Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: I, 1400-1422. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1909.
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Saturday the Feast of st. Edward [13 Oct.], 2 Henry V. [A.D. 1414], after Mass celebrated in the Guildhall Chapel, in the presence of William Crowmer, the Mayor, John de Prestone, the Recorder, Sir William Haryndone, Prior of the church of Holy Trinity, Richard Whitingtone, Thomas Knolles, Richard Merlawe, Robert Chichele, William Walderne, Thomas Fauconer, Nicholas Wottone, Henry Bartone, Stephen Speleman, William Nortone, William Louthe, Henry Haltone, John Lane, William Chichele, John Penne, Thomas Pyke, William Sevenok, and Ralph Lobenham, Aldermen, John Michell and Thomas Aleyn, the Sheriffs, and an immense Commonalty summoned for the election of a Mayor for the year ensuing, Thomas Fauconer was elected.
7 Nov., proclamation made forbidding servants, hostelers, and others to cast rubbish and dirt into the streets or the Thames. An informer to receive 2s. 4d. for giving information in each case, and 12 pence out of every fine of 4s. imposed upon such as break the ordinance. Also forbidding any one to act as broker until he has been approved and admitted to office by the Mayor and Aldermen, under penalty of £10 to be paid to the Chamber.
Precept to the Aldermen to elect a "Rakyer" in their several Wards to keep the streets clean, and instruct the Constables and Beadles to warn inhabitants not to throw water out of windows, &c. Dated s. Nov., 2 Henry V. [A.D. 1414].
Folio cxliii b.
Letter from the King to the Mayor and Aldermen announcing his arrival before the town of Harefleu on Saturday, the 17th August; the conditional surrender of the town on Wednesday, the 18th September, and its final surrender on the following Sunday .Dated at Harefleu, 22 Sept. [A.D. 1415]. (fn. 1)
Precept to the Aldermen to hold their Wardmotes in their several Wards according to custom, and to make return of the names of defaulters in order that a fine of 4 pence may be levied on them for the work of the Guildhall; also to see that steps be taken for the proper lighting of the streets at Christmas, that a "Rakier" be elected for keeping the streets clean, and Alekonners for the assay of ale brewed in their Wards, &c. Dated 12 Dec., 2 Henry V. [A.D. 1414].
Letters patent appointing Thomas Fauconer, the Mayor, William Hankeford, Richard Nortone, William Lasyngby, Hugh Huls, Robert Hulle, Robert Tirwhit, John Cokayn, and John Prestone, or any eight, seven, six, five, four, three, or two (the Mayor being one), to be justices for gaol-delivery of Newgate. Witness the King at Westminster, 27 Nov., 2 Henry V [A.D. 1414].
Folio cxliv b.
Letters patent appointing Stephen Speleman, Alderman, Thomas Pyke, Alderman, Robert Tatersall, draper, and William Bysmer, goldsmith, to be Commissioners for levying in the City the subsidy granted by the last Parliament. (fn. 2) Witness the King at Westminster, 22 Dec., 2 Henry V. [A.D. 1414].
Precept to the Aldermen to elect good men in their several Wards to assess a sum equal to a fifteenth and levy the same on all inhabitants, both cleric and lay. (fn. 3) The money to be brought into the Guildhall on the Feast of the Conversion of St Paul [25 Jan.] next ensuing. Dated 8 Jan., 2 Henry V. [A.D. 1414-15].
Writ to the Sheriffs to proclaim a general pardon granted by the King to all rebels, felons, &c., who severally sue for charters of pardon before Michaelmas Day next. Witness the King at Westminster, 9 Dec., 2 Henry V. [A.D. 1414].
Folio cxlv b.
