Journal of the House of Lords: Volume 3, 1620-1628. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1767-1830.
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Anno Primo Caroli Regis.
DIE Sabbati, videlicet, 18 die Junii,
THE King's Majesty being placed in His Royal Throne, the Lords in their Robes, and the Commons present below the Bar, His Majesty commanded Prayers to be said. And, during the Time of Prayers, His Majesty put off His Crown, and kneeled by the Chair of Estate.
"I thank God, that the Business that is to be treated of at this Time, is of such a Nature that it needs no Eloquence for to set it forth; for I am neither able to do it, nor doth it stand with My Nature to spend much Time in Words. It is no new Business (being already happily begun by My Father of Blessed Memory that is with God); therefore it needs no Narrative.
"I hope in God that you will go on to maintain it as freely as you were willing to advise My Father to it. It is true, that it may seem to some that He was too slack to begin so just and so glorious a Work; but it was His Wisdom that made him loth to begin a Work until he might find Means to maintain it; but, after He saw how much He was abused in the Confidence He had in other States, and was confirmed by your Advices to run the Course we are in, with your Engagements to the Maintaining of it; I need not press to prove how willingly He took your Advice; for the Preparations that are made are better able to declare it, than I can speak it; the Assistance of those in Germany, the Fleet that is ready for Action, with the rest of the Preparations, which I have only followed My Father in, do sufficiently prove, that He entered not superficially, but really and heartily, into this Action.
"My Lords and Gentlemen, I hope that you do remember, that you were pleased to employ Me to advise My Father, to break both those Treaties that were then on Foot, so that I cannot say that I came hither a free un-engaged Man. It is true, that I came into this Business willingly, freely, like a young Man, and consequently rashly; but it was by your Intreaties, your Engagements; so that, though it were done like a young Man, yet I cannot repent Me of it: And I think none can blame Me for it, knowing the Love and the Fidelity you have ever borne to your Kings; I having had likewise some little Experience of your Affections. I pray you remember that, this being My first Action, and begun by your Advice and Intreaty, what a great Dishonour it were, both to you and Me, if this Action, so begun, should fail for that Assistance you are able to give Me; yet, knowing the Constancy of your Loves both to Me and this Business, I needed not to have said this, but only to shew what Care and Sense I have of your Honours and Mine own.
"I must intreat you likewise to consider of the Times we are in; how that I must venture your Lives, which I would be loth to do, if I should continue you here long; and you must venture the Business, if you be flow in your Resolutions; wherefore I hope you will take such grave and wise Counsel, as you will expedite what you have now in Hand to do, which will do Me and yourselves an infinite deal of Honour; you, in shewing your Loves to Me; and Me, that I may perfect a Work, which My Father has so happily begun.
"Last of all, because some malicious Men may, and as I hear have given out, that I am not so true a Keeper and Maintainer of the true Religion that I prosess; I assure you, that as I may say with Saint Paul, That I have been bred up at Gamaliel's Feet (although I shall never be so arrogant as to assume to Myself the rest), so I shall so far shew the Effects of it, that all the World may see that no Man hath or shall be ever more desirous to maintain the Religion that I now prosess, that I shall be.
"Now, because I am unfit for much speaking, I mean to bring up the Fashion of My Predecessors, to have My Lord Keeper to speak for Me in most Things; therefore I commanded him to speak something to you at this Time; which is more for Formality than any great Matter he hath to say unto you."
Lord Keeper's Speech.
The Lord Keeper, according to His Majesty's Commandment, declared, "That the King's main Reason of calling the Parliament (besides the looking on the Faces of His Subjects) is, to let them understand the great Engagements for the Recovery of the Palatinate imposed on His Majesty by the late King His Father and by themselves; and that the Two late Treaties with Spaine were broken off by the last Parliament.
"That the many Treaties and Alliances, since the Arms sent into The Low Countries, the Reparations of the Forts, and the Fortifying of Ireland, meet all in one Center, the Palatinate: And that herein are already spent all the Subsidies granted the last Parliament (whereof the Account is ready), and as much more of the Revenues of the Crown."
His Lordship commended Three Circumstances to their Considerations: "First, the Time; all Europe being at this Day as the Pool of Bethesda, the first Stirring of the Waters is to be laid Hold on; wherefore His Majesty desires them to bestow this Meeting on Him, or rather on these Actions; and the next shall be theirs, as long and as soon as they will, for Domestic Business. Secondly, the Supply of this great Action; if Subsidies be thought too long and backward, His Majesty desires to hear, and not to propound the Manner thereof. Thirdly, the Issue of this Action; which so highly concerns the Honour and Reputation of His Majesty, being His First, for which he relies very much upon their Loves, with the greatest Confidence that ever King had in His Subjects; Witness His Royal Poesy, Amor Civium Regiminis Munimentum; and He doubts not, but that, as soon as He shall be known in Europe to be their King, they shall be as soon known to be a loving and loyal Nation to their King."
Commons directed to chuse a Speaker.
Receivers and Triers of Petitions.
Les Receavors des Petitions d'Angleterre, d'Ecoce, et
Messire Randall Chrew, Chr. et Chiefe Justicier.
Messire Johan Dodderidge, Chr. et Justicier.
Messire Jaques Whittlocke, Chr. et Justicier.
Messire Edward Salter, Chr.
Messire Rob'te Rich, Chr.
Messire Henry Hobert, Chr. et Baronet, et Chiefe
Justicier de Banc Comun.
Messire Edward Bromley, Chr. et Baron de Excheq.
Messire Wyll. Jones, Chr. et Justicier.
Messire Charles Cæsar, Chr. et Docteur au Droit Civil.
Messire Peter Mutton, Chr.
Trieurs des Peticions d'Engleterre, d'Escoce, et d'Irelande.
L'Achievesq. de Canterbury.
Le Baron Ley, Grande Tresorier.
Le Vicount Maundevill, President de Councell le Roy.
Le Duc de Buckingham, Grande Admirall d'Engleterrs.
Le Count de Arundell, Grande Marescal.
Le Count de Pembroc, Senesc. du Maison le Roy.
Le Count de North'ton.
Le Count de Warwic.
Le Count de Carlile.
Le Count de Clare.
L'Evesq. de Duresme.
Le Baron Willoughby de Er.
Le Baron Sheffeild.
Le Baron Carew.
Le Count de Worcestre, Gardein de Privie Seale.
Le Count de Essex.
Le Count de Dorsett.
Le Count de Mountgomery.
Le Count de Bridgwater.
Le Count de Leistre.
Le Count de Holland.
L'Evêsq de Londres.
L'Evêsq de Worcestre.
L'Evêsq de Coventree et Lich.
Le Baron Wentworth.
Le Baron Russell.
Le Baron Mountague.
Touts ceux ensemble, ou quatre des Prelats et Seigneurs avantditz, appellants as eux les Serjaunts le Roy et ainsi l'Attourney du Roy, quant serra besoigne, tiendront leur place en chamber du Chamberleyne.