Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: K, Henry VI. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1911.
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Acquittance under the Mayoralty seal for the sum of 50 marks received from John de Burneux, merchant of Amiens, pursuant to the "composition" made between the City of London and merchants of Amiens, Corby, and Neel. (fn. 1) Dated 25 Aug., A.D. 1424.
Letter from the Mayor and Aldermen to the Duke of Bedford congratulating him upon his "cronicable and victoriouse exploit" at "Vermeil on Perche." [No date.] (fn. 2)
Folio. 21 b.
Writ to the Sheriff of Middlesex (fn. 3) that he cause the following statute made in the last Parliament to be proclaimed within his bailiwick. Witness the King at Westminster, 12 July, 2 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424].
Ordinance for the removal of engines called "Triinkes" fastened or anchored in the Thames and other rivers, as they destroyed the fry of fish, but allowing the use of the same engines when drawn by hand, at suitable seasons, and not fixed.
Writ to the Mayor that he cause all nets called "Trynkes" and others with too small meshes, &c., to be removed from the Thames within the City's jurisdiction pursuant to an order made in the Parliament held anno 9 Henry V. (fn. 4) and the statute made anno 1 Henry VI. Witness the King at Westminster, 4 Sept., 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424].
Thursday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424], in the presence of William Crowmere, the Mayor, John. Fray, the Recorder, Henry Bartone, William Sevenoke, William Cauntbrige, John Michell, John Reynwell, John Coventre, John Perneis, Ralph Bartone, John Welles, Robert Tatersalle, Simon Seman, William Estfeld, and Nicholas James, Aldermen, and very many Commoners summoned to the Guildhall for the election of Sheriffs, Simon Seman, vintner, was elected one of the Sheriffs by the Mayor, and John Bithewater was elected the other Sheriff by the Commonalty for the year ensuing.
The same day John Bederendene, draper, was elected Chamberlain, and Robert Colbroke, "irmonger," and John Trimnell, mercer, were elected Wardens of London Bridge; also John Coventre and Robert Whitingham, Aldermen, John Bacon, grocer, Thomas Boteler, fishmonger, John Higham, draper, and William Milreth, mercer, Commoners, were elected Auditors of the accounts of the said Chamberlain and Wardens.
Afterwards, viz., on the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], the said Sheriffs were sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow of the said Feast were presented and admitted before the Barons of the Exchequer, &c.
Writ to the Mayor and Aldermen to search the City's records to see if there be any immemorial custom that if a citizen devise his tenement to be sold by his executors or their executors, the successive executors can sell the same and give a good estate therein to the purchasers, or otherwise; (fn. 5) and to make a return thereon to the Justices at Westminster within three weeks of Michaelmas, inasmuch as the question had arisen in a plea at Westminster between Margaret, late wife of John Philipot, Knt., John Boys, Knt., and Thomasia his wife, John Whattone and Agnes his wife, John Gray, Margaret St. Germayn, and Thomasia St. Germayn, plaintiffs, and William Brounyng of London, "skynner," for breaking into their house. Witness William Babyngtone (fn. 6) at Westminster, 9 Oct., 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424].
23 Oct., 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424], came John Essex, cordwainer, executor of William Jon, brewer, into the Chamber of the Guildhall and delivered to John Bederenden, the Chamber lain, the sum of 20 marks in trust for John and John, sons of the said William. (fn. 7)
Folio. 22 b.
Friday the Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424], after mass in the chapel of the Guildhall, in the presence of William Croumere, the Mayor, the Prior of Christchurch, John Fray, the Recorder, Thomas Knolles, Robert Chicheley, Nicholas Wotton, Henry Barton, William Sevenoke, William Cauntbrigge, John Michell, John Reynwelle, John Gedney, John Coventre, Ralph Bartone, John Perneys, Robert Tatersall, John Wellis, Richard Gosselyn, Robert Wydyngtone, William Estfeld, Simon Seman, Nicholas James, John Bithewater, and Henry Frowyk, Aldermen, and an immense Commonalty summoned to the Guildhall for the election of a Mayor for the year ensuing, John Michell was elected. Afterwards, viz., on the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], he was sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow was presented, admitted, and accepted, &c. [sic], before the Barons of the Exchequer.
