Journal of the House of Lords: Volume 13, 1675-1681. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1767-1830.
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Anno 32 Caroli Secundi.
DIE Jovis, Vicesimo Primo die Octobris, 1680, Anno Regni Serenissimi Domini nostri Caroli Secundi, Dei Gratia, Angliæ, Scotiæ, Franciæ, & Hibern. Regis, Fidei Defensoris, &c. Tricesimo Secundo; in quem diem prorogatum fuerat præsens Parliamentum, tenendum apud Civitatm Westmonaster. in Superiori Parliamenti Domo, convenerunt Rex, et Domini tam Spirituales quam Temporales, quorum Nomina subscribuntur:
Epus. Cov. et Litch.
Epus. Bath et Wells.
Epus. St. Asaph.
Heneage Ds. Finch, Ds. Cancellarius.
Joh'n Comes Radnor, Præses Concilii.
Arthur Comes Anglesey, Custos Privati Sigilli.
Henry Comes Arlington, Lord Chamberlain of the Household.
Comes Dorset and Midd.
Ds. Willoughby de Parham.
Ds. North & Grey de Rolston.
Ds. Grey de W.
Ds. Howard de Esc.
Ds. Herbert de Chirbury.
Ds. Arundell de (fn. 1) Tresise.
His Majesty, sitting in His Royal Throne, adorned with His Crown and other Regal Ornaments (the Peers sitting in their Robes), commanded the Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod to signify to the Commons His Majesty's Pleasure, "That they attend Him presently."
Who being present, His Majesty made a short Preface, to this Effect:
His Majesty's Speech.
"My Lords and Gentlemen,
I have many Particulars to open to you; and because I dare not trust My Memory with all that is requisite for Me to mention, I shall read to you the Particulars out of this Paper; videlicet,
My Lords and Gentlemen,
The several Prorogations I have made have been very advantageous to our Neighbours, and very useful to Me; for I have employed that Time in making and perfecting an Alliance with the Crown of Spayn, suitable to that which I had before with The States of The United Provinces, and they also had with that of Spayn, consisting of mutual Obligations of Succour and Defence.
I have all the Reason in the World to believe, that what was so much desired by former Parliaments must needs be very grateful to you now; for, though some perhaps may with these Measures had been taken sooner, yet no Man can with Reason think that it is now too late; for they who desire to make these Alliances, and they who desire to break them, shew themselves to be of another Opinion.
And as these are the best Measures that could be taken for the Safety of England, and the Repose of Christendom; so they cannot fail to attain their End, and to spread and improve themselves farther, if our Divisions at Home do not render our Friendship less considerable Abroad.
To prevent these as much as may be; I think fit to renew to you all the Assurances which can be desired, that nothing shall be wanting on My Part, to give you the fullest Satisfaction your Hearts can wish, for the Security of the Protestant Religion; which I am fully resolved to maintain, against all the Conspiracies of our Enemies; and to concur with you in any new Remedies which shall be proposed, that may consist with preserving the Succession of the Crown in its due and legal Course of Descent.
And, in order to this, I do recommend to you, to pursue the further Examination of the Plot, with a strict and an impartial Enquiry. I do not think Myself safe, nor you neither, till that Matter be gone through with; and therefore it will be necessary that the Lords in The Tower be brought to their speedy Trial, that Justice may be done.
I need not tell you what Danger the City of Tanger is in, nor of what Importance it is to us to preserve it: I have, with a mighty Charge and Expence, sent a very considerable Relief thither: But constantly to maintain so great a Force as that War will require, and to make those new Works and Fortifications without which the Place will not long be tenable, amounts to so vast a Sum, that without your Support it will be impossible for Me to undergo it. Therefore I lay the Matter plainly before you, and desire your Advice and Assistance.
"But that which I value above all the Treasure in the World, and which I am sure will give Me greater Strength and Reputation both at Home and Abroad than any Treasure can do, is, a perfect Union amongst ourselves.
"Nothing but this can restore the Kingdom to that Strength and Vigour which it seems to have lost; and raise us again to that Consideration which England hath usually had.
"All Europe have their Eyes upon this Assembly; and think their own Happiness or Misery, as well as ours, will depend upon it.
"If we should be so unhappy as to fall into such a Misunderstanding amongst ourselves as would render our Friendship unsafe to trust to; it will not be wondered at, if our Neighbours should begin to take new Resolutions, and perhaps such as may be fatal to us.
"Let us therefore take Care, that we do not gratify our Enemies, and discourage our Friends, by any unseasonable Disputes.
"If any such do happen, the World will see it was no Fault of Mine; for I have done all that was possible for Me to do, to keep you in Peace while I live, and to leave you so when I die.
"But from so great Prudence, and so good Affections, as yours, I can fear nothing of this Kind; but do rely upon you all, that you will use your best Endeavours to bring this Parliament to a good and happy Conclusion."
Commons directed to choose a Speaker.
Then the Lord Chancellor declared to this Effect to the Commons:
"That it is His Majesty's Pleasure, that you proceed immediately to the Choice of a Speaker; and that you be ready to present him to His Majesty here To-morrow in the Afternoon, at Three of the Clock."
His Majesty withdrew; and the Commons went to their House; and the Lord Chancellor went to his Place.
Lords take the Oaths.
Then these Lords following took the Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy, and made and subscribed the Declaration, in Pursuance of the Act for the more effectual preserving the King's Person and Government, by disabling Papists from sitting in either House of Parliament:
The Lord Chancellor singly, in the First Place.
