Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: K, Henry VI. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1911.
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Writ to the Mayor, jurats, and inhabitants of the King's city of Bayonne in his duchy of Aquitaine forbidding them to exact toll from merchants of London. Witness the King at Westminster, 18 February, 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428-9].
Folio 61 b.
Letters patent confirming to merchants of Holland and Zealand the right to traffic freely in England. Dated at Westminster, 1 July, 6 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428]. (fn. 1)
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to admit Thomas Haseley as deputy to Thomas Chaucer, the King's Butler, and ex officio Coroner of the City. Witness the King at Westminster, 12 March, 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428-9].
Letters patent confirming to merchants of Flanders the right to traffic freely in England. Dated at Westminster, 1 July, 6 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428]. (fn. 2)
Folio 62 b.
Writ for the election of four citizens to attend a Parliament to be held at Westminster on the quinzaine of St. Michael [29 Sept.]. No Sheriff to be returned. Witness the King at Westminster, 12 July, 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1429]. (fn. 3)
20 Oct., 8 Henry VI. [A.D. 1429], came Henry Hemptone, mercer, who married Margaret, daughter of Margaret, wife of Elias Cliderowe, late mercer, before Henry Bartone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and acknowledged satisfaction for his wife's property. (fn. 4)
2 March, 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428-9], the guardianship of John senior, John junior, and Thomas, sons of Walter Colrede, late girdler, together with their property, committed by Henry Bartone, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and John Bederendene, the Chamberlain, to William Wodeward, haberdasher, for a term of five years. Sureties for William Wodeward, viz., Richard Polhille, skinner, John Northey, poulterer, John Spenser, taverner (pandoxator), and John Worshope, painter. Surety for the said orphans not being apprenticed or married without consent of the Mayor and Aldermen, viz., John Lee, girdler.
10 Dec., 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428], came William Broun, John Newenton, and Thomas Belgrave, Wardens of the Mistery of Cutlers, before Henry Bartone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and presented a baselard harnessed with silver of false alloy found in the house of John "Hoke" of the said Mistery. The said John Hoke acknowledged his guilt, and put himself on the Court's favour. Thereupon it was adjudged, pursuant to ordinance recorded in Letter-Book F, fo. xc [b], (fn. 5) that the said John for this his first offence should pay to the Chamber 40 pence, and be committed to prison in default.
Afterwards, viz., on the 3rd Jan., 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428-9], the above John was presented the second time with two bars (stipis) of silver of false alloy for harnessing a girdle, (fn. 6) and being convicted was condemned to pay 6s. 8d to the Chamber, and be committed to prison in default.
Afterwards, viz., on the 3rd Jan., 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428-9], the above John was presented with two lockets (lokettis), &c., of silver of false alloy for harnessing a baselard belonging to John Howys, a cutler, and being convicted was condemned to pay 10s. to the Chamber, and be committed to prison in default.
13 Aug., 14 Henry VI. [A.D. 1436], came John Colrede senior, now of full age, before Henry Frowik, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and acknowledged he had received from John Chichele, the Chamberlain, the money due to him from his late father and John his brother.
Folio 63 b.
"Right high and right myghty Prince We recomande us to yor gracieux lordship in þe most humble maner we konne or may Beseching mekely fro the deppest of our hertes that it please you to be our good and gracieux lord at þis time in tharticle of our grete necessite as ye have ben ever here to fore in alle caases of your high grace only & not our merit Of which necessite our wel be loved Concitein William Rider (fn. 7) presenter of þese simple lettres yef it like yor high lordship shal enforme you For after our sov'aign lord þer nys no persone in erthe þt us ought or semeth so tristily to seke un to for grace and socour in tyme of nede as unto you in your gracieux lordship which god of his endlesse m'cy kepe & preserve in all honure and joye to his plesanche and our singler confort Writen &c." [No date.]
12 Jan., 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428-9], the articles passed temp. John de Bernes, Mayor, anno 45 Edward III., and enrolled in Letter-Book G, fo. cclxvi [b], forbidding men of the several Misteries of Bowyers and Flecchers from intermeddling with each other, now amended to the extent of allowing men of either Mistery to buy or sell wholesale that which appertains to the other Mistery, but not to intermeddle in retail dealings or manufacture. Further, that such things as bows, arquebusses, &c., shall be subject to the survey of the Bowyers, whilst feathers (pennes), flecches, settes, petils, (fn. 8) and wood for making them, shall be subject to the survey of the Flecchers, and not otherwise.