8 Oct., 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424], ordinance by William Crowmere, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Commonalty that the former ordinances regulating alien brokers made during the Mayoralty of Robert Chichele, and entered in Letter-Book I, fos. cclxxv-cclxxvi, be duly observed, with the addition that at Michaelmas in every year there shall be elected by the Mayor and Aldermen twelve free and loyal men of the City, more or less, to be admitted as Brokers and sworn, they giving surety to the Chamberlain of the City for the time being, and that no one except those elected shall meddle with brokerage.
The Feast of the Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424], in consideration of the great and increasing expenses incurred by the Mayors of that time in comparison with Mayors of former days, it was ordained by William Crowmere, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Commonalty, in their Common Council assembled for the election of a Mayor, that no one who had been, or thenceforth should have been, Mayor of the City should be again admitted to the office of Mayor until after the lapse of full seven years from his last Mayoralty. (fn. 8)
Recital of a petition [hereunto annexed], having been presented in the Parliament held at Westminster, anno 11 Henry IV., (fn. 9) touching certain prises and customs of wine of which the King was being defrauded, and of the Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen having been summoned before the said Parliament and made to show their liberty and franchise, whereby they claimed that every Mayor during his year of office could make six men free of the City, (fn. 10) by which liberty, as also by the fact that many others became freemen by redemption, the King was deprived of his prises and customs. Whereupon it had been ordained that thenceforth all those who were enfranchised by the Mayor by prayer (par prier) or redemption should pay the prises and customs due to the King for their wine just as though they had not been enfranchised, under penalty of forfeiture, and that the Mayor for the time being should be sworn at the Exchequer to maintain the said ordinance in all particulars. The said ordinance, however, not having been observed, the King and Parliament are desired to provide a remedy.
Inspeximus of petition made by Thomas Chaucer, the King's Chief Butler, in the Parliament held at Westminster, anno 11 Henry IV., setting forth that from time immemorial the Kings of England had enjoyed their prises of wine in every English Port, saving the Port of London and the Cinque Ports, which were exempt, on the understanding that such exemption applied only to those who permanently resided therein; but that now, and for a long time past, any foreigner who wished to become a freeman of the City could obtain the freedom for a small sum by applying to the Mayor, the Chamberlain, or the Masters of some Mistery, as if he were a continual resident in the City, although he belong to some other town or borough of England, whereby the King is defrauded of his dues and customs-he prayed Parliament therefore to ask the King and his Council to send for the Mayor and Aldermen and command them and the Masters of the various Misteries to cease from granting the franchise to foreigners, under penalty of forfeiture of the City's franchise. To which the King had replied that he would send for the Mayor and Aldermen, and had further declared, by the advice of the lords of Parliament, that no one should enjoy the franchise unless he were a citizen resident within the City, and that all others resident in other cities, boroughs, and towns should have and enjoy the franchise granted to them. (fn. 11) Witness the King at Westminster, 20 Oct. 14 [Henry IV.].
Fos. 23 b-25b, 35 b.
The statute passed in the Parliament held at Westminster, 20 Oct., 2 Henry VI. [A.D. 1423]. (fn. 12)
The guardianship of John and John, sons of [William "John"] together with their patrimony, committed by John Michell, the Mayor, and the Aldermen to John Essex, cordwainer, who married Alice, the orphans' mother, for a term of ten years. (fn. 13) Sureties, viz., Simon Sewale, saddler, William Rauf, gent., and William Belle, brewer (pandoxator). [No date.]
Precept to the Aldermen to hold their several Wardmotes, and to make a return of such matters as they themselves are unable to correct to the Mayor's General Court, to be held on Monday after the Epiphany [6 Jan.]; also to cause a certain number of persons to be elected to the Common Council, armed watches to be set, &c. Dated 12 Dec.
