Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: H, 1375-1399. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1907.
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Writ of Privy Seal to the Mayor, Sheriffs, Aldermen, andother good men of the City, bidding them elect two Aldermenfor the Ward of Farndone Within and Farndone Without, the same not to be removed from office except for reasonablecause, (fn. 1) nor to execute the duties of their office until their namesbe certified to the King and his will be known. Dated at Westminster, 6 March, 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393–4].
Writ of Privy Seal to the Mayor, Sheriffs, Aldermen, and good men of the City certifying the King's approval of those elected as Aldermen. Dated at Westminster, 18 March, 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393–4].
Whereas it was ordained and granted by King Edward, the great-grandfather (besaiell), and also by King Edward, the grandfather of the present King, that the Aldermen of the City of London should cease and be removed (serroient remuez) from their office each year on the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], and not be re-elected the following year, (fn. 2) but that other sufficient persons of the said City should be newlyelected each year and placed in the offices aforesaid; nevertheless, the said lord the King, for certain reasons him especially moving, and for the better government of the said City in time to come, wills and ordains, by the advice and assent of his Council in the present Parliament, (fn. 3) that thenceforth the Aldermen of the City shall not be ousted or removed from the said office of Aldermanry on the said Feast of St. Gregory, nor at any other time of the year, without honest and reasonable [cause], nor others elected and put in their places, but they shall remain in office from year to year until they be removed for just and reasonable cause, notwithstanding the ordinances aforesaid. [No date.] (fn. 4)
Folio ccxci b.
10 March, 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393–4], the guardianship of Johanna and Johanna [sic], daughters of John Tiddesbury, skinner, one aged twelve years and the other three years, together with the sum of £40 bequeathed to them by John Leycestre, (fn. 5) committed by John Hadlee, the Mayor, and Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, to the said John Tiddesbury, their father, who shall not put them out as apprentices nor marry them without the assent of the Mayor and Aldermen for thetime being. Sureties, viz., Roger Mordone, Robert Markelee, and William Wiltshire, skinners.
Afterwards, viz., on the 12th May, 9 Henry IV. [A.D. 1408], Johanna, the younger daughter, one of the "orphans" aforesaid, having died under age, there came William Fraunceys, who had married the other Johanna, albeit without permission of the Mayor and Aldermen for the time being; and inasmuch as the said Johanna and John [sic] were not in the position of City orphans, their father and mother being alive, the said William made fine of 40s. to the Chamber and acknowledged the receipt of the above sum of £40 from Philip Bangor, citizen and draper, &c.
10 March, 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393–4], John Walcote and John Marwe, executors of John Leycestre, delivered to the above Chamberlain the sum of 10 marks, bequeathed by the said John Leycestre for the marriage of Johanna, daughter of John Waltham.
11 April, 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1394], came Walter Fraunceys, valet, taker of ale (captor servisie) for the King, and complained of John Haselwode, calling himself "Harshulle," going about the City with a white wand in his hand and unlawfully seizing ale on the King's behalf. Condemned to the pillory. (fn. 6)
Quitclaim by Thomas, son and heir of John Hatfeld, senior, chandler, to John Hadlee, the Mayor, and the Commonalty, and also to Henry Yenelee (Yevelee) and William Waddesworth, Wardens of London Bridge, of a certain tenement and rents in Graschirchestret, in the parish of St. Benedict, (fn. 7) formerly devised by the said John Hatfeld in trust for the maintenance of a chantry in the said parish church, but which had been seized by the said Mayor, &c., in default of the said chantry being maintained according to the terms of the will of the said John Hatfeld. (fn. 8) Dated 8 April, 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1394].
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation of an ordinance made in the last Parliament at Westminster (fn. 9) to the effect that malt of the counties of Cambridge, Huntingdon,"Hereford" (Hertford?), Northampton, and Bedford, shall be brought to the City of London, and there sold for the benefit of the King's household, the households of lords and gentlemen sojourning in the City, and the entire population of the same, at 8 bushels a quarter of clean malt, free of dust and dirt. Witness the King at Westminster, 12 April, 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1394].
