Journal of the House of Lords: Volume 13, 1675-1681. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1767-1830.
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TITUS OATES his Narrative.
Titus Oates's Narrative concerning the Plot.
"1. IMPRIMIS, Richard Strange Provincial, John Keines, Bazil Langworth, John Fenwick, and Mr. Harcote, Jesuits, did write a treasonable Letter to one Father Suiman an Irish Jesuit, in the which was contained their plotting and contriving a Rebellion in Scotland, of Presbyterians, against the Episcopal Government; and in order to which they had employed one Mathew Wright and Wm. Morgan, and one Mr. Ireland, to go and preach under the Notion of Presbyterians, and give the disaffected Scotts a true Understanding of their sad State and Condition in which they were, by reason of Episcopal Tyranny exercised over them; and withal to tell them, "that they had now a fair Opportunity to vindicate their Liberty and Religion, and that it could be done by no other Way but by the Sword; and that now the King was so addicted to His Pleasures, that He would and could but take little Care in that Concern." And in the said Letter it was expressed, "that they had gotten an Interest in his Royal Highness, but they would deal with him as they thought fit; and that they were resolved to use all Means to weaken the King of England's Interest, by informing His Friends of His own Intent to betray them into the Hands of a Foreign Power, to wit, to send them to fall by the Sword in the French King's Wars against the Consederate Princes:" Which Letter bare Date Apr. 29th, 1677, Stylo Novo; 19th, Stylo Veteri.
"2. That the Persons abovementioned gave the Deponent Ten Pounds, to carry the said Letters to the said Father Suiman into the Kingdom of Spaine to Madrid, the said Suiman being there Procurator General for the Kingdom of England and Ireland; and, in order to the which Message, the Deponent embarked himself in The Biscay Merchant, whereof Luke Roche was then Master, to go for Bilboa, and there took Mules for Valladolyd; but, staying a Day at Burgos in Spaine, broke up the said Letters, and found these Contents in the same.
"3. That they of the Society of St. Om'rs, the English Seminary there, sent a Mission of Twelve Students into the Kingdom of Spaine, (videlicet,) Eight to Valladolyd, and Four to Madrid, there being English Colleges in both Places, in order to study Philosophy and Divinity; which Missioners were sent by Richard Ashby, Richard Peters, Nicholas Blundell, and Charles Peters, as appeared by their Patents of the several Missioners, by which they had Power to demand Admission in the respective Colleges to which they were sent; whom they, in the Deponent's Hearing, did oblige to renounce all Allegiance to His Majesty of Great Britaine; and those of Valladolyd were taught by one Daniel Armstrong, the Minister of the English College at Valladolyd, "that the said Oath of Allegiance is heretical, antichristian, and devilish; and that Charles Stuart King of England is no lawful King, but came of a spurious Race; and that His Father was a Black Scotchman, and not King Charles the First:" This was delivered, in a Sermon, to the Students there, on September 29th, which Sermon the Deponent did hear; and, in this Sermon, the said Daniel Armstrong did in plain Words say, "That the King of England was a Bastard." Now this Daniel Armstrong goeth in Spaine by the Name of Joseph Mundford; in Spanish, Padir Joseph Montcsortio.
"4. That the said Daniel Armstrong, alias Joseph Mundford, did bring Letters from St. Omers, to the English College at Valladolyd, to the Fathers of that College, written in Latyn, they being Spaniards, in which it was expressed and related, from the Fathers of St. Omers, "that the Fathers of the Society in London have procured one Father Bennyfield to be Confessarius to his Royal Highness; but, if they saw that his Royal Highness did not answer their Expectations, they would dispose of him, as they did intend to dispose of his Brother the now King, which they hoped to effect within a Year:" Which Letter bore date June 10th, 1677, and subscribed by Richard Ashby, alias Thimbleby, Rector of the English Seminary of the Society of Jesus in St. Omers, Richard Peters Minister, Edward Nevill Prefect of the Studies, Charles Peters Prefect of the Sodality, and Thomas Fermour Prefect of Manners; the which Letter the Deponent saw at Valladolyd, in the Kingdom of Spaine, in the Month of September.
"5. That Father Suiman abovementioned wrote to the English College, to the Fathers there, "that the King of England was poisoned, to the great Joy of the English Fathers; and that they would serve King James so, if He did not give them good Assurance of bringing in the Catholic Religion, and of rooting out Protestant Religion:" This Letter bore Date the 1st Day of July, 1677; and was seen and read by the Deponent, at Valladolyd, in the Month of July, near the latter End of the said Month of July.
"6. That one Father John Crosse, alias Blake, who went with the Four Students to Madrid, did bring Letters from Richard Strange Provincial of the Jesuits, and one Father Gray a Jesuit, and John Keines, to Father Suiman abovementioned; in the which was specified, "that all Diligence was used, by the said Richard Strange, Father Gray, John Keines, to procure some Persons to dispatch the King, and put a Period to His Days;" which Letter bore Date June 10th, 1677, Stylo Novo. Now the Deponent, being sent to Madrid by the Spanish Fathers in the Month of August, near the Feast of St. Bartholomew, saw the said Letter, and read it, in Father Suiman's Chamber, he shewing it at the same Time to James Archbishop of Tuam of the Kingdom of Ireland.
"7. That the said Father Suiman received another Letter, bearing Date July 20th, Stylo Novo, from Richard Strange, Father Gray, John Keines, Bazil Langworth, John Fenwick, Father Ireland, and Father Harcoat; in the which they did manifest, "that they were very sorry for informing that he might assure himself that the Business was done; their Man William, being saint-hearted, could not then do it, though he had One Thousand Five Hundred Pounds promised him for his Pains;" of which Letters the English Missioners were informed one by one, those at Madria by John Crossc, alias Blake, and those of Valladolyd by Daniel Armstrong, Jesuits: The which Letters of the 20th of July, from the aforesaid Jesuit, to Suiman, the Deponent saw in the Chamber of the said Suiman, and so did the Archbishop of Tuam, at the same Time when he saw the Letters mentioned in the 6th Paragraph or Number.
"8. That, on the 3d Day of November, Stylo Novo, Father Pedro Jeronymo de Corduba, Provincial of the Jesuits in New Castile in Spaine, did write to Richard Strange Provincial, and John Keines Jesuit, "that, if the Business of dispatching the King of England could be effected, they should have Ten Thousand Pounds for their Pains;" which Letter the Deponent brought out of Valladolyd to Bilboa, and embarked in a Ship within Five Days after his Arrival there, and in Five Days got to England, and landed at a little Town near Exeter, and in Six Days more got to London, delivered it to Richard Strange, and when opened, it being in Latin, was read by the said Strange, and he said, "That all Means should be used to answer Father Pcdro's Expectation;" and in the Letter to Strange was One enclosed to this Keines, by the Name of Juan de Neaporto, de la Compania de Jesus, which Letter the said Keines offered me to read; but, because of their Spanish Abbreviations, which I did not well understand, I could make little or nothing of; therefore the aforesaid Strange did give me the Letter sent to him, Strange saying, "that I understood Latyn better than Spanish;" so that I read the said Letter, and found the Contents abovementioned; and the said Keines, being ill upon Strange's Bed, said, "He hoped that God would strengthen honest William's Heart, to do his Work:" Now this William, as they call him, is a Servant to the Society in London. This Strange did lie then at Mrs. Sanders' House in Wild Street, in Wild House, where the Deponent heard this Discourse from the said Strange and Keines.
"9. That the said Richard Strange, John Keines, Bazil Langworth, Father Harcote, John Fenwick, Father Ireland, Father Gray, Father Jennyson, Father Saunders, and Father Ecclesden, did write a Letter, and subscribed it, and sent it to St. Omers, to Richard Ashby, alias Thimbleby, Rector of the English Seminary there; in the which the Fathers were given to understand, "that the King was given to Drinking, as well as Whoring; and that they had an Intent to procure One to stab Him in His Court at White Hall; and if that could not be so conveniently done, they would employ One of His Physicians to poison Him; and for the Work, they had Ten Thousand Pounds in the Hand of one Worsley, a Goldsmith in London, which Money was procured for them by one Father Leshee, a French Jesuit, and Confessarius to the French King;" which Letters the Deponent saw and read, and saw them so subscribed by the Persons abovementioned, and carried them to St. Omers. He went down to Dovor by Coach, a Place in which was taken up for him by the said honest William their Servant, whose Name indeed is John Groves, in the Beginning of December, 1677, Stylo Veteri.
"10. That Letters were enclosed in this Letter aforementioned to the said Father Leshee, in which Thanks was given him, by the said Fathers that had subscribed the Letter to Richard Ashby abovesaid, for his great Charity to them, and his Care in propagating the Catholic Religion; and that all Means should be used to destroy the Opposers of it, both Root and Branch: Which Letters bore Date either the 6th or 7th of December; which Letters the Deponent did carry from St. Omers to Paris, and delivered them into the Hand of the said Father Leshee about the 18th of December, as near as the Deponent can remember.
"11. That other Letters, bearing Date December 12, were sent, from Richard Strange and others of the Society of London, to those of the Society in the English Seminary at St. Omers, and in them Letters were enclosed to the said Father Leshee, in which they told the said Father Leshee, "that they had stirred up the Presbyterians in Scotland to a Rebellion; and that Twenty Thousand would be in Arms, if that His Majesty of France would break with the King of England; and that a Way was made also for the French King's landing an Army in Ireland; and further, that the Irish Catholics were ready to rise, in order to which, there was Forty Thousand Black Bills provided, to furnish the Irish Soldiers withal:" Which Letters were subscribed by Richard Strange, John Keines, and John Fenwick, and directed on the Outside "To Richard Ashby Rector;" which Letter was shewn to the Deponent at his Return from Paris to St. Omer's by the said Richard Ashby. And the Deponent faith, That the Letters to Leshee were carried by an especial Messenger to the said Father Leshee, for which the said Messenger had Ten Pattacoons, or Royals of Eight, as the said Ashby informed the Deponent; and this Messenger was a Drummer in the Town of St. Omers.
"12. That, in another Packet, bearing Date the 18th of December, 1677, in the which it was specified "that the Father General of the Society of Jesus had written from Rome, and had removed Richard Strange from being Provincial, and had conferred the Provincialship upon Thomas White, alias Whitebread; and the said Thomas Whitebread ordered, that one Father George Conicrs should preach on St. Thomas of Canterburye's Day, in the Sodality Church, in the English Seminary, against the Oaths of Supremacy and Allegiance; and that he should exhort the Fathers to stand by the new Provincial, who would be as zealous to promote the bringing in of Catholic Religion into England as ever his Predecessor was, and would not leave a Stone unturned to promote the same:" Which said Letter was directed to, and read by, the said Richard Ashby, and communicated by him to the Deponent; and this was about December 24th, that Ashby communicated it to the said Deponent.
"13. That, in another Packet, bearing Date December 26, it was ordered, by Thomas Whitebread, Richard Strange, John Keines, Bazil Langworth, John Fenwick, Father Gray, Father Harcoate Senior, Father Harcoate Junior, Father Micho, Father Bennifield, Father Ireland, Father Blundell, Father Jennison, and some others of the Society, "that Father Leshce should be written unto, by Richard Ashby and the Fathers of St. Om'rs, and informed, that the Fathers beforenamed have met together, to contrive the Advancement of the intended Design of a happy Disposal of His Majesty of Great Britaine, and of His Royal Highness, if he should not appear to answer their Expectations; but the former giving no Hopes at all, they would endeavour his Dispatch with all Speed that might be, that He might not hinder their Designs in bringing in Catholic Religion; and that, if they could not find an Opportunity to take Him from His Kingdom, they would soon take His Kingdom from Him:" Which Letter the Deponent saw in the Hand of Richard Ashby, and desired to read; but the said Richard Ashby, in Compliance, would read it to him in the Chamber, on the Second Day of January.
"14. That, in the said Letters of Decemb. 26, it was specified, "that Richard Nicholas Blundell was constituted, by Patent from the Provincial, to be Ordinary at Newgate, to go and visit the condemned Prisoners, and to reduce them to the Catholic Faith and Religion, and to catechise some Youth in the City of London; and every Day in the Week he hath his several Places, where he teacheth Youth treasonable and mutinous Doctrines, against the Interest and Person of His Sacred Majesty, and giveth certain Sums of Monies to their Parents, if poor, to encourage them to send their Children to be thus instructed;" which Passage was contained in the aforesaid Letters, and afterwards practised in London.