Folio. 27 b.
Friday, 10 Nov., 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424], ordinance by John Michell, the Mayor, Thomas Knolles, Robert Chichele, William Crowmere, Nicholas Wottone, Henry Bartone, William Sevenoke, William Cauntbrigge, John Reynwelle, Robert Tatersalle, Ralph Bartone, John Perneys, John Coventre, John Gedney, John Welles, Nicholas James, William Estfeld, Richard Gosselyn, and Henry Frowyk, Aldermen, and Simon Seman and John Bithewater, Sheriffs, to the effect that Masters of the faculty of Surgery in the Mistery of Barbers of the City shall exercise the said faculty as fully as they did in the days of Thomas Fauconer, late Mayor, and other Mayors, notwithstanding the claim (calumpnia) which the Rector and Surveyors of Physicians and the Masters of Surgery now newly impose upon the said Barbers by virtue of a certain ordinance made during the Mayoralty of William Walderne, and entered supra, folios. 6 [b]. (fn. 14)
Friday, 10 Nov., 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424], ordinance by John Michell, the Mayor, Thomas Knolles, Robert Chichele, William Crowmere, Nicholas Wottone, Henry Bartone, William Sevenoke, William Cauntbrigge, John Reinwelle, Robert Tatersall, Ralph Bartone, John Perneis, John Coventre, John Gedney, John Wellis, Nicholas James, Richard Gosselyn, William Estfeld, and Henry Frowyk, Aldermen, and Simon Seman and John Bithewater, Sheriffs, to the effect that thenceforth the men of the Mistery of Fusters should exercise the scrutiny of all fusts or wood for saddles (omnium fustorum sive lignorum pro sellis ordinatorum), by six men of the Mistery elected for that purpose and sworn in Court, in accordance with the form and equity of a certain ordinance recorded in Letter-Book C, folios. ccii (fn. 15) (notwithstanding any claim imposed upon them by the Saddlers of London by virtue of a certain royal charter touching the using of saddlery throughout the realm), and entered in the Husting for Common Pleas held on Monday after the Feast of St. Peter in Cathedra [22 Feb.], 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1372-3]. (fn. 16) Provided always that the said six persons shall not make their scrutiny without the Serjeant of the Mayor or Chamber specially assigned for the purpose. The Masters and good men of the Mistery of Saddlers are forbidden to bring foreign fusters to make fusts (fuistas) into the City, &c.
14 Jan., 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424-5], came John Salman, "malemaker," (fn. 17) before John Michell, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and showed that whereas he had been admitted to the freedom of the City in the Mistery of Malemakers temp. Drew Barantyn, Mayor, viz., on the 7th Oct., 11 Henry IV. [A.D. 1409], he had long since used, and was still using, the Mistery of Lethersellers and not that of Malemakers. He therefore prayed to be admitted to the freedom of the City in the Mistery of Lethersellers. His prayer granted at the instance of the Masters and good men of the said Mistery.
Folio. 28 b.
16 Dec., 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424], ordinance by John Michell, the Mayor, Robert Chichele, William Crowmere, Nicholas Wottone, William Sevenok, John Reynwell, John Coventre, John Gedney, Ralph Bartone, Robert Tatersale, John Welles, Nicholas Jamys, William Estfeld, Simon Seman, and Henry Frowyk [Aldermen], that Thomas Botiller, one of the Mayor's Serjeants, shall receive yearly the same fee as other of the Mayor's Serjeants, so long as he behave himself well in that office.
6 Nov., 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424], Robert Leversegge and John Sparke, "taillour," attached to answer a charge brought against them by Alexander Anne, the Common Serjeant-at-law of the City, of having forged an assignment called Debentur, similar to a true assignment which John Grymesbi had received in respect of money due to him out of the Wardrobe (fn. 18) of the late King Henry IV. for divers furs. The defendants said they were not guilty, and put themselves on the country for good or evil. A jury sworn, who find them not guilty. Therefore let them go quit, &c.
