Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: I, 1400-1422. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1909.
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Statute made at the Parliament held at Westminster on the morrow of St. Hillary [13 Jan.], 5 Henry IV. [A. D. 1403-4]. (fn. 1)
Folio xxxi b.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to execute the judgment passed by William Gascoigne, the Chief Justice, upon William Serle for treason. (fn. 2) Witness the King at Leycestre, 5 Aug., 5 Henry IV. [A. D. 1404].
Another writ to the same, to the effect that whereas the above William Serle had been convicted at York on the 26th July last of divers treasons, and had been condemned to be drawn through divers cities and boroughs to the City of London, and from the Tower of London to the gallows of Tyburn, there to be hanged, decapitated, drawn, and quartered —the said judgment is to be carried into execution by them when required by the King. Witness the King at Leycestre, 5 Aug., 5 Henry IV. [A. D. 1404].
1 Aug., 5 Henry IV. [A. D. 1404], the guardianship of Simon, son of John Pays, late brewer, together with his patrimony, committed by William Askham, the Mayor, and Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, to Robert Marchall, brewer, who married the mother of the said Simon. Sureties, viz., Robert Salman, draper, Thomas Panter, scrivener, and John Sidyngbourne.
Acquittance by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty to Stephen Speleman, citizen and mercer, and late Chamberlain (fn. 3) of the Guildhall, on his account. Dated in the Chamber of the Guildhall, the morrow of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 6 Henry IV. [A. D. 1404].
3 Sept., 5 Henry IV. [A. D. 1404], the sum of £20 delivered to John Prentout in trust for his apprentice John, an illegitimate son of William Evote, late draper. Sureties, viz., Robert Lutone and Henry Permestede, drapers.
Friday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 4 Henry IV. [A. D. 1403], ordinance made by John Walcote, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Commonalty, upon petition, to the effect that in future no Sheriff should have more than six Serjeants, and that both Sheriffs should have one Serjeant in common for the county of Middlesex.
Afterwards, viz., on the 9th Nov., 5 Henry IV. [A. D. 1403], it was ordained that no Sheriff should have more than eight Serjeants, with an additional Serjeant in common for both Sheriffs for the county of Middlesex. (fn. 4)
Folio xxxii b.
Sunday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 5 Henry IV. [A. D. 1404], in the presence of William Askham, the Mayor, Thomas Thornburgh, the Recorder, John Hadlee, John Shadworth, Drew Barentyn, Thomas Knolles, John Walcote, John Warner, Richard Merlowe, William Venour, William Walderne, Henry Pountfreit, John Wodecok, and William Crowmere, Aldermen, Thomas Polle and Thomas Fauconer, the Sheriffs, and an immense Commonalty summoned for the election of Sheriffs at the Guildhall, William Louthe, goldsmith, was elected Sheriff by the Mayor, and Stephen Speleman by the Commonalty.
Afterwards, viz., on the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], the said Sheriffs were sworn at the Guildhall, and on Tuesday after the Feast of St. Michael were presented and sworn (fn. 5) before the Barons of the Exchequer.
The same day the ordinance made by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Council to the effect that no Sheriff should have more than eight Serjeants, under penalty of £20, as appears on the preceding folio, was affirmed.
Writ for the election of four citizens to attend a Parliament to be held at Coventry on the 6th Oct. next. No Sheriff to be returned, nor any apprentice or other person at law (aut apprenticius sive aliquis alius homo ad legem. (fn. 6) ) Witness the King at Lichefeld, 25 Aug., 5 Henry IV. [A. D. 1404].
Tuesday the 23rd Sept., 5 Henry IV. [A. D. 1404], it was ordained by William Askham, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the Common Council assembled in the Upper Chamber of the Guildhall, that thenceforth on the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.] in each year, after the Sheriff of the City has been elected by the Commonalty of the same, the Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Council for the time being shall elect some good and discreet citizen to be Chamberlain for the year ensuing, and two good and discreet citizens to be Masters or Wardens of London Bridge for the year ensuing, and that the said Chamberlain and Wardens so elected shall, on the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], when the new Sheriffs are sworn to their offices in the Guildhall, be also sworn. And just as the outgoing Sheriffs cease to hold office yearly at noon on the eve of St. Michael and the new Sheriffs enter into office immediately afterwards, so the outgoing Chamberlain and Wardens shall cease from office on St. Michael's day and the new Chamberlain and Wardens shall enter upon their duties on the morrow of St. Michael; and the outgoing Chamberlain and Wardens shall render their accounts within a month of Michaelmas (citramensem Michaelis) next ensuing. Further, that it shall be lawful for the Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Council to re-elect the same Chamberlain and Wardens on the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.] next ensuing, provided that no Chamberlain or Warden of the Bridge shall remain in office more than two consecutive years, (fn. 7) and when any of them shall have been removed from office, they shall not be elected again for two years.
