London Viewers and their Certificates, 1508-1558 Certificates of the Sworn Viewers of the City of London. Originally published by London Record Society, London, 1989.
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1550–51 (nos 267–316)
Parish of St. Gregory's at Paul's Chain. Variance between Christopher Basse, grocer, and Robert Davyson, merchant taylor, and Hugh Pope, haberdasher, concerning a jakes between Basse and Davyson in Knightrider Street. The view is a party view, by assent of all parties. The viewers say that Basse and Davyson ought to make, repair, and cleanse the jakes at both their costs and charges. There is also a variance between the said two parties for a pentice over the shop of Basse; it belongs to him and he ought to make and repair it at his cost and charges and he may make it large and high enough for his ease and commodity, so long as he does not annoy or stop any part of the light of Davyson's windows. Also, there is a jakes that falls into the house of Hugh Pope, dwelling at the figure of 'the Kinges Hed' there; it has three tunnels and it ought to be made clean by all three lessees thereof at their costs and charges. Also, Pope has a shop built upon the king's highway, 4 ft. broad and 12 ft. long; it ought not of right to stand there and the Chamberlain of London ought to pull it down. Except etc.
Parish of St. Botolph without Bishopsgate. Variance between the master and wardens of the Skinners, pls., and John Rowseley, who has the fee simple of the ground there that lately belonged to St. Mary Spittal, and George Holland, who has the lease of the same ground, concerning a ditch. The viewers say that the ditch is at the N side of pls.' grounds and contains 6 ft. in breadth, more at the upper side thereof. It ought to be from E to W all the length of the grounds of pls. to a common sewer there and as parcel of the common sewer, as it has been used of old custom. Except etc.
Parish of St. Martin Outwich in the Ward of Broad Street. Variance between Rowland Staper, pl., and William Sell, def., concerning a little house with a jakes on the W side of the house of def. lying toward the house of pl. The house belonged to def.'s house long before the parties purchased their houses. It ought of right still so to continue. Also, pl. has a brick wall on the W side of his garden, on his own ground. He must maintain it at his own costs and charges; if he will, he may build upon the wall. Also, on the E side of the garden of pl. there is a pale, which pale and fence ought to be made at the costs and charges of pl. It must stand from the E corner post of the house of pl. stretching [?N] to a corner post standing in a brick wall of a house there. Pl. ought of right to make it line right and plumb from limit to limit. Except etc.
Shewen unto your goode lordship and masterships the xith daye of Marche in the iiiith yere of the Reigne of our soveraign lorde king Edwarde the VIth, Willm Walker, John Russell, Gylbert Burfame, and Nicholas Ellys, the iiii masters of Fremasons and Carpenters, viewers indifferent sworn to the said Cytie, that where as they were late charged by your lordships commaundment the xxth day of Novembre in the thirde yere of the Reign of our soveraigne lorde the Kinge that nowe ys to viewe and oversee certen variances in the parishe of Saint Mary Woolchurche in Walbroke of London, Betwene Willm Lane, grocer, of one partie, and Myles Ayer, vyntner, of the other partie, whiche variaunce was for a littell Cole house in the ground storry of the house of the said Willm Lane and two tonnelles of Jakes with a Cestern or vawte thereunto belongyng, whiche variance we then viewed and declared our myndes therin, As by the recorde thereof [?appeareth], (fn. 1) and nowe eftsones at your lordships commaundement the day of date herof, we the said viewers have viewed and overseen the same variance betwene the said parties and we fynd & say that the said littell house and two Tonnelles of Jakes with all other things concerning that variance aforesaid, to be . . . newe buylded and made by the said Lane according to right and Justice and according to our former viewe taken in that byhalf, ys allredy done by the said Lane. And as for the Cestern vawte, a Celler whiche was clensed and newe builded and parted asonder by the said Lane with a brik wall, we the said viewers have viewed and seen the same and therupon we say that the same is well and justely done by the said Lane in all poyntes according to the customs and lawes of the Cytie of London, and the said Mylys by the said buylding, As it is now made, ys nothing wronged. Except the parties have any writing or evidence to the contrary to be shewed.
271. [C.66] (fn. 2) 11 March 1550.