Letters patent reciting a grant made by the King to John Coventre, John Carpenter, John White, and William Grove, executors of Richard Whityngtone, late citizen and mercer, allowing them to pull down the gaol and gate of Neugate and to build another gaol with the goods of the said Richard, and also to remove the prisoners therein to some other fitting place in the meanwhile, which prisoners had accordingly been removed to the Sheriffs' Compters-and nominating John Michell, the Mayor, William "Cheine," William Babyngtone, John Juyn, Robert Tirwhit, John Hals, John Cokayn, John Prestone, John Martyn, and John Fray, or any nine, eight, seven, six, five, four, three, or two (the Mayor being one), to be Commissioners for delivery of such prisons. Witness the King at Westminster, 26 Jan., 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424-5].
Folio. 29 b.
6 March, 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424-5], came John St. John, "lynge armurer," before John Michell, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, in the Chamber of the Guildhall, and showed that whereas he had been admitted to the freedom of the City in the art of "Lynge Armurers" (fn. 19) on the 17th July, 3 Henry IV. [A.D. 1402], he had long since been using the mistery or art of Drapers, as the Masters and other good men of the Mistery of "Lynge Armurers" testified. He therefore prayed to be admitted to the freedom of the City in the art of Drapers. His prayer granted.
Richard Segrym, "hurer," attached to answer a charge of having caused 32 caps called "nyghtcappes" to be fulled at a mill contrary to the ordinance. The said Richard denied the charge and claimed a jury. On Friday the 9th Feb. [3 Henry VI.] the jurors, viz., Stephen Roo, Richard Flete, Thomas Kyng, John Smyth, John atte Wode, Simon Wayte, Robert Brantham, Simon Wastell, John Valentyn, Robert Billyngey, Thomas Lynne, Thomas Taillour, Richard Bernard, and Thomas Wottone, cappers, find that the said caps were unlawfully fulled at a mill. The Mayor and Aldermen thereupon adjudged the caps to be forfeited, and the said Richard to pay 6s. 8d. to the Commonalty.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation in the next Husting of a Parliament to be held at Westminster on the 30th April next, and to cause four discreet and sufficient citizens to be elected to attend the same; and further to return the names of the elected and the electors in indentures according to statute. No Sheriff to be returned. Witness the King at Westminster, 24 Feb., 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424-5]. (fn. 20)
Precept to the Aldermen to set an armed watch in their several Wards on the nights and eves of St. John Bapt. [24 June] and SS. Peter and Paul [29 June], and take the usual precautions against fire. Dated 12 June, 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1425].
16 May, 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1425], grant by John Michell, Mayor, and the Aldermen to John Hermondesworth, Abbot of the monastery of St. Peter de Certesey, (fn. 21) of a parcel of land of the common soil of the Thames, lying in the parish of St. Peter near Pouleswharf, near the river shore, whereon to build a wharf; to hold the same to his and his successors for ever on payment of 20s. to John Bederenden, the Chamberlain of the Guildhall, to the use of the Commonalty.
[Masters of Misteries sworn.]
Folio. 30 b.
10 June, 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1425], the guardianship of John, William, Alice, and Johanna, children of Baldwin Laurence, baker, together with their patrimony, committed by John Michell, the Mayor, and the Aldermen to Matilda, late wife of the said Baldwin and mother of the said orphans, for a term of five years. (fn. 22) Sureties, viz., John Melbourne, grocer, Robert Stratford, fishmonger, and John Hoke, "couper".
10 July, 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1425], the guardianship of William, Agnes, and Matilda, children of Hugh Birches, late draper, together with their patrimony, committed by John Michell, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and John Bederenden, the Chamberlain, to John Quyntone, grocer, who married Margery, late wife of the said Hugh, for a term of five years, if the said orphans so long live and are not married. Sureties, viz., Thomas Knolles, junior, Thomas Oxney, grocer, and John Goldhauk, draper.