BHO

Appendix: poor laws, Index to the principal matters detailed in the evidence

Pages 676-703

Journal of the House of Lords: Volume 63, 1830-1831. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, [n.d.].

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Index to the Principal Matters detailed in the Evidence.

General Heads. Names of Witnesses, and Page of Evidence in Printed Report.
A.
Abington, Great and Little, Acreage of, Population, Poor Rates, &c. Pym, 408. 409.
- Pigotts, Acreage of, Population, Poor Rates, &c. Pym, 398. 399.
Abstract of Answers to Questions transmitted to each Parish in the County of Cambridge, relative to the State of the Poor, Pym, 398 to 415.
Acre of Land, Expence of ploughing, Becher, 323.
Acreage of Abington, Great, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Abington, Little, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Abington Pigotts, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Alford, Dawson, 257.
- of Arrington, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Ashley, Pym, 414. 415.
- of Babraham, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Balsam, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Bardney, Foulis, 90.
- of Barrington, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Bartlow, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Barton, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Bassingbourn, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Bathley, Becher, 322.
- of Bedfont, Sherborn, 108.
- of Benenden, Hodges, 23.
- of Boro' Green, Pym, 414. 415.
- of Bottisham, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Bourn, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Boxworth, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Brinkley, Pym, 414. 415.
- of Burwell, Pym, 412. 413.
- of Byfield, Wetherell, 52.
- of Caldecot, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Cambridgeshire, Pym, 387.
- of Carlton, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Castle Camps, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Caxton, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Cherry Hinton, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Chesterton, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Childerley, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Cheveley, Pym, 414. 415.
- of Chippenham, Pym, 412. 413.
- of Comberton, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Connington, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Cookham, Whateley, 227.
- of Coton, Pym, 386.
- of Cottenham, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Cranfield, Beard, 3.
- of Croxton, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Croydon cum Clapton, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Dry Drayton, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Dullingham, Pym, 414. 415.
- of Duxford, Pym, 410. 411.
- of East Hatley, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Elsworth, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Elstow, Becher, 304. 305.
- of Eltisley, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Eversden, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Eversden, Little, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Farnhurst, Cameron, 130.
Acreage of Fen Ditton, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Fen Drayton, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Flitwick, Becher, 304. 305.
- of Fordham, Pym, 412. 413.
- of Foulmire, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Foxton, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Fulbourn, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Gamlingay, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Girton, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Goring, Simeon, 359.
- of Gransden, Little, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Grantchester, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Graveley, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Guilden Morden, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Hardwicke, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Harlton, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Harston, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Haslingfield, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Hatfield, Faithful, 339.
- of Hatley St. George, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Hauxton, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Hildersham, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Hinxton, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Histon, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Hoggeston, Earl Stanhope, 269.
- of Horningsea, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Horseheath, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Houghton Conquest, Becher, 304. 305.
- of Ickleton, Pym, 412. 413.
- of Impington, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Isleham, Pym, 412. 413.
- of Kempston, Becher, 304. 305.
- of Kennett, Pym, 412. 413.
- of Kingston, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Kirk Newton, Grey, 175. 180.
- of Kirtling, Pym, 414. 415.
- of Knapwell, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Kneesworth, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Landwade, Pym, 412. 413.
- of Lenham, Harrison, 116.
- of Lidlington, Becher, 304. 305.
- of Linton, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Lolworth, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Longstanton All Saints, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Longstanton St. Michael, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Longstow, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Maidingly, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Malmesbury, Pollen, 63.
- of Marston, Beard, 4.
- of Marstone Mortaine, Becher, 304. 305.
- of Maulden, Becher, 304. 305.
- of Melbourn, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Meldreth, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Midhurst, Wardroper, 127.
- of Millbrook, Becher, 304. 305.
- of Milton, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Newton, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Oakington, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Ollerton, Becher, 322.
- of Ompton, Becher, 322.
- of Orwell, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Ossington, Becher, 322.
Acreage of Over, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Pampisford, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Papworth Agnes, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Papworth Everard, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Rampton, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Ridgmount, Becher, 304. 305.
- of Royston, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Sawston, Pym, 412. 413.
- of Shelford, Great, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Shelford, Little, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Shepreth, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Shingay, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Shipley, Holloway, 38.
