Journal of the House of Lords Volume 23, 1727-1731. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1767-1830.
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Anno Primo Georgii Secundi.
At the Parliament met at Westminster, on Occasion of the Demise of His late Majesty King George (of Blessed Memory), in Pursuance of the Act of the Sixth Year of the Reign of Her late Majesty Queen Anne, intituled, "An Act for the Security of Her Majesty's Person and Government, and of the Succession to the Crown of Great Britain in the Protestant Line;" being the Sixth Session of the Sixth Parliament of Great Britain.
DIE Jovis, 15o Junii, 1727.
DIE Jovis, 15o Junii, 1727, Annoque Regni Serenissimi Domini Georgii Secundi, Dei Gratia, Magnæ Britanniæ, Franciæ, et Hib'niæ Regis, Fidei Defensoris, &c. Primo, in Superiori Parliamenti Domo apud Westmonaster. convenere, Domini tam Spirituales quam Temporales, quorum Nomina subscribuntur, et præsentes fuerunt:
L. Chancellor takes the Oaths.
Peter Lord King, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, singly, at the Table, took the Oaths, and made and subscribed the Declaration, and also took and subscribed the Oath of Abjuration, pursuant to the Statutes.
Lords take the Oaths.
Whereupon Four of the Lords Commissioners, in their Robes, being seated on a Form placed between the Throne and the Woolsack; the Lord Chancellor in the Middle; and the Lord Steward and Lord Carteret on his Right Hand; and the Lord Viscount Falmouth on his Left; commanded Sir Charles Dalton Knight, Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod, to let the Commons know, "That the Lords Commissioners desire their immediate Attendance in this House, to hear His Majesty's Commission read."
Commission for proroguing the Parliament.
"Georgius Secundus, Dei Gratia, Magnæ Britanniæ, Franciæ, et Hib'niæ Rex, Fidei Defensor, &c. Reverendissimo in Christo Patri et Fideli Consiliario Nostro Will'o Archiepiscopo Cantuar. totius Angliæ Primati et Metropolitano, Prædilecto et Fideli Consiliario Nostro Petro Domino King Cancellario Nostro Magnæ Britanniæ, Reverendissimo in Christo Patri et Fideli Consiliario Nostro Lancelot. Archiepiscopo Ebor. Angliæ Primati et Metropolitano, Charissimo Consanguineo et Consiliario Nostro Will'o Duci Devon Præsidenti Concilii Nostri, Prædilecto et Fideli Consiliario Nostro Thomæ Domino Trevor Custodi Privati Sigilli Nostri, Charissimis Consanguineis et Consiliariis Nostris Lionel. Duci Dorset Senescallo Hospitii Nostri, Carolo Duci Grafton Camerario Hospitii Nostri, Carolo Duci Somerset, Carolo Duci Bolton, Hen'co Duci Kent, Jacobo Duci Montrose, Joh'i Duci Roxburgh, Peregin. Duci de Ancaster et Kesteven Magno Camerario Angliæ, Thomæ Holles Duci Newcastle Uni Primariorum Secretariorum Nostrorum, Joh'i Duci Argyll et Greenwich, Jacobo Duci Chandos, Jacobo Comiti Derby, Thomæ Comiti Pembroke et Montgomery, Hen'co Comiti Lincoln, Thomæ Comiti Westmorland, Arthuro Comiti Anglesey, Carolo Comiti Carlisle, Jacobo Comiti Berkeley, Daniel. Comiti Nottingham, Montagu Comiti Abingdon, Will'o Comiti Coventry, Ed'r'o Comiti Orford, Franc'o Comiti Godolphin, Joh'i Comiti Sutherland, Hugon. Comiti Loudoun, Jacobo Comiti Findlater et Seafield, Joh'i Comiti Stair, Archibald. Comiti Ilay, Hen'co. Comiti Uxbridge, Georgio Comiti Halifax, Carolo Vicecomiti Townshend Primario Secretario Nostro, Hen'co Vicecomiti Lonsdale, Ric'o Vicecomiti Cobham, Hugon. Vicecomiti Falmouth, Simon. Vicecomiti Harcourt, Georgio Vicecomiti Torrington, Reverendo in Christo Patri et Fideli Consiliario Nostro Ed'o Episcopo London. Prædilectis et Fidelibus Consiliariis Nostris Will'o Domino Berkeley de Stratton, Joh'i Domino Carteret, et Nic'o Domino Lechmere Cancellario Ducatus (fn. 1)Nostri Lancastr. Salutem. Cum nuper, pro quibusdam arduis et urgentibus Negotiis, Statum et Defensionem Regni Nostri Mag. Britanniæ et Ecclesiæ concernentibus, præsens hoc Parliamentum Nostrum, apud Civitatem Nostram Westm. Decimo Die Maii, Anno Regni Georgii nuper Regis (beatæ Memoriæ) Octavo, inchoari et teneri ordinatum fuerit; quod Parliamentum abinde