A Survey of Documentary Sources for Property Holding in London before the Great Fire. Originally published by London Record Society, London, 1985.
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Religious houses and bishoprics (Chaddesden-Lincoln)
a. Calendars/extracts from several of the cartularies are printed in Chertsey Abbey Cartularies, ed. M. S. Giuseppi, C. A. F. Meekings, P. M. Barnes (Surrey Rec. Soc. 12 (2 vols. in 5 parts), 1915, 1928, 1933, 1958, 1963). BL, MS Cotton Vit. A xiii (Davis, no. 222; see Mon. Angl. i, 425–34): cartulary, comp. 13C; London material (unspec.), incl. charters from 10C, on ff. 30v–31, 50v, 55, 58v, 78. BL, MS Lansd. 435 (Davis, no. 223; extracts in Chertsey Abbey Cartularies, vol. 2, pt. 1): register, comp. mid 14C; London refs. on ff. 14, 43v, 63v–64, 70–72, 77, 109–10 (10, 150); f. 108, note of abbot's revenues (10, 38, 44, 62, 98, 136, 157). Cartulary penes Lord Clifford of Chudleigh (Davis, no. 224; extracts in Chertsey Abbey Cartularies, vol. 2, pt. 2): similar material to preceding. PRO, E164/25 (Davis, no. 225; Chertsey Abbey Cartularies, vol. 1, pts. 1–3): 15C cartulary (10, 38, 44, 62, 89, 92, 136).
See fd. 1075 (from Selsey). London prop. 1291 (canons), 1392 (dean). In 1291 and later the estate lay in 152. Some of the records listed below also concern properties of the bishop (see 140). See also 462b. The records are at the West Sussex Record Office: see F. W. Steer and I. M. Kirby, Diocese of Chichester: a catalogue of the records of the Dean and Chapter, Vicars Choral, St. Mary's Hospital, Colleges and Schools (1967).
a. For 13C cartulary concerning the chapter estate, see 140a. Cap. I/27/1– 4: registers of leases (incl. confirmations of bishopric leases), 1555–1677; vols. 2–4 contain contemporary indexes, and there is an index to vol. 1 in Cap. I/51/8.
c. Act Books. Cap. I/3/0, 1, 1a, and 2 incl. leases and confirmations of bishopric leases 1472–1710; these are calendared in The Acts of the Dean and Chapter of the Cathedral Church of Chichester, 1472–1544 and 1545– 1642, ed. W. D. Peckham (Sussex Rec. Soc. 52, 1951–2, and 58, 1959), and in a TS calendar for 1660–1710 in Cap. I/51/11.
a. Cartularies etc: for 13C deeds concerning the London estates of the bishop and the dean and chapter (cf. 139) in the 13C cartulary 'Liber Y' (Ep. V/1/6) and in the 14C register 'Liber E' (Ep. VI/1/4), see The Chartulary of the High Church of Chichester, ed. W. D. Peckham (Sussex Rec. Soc. 46, 1942–3). Ep. VI/55/1: register of leases 1661–1733, with contemp. index. For earlier episcopal leases, see 139a, c; for a single 16C lease, see Cap. I/16/1, ff. 139v–40.
a. 'Registrum A', 'Registrum B', penes Lady Vestey (Davis, nos. 255–6; The Cartulary of Cirencester Abbey, 2 vols., ed. C. D. Ross, 1964 (Reg. A and part Reg. B), and The Cartulary of Cirencester Abbey, ed. M. Devine, 1977 (rest of Reg. B)): 2 cartularies, 13C and 14C, partly duplicate, of deeds, pleas, etc. (46, 92).
a. Colchester, Borough Muniments (Davis, no. 267; Cartularium Monasterii . . . de Colecestria, ed. S. A. Moore, Roxburghe Club, 1897): cartulary, later 13C (53, 80, 118, 156, Ebbgate, Stanenetha (prob. 53)).
