London Viewers and their Certificates, 1508-1558 Certificates of the Sworn Viewers of the City of London. Originally published by London Record Society, London, 1989.
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CORPORATION OF LONDON RECORDS OFFICE MISC. MSS. BOX 91 [C] (Loose Certificates Filed Temp. Edward VI and Mary)
1547–49 (nos 206–266)
Shewen unto your good Lordship and discrete Wisedoms the xxvth daye of Februarye in the fyrste yere of the reign of our soveraign Lorde King Edward the Sixthe John Hylmer, Wyllm Walker, John Russell, and Gylbert Burffaine, the iiii maisters of Fremasons and Carpenters, viewers indifferent sworne to the said Citie, that where as they were late charged by your honorable commaundement to viewe and oversee a variance in the parishe of Crystes Churche within Newgate of London betwene John Vandernott, Phisicyon, playntif, of the one partye And Thomas Eyre, defendaunt, of the other partie, Whiche variance is for the Reparying of the Ten[emen]t where the said Thomas Eyre dwelleth and holdethe by lease. Thereupon the said viewers say the said John Vandernott beinge Owner and Landlorde owethe of right to make newe the plates of the said house agaynste the Este partie therof, the whiche be sore dekeayed and sonken and by reason thereof there is a Chymney in the ketchyn whiche is sore dekeyed and sonken whiche owethe of right to be reparyd by the said John Vandernott. And the forsaid Thomas Eyre owethe of right to repayre the walles with quarters, Lathe, Lome and Nayles after the newe playtynge of the said house. Also with other thinges as wyndowes and walles above in the Seconde Story that be dekeyed. Also there is a jakes whiche is a Noysaunce to the said tenement whiche is partable betwene the said partie defendaunt and one Maister Norres, Gentilman usher, and oweth of righte to be clensed and repayred at the costes and Charges of bothe the said parties. Also the Southesyde of the tenement is to be repayred with tilynge and owethe to be done by the said Thomas Eyre. Also the said Thomas Eyre hathe ii other tenementes by lease wherein there is a . . . whiche ys paved with brycke sore dekeyed for Lak of pavynge with stone and rottethe the [?front] of the house. And also the sayd house hathe nede of tylynge and daubynge and mendynge of the S . . . and pype of lede with other reparacions nedefull. Also there is reparacion to be done in the tenement there belonginge to John Vandernott nowe in tenure of Wyllm Hasyllwood by lease, the whiche reparacion for the pryncypalles owethe of right to be done by the said John Vandernott with newe plates under a shed of a Woodhouse towardes the West of the same house and the reparynge of certayn Chymneys where nede requireth. And the said Wyllm ought to repayre the same houses as well with quarters of tymber, Pentyses, Lathe, Nayles, daubyng, tyles and tylynge, As with all manner of workmanship appertayninge to his lease. Whiche is much dekeyed. Also there is an open galarye paved with stone whiche is sore dekeyed bothe tymber, stone, and lede and lyke to fall Whiche oweth of right to be repayred at the costes [and charges of] the said Wyllm Hasylwoode, all savynge the princypall.
Parish of St. Benet Gracechurch. Variance between Richard Ivatt, grocer, pl., and Patrick Cornysshe, fruiterer, def., concerning the repairing of the great tenement or inn called 'the Taberd' in Gracechurch Street (Graceyoustrete) with appurtenances belonging to it. The view is at the desire of pl. The viewers say that pl., lord and owner of the tenement, is bound to repair and maintain all principals of the tenement with appurtenances at his costs and charges when need requires. Def., tenant, is bound to all other reparations, that is to say stone walls, bricks, or tiling, where needed: stone, bricks, tile, lathe, nails, and workmanship. Def. is also responsible for carpentry work: timber, boards for floors, quarter-boards, and quarters for pentices which are broken, planks for the stable's doors or windows, and workmanship. Also for daubing the walls, lathe, for nails, loam, and quarters where the walls are broken, both stuff and workmanship. Also for gutters of lead where needed, and glass windows. Also for cleaning the sieges and withdraughts and for maintaining the tenement with appurtenances from wind and rain, wind tight and water tight. The viewers say that the repairs to make the tenement tenantable will cost £13 6s. Def. shall and ought to do all the aforesaid reparations before [the Feast] of St. Bartholomew the Apostle [24 August] next coming without any further [?delay].
Parish of St. Lawrence in the Jewry. Variance between Richard Rede, salter, and Mistress Margaret Parke, widow, concerning an old stone wall and other edifications or buildings there between the parties. The view is by assent of both parties. The viewers say that there are two tenements with appurtenances belonging to Master Rede, 25 ft. in breadth against the N and against the king's highway now called Cateaton (Catton) Street, from the NW corner post of the house adjoining the little alley there stretching eastward to the NE corner post of the house of Rede. From the NE corner post, they stretch southward 16 ft. 4 in. There the houses and ground belonging to Rede are 24 ft. 6 in. in breadth from the said alley against the W stretching eastward. Stretching further southward from the 16 ft. 4 in., which is [?a total of] 34 ft. 8 in., the houses and grounds belonging to Rede are in breadth 24 ft. 5 in. from the alley against the W stretching eastward. They ought of right to be line right and plumb from place to place and limit to limit as aforesaid and according to the evidence or deed of Rede. Without etc.