The same day, with the assent of the said Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Council, John Proffyt, fishmonger, was elected Chamberlain, and William Sevenok, grocer, and John Whatelee, mercer, were elected Wardens of the said bridge for the year ensuing.
The same day, inasmuch as at the election of Sheriffs on the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.] last an excessive number of apprentices and servants had raised such a tumult in the Guildhall as to disturb the Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Council, who had been summoned there, it was ordained that thencefor that elections of a Mayor, Sheriffs, or other officers no one should presume to enter the Guildhall unless specially summoned by the Serjeants of the Mayor, Sheriffs, or Chamberlain for the time being, and that none should be so summoned unless they be of the more sufficient men of the City, or be of the Common Council. (fn. 8)
Afterwards, viz., on the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 7 Henry IV. [A. D. 1406], it was ordained by John Wodecok, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the Common Council that the Chamberlain and Wardens of London Bridge should be removable as above written, but it should be lawful for the Mayor and Aldermen for the time being to re-elect the same although they may have remained in office two years, if they are found able and discreet for the profit of the City, the above ordinance notwithstanding. Thereupon John Proffyt was elected Chamberlain, and John Whatele and Henry Julyan were elected Wardens of the Bridge.
Folio xxxiii b-xxxv.
A proclamation for keeping the peace in the City; regulating divers trades; prescribing what foreigners may and may not do; fixing the price of poultry, wines, &c., forbidding forestalling, begging in the streets, and obstructing the streets with rubbish and authorizing any inhabitant of the City, being of good character and estate, to arrest rioters and misdoers, in the absence of the City's officers, and to commit them to the Compters until trial, &c. (fn. 9)
Writ appointing William Askham, the Mayor, William Gascoigne, William Thirnyng, John Cokayn, William Rikhill, and Thomas Thornburgh, or any five, four, three, or two (the Mayor being one), to be Commissioners for gaol-delivery of Newgate. Witness the King at Westminster, 12 November, 5 Henry IV. [A. D. 1403].
Folio xxxi b.
Writ notifying the Sheriffs that the Parliament which had been summoned to meet at Coventre on the 3rd Dec. next was to meet instead at Westminster on the morrow of St. Hillary [13 Jan.], (fn. 10) and bidding them see that four citizens be elected to attend the same. Witness the King at Westminster, 24 Nov., 5 Henry IV. [A. D. 1403].
Monday the Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 6 Henry IV. [A. D. 1404], in the presence of William Askham, the Mayor, Thomas Thornburgh, the Recorder, Robert the Prior of Holy Trinity, John Hadle, Richard Whityngtone, Thomas Knolles, John Fraunceys, John Shadworth, John Walcote, William Walderne, John Warner, William Venour, Robert Chichely, William Framelyngham, Thomas Fauconer, Thomas Polle, Geoffrey Broke, William Crowmere, Nicholas Wottone, Henry Pountfreyt and William Radewelle, Aldermen, William Louthe and Stephen Speleman, Commoners and Sheriffs, and an immense Commonalty summoned for the election of a Mayor, John Hende, Commoner (fn. 11) (co'arius), was elected Mayor for the year ensuing.
Letters patent appointing William Walderne, William Venour, John Oxeneye and Thomas Aleyn to levy two fifteenths and two tenths in the City, and to pay the same to Thomas de Furnevalle, Knt., and John Pelham, Knt., the Treasurers of War (fn. 12) Witness the King at Westminster, 19 Nov., 6 Henry IV. [A. D. 1404].
Folio xxxvi b.
Precept under the Mayoralty seal to the Aldermen to assess in their several Wards a sum equal to a fifteenth, and to bring the money into the Guildhall by the Feast of St. Thomas [21 Dec.] next, and further to hold their Wardmotes, and to present such defects as they may find by inquest and are not themselves able to correct to the Mayor's General Court to be held on Monday after the Feast of Epiphany (fn. 13) [6 Jan.], &c. Dated 9 Dec., 6 Henry IV. [A. D. 1404].
