Journal of the House of Lords Volume 28, 1753-1756. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1767-1830.
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DIE Sabbati, 1o Junii.
Then Five of the Lords Commissioners, being in their Robes, and seated on a Form placed between the Throne and the Woolsack; the Lord Chancellor in the Middle, with the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury and the Duke of Newcastle on his Right Hand; and the Lord President and the Duke of Dorset on his Left; commanded the Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod to let the Commons know, "The Lords Commissioners desire their immediate Attendance in this House."
"His Majesty's faithful Commons, in Parliament assembled, have, in Pursuance of His Royal Direction, and according to their ancient Right, proceeded to the Election of One of their Members to be their Speaker in this Parliament; and their Choice has again fallen upon me for this great Trust. From what has passed in several former Parliaments with regard to myself, I did not presume to dispute the Commands of the Commons upon this Occasion: It is for the same Reasons, and from the like Principle of Duty, I forbear to urge any Thing here against their present Resolution; but resign myself entirely to His Majesty's Pleasure, well knowing His own Royal Wisdom can have best determined His own Choice, either to approve or disapprove what His Commons have now done."
"The King has had such ample and satisfactory Experience of your great Abilities and Zeal for the Service of Himself and your Country, in the important Station to which you are now a Fifth Time called by the general Voice of His faithful Commons, that His Majesty has commanded us to let you know, That He entirely approves the Choice which His Commons have made: And we do, by virtue of His Majesty's Commission, and in His Name, allow and confirm you to be their Speaker."
"Since His Majesty has been pleased to approve the Choice the Commons have made of me to be their Speaker; it becomes me to submit to His Royal Determination, and to receive with all Humility and Thankfulness this fresh Instance of His Royal Grace and Favour to me: And, for my Encouragement therein, I have an humble Hope of the Continuance of His Pardon of my Failings and Infirmities in it; at least, that they will not in any Wife be imputed by His Majesty to His faithful Commons: And, that they may be the better enabled to perform their Duty to His Majesty and their Country, I do, in their Name, and on their Behalf, by humble Petition to His Majesty, lay Claim to all their ancient Rights and Privileges; particularly,
"And we do, by virtue of His Majesty's Commission, and in His Name, declare to you, that the King grants and allows to them all their Privileges, in as full and ample Manner as they have at any Time heretofore been granted or allowed by His Majesty, or any of His Royal Predecessors.
"As to what you, Sir, have desired, on your own Behalf; the King has never, through a long Course of Years, had any Reason to apprehend that you can stand in Need of such an Indulgence: But His Majesty has commanded us to assure you of His gracious Support in the Discharge of your great and arduous Trust; and that He will put the most favourable Construction both upon your Words and Actions."
"In Pursuance of the Authority given us, by His Majesty's Commission under the Great Seal, amongst other Things, to declare the Causes of your present Meeting; we are, by the King's Command, to acquaint you, that His Majesty has been graciously pleased to give you this early Opportunity of coming together, in order that certain Parliamentary Proceedings may be gone through, which His Majesty judges it will be for the Satisfaction of His good Subjects to have completed without Loss of Time.
"His Majesty does not think proper now to lay before you any Points of general Business, reserving every Thing of that Nature to the usual Time of your assembling in the Winter: But we are expressly directed to assure you, that His Majesty has the greatest Confidence in the Duty and good Affections of this Parliament for His Royal Person, Family, and Government, and in their Zeal for the true Interest of their Country, of which He doubts not to find the best Effects.
"We have nothing further in Command from His Majesty; except to recommend to you, as well for the Publick Convenience as your own, to give the utmost Dispatch to what is at present necessary to come under your Consideration."
The House was moved, "That the Standing Orders of this House, of the 5th of April 1720, requiring Appeals to be posecuted within Eight Days from the First Day of every Session, or Meeting of Parliament, might be read."
Et ceux qui veulent delivre (fn. 1) leur Petitions, les baillent dedans Six Jours procheinment ensuivant.
Lords Sub-Committees appointed to consider of the Orders and Customs of the House and Privileges of the Peers of Great Britain and Lords of Parliament; and to peruse and perfect the Journal of this and former Sessions of Parliament.