- of Shipton Moyne, Estcourt, 372.
- of Shuday Camps, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Sleppingley, Becher, 304. 305.
- of Snailwell, Pym, 412. 413.
- of Soham, Pym, 414. 415.
- of Sompting, Turner, 113.
- of Southwell, Becher, 305.
- of Stapleford, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Steeple Morden, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Stretchworth, Pym, 414. 415.
- of Stow cum Quy, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Swaffham Bulbeck, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Swaffham Prior, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Swavesey, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Tadlow, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Thriplow, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Thurgaton, Becher, 292.
- of Toft, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Trumpington, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Wargrave, Ximenes, 431.
- of Waterbeach, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Wells, Bp. Bath & Wells, 224.
- of Wendy, Pym, 398. 399.
- of West Wratting, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Westley, Pym, 414. 415.
- of Weston, Wells, 139.
- of Weston Colville, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Whaddon, Pym, 398. 399.
- of White Waltham, Whateley, 245.
- of Whittlesford, Pym, 412. 413.
- of Wicken, Pym, 414. 415.
- of Wilbraham, Great, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Wilbraham, Little, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Willingham, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Wimpole, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Woodditton, Pym, 414. 415.
- of Wragby, Foulis, 91.
Acres, Number of, to able-bodied Labourers in Rodbornstoke and Southwell, Becher, 303.
Acts proposed. (See Highways-General Inclosure - General Exchanges of Land -Tenements.) Act 43 Eliz., for Relief of the Poor, Becher, 286.
- for inclosing Land in Broad Somerford-Extract from, Demainbray, 31.
- for Select Vestries, (Sturges Bourne's,) Becher, 335.
- for Relief of the Poor, (Sturges Bourne's,) Becher, 328.
- for Union of Parishes in Sussex, (Gilbert's,) Wells,
Becher,
139. 145 to 152.
321. 329.
Agricultural Produce, Reduction of Prices of, the Cause of Want of Employment of Labourers, Partington, 88.
Agricultural Families, Colquhoun's Assumption of the Number of, who subsist by Wages of Labour, Becher, 300. 301.
Agricultural Distress, Uncultivation of Land is one Cause of, Bacon, 168.
- Taxation not the Cause of, Bacon, 168.
Agricultural Improvements only extend One Mile per Annum, Bacon, 185.
Agricultural Property deteriorated in Value, Dawson, 265.
Agricultural Classes, Moral Degradation of, has arisen from the Separation of the Farmers from their Servants, to avoid Settlements, Bacon, 185. 186.
Agricultural Labour and Price of Wheat, Proportions between, from 1742 to 1829, Becher, 331. 332.
Agriculturalists, Number of, out of Employ in 1812, according to Colquhoun, Bacon, 162.
Agriculture is getting worse, and Country is going out of Cultivation, Hodges, 23.
- since 1816 has not given that Remuneration to the Employment of Capital which other Professions have received, Bacon, 155.
Alford, Acres of Land in, Dawson, 257.
- Agricultural Property deteriorated in Value, Dawson, 265.
Alford, Bastardy Laws, former and present, improved Administration of them in the Parish of, Dawson, 265.
- - how Marriages affected by them, Dawson, 265.
- Boon Master, what, Dawson, 265.
- Children of Labourers how provided for from Parish Rates, Dawson, 257.
- Coals, Price of, in, Dawson, 262.
- Cottages, Rent of, in, Dawson, 259.
- - provided by Parish of, Dawson, 259.
- - to whom belong, Dawson, 259.
- - few have Gardens in, Dawson, 259. 264.
- Drainage of Land, Want of, causes Rot in Sheep, Dawson, 265.
- Emigration of Labourers from, to New York, and Expences of it - their Resources at starting small - Reports of its Success satisfactory, Dawson, 260. 261.
- increased Size of Farms, with Diminution of Cottages, great Cause of Distress of Labourers, Dawson, 263.
- Fuel used by Poor in, Dawson, 262.
- how far the Influx of Irish Labourers interferes with the Earnings of the Parish Labourers, Dawson, 266. 267.
- Labourers, able-bodied, receive Assistance in an indirect Way from Parish, Dawson, 258.
- - married and single, no Distinction between, as to Wages, except when employed by the Parish, Dawson, 258.
- - Number of, out of Employ, Dawson, 259.