"15. That another Packet came to Richard Ashby, to St. Omers, from Thomas White, John Keines, and others of the Society of Jesus in London, in which, from them and others, were enclosed Letters to Father Stapleton Procurator at Brussells, to persuade the Father Confessor of Duke de Villa Hermosa to inform him, "that His Majesty of Great Brittaine did not intend to assist His Majesty of Spaine, but to stand a Looker-on, till He was ruined by the French King;" which Letter, being not sealed, was seen and heard read by Richard Ashby then Rector of St. Omers; in which it was further ordered, "that if the said Father Confessor should not be ready to comply with the said Stapleton, that Messengers should be forthwith sent to Father Suiman, at Madrid, to inform His Majesty of Spaine of the said Concern, and to make the same Relation of the Business to the Archbishop of Tuam of the Kingdom of Ireland, now at the Court of Madrid, that he the said Suiman and the Archbishop of Tuam might jointly give an Account to the King of Spaine of the Motion made, or to be made, to the said Confessor of Duke de Villa Hermosa, and also to advise the Spanish King to seize the Estates of the English Merchants in the several Factories of His Dominions, for that they had endeavoured to transport their Estates, and did transport them to England, which would tend highly to the Prejudice of the Kingdom of Spaine;" and for the Confirmation whereof, they procured Letters from one Fonseca, sometimes an Agent in London, to attest the same; to which the said Fonseca willingly condescended, and sent his Letters to St. Omers to be sent to the Court of Spaine, that the Fathers might give their Approbation: Which Letter was long and large, Attestations therein made against the Merchants resident in their several Factories concerning the Matter of Fact beforementioned; and also other Letters to Daniel Armstrong at Valladolyd, and to John Crosse at Madrid, in the which they were ordered to confirm this Affirmation made, or to be made, by the Fathers in England, and of the English Seminary at St. Omers, and of the said Stapleton, together with that of the said Fonseca the abovementioned Spanish Agent, who now liveth at Bruges in Fland'rs. All which Letters were dated the 1st and 2d of January, 1678, Stylo Novo; all which the Deponent saw at St. Omers. And in the Two Letters to these Two Fathers in Spaine, (videlicet,) Daniel Armstrong and John Crosse, was contained an especial Order, that the former, if he could not go to Madrid, he should send his Attestation to Don Juan of Austria;" and for the carrying on of which, Two Hundred Pounds Sterling was transmitted, by Bills of Exchange, to the said Father Suiman and the said Two English Fathers.
"16. That, when the Letters that came from England, about the Business beforementioned, to St. Omers, Edward Nevill and Thomas Fermour did say, "That they would not let this Black Bastard go to His Grave in Peace, meaning the King of England; for that He had cheated them so often, that now they were resolved to be served so no more:" But the Deponent, standing by, said, "What if the Duke should prove slippery?" They both replied, "That his Passport was ready, whenever he should appear to fail them." These Words were heard by the Deponent, on the 3d of January, in the Afternoon, in the Library of St. Om'rs.
"17. That, on the 4th January, 1678, Stylo Novo, Letters were sent, from Richard Ashby, Edw. Hall, Edward Nevill, Charles Peters, Wm. Buzby, James Janion, Thomas Fermour, Michael Constable, Jesuits of the English Seminary at St. Omers, as also from Francis Williams Rector of Watton and Master of the Novices there, Sir John Warner Baronet alias Father Clare, Father Sanchy alias Ditchiling, to the Father Confessor of the Emperor's Majesty, to advise the Emperor's Majesty, "that His Majesty of Great Brittain had treacherously plotted the Ruin of the Consederates, especially of the Germane Empire, and of His Catholic Princes under Him, and had underhand stirred up the Hungarian Rebels against His Imperiall Majesty, and found them Monies to go on with their Rebellion; and that His Design was, not to keep any Alliance with His Imperiall Majesty, but only in Shew, that He might advance His Nephew the Prince of Orange and make him absolute; and therefore prayed, that The States of Holland might have Notice of it;" which Letter was seen and perused by the Deponent, it being written in the Latyn Tongue; all which Letters were sent away by a Lay Brother that was a Dutchman. And when these Letters were sending away, One of the Lay Brothers, whose Name was George, did say, "That the Prince of Orange was more fit to rob an Orchard, than to be General of any Army."
"18. That Letters, bearing Date January the First, 1678, Stylo Novo, arrived at St. Omers January 20th, from Archbishop Talbot Archbishop of Dublin, wherein it was expressed, "that the Fathers of the Society in Ireland were very vigilant to prepare the People to arise, for the Defence of their Liberty and Religion, and to recover their Estates; and that if the Parliament that was to sit in England should join with the King in declaring War against France, and should put His Majesty upon engaging in a War with the French King, that a Place should be open to receive the French King's Army in Ireland, when His Most Christian Majesty should think fit to land One there; and, in the Letter, he advised the Fathers of St. Omers to advertise Father Leshee of the same, and other Jesuits that had an Interest in the French King; and that His Majesty of Great Britaine was brought to that Pass, that if any Malecontent amongst them should not prove true to their Design, His Majesty would never give Ear to their Information; and therefore prayed them to be diligent, for now was the Time, or never;" which Letter the Deponent saw, and read; and, in order to the Fathers Compliance with the Letter of the said Archbishop, they dispatched away Letters to Father Leshee to Paris, and appointed Edward Nevil and Wm. Buzby to carry them, and deliver them to the said Leshee; which Letters were answered with all Speed by the aforesaid Messengers, Jesuits, as above; the One of them being Prefect of Studies, and the other Procurator for the Seminary, and by them wrote Letters to Thomas White Provincial, and to the Rector of St. Omers, (videlicet,) Richard Ashby; but of that to the Provincial the Deponent can give no Account: But of that to Ashby the Deponent faith, That there was in it expressed, "that the Father General of the Society of Jesus would contribute Eight Hundred Thousand Crowns, to be paid in the Month of June next coming; and that His Holiness the Pope would not be wanting to supply them, when they had made some Progress in that glorious Attempt."
"19. That another Packet arrived at St. Omers, directed to Rich. Ashby Rector of the English Seminary there, the Date of which is not well remembered; it was about the Beginning of Parliament; for there came the Speeches of the King and Lord Chancellor, and the Votes of the Parliament, which were put into ridiculous Phrases, in Contempt of the King and both Houses of Parliament, for the Fathers and Scholars to laugh at, and then translated into the French Tongue, and presented to the Governor of St. Omers, who sendeth them to the French King his Master. And in the Packet was contained an Account of the Attempt of one Pickering, a Lay Brother that waits upon the Jesuits lying at Somerset House, to shoot the King as He was walking in St. James's Parke, when He was at some Distance from His Nobles and Attendants; but, the Flint of his Pistol being something loose, he did defer the Action till another Opportunity; and if he had done it, and had suffered, he should have had Thirty Thousand Masses said for the Health of his Soul: Which Letters were signed by Thomas White, alias Whitebread, Provincial; which Letters when received, the Fathers at the English Seminary were in great Trouble for the Negligence of the said Pickering; which Letter the Deponent saw, and read, in the latter Part of January; and the Votes put into such mock Phrases, as also the Speeches of the King and Lord Chancellor, in the Month of February.
"20. That the Deponent went, on the 29th of January, to know of his Confessarius, "Whether he might keep the 30th of January as a Fast?" The Confessarius replied, "That the Account with them was on the 9th of February, because that Accounts of England did differ from the Account on that Side of the Water." The Deponent asked him, "Whether then he might keep the 9th of February as a Day of Fasting?" The Confessarius asked him, "Why?" The Deponent replied, "Because of the Martyrdom of the late King." And he replied, "That the late King was no Martyr, but an Heretic;" and withal added, "That he was not King James's Son, but a Bastard, begotten upon the Body of Anne of Denmark by her Taylor." This Confessarius is a Jesuit, and his Name is Charles Peters Prefect of the Sodality.
"21. That Letters, bearing Date February 1st, Stylo Novo, from Thomas Whitebread, John Keines, John Fenwick, Father Ireland, Father Micho, to Richard Ashby Rector of St. Omers, then ill of the Gout, and to the English Fathers there, did let them understand, "that they had sent William Morgan into Ireland, to see how Affairs stood in that Kingdom, and expected his Return by the End of March next; and that he set out of the 26th of January; and that they had given him Instructions to order the Affairs in Hand, and to encourage the Irish Natives to defend their Religion and Liberty; and his Companion was one Father Lovell, who was to go into the North of Ireland, to see the Fathers of the Society there, and carried Two Thousand Pounds to supply their present Wants, and to promise them Four Thousand more in case there should be any Action."
"22. That another Packet came from Thomas White, alias Whitebread, Father Mico, Father Ireland, Father Harcoat, and others of the Society in London, bearing Date February 7th, 1678, Stylo Novo; in the which was contained an Account of the Fathers Progress in Berkshire, Oxfordsh. and Essex, in persuading the Catholics that were Votaries for the Order of St. Ignatius to contribute for the Irish Rebellion, and maintaining a Civil War in that Kingdom, in case the French King should break with the King of England; and also, "that they had received Letters from Scotland, in the which they were informed that the People would rise to oppose Duke Lauderdale and the Royal Party in that Kingdom, by which Means they thought to weaken both Parties in that Kingdom, and also that they would endeavour, by themselves, their Agents, and their Purse, to provoke the Scotch against the English;" and withal told the Fathers of St. Omers, to whom this Packet was directed, and by whom it was received, "that they should be glad to effect such a Design;" which Packet the Deponent saw, and read Letter by Letter.
"23. That the Fathers of St. Omers, (videlicet,) Richard Ashby Rector, Edward Hall, Edward Nevill, and others there of the English Seminary, did write to Thomas Whitebread and other Fathers; in the which it was expressed, "that it was now apparent, that Catholic Religion was to be brought in the same Way that they had used for the Destruction of the Father of this King; and as that could not be effected till much Blood was spilt on both Sides, so this must be effected by the Effusion of Blood; and withal prayed them to prosecute their Design in taking away the King, and if his Royal Highness should not comply with them, to dispatch him too, for they did fear that never any of the Stuarts were Men for the effecting their Ends and Purposes:" And in this Letter, Instructions were given to the Fathers, to feel how his Royal Highness stood affected; which Letter bore Date February 19th, Stylo Novo; which Letter was signed by the Persons abovenamed, in the Presence of the Deponent, who did compose these Letters for them, according to Direction given him by them; which Letter was, to the Deponent's Knowledge, carried into England by one Father Eury, who then went for England.
"24. That an Answer of the aforesaid Letters of February 29, New Style, dated February 20th, Old Style, came from Thomas White, John Keines, and Bazill Langworth, Richard Peters, John Fenwick, Father Ireland, Father Harcoat, Father Blundell, Father Mathew Wright, and Father Thomas Wright, and Father Jennison, and one Father Simmons who sometimes belongs to Somersett House, who also signed with the rest the said Answer; which told the Fathers at St. Omers, videlicet, Richard Ashby, to whom the Letter was directed, and the rest, "that they found, that although the Duke was a good Catholic, yet he had a tender Affection to the King; and would scarcely be engaged in the Concern; and if they should but once intimate their Designs and Purposes unto him, they might not only be frustrated of their Design, but also might lose his Favour:" Which Letter the Deponent saw, and read, in the Month of February, Stylo Novo.
25. That the Fathers of the English Seminary at St. Omers did oblige one Brother George, a Lay Brother in the said Seminary, to go away for Ghent in Flanders, to the English Jesuits there, with a Letter from St. Omers, dated February 26, Stylo Vetert; and the said Brother George arrived there Febr 28, Stylo Vetert; and the Jesuits there advised the Fathers, in one of March the 1st, Stylo Vetert, "that the Secular Clergy should be treated withal about the Business," but they finding them then at that Time to be Men inclined to live in Peace and Obedience to their Prince, the Fathers, videlicet, Thomas White, &c. answered them, in one of March 10th, Stylo Vetert, "That the Clergy were a Sort of rascally Fellows, that had neither Wit nor Courage to manage such a great Design; and did pray them of Ghent and them of St. Omers to be of good Cheer, for their Design went on well both in Scotland and Ireland; and the fatal Blow should be given to the Black Boy at Whitehall with all the Speed that might be:" Which Letters to them at Ghent, and from them of Ghent to the Provincial, they being brought back to St. Om'rs before they went to the Provincial, and also these of March 10th, the Deponent saw and read.