In the late 12C the bishop of Coventry acquired land in London near Newgate (probably 152). No London land is noted for 1291, and this property may have been lost before then. The property (mansum de Ly Stronde) recorded for the bishop of Coventry and Lichfield in 1535 is evidently different, and lay outside the city. The archives at Lichfield have not been visited, but may contain more than the material noted below. See J. C. Cox, 'Catalogue of the Muniments and MS. Books of the Dean and Chapter of Lichfield', Collections for a History of Staffordshire (William Salt Archaeological Society 6 pt. 2, 1886); HMC (37) Fourteenth Report Appendix VIII, pp. 205–236.
a. Lichfield, Dean and Chapter, 'Magnum Registrum Album' (Davis, no. 563; Magnum Registrum Album, ed. H. E. Savage, in Coll. Hist. Staffs, William Salt Arch. Soc., 1924): 14C cartulary, incl. 12C deeds (probably 152).
Fd. 1083; diss. 1539. The records are extensive but yielded no further London refs. than those noted below, and it is probable that the priory had no city property after the mid 13C. By 1267 it held a manor in the Strand (? later Durham House): Misc. Ch. 6856, 5477, 5566. The MSS are dean and chapter muniments, in the Department of Palaeography and Diplomatic, The Prior's Kitchen, The College, Durham.
a. Deeds. 1. 4 Ebor. 27: deed, 1109×38 (London unspec.; transcribed in Proc. Soc. Ant. 2nd ser. 32 (1919–20), 145); possibly connected with the bishop of Durham's Domesday holding of the manor of Waltham, Essex, with a gate (Aldgate) and 12 houses in London (DB ii, f. 15v). 3. 13 Pont. 5, 1. 4 Ebor. 28: deed and copy deed, c. 1227 (56, also copy of 1. 4 Ebor. 27). 1. 7 Pont. 11: lease, 1403 (120); no apparent connection with priory.
Unless otherwise stated, the records (EDC, EDR) are in CUL. A catalogue is being compiled by Mrs. D. M. Owen (draft available for consultation in CUL), but listing is not yet complete and some records are not yet available. See also D. M. Owen, 'The Muniments of Ely Cathedral Priory', Church and Government in the Middle Ages, ed. C. N. L. Brooke, D. E. Luscombe, G. H. Martin, and D. M. Owen (1976); 'Ely Chapter Ordinances and Visitation Records, 1241–1515', ed. S. J. A. Evans, Camden Miscellany 17 (Camden Soc. 3rd Ser. 64, 1940); E. Miller, The abbey and bishopric of Ely (1951). See also 462b.
The priory's estate lay in: 9, 20, 27, 116, 129. This became the endowment of the cathedral chapter from 1541 (27 became part of 47 in 1547). The priory also held property in 12 for a short time. Property in 104, formerly of Spinney, was held until 1539.
b. EDR G/3/28, 'Liber M' (Davis, no. 369): cartulary, comp. c. 1290– 1300; ff. 19, 31, 119 (London unspec.). BL, Add. MS 41612 (Davis, no. 375): register of deeds, pleas, etc. 13C to 14C; ff. 22, 66v–67v, 82v, 98 (12, 20). BL, Add. MS 9822, 'Liber A' (Davis, no. 378): register of deeds, extracts etc., 14C to 15C; f. 75v (20). BL, MS Egerton 3047 (Davis, no. 371): part of cartulary, 15C; ff. 6, 114r-v, 115, 249v–253 (9, 12, 20, 27, 116, 119, unspec.). Bodl, MS Ashmole 801, ff. 74–143 (Davis, no. 372): second part of same cartulary as preceding; ff. 77–91v (9, 12, 20, 27, 54, 116, 129, 152, 159).