Parish of St. Katharine Coleman. Variance between John [Hyde]. . . and John Defalles, merchant, concerning the fence of a garden. The viewers say that from a corner post of a little shed in the ground of the said Hyde . . . corner of that shed stretching northward to a corner post of a pale belonging to the garden of the said . . . that the said Hyde ought there to make a lawful fence, line right and plumb from limit to limit the said length. Except etc.
Parish of St. Clement in Eastcheap. Variance between Bennett Jackson, butcher, pl., and George Smyth, butcher, def. The viewers say that there is a post on the E side of pl.'s house and from the middle of the post stretching W to the middle of a post standing between pl. and def. on Eastcheap, [pl.'s land] contains 30 ft. 11 in. Also, pl. has a house behind his shop and def. has a chamber over it. The floor under the chamber is decayed; def. ought to repair the floor that bears his chamber and to tile it and keep it dry at his own proper cost and charges and not annoy pl. under it. Pl. ought to maintain the walls and foundations under the chamber of def. Each ought to have the course of their waters and highways and lights as it has been in long time past before their purchases. Also, each ought to bear like part to every partition, as the posts and gutters be parted, and to cleanse their jakes according to their falls by even portion, according to the custom of the city of London. Except etc.
Parish of Abchurch in Candlewick Street. Variance between Richard Cooke, draper, and Margaret Asshelyn, widow. The view is a party view. The viewers say that Cooke has a stone wall on the W side of his house bearing his house between Margaret Asshelyn and himself; he ought of right to have it to his own use and to take it down and build it at his pleasure, from the street there southward all the length of his house and ground. Also, there is a paper wall in the W side of his yard; it belongs to him and he must maintain the wall and fence at his proper costs and charges. Except etc.
Parish of St. Martin Orgar in Thames Street. Variance between Robert Meryk, fishmonger, pl., and William Brown, fishmonger, def., concerning a house of pl. in Thames Street. The viewers say that they have viewed the house and variance and also have seen the lease of pl.; it declares that pl. should have his house 92 ft. in length from S to N. Also, there was a view made upon the same house on the second day of October in the 22nd year of the reign of King Henry the VII , and it declares that the house should have 92 ft. in length from S to N. 'And we have met the said house and it hath not nowe his lenght as the afforsaid lenght [sic: rectius lease] dothe declare it shuld have and therfore we say that the partie plaintif ought for to have the hole lenght of his house as it is before rehersed.' Except etc.
Parish of St. Botolph without Aldgate. Variance between William Grene and James Adlington, alias Alyngton. The view is a party view by assent of both parties. The viewers say that Grene has taken down a house in his own back side there, which house of late abutted on the E side of Alyngton's house and stable. Both those houses, Adlyngton's and Grene's, before their purchase belonged to Our Lord. Alington ought to have the paper wall that bears the E side of his little stable as he had it in the time of his purchase, he to keep and maintain it at his own proper costs and charges. Also, there is a fence on the E side of Alington's garden and Grene of right ought to make a sufficient fence there between him and Adlington at his proper costs and charges line right and plumb from limit to limit. Except etc.
Parish of St. Sepulchre. Variance there and in West Smithfield between Christopher Jakson, glasier, pl., and Edward Barbour, scrivener, def., concerning a fence between the parties. The viewers say that pl. has a little house that ranges by the end of his main house. From the SW corner post of that little house stretching more W to a post standing in the fence of my lord the Bishop of York, def. ought to make a sufficient fence line right and plumb from limit to limit at his costs and charges. And either party ought to bear his own water. Except etc.
To the Right honorable Lorde Mayre of the Cytie of Lon[don] and to his Worshipfull Brethren thaldermen of the [same] Cyttie. Shewen unto your good lordshipe and maisterships the xiiith day of Maye and the iiith yere of the Reigne of our soveraign lorde kinge Edwarde the Syxt Wyllm Walker, John Russell, Gylbert Burfane [and Nicholas] Ellys, the iiii Maysters of Fremasons and Carpenters, vyewers Indefferent Sworne to the said Cytie, [that] whereas thei were of late charged by your Lordships comaundement to vyewe and oversee a [?variance between] the wardens of the company of Salters, plaintyfes, of the one partye, and one Robt Melysshe, Merchaunte Taylor, defendante, of the other partye, in the parisshe of Alhallowes in Bredstrete in London, Which varyaunce is concernynge ii houses in Watlynge strete, at the syne of the Woolsacke and the syne of the Catt And the Fyddle, whiche houses we have vyewed and Seen and we the sayd vyewers saye that the partye deffendaunt hath leases of Both those houses for terme of vi yeres and above yet to come and we saye that the partye deffendaunt ought for to have both those houses All the tyme of his terme of his leases. And then when the leases of the partye deffendaunte are Expyred, yt may be lawfull for the parties plaintyfe, whiche are the lordes of both those houses, for to lett and sett the houses at theyr pleasures And for to make devysyon of the Rowmes at theyr pleasures. And not Els. Except there be any wrytyng, evydence, or Especialtye to the contrarye to be shewed.
