Journal of the House of Lords: Volume 12, 1666-1675. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1767-1830.
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DIE Veneris, 21 die Septembris.
E. of Aylesbury introduced.
This Day Robert Earl of (fn. 1) Aylisbury was introducted in his Robes, between the Earl of Bedford and the Earl of Essex, being likewise in their Robes; the Lord Great Chamberlain of England and Garter King of Arms going before.
His Lordship having presented upon his Knee his Patent of Creation and his Writ of Summons to the Lord Chancellor, they were delivered to the Clerk of the Parliaments, who read some of the Preamble of the Patent; and then the Writ, dated at Westm. the 17th of September, A° 18° Regni Sereniffimi Domini nostri Caroli Secundi, Dei Gratiâ, Angliæ, Scociæ, Franc. et Hib. Regis.
His Majesty sitting in His Throne, arrayed in His Regal Robes, the Peers being likewise in their Robes; the Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod was commanded by the King to repair to the House of Commons, and signify His Majesty's Pleasure, "That they presently attend Him, with their Speaker."
The King's Speech.
"I am very glad to meet so many of you together again; and GOD be thanked for our Meeting together in this Place! Little Time hath passed, since we were almost in Despair of having this Place left us to meet in: You see the dismal Ruins the Fire hath made; and nothing but a Miracle of GOD'S Mercy could have preserved what is left from the same Destruction. I need make no Excuse to you for dispensing with your Attendance in April. I am confident you all thanked Me for it. The Truth is, I desire to put you to as little Trouble as I can; and I can tell you truly, I desire to put you to as little Cost as is possible. I wish with all My Heart, that I could bear the whole Charge of this War Myself, and that My Subjects should reap the Benefit of it to themselves. But we have Two very great and powerful Enemies, who use all the Means they can, fair and foul, to make all the World to concur with them; and the War is more chargeable (by that Conjunction) than any Body thought it would have been. I need not tell you the Success of this Summer, in which GOD hath given us great Success, and no Question the Enemy hath undergone great Losses. And if it had pleased GOD to have withheld His late Judgement by Fire, we had been in no ill Condition.
"You have given Me very large Supplies for the carrying on the War. And yet I must tell you, if I had not, by anticipating My own Revenue, raised a very great Sum of Money, I had not been able to have set out the Fleet this last Spring: And I have some Hopes, upon the same Credit, to be able to pay off the great Ships as they come in. You will consider what is to be done next, when you are wellinformed of the Expence. And I must leave it to your Wisdoms, to find out the best Expedients for the carrying on this War with as little Burden to the People as is possible. I shall add no more, than to put you in Mind that our Enemies are very insolent; and if they were able this last Year to persuade their miserable People, whom they mislead, that the Contagion had so wasted the Nation, and impoverished us, that we would not be able to set out any Fleet, how will they be exalted with this last Impoverishment of this City, and contemn all reasonable Conditions of Peace! And therefore I cannot doubt but you will provide accordingly."