23 March, 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428-9], came Henry Grene, William Middelcote, and John de York, "bruers," and mainprised Peter Hope, "dauber," for properly conducting the stew he held for men in Secollane, in the parish of St. Sepulchre without Neugate, and not permitting any washerwoman to enter the stew, but keeping it for the stewing of good and respectable men. The said mainpernors and Peter Hope entered into bond with John Bederenden, the Chamberlain, in the sum of £20 to that effect.
6 April, 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1429], a similar bond entered into by John Savy, "dier," Thomas Tirell, "sadiller," John Hunt, cordwainer, and Simon Frank, fishmonger, for the proper conduct of a stew held by Thomas Warwyk, "wodemonger," at "Venureswharf," (fn. 9) in the parish of St. Mary Somerset.
10 March, 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428-9], John Twyner of Croydon, "colier," charged before Henry Bartone, the Mayor, John Simond, the Recorder, William Crowmere, William Caumbrigge, John Michell, John Gedney, Robert Tatersale, Thomas Wandesford, John Brokle, and Robert Otteley, Aldermen, with selling coal in sacks of deficient capacity. He confessed his guilt, and was condemned to stand on the pillory for an hour whilst the sacks were burnt beneath him.
Precept to the Aldermen to provide an armed watch in their several Wards on the two nights and vigils of St. John the Baptist [24 June] and SS. Peter and Paul [29 June], according to ancient custom, and further to order that a vessel of water be set before every house as a precaution against fire. Dated 6 June, 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1429].
Folio 64 b.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs that they allow clothworkers (operarii pannorum) from foreign parts to enjoy the divers liberties and acquittances they have been accustomed to enjoy under their charters, which are now confirmed. Witness the King at Westminster, 18 ...... (fn. 10), 7 Henry VI.
Return to the above by Henry Bartone, the Mayor, and John Abbot and Thomas Duffehous, the Sheriffs, to the effect that before the receipt of the writ foreign clothworkers had hitherto been permitted, and would in future still be permitted, to enjoy their liberties and acquittances in the City and suburbs.
Writ to the Mayor, the King's Escheator, to bring up Richard, son and heir of Margaret, late wife of William Walderne, before the King's Chancery by the octave of Holy Trinity [22 May] next. Witness the King at Westminster, 10 May, 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1429].
Return made by Henry Bartone, the Mayor, to the above, setting out the custom of the City relating to orphans, (fn. 11) and stating that inasmuch as the above William Walderne was a freeman of the City at the time of his death, leaving a widow and his son Richard under age, the property coming to the said son was immediately taken into the custody of the City; and on the marriage of the widow to John Roys the same was transferred to his custody until the said Richard should come of age, according to the custom of the City. The present Mayor had never had the custody of the said orphan, and on that account could not execute the writ.
Writ of error to the Mayor and Sheriffs touching an action for trespass brought by John Priour of Sandwich, "chapman," against John Whelere of Sandwich, "peutrer." The matter must be reconsidered at the next Husting and justice done. Witness the King at Westminster, 12 April, 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1429].
Return made to the above writ by Henry Bartone, the Mayor, John Abbot and Thomas Duffehous, the Sheriffs, setting forth the custom of the City in proceedings on writs in error, and stating that they are unable to discharge John Wheler from custody owing to his not having given security to the amount in which he was condemned.
Folio 65 b.
Names of Masters of divers Misteries sworn anno 7 Henry VI.
Barbers: Simon Poule, John Daltone, John Purchas, Simon Rolf, Richard Welles, sworn 9 Sept., 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428], to survey the mistery and all those practising the said mistery as well as the faculty of Surgery in the same.
Folio 66 b.
De resoluco'e et securitate v m (fn. 12) marcar' d'no Regi apprestit'.
Writ to the Collectors of the subsidy on wool, leather, and woolfells in the Port of the City of London, bidding them to hand over one part of the seal called "coket" (fn. 12) to the Mayor and Commonalty, to be held by them until the sum of 5,000 marks lent by the City to the King shall have been repaid out of the customs. Witness the King at Westminster, 6 July, 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1429].
"The Mair chargeth and commaundeth on þe Kynges behalf þt all maner of men of what degre or estate þt þey ben þt are withholde with the worshipfull and worthi Fader in god þe Cardinal of Engelond (fn. 13) or ony oþr lord knyght or skwier in his name apparealle and make theym redy in al hast for to be with hym in þeir best aray at þeir Mouster on Berham Downe (fn. 14) on Monday þt next cometh at nono [sic] at the ferthest on peyne of enprisonment of þeir bodies þt after þt tyme be founde here in eny wise." [No date.]