"26. That there was an Attempt to make an Assassination upon the Person of His Sacred Majesty in the Month of March, several Days, as He was walking in the Park, and once as He was going to the Parliament House, by this honest William and Pickering, but Opportunity did not offer itself; for the which the former (videlicet honest William) was chidden, and the latter had a Penance of Twenty Strokes with a Discipline on his Shoulders, it being judged by the Fathers the Effect of his Negligence:" Which Passage the Deponent saw mentioned in a Letter from Thomas White to Richard Ashby, bearing Date the 26 of March, Stylo Veteri.
"27. That, of the 1st of April, Letters came from Thomas White and the Fathers in London, to Richard Ashby and those of the English Seminary at St. Omers; in the which, the Fathers in London did give them of St. Omers to understand, "that William Morgan and Francis Lovell were returned out of Ireland; and that they had given them an Account, that the Irish were ready to rise, at Ten Days Warning, with Twenty Thousand Foot and Five Thousand Horse, and would let the French King into that Kingdom, if He should come to land an Army there; and that Father Lovell did give an Account, that Horse and Foot would rise in the North of Ireland; and that the People were patient, but very resolute; and that the Duke of Ormond, now Lord Lieutenant, is in a great Perplexity, to see Catholic Religion thrive so well in Ireland; and that there are Persons that have secretly taken Commissions from the General of the Society of Jesus, by virtue of a Breve from the Pope, dated October 1st, 1673; and that they resolve to cut the Protestants Throats again, when once they rise." And in the said Letters, the Provincial summoned a general Consult to be held in London, and therefore commanded the Fathers on the other Side of the Water to be present; in which Letter the Deponent did see himself to be summoned to assist at the Consult, as a Messenger from Fathers to Fathers. This Letter the Deponent saw in the Month of April.
"28. That, in order to this Command, in Apr. 24, 78, Father Warren Rector of Leige, Sir Thomas Preston Baronet, Father Marsh Rector of Ghent, and Father Williams Rector of Watton and Master of the Novices, Sir John Warner Baronet, Rich'd Ashby Rector of the English Seminary at St. Omers, being sick of the Gout, could not go; but out of the said Seminary went Sir Robert Bret Baronet, Father Poole, Edward Nevill; there were in all with the Deponent Nine or Ten, who met in London, in Consult, with Thomas Whitebread, Father Harcoate Senior, and Father Harcoate Junior, John Fenwick, Basil Langworth, Wm. Morgan, John Keines, Father Lovell, Father Ireland, Father Blundell, Richard Strange, Father Micho, Father Gray, and others, to the Number of Fifty Jesuits, met at The White Horse Tavern in The Strand, where they plotted their Designs for the Society, and ordered Father John Cary, who was also there, to go Procurator for Rome; at which Consult, thus held in the Month of May, the Deponent was present, to attend the Consulters, and deliver their Concerns from Company to Company: And then, a little after, they left The White Horse Tavern, and divided themselves into several Clubs or Companies; some met at Mrs. Sanders' House in Wild-street, others at Mr. Fenwick's at Aireses House in Drury Lane, others at Mr. Ireland's in Russell Street, near Covent Garden, and in other Places; all which, though in several Companies, Five or Six in a Company, did contrive the Death of the King; and in order to which there was Papers sent from Company to Company, which the Deponent did carry, containing their Opinions of the timeing their Business, and the Manner how it was to be done; and within Three or Four Days after the Deponent went to St. Omers, with the Fathers that came from the other Side of the Water.
"29. That, on the 10th June, Stylo Novo, came Thomas Whitebread Provincial to St. Omers, in order to visit his Colleges in Flanders and Germany; and in his Chamber, the 11th Day, where the Deponent was present, together with Richard Ashby Rector; and there told the said Ashby and the Deponent, "That he hoped to see the Fool at Whitehall laid fast enough; and that the Society need not fear, for He (that is, the King) is grown secure, and would hear no Complaints against them; and if the Duke should set his Face in the least Measure to follow his Brother's Footsteps, his Passport was made, to lay him asleep."
"30. That the said Thomas Whitebread, on the 13th of June, did tell the Rector of St. Omers, "That there was a Minister of the Church of England, that had scandalously and basely put out The Jesuits Morals in English, and had endeavoured villainously to render them odious to the People;" and asked the said Rector, "whether he thought the Deponent might possibly know him?" and the Rector not knowing, called the Deponent, who heard these Words as he stood at the Chamber Door of the said Provincial. And when the Deponent went into the Chamber of the said Provincial, he asked the Deponent, "if he knew him that was the Author of The Jesuits Morals?" The Deponent answered, "His Person, but not his Name." The said Thomas Whitebread demanded then, "Whether the Deponent would undertake to poison or assassinate the said Author?" Which the Deponent undertook to do, having Fifty Pounds Reward promised him by the said Provincial, and appointed to return to England. And the Deponent doth further testify, That, at the same Time, the said Provincial did in his Chamber say, "That he and the Society in London would procure Dr. Stilling fleet to be knockt on the Head, and also Poole that was the Author of the Synopsis Criticorum, for writing some Things against them."
"31. That Rich. Ashby, Rector of St. Omers, being ill that Evening with the Gout and Stone, videlicet, 13 June, desired the Company of the Deponent; and did tell the Deponent, "That Father Warren, who is now Rector of the Jesuits College at Liege, did, when he was Procurator at Paris, reconcile the late Lord Chancellor Hyde to the Church of Rome upon his Death Bed;" which Words were occasioned by the Deponent's taking Notice of the Dutchess of Yorke's, that was the Daughter of the said Lord Chancellor, dying a Papist. And the Deponent (when (fn. 1) he heard the said Ashby speak those Words) replied, "That he never heard any Thing of the Return of the Lord Chancellor." Answer was made, "That he the said Ashby was certain that the said Lord Chancellor was reconciled by the said Warren."
"32. That, on the 23 Day of June, in the Morning, New Style, the Deponent had express Orders presently to go for Callice, and then to take the Packet Boat, and so away for England, to attend the Motions of the Fathers in London, and to remain in London till he had Orders from the Provincial to the contrary; and gave the Deponent Four Pounds for his Charges, and promised the Deponent Eighty Pounds for Services already done for the Society in Spaine and elsewhere. And the Deponent faith, That he obeyed the Orders, and that Night got to Callice, and there met with Four Jesuits that were ordered for London; and on Friday 24th, New Style, the Deponent faith, they took the Packet Boat together, and arrived safely at Dover on Saturday Morning, where the Deponent met with John Fenwick, who had brought Eight Students to Dover, to transport them to St. Omers. And the Deponent faith further, That the Four Jesuits and the said Fenwick, who went to Dover by the Name of Thomson, and he the Deponent, took Coach about Eleven or Twelve a Clock at Noon; and at Barton, Six Miles on this Side Canterbury, the Coach was stopt, and a Box was seized of the said John Fenwick's by the Searchers of that Place; and when by them opened, in it they found Beads, Pictures, Images, and Agnus Deis, which were to be given by Blundell the Catechist to Young Children, to come to his Catechising Schools, and to be catechised by him; accordingly there was a Direction on the said Box, fixed, "To the Honourable Richard Blundell Esquire, London;" which Box remaineth so seized by the said Searchers. And if they had searched the Pockets of the said Fenwick, they had found such Letters upon him as the said Fenwick confessed to the Deponent might have cost him his Life; "they being, faith he, about the Concern in Hand." But the said Letter the Deponent did not see.
"33. That, in the Month of July, Richard Ashby came to London, with Instructions from the said Thomas Whitebread, or White, "that the Ten Thousand Pounds procured by Father Leshee, (fn. 2) and then in the Hands of one Worsley their Banker; and that the said Richard Ashby, with other Fathers, should treat and agree with Sir George Wakeman, about the Concern of poisoning the King; and that, if he would undertake it, he should have the Ten Thousand Pounds;" which the said Richard Ashby told the Deponent, shewing him the said Instructions by Way of Memorandum in Writing, in the which Memorandum was contained an Item, given by the said Thomas Whitebread to Richard Ashby, for the procuring the Assassination of the Right Reverend Father in God Herbert Lord Bishop of Hereford, "for that the said Bishop had been educated in the Popish Religion, and was fallen; and that they were resolved not to pity nor spare any Apostate from the Roman Faith." The said Richard Ashby asked the Deponent, "Whether the said Bishop were not a forward Man against Catholics?" And the Deponent, not knowing the said Bishop, told the said Ashby, "He could not tell." And the said Ashby did say, "That, Times now being ready to change, they would be ready to give, not only Apostates, but also those Heretics that had obstinately opposed the Proceedings of the Society, and their Agents in propagating the Faith and Interest of the Church of Rome, a just Reward for their Apostacy and infamous Obstinacy; and though the Parliament had taken away the Act for burning of Heretics, yet those should not escape the Vengeance of Catholics."