A chantry founded by the Mayor, Wardens of London Bridge, and Commonalty in the Chapel of St. Thomas on London Bridge, under the will of John Hatfeld, proved and enrolled in the Husting for Common Pleas held on Monday after the Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 37 Edward III. [A.D. 1363], John Whyte being the chantry priest.
Folio ccxcii b.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation for all Irishmen in the City and suburbs to hasten back to their native land, in view of the King's proposed expedition in force to Ireland, so that they be there by the Feast of the Assumption [15 Aug.] next at the latest. (fn. 10) Witness the King at Westminster, 16 June, 10 [17 ?] Richard II. [A.D. 1394].
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation for all the King's valets and archers to hasten to join him on his expedition to Ireland to suppress a rebellion. Witness the King at Westminster, 1 July, 18 Richard II. [A.D. 1394].
27 June, 18 Richard II. [A.D. 1394], William Whitman,"felmongere," charged by Robert Peek, Common Pleader (Communis Narrator), with having delivered to Thomas Keys, merchant of Stowe St. Edward, co. Glouces., divers false powders for good ginger, and tansy seed (semen tanezeti) for good worm seed (semen lumbricorum), &c. Jurors of the venue of theparish of All Hallows de Bredstrete, viz., William Pountfreit, John Tauntone, Thomas Child, Alan Hille, Thomas Haliwelle, William Knolle, Thomas Pounde, John Rauf, William Hill, John Prynnere, John Squyry, and John Merstone, find him guilty.
Further proceedings against the said William Whitman took place on the 1st July, when another jury was summoned. These jurors, viz., Robert Lyndeseye, Edmund Grendone, Geoffrey "Channflour," Thomas Colman, Richard Stratton, Robert Mildenhale, Stephen Elys, Thomas Boseworth, Robert Knotte, Thomas Graftone, and John Samuel, of the parish of All Hallows aforesaid, likewise found him guilty. Condemned to the pillory, the false powders to be burnt under it. (fn. 12)
3 June, 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1394], precept to Nicholas Covele and John Littelcote, Serjeants of the Chamber, to summon good men of the Wards of Crepulgate, Farndone Within, Bredstret, and Vintry, to examine whether a certain shop near the east corner of Hosierlane, (fn. 13) tenanted by Henry Permaystede, draper, is situate within the Ward of Chepe or Cordewanerstret. The jurors, viz., John Twyford, Nicholas Walsyngham, and Robert Sherewynde, of the Ward of Crepulgate; John Goldryng, Thomas Dachet, and Thomas Childe, of the Ward of Bredstrete; Thomas Pantone, William Lucas, John Hunte, and Hugh Wetherby, of the Ward of Farndone Within; John Roket and John Marchal, of the Ward of Vintry, find the shop to be situate in the Ward of Chepe, and its tenants liable to be taxed with the men of that Ward and not of the Ward of Cordewanerstrete.
Thomas Horwode, William Langelee, Thomas atte Wode, and Richard Herlawe, Masters and Surveyors of the Mistery of Hurers, report to John Hadlee, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, that false "cappes" were being made and sold by Philip atte Vyne, Avice Ponde, wife of John Hillestone, Alice Sewale, John Suthsex, John Longe, and John Pleystowe, who were thereupon summoned by John Parker, Serjeant of the Chamber, to appear before the Mayor and Aldermen on the 21st May, 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1394], to answer the charge, Robert Peke, the Common Pleader, being prosecutor. They confessed their guilt, and were each fined 20s. according to the ordinance of the Mistery enrolled in the Husting for Pleas of Land held on Monday before the Feast of St. Margaret [20 July], 36 Edward III [A.D. 1362]. (fn. 14)
Statute 17 Richard II., caps i.-x. (fn. 15)
Terms of a truce concluded for four years between England and France through the mediation of John, Duke of Guienne, (fn. 16)Lancaster, &c., and Edmund, Duke of York, at "Leulyngham," situate between the towns of Caleys and Bouloigne, 27 May, A.D. 1394. (fn. 17)
15 Oct., 18 Richard II. [A.D. 1394], the guardianship of Agnes and Margaret, daughters of John Clerk, late brewer, committed to Richard Clerk, who had married their mother. Sureties, viz., John Clerk,"pulter," and Robert Betoyne, goldsmith.