21 March, 3 Henry V. [A.D. 1414-15], Thomas Mayneld, or Maynelle, grocer, living in Tower Ward, charged before the Mayor and Aldermen with insolently threatening William Sevenok, Alderman of Tower Ward, with Brembre's fate, if he did not conduct himself well and honestly. He confesses his guilt, and is committed to Neugate for a year and a day, but, at the earnest request of William Sevenok, the punishment is commuted for a bond for good behaviour in the sum of £200 Sureties, viz., John Wyldene, merchant, John Wokkyng, tailor, Thomas Bosse, grocer, and Richard Stowell, "wodemonger." (fn. 4)
Letter under the Mayoralty seal to Richard Alkirtone, Canon of Chichester, asking him to preach a sermon on Easter Monday, and expressing a hope that his language may be temperate. (fn. 5) Dated 27 Feb., 2 Henry V. [A.D. 1414-15].
6 March, 2 Henry V. [A.D. 1414-15], the guardianship of William, son of Philip Bangor, (fn. 6) late draper, together with his patrimony, committed by Thomas Fauconer, the Mayor, and John Proffyt, the Chamberlain, to John Bokenham, draper, who married Margery, the orphan's mother. Sureties, viz., Walter Chartesey, Robert Bamborugh, John Beterinden, draper, and John Cloos.
Folio cxlvi b.
8 March, 2 Henry V. [A.D. 1414-15], came John Talbot, Robert Hillory, Thomas Greyve, and Augustine Dunton, of the vill of Hadle, co. Suffolk, before Thomas Fauconer, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, in the Chamber of the Guildhall, and claimed on behalf of themselves and other tenants of the Archbishop of Canterbury in the same vill to be quit of all toll, &c., to the City by virtue of royal charters granted to the Archbishops and Church of Canterbury. (fn. 7) Their claim allowed.
13 March, 2 Henry V. [A.D. 1414-15], the guardianship of Robert, Elena, and Emma, children of Alan Coterell, late "letherdyer," together with their property, committed by Thomas Fauconer, the Mayor, and John Proffyt, the Chamberlain, to William Young, haberdasher, who married Johanna, the mother of the said orphans. Sureties, viz., John Amour, mercer, and John Walker, "steynour."
Writ to the Sheriffs to the effect that whereas John Oldecastell, of Coulyng, co. Kent, knight, had not availed himself of the King's offer of pardon already promulgated, (fn. 8) they were now to make proclamation that unless he came and made submission by the quinzaine of Easter next the pardon would be void. Witness the King at Westminster, 18 Feb, 2 Henry V. [A.D. 1414-15].
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation for all knights, esquires, valets, and others in the pay of Edward III, Richard II., Edward, late Prince of Wales, John, Duke of Lancaster, the King's grandfather, or the King's late father, to hasten to London by the octave of Easter next to receive and execute the King's orders. Witness the King at Westminster, 22 March, 3 Henry V. [A.D. 1414-15].
Another writ to the same for proclamation to be made changing the day named in the above writ to the morrow of St. George's Day [23 April]. Witness the King at Westminster, 22 March, 3 Henry V. [A.D. 1414-15].
Folio cxlvii b.
Proclamation to be made to the effect that (1) no Sheriff's officer or other person take any toll or custom except those set up (en les tables assis) at Byllingesgate and Quenhithe; (2) that no officer connected with the water of the Thames take any custom for executing his office other than that ordained by the King's advice; (3) that no such officer keep a hostel.
Proclamation to be made for every man or woman having apprentices that have not been enrolled during their first year, according to the ordinance, (fn. 9) to cause the same to be enrolled within twenty days of Easter next [31 March], without paying any fine for their negligence, under penalty of losing their apprentices.
17 Feb., 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428-9], came Robert Coterell, then of full age, and received from John Bederenden, the Chamberlain, a sum of money which John Amour, mercer, one of the sureties of William Yonge, brought into Court.
Statute passed by the Parliament held at Westminster on Monday after the octave of st. Martin [11 Nov], 2 Henry V. [A.D. 1414]. (fn. 10)
Precept to the Aldermen for an armed watch to be kept by night up to the Feast of st. Michael and also on the nights and eves of the Feasts of st. John Bapt. [24 June] and SS. Peter and Paul [29 June]; also for taking the usual precautions against fire. Dated 7 May, 3 Henry V. [A.D. 1415].
Folio cxlix b.
