London Viewers and their Certificates, 1508-1558: Certificates of the Sworn Viewers of the City of London. Originally published by London Record Society, London, 1989.
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Binding joist. A joist carrying other joists.
Brases. Braces, usually timber.
Cabin. A small room, a bedroom.
Campshed, campshide. Campshot: the facing of the bank of a river with planks.
Causey, cawsey. Causeway: a paved area, the paving of a street.
Coyne, see quoin.
Defence. A fence.
Dog(g). A clamp, a device for holding two things together.
Dormant, dormaund. Fixed or stationary; ?dormer.
Draught house. A privy.
Entertise, enterteyse. A horizontal beam which acts as a connection between two upright ones.
Fillet gutter. A sloping gutter with a raised rim.
Fled (out). Fluctuating, wavering.
Foreign, foreyn. Short for foreign chamber, a privy.
Frame. The wooden structure of a building, composed of various beams etc. fitted together.
Gable end. The upper end of the wall at each end of a pitched roof.
Garner, garnar. A storehouse for grain.
Groundsill. The timber foundation for a building, usually a wooden building; the lowest horizontal beam in the plate.
Headland. A boundary.
Implements. Equipment, as household equipment.
Jakes. A privy.
Jetty (jetie). An overhanging upper storey.
Kennel. The gutter of a street.
Kytt. Obsolete past tense of the verb to cut.
Latten, laten. A yellow metal; an alloy of base metals.
Lattener, latener. A worker in latten; ?a brassworker.
Loupe (lowpe) lights, loop lights. Long, narrow windows, usually widening inward.
Malengin, malengyne. Fraud, malice.
Marstones. Moorstones, pieces of a kind of granite.
Met. Obsolete past tense of the verb to mete; measured.
Pale. A stake, a stake fence.
Paper wall. ?A thin or insubstantial wall.
Pentice, penthouse. A lean-to building; sometimes an elevated passage.
Plate(s). A timber used longitudinally at the top or bottom of a frame.
Plat, platt. A plot (of ground).
Principal post. A main post or corner post in a wood frame.
Putgally, putgaley. A device for lifting water from a well.
Quarter(s) (timber). A timber, usually 4"×4", used in building as an upright in a wall.
Quoin, quoyne, coyne. The dressed corner stones of a building.
Rasen, raisen, resyn, etc. The timber laid on top of a stone wall, to which roof rafters are nailed.
Release, relees or relief. Often used to mean the residue or remainder of a thing; a projection; more technically, the distance between the top of a parapet and the bottom of the ditch beside it.
Siege, sege. A privy.
Skew (of a buttress). Angle, or a line of coping, or a gutter-slate.
Solar. An upstairs room, often used as a bedroom.
Somer, summer. A horizontal bearing beam supporting the joists of a floor.
Spurs. Struts, placed diagonally against an upright to support it.
Standard. ?An upright timber, support; ?a large chest (see 226).
Tewel, tonell, to well. A shaft, a privy shaft.
Tresance, tresaunce. A corridor.
Trestle, trestyll. A support, a braced framework.
Trunk (window). A tunnel or shaft made to let in light; here, designed to let in light while cutting the view.
Wainscot. Panelling of wood, wood panels.
Wareboards. Boards, often projecting towards the street from a shop, for the purpose of setting out merchandise; part of the fixtures of a shop.
Water table. A horizontal ledge, along the side of a wall, to keep rain from the base of the wall.
Withdraught. A privy.