Parish of St. Ellen without Bishopsgate. Variance between Jane Hawt, gentlewoman and widow, and James Josken, gentleman, concerning the repairing and cleansing of a withdraught or jakes partible between them. The view is by assent of both parties. The viewers say that Mistress Hawt ought of right to have a space 7 ft. in length and 4 ft. in breadth at the ground over the withdraught or jakes, plumb upright to the floor of the first storey. The jakes is partible between the parties. The jakes and its floor are fallen and broken and ought to be repaired and cleansed. Mistress Hawt has but one stool of easement to fall into the cistern of the jakes and Mr. Josskyn has three; the viewers say he ought of right to pay for three parts of the charges for the cleansing of the cistern and jakes and she ought of right to pay and bear one part. Moreover, he ought of right to bear and pay all the charges and costs for timber, boards, and workmanship of the floor that has fallen down, for as much as is within his own ground. Without etc.
Parish of All Hallows in Honey Lane. Variance between John Butler, pl., and John Atkynson, def., concerning the setting up of a little frame of timber. The viewers say that def. has set up the little frame, 18 ft. long and 7 ft. high, upon his own ground. It stands on the frame of the house of def. The viewers say that every owner may lawfully build upon his own ground line right and plumb. The lead gutter there between the parties is a partible gutter, for conveyance of the water of both their houses, and so ought of right to continue hereafter for easement of both parties.
211. [C.6] (fn. 1) 10 October 1547.
Parish of St. Peters beside the late Austin Friars. Variance between Mr. Chalenger, gentleman, pl., and John A'Borowe, def., concerning the [?despoiling] and taking away timber of the house wherein def. now dwells. The viewers say that def. has spoiled and taken down . . . W side of the old hall of the house, which was 27 ft. in length and 6 ft. [?in breadth] and 8 ft. in height to the rasen. The principal posts of the old hall . . . the W side 5 in. thereof is cut away. There are taken away from the hall [?certain] brases of old timber, which is a great decay to the hall. There was a timber porch 7 ft. square before the hall door, which has been taken away. Def. has taken away a large bay window of timber, and glazed, that appertains . . . schedule annexed to certain indentures thereof made. As more at length is [?set out] in the said indentures.
Parish of St. Leonard's in Eastcheap. Variance between Thomas Kendall, pl., and William Kynge, butcher, def., concerning a principal post of the entry of pl. on the W side coming into the entry of the tenement [?called] 'the Smyte', Eastcheap, which post is 9 in. of size and is partible between the parties. It bears one leaf of the door of the entry of 'the Smyte'. There is also a door of def., coming out of his shop into the entry of pl., which ought of right to be stopped up and to have no recourse or way into the entry of pl. nor to diminish (mynysshe) the entry. And def. ought to enjoy all he has above the entry. There is also a variance between pl. and Anthony Cowley, grocer, def., for the bearing of the water of the side of a house of def. [Cowley] which is 11 ft. 10 in. in length. The water falls into the gutter of pl. and ought of right to be borne with a fillet gutter of def. Or else def. to agree with pl. for bearing the water. 'All which foresaid variance oweth of right to be reformed as is aforesaid without there be any evidence or specialty to shew the contrary.'
Parish of St. Botolph without Aldrichgate. Variance between William Carter, barbersurgeon, pl., and the wardens of the Trinity Brotherhood within the parish of St. Botolph, defs., concerning the making of a pale or lawful fence between the gardens or grounds of the parties lying in the parish. The ground where the pale or fence should stand is 52 ft. in length from Pylkyngton's place against the S stretching northward to the tenement called 'the Wollsacke'. It ought of right to be made line right and plumb between two stakes there set indifferently between the said grounds by the viewers, whereas there is now no indifferent fence. The pale or fence ought of right to be made at costs and charges of pl. against the W part toward the ground of defs. that is called 'the Wollsacke'. The rails and points of the nails ought to be turned to pl. Without etc.
Parish of St. Gabriel Fenchurch. Variance between I wold Docwraye, pl., and John Haynes, def. The viewers say that of late times past def. or his predecessors have encroached eastward beyond the frame of def. within the ground of pl. and made a room for a privy or jakes. The encroachment is 11 ft. 6 in. in length from N to S and is 5 ft. in breadth within the walls. The encroachment, they say by all their discretion, ought of right to be withdrawn by def. so that pl. may have and enjoy his own ground as aforemeasured. Without etc. Also, the viewers have viewed and seen at . . . desire of pl. the reparation which is needed to be done in and upon the . . . tenement there in the tenure and holding, by lease, of Evered Shepperd; the tenant is bound by lease to all manner of reparations. They say there is needed a . . . plate of timber 10 ft. in length at the N end of the kitchen and another plate 7 ft. long at the . . . side of the kitchen. And there is a principal post at the S . . . post of the kitchen which is sore decayed and perished by water falling from a [?gutter]. The corve of the well needs to be repaired. Also, the house that is . . . needs repairing, both carpentry and tiling.
Parish of St. Michael in Cornhill. Variance between Bryan Calverley, pl., and John Camewe, Thomas Sentalbye, John Goodolphyn, and one Mr. Camewes, defs., concerning a house stretching 16 ft. 6 in. in length northward from a house of defs. and 10 ft. 10 in. in width from the W of the house of defs. and stretching E abutting the house where Thomas Baker now dwells. The viewers say that of right pl. ought to have the whole house and frame of 16 ft. 6 in. in length and 10 ft. 10 in. in width, because it is all one frame. 'Except there may be any evidence or specialty to shew the contrary.'
216. [C.II] (fn. 2) 21 October 1547.
Parish of St. Martins Outwich. Variance between John Rypleye, pl., and George . . ., def., concerning an old stone wall between the properties and certain buildings and housing made and set up on the wall. The viewers have viewed and searched and seen the variances together with other variances between the parties as hereafter follows. They say that from a SW post of a house belonging to pl. standing upon the old stone wall and stretching E 15 ft. 4 in., the wall is partible between the parties. Twelve inches of the thickness of the wall by all that length belongs of right to pl. Stretching more eastward 6 ft. 4 in., there is a brick wall 11 ft. 4 in. in length, which by all its length and thickness belongs to def. At the E end of the said 11 ft. 4 in. there is another wall stretching eastward, 23 ft. 5 in. in length, which is partible in all its length. Four in. of the thickness belongs to pl. Stretching more eastward 19 ft. to an old shed of pl. where of late time a frame of new timber was built and set up, the wall is partible. pl. ought to have 9 in. of the thickness all the length, line right and plumb from place to place as limited. Without etc.