Writ to the Sheriffs of London to make proclamation to the effect that all persons wishing to traffic or fish in the land of Denmark should go to the town of "Norbarn" and no longer to "Fynmark" or elsewhere in that country, the Staple having been established by the King of Denmark at the said town. Witness the King at Westminster, 13 May, 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1429]. (fn. 15)
Acquittance under the Mayoralty seal by Henry Bartone, the Mayor, for the sum of 50 marks paid by Simonet Quinert, on behalf of John Doucet, merchant of Amiens, in respect of the "composition" made between the City of London and the towns of Amiens, Corby, and Neel. Dated 6 Sept., A.D. 1429.
6 Sept., 8 Henry VI. [A.D. 1429], William Rider, fishmonger, discharged by Henry Bartone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., for the assistance he lately rendered in obtaining corn from Normandy in a time of scarceness. (fn. 16)
Folio 67 b.
28 June, 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1429], the guardianship of Agnes, daughter of Thomas atte Wode, late hurer, (fn. 17) together with her patrimony, committed by Henry Bartone, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and John Bederenden, the Chamberlain, to John Wyvirtone, fishmonger, who married Johanna, the orphan's mother. Sureties, viz., Richard Danyel, Robert Marcheford, John Ropley and John Garlond.
Afterwards, viz., on the 11th August, 8 Henry VI. [A.D. 1430], the said Agnes having died under age, came Robert Holand and William Aunger, executors of the above Thomas, and asked that the orphan's money might be delivered to them to be disposed of according to the will of the said Thomas.
Writ to the Sheriffs for the election of four citizens to attend a Parliament to be held at Westminster on the morrow of the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.]. (fn. 18) No Sheriff to be returned. Witness the King at Westminster, 3 Aug., 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1429].
Letter from John, Duke of Bedford, Regent of France, to Charles de Valois, formerly called Dauphin de Viennois, and now wrongfully called King, in opposition to the writer's sovereign lord Henry, the true, natural, and legitimate King of France and of England, complaining of his having occupied with his forces towns and castles rightly belonging to the said Henry, and of his deceiving superstitious people by the aid of a dissolute woman disguised as a man, (fn. 19) and also of an apostate mendicant friar. (fn. 20) He bids Charles to make peace with him, or meet him in battle, as becomes a Prince. Dated at "Mortereau ou soure Dyonne," (fn. 21) 7 Aug., A.D. 1429.
Folio 68 b.
12 Aug., 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1429], ordinance by Henry Bartone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, to put a stop to the City's representatives in Parliament appropriating more cloth and fur at the City's expense than they ought. The same confirmed on the 29th Aug. by the Common Council. (fn. 22)
27 May [A.D. 1430], ordinance by William Estfeld, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, that thenceforth from the beginning of May until the beginning of October butter should be sold at eight ounces for a halfpenny, and from the beginning of October until the beginning of May at six ounces for a halfpenny, and not otherwise, on pain of forfeiture of the said butter for the use of poor prisoners of the City, and of fine and imprisonment at the discretion of the Mayor and Aldermen. [English.]
Letter under the seal of the Mayoralty from Henry Bartone, the Mayor, and John Abbot and Thomas Dufhouse, the Sheriffs, to William [Grey], Bishop of London, presenting Master Thomas Marchaunt, a student in the University of Cambridge, for admission as Rector of the Church of St. Peter upon Cornhill, in place of Sir John Whitby, deceased. Dated 12 Sept., A.D. 1429.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs and Collectors of custom and subsidies in the Port of the City, prescribing the manner in which they are thenceforth to carry out their duties. Witness the King at Westminster, 16 Nov., 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428].
Folio 69 b.
Wednesday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 8 Henry VI. [A.D. 1429], in the presence of Henry Bartone, the Mayor, John Symond the Recorder, John Gedney, William Caumbrige, Thomas Fauconer, John Welles, Simon Seman, William Estfeld, Henry Frowyk, John Brokle, Ralph Bartone, Robert Otteley, Stephen Broun, and Robert Large, Aldermen, and very many Commoners summoned to the Guildhall for the election of Sheriffs, William Russe, goldsmith, was elected one of the Sheriffs by the Mayor, and Ralph Holand was elected the other Sheriff by the Commonalty.