"34. That, in the Month of July, 1678, Richard Strange, the last Provincial of the Jesuits, came to the Lodging of Mr. Richard Ashby, who, before he went down to The Bath, lay in the new Provincial's Lodgings at Mrs Saunders' House, a Part of Wild-house, in Wild-street; and finding the Deponent, the said Ashby did desire the Deponent to meet him at his Chamber, at Mr. John Grove's, in York-street, near Covent Garden; and, after a very short Stay at Ashby's Lodgings, took his Leave of the said Ashby; and presently after, the Deponent took his Leave also, and followed the said Strange, and got to his Chamber presently after him, where the said Strange did encourage the Deponent to go on in assisting the Society in carrying on the Design; and thereupon told the Deponent, "that they had got Fourteen Thousand Pounds in the Fire of London, in the Year 1666." The Deponent asked, "How they came to effect that great and famous Business?" The said Strange replied, "That himself, and one Gray, and one Pennington, and one Barton, Jesuits, with some others, together with one Keimash a Dominican Fryar, joined with one Green, and met at one Wm. West's House, who kept The Green Draggon in Puddle Dock, the said West was by Trade a Taylor, whom they employed to make them some Cloaths; and there they did Debate about the Manner of firing the City, and where they should begin, and did attempt it in February, 1664/65; but, being not provided of Assistance enough, lost that good Opportunity, because that The Thames was frozen by reason of a hard Winter; and the Sickness coming on apace, they altered their Purpose; and in January 1665/66, they met with this Mr. Green again, who closed in with them in their Design. And, that they might ingratiate themselves with this Greene, furnished him with Thirty Pounds, he being poor; yet they found him an active Man, and fit for their Purpose; and, the more to engage him the said Green, they pretended to hold many of the Fifth Monarchy Principles; which when Green perceived (judging them to be real), brought them acquainted with Eight more, who were zealous in the Business: The aforesaid Jesuits were earnest to have the Business done in February, before the Return of the Inhabitants to London; but the said Green did pray these Persons, videlicet, the Jesuits, to suspend that Resolution, because then they would be soon discovered, and such a Design might have an Uproar; and besides all this, the King would not be much in Town, if at all, till the Plague was more abated, whom the said Green said must be cut off too, when the People were in a Hurry by reason of the Fire; and this Motion pleased the Jesuits and Dominican well, and so it was put off. In a very little Time after, the said Green and the rest of these Fifth Monarchy Men, together with these Four Jesuits abovenamed and the Dominican, were suspected by the said West that kept the said House in Puddle Docke, and were forewarned his House; and presently after Green and his Eight Acquaintance were clapt up in Prison, but for what the said Strange did not tell the Deponent; and upon the Imprisonment of these Nine Persons, the said Jesuits, with the Dominican, did go to St. Omers, and there remained till the May after the Execution of Eight of these Persons thus imprisoned, Green dying in Newgate; but one Fitz Gerrard an Irish Jesuit, and one Neale of White Chappell, did write to Strange (as the said Strange informed the Deponent), "that none of the Fathers Names were mentioned in the Business of these Men, and thought they might safely return:" So, in the latter Part of May, they set forth for England, and got to London in the Beginning of June; and then, concealing their Names and Lodgings, they began to consult afresh about this Fire, which was still carried on by the Society in the Absence of these Persons, and determined by them in the Fire-time to cut off the King, that the Number of the Beast might be accomplished; in the uttering of which Words, the said Strange broke out into a great Laughter: But, faith the said Strange, to be short, we got 50 or 60 Irish to ply the Work; and one Everard was very diligent to preserve their Fireworks, which they had made, and put into Grenado Shells; and, the more to palliate this, they procured this Everard a Place in the King's Service, to look after the Ammunition that was to be carried down to the Fleet, it being in the Time of the First Dutch Wars." And the said Strange told the Deponent, "That great Attempts were made on The Tower, but without Effect. But, faith Strange, to return to ordering our Affairs, we were in Fee also with several Frenchmen, who also were faithful in the Business; and all Things being ready, and the Place pitcht upon, Strange removes his Quarters, and got to lie at a House in Fanchurchstreet, and went by the Name of Walker; this he did in the Month of August, 1666, and with him he took the aforesaid Keimash the Dominican, and so they lodged together; and Pennington and Barton lay at an Apothecary's House in Shooe Lane, and Gray and this Fitz Gerrard lay at Neale's House in White Chappell, which Neale was one to see the Fire carried on through Thames Street, and so to The Tower." And the said Strange told the Deponent, "That they spent 700 Fireballs; and when the Fire-merchants were at Work, then others Men and Women were employed to plunder what they could; and they had a Warehouse in Wilde Street, where some Things so plundered were laid, and other Things they concealed in Somersett-house, as Hollands, Cambrics, Fine Cloth, and some considerable Quantities of Plate, and One Box of Jewels; the Owner gave the Box to their Men to carry away, and ordered his Servant to go along with them; but they, having increased their Number, ordered the Servant to be knockt down; but the said Servant, being afraid he should be killed, ran away; this was the greatest Plunder of One Sort they got; (for as the said Strange informed the Deponent) there was 1000 Carrats of Diamonds laid up in several Papers for several Goldsmiths; and the Diamonds were conveyed away to St. Omers the First Opportunity they met withal." But the Deponent asked the said Strange, "How One Man should trust them with so much Goods, and never any Jeweller had so many Jewels at One Time?" But the said Strange replied, "That he could not tell; but it was certain they met with them, and sold them for Three Thousand Five Hundred Pounds Sterling in Flanders; and had a Fish Dinner into the Bargain, at The Salutation Taverne in Holborne, at the Return of the Money." The Deponent asked Strange, "How the Fire began?" And he told him, "That Neale came and knockt him up at Twelve of the Clock in the Night; and before he was dressed, the Fire was begun." The Deponent asked the said Strange, "How many Servants the Society employed?" And he said, "About 80 or 86; he could not tell well which." The Deponent asked, "How the King came to escape?" He the said Strange replied, "That indeed they were resolved to have cut Him off when at Work in Person about the Fire; but then they were not secure of the Duke, who was then but a Well-wisher to them; and besides, they seeing the King so industrious, they could not find in their Hearts to do it." Whilst this Discourse was in Hand, a Gentlewoman knockt at the Door, and so we broke off; beginning at Nine a Clock in the Morning, and ended at almost Eleven of the Clock that Forenoon; and the Deponent went to his Lodgings, which was then in Drury Lane.
"35. That Richard Ashby, the Day before he went down to The Bathe, which was in the Month of July, had Conference with Father Harcote, Father Fenwick, Father Ireland, and Father Keines, Father Strange, and Mr. Jennison, and Father Blundell, and others of the Society, by Orders from the Provincial, to send new Messengers into Scotland, to promote the Commotion there, and to inform the People of the great Tyranny they did lie under, by reason of their being denied the Liberty of their Conscience; and that being not to be procured but by the Sword, they must take that Course to purchase their Liberty; "by which Means, said the Fathers thus assembled, we shall weaken both the Presbyterian and Episcopal Faction." At which Conference, the Deponent was present, and heard these Words.
"36. That, in the Month of July, the said Richard Ashby went down to The Bath, in order to be cured of his Gout; and the Morning he went away, the Deponent being in the Chamber of the said Ashby, to take his Leave of him, Father Harcote Rector of London came to him, and told him, "That if, after he left The Bath, he could make a little Progress about Somersetshire, to inform those of the Society of the intended Design, it would do well; and withal desired the said Ashby to hasten to Town, after he had finished the said Information." All which the Deponent did hear.
"37. That, on the First Day of August, came Letters from Th. Whitebread, bearing Date 22 of July, to John Fenwick; in the which, "if Ten Thousand Pounds would not do, he would give Fifteen Thousand Pounds, for the effecting the King's Death; and that Fifteen Thousand Pounds should be proposed to Sir Geo. Wakeman, if he should refuse Ten Thousand Pounds:" But whether Sir George have been treated about that Concern, the Deponent cannot inform here in this Article. But Sir George Wakeman hath been divers Times in the Company of Ashby, as the Deponent hath been informed by the said Ashby; and saw the Letters to John Fenwick, on 4th August, 1678.
"38. That Letters arrived to London, bearing Date August 5th, 1678, from Thomas Whitebread, or White, Provincial, to John Fenwick, from St. Omers; in the which he did inform the Fathers, that he had made his Visit within his Province; and that he had ordered Twelve Jesuits to go for Holland, and to inform the Dutch, "that the Prince of Orange did intend to assume the Crown of a King, and that he resolved to bring them under another Government;" which Mission took their Leaves of the said Thomas White on St. Ignatius Day, July 31, but got no farther than Watton, by reason of a Mischance they met withal upon the Way; by which Mission, the said Thomas White did design to beget in the Dutch an evil Opinion of the Prince of Orange, and to cause a Commotion there amongst the Dutch, against the said Prince and his Party: Which Letter the Deponent saw, and read, in Mr. Fenwick's Chamber, on the 11th of August.
"39. That another Letter, of the 11th of August, came to Blundell and the Fathers in London, from Thomas Whitebread; in the which he blamed the Fathers in London, "for not giving them an Account of what Progress they had made in their Proposal made, or to be made, to Sir George Wakeman; and if made, how he resented it; if not made, to make it quickly, for it would not be convenient to defer it;" and told them, "That Ircland was safely arrived to him at St. Om'rs; who only told him, that the King was very secure, and therefore he the said Provincial admonished the Fathers to be very vigilant:" Which Letter came to Blundell, August 19th.
"40. That (fn. 3) another Packet, of the 15 of August, from St. Omers, from Thomas Wh'te Provincial, to Father John Fenwick, in the which were enclosed to Father Harcote, Jennison, and others, which the Deponent did not see; but that to John Fenwick the Deponent did see, and read it. The said Thomas White did say, "That the Figure 365 should lie as low as ever 666 did; and if Poison would not take the King away, Fire should; for Catholic Religion would never flourish unless I.H.S. took this Course." Now the Deponent faith, That 365 is to be understood Westm'r, and the Figures 656 London; they being the Cyphers for both those Places; and the Letters I.H.S. Jesuirs, they using it always.
"41. That the Deponent was informed, by the said John Fenwick and others of the Society then in his Chamber, "That the Jesuits have Sixty Thousand Pounds per Annum good Rents, and One Hundred Thousand Pounds in Bank; and that he and the rest of the Society have, in the Name of their whole Society, lent out Money at 50 per Cent. the Improvement of which Money in Bank is used about these Practices; and that it costeth them Four Hundred Pounds per Annum in Intelligences, besides their daily special Messengers, on which vast Sums of Money are spent; and besides, another Part is transported beyond the Seas, by Bills of Exchange:" Which the Deponent himself knoweth in a great Part to be true; and of the rest they themselves have informed him at several Times; all which tends highly to the Damage of the Kingdom.
"42. That, on Monday, August 5th, Father Harcote Junior, John Keines, John Fenwick, and another of the Society whose Name the Deponent doth not remember, did say, "That they did intend to raise a Commotion in the Kingdom of England and Dominion of Wales:" Which also did appear to the Deponent by several Letters which the Deponent did see and read; the Date of which Letters the Deponent doth not well remember, but saw them in August, 1678:
"43. That Two new Messengers were sent into Scotland on the said 5th of August, one by the Name of Father Moore, and the other by the Name of Father Saunders alias Browne, with Instructions to carry themselves like Nonconformists Ministers, and to preach to the disaffected Scotts the Necessity of taking up the Sword, for the Defence of Liberty of Conscience. These the Deponent saw dispatched, and ordered to go, by Father Harcote, in the Name of Thomas White Provincial.
"44. That they have several Times communicated, and do still communicate, what Secrefies they can have revealed to them of the King's, which they purchase by giving Money, and then send them over to Leshee the French King's Confessarius; and the Deponent hath seen several Particulars, as they pretend, how the King standeth affected for War or Peace; and this they do by one Smith, who daily lurketh about Whitehall and Westm'r Hall, in the Time of Parliament, in the Lobbies, and is, as he faith, in Fee with the Clerks of the Parliament, who give him the Intelligence, and with the Clerks and Officers of the Privy Council and of the Cabinet Council. The Deponent faith further, That one Coleman doth assist this Smith with private Intelligence; as John Keines Jesuit and this Smith hath told the Deponent several Times in the Months of July and August.
"45. That these Jesuits drive several Trades in Town, as Merchants, Tobacconists, Goldsmiths, Scriveners; and, by Means of their Scriveners, they come to the Knowledge of several Estates of several Persons of Quality, and other Scriveners of their Religion and Practices, by which they take an Estimate of the Strength of the Nation; their Scriveners, as the Deponent is informed by John Keines, having great Practice in the City, in the Month of August.
"46. That, on Friday 9th August, came Letters of August 16th, New Style, by an especial Messenger from Thomas White Provincial, and subscribed by the Fathers of St. Omers, in which he and they "did rejoice very much that Sir Geo. Wakeman had taken the Business into his Hand; and if he did it, the Fifteen Thousand Pounds should be paid; but ordered, Pickering and his Companion honest Wm. should not desist their endeavouring to assassinate the King's Person:" Which Letters the Deponent read; and asked Fenwick, "How the Provincial came to understand that Sir George had undertaken the Business?" He the said Fenwick told the Deponent, "That they had dispatched a special Messenger away, to give him Notice; and that the said Messenger brought this Answer;" and withal the said Fenwick said, "It cost them at least Ten Pounds to give him Word of it."
"47. That one Wm. Berry, now a Secular Priest, that had formerly been a Jesuit, because the said Berry hath written and was about to print some Sheets of Paper in Vindication of the Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy, and in it persuaded Roman Catholics to a more charitable Compliance with Protestants; Bazill Langworth and others did offer Ten Pounds to the Deponent, to kill the said Berry; and if the Deponent dare not do it himself, to procure some other to do it; assuring the said Deponent, "That whosoever it was that did it, should have a Pardon." This was proposed on August 9th, 1678.
"48. That, on the 9th of August, in the Evening, in the Chamber of John Keines Jesuit, in Warrwick Street, where John Fenwick and the Deponent (fn. 4) were together, there came one Richard Heath, a Lay Brother of the Jesuits; who, after some Discourse about the Design of killing the King, did say, "That He was a Bastard, and endeavoured to rule by the Sword." Which Words the Deponent did hear; and so did Keines and Fenwick; and replied, one after another, in the Hearing of the Deponent, "That the Bastard should not trouble the World long."
"49. That, on the 10th of August, Old Style, the Deponent did meet with John Groves in Wild Street, in the Afternoon; and, as near as the Deponent remembers, it was about Eight of the Clock; and he having made several Promises to the Deponent of giving him an Account of Southworke Fire in 1676, the said Groves took the Deponent into Wild House Garden, and then began: He said, "That they had certain Fire-works, which were made for that very Purpose; and he, with Three Irishmen that were his Assistants, went into The Burrough; and, not finding an Opportunity nor fit Place there, went to St. Margret's Hill, where they found an Oil Shop, which the said Groves bragged he fired." The Deponent asked the said Groves, "How he came acquainted with the said Irishmen?" He said, "His Acquaintance with them was not much; but they were procured by Dr. Fogarty, the Irish Doctor; for the which, the Society (Richard Strange then Provincial) gave him and his Assistants One Thousand Pounds; videlicet, Four Hundred Pounds to the said Groves, and Two Hundred Pounds apiece to the said Irishmen." And the said Groves told the Deponent, "That the Society got at least Two Thousand Pounds in that Fire;" which was also told the Deponent at another Time by Richard Strange."