Afterwards, viz., on the 4th July, 4 Henry V. [A.D. 1416], ordinance made forbidding barbers practising the faculty of surgery in the City to tend serious cases of illness without showing the patients to the Surveyors appointed for the purpose, under penalty of a fine. (fn. 11)
10 March, 2 Henry V. [A.D. 1414-15], Thomas Fauconer, the Mayor, and the Aldermen summoned to the Tower, when the King informed them of his intention to cross the sea to reconquer the possessions of the Crown, and of his need of money Whereupon, on the 14th March, there came to the Guildhall the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Bishop of Winchester, the Dukes of Bedford and Gloucester, the King's brothers, and the Duke of York, to consider the matter; and the question arising as to the order of precedence in their sitting, the Lords agreed that the Mayor, as the King's representative in the City, should sit in the middle, with the Archbishop and Bishop on his right hand and the Dukes on his left. (fn. 12)
1 March, 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428-9], came William Stout, who married Emma, daughter of Alan Coterell, late "letherdier," before Henry Bartone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and received his wife's patrimony from John Bederendene, the Chamberlain.
17 Jan., 8 Henry VI [A.D. 1429-30], came John Mortemer, who married Elena, daughter of the above Alan Coterell, before William Estfeld, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and likewise received his wife's patrimony.
Folio cl b.
Letters patent granting a general pardon to the Mayor and Commonalty for offences committed before the 8th December last, with the exception of any murders for which they may stand indicted since the 19th November (fn. 13) last. Witness the King at Westminster, 1 May, 3 Henry V. [A.D. 1415].
19 April, 3 Henry V. [A.D. 1415], complaint made before Thomas Fauconer, the Mayor, and the Aldermen that servants and journeymen (allocati) of Tailors of the City, called "yomen taillours," (fn. 14) consorted together in dwelling-houses and behaved in an unruly manner, having assaulted (among others) Thomas Tropenell, one of the Masters of the mistery. Thereupon the Mayor and Aldermen summoned Thomas Whityngham, the then Master, and the Wardens of the said mistery to appear before them on the 25th April to answer for their want of control over their servants and journeymen. The said Master and Wardens duly appeared, and expressed both their regret at the state of affairs and their inability to put a stop to it. They pray the Mayor and Aldermen to summon before them David Brekenhok, John Stanbury, and others [not named] who were then dwelling together in a certain house in Garlykhythe. They were accordingly summoned by Otho Bris, one of the Mayor's Serjeants, and appeared before the Mayor and Aldermen on the 29th April, when they were ordered to quit the said house or again appear on the 2nd May to receive sentence On that day they again appeared, when the Mayor and Aldermen ordained that henceforth the servants of the said mistery should be under the rule and governance of the Masters and Wardens, like servants of other misteries, and that they should cease to use a livery or clothing at their unlawful assemblies, and further, they were to cease to live together on pain of imprisonment and fine. (fn. 15)
Folio cli b.
15 July, 3 Henry V. [A.D. 1415], came John Shadworth, Thomas Aleyn, and Peter Givayn, executors of John Wodecok, (fn. 16) mercer, and delivered to John Proffyt, the Chamberlain, a sum of money to the use of Johanna, daughter of the said John Wodecok.
Folio clii clii b.
2 July, 3 Henry V. [A.D. 1415], ordinances by the Common Council to the effect (1) that the little postern built of old in the City Wall and leading to the Moor should be pulled down, and a new and larger one built to the westward of it, with a gate to be shut at night and other fitting times; (fn. 17) (2) that the Moor be laid out for garden purposes; (3) that a common latrine outside the City Wall be removed, and a new one built within the wall upon the foss of the Walbrook, where a "scluys" or "speye" was to be constructed for the purpose of carrying off the filth; (fn. 18) (4) that those living on the margin of the Walbrook near the Thames cause the banks of the same to be piled or walled; (5) that another latrine situate in the City Wall between the Church of All Hallows and Bishopsgate be abolished; and lastly, (6) that the course of a certain gutter called "Swolne," near st. Magnus Church, which had been diverted, by way of experiment, by Thomas Falconer, the Mayor, so as to discharge itself into the Thames at Ebgate, alias Oystergate, should continue so to discharge itself.
