Journal of the House of Lords: Volume 6, 1643. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1767-1830.
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DIE Jovis, 10 die Augusti.
Finch & al. Leave to travel.
Ordered, That Francis Fynch, with Two Men, the Lady Fynch, Two Daughters, One Nurse, Four Maids, Symon Bennett with Two Men, and Mr. Bayly, Wm. Gibbon, Attendants, and One Groom, shall have a Pass, to travel into any Parts beyond the Seas.
Lady May, a Pass.
Message from the H. C. with Ordinances for Concurrence;
and for a Conference about the Propositions.
Ordinances, &c. from the H. C.
Next, an Ordinance was read, for Payment of (fn. 1) Money to Mr. Estwicke, for Soldiers Coats. (Here enter it.)
E. of Manchester to command in the Six associated Counties;
10,000 Men to be raised there.
Divines to assist the Levies.
Ordered, That the Divines of the Assembly, that are Resiants of those associated Counties, and now attending the Assembly, shall be desired to go down into their several Counties, to stir up the People in those several Counties to rise for their Defence.
Answer to the H. C.
That their Lordships do agree to all the Ordinances now brought up, excepting the Ordinances for Pressing, and the associated Counties; concerning which, their Lordships will send a speedy Answer by Messengers of their own; and that their Lordships will be ready to give [ (fn. 2) a Conference].
Message to them, with Ordinances.
To deliver to them the Ordinances for Pressing, and for ordering the Affairs in the associated Counties, to which their Lordships do concur, with the few Alterations; in which if the House of Commons do concur, their Lordships desire that they may be printed and published.
Mr. Davies, a Pass.
Captain Gore, a Pass.
Wynde & al. Petition, about the Sequestration of St. Ives.
Upon reading the Petition of Wm. Wynde, Wm. Carew, and Wm. Taylor, Inhabitants of St. Ives, in the County of Hunt. wherein they do submit and conform themselves to the Order of this House, for sequestering the Tithes of the said Parish; and they being called in, they were released, upon their Promise of Obedience and Conformity to the Order of this House.
(fn. 3) Ordered, That the Cause of Sir Rob't Devereux shall be heard on Saturday next.
Lowin, a Pass.
Message from the H. C. with Ordinances.
Lady Rich, a Pass.
Estwicke and Player, to provide Cloathing, for the E. of Essex's Army, &c.
"Whereas there is a present Necessity of making Provisions of Coats, Shirts, Shoes, and Snapsacks, not only for the Soldiers of the several Regiments in the Army of his Excellency the Earl of Essex, but likewise for such as shall recruit that Army, as also for such Regiments of Foot as are forthwith to be raised under the Command of Sir William Waller: It is therefore Ordained, by the Lords and Commons, in Parliament assembled, That Stephen Estwicke, Francis Pecke, and Captain Player Senior, be desired forthwith to furnish the said Coats, Shirts, Shoes, and Snapsacks, to the Number of Ten Thousand of each Sort, at the Rate of Sixteen Shillings for each Soldier: And it is further Ordered, by the said Lords and Commons, That the Two Months Weekly Assessment upon the County of Essex be set apart, towards the Payment of the said Provisions of Coats, Shirts, Shoes, and Snapsacks: And it is further Ordained, That Sir Gilbert Gerrard, Treasurer at Wars, shall from Time to Time pay unto the said Stephen Estwicke all such Money as shall come in upon the said Assessment; and the said Sir Gilbert Gerrard shall not suffer any Part thereof to be employed for any other Use."
Order for 10,000 l. to Mr. Estwicke, for Cloaths for Ireland.