Parish of St. Mary Hill. Variance between Christopher Draper, ironmonger, and Thomas Lucas, fishmonger. The view is by assent of both parties. The viewers say there is a great gate coming out of the street there against the E end of the church of St. Mary Hill, which leads into a great yard or void ground with other edifications and houses within the gate held by lease of Lucas. Draper has and holds by lease within the great gate upon the W part of the yard a great cellar or warehouse by the ground and a stair going up to certain houses above and over the cellar, with a great jetty jetting eastward over the yard. The viewers say by all their discretions and by the words and grants of the leases of both parties that Lucas ought of right to have all the yard by all the length and breadth both E and W to the wall of the cellar, as well under the jetty as without, to lay his wares or merchandises, so long as he stops no light of the cellar windows. Furthermore it shall be lawful for Draper to have his recourse with horses and carts and all manner of carriages and recarriages in at the said great gate and yard to his cellar and the edifications over the cellar at all times, without let or disturbance of Lucas or any of his assigns. Without etc.
Parish of St. Katharine Coleman. Variance between the Master and Wardens of the Fishmongers and John Busshe, goldsmith, concerning the new making of a brick cellar by Busshe. The view is by assent of both parties. The viewers say that the W end of the cellar is encroached and set upon and within the ground of the Master and Wardens from the N part of the cellar stretching southward 14 ft. 4 in. By all the said length the cellar and brick wall is set westward 13½ in. within the ground of the Master and Wardens. It shall be lawful (leifull) for the Master and Wardens and their successors at all times to build upon and take the 13½ in. by all the said length as their own proper ground and wall. [The land is also theirs] stretching more southward from the said 14 ft. 4 in. to the NE principal corner post of the house of the Master and Wardens along by their pale, which ought to be line right and plumb from place to place. Without etc.
Parish of St. Mary Colechurch in the Old Jewry. Variance between William Wyatt, pl., and William Pery and Martin Pery, his son, defs., concerning an old garret which has been used for a hay loft belonging to a brew house called 'the Rose'in the Old Jewry, which brewhouse defs. hold by a lease for many years yet to come. The viewers say that the garret or hay loft is 34 ft. 6 in. in length N and S and is 14 ft. 6 in. in wideness E and W. The nether part of the floor of the garret is under the upper part of the rasen of the said garret 9 in. The garret is in peril of falling and is set over and above certain tenements there belonging to pl. 'And people dwellinge in the said Tenementes, yf it [the garret] fall, it will distroye them that dwell [there].' Therefore, the viewers say, it is so decayed, the joists, the rasens, and the rafter being broken and in peril of falling, that it cannot be repaired but must be taken down, with the tenements under it, to the ground, and must be newly built, all the nether part at costs and charges of pl. The garret and hayloft are to be taken down and new made at costs and charges of defs. Because the said parties def. are bound by their lease to all manner of reparations.
Parish of St. Alphaes within Cripplegate. Variance between Robert Harrys, gentleman, pl., and Sir Ralph Rowlett, knight, def., concerning a little void ground. The viewers say that the ground is 5 ft. 4 in. in breadth or wideness at the N end against the brick wall belonging to the Curriers' (Coryers') garden, between an old brick wall belonging to pl. on the E and a new brick wall on the W towards the garden of def. The ground is 14 ft. 4 in. in length stretching southward to the gable end of a house belonging to pl., where it is 4 ft. in breadth between the foresaid old brick wall against the E and the new brick wall against the W. The void ground belongs to pl. by all the length and breadth. And 4 in. of the new brick wall on the W of the little void ground belongs to pl. for all its length. Without etc.
221. [C.16] (fn. 3) 2 March 1548.
Parish of St. Dunstan in the East. Variance between the masters and wardens of the Mercers and Thomas Cuttull, tallowchandler, concerning an old stone wall. The view is by assent of both parties. The viewers say the old stone wall is 52 ft. 4 in. in length from the king's highway of Thames Street against the S, stretching northward to the NW corner post there belonging to the Mercers. Of the stone wall, 2 ft. of the thickness belongs to Cuttull. Stretching more northward from the corner post to a new brick wall of a house belonging to Cuttull, the wall is 23 ft. 1 in. in length and 2 ft. of the thickness belongs to Cuttull. And all the thickness of the rest of the wall eastward belongs to the Mercers for the entire length. Without etc.
Parish of Our Lady in Aldermanbury. Variance between the master and wardens of the Brewers, pls., and Lewes Stockkett, def., concerning a little ground in the parish. The viewers say that def. holds certain tenements with a little ground lying and being under the E end of the Brewers' hall by lease of the dean and chapter of the Cathedral Church of St. Paul. The ground is 21 ft. 4½ in. in length from the SE corner post there belonging to the Brewers' hall stretching northward. It is 3 ft. 10½ in. in breadth from the old stone wall there belonging to the Brewers' hall stretching eastward to the outside of the principal post of the hall. The viewers say that the little ground has of old time belonged to def. Def. ought of right to maintain and uphold all the principal posts that stand there within the said little ground up to the floor of the Brewers' hall at his own proper costs and charges as often and when need shall be. Pls. ought of right to have and enjoy all manner of lights belonging to them as they now are and have been used of old custom. Without any disturbance of def. Unless there can be any evidence or specialty etc.