13 May, 3 Henry V. [A.D. 1415], ordinance by Thomas Fauconer, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, to the effect that whereas the custom of rulers and officers of the City receiving either a hood or clothing every year from the different crafts of the City had given offence, no Mayor, Alderman, Sheriff, or other officer or servant of the City shall henceforth take any livery or clothing from any craft or fraternity, save only the particular craft of which he has been made free, under penalty of a fine. (fn. 19)
Writ to the Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen for all notable persons necessary for the good government of the City to return to, and remain within the City during the King's absence abroad. Dated at Westminster, 20 June, 3 Henry V. [A.D. 1415]. (fn. 20)
Folio cliii b.
Writ to all Sheriffs, &c., notifying that tenants of the vill of Northmymmes, (fn. 21) which is of the honour of Gloucester, as is said, are quit of toll throughout the realm. Witness the King at Westminster, 4 Nov., 4 Henry V. [A.D. 1416].
5 Aug., 3 Henry V. [A.D. 1415], Edmund Grymstone, vintner, discharged by Thomas Fauconer, the Mayor, and the Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to bodily infirmity, and more particularly deafness.
Judgment by Henry [Chichele], Archbishop of Canterbury, proclaiming John Cleydone to be a lapsed heretic and handing him over to the secular power. (fn. 22) [No date.]
21 Aug., 3 Henry V. [A.D. 1415], ordinance by Thomas Fauconer, the Mayor, and the Aldermen forbidding brewers who rent the fountains and the great upper pipe of the Great Conduit in Chepe thenceforth to draw water from the small pipes below the said Conduit under penalty of paying 6s. 8d. to the Chamber on each conviction. (fn. 23)
Writ to the Sheriffs for the election of four citizens to attend a Parliament to be held at Westminster on Monday after the Feast of st. Luke [18 Oct.] No Sheriff to be returned. Witness John, Duke of Bedford, Warden of England, at Westminster, 12 Aug., 3 Henry V. [A.D. 1415]. (fn. 24)
Folio cliv b.
On a certain day [not recorded], 3 Henry V., came Alice, late wife of John Randolf, late "tymbermonger," and William Bradwey, carpenter, executors of the said John Randolf, who was executor of Thomas Oxenford, of whose son John Oxenford the said John Randolf had been appointed guardian by Drew Barantyn, late Mayor, and John Proffyt, the Chamberlain, and rendered account of the property of the said orphan, who had died during his apprenticeship, before William Sevenoke and Nicholas Aghton, Aldermen, John Proffyt, the Chamberlain, and John Westone, the Common Pleader, as Auditors.
6 Sept., 3 Henry V. [A.D. 1415], came Richard Grove, armourer, Thomas Clerk, "taillour," and John Chadde, "cotiller," executors of William Boxsone, late "peautrer," and paid into court before the Mayor and Aldermen the sum of 50 marks to the use of Agnes, daughter of the said William Boxsone.
12 Sept., 3 Henry V. [A.D. 1415], the guardianship of the above Agnes committed by Thomas Fauconer, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, to Robert Trenerth, mercer, and Petronilla his wife, widow of the above William Boxsone, the orphan's mother Sureties, viz., Thomas Whitingham and Thomas Suttone, tailors, John Trethewy, skinner, and Roger Wryngesworth, mercer.
Letter [from the Mayor and Aldermen] to the King thanking him for his letter of the 31st July informing them of the discovery of a treacherous plot against him, (fn. 25) and assuring him that the City would be safeguarded on his behalf. Dated 2 Aug. [A.D. 1415].
Letter from the Mayor and Aldermen to the King touching the proceedings that had been taken against John Cleydone, who had been condemned by the Ecclesiastical Court as a lapsed heretic, and handed over to the secular authorities for punishment. Dated 22 August [A.D. 1415]. (fn. 26)
Folio clv b.
13 Sept., 3 Henry V. [A.D. 1415], came good men of the Mistery of Corriours before Thomas Fauconer, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and prayed that certain "points" for the government of the said mistery might be sanctioned. Their prayer granted, and ordered to be placed on record.