prorogatum fuit usque ad Nonum Diem Octobris tunc prox. sequen.; et abinde, per separales Prorogationes, continuatum fuit usque ad et in Decimum Quintum Diem Maii ult. præterit.; quo Die idem Parliamentum usque ad et in Vicesimum Septimum Diem instantis Mensis Junii ulterius prorogari ordinatum fuerit: Cumque dictum Parliamentum sic in esse Tempore Mortis dicti Domini Georgri nuper Regis, et ad tunc sep'at. per Prorogationes sit virtute Act. Parliamenti nuper in ea Parte edit. Parliamentum Nostrum, et conveniendum ut Parliamentum Nostrum: Sciatis tamen, quod, certis urgentibus Causis et Considerationibus Nos specialiter moventibus, idem Parliamentum Nostrum prorogandum duximus. De Fidelitate igitur, Prudentia, et Circumspectionibus vestris plurimum confidentes, de Avisamento et Assensu Concilii Nostri, assignavimus vos Commissionarios Nostros; dantes vobis, et aliquibus Tribus vel pluribus vestrum, Tenore Præsentium, plenam Potestatem et Auctoritatem, hoc instante Die Jovis, ad præsens Parliamentum Nostrum, Nomine Nostro, usque ad et in Diem Martis, Vicesimum Septimum Diem instantis Mensis Junii, apud prædictam Civitatem Nostram Westm. ulterius prorogandum et continuandum, ibidem tunc tenendum et prosequendum; et ideo vobis mandamus, quod circa Præmissa diligenter intendatis, ac ea in Forma prædicta effectualiter expleatis. Damus autem universis et singulis Archiepiscopis, Ducibus, Marchionibus, Comitibus, Vicecomitibus, Episcopis, Baronibus, Militibus, Civibus, Burgensibus, et Commissionariis pro Comitatibus et Burgis, et omnibus aliis quorum interest ad dictum Parliamentum Nostrum conventuris, Tenore Præsentium, firmiter in Mandatis, quod vobis, in Præmissis faciendis, agendis, et exequendis, pareant, obediant, et intendant, prout decet. In cujus Rei Testimonium, has Literas Nostras fieri fecimus Patentes.
"By virtue of His Majesty's Commission now read, to us and others directed, we do, in His Majesty's Name, and by His Royal Authority, prorogue this Parliament to Tuesday the Twenty-seventh Day of this Instant June, to be then here held: And this Parliament is accordingly prorogued to Tuesday the Twentyseventh Day of this Instant June."
Anno Primo Georgii Secundi.
DIE Martis, Vicesimo Septimo Junii, 1727.
DIE Martis, Vicesimo Septimo Junii, 1727, Annoque Regni Serenissimi Domini Georgii Secundi, Det Gratia, Magnæ Britanniæ, Franciæ, et Hiberniæ Regis, Fidei Defensoris, &c. Primo; in quem Diem hæc Sexta Sessio Parliamenti per Prorogation. continuatum suerat, in Superiori Domo Parliamenti Magnæ Britanniæ apud Westmonaster. convenere, Domini tam Spirituales quam Temporales, quorum Nomina subscribuntur, et præsentes fuerunt:
His Majesty, being seated on His Royal Throne, adorned with His Crown and Regal Ornaments, and attended with His Officers of State; the Lords being also in their Robes; commanded the Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod to let the Commons know, "His Majesty commands their immediate Attendance in this House."
His Majesty's Speech.
"I am persuaded that you all share with Me in My Grief and Affliction for the Death of My late Royal Father; which, as it brings upon Me the immediate Care and Weight of the Government, adds very much to My Concern, lest I should not be as successful in My Endeavours, as I am above all Things desirous, to make you a great and happy People.
"I heartily wish that this First solemn Declaration of My Mind in Parliament could sufficiently express the Sentiments of My Heart, and give you a perfect and just Sense of My fixed Resolution, by all possible Means, to merit the Love and Affection of My People; which I shall always look upon as the best Support and Security of My Crown.
"And as the Religion, Liberty, Property, and a due Execution of the Laws, are the most valuable Blessings of a free People, and the peculiar Privileges of this Nation; it shall be My constant Care to preserve the Constitution of this Kingdom, as it is now happily established in Church and State, inviolable in all its Parts; and to secure to all My Subjects the full Enjoyment of their Religious and Civil Rights.