Parish of Our Lady called Colechurch. Variance between William Hamond, pl., and Mr. William Locke, alderman, def., concerning six tenements that pl. holds by lease for years yet to come. The viewers say that the six tenements are 106 ft. 1 in. in length from the SW corner principal post stretching eastward by the king's highway called Bucklersbury. They are 22 ft. 2 in. in breadth or wideness from N to S, stretching from the foresaid SW corner principal post northward to the NW corner principal post of the tenements. They are 18 ft. from the NW corner principal post stretching eastward by the king's highway called the Poultry. All the houses and tenements are well and sufficiently repaired according to the words of the [lease] that pl. holds of def. Without etc.
[No variance stated]. The viewers have been charged to view a little ground lately parcel of the churchyard of St. Nicholas Shambles, which the wardens of the Butchers of London desire to have by lease with the parsonage for certain years to come. The little ground is 10 ft. in breadth from the E side of the parsonage stretching eastward and it is 26 ft. in length from the N side of the church stretching northward to the outside of the stone wall of the churchyard. The viewers say that it is necessary for the Company and shall be no manner of hurt or prejudice to any part of the lights of any part or parcel of the same church.
225. [C.20] (fn. 4) 10 July 1548.
Parish of St. Michael in Bassishaw. Variance between John Grymes, pl., and Edward Boner, def., concerning three tenements and certain ground in Horsehed Alley, of which houses and ground def. has a lease and which was void ground at the taking of the lease. The viewers say there is a gutter between pl. and Henry Modye, mercer, which ought of right to be partible between the houses. Except there be any evidence etc.
Parish of Christ Church within Newgate. Variance between Robert Traps, William Southwood, Fabyon Wythers, and Simon Palmer, wardens of the Goldsmiths, pls., and Thomas Blage, haberdasher, and John Shorton, skinner, executors of Jane Jewett, widow, defs., concerning certain implements and standards belonging to the great house or tenement called the sign of 'the White Horsehed' which belongs to pls.: certain seats, benches, doors, locks and keys, glass, lattice, and windows that are there fixed and fastened. The viewers say that they ought of right to remain there as implements and standards of the said house according to the ancient custom of the city of London. Without etc.
Parish of St. Mary Woolchurch. Variance between Steven Cobbe, pl., and George Whetnoll and Alice, his wife, and William Bynynge, defs., concerning a lease of two tenements belonging to pl. and for a chamber over one of the tenements. The viewers say that the chamber stands within the tenement of pl. and he ought of right to have it. Except the words of the lease be to the contrary or any other evidence be shewed to the contrary.
228. [C.23] (fn. 5) 27. . . ?1548.
Shewen unto your good Lordship and Discrete Wysedoms the xxviith day of. . . Second yere of the reign of our Soveraign Lorde Kynge Edward the Syxth [John Hilmer], Wylliam Walker, John Russell, and Gilbert Burffame, the iiii maysters of the Fremas[ons and carpenters], viewers Indifferent Sworne to the said Citie, that where as they were [late charged by your] honorable commaundement to viewe and oversee a variaunce in the parish of [St. Dunstan in] the West of London betwene Robert Fletewood, gent., playntif of the one partie, [and Edmond] Walter, gent., defendaunt of the other partie, Where as the said iiii viewers were desyr[?ed to] oversee parcell of the tenement there belongynge to the said Robert Fletewood . . . intendeth to take downe parte of the olde house and to newe buylde the same . . . thei say that the grounde and olde house now standynge whiche is to be . . . in Lenght fro the North syde of a princypall post of a house of the sayd Robert. . . made agaynst the Southe stretchynge Northwarde xxxiiii feet ix ynches . . . sayd olde house whiche ys to be newe buylded ys in Bredthe at the South . . . x ynches of assyse. And yt ys in Bredthe at the Northe ende thereof xx foote . . . Further the sayd viewers saye that for bearyng of the water of the said Tenements . . . sayde . . . that yt oweth of ryght to be conveyed and borne as yt was when the sayd Tenements . . . all one [?parcel]. Except the partyes otherwyse do agree. Moreover, as touchynge the makynge of the pales or fences [?between the] Gardeyns of the sayd partyes, the sayd viewers saye that the sayd Robert Fletewode oweth of right to make the pale beynge upon the right hande of his grounde with the postes and Rayles toward his owne grounde. And the foresayd Edmond oweth of right to make the pale upon the . . . hand of hys grounde with the posts and Rayles towarde hys grounde, lyneright and plomb, [from] place to place and from Lemett to Lemett, Without there be any other evydence or comp . . . be shewed to the contrarye.
Parish of St. Margaret in Friday Street. Variance between the master and wardens of the Cordwainers, pls., and John Thatcher, merchant taylor, def., concerning a stone wall there belonging to the Cordwainers. The viewers say that the wall is 22 ft. in length from the SE corner post of an old house stretching northward. Def. has taken away 10 in. of the wall all the length, whereby it is likely to fall down. 'Except there be Spedye Remedye for the same, contrary to right and consciens.'
Parish of St. Faith's in Paul's church yard. [No variance stated]. The viewers have viewed a house and great stone wall in the parish, which Thomas Dewexsell, pl., owns and occupies by deed of gift. They say that on the S it abuts on Paul's churchyard for 18 ft. 4 in. along the ground, from the dwelling house of one James Holiland on the E stretching W to the dwelling house of one Henry Tabbes. Stretching N from Paul's churchyard to the tenement belonging to the Bridge House, the house and stone wall are 14 ft. 11 in. in breadth from E to W. There is a gutter to convey water which ought to run from Tabbes' house through Dewexsell's house as of ancient custom it has been used. And Holiland has a jetty of 2 ft. 1 in. all the length of his house, which ought of right still to stand, except etc.