Parish of St. Michael at Queenhithe. Variance between Thomas Kery, salter, pl., and Elisabeth Lonsdale, widow, def. (fn. 3) The view is a party view. The viewers say that either of the parties ought to have the commodities that either had in the time of their purchase of their houses, with lights and jakes and other commodities as at that time to the same did belong. Also, def. has taken down a little entry that goes into a jakes of pl.; it contains 21 in. in breadth and 10 ft. 10 in. in length and def. ought to build it up again at her costs and charges. And pl. ought to have so many lights as he had in the time of his purchase and no more. Except etc.
Parish of St. Matthew in Friday Street. Variance between Thomas Metcalfe, goldsmith, pl., and Thomas Cage, salter, def., concerning lights and conveyance of the water and jakes of pl. The viewers say that forasmuch as pl. bought the fee simple of his house of the king's majesty with all the commodities to it belonging in as ample and large manner as it was before the time of his purchase, he ought to have any and all lights belonging to the same at the time of his purchase, and also to have the course of his water as it was before the time of his purchase, by and with a party gutter and sink there between the parties, together with the conveyance of both their jakes there falling into the vault between them as it was before the time of their purchase. Also, def. ought to have on the street side called Friday Street half of the principal posts in every side of his house. 'All this we say ought for to be had except' etc.
Parish of Our Lady in Aldermans Bery. Variance between Thomas Atkyns, Esquire, pl., and the dean and chapter of the Cathedral Church of St. Paul's, defs. The viewers say that there is a fence on the N side of pl.'s ground which pl. ought to have and maintain at his costs and charges, either party to bear their own water. Except etc.
281. [C.76] (fn. 4) 30 August 1550.
Parish of St. Michael Cornhill. Variance between Thomas Bales, pl., and William Assheler, def., concerning a brick wall between the said parties on the N side of a [?house] there called the sign of 'the Scomer' in Birchin Lane. The viewers say that pl. ought of right. . . assise in thickness to the said wall by all the length thereof, that is to say from the inside of the principal post of . . . Pl. [sic] has broken down a piece of the wall according to right and . . . which . . . wall by him broken he ought of right to make and build up again at his own [proper costs and charges], so much as is broken. Also, there is a variance between pl. and one William Turner, gentleman, def. . . . on the S side of the . . . water there of def. The viewers say that it ought of right to fall . . . the house now called 'the Scomer'. Except etc.
282. [C.77] (fn. 5) [15 September 1550].
Parish of St. Sepulchre without Newgate. Variance between [Peter Grene], yeoman, pl., and Thomas Hylton, [merchant taylor, def.] . . . concerning a certain wall whereof the . . . from E to W 1 ft. of assise and . . . which of right he ought not to do. And . . . an entry with a door opening into the lane called [Fleet Lane] . . . which yard ought to be . . . and both the said parties to make a lawful fence in . . . them both at their several costs and charges and . . . according to the ancient custom of the City of London . . . Except etc.
283. [C.78] (fn. 6) 18 September 1550.
[Parish missing]. Variance between the master of . . . pls., and John Wy . . . concerning certain buildings in the parish . . . church of London . . . The view is a party view. The viewers say that the party . . . gate called St. Austen's gate upri[ght] . . . that from the NW corner post of . . . def. has encroached . . . to the W 18 in. of as[sise] . . . either of the said . . . according to the ancient custom . . . to be, Except . . .
