
Precept to the Aldermen for the election of Aldermen, as well of those who had already been Aldermen as of others, and to return their names to the Guildhall by Tuesday before the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March] next. Dated 5 March, 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393-4].