- - not more than sufficient to cultivate the Soil, Dawson, 261.
- - good, not anxious to emigrate, Dawson, 262.
- Labourers and Farm Servants, how hired, to prevent gaining Settlements, Dawson, 263. 264.
- Labourers out of Employ put on Roads and break Stones, Dawson, 265.
- - how affected by Employment of Irish Labourers, Dawson, 266.
- - their Opinion of the Employment of Irish Labourers, Dawson, 266.
- Land, Rood of, Rent and Produce of, Dawson, 266.
- Mowing, Wages paid for, Dawson, 266.
- Poor, Condition of, improved by Spade Labour, Dawson, 263.
- Poor Rates in, formerly and at present, Dawson, 257.
- Population of, Dawson, 257.
- Potatoes, Price of, in, Dawson, 261.
- Road Work, Wages paid for, Dawson, 259.
- Servants in Farms, Number of, decreased in Lincolnshire, and Disadvantages of this, Dawson, 264.
- Spade Labour, Lands used for, how rented - pay Tithes, but no Rates, Dawson, 260.
- - beneficial to Poor, and Poor Rates reduced thereby, Dawson, 260.
- - Regulations for Management of it - and the Produce, Dawson, 260.
- Wages of Labour, Allowances indirectly from the Parish Rates in aid of, Dawson, 258.
- - paid for Road Work, Dawson, 259.
- - paid for mowing, Dawson, 266.
- - and Mechanics, in America, paid to Emigrants from, Dawson, 261.
Allcannings, Number of Persons relieved in, Slaney, 202.
Allotments of Land, Quantity of, sufficient to maintain a Labourer and Family, Chapman, 425. 426.
(See Cottages with Gardens - Gardens - Spade Labour.)
- to Poor,
Demainbray,
Wetherell,
Pollen,
Partington,
Foulis,
Wells,
Grey,
Slaney,
Bp.Bath&Wells,
Dawson,
EarlStanhope,
Becher,
Estcourt,
Pym,
Chapman,
31. 32. 34. 37.
51. 54. 56to59.
64. 66.
81.
91. 92.
142.
177.
190.
222.
260. 263.
267. 268.
289.
282. 368. 369.
386. 392.
422. 425. 426.
Alverton, Poor Rates, Increase and Decrease of - Rental - Agricultural Families, Becher, 322.
Ambersham, only Two Paupers unemployed in, Cameron, 137.
(See Synopsis of Redbornstoke.)
Ampthill, Number of Acres in, Becher, 304 to 305.
- Labourers are employed by Parish at Road Work, Becher, 304. 305.
- Labourers, able-bodied, Rate of Relief to, by Parish, Becher, 304. 305.
- - single, Rate of Relief to, by Parish, Becher, 304. 305.
- - married, Rate of Relief to, by Parish, Becher, 304. 305.
- Poor, Sum expended for the Maintenance of, for the last Three Years, Becher, 304. 305.
- Poor Rates, Average of, for Ten Years, to 1827, Becher, 304. 305.
- - Number of Payers to, Becher, 304. 305.
- - Annual Amount of, per Acre, Becher, 304. 305.
- Population of, Becher, 304. 305.
- Wages of Labour paid to ablebodied Pauper Labourers, Becher, 304. 305.
- Workhouse in, Becher, 304. 305.
Ancient Cottages. (See Cottages.)
Anti-Pauper System, successful Trial of, in Essex, Berks and Gloucestershire, Becher, 301. 302.
- decreases Crime and increases Order and Industry, Becher, 302.
- Details of, Becher, 287 to 291.
- Effects of, on Comforts of the Poor, Becher, 288 to 293.
- prevents Necessity of Parochial Aid in Payment of Wages of Labour, Becher, 295.
- reduces Poor Rates, Becher, 283.
Appeals against Poor Rates not diminished, Partington, 90.
Arable Land in Benenden converted into Pasture, Hodges, 23.
- in Cranfield, now in as high a State of Cultivation as Ten Years back, Beard, 7.
Arrington, Acreage of, Poor Rates, &c. Pym, 400. 401.
Artificers, distressed, in Nottinghamshire, Subscription of 6,000£. to relieve - successful Exertions to support themselves, Becher, 312.
Ashington, Labourers in, how employed, Wells, 142.