"I see with great Pleasure the happy Effects of that Vigour and Resolution which was exerted, in the last Session of Parliament, for the Defence of the Rights and Possessions of this Nation, and for maintaining the Tranquillity and Balance of Power in Europe. The strict Union and Harmony which has hitherto subsisted among the Allies of the Treaty of Hanover has chiefly contributed to the near Prospect of a general Peace; I have therefore given all My Allies the strongest Assurances of pursuing the same Measures, and of making good the Engagements entered into by the Crown of Great Britain.
"The Chearfulness with which the Supplies necessary for carrying on this great Work were raised, making it but just that the Public Expence should be lessened as soon as the Circumstances of Affairs will permit; I have already given Orders for sending back some of the Regiments brought from Ireland; and will proceed to reduce My Forces, both by Sea and Land, as soon as it can be done without Prejudice to the common Cause, and consistent with the Interest of My Kingdom.
"You know very well that the Grant of the greatest Part of the Civil List Revenues is now determined, and that it is necessary for you to make a new Provision for the Support of Me and My Family. I am confident it is needless for Me, in any particular Manner, to recommend to your Care the Consideration of what so nearly and personally concerns Me; and I am persuaded, that the Experience of past Times, and a due Regard to the Honour and Dignity of the Crown, will prevail upon you to give Me this First Proof of your Zeal and Affection, in a Manner answerable to the Necessities of My Government.
"I recommend it to you to give all possible Dispatch to such Business as shall necessarily be brought before you; the Season of the Year, and the Circumstances of Time, requiring your Presence in the Country, and making it improper to carry this Session into any great Length."
Lords take the Oaths.
Order for Address on His Majesty's Speech.
It is Ordered, That an humble Address be presented to His Majesty, "To return the Thanks of this House, for His Majesty's most Gracious Speech from the Throne: To assure His Majesty, that although we could not but be affected with the deepest Sorrow at the Death of our late Gracious Sovereign, our Hearts are yet filled with an inexpressible Joy at His Majesty's peaceable and happy Succession to the Throne of His Royal Ancestors: Most humbly and thankfully to acknowledge His Majesty's most tender and affectionate Concern for the Happiness of His People; and particularly to return our hearty and unseigned Thanks to His Majesty, for His most gracious and solemn Declaration, "That He should always esteem the Love and Affections of His People as the best Support of His Crown; and that it should be His constant Care to preserve the Constitution of this Kingdom inviolable, as it is now happily established in Church and State, and to secure to all His Subjects the full Enjoyment of their Religious and Civil Rights:" That nothing could have more encouraged His Majesty's good Subjects in the faithful Discharge of their Duty, than His Majesty's Royal Approbation of that Vigour and Resolution which was exerted in the last Session of Parliament, for the Defence of the Rights and Possessions of this Nation, and for maintaining the Tranquillity and Balance of Power in Europe; nor any Thing have been a greater Satisfaction to us, than His Majesty's having given all His Allies the strongest Assurances of His pursuing the same Measures, and making good the Engagements entered into by the Crown of Great Britain: That we are firmly persuaded that these many Instances of His Majesty's transcendent Goodness to His People justly require, and cannot fail of meeting with, all imaginable Returns of their Duty and Loyalty: To give His Majesty the strongest Assurances of our inviolable Fidelity, and of our fixed and unalterable Resolution, upon all Occasions, to the utmost of our Power, to maintain His Majesty's undoubted Right and Title to the Imperial Crown of this Realm, and the several Dominions thereto belonging; that we will, according to the many solemn Assurances we have already given, make our strongest Efforts in Maintenance of His Majesty's undoubted Right to every other Part of His Dominions against all Attempts whatsoever; and that we will chearfully embrace all Opportunities to support and advance the Honour and Dignity of the Crown."
"We, Your Majesty's most dutiful and loyal Subjects, the Lords Spiritual and Temporal in Parliament assembled, beg Leave to return Your Majesty our most hearty and unfeigned Thanks, for Your Majesty's most Gracious Speech from the Throne; and to assure Your Majesty, that though we are affected with the utmost Sorrow at the Death of our late Gracious Sovereign, our Hearts are at the same Time filled with an inexpressible Joy at Your Majesty's peaceable and happy Accession to the Throne of Your Royal Ancestors.
Your Majesty's tender Concern for Your People, and Your most gracious and solemn Declaration, "That You will always esteem their Love and Affection as the best Support of Your Crown; that it shall be Your constant Care to preserve the Constitution of this Kingdom inviolable, as it is now happily established in Church and State; and that You will secure to all Your Subjects the full Enjoyment of their Religious and Civil Rights," claims our most sincere and dutiful Acknowledgements; and may justly be depended upon from Your Majesty, who so early and so eminently distinguished Yourself in Defence of the Protestant Cause, and the Liberties of Europe in general.