"50. That, on the 11 of August, being Sunday, the Deponent saw Letters from St. Omers, bearing Date August 17, New Style, written by Father Ireland, in the Name of the Provincial Thomas White, alias Whitebread, to John Fenwick; in which Letter, by the Contents thereof, there were Letters to John Keines Mr. Jennison, Mr. Blundel, and others, which the Deponent did not see: But in this to John Fenwick it was specified, "That Diligence was used in the Kingdom of Ireland, by the Jesuits there, for the Destruction of the Duke of Ormond, and for the procuring another Demonstration of Zeal, for the promoting of the Catholic Religion and Interest in that Kingdom; and that which Arguments would not effect, the Sword should, to the great Vexations of the Protestants there; and he intimated "the great Joy that he had, that there was yet great Hopes that the disaffected Scotts would not lay aside their Endeavours for and after the Defence of their Liberties and Religion; and that the Catholics in Scotland had promised to use their utmost Interest to keep up the Commotions there." And the said Father Ireland bad the said Fenwick, "to exhort the Fathers to be earnest in their Designs; for now was the Time, for the English Nation was to be reduced." And furthermore it was ordered, in the Name of the Provincial, "that Letters should be written to all the Society in England, That they make it their Business to encourage the Friends to Braveness of Mind, for that God had hitherto given them such a hopeful Prospect of Things; and that no Opportunity on his Part should be lost; and that they in London, if they thought fit to communicate these Things, that they should have a Care that they did it not to any more than One at a Time, left they should be baffled in their Enterprize:" Which Letter, when read by the Deponent, the said Fenwick, to whom this Letter was directed, told the Deponent, "that it was his Duty to offer up a Mass or Two, that God would prosper these holy Endeavours of the Fathers and the Society of promoting Catholic Religion and Faith;" and told the Deponent further, "that if he (the Deponent) lived till Christmas, he should see a good Change of Things; either that 48 should be taken from the World, or the World, especially that little Part He was concerned in, should be taken from Him; and that One that was a Catholic should play such a Game as never was played since the Conquest;" all which the said Fenwick told the Deponent in his Chamber. And the Deponent asked the said Fenwick, "Who this Catholic was?" And the said Fenwick said, "It was the Duke of Yorke." And the Deponent faith, That the Number 48 is put for the King.
"51. On the said 11th of August, in the Evening, the Deponent went to the Lodgings of John Keines, where he found another Jesuit with him, whose Name the Deponent doth not remember; in whose Presence, the said John Keines told the Deponent, "That the Provincial had taken great Care of keeping alive the Difference betwixt the dissaffected Scotts and Duke Lauderdale; and that the Affairs in Ireland went on with great Expedition; and that all Means was now used to beget a Difference betwixt the Dutch and Prince of Orange; and if that could be effected, there was no Question to be made, but that the Protestant Interest would fail in Holland, and that 48 would not last long in England; for it was high Time to hinder 49 from being effected; that Barley Broth Trade should grow dead, and 12 should be cut off; and that Mum and Chocolate should be put down, and the Order of Magpies should be turned into their primitive Institution and Habit." (Now the Deponent faith, "to hinder 49 from being effected," is an odd Expression that is amongst them used, for the cutting off the King, that He may not live to be complete 49; and that by the Barley-broth, the Deponent further faith, that they understand the House of Commons, which shall be turned out, and sit no more; and Mum and Chocolate is the Protestant Peers, which, if not destroyed, shall never have any Vote in the House of Peers more after the Death of this King; by the Magpies they understand the Bishops, whose Habit in Parliament is Black and White, which shall be changed into Purple.) Whilst the said Keines, with the other Jesuit, entertained the Deponent with these treasonable Expressions, Mr. Jennison came to the said Keines, and told him, "that he had lost a Letter, which he had received from Mr. Thomas White the Provincial, from St. Omers, in a Walk he took to Islington, and would give Ten Pounds to any Friend that would give it him; and was afraid that some Inconvenience would follow, if found by some Heretic." Which Words put the said Keines into such a Consternation, that he asked him, "Whether he had a Mind to ruin them all?" But then the said Jennison bad the said Keines "be quiet, for none could understand it;" which Words the Deponent did likewise hear.
"52. That Mr. Keines, on the 12 of August, determined to go to Windsor, in order to settle Business there, in and towards the dispatching the aforesaid 48 (which, the Deponent saith, is by them understood the King) at Windsor, if the King should go down thither; and it was judged that the said 48 (that is the King) would go down to Windsor within a few Days, to make His Abode there for some Weeks; but the said John Keines told the Deponent, "He might chance to fall short of His returning again." These Words were spoken to the Deponent by John Keines, in his Chamber; but the said Keines did not then go down to Windsor so soon, as afterwards appeared to the Deponent.
"53. That Smith, within mentioned, lieth in Drury Lane, at one Mr. Lowd's, a Taylor, in Cockpitt Ally in the aforesaid Lane, and is also employed to go from House to House, to see how the Catholics stand affected. And Mr. Jennison did say, "That, if the Catholics had Courage enough, they might rise, and cut the Throats of 100,000 Protestants in London;" of which Expression of the said Jennison. Smith did tell the Deponent, asking the Deponent's Opinion also of the same. To which the Deponent did say, "That Mr. Jennison did talk like a Person that had more Heat than Light." The same Smith did at the same Time tell the Deponent, "That the Society gave him Fifty Pounds per Annum; for his Intelligence that he getteth of the Affairs of the Court; and of the King's Actions, Words, and Councils; and transmitteth the same to John Fenwick, which the said John Fenwick transmitteth to St. Omers, and there it is translated into the French Tongue, and so transmitted to Father Leshee, Confessarius to the French King;" which Intelligence the Deponent did daily see from the said Smith, he lodging in the same House with the Deponent. And the said Smith did at the same Time tell the Deponent, "That he was a Lay Brother of the Society of Jesus; and that he was of the Order of the Politiani, as they term it, and attends Father Blundell to Newgate, in order to pervert the Prisoners there;" all which the said Smith did tell the Deponent on August 12; and likewise the said Blundell did tell as much to the Deponent. And the Deponent hath seen the said Smith and the said Blundell go together to Newgate.
"54. That one Mathew Medborne a Player in the Duke's Theatre, one Mr. Penny, Mr. Mennock, Mr. Sharpe, and Mr. Seddon, and one Wm. Smith a Schoolmaster at Islington, and one Edward Everard; and others, meeting in a Club, on Thursday Nights and Sunday Nights, with one Jones a Priest, and one Keymash within mentioned; and all these Persons are employed by the Jesuits to vilify the House of Commons, and to go about the City, to incense the People against them and against the Bishops of the Nation; and they deliver this treasonable Position, "That the Commons assembled in Parliament are the Devil's Representatives, and not the Nation's;" which treasonable and detestable Words the Deponent did hear at the said Club, which is kept at Fullers Rents, near Grayes Inn, in the Month of August. And the Deponent was ordered, by the Jesuits in London, to give the said Persons great Respects, and in their Names to thank the Club for their Faithfulness to them in that Particular.
"55. That Mr. Jennison did, on the 12th of August, say and boast, "That he had put several out of Love to the King's Interest; and would so continue, if the King did not turn Roman Catholic; and if the King did not become R. C. he should not be C. R. long.
"56. That a Packet of August 20th, Stylo Novo, arrived in London, from Thomas White Provincial, Mr. Stapleton, Mr. Nevill, Mr. Peters, Mr. Buzby Procurator and Master of the Humanity Schools, to John Fenwick; in the which it was specified, "that the Twelve Jesuits were gotton into Holland, and would use all their Skill and Interest to make a Commotion there; and that Apletree Will (which, the Deponent faith, is meant the Prince of Orange) should not be great; and they hoped that the Fathers in London would follow their Business closely here:" Which Letters the Deponent saw, and read.
"57. That a Packet went from London, dated August 12th, in the which the Provincial was informed, by John Fenwick and the rest, "that the Court was gone, or going, to Windsor; and the Fathers and honest William were ready to attend the Court there;" as the Deponent was informed by John Fenwick abovementioned.
"58. That, on August 13th, and in the Afternoon about Six of the Clock, a Sermon was preached, by John Keines, to Twelve Persons, Men in poor Habit, yet Men of Quality as the Deponent verily believeth by the Whiteness of their Hands; in which Sermon he did deliver, "that Protestant and other Heretical Princes were ipso facto deposed, because such; and that it was as lawful to destroy them as an Oliver Cromwell, or any other Usurper:" At which Sermon the Deponent was present, not designedly, but by Accident.
"59. That, on 15th of August, John Keines and John Fenwick went to a Gentleman's Lodgings in or about Westm'r, and perswaded him, "to remove his Quarters, left God should destroy him with the Sinners of the City; for God had raised them and others of that Society to do such Things against that City, that would make a Man's Ears to ring that should hear it." The same Day, towards the Evening, the said John Keines and John Fenwick told the Deponent the said Story, and laughed to think what an Affright they had put the said Gentleman into. And they told the Deponent the Name of the said Gentleman; but the Deponent cannot remember it.
"60. That John Keines came to the Lodging of the Deponent on Saturday 17 of August, and told him, "That it was endeavoured to dispatch 48 at Windsor, if possible" (by which Number 48, the Deponent faith, they mean the King); and withal told the said Deponent, "That Mr. Howard Prior of the Benedictines, and Mr. Hitchcocke Sub-prior, told the Deponent in the Morning, August 17, that they had promised such a Sum; and withal that the securing of His Majesty's Person in His Flight from Worcester was the worst Day's Work that ever simple Jack Huddleston did in all his Life; but now it was their Business to get the Stuarts out of the Way:" Which the Deponent related to John Keines. And then the said John Keines did tell the Deponent, "That if the Deponent would undertake to assist in dispatching the King, he should be well rewarded, if not here, in Heaven." And the Deponent replied, "That he never shot off a Gun in all his Life;" and withal told him the said Keines, "That he the Deponent could not be guilty of such a Thing for all the World." And then the said Keines did further inform the Deponent, "That Mr. Connyers, a Benedictine Monk, was resolved to pursue the said Design of dispatching 48, which is the King;" which did appear to be very evidently true to the Deponent; for the Deponent did hear the said Coniers, on the 14th of August, lay a Wager of One Hundred Pounds, with a Gentleman not known to the Deponent, in the Benedictine Convent behind The Savoy, of which One Hundred Pounds, Ten Guineas was in Earnest laid and deposited of both Parties in the Hand of Hitchcock Sub-prior. Now the Wager which the said Conniers did lay was, "That the Villain the King should not live to eat any more Christmas Pies;" and the other Gentleman laid, "that He would:" So that, the Deponent faith, the said Kenies told him no more in the Concern of Coniers the Monk than the Deponent had heard of the said Coniers before on 14th of August. But the Deponent, before he parted with Keines, asked him, "What News about the Town?" And the said Keines told the Deponent, "That all the News about the Town was, War with the French." And the said Keines did say, "If that did hold true, then have at all the Rogues the House of Commons; they should be remembered, for all their long Bills against Catholics." The Deponent replied, "That, with Submission, the Revenge proposed against them would not do the Business; and therefore not a Resolution consistent with a Catholic Spirit; for the Enterprize must be more noble." And withal the Deponent urged, "That he feared the Death of the King would scarcely do the Business, and effect the Design, unless his Royal Highness would pardon those that did do that Work, and stand by them in it." To which the said Keines replied, "That the Duke was not the Strength of their Trust, for they had another Way to effect the setting up of Catholic Religion; for, when they had destroyed the King, they had a List of 20,000 Catholics in London, that were substantial Persons, fit for Arms, that would rise in 24 Hours Time, and less; and if James did not comply with them, to Pot he must go also." It being late in the Night, the said John Keines prayed the Deponent to come to his Chamber at Eight of the Clock the next Morning, and he would have One Hour's Discourse with him before he said Mass; and, being about to take his Leave of the Deponent, asked the Deponent, "What he meant by those Words, "he could not be guilty of such a Thing as to assist in dispatching the King," there being no Guilt in the Case?" The Deponent smiled, and said, "He could not be guilty of so much Courage." Besides, the Deponent faith, that he told the said Keines, "That it was his Opinion, that it would be more safe to let Sir Geo. Wakeman try his Skill; and then the People would not apprehend it so much."