d. Rentals and surveys. PRO, E315/397, f. 29: survey, c. 1540 (9, 20, 27, 116, 129). EDC 1/C/3: valor, 1540–1 (as preceding). PRO, LR2/262, f. 17v: valor, 1546, of possessions of late priory still held by the Crown (104). EDC 1/C/6: valor, temp. Elizabeth (9, 20, 47, 116, 129). EDC 6/2/20, 21: parliamentary surveys, 1649–50 (9, 47). EDC 6/2/50: abstract, c. 1660, from survey and rental, c. 1649–50 (9, 20, 47, 116, 129). EDC 6/2/51: rental or memorandum of leases, 1660 (as preceding). EDC 1/C/5: rental, early 18C, with notes and extracts from medieval records.
e. Accounts. EDC 5: obedientiaries' rolls (listed in catalogue); not examined (many fragile or decayed, but some transcripts available) but London rent receipts probably in 5/13/1–18, treasurers' a/cs, 14C to 16C. PRO, SC6/1257/4–9: treasurers' a/cs, 1428–9, 1434–40, 1466–7 (116, 129, probably 27). PRO, SC6/Hen 8/258–63, 7288–93, 7295: a/cs, 1540–46, of lands granted to dean and chapter (9, 20, 27, 116, 129). PRO, SC6/Phil & Mary/489: a/c, 1554–5, of lands of late priory (104). EDC 3/3/1–58: views of receivers' a/cs, 1542–1667, of rents and expenditure (9, 20, 27, 116, 129). EDC 3/4/1–20, EDC 3/3/69: receivers' rough a/cs, 1590–1624, 1633– 42 (as preceding). EDC 3/14: 2 boxes of 'receivers' rentals', 1628–67 and later, noting arrears, rents by term; tenants not always named.
See E. Miller, The abbey and bishopric of Ely (1951); HMC (27) Twelfth Report, Appendix 9, pp. 375–88; D. M. Owen, Handlist of the Records of the Bishop and Archdeacon of Ely (1971). Unless otherwise stated, the records (EDR, EDC, CC) are in CUL. See also 462b.
a. BL, MS Cotton Tib. ii (Davis, no. 358): 13C register incl. survey and miscellanea; ff. 257v–258, copy agreement 1272 (54). BL, MS Cotton Claud. C xi (Davis, no. 359): register, incl. survey and miscellanea; ff. 348v, 351v, 352v–353, inquisitions, deeds, pleas, 14C (20, ?54). BL, Add. MS 41612 (Davis, no. 375): cartulary, comp. c. 1273–1366, incl. inquisitions, pleas; ff. 22, 66v–67v, 98 (20); f. 82v (12). BL, Add. MS 9822, 'Liber A' (Davis, no. 378): cartulary, 14C to 15C, incl., f. 75v, list of charters handed over to new bishop, 1359 (20, 54). EDR G/3/27, 'Liber R' (Davis, no. 362): register incl. survey, 15C miscellanea; ff. 215–218, 225v, deeds, pleas, 13C to 14C (20, 54); f. 233v, plea concerning hosting in New Temple, 1257–8. EDR G/2/3, 'Liber B' (Davis, no. 377; W. A. Pantin, 'English Monastic Letter-books', Historical Essays presented to James Tait, ed. J. G. Edwards, V. H. Galbraith, and E. F. Jacob, 1933): register, 15C to 16C, incl. leases, etc. (20, 54).
b. CC 95550–1, 95553–4: lease bks., incl. grants by bishops, 1516–62; not all indexed, but most grants clearly headed. EDC 2/6/1, 'Patent Book': capitular confirmations of episcopal leases, 1540–1640; not indexed.
c. PRO, SC11/821: valor of temporalities, 1453–4 (20). EDC 1/C/4: valor, 1538–9 (20, 54). PRO, SC6/1132/10–13: a/cs, 1298–1300, 1302, 1311, 1316, some summary (unspec., but arrears and charges specified). EDR D/6/2: a/cs, 1372–3, 1378–9, 1396–7, 1409–18, 1434–6. PRO, SC6/1137/ 10: a/cs, 1423–4, 1430–53, 1469–83, several years missing. PRO, SC6/Hen 7/2108: a/cs, 1484–1528. EDR D/5/9: rough bk. of receipts, 1541–2 (20). BL, Add. Roll 34274: (?bishop's) bailiff's a/c, 1549 (20). PRO, SC6/Eliz/ 280–7: a/cs, 1581–3, 1586–7, 1590–9, some years missing; London totals only.