Parish of St. Mary Abchurch in Candlewick Street. Variance between John Broke, executor to George Monox, draper, and Francis Pope, tenant by lease, pls., and Robert Decroft, grocer, def., concerning a warehouse and loft. The viewers say that def. has a warehouse and loft over pls.' kitchen all under one roof, which ought of right to belong to pls. 'Except the partie defendant had the seid warehouse and lofte at the tyme of a certeyn decree made in my lorde Cardenall's tyme when he was Lorde Chancelor of England, onless there be any other evidence or specialtye to the contrarye to be shewed.'
Parish of St. Foysters in Foster Lane. Variance between Thomas Holland, haberdasher, and Thomas Rede, goldsmith, churchwardens of the parish, pls., and Thomas Dewye, goldsmith, def., concerning a house belonging to the parish church. The viewers say that there is an old stone wall on the N side of the house of pls. From that wall stretching southward there is a house 13 ft. 9 in. in breadth; it contains 13 ft. 3 in. from a gable end of def. at the W stretching E. From the lower side of the plate to the upper side of the floor (flower) is 8 ft. 2 in. Def. ought to have the house. It is lawful to pls. to build over it and set up their house on it. Pls. are to have 9 in. of the stone wall on the N and to build a floor over the little house, at their own costs. They are not to move the floor of the house of def. Pls. occupy two little lofts over the entry with a jakes between the parties; they ought to do and have so 'except there be any man that can shewe any writing, evidence, or specialty to the contrary.'
[West Smithfield]. Variance between Edward Basshe, pl., and Richard Daye, def., concerning two houses. One is a house which belonged to the abbot and convent of Burton upon Trent, which pl. purchased of the king's grace. The other is a house belonging to Little St. Bartholomew in West Smithfield, in which def. dwells. The viewers say, by seeing of the parties and other ancient men, that there was a lane or highway that went from Smithfield to the Town Ditch. Pl. has built a brick wall by his gate; one end of his wall stands 19½ in. upon the lane. He also has a door opening upon the lane, which he ought to have, and a gallery standing upon the lane 4 ft. 11 in. On the other side, def. has built his house beyond the wall standing upon the lane, which the viewers say ought not to be except there be any writing, evidence, or specialty or covenants to the contrary. (fn. 6)
Parish of Christ Church. Variance between Richard Bradbery, citizen and saddler, pl., and George Tadlowe, citizen and haberdasher, def., concerning a piece of ground that sometime was a parish church called Saint Ewyins [Audoen] within Newgate of London, which ground abuts part of a tenement or inn called 'the Bell' wherein pl. dwells and a former church ground which def. holds by lease. The variance is for a porch or way adjoining the late church. The viewers say that there is a way or porch abutting the house or inn of pl. From a principal corner post of the NW side of pl.'s house or inn stretching northward to an angle of a wall [the ground is] 5 ft. 2 in. in breadth. From that angle stretching E to a quoin or corner of a stone wall [the ground is] 6½ ft. All the ground within this said square of the ground so measured is parcel of the king's highway street there. Except there be any man that can shew any writing or evidence to the contrary.
Parish of St. Botolph without Bishopsgate. Variance between John Strilley, vintner, pl., and John Gates, clothworker, dwelling at the sign of 'the White Harte' without Bishopsgate, def., concerning a brick wall and fence belonging to pl. by lease. The viewers say that the brick wall on the N side of the ground belongs to pl. Twenty-five feet of the fence and wall have fallen down from W to E, which pl. ought to make up at his own cost. The SW corner of a stable or house of def. stands 6 in. on the wall of pl.; it stretches 8 ft. eastward. At the E end it does not stand upon the wall. It ought not of right to stand upon the wall, for all the wall belongs to pl. all its length. Except etc.
Parish of All Hallows in Lombard Street. Variance between the master and wardens of the Fishmongers, pls., and Master Thomas Curtes, pewterer, def., concerning certain houses and gutters. The viewers say that there is a certain gutter of pls. on the W side of their houses and on the N side of the house of def. From the high street stretching S there is a lead gutter which contains 18 ft. between their houses, which pls. ought to repair at their own cost and charges. Further S at the end of that gutter there is another gutter of 31 ft. 6 in. It is a party gutter; each party ought to bear their own water there through their own grounds. There is another gutter at the end of the party gutter which belongs to pls. Def. has taken away some of the lead of that gutter and has taken up the tiles of pls.' houses. Def. ought to re-lay the gutter and to tile pls.' houses at def.'s cost and charges. Either party to bear his [sic] own water in their own ground after the manner and custom of the City of London. Except etc.
Parish of St. Lawrence in the Old Jewry. [Variance between] Nicholas Bacon, mercer, pl., and Roger Andrewes, innholder of 'the Mayden Hed' there, def., concerning a house and appurtenances in Catling Street alias Cat Street, (fn. 7) belonging to pl. The viewers say that there is a yard on the E side of the house of pl. From the king's highway it stretches N 44 ft. 6 in. to a corner post of the house of pl. and from that post E 14ft. 9 in. to another principal post. From that house it stretches S 24 ft. 3 in. toward the gatehouse of def. Each of the parties ought to bear his own water according to the custom of London. Also, there is a house at the N side of pl.'s that belongs to 'the Sarson's Hed' and that has a gutter from which water falls to the ground of pl., which ought not of right to be; every man ought to bear his own water after the manner and custom of London. Except etc.