[Viewers as in 281]. Parish of St. Mary Abchurch in Candlewick Street. Variance between John Mynors, draper, and Richard Cooke, draper, concerning a brick wall now in making by Mynors in Candlewick Street. The view is a party view. The viewers say that from a new brick wall on the S side of the grounds of the parties, there is a plumb draught drawn with certain nails, from which nails, and stretching N to the W side of a corner post of Mynors, [the wall] ought to go line right and plumb from limit to limit all the length. Either party ought to bear his own water according to the ancient custom of the City of London. 'All this of right we say ought to be, except' etc.
Parish of All Hallows Barking near the Tower of London. Variance between Julian Knight, otherwise called Julian Jennynges, pl., and Thomas Pyke, skinner, def., concerning a certain house and wharf, stable, planks, two chimneys, tiling and guttering, and other certain decay there in the house wherein one Randall Haward, tenant at will of pl., now dwells. The viewers say that def. has built on the W side of his own house, by reason of which he has broken down the tops of two chimneys, broken tiles, spoiled the gutters, and decayed the walls of pl., which of right he ought to repair and make again at his own proper costs and charges. There are floors, stables, walls, and a wharf at the water side, containing 25 ft. in length, decaying there. The lord of the house of right ought to repair and amend them at his or their own proper costs and charges. Every man to bear his own water according to the ancient custom of the City of London. Except etc.
Parish of St. Olave in Hart Street. Variance between Philip van Wylder, gentleman, pl., and Agnes Newton, gentlewoman, widow, def., concerning certain lights, walls, windows, and conveyances of water between the parties. The viewers say that pl. ought to have his lights and water-courses as they were at the time of his purchase. Further, there was a certain bay window on the E side of pl.'s house, glazed and framed, which def. has taken away contrary to all right and which window and glass def. ought of right to restore again. 'All this of right we say ought to be done. Except' etc.
287. [C.82] (fn. 7) [18 ?November 1550].
. . . in the parish of St. Mary Magdalen in Old Fish Street between Henry [Pemerton], barbersurgeon, and John . . . being the . . . of the Inn called 'the Kynges Hed' on the other party, being a party view . . . said parties which view is of and for certain casualty of fire and burning (brennynge) of certain houses between the said parties, and which houses and variance thereof . . . the same fire the said iiii sworn viewers have viewed and seen according to . . . to [them] given and have . . . examined diverse and many witnesses of and upon the same. 'And thereupon we say by our consciences and as far as we can perceive as well by our viewing of the houses as by the witnesses, that the said fire first began in the hayloft belonging to the same Inn called the Kyngs Hed. And that by our consciences it must needs so be, forasmuch as the Roof of the same house is clene brent . . . and the said Pemerton's house lytle or nothing perished with the said fire. And this we find to be true in our conscience that the fire first began in the said hayloft belonging to the said Inn called the Kings Hed and not otherwise. Except there be any evidence or record they have not had.'
Parish of St. Mary Magdalen in the street called Knightrider Street in Old Fish Street of London. Variance between Thomas Ellys, merchant taylor, and William Hollingworth alias Snowden, fishmonger, concerning a certain jakes and water courses. The view is a party view. The viewers say that Ellys has taken down a tunnel of boards for a jakes which went through his kitchen, having fall down into a cistern in the ground there. He ought of right to make it up again at his own proper costs and charges; and when need requires, the cistern shall be made clean by every man having his jakes falling into the same vault in the house of William Hollingworth, otherwise called Snowden. There is a party gutter all the length of the said house which of right ought to be repinned indifferently between the parties at their several costs and charges. And there are certain other gutters belonging to Ellys which have their course into the said long gutter, which of right they ought to have. Also, there is on the W side of the shop of Hollingworth a door and entry which he lately purchased of our Sovereign Lord the King, which door and entry one Roger Lewe, skinner, annoys with a certain table laid there by him, which he ought not of right to do. 'All these premises we say ought of right to be observed and kept. Except' etc.
Parish of St. Gabriel Fenchurch. Variance between Thomas Curtes of London, pewterer, (fn. 8) and Thomas Rydgeway and Alice, his wife, pls. [sic], concerning the making and letting of the lease of a house called 'the Ball' by Curtes to one William Gates and Elizabeth his wife, late deceased, which lease is now in the hands of pls. The viewers say that the variance is for repairs to be done to a roof of a chamber over the parlour, 22 ft. in length and 19 ft. in breadth. The roof is ready to fall down. The chamber over the hall next to the street side is in decay. All which things [sic] ought to be done and made tenantable at costs and charges of Curtes, as appears by the indenture and obligation thereof. 'All which premises we say ought to be done except' etc.
