Journal of the House of Lords: Volume 14, 1685-1691. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1767-1830.
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Anno 2 Guilielmi & Mariæ.
DIE Jovis, secundo die Octobris, 1690, Anno Regni Serenissimi Domini et Dominæ Gulielmi et Mariæ, Dei Gratia, Angliæ, Scotiæ, Franciæ, et Hib. Regis et Reginæ, Fidei Defensor. Secundo, in quem diem prædict. hæc Secunda Sessio Parliament. prorogat. suit, in Superiori Parliamenti Domo apud Westm. convenere Domini tam Spirituales quam Temporales, quorum Nomina subscribuntur, præsentes fuerunt:
Epus. St. Asaph.
Duke of Cumberland.
Thomas Osborn, Marq. of Carmarthen, L. President.
Duke of Southampton.
Duke of Ormond.
Duke of Northumberland.
Duke of Bolton.
Marq. of Hallifax.
Earl of Lyndsey, L. Great Chamberlain of England.
Earl of Dorset & Midd. L. Chamberlain of His Majesty's Household.
Earl of Oxon.
Earl of Shrewsbury.
Earl of Kent.
Earl of Huntingdon.
Earl of Pembrooke.
Earl of Suffolke.
Earl of Denbigh.
Earl of Bolingbrooke.
Earl of (fn. 1) Manchester.
Earl of Mulgrave.
Earl of Rivers.
Earl of Carnarvon.
Earl of Thanet.
Earl of Scarsdale.
Earl of Bath.
Earl of Craven.
Earl of Feversham.
Earl of Macclesfeld.
Earl of Berkley.
Earl of Nottingham.
Earl of Rochester.
Earl of Portland.
Earl of Fauconberg.
Earl of Monmouth.
Earl of Warrington.
L. Howard de Effing.
L. Berkeley of Strat.
E. of Thanet takes the Oaths.
This Day Thomas Earl of Thanet took the Oaths, and made and subscribed the Declaration, in Pursuance of the Statutes.
The House was adjourned during Pleasure, and the Peers withdrew to robe themselves.
The House was resumed.
His Majesty ascended His Throne; being adorned with His Regal Crown and Robes (the Peers being likewise in their Robes); commanded the Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod to give Notice to the House of Commons, "That they attend His Majesty presently, with their Speaker."
Who being come, His Majesty made the Speech following:
"My Lords and Gentlemen,
"Since I last met you, I have used My best Endeavours to reduce Ireland into such a Condition this Year, as that it might be no longer a Charge to England. And it has pleased GOD to bless My Endeavours with such Success, that I doubt not but I should have been fully possessed of that Kingdom by this Time, had I been enabled to have gone into the Field as soon as I should have done, and as is more especially necessary in Ireland, where the Rains are so great, and begin so early.
"I think Myself obliged to take Notice, how well the Army there have behaved themselves upon all Occasions, and born great Hardships with little Pay, and with so much Patience and Willingness, as could not proceed but from an affectionate Duty to My Service, and a Zeal for the Protestant Religion.
"I have already made it evident, how much I have preferred the Satisfaction of My Subjects, before the most solid Advantages of the Crown, by parting with so considerable a Branch of its Inheritance: And it is no less apparent that I have asked no Revenue for Myself, but what I have readily subjected to be charged to the Use of the War.
"I did, at My Departure, give Order for all the Public Accompts to be made ready for Me against My Return; and I have commanded them to be laid before the House of Commons; by which they will see that the real Want of what was necessary beyond the Funds given, and the not getting in due Time that for which Funds were assigned, have been the principal Causes why the Army is in so much Arrear of their Pay, and the Stores both for the Navy and the Ordnance not supplied as they ought to be.
"Now, as I have neither spared My Person nor My Pains to do you all the Good I could; so I doubt not but, if you will as chearfully do your Parts, it is in your Power to make both Me and yourselves happy, and the Nation great: And on the other Hand it is too plain, by what the French have let you see so lately, that, if the present War be not prosecuted with Vigour, no Nation in the World is exposed to greater Danger.
"I hope, therefore, there will need no more upon that Subject, than to lay before you, Gentlemen of the House of Commons, the State of what will be necessary for the Support of the Fleet and Armies; which cannot possibly admit of being lessened in the Year ensuing; and to recommend to your Care the clearing of My Revenue, so as to enable Me to subsist, and to maintaln the Charge of the Civil List; the Revenue being so engaged, that it must be wholly applied, after the First of November next, to pay off the Debts already charged upon it; and therefore a present Consideration must be had of the Arrears of the Army, which shall likewise be laid before you; and for all which I must desire a sufficient and timely Supply.
"It is further necessary to inform you, that the whole Support of the Confederacy Abroad will absolutely depend upon the Speed and Vigour of your Proceedings in this Session.