Parish of St. Bride's in Shoe Lane. Variance between Peter Newes, pl., and Thomas Cole, dwelling in the parish of St. Andrews in Holborn, def., concerning certain houses with a garden held of pl. The viewers say that there is a fence on the N side of pl.'s house and garden and the S side of def. 's. The fence stretches line right W from the NW side of a corner post of the house of pl. to a little elm which is pl.'s; it contains 96 ft. From that elm it stretches further W 9 ft. to a hedge abutting westward toward the ground of the Goldsmiths of London. The fence is pl.'s and he ought to make a sufficient fence. From the post of the house beforenamed stretching E to the king's highway is pl.'s. Both parties ought to bear their own water according to the custom of London, except etc.
Shewen unto your good Lordships and discrete wysdomes the vth day of Aprill in the thyrd yere of the Reign of our soveraign lord Kyng Edward the VIth Willm Walker, John Russell, Gylbert Burfane, and Nicholas Ellys, the iiii masters of Freemasons and Carpenters, viewers indifferent sworn to the said Cytie, that where as they were late charged by your honorable Commaundement to viewe and oversee a house and the Cellers, Solers, and Buyldings therof in Bowe Lane in the parish of Aldermary of London in the Warde of Cordwaner strete of London, sett & being on the southside of the parishe churche of Aldermary aforsaid, belonging to one John Apsley, Citizen and merchanttaillor of London, plaintif of thone partie, and Jefferey Hamlyn, also Cytizen and merchanttaillor of the same Cytie, defendant on the other partie, All whiche houses & buyldinges therof being in variance betwene the said parties, the said iiii viewers have seen and viewed And therupon they say that the partie plaintif hath bought thre ten[emen]tes there together with Cellers, Solers, Chambers, Loftes, and all other theire Apperteining therunto belonging, appertayning, or being parcell of one [blank] Overton, who bought the same of the Kinges Majestie in as ample manner and forme as the same and every parte therof to our said soveraign lorde the kinge dyd come and belonge by Acte of Parliament. As by his writings and conveyances therof to the said partie plaintif made more playnly appereth. And further the said iiii viewers say that the said house that the said partie plaintif dwelleth in and the ii other his ten[emen]tes therunto adioyning be all under one hole and entier Frame, And that the partie plaintif ought of right to have all the Cellers and other Appurtenances under the same frame by all the lenght and bredeth therof lyne right and plombe by vertue of his said purchase, except a certen entrie or way whiche is there going inwards to the house of the partie defendante from the said strete of Bowlane through and underneath the frame of the house of the partie plaintif. The whiche hath bene used of a custome for a way to goo into the house of the said partie defendant, And they say that the entrie conteyneth from the said Lane Eastward xii fote of assise and in breadth north and south five fote iii Inches of assise. Whiche we say the said partie defendant ought to have. Except there be any writing, evidence, or specialtie to the contrary to be shewed.
Parish of St. Margaret Pattens. Variance between Sir John [?Kidson], parson of the same . . . of the one part and Edward Rewe and Robert Duckett, churchwardens of the same, of the other part, concerning a little house beside the parsonage there. The viewers say that the churchwardens ought of right to have the little house, which was at some time a store house, to their proper use and to repair it at their cost and charges and to set it there away from the parsonage so that it does not rest upon the parsonage house. The parson is to have the course into the churchyard to come and go as he has had . . . of a long custom.
Parish of St. Stephens in Coleman Street. Variance between Hugh Davy, currier, pl., and Edward Cloxton, mercer, def., concerning a garden place and the fences of the same. The viewers say that pl. should have the garden with egress and regress into, through, and from the same at all times needful and convenient by the alley there called Swan (Swane) Alley, which alley ought to be 4 ft. 6 in. in breadth, and by all other alleys and ways to and from the same as of old time has been used and accustomed, as by deed it more plainly appears. Also, def. ought to make the fence between Swan Alley and his own garden at his cost and charges. In def.'s garden there stands a little house. From the NE corner post of that house stretching E all the length of the garden to the common sewer, there is a fence which ought to be made by pl. at his cost and charges by Lammas Day [August 1] next coming. Also there is another fence to be made on the N side of the garden of pl.; a house stands there, and from its SE corner post stretching E to the common sewer, the fence ought to be made by one Mistress Jekyll, widow, at her cost, by Lammas Day. Except etc.
243. [C.38] (fn. 8) 26 May 1549.
Parish of St. Dunstan in the West. Variance between William Blage, tailor, pl., and Richard Wheler, tailor, def., concerning a foundation of a wall for a house to be set up. The viewers say that pl. ought of right to have 9 in. of the thickness of the wall by all the length thereof to have his plates upon, and so to raise his frame from the same line right and plumb. Except etc.
Parish of Christ Church. Variance between Hugh Losse, squire, pl., and John Vandernott, physician, def., concerning various tenements. The viewers say that there is a house, in which one John Hilton now dwells, which is tenantable, if repaired, for any honest man to dwell in. And there is a wood house that the viewers found in decay in the first view (fn. 9) that they made. [Repairs] have not been done and amended according to that view; 'for John Vandernott hathe doone the principalls and the partie defendant ought to quarter and daubbe it with all other reparacions thereto belonging and yt is yet undone.'
Parish of St. Botolph's without Bishopsgate. Variance between John Lowen, draper, pl., and Robert Dunkyn, tailor, [def.], concerning a way to certain gardens which have been purchased of the king's grace and which before belonged to a chantry in Paul's. The viewers say that from the king's highway on the E side of def .'s tenement, there is an entry 18 ft. long and 4 ft. 6 in. broad going into certain gardens of both parties. At the end of the 18 ft., there is a way to the gardens of both. Both parties and tenements ought to have their course to and from by and through the entry and way at all times convenient, and both ought to maintain the door with both posts of the door of the entry and to pave the king's high street the breadth of the entry, at costs of both. Except etc.
