Journal of the House of Lords: Volume 3, 1620-1628. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1767-1830.
This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.
DIE Lunæ, 20 die Junii, post meridiem,
Domini tam Spirituales quam Temporales, quorum nomina subscribuntur, præsentes fuerunt:
Speaker of the House of Commons presented.
Prayers being said (as on the First Day of the Parliament), the Commons were admitted; who presented Sir Thomas Crewe, Knight, Serjeant at Law, for their Speaker; who made his Excuse, as the Manner is: But His Majesty approving their Election, as was declared by the Lord Keeper, he made an cloquent Speech unto His Majesty; wherein, having first protested that he undertook the Office of Speaker in Obedience only to His Majesty, he remembered "the Proceedings of the last most happy Parliament; in which it pleased the late King, of Famous Memory, to ask the Advice of His People; and expressed their Joy that God, who hath the Power of the Hearts of Kings, directed His Majesty (that now is) to proceed in the like Parliamentary Course. That, as a Woman forgets her Sorrow at the Birth of a Man Child, so they, when His Majesty was placed in His Father's Throne. And shewed their Hopes, that, as good King Ezachia was Five and Twenty Years of Age when he began His Reign, and at His first Entrance shewed His Zeal to God and His Care of Religion, so His Majesty, being of the same Age, and having a wise and a great Council, and a faithful People to advise him, will maintain true Religion, and the ancient Laws so much esteemed in all Ages; and their Hopes are the greater, for that His Majesty begins with a Parliament. And remembered His Father's Charge to maintain our Religion; and God's merciful Power to bring His Majesty back out of Danger when He was in a strange Land, and their Sorrow for His then Absence, and exceeding great Joy at His safe Return. And humbly besought His Majesty, that now God had put the Sword into His Hand, he would extend it for Recovery of the Palatinate, so dishonourably gotten and kept by Hostile Arms, which was anciently a Refuge for Religion; and not to suffer those Locusts the Jesuits to eat up the good Fruits of this Land. He acknowledged His Majesty's Stem to be lineally descended from Lucius, the first British King that embraced the Gospel; and concluded with the accustomed Petitions; for Freedom from Arrests during the Parliament, eundo, sedendo, et redeundo; for Freedom of Speech in their Consultations, not doubting but to confine themselves within the Limits of Duty and Modesty; Access unto His Majesty upon all needful Occasions; and a benign Interpretation of all their Actions, and of this his Speech."
Lord Keeper's Answer to the Speaker.
The Lord Keeper, having first Conference with His Majesty, answered to this Effect: videlicet,
That His Majesty hath amply accepted Mr. Speaker's Obedience, though he refused his Sacrifice. And, as the Speaker remembers the last Parliament to be happy, that it was so accounted by our late King, so esteemed of by His Majesty, and so it proved by the Event, wherein the Two Treaties with Spaine were dissolved, and so many Gracious Laws enacted; it became the late King so to close his Government; in which Parliament our King being a principal Actor, He can never forget the Desires of the Commons, nor the Wishes of the Lords.
That His Majesty takes in good Part Mr. Speaker's Observation of the Five Circumstances of His Entrance to the Crown; as, That he began with a Parliament; That he came to us with the Blood of Nobles, being lineally descended from the ancient British Kings; That His Succession sweetened the Loss of His Glorious Father; That God was with Him in the strange Land, and delivered him from thence (even as God was with Moses, so be He always with His Majesty, to which let all say Amen); and lastly, That His Majesty professeth the true Religion, it being the last Blessing His Father gave Him, to have a special Care thereof.
"As Mr. Speaker commends to His Majesty the Laws of this Land, so He recommends the same to the Lawyers, that they study the ancient Laws themselves, and not the Abridgements.
"And whereas you represent unto His Majesty that unjust Acquisition of the Palatinate (the Dishonour of our Nation), no Man can but be sensible of His Majesty's Care for the Recovery thereof, He having given a lively Representation of His Affection to it Himself, the other Day, in this Place; He now hopes that ye, who first drew Him into this Action, will give Him such Supplies as shall enable Him to perform it.
"And as touching the Banishment of those Locusts (the Priests and Jesuits), His Majesty commends that of St. Ambrose, That the poorest Man hath Interest in Religion. Yet He desires you to trust Him with the Manner thereof; and He will be careful to give you good Satisfaction of His Zeal herein.
"And as touching Mr. Speaker's Petitions, for your Privileges, His Majesty grants them all, without any Limits, knowing well that yourselves will punish the Abusers thereof."
Dominus Custos Magni Sigilli ex Jussu Domini Regis, continuavit præsens Parliamentum usque in diem Mercurii, 22m instantis Junii, hora nona.