Parish of St. Pulchres without Newgate in the suburbs of London. Variance between the Right Worshipful Sir Thomas Challennor, knight, and my lady his wife, pls., and Richard Hyll, tiler, def. concerning a messuage and certain tenements which are decayed. The viewers say that there is one plate, 26 ft. long, that must be new laid in, and the N end of the house lifted up and a new one made there. There is a party well in decay, which the two tenements ought to repair and mend. There is tiling, daubing, a party gutter, and other things which def. ought to repair at his costs and charges as he is bound to do by a lease which he holds upon the premises. The charges, by estimate, amount to £7. 'All this of right we say ought to be, except' etc.
Parish of St. Giles without Cripplegate. Variance between John Murfyn, cook, pl., and William Harper, merchant taylor, def., concerning a garden platt. The viewers say that def. holds the garden by lease, taken from the Brotherhood of St. Giles before it [the land] came into the king's hands. Therefore, def. ought to keep it. He also ought to make a lawful fence on the S side of the garden. Pl. may build upon the E side of his garden all the length of his ground to a great elm tree, which he may fell. Except etc.
Parish of St. Oluf in Southwark. Variance between the Rt. Worshipful Sir Anthony Cooke, knight, pl., and Hugh Spencer, vintner, def., concerning a lease of a messuage and certain tenements at the sign of 'the Beare' at the Bridge foot of London. The viewers have seen the lease and variance and they say that pl. made a lease of the premises to one Ralph Willett, deceased, which lease yet endures and is now in the hands of one Master Middleton, draper. The house is not tenantable as it ought to be, 'for we say accordyng to the tenor of the lease which gevethe a quarter of a yeris warnyng yt may be made tenantable. And yf it be not made tennantable within the said terme after warnyng geven, that then the same lease is voyd.' Except etc.
Parish of All Hallows Barking. Variance between Thomas Blunte, citizen and mercer, pl., and Richard Smythe of the same city, mercer, def., concerning conveyance of diverse waters through the houses of def., one issuing through his chamber and another through his stable and yard. The viewers say that pl. ought to have his water courses through the said places because it was so used at the time of the purchase of his house. Furthermore, pl. ought of right to maintain the lead gutter through the chamber of def. as often as need shall require and not annoy def. with any manner of corrupt water or another thing going through it. Def. ought to suffer and maintain the water course through the stable and yard, as it was at the time of his purchase. Pl. ought to have all the houses [sic] with all other appurtenances as it was at the time of his purchase. Except etc.
Parish of St. Saviour in Southwark. Variance between Henry Helmer, draper, pl., and Randall Smyth, yeoman, def., concerning a fence of a pale [sic] between the parties. The viewers say that def. ought of right to make up the pale at his cost and charges, line right and plumb from the S corner of a little house on the W side of def.'s fence stretching E all the length of their grounds to a post there. Def. shall make the fence-between this and St. Mark's Day next coming [25 April]; 'all this of right we say ought to be, except' etc.
Parish of St. Swithin. Variance in St. Swithin's Lane near Lombard Street between John Tocke, skinner, pl., and William Seeman, def., concerning a house with appurtenances which pl. purchased of def., which extends 20 ft. 7 in. along the king's highway of St. Swithin's Lane near Lombard Street. The viewers say that pl. has a kitchen over a certain party jakes. The viewers say that pl. may build upright over the jakes so long as he does not annoy or interrupt the [use] of the jakes by def. Either party to cleanse the jakes at their equal costs, according to the tenor of indentures made between them. Except etc.