Parish of St. Pulcres without Newgate. Variance between George Alyn, skinner, pl., and the Lady Pecok, def., concerning a foundation in an alley called the George Alley in Seacoal (Cecole) Lane. The viewers say that it is 28 ft. 3 in. from the brick wall SE of pl. stretching E of a house now being built. From that corner post all the length of pl.'s grounds to an old pale post on the S side of his grounds, pl. ought to have [?the land] line right and plumb. It is 7 ft. from the old pale post to the S corner post of a tenement or shed of pl. Also, in the alley at the S side there is a brick wall. Pl. ought to have 6 in. of that wall. From the end of the brick wall stretching W to the little tenement or shed of pl., there ought to be a lawful fence or pale made at def.'s cost. Except etc.
Parish of Abchurch in Candlewick Street. Variance between Walter Williams, draper, pl., and John Mynors, draper, def., concerning a wall. The viewers say that the wall stretches S 19 ft. 9½ in. from the SE corner post of pl. to a house of def. At the N end of the wall, it encroaches 16 in. on the lane called Bell Alley and at the S end, [it encroaches] 2 ft. It ought not of right so to do. Except etc.
Parish of St. Benet Graschurche. Variance between John Starky, the king's fletcher, and Leonard Richeman, armorer, concerning a brick wall. The view is a party view. The viewers say that from the brick wall on the N side of the ground of Starky and from the W end of that wall stretching S to the N corner post of a house of one Ralph Clarves, grocer, Starky ought to have the wall line right and plumb from limit to limit all the length of the wall. Except etc.
Parish of St. Sepulchre without Newgate. Variance between My Lady Pecok., pl., and George Alyn, [def.], concerning tenements and grounds in an alley called Pecok Alley. The viewers say that there is a little house on the NW side of pl.'s ground which contains 20 ft. 3 in. from W to E to a corner post; it contains 4 ft. 1 in. from the corner post more N to the wall of def. Def. ought of right to have the house and grounds by all the length and breadth aforesaid. Also, there is a door coming into pl.'s grounds in the alley from the Clothworkers' grounds there adjoining, which ought not of right so to be. And either of the parties ought to bear his own water after the manner and custom of the City of London. Except etc.
Parish of St. Botolph Aldrichgate. Variance between the Chamber of London, pl., and William Harvie, otherwise called Somersett, (fn. 10) def., concerning a piece of ground without Aldersgate. The viewers say that the ground on the E side of the gate, from the town wall to the def.'s wall, ought of right to belong to pl. And because there was at some time a way there, def. ought to have his lights into the said grounds. Except etc.
Parish of St. Saviour in Southwark. Variance between Thomas Hedgson, pl., and [blank] Kightley, widow, concerning a piece of ground. The viewers say that there is a pale from a stone wall on the S side of the church yard stretching northward 23 ft. 6 in. to a corner post; from that post, it stretches E to a house of pl. containing 25 ft. 6 in. The ground is the lord's waste ground and the pale ought to be taken away. (fn. 11) Except etc.
Parish of St. James in Garlickhithe. Variance between Miles Byre, pl., and George Colsell of the parish of St. Martin in the Vintry, def., concerning a house belonging to pl. The viewers say that there is a stone wall between pl. and def. on the NE side of pl.'s house; it is 27 ft. 2 in. in length from a lane called [blank] lane and now commonly called the Church Lane, stretching S to a party [?wall] of both parties. The viewers say that the wall is pl. 's all its length from the [?upper] side of the floor of the cellar upward; in the cellar, def. ought to have 13 in. of the wall between the parties. Also, pl. must keep and bear up the somers that stand in the walls at his cost and charges; afterwards, def. shall maintain them at his cost continually forever. Either party is to bear his own water at his own cost and charge, according to the [custom] of the City of London. Except etc.
Parish of St. Faith within Paul's Church. Variance between Robert Toye, pl., and Sir Richard Smyth, one of the Petty Canons of Paul's, def., concerning a house on the W side of Paul's churchyard leased by pl. from the bishop of London. Def.'s house belongs to the Petty Canons. The viewers say that pl. ought of right to have all his house or tenement by the ground as it now stands on the W side of Paul's churchyard and abuts (butts) onto a wall of def. Def. has on the a wall a jetty that sails over pl.'s ground, which he ought to have to its outer part. Beyond the jetty, pl. may build hard by and upright at his pleasure and either party is to bear his own water. Except etc.
Parish of St. Michael in Bassishaw. Variance between Faith Patenson, widow, at the sign of 'the Bell' there, pl., and John Martyn, baker, def., concerning a brick wall at the S end of pl.'s ground. The viewers say that def. has broken and put down the wall with the laying and setting up of his wood against the same. The wall is 30 ft. 3 in. in length and 4 ft. 6 in. in height beside the coping thereof. The viewers say that def. ought of right to make the wall of the same thickness, length, and height with the coping as it was before the breaking, substantially and workmanly, before Christmas now coming at his own cost and charges. He is to have the old bricks remaining from the wall toward the making of the new wall. Also, there was of late a jakes of pl.'s house which def. has taken away contrary to right, and which he ought to build up again at his cost because the jakes was there when pl. purchased the house. Either party is to bear his own water of his own house after the custom of the city. Except etc.
Parish of St. Lawrence in the Old Jewry. Variance between Roger Andrewes, innholder, dwelling at the sign of 'the Maydenhed' in Cateaton Street (Catlyng Street, alias Catte Street), and Nicholas Bacon, mercer, def., concerning a gutter and the bearing of its water. The viewers say that either of the parties ought to bear the water of his own house upon his own ground. Also, there is a brick wall on the N end of the court of def. The water by half the coping of the wall falls onto pl.'s house, which it ought not of right to do. Def. ought to bear his own water and not annoy his neighbor thereby. Except etc.