The House taking Notice, "That there is such an Interruption, by Hackney Coaches, Carts, and Drays, in the Streets and Passages between Charing Cross and The Old Palace Yard in Westminster, that the Lords and others are frequently hindered from coming to this House, to the great Inconveniency of the Members of both Houses:"
It is thereupon Ordered, by the Lords Spiritual and Temporal in Parliament assembled, That the High Steward of the City of Westminster, or his Deputy, together with the Justices of the Peace for the said City, shall, by their Care and Directions to the Constables and other Officers within the said Limits, take special Order, that no empty Hackney Coaches be suffered to make any Stay, between Whitehall and The Old Palace Yard in Westminster, from Eleven of the Clock in the Forenoon until Five of the Clock in the Afternoon of the same Day, during the Sitting of this Parliament; and that no Carriages, Drays, or Carts, be permitted to pass through the said Streets and Passages, between Charing Cross and The Old Palace Yard, between the Hours aforesaid, during the Sitting of this Parliament; and herein special Care is to be taken, by the said Deputy Steward, Justices of the Peace, Constables, and all other Officers herein concerned, as the contrary will be answered to this House: And it is further Ordered, That the High Bailiff of the City of Westminster, and the Justices of the Peace for the City and Liberty thereof, or some of them residing in Westminster, be served with the Order of this House, made this Day, for the Purposes aforesaid.
DIE Lunæ, 3o Junii.
The Lord Archer reported from the Lords Committees to whom the Bill, intituled, "An Act for naturalizing Peter Michael Morin, was committed: "That they had considered the said Bill, and examined the Allegations thereof, which were found to be true; and that the Committee had gone through the Bill, and directed him to report the same to the House, without any Amendment."
The Order of the Day was read, for taking into Consideration the Motion made on Saturday last, for dispensing with the Standing Orders of this House, of the 5th of April 1720, requiring Appeals to be presented within Eight Days from the First Day of every Session, or Meeting of Parliament.
DIE Martis, 4o Junii.
Comes Hardwicke, Cancellarius.
Comes Granville, Præses.
DIE Mercurii, 5o Junii.
Comes Hardwicke, Cancellarius.
Comes Granville, Præses.
Then Four of the Lords Commissioners, being in their Robes, and seated on a Form placed between the Throne and the Woolsack; the Lord Chancellor in the Middle; with the Lord President and the Duke of Dorset on his Right Hand; and the Duke of Newcastle on his Left; commanded the Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod to let the Commons know, "The Lords Commissioners desire their immediate Attendance in this House, to hear the Commission read."
"The King, not thinking fit to be present here this Day in His Royal Person, has been pleased to cause a Commission to be issued under His Great Seal, and thereby given His Royal Assent to an Act, which hath been agreed upon in both Houses of Parliament, the Title whereof is particularly set forth. His Majesty has also, by the said Commission, authorized and commanded the same Commissioners who are appointed by former Letters Patent to open and hold this Parliament, to declare and notify, in His Majesty's Absence, His Royal Assent to the said Act, in this House, in the Presence of you the Lords and Commons assembled for that Purpose; which Commission you will now hear read."
"George the Second, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, and so forth: To Our Right Trusty and Right Well-beloved the Lords Spiritual and Temporal; and to Our Trusty and Well-beloved the Knights, Citizens, and Burgesses, and the Commissioners for Shires and Boroughs of the House of Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, Greeting. Whereas We have seen, and perfectly understood, an Act agreed and accorded on by you Our loving Subjects, the Lords Spiritual and Temporal and the Commons in this Our present Parliament assembled, and endorsed by you as hath been accustomed, the Title and Name of which Act hereafter doth particularly ensue; (that is to say,) "An Act for naturalizing Peter Michael Morin;" and albeit the said Act, by you Our said Subjects the Lords and Commons in this Our present Parliament assembled, is fully agreed and consented unto; yet nevertheless the same is not of Force and Effect in the Law, without Our Royal Assent given and put to the said Act: And forasmuch as, for divers Causes and Considerations We cannot conveniently at this Time be present in Our Royal Person, in the Higher House of Our said Parliament, being the Place accustomed to give Our Royal Assent to such Acts as have been agreed upon by you Our said Subjects the Lords and Commons; We have therefore caused these Our Letters Patent to be made, and have signed the same; and, by the same, do give and put Our Royal Assent to the said Act, and to all Articles, Clauses, and Provisions, therein contained, and have fully agreed and assented to the said Act; willing that the said Act, and every Article, Clause, Sentence, and Provision, therein contained, from henceforth shall be of the same Strength, Force, and