"61. That the Deponent went to the Chamber of Keines, about 8 or 9 of the Clock, on the 18th of August; but the said Keines was gone abroad, and ordered the Deponent to call upon him about Four in the Afternoon, and then he would have some Discourse with him. And the Deponent accordingly went; but met with the said Keines, who, in The Mews, told him the Deponent, "That he was to meet with some Fathers in Covent Garden, and there would meet them some Dominicans, and would have the Deponent go along with him;" and at the House where they had appointed to meet, the Dominicans were already met, videlicet, Mr. Vincent Provincial of the Order of St. Dominick, Mr. Collins, Mr. Fidding, Mr. Mansell, Mr. Lunsdale, as they said, in the Name of all the rest of the Orders in England, to consult and comply with the Fathers of the Society, to propagate the Catholic Faith. And when John Keines was set, with the Fathers of the Society by him, all of a Side, videlicet, John Keines, Father Harcote, Father Fenwick, Father Wright, and Father Blundell, the said John Keines propounded to the Dominicans, to contribute to the Design of killing the King, and carrying on the Business of England and Scotland. The Dominicans replied, by their Provincial, "That they were poor, and not able to do much, for they had but little or no Money; but they would let them have their personal Assistance and Counsel, and procure what Interest they could; but as for Money, they could not part with any at all; for they were in Debt, and they had scarce Four Hundred Pounds in Stock, and the most they could make per Annum of their Estate was not above Three Hundred and Sixty Pounds." At which Consult, the Deponent was to and fro; and what was more said, the Deponent cannot tell; for he was sent with the Proposal to the Dominicans, to the Carmalite Dr. Hanson, Mr. Kimbal, Mr. Trevers. And they said, "That they had not One Penny in Stock, nor any Income beside what the Spanish Ambassador allowed them for assisting in his Chapel." They, by the Deponent, did present their Service to the Fathers met together; and bad the Deponent tell, "That their Prayers to God and our Blessed Lady should not be wanting." All which was acted by the Provincial of the Society.
"62. The Deponent went to see John Fenwick, on August 19th, in the Afternoon; and whilst he was with him, in came John Keines, and presently after him Nicholas Richard Blundell; and, after a Salutation had passed, they asked the Deponent, "What News?" And the Deponent told them, "He heard of none, but what was in the Gazette." And the said Blundell said, "He had been with his Workmen, and they wanted Oil" (what the Meaning of this was, the Deponent cannot positively tell, but believes it was Sheeps Fat; and the said Blundell would not tell the Deponent his Meaning when asked by him). The Deponent asked Keines, "When he was for Windsor?" He replied, "The Court was scarcely settled as yet;" but said, "That Conniers and one Anderton was to go down on the Morrow, August the 20th, in the Morning; and if they did do any Thing as to the Business in Hand, it would hasten their going down; and therefore as yet could not be certain when." The Deponent asked further, "How honest William did?" The said Keines replied, "That he was troubled with a sore Throat, and was very bad with it, and so indisposed, that he could not ride to Windsor; and it would be dangerous for him to go by Water, left, a Cold being by that Means contracted, he should be unfit for Service." And then the Deponent took his Leave of them, it being near Six a Clock in the Afternoon; and went to the Monks Convent, and enquired of one Rumley, a Lay-brother of that Order, for Mr. Conniers. He said, "He was not within, but not far off however; but not to be spoken withal, for he was with some of the Benedictine Fathers about Business; and on the Morrow Morning he was to go out of Town betimes." And so the Deponent left him; and, being but a little Way from that Place, met with the said Coniers, who, laughing upon the Deponent, told him, "That the Hill People were Fools, to set upon 48 at Windsor, because He was seldom in a Posture to receive their Kindness; but he would see His Worship, and talk with Him in some other Language than in Tormentilio." The Deponent asked him, "How?" He replied, "That if the Shirt on his Back knew, he would burn it: But, if that should not take Effect, no Means nor Opportunity should be neglected, in order to the Dispatch of 48." He further told the Deponent, "That he was in Haste; and his Time was short, and Business great." But told the Deponent, "That it lay resolved, that honest William and Pickering should stay in Town, seeing the Person concerned was hic et ubique, never long in a Place."
"63. That; on Wednesday, 21 August, a Consult was held, by the Jesuits then in London, with certain Benedictine Monks, about Three of the Clock in the Afternoon, concerning a Packet that came from Talbot Archbishop of Dublin to the Fathers of the Society; in which they were given to understand, "That Four Irish Jesuits had undertaken the Death of the Duke of Ormond; and, upon his Death, the Irish were ready to rise:" And in his Letter told them, "That a Legate was arrived in Ireland from the Pope; and that the said Legate had asserted the Pope's Right to that Kingdom; and that, the Kings of England being no Catholics, They did cease from being concerned there, it being given Them during the good Pleasure of His Holiness;" and therefore did encourage the said Archbishop to contrive and use all the Ways and Means for the Recovery of that Kingdom out of the Hands of the English. And in the said Letter it was mentioned, "that if Opportunity did not permit the said good Jesuits to do their Business, that they would send one Doctor Fogarty, now lodging at one Mrs. Simmons', the Widow of one Simmons an Apothecary, in Drury Lane; and that he and the Fathers in Ireland, together with the said Fogarty, would find out an expedient Way for the Death of the said Duke." And furthermore he did specify, "that they had procured several Irish to be made Commission Officers in the Garrisons in Ireland; and that he and the rest had dispensed with them to take the Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy; and that the Irish that had gotten Commissions by Means of the Archbishop had promised to betray their Interest into their Hands when the Business should be ripe; and desired the Fathers to be as diligent in England, as he and the rest of the Clergy were in Ireland:" Which Letter John Keines did shew to the Deponent, and was read by the Deponent, (fn. 5) an Account of the Consult. And the said Fogarty himself did tell the same to the Deponent on the said 21 August, and that he had great Interest in the Court at Ireland.
"64. That the said Fogarty is a main Agent in this hellish Plot; and hath promised, "that, if Archbishop Talbot will make Use of him, he will do all the Service he can," as the Deponent is ready to justify to the Face of the said Fogarty. And the said Fogoty did tell the Deponent, "That himself and Coleman were in the Council, when Wakeman was contracted withal in order to poison the King;" and said, "That if he had the Interest in the King that Wakeman had, he would have undertaken it himself." And all this was told to the Deponent, on the 21 August, in the Chamber of the said Foga'ty. And furthermore the said Foga'ty then and there did tell the Deponent, "That he had hired Four Irish Russians, whose Names he did neither tell the Consulters that met on the 21 of August nor the Deponent; and these Irish Russians were to mind the King's Postures at Windsor." But the Deponent telling the said Foga'ty,
"That he heard that the King was gone to Portsmouth," he was wonderfully troubled, "which, as the said Foga'ty did say, did much impede their Design, and nothing would be attempted as long as He was absent from Windsor."
"65. That the Lord Ambassador, Sir Will'm Godolphin, at the Court of Spaine, holdeth great Correspondence with Hicrome Suman the Irish Jesuit, who, as beforementioned, is Procurator for the Jesuits of the Kingdom of England and Ireland, and with the Irish Archbishop of Tuam now at Madrid, and is a Friend in this Business, as the said Suiman did inform the Society, in One of July the 30th, New Style, and likewise in One to the Deponent, wherein he did specify, "That Sir William was as industious as any one could be to answer the Expectations of the Society; and that he had but One Protestant Servant then in his House, videlicet, the Cook; and the Parson, when there, made up the goodly Couple." And the Deponent knows that Godolphin is a Papist, and hath perverted a Kinsman of his own. And the Deponent knoweth that the said-Ambassador is very familiar to the said Persons, the Irish Jesuits at Madrid, and the Irish Archbishop of Tuam. And the Deponent doth verily believe, that Mr. Hodges, sometimes Chaplain to the said Lord Ambassador, can, if required, testify as much. And the Deponent doth further say, That when he was at Madrid, that the said Chaplain of the Ambassador lost the Employ, because of the Ambassador being a Papist; and the Deponent hath seen the said Ambassador at Mass, and hath a Jesuit that comes to his House, who hath read both Philosophy and Divinity to the said Ambassador; of which the Deponent was personally informed by the said Hierom Suiman, an Irish Jesuit, and by the Irish Archbishop when at Madrid. But the Letters of which the Deponent speaks, he saw and read them at Sanders' House in Weld-street, on the 22d of August.
"66. That, on the 22d of August, Money was sent from the Society, by a Servant of theirs, to supply the Expenses of the Four Irish Russians abovementioned, who were gotten to Windsor on 21 at Night; and the Sum so sent was Eighty Pounds, which the Deponent saw, and told; and they were written to, and informed, "that if more were wanting, they should have it," and they were bidden, not to be so frequent in one another's Company, and always to profess but small Acquaintance one with another." Which Order and Money was dispatched away by Harcoate Rector of London, in the Name of the Provincial and whole Society of Jesus.
"67. That the Deponent went to the Chamber of John Fenwick; and the said John Fenwick did tell him, "That he was to go to St. Omers, with some Students thither, to the Number of Ten or Eleven, as near as the Deponent can remember; there the said Fenwick was to attend the Provincial, who, with the Provincial, was to return, as he said, within Ten or Fourteen Days, together with Mico and others." And whilst the Deponent was with the said Fenwick, a Messenger came in, videlicet, John Groves, with other, from Harcote Rector of London, John Keines, Richard Blundel, Mr. Jennison, and Mr. Wright, Bazill Langworth, and Four other Jesuits that lye at Somersett House, to pray the Provincial, "that he write to Leshee the French King's Confessarius, and to give him to understand how well the Business in Ireland stood; and that in his Letter to Leshee he pray him to certify the French King thereof." The Deponent asked the said Groves, "Where these Fathers were met?" He said, "They met again at Mrs. Sand'rs' House." And the Deponent, after he had read the Order, or Memorial, as indeed the Title was, and saw their Names, about Two of the Clock in the Afternoon, went to the House of Mrs. Saunders; where the Deponent saw these Fathers, who told the Deponent of the said Order, and after a short Stay took his Leave of them, and by them was ordered to meet them, at Four of the Clock, at Mr. Keines's Chamber; and at Four of the Clock the Deponent met, where the Deponent saw Doctor Fogoty, who shewed him a Letter written to Mr. Bennifield by his own Hand: And likewise the Deponent saw Letters from Blundell and John Fenwick, with One from Ireland at St. Omers, but that of Doctor Fogoty to Mr. Bennifield did contain in it an Account of Eighty Letters that were written to the Jesuits in England, some of which were delivered to the Post Office in Russell Street, others to the Post Office General, others were sent by private Messengers; and in One to Mr. Peters, a Jesuit that liveth with Sir Charles Shelley in Sussex, that married with the Relict of the Bon of Abergaveny, the said Peters was ordered to meet with the Provincial at London, about the Design in Hand; which if it take not Effect at Windsor speedily, then John Keines was to go to Windsor, to meet with Comers, who was designed to go out of Town on the 20th Instant with Mr. Anderton, to 440; which Number is put by them for Windsor. After then Business was done at Keines' Chamber, the Deponent left them."