Parish of St. Katharine Coleman. Variance between Mistress Beatrice Bodley, pl., and John Rauf, def., concerning a way to certain gardens, pales, and garden ground and fences thereof. The viewers say that pl. ought of right to have her way to her garden or gardens quietly, without any let or stop at any time. Also, there is a wall or fence at the N side of pl.'s garden abutting on the ground called the Lord of Northumberland's place, in the tenure of one Chapman. Chapman ought to repair and make the fence of the yard at his costs and charges. Also, there is a pale or fence of pl. on the W side of her ground which she ought to make up line right and plumb. 'Also there ys a dore of the partie defendaunt's house that goeth into the Aley there by the gardeyn of the partie plaintiff, the which dore we cannot denie hym, But we thinke that there may evyll inconveniences growe by yt if that dore do stonde there. Unto all this we the said viewers ar agreed.' Except etc.
Parish of St. Augustine in Watling Street. Variance between Christopher Nycolson, pl., and John Thatcher, def., concerning a way and certain lights and buildings. The viewers say that pl. took his dwelling house by lease, with free passing to and fro at all times without let of any person or persons. Def. has built a house before the door of pl. and has stopped the light of a window of pl. Further, def. has made an entry 3 ft. 6 in. broad for pl. to go into his house. Pl. ought of right to have the entry upright and all the lights of the entry. Def. is to make pl.'s house as he found it, so that he [?pl.] may have his eaves dropping upon his own ground as it was before, when he took his lease. Except etc.
Parish of St. Pulcres. Variance between Peter Grene, pl., and William Lambkyn, def., concerning windows in a street called Suterhill Street. The viewers say that def. has three windows [looking] into pl.'s grounds 'and there were somtyme bordes against theym after tronk [trunk] light[s], whiche the partie defendant hath broken downe and we say that the partie defendant shall take the same bordes and set theym up agayn in manner and forme as herafter foloweth: firste to the lower wyndow the borde for to be nayled close at the lower parte of the wyndowe and at the higher parte of that wyndowe, to be fro the wall xvi inches, and to cutt the vywe all the lenght of the lyght. And to have the more light. Also the ii higher wyndowes lykewise for to be nayled close at the lower parte of theym windowes and xviii inches fro the wall at the higher parte of the wyndowes.' Pl. may build upright by the wall at any time at his pleasure so long as 'it be not done in no poynt of malice', except etc.
Parish of St. Michael in Cornhill. Variance between Edward Perye, draper, pl., and Stephen Cobb, haberdasher, def., concerning certain gutters in Finch (Fynkes) Lane. The viewers say that pl. had a gutter running from his kitchen with a lead pipe, which def. has lately taken away; def. ought to set the pipe in the place where it was before, at his own proper costs and charges. Pl. has a gutter of lead on the W side of his house which ought to fall into def.'s yard. There is also another lead gutter on the E side of pl.'s house which is a party gutter and ought to be repaired from time to time at both parties' cost. Further, all the water of the gutters ought to fall into the yard of def., because it was one lord's ground before it came into the king's hands. Therefore the viewers say that def. ought to bear the water, except etc.
Parish of St. Christopher's in Cornhill. Variance between Thomas Banaster, pl., and John Jakes, dwelling on the side of pl., def., concerning the fence of both their houses. The viewers say there is a double wall, on which each party ought of right to make the fence of his own wall. Also, there is a house on the W side of pl. which belongs to the Drapers and pl. is now building up a new house on the N side of the Drapers' house; he may build it line right and plumb as the foundation is now standing. Also, there is a house on the N side of pl. belonging to one Thomas Lawrence, and pl. has the lower part of the house and Lawrence has the upper. Pl. must keep up and maintain the lower part and Lawrence must tile and cover the upper part and keep it windtight and watertight. Pl. will build up a house on the E side of that house and Lawrence ought to have the walls of the new house, pl. to build upright by the wall of the said house. Each man shall bear his own water according to the custom of the City of London, except etc.
263. [C.58] (fn. 12) 21 November 1549.
Parish of St. Mary Woolchurch. Variance between . . . parish of St. Stephen in Walbrook, pl., and . . . [St.] Nicholas Olive, Bread Street, def., concerning two vaults or falls of certain jakes which pl. has cleansed at his proper cost . . . that as many falls as be to the said vaults ought of right. . . cleansing to the cleansing of the said vaults and . . . the pl. . . . has taken down a little coal [?house] . . . second storey of 3½ ft. of size in breadth and . . . pl. ought of right to make . . . as many tunnels or jakes as there was at the . . . and height as there were then at his proper costs . . . Except . . .
Variance between Thomas Ormeston, pl., and the master and wardens of the Merchant Taylors, defs., concerning a fence and garden. The viewers say that pl.'s garden at its N end contains 37 ft. 6 in. in breadth from a brick wall on the W side stretching E. From the SW end stretching E to a pale and plumb draft in the brick wall, it contains 27 ft. Pl. ought of right to have all the ground as measured and to make all pales at his cost and charges, line right and plumb from limit to limit. Except etc.
Parish of St. Mildred in Bread Street. Variance between Adam Chatterton, pl., and Richard Humfrey of the same parish, def., concerning a stone wall on the W side of pl.'s house. The viewers say pl. ought of right to have the whole wall. Except etc.
Parish of St Leonard in Eastcheap. Variance between Robert Southwyk, pl., and William Alen and Anthony Cowley, churchwardens of the said parish, concerning the vestry of the church, which is under pl.'s house. It contains 11 ft. 8 in. from W to E and from the church wall N, 9 ft. 8 in. Pl. ought to have his house over the vestry as it was and as he had it at time of his purchase and no more nor otherwise. Except etc.