Deed of sale by John Hadlee, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Commonalty, under the common seal, to Richard [Bromham], parson of the church of Holy Trinity, near Queenhithe, (fn. 18) Thomas Weylond, William Sudbury, John Cursun, Knt., and Mary his wife, daughter of Sir Thomas de Feltone, Knt., and Edmund Gyrn', of a parcel of land belonging to the Commonalty of the City in Stanynglane, in the parish of St. Mary de Stanyng, adjoining the hostel of the said grantees. Dated in the Chamber of the Guildhall, 8 Oct., 18 Richard II. [A.D. 1394].
16 Nov., 18 Richard II. [A.D. 1394], came good men of the Mistery of Bowyers before John Fresshe, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and prayed that certain articles of their Mistery might be approved and recorded, as others had been in Letter-Book G, fo. cclxvi, (fn. 19) to the effect, viz., that if any one of the said mistery buy more than 300 "Bowestaves," he shall divide them among the men of the said mistery, under penalty of paying 6s. 8d. to the Chamber of the Guildhall and a like sum to the said mistery; also that no one of the said mistery shall put any stranger or alien to work without previous examination by the Wardens.
Folio ccxcvi b.
Monday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 18 Richard II. [A.D. 1394], in the presence of John Hadlee, the Mayor, Richard Whytyngtone and Drew Barentyn, the Sheriffs, William Venour, Adam Bamme, William More, Henry Vannere, Gilbert Maghfeld, John Walcote, Thomas Neutone, John Fraunceys, Roger Elys, William Shiryngham, William Bramptone, William Olyver, William Evote, Thomas Knolles, William Parker, and John Wade, Aldermen, and very many Commoners summoned for the election of Sheriffs, William Bramptone was elected Sheriff for the year ensuing by the Mayor, and Thomas Knolles by the Commonalty. Afterwards, viz., on Monday the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], the said Sheriffs were sworn at the Guildhall, and on the following Wednesday were presented before the Barons of the Exchequer.
The same day William Shiryngham and John Wade, Aldermen, John Oteleye, Geoffrey Walderne, William Frenyngham, and Edmund Fraunceys, Commoners, were elected auditors of the accounts of the Chamberlain and the Wardens of London Bridge.
22 Sept., 18 Richard II. [A.D. 1394], came good men of the Mistery of Smiths (Fabri) and delivered to John Hadlee, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, certain articles which they pray may be approved and recorded as other articles had been recorded in Letter-Book G, fo. cclxxxv.
Letters patent appointing Walter Cloptone, Robert Cherltone, John Cassy, John Fresshe, the Mayor, William Thirnyng, William Rykhulle, Hugh Huls, and John Cokayn, or any seven, six, five, four, three, or two of them (the Mayor being one), to be commissioners for gaol-delivery of Neugate. Witness Edmund, Duke of York, Warden of England, (fn. 21) 4 Nov., 18 Richard II. [A.D. 1394].
24 Oct., 18 Richard II. [A.D. 1394], account rendered by John Vyne, mercer, guardian of the lands, tenements, and rents of Thomas, son of William Herkestede, (fn. 22) late pepperer, before William Shiryngham and William Evote, Aldermen, as auditors, from Easter, anno 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1386], up to Christmas, 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393].
Folio ccxcvii b.
Masters of Misteries sworn .
Acquittance under the Common Seal by John Hadlee, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the rest of the citizens, to Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, on his accounts for one year from Michaelmas, 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393]. Dated 24 Oct., 18 Richard II. [A.D. 1394].
Tuesday the Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], in the presence of John Hadlee, the Mayor, John Cokeyn, the Recorder, Adam Bamme, William Staundone, William More, John Walcote, John Shadworthe, John Fraunceys, Gilbert Maghfeld, Richard Whityngton, Drew Barantyn, Thomas Welford, William Shiryngham, William Parker, William Olyver, Roger Elys, William Bramptone, Thomas Knolles, William Evote, Aldermen, the said William Bramptone and Thomas Knolles, Sheriffs, and an immense Commonalty summoned forthe election of a Mayor for the year ensuing, John Fresshe was elected Mayor, and afterwards, viz., on the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], was sworn in the Guildhall, and on the morrow was presented, admitted, and sworn before the Barons of the Exchequer.