"68. That the Deponent being to meet with Dr. Tonge, on this 22d of August, at The King's Head in Grays Inn Lane, about Six of the Clock at Night, accordingly went; and finding that the Doctor was not come, he walked in Grays Inn Walkes, and there he met with Conters, who was supposed to have been gone to Windsor. The Deponent asked him, "How it happened that he went not his Journey?" He told him, "That his Horse fell so lame, that he could scarce carry him Five Miles on the Way, and so was forced to return; and he himself was taken ill with the Sciatica, which had given him great Trouble for all the Night before." The Deponent was then urgent with him, to tell him how he would kill the King; seeing he did laugh at the Means the Fathers had intended to use, videlicet, by shooting him. Then the said Coniers, by reason of the Deponent's Importunity, shewed him a Dagger, or Knife, Two-edged, with a very sharp Point, and it was broader and broader towards the Haft, which was of Bucks-horn, being a Foot long in the Blade, and near Half a Foot in the Haft. "With this, said he, the Villain shall fall to the Ground, if it were possible." Comers demanded of the Deponent "What he thought it might cost?" The Deponent, said, "He could not tell." He replied, "Ten Shillings, or thereabouts." The Deponent said, "It was deal." He replied, "That nothing could be too deal for the King." The Deponent asked him, "Where he bought it?" The said Coniers replied, "At the old Cutler's in Russell Street." The Deponent asked, "Why he had it made so long?" He replied, "That the Villain might fall by it." The Deponent asked, "How?" He replied, "Through His Cloak." The Deponent asked, "How he could hope to escape?" Comers answered, "That he doubted not but that he should obtain a Pardon, if he were not knocked on the Head upon the Place." The Deponent, after some short Discourses, went to The King's Head, where he met Dr. Tonge, between Six and Seven of the Clock.
"69. That the Deponent did, on the said 22d of August, about Nine of the Clock in the Night, meet with Blundell; and, seeing him have a Bag, asked him, "What he had?" He replied, "Tewxbury Mustard Balls, a notable biting Sauce; and would furnish Westm'r, when he had enough of them." The Deponent Says, That by Tewxbury Mustard Balls we are to understand Fire Balls.
"70. That, on the 24th of August, Blundell told the Deponent, in Fenwick's Chamber; "That it would be so ordered by the Society, that the Catholics of England would endeavour to advance the Design in Hand, of shortening the King's Days; and bad the Deponent be of good Courage; for the Protestant Religion was on its last Legs."
"71. That, on the 30th of August, the Deponent met with the said Blundell; who told the Deponent, "That he must shew him what Westm'r and the Houses on both Sides the Water must be done withal; and carried the Deponent to Fenwick's Chamber, and there drew out of a Paper Case a Paper, in which the Manner of firing Westm'r, and Wapping, and Toolies Street, and Barnabies Street, and St. Thomas Apostle's Parish, were contained: 1st, For Westm'r; if the Wind was Northerly, then they were to begin at the next House to the Palsgrave's Head Taverne, where the Jesuits and their Agents were to carry on the Fire; and so to The Savoy; and then The Benedictines and they were to carry it down on both Sides to Charing Crosse; and then the Fire was to be by the Jesuits and their Agents carried to Whitehall; and near the End of the Stone Gallery another Company is to begin, and carry it towards King's Street and Channell Row; which was first designed to be acted in the Time of the great Frost, 1676, but that they were not assured of the French King's Assistance; of which they are now assured, by Leshees the French King's Confessor, as the said Blundell told the Deponent. At the same Time, Wapping and the Ships in the River were to be burnt; and the Fire, in case it blow up the River, is to begin at a Place near Bugbie's or Limehouse Hole, and is to be carried on by Four Men (whom they have made Choice of) to Wapping Middle Stairs; and then Four or Five more were to carry it up higher. And the Deponent found himself, with Seven more, ordered to ply about The Hermitage; and his Business was, to encourage the Seven committed to his Care; and for his Reward, One Thousand Pounds was promised, besides Eighty Pounds for former Services. But the Deponent faith, That in that Paper it was ordered, that, if the Wind stood contrary, they were to change the Commencement of the Fire. At the same Time, others were to have the Charge of Barnaby Street and Toolies Street and St. Thomas Apostle's, on the other Side of the Water, committed to them; and the Fire is to begin on Redriff Side when it is begun on Wapping Side, or presently after; and this is to be done when the Tide is low, that the Ships may not get off from the Key. In order to the Deponent's managing that Part of the Fire that was to be begun about The Hermitage, he was ordered to remove his Lodgings into Wapping as soon as Order should be given him; and should have a Priest to come unto him, and say Mass every Day in his Chamber, for a good Success of the Design. But the Deponent faith, That he did not know that he was to be an Agent in the Business, till he saw that Paper; which Paper was signed by Thomas White Provincial, in the Name of the whole Society.
"72. That the Deponent faith, That the Pope hath issued out a Bull, a Copy of which Blundell shewed the Deponent on the said 30th of August; and, as near as the Deponent doth remember, it bears Date either of the Month of November or December last, in which the Pope was pleased to order and dispose of the Bishoprics of England, and other Dignities of the same, as follows:
"Oxon; William, Rector of Watton, and Master of the Novices. He is to have the Deanery of Christ Church; and is to preside over the Professors in Divinity of the University, and peruse their Lectures before they read them publicly.
"Many Dignities of the Church, not here named, are to be supplied with Spaniards and other Foreigners, because they have not Clergy enough to be Professors; nor are there any Prebendaries or any other Places understood. And in the same Bull it was ordered, that the Jesuits should read Philosophy and Divinity in all great Towns and Places where they had Colleges; but not give Degrees. And whilst the English Jesuits were employed in instructing Youth in Humanity and Philosophy, and others in reading Divinity, and Preaching and Catechising; they should be supplied with Spanish Jesuits and other Foreigners, to assist at the Altar, in the Care of the Colleges.
73. That the Deponent saw a Packet, out of Scotland, directed to John Groves, dated August 20, 1678; in which the Deponent (fn. 6) did, in the Beginning of September, 2d Day; in which the Fathers from thence met at Edenborough did tell the Fathers here, "That they had not much; but that 8000 Catholics in that Kingdom were ready to rise and assist when the Business should grow hot, and will join with the disaffected Scotts when required by the Scotch Jesuits there." And in the said Letters it was mentioned, "That one Wosby was destroyed, by One that was Servant to Lovell the Jesuit, for endeavouring to detect the Rebellion, with its Authors and Contrivers, in the Council of Scotland."
74. That the Deponent saw, on the said 2d of Septemb. Old Stile, Letters of the 4th, New Stile, from St. Omers, written and subscribed by Thomas Whitebread Provincial; in the which, Notice was given to Richard Blundell, to whom they were directed, "That Twelve Scotch Jesuits were sent into Scotland, by Order from the General of the Society; and have One Thousand Pounds given them, by Lesbee the French King's Confessarius, to keep up the Commotions in Scotland, that the French King might land an Army in that Kingdom; and that the said Jesuits had Instructions to carry themselves like Nonconformists amongst the Presbyterian Scotts."
75. That, on the 3d Day of September, the Deponent saw a Letter from St. Omers, from the Provincial, but it was dated September 1st; by which the Deponent did perceive, that though the Letter was dated from thence, yet that it came not from thence, because it was Old Style; and thereby did believe that the Provincial was in England. And in this Letter, directed to Blundell, it was specified, "That the Provincial was informed of some Discovery was made, at which he was somewhat surprized: But, upon Second Thoughts, ordered the said Blundell not to desist the Business in Hand; but to write to Bennifield, not to take Notice of what Keines said, it being but a Conjecture of his own." And the said Blundel did, on the 3d of September, write to Bennifield, and did advertise him of the Provincial's Thoughts concerning what had passed about the Concern; and in the Letters of the Provincial to Blundell, he was ordered, by the said Provincial, "That Thanks should be given to Dr. Fogoty, for his Care in the Business of 48 (which is the King), and for his Forwardness to assist those in Ireland, and ordered Letters to be sent to Ireland with all Speed, and give them his Thanks; and to tell them, that he would not cease to pray for their good Success."
77. That the Deponent went, on the 4th Day of September in the Morning, according to the aforesaid Order given over Night. And when the Provincial saw the Deponent, he asked him, "With what Face he could look on him, since that he (the Deponent) had played such a treacherous Trick with them?" And struck him Three Blows with his Stick, and a Box on the Ear; and charged him with being with the King, and a Minister with him, whom he suspected to have informed the King of these Things, because that Bennifield had related in a Letter to Blundell, "that the Duke of York had suggested some such Things to him;" and did therefore judge that it must be the Deponent that must have been drawn in by some Persons to the same. But at last the Provincial told the Deponent, "That he was willing to be reconciled to him, if he would discover what the Parson was, his Name, and Place of Abode; and, to the End that they might be secured of him, were resolved to kill him." And, in the mean Time, the Deponent was ordered to make himself ready to go beyond Sea within Fourteen Days, as he the Provincial said; and, that the Deponent might not cheat them, they were to pay for his Coach-hire, and order him Entertainment at Sittingbourne, and in other Places on the Road to Dover; and there Mr. Coniers, Master of The King's Head, was to pay for his Passage to Callice; and the Master of The Feathers in Callice to pay for his Passage to St. Omers, where the said Deponent was to remain till further Order from the Provincial. And Richard Blundell was to take Care of the carrying on of the Fire in Wapping in the Deponent's Room.
79. That, at Night, the Deponent, attending at the Door of the Provincial, and about to go in, heard White and some others, whom the Deponent supposes by their Voices to be Mr. Mico and Mr. Poole, consulting about the disposing of a Person, whom he supposes to be himself. Their Words were these: "This Man hath betrayed us; and therefore we will give a Coachman Twenty Pounds, to take him up, and carry him directly for Rochester, to Esquire Lee's House, who lives near that Town, and from thence to Dover by some Bye-way, because he is acquainted at Sittingburne." And said, "If they could get him but once on the other Side of the Water, they would torment him till he had confessed to them who it was that had been with the King, and (fn. 7) informed Him of that Business." When the Deponent heard these Words, he went down Stairs with all the Speed he could make; and durst not return to his Lodging that Night, but lay in another.
80. That, on the 7th of Sept. the Deponent returned to his Lodgings at Night, where he intended not to lye, but only to take some Necessaries for his Use the next Day; but meeting one Grigson a Papist, at whose House he had lodged formerly near The Red Lyon in Drury Lane, who told him, "That the Jesuits were displeased with him, because he had not answered their Expectations, in being true to them; and that the Jesuits were dangerous Persons, and would ruin him if they could;" and said further, "That he the said Grigson had known their Rogueries Twelve or Fourteen Years." And the Deponent, being through Discourse detained by the said Grigson, was forced to lye in his Lodgings in Drury Lans. And when the Deponent was laid down in his Bed, one Stratford, a Person utterly unknown to the Deponent, and whom he had never discoursed, or any otherwise provoked, endeavoured to break into the House where the Deponent lay, and broke down a Door to get into his Lodgings; but was forced back, because he apprehended himself to be observed by some of the Servants; and when he saw he could not come at him, to assassinate him as he verily believes, he reviled him the said Deponent, and broke several Quarries of Glass in a Window under the Deponent's Lodgings. The Deponent, therefore, being verily persuaded that Stratford was employed by the Jesuits to do him a Mischief, made his Escape thence early on Sunday Morning, and durst not return thither again, because the said Stratford threatened to kill him. And the House where he lay was a School, where Blundell used to catechise every Sunday in the Afternoon.
"81. September the 8th, being Sunday, whilst the Deponent was going to attend the public Worship of God in the City, a Papist, who goes by the Name of Nevill (as the Deponent remembers), met him in The Strand; and told him the Deponent, "That there was great Murmuring amongst the Jesuits against him, because of a Complaint (fn. 8)was made against them by some Persons, of whom they suspected the Deponent to be One." Said further, "That it was reported, that the Deponent either must destroy the Jesuits, or the Jesuits must destroy the Deponent." And told him moreover, "That the Bishop of Rochester was made acquainted with the Complaint; and said, That he would lead them such a Dance, as they never followed since the Fool their Founder appeared in the World." To which the Deponent made no Reply, suspecting this Person to be a Trepan; and when at parting he required of the Deponent where he lay, the Deponent gave him not that Account he desired.