Letters patent appointing William Walderne, William Venour, John Oxeneye, Thomas Aleyn, and the Sheriffs to be Commissioners for inquiring as to what lords and ladies temporal and other temporal persons were liable to the land tax granted by the last Parliament—viz., 20s on every £20 of land and on rents of the yearly value of 500 marks and more (fn. 14) —and to levy the money and deliver the same to Thomas [Nevil] lord de Furnivall (fn. 15) (domino de Furnivall) and John Pelham, Knt., the Treasurers of War. Witness the King at Westminster, 19 Nov., 6 Henry IV. [A. D. 1404].
Letters patent granting that the sum of £733 6s. 8d. advanced to the King by the Mayor and Commonalty for raising the siege of the Castle of Coityf (fn. 16) in Wales shall be repaid out of the tenth granted by the last Parliament and due at Christmas next. Witness the King at Coventre, 18 Nov., 6 Henry IV. [A. D. 1404].
Proclamation to be made for every free man or woman of the City who has an apprentice, man or woman, not enrolled, to enrol him or her before the Chamberlain of the Guildhall by Christmas next, under penalty of losing their apprentice and of payment of a fine to the Chamber at the discretion of the Mayor and Aldermen, and that any one thenceforth taking an apprentice shall cause the same to be enrolled within the first year of the term, (fn. 17) under penalty aforesaid; also that no merchant stranger or alien to the liberties and franchises of the City shall sell any manner of merchandise that ought to be weighed unless the same be weighed at the Common Balance of the City, on pain of forfeiture, that no one wander about the City after 8 o'clock at night unless he be of good character and carry a light; that no one wear mask or vizor at Christmas, and that every house be lighted with a candle and lantern during the same festival, under penalty of a fine of 4 pence. [No date].
Letters patent appointing John Hende, the Mayor, William Gascoigne, William Thirnyng, John Cokayn, William Rikhill, Hugh Huls [Holes], and Thomas Thornburgh, or any six, five, four, three, or two (the Mayor being one), to be Commissioners for gaol-delivery of Neugate. Witness the King at Westminster, 22 Nov., 6 Henry IV. [A. D. 1404].
28 Jan., 1 Henry V. [A. D. 1413-14], John and Katherine, children of John Poynant, late fishmonger, having died under age, their property was delivered by Walter Palmer, fishmonger, their guardian, to their father's executors. (fn. 18)
Folio xxxvii b.
Statute enacted by the Parliament which commenced to sit at Coventry on the 6th Oct., 6 Henry IV. [A. D. 1404] (fn. 19)
Folio xxxviii b.
20 Nov., 6 Henry IV. [A. D. 1404], the guardianship of John, son of Richard Blomville, late "stokfisshmongere," together with his patrimony, committed by John Hende, the Mayor, and John Proffyt, the Chamberlain, to William Bryan, "stokfisshemonger," with whom the said orphan had been placed as apprentice, and John Pellycan, "stokfisshmongere." Sureties,viz., Richard Radewelle, Edmund Bys, Robert Mersk, Henry Prestone, and John Burgeys, "stokfisshmongers".
26 Nov., 6 Henry IV. [A. D. 1404], came John Yonge, fishmonger, who married the widow of Edmund Olyver, "stokfisshmonger," and delivered to John Proffyt, the Chamberlain of the Guildhall, the sum of 20 marks, bequeathed by the said Edmund to Edmund, son of Thomas, son of the aforesaid Edmund.
Afterwards, viz., on the 26th April, 6 Henry IV. [A. D. 1405], the above money was delivered by the Chamberlain to the above John Yonge, (fn. 20) in trust for the said orphan. Sureties, viz., Nicholas Turk and William Russell, fishmongers.
Afterwards, viz., on the 1st Dec., 1 Henry V. [A. D. 1413], the above orphan having died under age, the money was delivered to the above John Yonge and Johanna his wife to dispose of according to the will of the orphan's grandfather.
1 Dec., 6 Henry IV. [A. D. 1404], William Chambre, fishmonger, executor of John Poynant, late fishmonger, delivered to John Proffyt, the Chamberlain, the sum of £20 in trust for John and Katherine, children of the aforesaid John Poynant.
Afterwards, viz., on the 30th Jan., 6 Henry IV. [A. D. 1404-5], the guardianship of the said John and Katherine, together with their chattels and a piece of silver plate with covercle belonging to Nicholas, another son of the aforesaid John Poynant, was committed by John Hende, the Mayor, and the Chamberlain, to Walter Palmer, fishmonger. Sureties, viz., Richard Style, junior, and John Stachisden, fishmongers. (fn. 21)
10 March, 6 Henry IV. [A. D. 1404-5], the guardianship of Alice, daughter of John "Hardewyk," late haberdasher, and of Isabella, (fn. 22) bastard daughter of the same, together with their money and chattels, committed to John Frensshe, goldsmith, who married Katherine, widow and executrix of John Hardewyk. Sureties, viz., William Pevere and John Mapelisdene, senior, goldsmiths.