The same day, John Bederenden was elected Chamberlain; Robert Colbroke, "irmonger," and William Trymnell, were elected Wardens of London Bridge; John Brokle and Henry Frowyk, Aldermen, Walter Chartesey, John Pake, John Olney, and William Gregory, Commoners, were elected Auditors of the accounts of the said Chamberlain and Wardens.
Afterwards, on the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], the said Sheriffs were sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow of the said Feast were presented, admitted, accepted, &c., before the Barons of the Exchequer.
Royal proclamation for all those who ought to do service at the King's coronation on Sunday next after the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov.] to repair to the Duke of Gloucester, the King's uncle, and Steward of England assigned for the time of the said coronation, in the Painted Chamber at Westminster, on the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], and make their claim.
Thursday the Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 8 Henry VI. [A.D. 1429], after Mass in the Guildhall Chapel, in the presence of Henry Bartone, the Mayor, the Prior of Christchurch, John Symond the Recorder, Thomas Knolles, William Crowmere, Thomas Fauconer, William Cauntbrige, John Michel, John Gedney, John Welles, Ralph Bartone, Simon Seman, William Estfeld, Henry Frowyk, Thomas Wandisford, Robert Ottele, John Brokle, John Pattesle, Stephen Broun, Robert Large, Aldermen, and an immense Commonalty summoned to the Guildhall for the election of a Mayor for the year ensuing-William Estfeld was elected.
Nicholas Martyn of London, "brocour," and Richard Janyn of "Cicestre," merchant, charged before Henry Bartone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, in the Chamber of the Guildhall, with having, in July, 1429, forged a bond whereby William Bramptone and Robert Bramptone of "Shesterfield," (fn. 23) co. Derby, merchants, purported to be bound to the King and to Master Robert Dixson, clerk, and Andrew Towtyng, stockfishmonger, Collectors of the King's customs in the port of Boston, (fn. 24) in the sum of £63 15s. 9d., and with having negotiated the same with John Hatherley, "irmonger," of London, for goods. They say that they are not guilty, and put themselves on the country. The jury find Nicholas Martyn to be guilty, and he is condemned to stand on the pillory. The jury find Richard Janyn not guilty, and he is acquitted.
Be it remembered that now, to wit on the Feast of the Apostles Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], in the eighth year of the reign of King Henry the Sixth after the conquest [A.D. 1429], there came to Westminster before the illustrious Prince Sir Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, &c., Steward of England, the Mayor, Aldermen, Sheriffs, and citizens of London, claiming by word of mouth through the Recorder of the said City, according to the liberties and customs of the City aforesaid, that the said Mayor, by virtue of his office of the Mayoralty, may serve in his own person the lord the King, on the day of his coronation, as well in the hall at his dinner as after dinner in the Chamber for spices (ad species), (fn. 25) for a reward of a royal cup of gold, (fn. 26) and when he retires from the feast of the said lord the King may have and carry away with him the said cup together with a ewer (aquarium) of gold for his fee; and that other citizens who should be elected for the purpose by the City aforesaid may serve on that day magnates and others in the office of butler, in aid of the Chief Butler, (fn. 27) as well at table in the hall during dinner as after dinner in the Chamber, and that the said Aldermen, Sheriffs, and Recorder may sit on the said day of coronation during dinner at the principal table on the left side of the hall of the said lord the King. They pray to be allowed to render the said services and to obtain their seats, and also to carry away the fee in manner aforesaid, as the Mayors, Aldermen, Sheriffs, and citizens of the said City their predecessors hitherto have been accustomed from time, &c.
Folio 70 b.
Petition by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commons to the King that every free person (persone) of the City may put his son or daughter as apprentice with any free man (homme) of the same; also that every free man of the City may take as apprentice the son or daughter of any such person, notwithstanding an article of a statute made at Westminster, anno 7 Henry IV., to the effect that no man nor woman shall place their son or daughter as apprentice in any city or town unless they [i.e., the parents] have land or rent to the value of 20s. by the year, and that no apprentice be received otherwise. (fn. 28)
Precept to the Aldermen to hold their Wardmotes and to refer such matters as they were themselves unable to remedy to the General Court, to be held on Monday after the Epiphany; further, to take precautions against disturbances, to levy fines on defaulters for the use of the Guildhall, and to cause a certain number of each Ward to be elected to the Common Council, &c. Dated 3 Dec., 8 Henry VI. [A.D. 1429].