b. BL, MS Cotton Vesp. B xxiv (Davis, no. 381): misc. register, 12C to 13C; ff. 12v, 56, memoranda of gifts (124). BL, MS Harl. 3763 (Davis, no. 382): register, 13C to 14C, partly duplicating preceding; London refs. on ff. 57v, 60, 92v, 98, 106, 134 (53, 78, 124; also ref. to Cheap). BL, MS Cotton Titus C ix, ff. 1–38 (Davis, no. 385): register, 15C; London refs. on ff. 4v, 37 (53, 66, 124).
a. Oxford, Christ Church, Chapter Library (Davis, no. 399; Cartulary of Eynsham Abbey, ed. H. E. Salter, Oxf. Hist. Soc. 49 and 51, 1906–8): general cartulary, late 12C; nos. 140–1 (in printed text) refer to grant of house in soke of archbishop of Canterbury, c. 1193.
Land in London was granted at the foundation: Mon. Angl. iv, 573–4. In the mid 13C the abbey held property near the Fleet: London Eyre 1244, no. 353; C. J. A. Armstrong 'Thirteenth-century notes on the rights of the abbey of Faversham in London, from a MS. of Grenoble', EHR 54 (1939), 677–85. In 1291 the estate lay in: 93, 98, 125, 134.
a. Cdr. L. M. M. Saunders Watson, Rockingham Castle: cartulary or register, 15C to 16C (Davis, no. 401). Not examined; possibly contains material relating to London estate. A transcript, probably now lost, was made in 1920 for Kent Archaeological Society by Miss Joan Wake.
a. Marquess of Bath, Longleat Muniments MS 39 (Davis, no. 434; The Great Chartulary of Glastonbury, ed. Dom A. Watkin, Soms. Rec. Soc. 59, 63, 64, 1944–50): cartulary, c. 1338–40; pp. 128–9, bull, 1168, ref. to house in London. BL, MS Arundel 2 (Davis, no. 445): register, 1352–66; London refs. on ff. 14v, 29–31 (39).
b. BL, Add. MS 17450 (Davis, no. 448; Rentalia et Custumaria Glastoniae, ed. C. J. Elton, Soms. Rec. Soc. 5, 1891): 13C rentals, etc.; f. 5, London rent (prob. 39). PRO, LR2/262, f. 23v: rental, 1546 (unspec.). PRO, SC6/Hen 8/3148–9, 7406: rent a/cs, 1538–45 (39, 152, Warwick Lane).
159. Gloucester, abbey of St. Peter, subsequently dean and chapter Fd. c. 1022; diss. 1540; re-fd. as cathedral chapter 1541. London prop. 1291, 1535. See I. M. Kirby, Diocese of Gloucester: a catalogue of the records of the Dean and Chapter, including the former St. Peter's Abbey (in Glos. R. O. and Cathedral Library) (1967). The cathedral library was not visited, and the references below are taken from guides and other sources. There may be further material there not noted here. See also 462b.
b. PRO, C150/1 (Davis, no. 454; Historia et Cartularium . . . Monasterii Gloucestriae, ed. W. H. Hart, Rolls Ser. 1863–7): cartulary, 13C to 16C, incl. copy deeds, pleas (20, 96). See also Cathedral Library, dean and chapter registers A–E (Davis, nos. 455–6, 458–9): not examined, but Regesta ii, Addenda no. 379a and p. 410, notes charter, 1096, probably from Register A (96).