"Whereas great Sums of Money have been due unto Stephen Estwicke, from the State, before Christide last, for Coats and other Necessaries for the Army, as appears by several Warrants signed by the Committee of Lords and Commons appointed for the Safety of the Kingdom, as also by an Accompt under the Hand of Henry Broad Auditor, dated the 28th of April last, wherein it appeareth that there remains due unto the said Stephen Estwicke the Sum of Twelve Thousand One Hundred and Sixty-three Pounds, Thirteen Shillings, and Eight Pence; which said Sum was Ordered, by the Committee of the House of Commons for signing of Warrants, to be paid by Sir Gilbert Gerrard Baronet, Treasurer at Wars, unto the said Stephen Estwicke, by One Thousand Pounds a Week, the First Payment to begin upon the 22d of May last, and so to continue Weekly till the whole Sum of Twelve Thousand One Hundred and Sixty-three Pounds, Thirteen Shillings, and Eight Pence, should be fully satisfied and paid, as appears by a Warrant under the Hands of Sir Thomas Barrington, John Pime Esquire, and Cornelius Holland Esquire, dated the 19th of May 1643; notwithstanding which, the said Stephen Estwicke hath not received any Part thereof unto this Day: It is therefore Ordained, by the Lords and Commons in Parliament assembled, That the Treasurers for Money and Plate sitting at Guildhall shall pay, unto the said Stephen Estwicke, the One Moiety of all such Monies that shall be received by virtue of the Assessment of the Twentieth Part of Mens Estates, in the City of London and Liberties, and in the County of Midd. and such other Counties as are not already Ordered for other Uses, until the Sum of Ten Thousand Pounds, Part of the said Debt of Twelve Thousand One Hundred and Sixty-three Pounds, Thirteen Shillings, and Eight Pence, be fully satisfied and paid; and the Committees of Lords and Commons for the Advance of Monies and other Necessaries for the Army, usually sitting at Haberdashers Hall, London, are required diligently to attend that Service, that the getting in of Monies be not retarded or neglected; and that the said Committee do take Care that this Ordinance be duly performed."
Order for 10,000 l. to Sir William Waller.
"It is this Day Ordained, by the Lords and Commons in Parliament, That all the Monies that shall come in upon the Twentieth Part, within the Cities of London and Westm. and the Places adjacent, within Twenty Miles of London, shall be all applied to the Service of Sir William Waller, and of the Forces under his Command, until the Sum of Ten Thousand Pounds be made up; and that those Monies be not issued, upon any Warrant whatsoever, to any other Use; but they be all paid over to Mr. Hodges, Mr. Stephens, and Mr. Ash, who are appointed to return the same to Sir William Waller."
Ordinance for pressing Soldiers, &c.
"Forasmuch as the true Protestant Religion, the Laws and Liberties of the Subject, and the Parliament, are in Danger to be subverted, Idolatry and Tyranny like to be introduced, by the Force and Power of several Armies raised by Pretence of the King's Authority, consisting of Papists, and other dangerous and ill-affected Persons of this Kingdom, and Irish Rebels, and of divers Popish Soldiers, and others of Foreign Kingdoms and Nations, being not under the King's Obedience, for the Ruin and Destruction of this Kingdom, unless the same be prevented by a considerable Power of Forces, to be suddenly raised by both Houses of Parliament; being, with God's Blessing and Assistance, the most probable Way to preserve this Kingdom, our Religion, and Liberty:
"Be it therefore Ordained, by the Lords and Commons assembled in Parliament, and by the Authority of the same, That the Committee of the Militia for the City of London, the Deputy Lieutenants and Committees of Parliament in every County, City, or Place, within this Realm, or any Two or more of them, within their several Limits and Jurisdictions, shall and are hereby authorized, from Time to Time, until other Order be taken by both Houses of Parliament, to raise, levy, and imprest, such Number of Soldiers, Gunners, and Chirurgeons, for the Defence of the King, Parliament, and Kingdom, as shall be appointed by both Houses of Parliament, (fn. 4) or by my Lord General; and to command all Constables, and other Officers, to be aiding and assisting to them in the said Service of Impresting; all which Persons, so to be imprested, and every of them, shall have such Imprest-money, Coat and Conduct-money, Wages, and Entertainment, and other necessary Charges and Allowances, as shall be fit and convenient, according to the Discretion of the Committees and Deputy Lieutenants, or any Two or more of them respectively; and if any Person or Persons shall wilfully refuse so to be imprested for the said Service, that then it shall and may be lawful to and for the said Persons, so authorized as aforesaid, to commit them to Prison, until they shall yield Obedience, or pay the Sum of Ten Pounds to the said Committees or Deputy Lieutenants, to be employed for the Supply of the said Service.
"Provided always, That this Ordinance shall not extend to the pressing of any Clergyman, Scholar, or Student, in any the Universities, Inns of Court or Chancery, or Houses of Law; or any the Trained Bands in any County, City, or Place; or of any Person rated in the last Subsidies granted by the Par liament; or the Son of any Person rated at Five Pounds Goods, or Three Pounds Lands, in the Subsidy-books, or of any Person of the Rank or Degree of an Esquire or upwards, or the Son of any such Person, or the Son of the Widow of any such Person; or to the pressing of any Person under the Age of Eighteen, or above the Age of Fifty; or of the Members or Officers of either House of Parliament, or of the menial Servants of the Members or Officers of either of the said Houses, or any the Assistants of the Lords House, or any of their menial Servants; or any the Inhabitants of the Isles of Weight or Anglesey, or Cinque Ports; or of any Mariner, Seamen, or Fishermen."