"This Examinant faith, That, in the Month of May last, this Examinant saw a Patent, under the Seal of the Father General of the Society of Jesus at Rome, called Johannes Paulais d'Oliva, at the Chamber of Mr. Langhorne; wherein it was expressed, "That, by virtue of a Breve from the Pope, he did constitute the Lord Arundell of Wardour Lord High Chancellor of England;" which Patent was sent to the Lord Arundell of Wardour by a Messenger, who was the Son of Mr. Langhorne. And this Examinant faith, That he saw a Letter, subscribed by the Lord Arundell of Wardour, as he believes, wherein the Lord Arundell did acknowledge the Receipt of the said Patent, and accepted of the same, and promised to answer the Expectation of the Society.
"This Examinant faith, That in June last he saw the like Patent, wherein the Lord Powis was constituted Lord Treasurer of England; which Patent was carried by one Parsons, Secretary to the Lord Powis, from one Saund'rs' House in Wild Street, to be delivered to the Lord Powis. And at the Delivery of the Patent Three Hundred Pounds was paid by Parsons to one Fenwick and Ireland, to carry on the Design of the Jesuits; which was, to raise a Rebellion in the Three Kingdoms, and to destroy the King.
"In the Month of July, this Examinant saw a Letter, subscribed Powis, and directed to Fenwick; wherein his Lordship did acknowledge the Receipt of the said Patent, and did accept of the same; and said, "he had Three Hundred Men and Horse ready for the Design; and that his Lordship would venture his Life and Fortune in the Affair."
"In the Month of August last, this Examinant saw a Letter, directed to Mr. Langhorne by the Outside, but within to the Society of the Jesuits; wherein Sir Wm. Godolphin acknowledged, "he had received the like Patent, to be Lord Privy Seal, and accepted thereof;" and in July, 1677, this Examinant saw the same in the Hands of the Archbishop of Tuam, at Madrid in Spaine.
"This Examinant faith, That in July last, Mr. Coleman acknowledged and confessed to Fenwick, in this Examinant's Presence, "That he had received the like Patent, to be Secretary of State; and that it was a good Exchange."
"This Examinant faith, That, in May, June, July, and August last, this Examinant saw several Letters signed Stafford, whereby it appeared that the Lord Stafford was in this Conspiracy against His Majesty; and that he had returned several Sums of Money to the Jesuits, to carry on the Design. The Letters were directed to Fenwick and Ireland. And in August last, this Examinant saw another Letter, directed to the same Persons, signed, Stafford; wherein my Lord writ, "that, although he had sent his Son to Lisborne, yet he would be never the worse Friend to the Jesuits." And this Examinant conceiveth the Reason of that Letter was, because there was then a Difference between the English College at Lisborne and the Jesuits.
"In July last, this Examinant saw, in the Hands of Fenwick, a Commission directed to the Lord Bellasis, from the Person aforesaid, to be Lord General of the Army to be raised in England against His Majesty. And in July this Examinant saw a Letter from my Lord, directed to Fenwick; wherein his Lordship acknowledged the Receipt of the Commission, and thanked the Society for the same; and that he accepted the same, and would do what in him lay to answer their Expectations.
"In May last, this Examinant saw a Patent in the Hands of Mr. Langhorne, to make my Lord Peters Lieutenant General of the Army; and in June last, this Examinant did hear my Lord Peters, in the Presence of Mr. Langworth his Confessor, acknowledge the Receipt of the same; and that he accepted thereof. And his Confessor wished him much Joy thereof.
"This Examinant faith, That, in the Month of June or July last, this Deponent did, in Weld Garden, deliver to Sir Francis Ratcliffe Baronet a Commission to be Major General of the Army, in the Presence of his Eldest Son; who at the same Time received from this Examinant a Commission to be a Captain in the said Army; and, at the Delivery of the said Commission, Sir Francis Ratcliff ordered his Son to give this Examinant Three Guineas; which he did do accordingly: That this Examinant never saw Sir Franc. Ratcliff before, nor did know him then, other than that his Son, who this Examinant was very well acquainted with, told this Examinant; "That he was Sir Francis Ratcliff his Father."
"This Examinant faith, That, in June last, he saw, in the Hands of Fenwick, a Patent, or Commission, for John Lambert, to be Adjutant General of the Army; and in July after, this Examinant saw a Letter, directed to Fenwick, wherein Lambert confessed the Receipt of the said Commission, and accepted of the same. And this Examinant is well acquainted with Lambert's Hand.
"This Examinant, in May last, saw a Commission to the Eldest Son of my Lord Arundell of Wardour, to be Commissary General of the Army; and heard he accepted the same at the same Time when his Father received his.
"This Examinant, in June last, saw a Commission, in the Hands of Fenwick, for my Lord Baltimore to be a Colonel of Horse in the Army; and Fenwick delivered it to Grove. And this Examinant went with Grove to my Lord Baltimore's Door; and Grove carried the Commission into the House, and told this Examinant, "That he had delivered it to my Lord." And this Examinant, within Two or Three Days after, saw a Letter from my Lord, wherein he acknowledged the Acceptance thereof.
"This Examinant, in August last, delivered a Commission to Mr. Lassells, to be Colonel of Horse in the Army to be raised against His Majesty. This was delivered in a House in The Strand, near The Savoy; and Lassells gave this Examinant a Guinea at the same Time.
"Another Commission delivered in the same Month to Roper, to be a Colonel, by this Examinant; and at the same Time another Commission to Roper's Son, to be a Captain. And the Father gave this Examinant Ten Shillings.
"This Examinant, in June or July last, delivered to one Mathew Medborne a Commission to be a Captain. This was delivered at his House in Plow Yard, in Fetter Lane; and at the same Time he gave this Examinant a Black Hat for a White Hat.
"This Examinant, in July last, at The Pheasant in Fullers Rents, on a Sunday, did give to one Penny a Commission to be Captain of Foot. This Pennye's Sister is a Servant to the Queen, as Penny said. The like to Mr. John Carrill, for a Captain of Horse, at my Lady Drummant's, in Queen-street, in July or August last: And he gave this Examinant then Twenty Shillings, that is to say, Four new Crowns.
"This Examinant faith, That in July last this Examinant did see Mr. Fenwick fill up a blank Commission; which, he informed this Examinant, was a Commission for Sir George Wakeman, to be Physician to the Army. And this Examinant faith, That he knoweth that the said Sir George Wakeman is Physician to the Society of Jesuits, and hath seen his Patent.
"This Examinant faith, That, in the Month of November last, as this Examinant verily believeth, being at the Chamber of Richard Strange late Provincial of the Jesuits, then lying at Mrs. Saund'rs' House, being a Part of Wilde House, in Weld-street, did see and read a Dispensation granted by the General of the Society of Jesus in Rome, by the Name of Jobannes Paulus d'Oliva, under the Seal of his Office, by virtue of a Brief from the Pope, to Mr. Weld, for taking of the Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy, and the Test of the Parliament of England. This Examinant further faith, That, upon the Reading of this Dispensation, he did ask Richard Strange, "What Profit or Advantage would be gotten by that Dispensation?" The said Richard Strange did reply, "That an Interest may be gained in your House of Commons by that Means; and it would capacitate the said Mr. Weld, by his Interest, to hinder Proceedings in Parliament against the Roman Catholics." Within a short Time after, this Examinant asked Richard Strange, "Whether Mr. Weld had received the said Dispensation?" He said, "Yes." Which the Examinant doth verily believe to be true, because that he hath suffered the said Richard Strange to say Mass in his House, at which the Examinant was present. And this Examinant further faith, That the said Mr. Weld hath returned several Sums of Money for the Jesuits, as appeared to the Examinant upon their Books; and the said Mr. Weld hath received Money for them, as did appear by a little Note sent to Richard Strange, wherein the said Richard Strange was advised to receive the same: Which Note the Examinant saw and read; and it came from Mr. Weld, as the Examinant believes, it being subscribed Weld.
"It did appear to this Examinant, by several Letters of April and May last, from Sir Wm. Goring, wherein the said Sir William Goring did inform the Society of Jesus of the English Seminary at St. Omers, "that he had used all his Skill, and Industry, and Interest, to procure the Eight Hundred Thousand Crowns promised by the Pope for the carrying on the Irish Affair; and that it was to be transmitted by Bill of Exchange, according to the Discretion of the English Fathers at Rome." This Examinant further faith, That he never saw Sir Wm. Goring; but saw several Letters from him to his Brother Goring, by the Name of Chamberlaine, which was the same Hand, as this Examinant verily believes, with these other Letters to the Fathers, signed William Goring, which this Examinant saw and read at St. Omers, where his said Brother was a Scholar; it being the Rule and Usage there, for the Superiors to read the Scholars Letters before they are delivered to them. And this Examinant faith, That he hath a further material Circumstance, as he believes, to prove this Information; which this Examinant conceiveth at present is material and necessary for him to conceal. And this Examinant conceiveth that Sir William Goring's Brother aforesaid, bearing the Name of Chamb'laine, may be about the Age of Seventeen Years; with whom this Examinant was very well acquainted.
"This Examinant further faith, That, in the Month of June or July last, this Examinant received a Letter, with a Commission, from Rich. Ashby, alias Thimbleby, a Jesuit and Priest, sometimes Rector of St. Omers, lying then at Mrs. Saundr's' House in Wildestreet, with Orders to deliver the same to Sir John Gage, to whom he was by the said Ashby directed to an House in Queen-street; where this Examinant did find the said Sir John Gage, and delivered him the Letter: Which when he read, he asked this Examinant for the said Commission; which Commission was for the said Sir John Gage to be a Colonel of Horse: Which Commission this Examinant delivered to the said Sir John Gage; and he accepted thereof. And this Commission was signed by Thomas White Provincial, by virtue of a special Order from Joh'es Paulus d'Oliva, General of the Society of Jesus, Resident at Rome.
"This Examinant faith, That the Dutches of Mazarine, as he verily believes, and hath Reason to say, she is a Spy; for that the said Dutchess of Mazarine hath revealed to John Keynes and Edward Coleman several of His Majesty's secret Councils; as, His Majesty's Affection to the French King, or for Peace or War; and hath by them sent several Letters into France, which, this Examinant faith, he was informed by Keynes to come from the said Dutchess; which this Examinant verily believes, because he hath seen Letters from the Father Leshee, Confessor to the French King, how useful the said Dutchess of Mazarine was, for the carrying on our Design, bearing Date in June, July, and August last. This Examinant further faith, That the Society in England were desired, by Father Leshee, to keep a good Correspondency with the said Dutchess.
This Examinant faith. That, on the 5th of April last, Letters came from Thomas White, unto St. Omers, where this Examinant was, in which was certified, "that Parsons had secretly taken Commissions from the General of the Society of Jesus, by virtue of a Brief from the Pope; and that there were not Commissions from the principal Officers in the Army of Ireland; and therefore, by William Morgan and Father Lovell, both Jesuits of that Society in Ireland, did desire that Commissions might be sent down, from the said Provincial, to Richard Talbott and the Lord Viscount Mount Garret, to be General and Lieutenant General, and another to John Pippard to be Colonel; which was agreed to be done, at a Consult holden in the Month of May last, New Style, begun at The White Horse Taverne in The Strand, and from thence adjourned into several Clubs or Companies; at the End of which Consult, it was left wholly to the Provincial, who ordered Letters to be writ, wherein these Commissions were promised to be sent as was required, together with a Commission to Peter Talbot to be Lord High Chancellor of Ireland; which Letters the Examinant saw and read. And, in the Month of August following, these Commissions were sent, and delivered to the respective Persons; and by Peter Talbott and Richard Talbot were acknowledged to be received, and accepted by them and by the Lord Viscount Mount Garret and Pippard, as appeared by these Letters received on the Third Day of Sept.; which the Examinant saw and read, and knows Peter Talbott's Hand.
|"Mr. Jerrard, in Engl'd.||These Seven likewise by Information.|
|"Mr. Henrique, in England.|
|"Mr. Fisher, in Engl'd.|
|"Mr. Jackson, in Engl'd.|
|"Mr. Pinkard, in Engl'd.|
|"Mr. Sharp, in England.|
|"Dr. Bettam, in England.|
|"Sir George Wakeman.|
|"Sir William Godolphin, Lord Ambassador in Spaine."|
Hitherto examined, this 3° die Decembris, 1678 (the Narrative and Examinations of Titus Otes being first inserted, according to the Order of the House of the 21th of November last), by us,
Anglesey, C. P. S.