Writ to the Sheriffs for the election of four citizens to attend a Parliament to be held at Westminster in the quinzaine of St. Hillary [13 Jan.]. (fn. 23) No Sheriff to be returned. Witness Edmund, Duke of York, Warden of England, at Westminster, 20 Nov., 18 Richard II. [A.D. 1394].
Writ of Privy Seal to the Mayor and Sheriffs to release Thomas Beverley,"Escote," and Walter Strathern out of Neugate, and deliver them under guard to John Elyngeham, the King's Serjeant-at-arms, to bring to the Tower. Dated at Westminster, 10 Dec., 18 Richard II. [A.D. 1394].
Precept to the Aldermen to hold their several Wardmotes, and make presentment of defects found in their Wards, such as they could not themselves remedy, to the Mayor's general court to be held at the Guildhall on Monday after the Feast of Epiphany [6 Jan.], that redress may be made according to the nature of the case; and further, to keep a sufficiently strong guard in the streets at Christmas-time. Dated 10 Dec., 18 Richard II.[A.D. 1394].
A general proclamation by the Mayor for the government of the City, regulation of trade, fishing in the Thames, &c. (fn. 24)
Thomas Horwode, William Langelee, Thomas atte Wode, and Richard Herlawe, Masters, and the other Surveyors of the Mistery of Hurers, make report to John Fresshe, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, that false caps were being made and sold by Johanna Payn of Suthwerk, Stephen March, spicer, Alice Sallowe, Walter Caustone, and John de Waltham, "capper," and on the 15th Jan., 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393–4], at the instance of Robert Peek, Common Pleader (Communis Narrator), the said cappers were summoned by John Parker, Serjeant of the Chamber, to appear on the Wednesday following. Upon their confessing their guilt they were each fined 20s., and the caps were ordered to be burnt in Chepe.
Folio ccxcix b.
11 Oct., 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393], came the executors ofWalter Godeman, "coreour," and delivered to Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, certain household goods for the use ofJohn, son of the said Walter, which goods were committed toRichard Bernard as guardian Surety, William Godehewe, "curreour."
4 Nov., 18 Richard II. [A.D. 1394], came the executors of John Adam, brewer, and delivered to Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, the sum of £4 and divers goods, comprising a baselard harnessed with silver, a girdle harnessed with silver, and a "shipcheste," for the use of Henry and Matilda, children of the said John.
Afterwards, viz., on the 20th June, 18 Richard II. [A.D. 1395], a portion of the above goods was delivered to Simon Valet, draper, with whom the above Henry had been bound apprentice. Sureties, viz., John Langhorn, "brasier," Henry Duraunt, "barbour." (fn. 25)
20 Nov., 18 Richard II. [A.D. 1394], the guardianship of Juliana, daughter of Thomas Smythe, late "pewtrer," together with her patrimony, committed by John Fresshe [Mayor] and Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, to Richard Manhale, chandler.
11 Dec., 18 Richard II. [A.D. 1394], the guardianship of John, son of William Clerk, called "Newenham," together with his property, committed by the same to Hugh Hally, who had married the orphan's mother. Sureties, viz., Drew Barentyn and Gilbert Maghfeld, Aldermen.
Recital of proceedings against John Norhamptone at Reading as recorded supra, fo. cxcviii [b], (fn. 26) and of the King's pardon having been extended to him, as recorded supra, fo. cclxii [b], (fn. 27)and declaration made on 15 Jan., 18 Richard II. [A.D. 1394–5], by John Fresshe, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, with the assent of the Common Council, that—seeing that the said John Norhamptone had been indicted for felony and insurrection before Sir Walter Clopton and his fellow-Justices of the King's Bench, anno 14 Richard II., and that afterwards he had been acquitted before the aforesaid Sir Walter and John Penrose at St. Martin le Grand, as appears on record in the King's Bench for that year—all judgments and ordinances passed by former Mayors, Sheriffs, Aldermen, and others against the said John Norhamptone are hereby declared void, and he is restored to his former liberties and privileges both within the City and without, as fully as if no judgment or ordinance had been promulgated against him. (fn. 28)
Folio ccc b.