Committees for managing the Affairs of the associated Counties.
"The Lords and Commons assembled in Parliament taking into their serious Consideration the great Danger of the Protestant Religion, and the Advancement of Popery, by a Popish Army, and the daily Rapines, Pillagings, Burnings, and Spoilings, of His Majesty's good Subjects, in many Parts of this Kingdom, by several Armies of Horse and Foot raised, consisting for the most Part of bloody-minded Papists, Irish Rebels, Atheists, Foreigners, and of the Prelatical Party; and especially seeing that the Earl of Newcastle, with his whole Army, since the late Surrendering of Gainsborough unto him, is marching towards, and ready to fall upon, the associated Counties of Norfolke, Suffolke, Essex, Cambridge, Hertford, and Huntingdon; therefore the said Lords and Commons have thought it most necessary, and do hereby Ordain, nominate, and appoint, Sir John Hobart Knight and Baronet, Sir John Palgrave Knight and Baronet, Sir Miles Hobart, Sir Thomas Hoogan, Sir Thomas Gaudy, Sir Isaac Ashley, Sir Edward Ashley, Knights, Thomas Windham, John Spilman, John Cooke, Gregory Goulsall, Francis Jermy, Robert Woods, Robert Wilton, Wm. Cooke, Thomas Weight, Martin Sidley, Thomas Southerton, John Brewster, and Thomas Russell of Basham, Esquires, for the said County of Norffolke; Sir Edmund Bacon, Sir Wm. Spring, Knights and Baronets, Sir Thomas Barnardiston Knight, Sir William Soame, Theophilus Vaughan, Maurice Barrow, Thomas Baker, Nathaniell Bacon of Friston, Nathaniell Bacon of Ipswich, Robert Brewster, Francis Bacon, Edmund Harvey, Isaac Appleton, Thomas Tirrell of Gipping, James Hobart, Gibson Lucas, Thomas Cole of Haverill, Wm. Bloyse, and Wm. Lawrence, Esquires, for the said County of Suffolke; Sir Thomas Honywood, Sir William Roe, Sir Henry Holcroft, Sir Richard Everard, Knights, John Sayer, Arthur Barnardiston, John Weight, Richard Harlarkinden, Edward Palmer, Tymothy Middleton, Deane Tindall, William Humfrevile, John Eldred, John Eliston of Gesthorp, Robert Galthorp, William Atwood of Weightbridge, John Atwood of Mushwaltham, Esquires, Read Doctor of Physic, John Young and John Sorrell, Gentlemen, for the said County of Essex; Sir John Cutt, Sir Thomas Martin Knight, Oliver Crumwell, Francis Russell, Thomas Cooke, Wm. March, James Tompson, Thomas Duckett, Robert Castle, Robert Clerke, Edward Clench, Dudly Pope, Thomas Bendish, John Welbore, Richard Foxton, Esquires, and Samuell Spalding Gentleman, for the said County of Cambridge; Sir John Garrett Baronet, Sir John Witteroung Knight, Sir John Read Baronet, John Hayden, Raph Freeman, William Leaman, Will'm Priestly, Gabriell Barbar of Hertford, John Robotham, Henry Mewtis, Raph Pemberton, Captain Richard Porter, Adam Washington, John Scrogs, Alexander Wild, Thomas Tooke, John King, Esquires, for the said County of Hertford; Sir Miles Sandys Junior, Knight, John Hubart, Humberston March, Esquires, and Thomas Castle Gentleman, for the said Isle of Ely; John Thacker Mayor, Adrian Parmiter, John Tooly, Edmund Burnam, Matthew Peckover, Henry Watts, Matthew Lindsey, William Symonds Alderman of the City of Norwich, John Greenwood Sheriff of the same, Samuell Smith Esquire, for the said County of the City of Norwich; Onslow Winch, Torrell Jocelyne, Oliver Crumwell, Thomas Templer, John Castle, Abraham Burwell, and Edward Mountague, Esquires, Robert Vinter, Robert Harvey, and Garvall Fulwood, Gentlemen, for the said County of Huntingdon; or any Seven or more of them, Three whereof to be Deputy Lieutenants, and the whole Seven to consist of One out of every the said Counties respectively, and One out of the City of Norwich, to be a standing and constant Committee, who shall have Power to order the Affairs of the said associated Counties, according to their Instructions hereafter specified.
