BHO

Glossary

Pages 163-164

London Viewers and their Certificates, 1508-1558 Certificates of the Sworn Viewers of the City of London. Originally published by London Record Society, London, 1989.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying and sponsored by London Record Society. All rights reserved.

Citation:

GLOSSARY

Binding joist. A joist carrying other joists.

Brases. Braces, usually timber.

Cabin. A small room, a bedroom.

Campshed, campshide. Campshot: the facing of the bank of a river with planks.

Causey, cawsey. Causeway: a paved area, the paving of a street.

Coyne, see quoin.

Defence. A fence.

Dog(g). A clamp, a device for holding two things together.

Dormant, dormaund. Fixed or stationary; ?dormer.

Draught house. A privy.

Entertise, enterteyse. A horizontal beam which acts as a connection between two upright ones.

Fillet gutter. A sloping gutter with a raised rim.

Fled (out). Fluctuating, wavering.

Foreign, foreyn. Short for foreign chamber, a privy.

Frame. The wooden structure of a building, composed of various beams etc. fitted together.

Gable end. The upper end of the wall at each end of a pitched roof.

Garner, garnar. A storehouse for grain.

Groundsill. The timber foundation for a building, usually a wooden building; the lowest horizontal beam in the plate.

Headland. A boundary.

Implements. Equipment, as household equipment.

Jakes. A privy.

Jetty (jetie). An overhanging upper storey.

Kennel. The gutter of a street.

Kytt. Obsolete past tense of the verb to cut.

Latten, laten. A yellow metal; an alloy of base metals.

Lattener, latener. A worker in latten; ?a brassworker.

Loupe (lowpe) lights, loop lights. Long, narrow windows, usually widening inward.

Malengin, malengyne. Fraud, malice.

Marstones. Moorstones, pieces of a kind of granite.

Met. Obsolete past tense of the verb to mete; measured.

Pale. A stake, a stake fence.

Paper wall. ?A thin or insubstantial wall.

Pentice, penthouse. A lean-to building; sometimes an elevated passage.

Plate(s). A timber used longitudinally at the top or bottom of a frame.

Plat, platt. A plot (of ground).

Principal post. A main post or corner post in a wood frame.

Putgally, putgaley. A device for lifting water from a well.

Quarter(s) (timber). A timber, usually 4"×4", used in building as an upright in a wall.

Quoin, quoyne, coyne. The dressed corner stones of a building.

Rasen, raisen, resyn, etc. The timber laid on top of a stone wall, to which roof rafters are nailed.

Release, relees or relief. Often used to mean the residue or remainder of a thing; a projection; more technically, the distance between the top of a parapet and the bottom of the ditch beside it.

Siege, sege. A privy.

Skew (of a buttress). Angle, or a line of coping, or a gutter-slate.

Solar. An upstairs room, often used as a bedroom.

Somer, summer. A horizontal bearing beam supporting the joists of a floor.

Spurs. Struts, placed diagonally against an upright to support it.

Standard. ?An upright timber, support; ?a large chest (see 226).

Tewel, tonell, to well. A shaft, a privy shaft.

Tresance, tresaunce. A corridor.

Trestle, trestyll. A support, a braced framework.

Trunk (window). A tunnel or shaft made to let in light; here, designed to let in light while cutting the view.

Wainscot. Panelling of wood, wood panels.

Wareboards. Boards, often projecting towards the street from a shop, for the purpose of setting out merchandise; part of the fixtures of a shop.

Water table. A horizontal ledge, along the side of a wall, to keep rain from the base of the wall.

Withdraught. A privy.