Effect, as if We had been personally present in the said Higher House, and had openly and publickly, in the Presence of you all, assented to the same: And We do, by these Presents, declare and notify the same Our Royal Assent, as well to you the Lords Spiritual and Temporal and Commons in Parliament assembled aforesaid, as to all others whom it may concern; commanding also, by these Presents, Our Right Trusty and Right Well-beloved Cousin and Counsellor Philip Earl of Hardwicke Our Chancellor of Great Britain, to seal these Our Letters Patent with Our Great Seal of Great Britain; and also commanding Our most Dear Son and Faithful Counsellor William Duke of Cumberland, the most Reverend Father in God and Our Faithful Counsellor Thomas Archbishop of Canterbury Primate and Metropolitan of all England, Our said Chancellor of Great Britain, Our most Dear Cousins and Counsellors John Earl Granville President of Our Council, John Earl Gower Keeper of Our Privy Seal, Charles Duke of Marlborough Steward of Our Household, Charles Duke of Grafton Chamberlain of Our Household, Archibald Duke of Argyll, Thomas Holles Duke of Newcastle First Commissioner of Our Treasury, Lionel Cranfield Duke of Dorset Lieutenant General and General Governor of Our Kingdom of Ireland, William Lord Cavendish of Hardwyck commonly called Marquis of Hartington Master of Our Horse, Robert Earl of Holdernesse One of Our Principal Secretaries of State, William Anne Earl of Albemarle Groom of Our Stole; and Our Well-beloved and Faithful Counsellor George Lord Anson First Commissioner of Our Admiralty, or any Three or more of them, to declare and notify this Our Royal Assent, in Our Absence, in the said Higher House, in the Presence of you the said Lords and the Commons of Our Parliament there to be assembled for that Purpose; and the Clerk of Our Parliaments to endorse the said Act with such Terms and Words, in Our Name, as is requisite, and hath been accustomed for the same; and also to enrol these Our Letters Patent, and the said Act, in the Parliament Roll; and these Our Letters Patent shall be to every of them a sufficient Warrant in that Behalf. And finally We do declare and will, that, after this Our Royal Assent given and passed by these Presents, and declared and notified as is aforesaid, then and immediately the said Act shall be taken, accepted, and admitted, a good, sufficient, and perfect, Act of Parliament and Law, to all Intents, Constructions, and Purposes, and to be put in due Execution accordingly; the Continuance or Dissolution of this Our Parliament, or any other Use, Custom, Thing, or Things, to the contrary thereof notwithstanding. And whereas, by Our Letters Patent, bearing Date at Westminster, the Twenty-second Day of May last past, We did give and grant unto the same Our most Dear Son, Archbishop of Canterbury, Our Chancellor of Great Britain, President of Our Council, Keeper of Our Privy Seal, Steward of Our Household, Chamberlain of Our Household, Duke of Argyll, Duke of Newcastle, Duke of Dorset, Lord Cavendish of Hardwyck, Earl of Holdernesse, Earl of Albemarle, and Lord Anson, or any Three of them, full Power, in Our Name, to begin and hold Our said Parliament, and to open and declare, and cause to be opened and declared, the Causes of holding the same, and to proceed upon the said Affairs, in Our said Parliament, and in all Matters arising therein, and to do every Thing which for Us, and by Us, for the good Government of Our said Kingdom of Great Britain and other Our Dominions thereto belonging, should be therein to be done; and also, if necessary, to continue, adjourn, and prorogue, Our said Parliament; We do hereby further declare, that Our said Letters Patent, and every Clause, Matter, and Thing, therein contained, are, and shall be, in as full Force and Strength (these Our Letters Patent or any Thing herein notwithstanding) as if these Presents had not been had or made: And Our Will and Pleasure is, and We do ordain and constitute, that the same Our most Dear Son, Archbishop of Canterbury, Our Chancellor of Great Britain, President of Our Council, Keeper of Our Privy Seal, Steward of Our Household, Chamberlain of Our Household, Duke of Argyll, Duke of Newcastle, Duke of Dorset, Lord Cavendish of Hardwyck, Earl of Holdernesse, Earl of Albemarle, and Lord Anson, or any Three of them, shall put in Execution all the Powers and Authorities in the said Letters Patent mentioned and expressed, that yet remain to be done and executed. In Witness whereof, We have caused these Our Letters to be made Patent.
"In Obedience to His Majesty's Commands, and by Virtue of both the Commissions already mentioned to you (One whereof has been now read), we declare and notify to you the Lords Spiritual and Temporal and Commons in Parliament assembled, that His Majesty has given His Royal Assent to the Act in the last mentioned Commission described; and the Clerks are required to pass the same, in the usual Form and Words."
"It is His Majesty's Royal Will, and Pleasure, That this Parliament be prorogued to Thursday the 8th Day of August next, to be then here held: And, by Virtue of His Majesty's Commission for opening and holding the present Parliament and that now read, this Parliament is accordingly prorogued to Thursday the 8th Day of August next."