"Nothing can be a greater Encouragement to Your Majesty's good Subjects in the faithful Discharge of their Duty, than Your Royal Approbation of that Vigour and Resolution which was exerted in the last Session of Parliament, for the Defence of the Rights and Possessions of this Nation, and for maintaining the Tranquillity and Balance of Power in Europe; nor can any Thing be a greater Satisfaction to us, than the strong Assurances Your Majesty has given to all Your Allies, of pursuing the same Measures, and making good the Engagements entered into by the Crown of Great Britain.
"We are most firmly persuaded, that these many Instances of Your Majesty's great Goodness to Your People justly deserve, and cannot fail of meeting with, all imaginable Returns of their Gratitude and Loyalty; and we beg Leave to assure Your Majesty in the strongest Manner of our inviolable Fidelity, and of our fixed and unalterable Resolution, upon all Occasions, to maintain Your Majesty's undoubted Right and Title to the Imperial Crown of these Realms, and the several Dominions thereunto belonging; and that we will, in Pursuance of the many solemn Assurances we have already given, use our utmost Eftorts to maintain Your Majesty's undoubted Right to every other Part of Your Dominions, against all Attempts whatsoever; and that we will chearfully embrace all Opportunities to support and advance the Honour and Dignity of the Crown."
Committee for Privileges.
Committee for the Journal.
Lords Sub-committees appointed to consider of the Orders and Customs of the House, and Privileges of the Peers of Great Britain and Lords of Parliament; and to peruse and perfect the Journal of this and the last Session of Parliament.
Stoppages in the Streets, Order to prevent.
The House taking Notice, " That there is such an Interruption, by Hackney Coaches, Carts, and Drays, in King's Street, and the Passages to The Old Palace Yard in Westnunster, that the Lords and others are frequently hindered from coming to this House, to the great Inconveniency of the Members of both Houses:"
It is thereupon Ordered, by the Lords Spiritual and Temporal in Parliament assembled, That the High Steward of the City of Westminster, or his Deputy, together with the Justices of the Peace for the said City, shall, by their Care and Directions to the Constables and other Officers within the said Limits, take special Order, that no empty Hackney Coaches be suffered to make any Stay, between Whitehall and The Old Palace Yard in Westminster, from Eleven of the Clock in the Forenoon until Five of the Clock in the Afternoon of the same Day, during the Sitting of this Parliament; and that no Carriages, Drays, or Carts, be permitted to pass through the said Streets and Passages, between the Hours aforesaid, during the Sitting of this Parliament: And herein special Care is to be taken, by the said Deputy Steward, Justices of the Peace, Constables, and all other Officers herein concerned, as the contrary will be answered to this House: And it is further Ordered, That the High Bailiff of the City of Westminster, and the Justices of the Peace for the City and Liberty thereof, or some of them residing in Westminster, be served with the Order of this House made this Day, for the Purposes aforesaid.
DIE Mercurii, 28o Junii.
Lords take the Oaths.
His Majesty to be attended with the Address.
The Lord Steward acquainted the House, "That the Lords with White Staves (according to Order) had waited on His Majesty, humbly to know what Time His Majesty would please to appoint, to be attended by this House, with their Address of Yesterday; and that His Majesty had been pleased to appoint this Afternoon, at Two a Clock, at His Palace of St. James's."
Motion for dispensing with Standing Orders relating to Appeals.
The House was informed, "That there were divers Appeals depending in this House, which, unless prosecuted as directed by the Standing Orders of the Fifth of April 1720, requiring the Prosecution of Appeals within Eight Days from the First Day of every Session or Meeting of Parliament, would be dismissed:"
No Appeal or Writ of Error to be received or proceeded on this Session.
DIE Jovis, 29o Junii.
L. Fitzwalter takes the Oaths.
His Majesty's Answer to the Address:
"I thank you heartily for this very loyal Address; such a Demonstration of your Duty and Affection cannot but be truly acceptable to Me: You may be assured, that I shall, through the whole Course of My Reign, have no other View, than the Interest and Happiness of My People."
Address and Answer to be printed.
Orders relating to Appeals.
The House (according to Order) proceeded to take into Consideration the Motion made Yesterday, for dispensing with the Standing Orders of this House, of the Fifth of April 1720, requiring the Prosecution of Appeals within Eight Days from the First Day of every Session or Meeting of Parliament.