Parish of St. Margaret in Friday Street. Variance between John Scot, salter, pl., and Humphrey Feylde, salter, def., concerning a principal partition on the N side of pl. from a post standing on the street side. The post leans 11 in. in breadth and is a party post; the partition ought to go indifferently in all things, stretching W to a jakes standing there. The viewers say that above the same jakes, the party [sic] ought to have 8 ft. 8 in. E and W and 2 ft. N and S for the fall of his jakes in a vault lying there between the parties as it was at the time of his purchase. There is a party gutter lying between the parties upon the same partition; it ought so to do. On the W end of the house of pl., abutting upon the house of the Earl of Bath, there stands a wall within which pl. may set his principals and build upright and plumb all the length of his ground. Pl.'s [land] abuts on the S toward the house of the Earl of Bath, which stands upon a stone wall; pl. ought to have 9 in. of that wall. Every man to bear his own water and their waters to be suffered to have their courses, also to have the fall of their jakes as it was at the time of their purchases. All which premises etc. Except etc.
Parish of St. Botolph without Bishopsgate. Variance between Robert Donkyn, merchant taylor, pl., and John Lowyn, def., concerning an encroachment of the common way called Bell Alley. The viewers say that the alley is 6 ft. 6 in. in breadth at the W end; it stretches E 167 ft. from that end by the ground, line right and plumb by the side of the alley. It is and ought to be 6 ft. in breadth all that length. From an angle turning of the way there to a corner post, [the alley] ought to be 15 ft. in length and there, at that corner post, the alley is 3 ft. in breadth. From that corner post stretching E along by a pale [the alley] is 37 ft. in length; by all that length it is 7 ft. in breadth. Further, there is a garden platt of one Richard Mayne, draper, which contains 36 ft. in length along by the alley. At the SW corner of the garden there is an encroachment on the alley of 3 ft. At the E corner of the garden, there is an encroachment on the alley of 6 in. There the alley is 6 ft. in breadth. [The alley runs] more E to a corner house standing in the S side of the alley, which is there 5 ft. in breadth 'all which lengthes alonge by the same alley ought to goo lyne right and plumbe from lymytt to lymmytt.' Except etc.
Parish of Little All Hallows in Thames Street. Variance between John Mylnes, brewer, pl., and 'certeyne My Maysters thaldermen and others beyng maysters and roulers of the Hospytall of Saynt Bartholmewes in Smythfeild of London', defs., concerning a new house defs. are building. The viewers say that the nether storey of the house is 22 ft. in length from the W to the E along by the king's highway, to the middle of a party principal post there, 9 in. in breadth. The second storey is 21 ft. 7 in. in length W to E to a principal post 10 in. in breadth, also a party post. From the party post stretching N to another party post there stands a party partition. From that NE post stretching W measures 19 ft. 7 in. Defs. ought of right to build their house by the same measures. And every man ought to bear his own water according to the custom of the city of London. Except etc.
Parish of St. Nicholas Coldabbey. Variance between Edward Hall, fishmonger, pl., and Thomas Wolfe, fishmonger, def., concerning a new frame set and being in the middle of Old Fish Street. The viewers say that there is upon the SE corner of the frame a post of the upper storey sailing over the middle of the kennel, which it ought not of right to do. Further, pl. ought of right to bear his own water from his own house and convey it to his own ground. Def. ought to bear his own water according to the custom of the city of London. 'All this of right we say ought to be except' etc.
Parish of All Hallows Barking. Variance between John Wylkockes, mariner, pl., and Thomas Dale, mariner, def., concerning a little back yard 13 ft. in length E and W and 6 ft. 11 in. in breadth N and S. The viewers say that pl. ought of right to have and occupy the yard by all its length and breadth as his lease, which he holds, licences him to do. Except etc.
Parish of St. Pulchres. Variance between Christopher Jackson, glazier, pl., and Stephen Gybson, cooper, def., concerning a house called the sign of '[the] Lambe'. The viewers say that def. has a lease of the house dated 32 Henry VIII [1540–1], of the grant and demise of the vicar and wardens of the Brotherhood of Our Lady and St. Stephen within the Church of St. Pulchres. The viewers have seen and read the lease and it appears that the lords having the fee simple of the house are bound to repair the same, as well against wind and rain as all other repairs, and to maintain the same as often as need shall be. Further, there are two pieces of two pipes of lead lacking in the house, which were cut and taken away; one of the pipes is 8 ft. in length and the other 9 ft. For lack of the pipes the house is decayed by falling of the water there. It seems to the viewers that the pipes were conveyed away by the tenants of the house and def. ought of right to repair and restore them. All this of right etc., except etc.