Folio clvi clvi b.
31 July, 3 Henry V. [A.D. 1415], proceedings taken, at the instance of John Westone, the Common Pleader, against John Hurlebatte for having married Johanna, a daughter of Nicholas Aghton, (fn. 27) late an Alderman, and an orphan, without the licence of the Mayor and Aldermen. The said John Hurlebatte, being questioned as to his marriage, acknowledged that he contracted matrimony with the said orphan in the presence of Nicholas Jamys, a merchant, and Master Peter Chirche, a notary public, but the marriage had not yet been solemnized. The Court, wishing to consider the validity of the marriage, postponed the further hearing until the 6th July [sic], (fn. 28) and committed John Hurlebatte to prison for contempt. In the meanwhile the Sheriffs were ordered to summon twelve good men from the four nearest Wards to the place where the said Nicholas died, to attend on the 6th July [sic], to discover the true value of the marriage; and the aforesaid Nicholas Jamys and Peter Chirche, having acknowledged the part they had taken in the matter, were, after due deliberation, committed to prison until they should pay a fine at the discretion of the Mayor and Aldermen, and condemned to lose the freedom of the City The punishment in the case of Master Peter, however, was commuted for a fine of £20 (eventually reduced to 20s.) on his pleading ignorance of the greatness of his offence, whilst in the case of Nicholas Jamys it was carried out, owing to his contumacy.
Afterwards, viz., on the 6th August [sic], the jurors came, viz., Robert Whaplode, William Beneriche, William Lyle of the Ward of Bridge, Walter Haselee, John Canowne, Geoffrey Dallynge of the Ward of Billynggesgate, Robert Smythe, John Tetford, Richard Balman of the Ward of Dowgate, and John Sesingham, Salamon Oxney, Martin Godard of the Ward of Langborn, who declared the marriage of the said orphan to be worth £40. Thereupon the said John Hurlebatte was adjudged to forfeit that amount, and was committed to prison until, &c.
Letters patent touching the security on the customs on wool, &c., granted for the repayment of a City loan of 10,000 marks to the King. Dated at Westminster, 1 Aug., 3 Henry V. [A.D. 1415]. (fn. 29)
Folio clvii b.
17 Jan., 2 Henry V. [A.D. 1414-15], John Gedeney, who had been elected Alderman of the Ward of Farndone Without, loco Ralph Lobenham, being summoned to take the oath of office, refused to do so on the ground of inability; although, as a freeman of the City, he was bound by oath to be a partaker in lot, i.e.; to hold office, and in scot, i e, contribute to taxes and other charges. (fn. 30) He was thereupon committed to prison and his property confiscated until the Court of Aldermen should be better advised thereon. Afterwards, viz., on the 18th [Jan.], he made submission and was sworn. (fn. 31)
10 Sept., 3 Henry V. [A.D. 1415], the guardianship of Thomas, son of John Oxneye, late grocer, together with the sum of £56 13s 4d due to him by the death of Dionisia his sister, and also his patrimony, committed by Thomas Fauconer, the Mayor, and John Proffyt, the Chamberlain, to Thomas "Knollys," senior, grocer. Surety, viz., Thomas "Knolles," junior, grocer.
30 Sept., 3 Henry V. [A.D. 1415], the guardianship of John, son of John Oxneye, and his property similarly committed to Salamon Oxneye, (fn. 32) goldsmith. Sureties, viz., William Fitz Hugh, goldsmith, and Martin Godard, "cotiller".
Folio clviii b.