Richard Lord Arundell of (fn. 2)Tresise.
Thomas Lord Crewe.
Charles Lord Cornwallis.
Charles Lord Wotton.
Henry Lord Herbert de Chirbury.
William Lord Howard of Escrick.
William Lord Maynard.
John Lord Lovelace.
Ford Lord Grey de Warke.
James Lord Chandes.
Charles Lord North & Grey de Rolleston.
Thomas Lord Willloughby de Parham.
Ralph Lord Eure.
Thomas Lord Cromwell.
Robert Lord Ferrers.
Henry Lord Mowbray.
William Lord Bishop of St. Asaph.
William Lord Bishop of Peterborough.
Peter Lord Bishop of Bath & Wells.
Guy Lord Bishop of Chichester.
Thomas Lord Bishop of Coventry & Litchfeild.
Peter Lord Bishop of Ely.
John Lord Bishop of Rochester.
Seth Lord Bishop of Sarum.
Nathaniell Lord Bishop of Durham.
Henry Lord Bishop of London.
Francis Vicecomes Newport.
Thomas Vicecomes Fauconberg.
Edward Earl of Conway.
Charles Earl of Macclesfeild.
George Earl of Halyfax.
Lewis Earl of Feversham.
John Earl of Guildford.
Robert Earl of Aylesbury.
William Earl of Craven.
Charles Earl of Carlile.
John Earl of Bath.
Arthur Earl of Essex.
Henry Earl of Clarendon.
Nicholas Earl of Scarsdale.
Robert Earl of Sunderland.
Richard Earl of Thanet.
Heneage Earl of Winchilsea.
John Earl of Mulgrave.
Robert Earl of Manchester.
Charles Earl of Westmerland.
James Earl of Northampton.
Phillip Earl of Leycester.
John Earl of Bridgewater.
James Earl of Salisbury.
Charles Earl of Dorset & Midd.
William Earl of Bedford.
Theophilus Earl of Huntingdon.
Anthony Earl of Kent.
Charles Earl of Shrewsbury.
Auberie Earl of Oxford.
Henry Earl of Arlington, Lord Chamberlain of His Majesty's Household.
Henry Marquis of Worcester.
Henry Duke of Newcastle.
James Duke of Monmouth.
Christopher Duke of Albemarle.
Arthur Earl of Anglesey, Lord Privy Seal.
John Earl of Radnor, Lord President of the Council.
William Lord Archbishop of Cant.
Rupert Duke of Cumberland.
The Lord Chancellor acquainted the House, "That His Majesty hath been pleased to grant additional Honours to certain Lords; who are ready without, and desire to be introduced."
Whereupon they were brought in, according to the Date of their Patents.
E. of Hallifax introduced.
Then George Earl of Hallyfax was introduced, in his Robes, by the Lord Maynard, doing the Office of the Lord Great Chamberlain in his Absence; and the Earl of Alesbury supplying the Place of the Earl Marshal; and the Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod carrying the Patent, in the Absence of Garter King at Arms. After several Obeisances made, he was presented, between the Earl of Salisbury and the Earl of Essex, to the Lord Chancellor.
And his Lordship's Patent being laid upon the Woolsack, the Lord Chancellor delivered the same to the Clerk, who read the same; which bears Date the Sixteenth Day of July, in the One and Thirtieth Year of His Majesty's Reign that now is. And afterward his Lordship was placed at the lower End of the Earls Bench.
E. of Macclesfield introduced.
In the like Manner Charles Earl of Macclesfield was introducted, between the Earl of Dorset and the Earl of Bath.
The Patent was read; dated the One and Twentieth of July, in the One and Thirtieth Year of His Majesty's Reign. And then his Lordship was placed next below the Earl of Hallyfax.
E. of Radnor introduced.
In the like Manner John Earl of Radnor was introducted, between the Earl of Northampton and the Earl of Craven.
The Patent was read, which bears Date the Three and Twentieth of July, in the One and Thirtieth Year of His Majesty's Reign; and then was placed next below the Earl of Macclesfeild.
E. of Conway introduced.
In the like Manner Edward Earl of Conway was introducted, between the Earl of Scarsdale and the Earl of Bath.
The Patent was read, dated the Third Day of December, in the One and Thirtieth Year of His Majesty's Reign. After which, he was placed next below the Earl of Radnor.
E. of Shrewsbury takes his Seat.
This Day Charles Earl of Shrewsbury sat first in Parliament as a Peer, upon the Decease of his Father Earl of Shrewsbury.
His Writ of Summons bears I ate the 19th Day of October, in the 32 Year of His Majesty's Reign.
E. of Thanet takes his Seat.
This Day Richard Earl of Thannet sat first in Parliament as a Peer, upon Descent.
His Writ of Summons bears Date the Eleventh Day of October, in the 32th Year of His Majesty's Reign.
L. Willoughby of P. takes his Seat.
This Day Thomas Lord Willoughby of Parham sat first in Parliament as a Peer, upon Descent.
Trial of Peers for regulating, Bill.
Hodie 1a vice lecta est Billa, "An Act for better regulating the Trial of the Peers of England."
Dominus Cancellarius declaravit præsens Parliamentum continuandum esse usque in diem Veneris, 22um diem instantis Octobris, hora 2a post meridiem, Dominis sic decernentibus.