a. PRO, E164/20 (Davis, no. 462): cartulary, comp. c. 1404, of deeds etc., 12C–15C, in Latin. Bodl, MS Rawl. B 408 (Davis, no. 463; The English Register of Godstow Nunnery, ed. A. Clark, EETS orig. series 129, 130, 142, 1906–11): later 15C English version of preceding (Bishopsgate, Cornhill, Eastcheap, Fleet Street, Westcheap, nr. West gate of St. Paul's).
a. BL, MS Harl. 4015 (Davis, no. 491): cartulary, comp. 1402, of deeds, 12C to 15C; pars. listed on ff. 2v–3 (4, 5, 10, 15, 20, 21, 24, 26, 27, 29, 30, 32, 37, 38, 39, 42, 45, 46, 48, 51, 53, 54, 62, 63, 71, 74, 75, 81, 83, 85, 87, 88, 89, 92, 93, 94, 95, 99, 100, 104, 116, 127, 128, 131, 132, 135, 136, 137, 141, 144, 150, 151, 152, 156, 158, 159, St. Mary Coneyhope); also refs. to 101 (f. 50v), 120 (f. 62).
Fd. 1159, dep. on St. Bernard, Montjoux; suppressed 1391, and granted to New College, Oxford (401). The principal London property ('Mount Joys Inn') lay in 77 and 78; in the 13C the priory seems also to have had an interest in 157.
a. Deeds and leases, 13C and 14C, preserved in the archives of New College, inaccurately calendared in H. F. Westlake, Hornchurch Priory: a kalendar of documents in the possession of the warden and fellows of New College, Oxford (1923); these incl. 13C deeds concerning property in 53 which seems not to have come into the possession of the priory. This collection is covered by the numbers under the heading 'Early Deeds: Essex, Hornchurch' (no ref. to London) in F. W. Steer, The Archives of New College, Oxford (1974), 517; the best form of reference is still the 18C numbers cited by Westlake. In addition, 14C deeds concerning 78 (New College Archives, 11905–11910) are listed in Steer, op. cit., 520; there are copies in New College Archives 9791 ('Registrum Evidenciarum', vol. 5), pp. 333–7.
a. E315/397, f. 134: survey, c. 1540 (total only). SC11/452: valor, 1543–4. LR2/262, f. 2v: rental, 1546. SC6/Hen 8/2343–55, 2427–8: a/cs, 1537–46. LR12/20/627: bk. of memoranda of arrears, 1538–9 (10 only).
a. SC12/9/36: valor, 1362 (London total only). SC12/9/37: valor, 1403 (London total only). SC12/11/32: rental, ? mid 15C (116, outside Cripplegate, Wood Street). SC11/357: valor, 1472 (78, 116, 127, nr. Cripplegate). LR2/262, f. 23: rental, 1546 (2, 42, 78). SC6/1108/11: rent a/c, possibly of Lesnes, 1431–2 (London total only).
In 1291 the estate lay in: 104, 111, 158. In 1324 Lewes (counted as an alien religious house) had rents in Walbrook ward: PRO, E106/7/18, m. 4, also in King's College, Cambridge, Muniments, 'Oak Cartulary' (Davis, no. 146), f. 68.
a. For a copy of a confirmation charter, 1135×54, of lands in London (Bishopsgate, Smithfield, unspec.) in Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, see Cal. Docs. France, no. 391, also noted in Regesta iii, no. 168.
b. BL, MS Cotton Vesp. F xv (Davis, no. 557; Chartulary of St. Pancras Priory, Lewes, ed. L. F. Salzman, Sussex Rec. Soc., vols. 38, 40, 1932–4, and supplementary vol., 1943): 15C cartulary of deeds etc. from 11C (64, 104, 111, 158, London unspec.).
London prop. 1392, 1535. This was in 20 outside the city limits, acquired c. 1161–2: see The 'Registrum Antiquissimum' of the Cathedral Church of Lincoln, ed. C. W. Foster (Linc. Rec. Soc. 27–8, 1931–3); The Register of Bishop Repingdon, 1405–19, ed. M. Archer (Linc. Rec. Soc. 74, 1982).