Monday, 9 March, 6 Henry IV. [A. D. 1404-5], in the presence of John Hende, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Common Council, certain articles were submitted for approval on behalf of the Commonalty by John Weston, the Common Serjeant of the City, to the following effect :—
Folio xxxix b.
That no merchant strange to the franchise of the City sell any goods within the franchise to another merchant stranger, nor shall such merchant stranger buy goods of another merchant stranger under penalty of forfeiture of such goods, saving the privileges of the King's lieges of Guyene; so that such purchase and sale be always made between merchant and merchant, any ordinance made by the City to the contrary notwithstanding.
Also if any forfeitures be espied or taken by the Masters of any mistery of the City which appertains to the same mistery, that then one-fourth of the fine made for such forfeiture shall remain to the use of the said Masters who have espied or taken such forfeiture for their trouble, and the remainder of the fine shall go to the Chamber of the Guildhall to the use of the Commonalty.
Also that the Masters of the mistery of Drapers and their successors shall have power to elect an able, wise, and sufficient person, for whom they are willing to answer, to provide and see that all kinds of woollen cloth brought by merchants foreign or strange to the seld of Bakwelhalle for sale be there surely and safely guarded, sold, and bought according to the franchise and liberties of the City, and to present the said person to the Mayor and Aldermen for the time being, to be by them accepted and sworn to faithfully observe the oath which he shall take And if such person fail in his duties he shall be removed from office by the Mayor and Aldermen for the time being, who shall charge the Masters of the said mistery of Drapers to elect another in his place; so that the election and presentation of a Keeper of Bakwellhalle shall always be by the said Masters and their successors, and his admission, confirmation, and removal be in the power and disposition of the Mayor and Aldermen.
The oath of the Keeper of the Seld of Bakwelhalle. (French. (fn. 23) )
Tuesday the eve of the Assumption B. M. [15 Aug.], 6 Henry IV. [A. D. 1405], proclamation made, with the assent of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Council, to the effect that no foreigner or stranger bringing woollen cloth to the City for sale shall warehouse, expose, or sell it anywhere except at Bakwelhalle under penalty of forfeiture; that no foreigner or stranger shall sell or put to sale such cloth at Bakwelhalle, except between 11 A. M. on Thursday in each week, and 11 A. M. on Saturday, under penalty of forfeiture; and that foreign and strange drapers only bring to the said Hall entire cloths, and half-cloths, listed at both ends, under penalty of forfeiture. (fn. 24)
Also that no one enfranchised of the City shall cover (coevere) the goods or merchandise of any foreigner or stranger, (fn. 25) nor buy any manner of merchandise within the franchise of the City to the use and profit of any foreigner or stranger, under penalty of forfeiture of the merchandise and disfranchisement.
27 March, 6 Henry IV. [A. D. 1405], a bond in the sum of £1,000 entered into before the Mayor and Aldermen by Henry Hert, draper, as well as by William Crowmere, William Nortone, Philip Bangor, Richard Eltone, Thomas Coleworth, John Somer, Robert Twyer, Roger Colneye, Thomas Symond, Richard Coroner, Robert Bamburgh, John Longele, John Davy, John Wyott, and Stephen Bugge, drapers, for the due execution of the office of Keeper of the Seld at Bakwelhalle, to which the said Henry Hert had been elected by the Mistery of Drapers, and been admitted and sworn by the Mayor and Aldermen. (fn. 26)
Folio xl b.
Precept to the Aldermen to assess and levy in their several Wards a sum equal to half a fifteenth on all inhabitants, lay and ecclesiastical, and to bring the money to the Guildhall on the eve of Pentecost [7 June]. Dated 14 May, 6 Henry IV. [A. D. 1405].
28 April, 6 Henry IV. [A. D. 1405], the sum of £200 which Hugh Clerk, mercer, had formerly delivered to John Profyt, the Chamberlain, in trust for his son Thomas, was re-delivered to the said Hugh to hold under similar trust. Sureties, viz., John Crowchere, vintner, and Robert Brendewode, salter. At the same time the guardianship of the person of the said Thomas was committed to Thomas Charletone.