Indenture between Richard Courtenay, Bishop of Norwich, and Treasurer of the King's Chamber, of the one part, and Thomas Fauconer, the Mayor, and Commonalty of the City, of the other part, witnessing the delivery of a great collar of gold, composed of crowns and antelopes richly enamelled and bejewelled, to the Mayor as security for the repayment of a loan of 10,000 marks made by the City to the King The same to be redeemed by the Feast of Circumcision [1 Jan.], A.D. 1416 [-17]. Dated 16 June, 3 Henry V. [A.D. 1415]. (fn. 33)
Saturday the Feast of st. Matthew [21 Sept], 3 Henry V. [A.D. 1415], in the presence of Thomas Fauconer, the Mayor, John Bartone, the Recorder, Richard Whitingtone, Thomas Knolles, Richard Merlawe, Robert Chichele, William Nortone, Nicholas Wottone, William Louthe, Henry Haltone, William Chichele, John Penne, William Sevenok, and Thomas Pyke, Aldermen, and very many Commoners summoned to the Guildhall for the election of Sheriffs-William Cauntbrigge, Alderman (fn. 34) and grocer, was elected one of the Sheriffs by the Mayor, and Alan Everard, Alderman (fn. 34) and mercer, was elected the other Sheriff for the year ensuing by the Commonalty. Afterwards, viz., on Saturday the eve of st. Michael [29 Sept.], they were sworn at the Guildhall, and on the following Monday were presented and accepted before the Barons of the Exchequer at Westminster.
Record of the election on Sunday the Feast of st. Edward [13 Oct], 3 Henry V. [A.D. 1415], of Nicholas Wottone to be Mayor for the year ensuing, and of the solemn procession to Westminster made on the morrow of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.] by the Mayor, Aldermen, and an immense number of the Commonalty, on foot like pilgrims, (fn. 35) to return thanks for the joyous news that had arrived of the King's victory at Agincourt, (fn. 36) before the new Mayor was admitted and sworn before the Barons of the Exchequer. (fn. 37)
Masters of Misteries sworn.
Strengers (fn. 38) 5 Sept., same year, Ralph Eryot, Henry Yonge.
Folio clix b.
5 Dec., 3 Henry V. [A.D. 1415], William Grantham, grocer, Richard Sutton, draper, and Henry Anketill, "sherman," charged before the Mayor and Aldermen with having falsely accused Thomas Pyke, Alderman of the Ward of Bradstret, with having levied a larger sum than was due from them towards the loan of 10,000 marks recently made to the King (fn. 39) for his voyage to Harflew. They confessed their guilt, and thereupon were committed to Newgate for a year and a day, but the punishment was afterwards remitted on their entering into bond for good behaviour.
Precept to the several Aldermen to hold their Wardmotes and to make return of such matters as they are unable themselves to remedy to the Mayor's General Court to be held on Monday after the Feast of Epiphany [6 Jan.], and further to set watches at Christmas, take precautions against fire, &c. Dated 13 Nov., 3 Henry V. [A.D. 1415].
Letters patent appointing Nicholas Wottone, the Mayor, William Hankeford, Richard Nortone, William Lasyngby, Robert Hulle, Robert Tirwhit, John Cokayne, William Cheyne, William Lodyngtone, John Prestone, and John Bartone, senior, or any ten, nine, eight, seven, six, five, four, three, or two (the Mayor being one), to be Commissioners for gaol-delivery of Newgate. Witness John, Duke of Bedford, Warden of England, (fn. 40) at Westminster, 4 Nov., 3 Henry V. [A.D. 1415].
Folio clx b.
Writ to the Sheriffs for the election of four citizens to attend a Parliament to be held at Westminster on the 16th March next [A.D. 1415-16]. No Sheriff to be returned. Witness the King at Westminster, 21 Jan., 3 Henry V. [A.D. 1415-16].
Afterwards, at a Husting for Common Pleas, held on Monday the Feast of st. Scolastica [10 Feb.], there were elected Richard Merlawe and Thomas Fauconer, Aldermen, William Westone, draper, and Nicholas Jamys, fishmonger, Commoners, to attend the Parliament pursuant to the above writ.
Writ to the Sheriffs to take steps to secure the due observance of the statute passed in the Parliament held at Westminster on Monday after the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov], 3 Henry V. [A.D. 1415], forbidding the use of "Galihalpens" (fn. 41) and money called "Seskyn" (fn. 42) and "Dodekyn," (fn. 43) and all Scottish silver money, as currency in England. Witness the King at Westminster, 3 Dec., 3 Henry V. [A.D. 1415].