Parish of St. George in the Borough of Southwark, county of Surrey. Variance between George Thomson, carpenter, pl., and Humphrey Collet, bowyer, def., concerning the falling of water down off the house of pl. and a quick hedge at the S side of the ground of pl., stretching westward. The viewers say that pl. ought to have 16 in. on the S side, all the length of his house, for the fall of his water. The fence ought to be maintained and made sufficient by def. as it now is, and if any tree or bough hangs over into the ground of pl. more than of right it ought to do, pl. may lawfully brush and cut it plumb with his said grounds. Pl. may at all times hereafter build and join his house and building upright with the fence, so long as he bears his own water. All which things etc., except etc.
Parish of St. Helen Bishopsgate. Variance between the master and wardens of the Leathersellers, pls., and Robert Kyrke, citizen and saddler, def., concerning a chamber in the second storey of a tenement of pl.'s house, which contains 11 ft. 2 in. E and W and 10 ft. N and S. The viewers say that def. ought of right to have the chamber 'because yt was in his tenure at the tyme of his purchase thereof. Except etc.
Parish of St. Pulchres without Newgate. Variance between Richard Alleyne, haberdasher, pl., and John Holmes, weaver, def., concerning a common way or ground going into certain tenements in Seacoal Lane, in an alley there called Bear (Bere) Alley. The viewers say that def. has encroached on the common way 12 in. on the N side of the house he is building. On the W side of his house, from the corner of a wall and door there now stretching S to a house of his, def. has encroached 2 ft. on the common way or ground. All which of right he ought not to do. Except etc.
Parish of St. Mildred in Bread Street. Variance in a lane called Basing Lane between Davy Gyttons, vintner, pl., and Richard Wyther, salter, def., concerning a party stone wall between the houses of the parties, 3 ft. in thickness and 18 in. in length N and S. The wall bore and conveyed certain chimneys and other commodities at the time that both parties purchased their houses. The viewers say that both parties may build chimneys and other commodities in and upon the wall all its length at their several costs and charges, as has been done beforetime, so long as one does not annoy the other. All this of right etc. Except etc.
Parish of Holy Trinity [the Less]. Variance in a street called Knightrider Street between Sir John Darrell, clerk, parson of the parish church of the said Holy Trinity, and Simon Wall, cordwainer, and George Harryson, clothworker, churchwardens of the said church, pls., and Gervys Warter, cooper, def., concerning a procession way or lane 6 ft. in breadth at the E end of the church. The viewers say the way belongs to the parson and churchwardens and furthermore def. ought of right to have all the commodities, profits, and easements in the said land in as large and ample a manner as his lease, which he now holds, licenses him to have. Except etc.
Parish of St. Ethelburga within Bishopsgate. Variance between the master and wardens of the Tallowchandlers, pls., and Robert Chester, esquire, def., concerning a stone and brick wall lying between pls. and def. on the N side of pls.' grounds, containing 22 ft. 6 in. in length E and W. The viewers say that pls. may build and set up his [sic] frame that he [sic] is now building line right and plumb to the carpentry of the old house of def. Either party to bear their own water within their own grounds according to the ancient custom of the city of London. Except etc.
Parish of St. Stephen in Coleman Street. Variance between the master and wardens of the Merchant Taylors, pls., and Humfrey Berskerdfeld, (fn. 9) def., concerning a fence between the parties. The viewers say that pls. ought of right to make the fence E and W line right and plumb by all the length of def.'s ground at their costs and charges. Except etc.
Parish of St. Saviour's in Southwark in the County of Surrey. Variance between the master and wardens of the Fishmongers and John Maynforde, butcher, 'beynge a partie vyew of and for a variaunce betwene the said parties betwene the Crowne Key and the Black Bull'. The viewers say that the variance is for a fence lying between the parties. From a principal post of the house of Maynforde stretching E to a ditch where a certain plum tree stands, Maynforde ought of right to make the fence line right and plumb from limit to limit at their [sic] costs and charges. Except etc.
Parish of St. Olave in Southwark in the County of Surrey. Variance between Rychard Westram, brewer, pl., and William Broke, salter, def., concerning the repairing and upholding of all and singular reparations except principals belonging to the house where def. now dwells. The viewers say that def. ought of right as well to lathe, daub, and tile roundabout and upon his house, and all other rooms and his part of the party gutters belonging to the same house, which are now in decay. He shall sufficiently defend the same house, with appurtenances, against wind and rain, and also pave the street side before his house and the entries within the same, which are also in decay, as often as need shall require. Furthermore, def. ought of right to make and do all repairs before expressed, tenantable and sufficiently, before the 25th day of March next coming, without further delay. Except etc.