"And for the better effecting of the Premises, the said Committee, or any Seven or more of them as aforesaid, shall be resident at Cambridge, or at some other of the Frontier Towns of the Association, or some other convenient Place within the said Counties; and shall have Power to adjourn themselves from Time to Time, and from Place to Place, as they shall think fitting: And the said Lords and Commons in Parliament do hereby nominate and command Thomas Sotherton and Martin Sidley Esquires, for the County of Norfolke; Edmund Harvey and Thomas Cole Esquires, for the County of Suffolke; Sir Wm. Roe Knight, and Tymothy Middleton Esquire, for the County of Essex; Thomas Duckett and Thomas Castle Esquires, for the County of Cambridge; Henry Mewtis and Ralph Freeman Esquires, for the County of Hertford; Onslow Winch and Abraham Burwell Esquires, for the County of Huntingdon; and Samuell Smith Esquire, for the County of the City of Norwich; presently to attend this Service; and after they (or more of the said Commissioners) shall have sat Fourteen Days, then the minor Half of the said Committee to be free; and they to send for so many others, in their Stead, out of every the said respective Counties, and City of Norwich, and the major Half there still to remain other Fourteen Days; and then they also are free, and they then to send for Seven others, One out of every the said Counties, and City of Norwich, as aforesaid; and to change the Committee by Half at once successively, during these Troubles, or till further Order be taken; giving Notice from Time to Time, to them which are to succeed, the Six Days before they are to make their Appearance at the appointed Place; also, if Seven or more of the Commissioners before named shall be present in this Service, Three whereof, or more, to be Deputy Lieutenants of the several and respective Counties, the whole Number shall have Power to vote, and the major Part to rule the Vote."
Instructions for the Committees of the associated Counties.
"Imprimis, That the said First Committee so appointed as aforesaid, and all other the said Commissioners beforenamed, are hereby strictly required to make their Appearance, according to the Manner of the Appointment by this present Ordinance; and, in these Times of imminent Danger, to use all Diligence to promote the Service they are intrusted withall.
"2. That they have a special Care, that all the Frontiers, and the Isle of Ely, be supplied with fitting Forces, to resist all sudden Surprizes or Invasions; and shall from Time to Time send out Scouts, to discover how and in what Manner any Enemy approacheth near to the Frontiers, that thereby they may have and give timely Notice of any approaching Danger; and this to be done at the general Charge of the Association.
"3. That the said Committee shall order and dispose of all the associated Forces sent to them by the said Counties, in such Sort and Manner as they shall think fit and best for the Safety of the said associated Counties; and if, at any Time, they shall find Occasion of more Forces fit to be raised by the associated Counties, they shall give Notice thereof to the Deputy Lieutenants, that fitting Supplies may be made thereof, and that every County may see their Forces paid.
"4. That all Forces raised before this Ordinance, in the associated Counties, shall be paid their Arrears, if any be unpaid, by Money raised out of the Six associated Counties, and City of Norwich, according to their Proportions.
"5. That the said Committee shall take a special Care, that an Accomptant be appointed, to register all the Warrants and Directions of the said Committee; and that they require the said Accomptant, or Register, to make and keep a perfect Accompt how all Monies are paid in thereby, (fn. 5) in any of the associated Counties, and how the same be issued out, and shall give them such reasonable Allowance for their Pains.
"6. That they have a special Care, that no Stranger shall come in, or inhabit within, the Town of Cambridge, or the Isle of Ely, without the Approbation of the said Committee, upon Certificate of his or their good Affections to the King and Parliament; and also that they bring a Certificate, under Four of the Deputy Lieutenants Hands of the County from whence they come.
"7. That all Soldiers that run away shall be remanded back to the Colours, or sent to the Gaol; and all those that harbour (fn. 5) them are to be fined and imprisoned, they knowing them to be run away, and to be further punished as my Lord General and the Deputy Lieutenants of their respective Counties, or any Two of them, shall think fit, the Fine not exceeding Five Pounds every Offence.
"8. That the Commissioners for Sequestration, in the aforesaid Counties respectively, do presently execute the Ordinances of Parliament, for Sequestrations; or else to be certified by the said Committee to the Houses of Parliament, to be proceeded against for their Neglect; and the said Committee shall have Power to put in Execution all Ordinances of Parliament, where there is any Neglect.
"9. That every Member of the House of Commons, and the Governors of Cambridge that are Inhabitants of the Six Counties of Norfolke, Suffolke, Essex, Hertford, Huntingdon, and Cambridge, and of the City of Norwich, shall be of the said Committee."