"And here I must take Notice, with great Satisfaction, of the Readiness which My Subjects of all Degrees have shewn, both in this City and in the several Counties, by giving their Assistances so chearfully as they did, in My Absence, while the French Fleet was upon our Coasts: And besides this so convincing Mark of the good Inclinations of My People, I have found through all the Countries where I passed, both at My going into Ireland, and in My Return from thence, such Demonstrations of their Affection, that I have not the least Doubt but I shall find the same from their Representatives in Parliament.
"I cannot conclude without taking Notice also how much the Honour of the Nation has been exposed by the ill Conduct of My Fleet, in the last Summer's Engagement against the French; and I think Myself so much concerned to see it vindicated, that I cannot rest satisfied till an Example has been made of such as shall be found faulty upon their Examination and Trial, which was not practicable while the whole Fleet was Abroad, but is now put into the proper Way of being done as soon as may be.
"My Lords and Gentlemen.
"I look upon the future Well-being of this Kingdom to depend upon the Result of your Councils and Determinations at this Time: And the Benefit will be Double by the Speed of your Resolutions; in so much, that I hope you will agree with Me in this Conclusion, That whosoever goes about to obstruct or divert your Applications to these Matters, preferably to all others, can neither be My Friend nor the Kingdom's."
This being ended, His Majesty withdrew, and the Commons went to their House.
Price of Coals for regulating Bill.
Hodie 1a vice lecta est Billa, "An Act for reviving a former Act for regulating the Measures and Prices of Coals."
Then the House named the Standing Committees.
Committee of Privileges.
Lords Committees appointed to consider of the Customs and Orders of this House, and the Privileges of Parliament, and of the Peers of this Kingdom and Lords of Parliament.
Their Lordships, or any Seven of them; to meet on Monday next, at Four of the Clock in the Afternoon, in the House of Peers; and every Monday afterwards, at the same Time; and to adjourn as they please.
Committee for the Journal.
Lords Sub-committees appointed to consider of the Orders and Customs of the House, and the Privileges of the Peers of this Kingdom, and Lords of Parliament; and to peruse and perfect the Journal of the last Session, and this Session of Parliament.
Committee for Petitions.
Their Lordships, or any Three of them; to meet on Monday next, at Four of the Clock in the Afternoon, in, or any where near, the House of Peers; and afterwards when, where, and as often as, they shall please.
Lords Committees appointed by the House to receive and consider of Petitions, and afterwards to make Report thereof to the House.
Their Lordships, or any Five of them; to meet on Tuesday next, and every Tuesday after, in the Painted Chamber, at Four of the Clock in the Afternoon; and to adjourn as they please.
Earls of Peterborough and Sarum, Petitions, to be released:
Upon reading the Petition of the Right Honourable Henry Earl of Peterborough; shewing, "That he hath been kept Prisoner in the Tower for almost Two Years, notwithstanding a Dissolution and several Prorogations of Parliament have intervened, as also an Act of Free and General Pardon; and praying to be discharged by Order of this House:"
It is ORDERED, by the Lords Spiritual and Temporal in Parliament assembled, That all the Judges do attend this House on Monday next, at Ten of the Clock in the Forenoon, to give their Opinion, "Whether the Earl of Peterborough be pardoned by the Act of the King and Queen's most Gracious, General and Free Pardon."
Judges to give their Opinions, whether they are pardoned by the Act.
Upon reading the Petition of the Right Honourable James Earl of Salisbury; shewing, "That he hath been a Prisoner so a Year and Nine Months, notwithstanding the late Act of Free and General Pardon, and praying to be discharged:"
It is ORDERED, by the Lords Spiritual and Temporal in Parliament assembled, That all the Judges do attend this House on Monday next, at Ten of the Clock in the Forenoon, to give their Opinions, "Whether the Earl of Salisbury be pardoned by the Act for the King and Queen's Most Gracious, General and Free Pardon."
Next, His Majesty's Most Gracious Speech was read.
Address to the King, to thank Him for going to Ireland.
And these Lords following were appointed to draw up an Address, to be presented to His Majesty, to thank Him for the great Advantage this House and the whole Kingdom hath received by His Majesty's hazarding His Royal Person in His Expedition into Ireland; and to report the same to this House on Monday Morning next:
Their Lordships, or any Three; to meet Tomorrow Morning, at Ten of the Clock, in the Prince's Lodgings.
Samon versus Jones, in Error.
The Lord Chief Baron Atkins, in the usual Manner, brought in a Writ of Error; wherein Samon is Plaintiff, and Jones is Defendant.
Robertus Atkins, Miles de Balneo, Capitalis Baro de Scaccario, Orator Procerum, declaravit præsens Parliamentum continuandum esse usque in diem Lunæ, videlicet, sextum diem instantis Octobris, hora decima Aurora, Dominis sic decernentibus.