Parish of St. Mary Woolnorth alias Wolnothe. Variance between George Cholmeley, waterbearer, pl., and Agnes Postelatte, widow, and William Wall, clothmaker, defs., concerning a jakes belonging to the tenement of pl. in a lane called Sherborne, which tenement George Postelatte, late husband of Agnes, sold to pl. as more plainly appears by his deed. The viewers say that pl. ought of right to have and occupy the jakes as it was at the time of his purchase. Furthermore, there is an entry on the N side of the house of pl. 18 ft. in length E and Wand 3 ft. 10 in. in breadth N and S, which entry Wall withholds from pl. The entry belongs of right to the house of pl., as more plainly appears by a deed thereof made to him. Except etc.
Parish of St. Mary Woolchurch in Lumberstreet. Variance between Thomas Betenham and William Draper, gentleman, pls. in the right of their two wives, daughters and heirs of Seth Bothe, late of London, gentleman, deceased, and [blank] Pynchester of London, widow and late wife of Roger Pynchester, citizen and draper, deceased, def., concerning a certain parcel of ground or garden plat in the S part of pls.' tenements. The viewers say that pls. ought of right to have 19 ells (fn. 10) and 1 ft. of the ground E and W and 9 ft. in breadth N and S from their said tenements by all the said length as by deed to pls. by their ancestors more plainly appears; the deed is dated 21 Edward IV [1481–2]. All this of right etc. except etc.
314. [C.109] (fn. 11) 9 November 1551.
Parish of St. Michael in Cornhill. Variance in Birchin Lane between Sir John Gresham, Sir Rowland Hill, knights and aldermen of said City; George Barnes, alderman of the same City; and William Blackwell, gentleman, common clerk of the said City, pls., and Thomas Bates, draper, def. The viewers say that the houses in Birchin Lane, with the breadth of the door or entry into the alley called St. Thomas Alley, are and of right ought to be 38 ft. 7 in. from the SW corner post stretching N along by the . . . and lane there called Birchin Lane. Further, there is a jetty on the N side [of the] house of pls., which is 22 ft. 3 in. in length from E to W and 19 ft. in breadth by all that length. The jetty is 10 [ft. from] the ground and sails over into the shop or entry of def. by all the jetty's length and breadth, as it ought of right to do. From the jetty [stretching] more E all the length of pls.' houses, being parcel of the said [Alley] . . . contains 40 ft. 5½ in. in length. The [said] parties ought of right at their equal costs and charges to make a lead party gutter . . . their said houses from the E end of def.'s house now new [built to] the jetty. And the parties at their equal costs and charges ought to make a lead pipe [to convey] the rain water falling into the gutters to the ground. And so to have [issue and course] . . . the said jetty and through the shop of def, to the lane called . . . Moreover, whereas def. has broken tiles, bared [timber] and hurt pls.' houses by means of his building there, def. ought of right at his costs and charges to repair and amend the same. All which etc. except etc.
Parish of St. Botolph without Bishopsgate. Variance between John Brycket and Katharine, his wife, pls., and Robert Dounkyn, citizen and merchant taylor, def., concerning a gate and gatehouse. The viewers say that the gate and gatehouse, on the N side of pls.' gate and gatehouse, is 9 ft. 5 in. along by the king's highway. Through the gate there is a way into certain tenements of def. called Boe Alley, which def. lately purchased of the king's majesty and which belonged to St. Michael's church in Cornhill. Pls. also purchased two tenements there of one Robert Rypley, brewer, which, with all appurtenances, lately belonged to the hospital called St. Mary Spital. The viewers say that the gate and gatehouse are under the same roof as pls.' two tenements, and are parcel of them. Also, Rypley ought to make a lawful fence from a NW corner post of his house stretching W 20 ft. 8 in. line right and plumb by all the said length. Pls. ought to suffer Rypley's water to fall off his house into his [sic] yard there and his chimney to stand in such place as it did at the time of pls.' purchase. All this of right etc. except etc.