Our lige lord my falawes and I be send fro your pouere co'es of Inglond atte your parlement holden atte Westm' the xv e day of seyn thiller the yere of your regne xviii e unto your roial presence and mageste lawelich and mekelich recomandant hem to your hegh lordship ethankyng you yat it liked your hegh lordshipe send your gracious lettres unto your pouere co'es certifiant your prosperite and god esploit of which thei thank god entierly be sechant hym wyth alle her hertes of god and honorable continuaunce desiryng in your lettres the prosperite of your pouere co'es And our lige lord it has ben declared to alle your lordes spirtuels and temporals in the same parlement the pouert and the nounpoaire of your pouere co'es of your Roiaume wych pouert is noght un knowen to alle the states of your roiaume and for al so mykil as for your forseid pouere co'es have fulle and hegh trist yat ther nys no creature yat has ne wille have so gret tenderness ne chierte of your pouere co'es as your oune hegh persone has wher for thei be sek you mekely and lowely to your heghnesse yat ye welle consider the pouert of your pouere co'es forseid and with your hegh discrecion to sette you in swiche governance yat your pouere co'es may be desported in tyme comyng consideryng that thogh ther willes and ther hertes of your people be sette in never so grete love and tendirnesse of hert to your hegh persone thei are so pouere yat thei may noght bere so ferford our lige lord that this charge yat yeur [sic] poeple has grantid myght noght have ben borne bot onely to shew to your hegh lordshipe her gode wille and kyndnesse for the love and affeccion yat they have to your roial persone. (fn. 29)
And our lige lord we wer comanded of our felawes your pouere co'es to notifie to your hegh estat the god governance of alle your lordes of your land spirituels and temporels and your officers and conseil that ther have bene of swiche governance and your lawes so welle kept and obeid in your absence unto grete ese and prosperite of all the states of your land Wher for we pray you to have hem in chierte and tenderness after then god desert and gret travaille.
And our lige lord it was communed be the lordes of your lond un to us your co'es that thei desirid your comyng and your presence in to your Royaume for many hegh causes and profitable more than thei myght in especial declare un to us where for your forseid co'es consideryng the desir of the lordes and their discrecion your co'es desiren your honorable presence after that ye thynk best in your hegh discrecion makyng protestacion to your hegh lordshipe yat our desir be noght taken to non request ne excitacion to ster you fro no thyng of yourhegh worshipe ne to no thyng that myght be perelle to your land yat he have conquered and put in obeisance.
The above articles were sent to the lord the King by the Commonalty of his realm attending the Parliament held at Westminster, in the quinzaine of Hillary [13 Jan.], 18 Richard II. [A.D. 1394–5], when the said King was in Ireland and the Duke of York was Warden of England.
16 Jan., 18 Richard II. [A.D. 1394–5], precept to Nicholas Covele, Serjeant of the Chamber, to summon a jury from the Wards of Candelwykstret, Cornhulle, Bradstret, and Chepe, to inquire whether a certain house belonging to Nicholas Hotot, esquire, and tenanted by John Wende,"webbe," in Shitbournlane, (fn. 30) near the tenement called "Thre Nonnos," and the tenement of John Suthcote, was situate in the Ward of Walbrok or Langebourne. The jurors, viz., John Campioun, Simon Ingram, and John Kent, of the Ward of Candelwykstret, John Barry, John Shakelok, John Maydestone, and John Derlyng, of the Ward of Cornhulle, Thomas Knape, John Bedeford, and Thomas Chaundeler, of the Ward of Bradstret, William Belhome and Gamelin Motte, of the Ward of Chepe, find that the said tenement was situate in the Ward of Walbrok, and that those residing therein should be taxed, &c., with the men of that Ward.