- Population of, in 1821, Slaney, 202.
- Number of Persons relieved by Poor Rates, Slaney, 202.
Ashley, Acres of Land in-Poor Rates, &c. Pym, 414. 415.
- Population of, Estcourt, 368.
Ashurst, Number of Persons relieved by Poor Rates in, Slaney, 202.
Assembly, illegal, of Labourers, Hodges,
Pollen,
Partington,
Barton,
16. 17. 22.
66.
82.
255.
Assessment in Byfield is in proportion to Real Value of Land, Wetherell, 53.
Aston Clinton, Number of Persons relieved by Poor Rates in, Slaney, 203.
Averham, Agricultural Families in, in 1821, Becher, 322.
- Poor Rates in, for Three Years ending 1823, Becher, 322.
- - Expences for Year ending 25th March 1830 Becher, 322.
- - Increase, Becher, 322.
- - Decrease, Becher, 322.
- Population of, in 1821, Becher, 322.
- Rental of, in 1815, Becher, 322.
B.
Babraham, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 408. 409.
Bacon's proposed Remedy for the Distress of the Labourers, Bacon, 157 to 170.
Balderton, Rate of Labour per Acre at, Becher, 298.
Balsham, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 410. 411.
Bampton, Number of Persons in, relieved by Poor Rates, Slaney, 203.
Banks for Savings. (See Savings Banks.)
- Number of, broke in 1816, Estcourt, 371.
Banks, Sunday, in Hatfield, Interest in, and how paid - Moral Effects of, Faithful, 349 to 351.
Barcombe, Spade Labour in, to employ surplus Labourers, Partington, 78.
Bardney, Acres of Land in, Foulis, 90.
- Assistant Overseer in, Foulis, 93.
- Cottage Rent paid out of Poor Rates, Foulis, 93.
- Rents of Cottages in, Foulis, 93.
- Poor Rates in, Foulis, 91.
- Population of, Foulis, 90. 91.
- Roundsmen, Number of, in, Foulis, 95.
- Select Vestry in, Foulis, 93.
- Wages, Rates of, in, Foulis, 91.
- Wages of Labour paid out of Poor Rates, Foulis, 90.
- Workhouse, Foulis, 93. 94.
Barley thrashed by a Machine is not so valuable as if thrashed by Hand, Foulis, 97.
Barnes Common, Land on, fit for Cultivation, Chapman, 420.
Barrington,
Bartlow,
Barton, relative to State of Poor in,
Pym 400. 401.
408. 409.
400. 401.
Barton's Book on the Condition of the Labouring Classes, Becher, 330. 331.
Baschurch, Number of Persons relieved by Poor Rates in, Slaney, 203.
Bassingbourn, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 398. 399.
Bastard Children, few in Scotland, Pym, 390.
Bastardy Laws, Orders of, should be enforced, Becher, 290.
- Effects of, on Morals of the People, Becher, 328.
- Evils of, and proposed Amendment of, to make the Mother support the Child, Simeon,
Estcourt,
Pym,
361. 362. 367.
380. 381.
384. 389. 390.
- Effects of the Charge of the Child being on the Father, Estcourt, 380. 381.
- want Revision, Slaney,
Dawson,
Becher,
Pym,
200.
265.
328.
384. 389. 390.
- Marriages, how affected by Dawson, 265.
- if done away with, would prevent Infanticide, and Women would have more Regard for their Character, Pym, 389.
Bathley, Agricultural Families in, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Bear Lane Workhouse, and Rate at which Poor are farmed in, Chick, 73.
(See Anti-pauper System.)
Becher's Book-keeping for Savings Banks, Becher, 336.
- Constitution of Friendly Societies, Becher, 336.
- Parish Book-keeping, Becher, 336.
- Plan for Friendly Societies, Wetherell, 56.
- Tabular Statement of the comparative Ability of the several Counties of England to support their Poor, Becher, 314 to 319.
Bedfont, Acres of Land in, Sherborn, 108.
- Clothing of Labourers, Reduction in Price of, Sherborn, 110. 112.
- Cottages and Gardens, Rent of, Sherborn, 109.
- Fire at, and good Disposition of Labourers, Sherborn, 111.
- Hounslow Heath, Inclosure of, has occasioned Employ of more Labourers, Sherborn, 110.
- Labourers and Horses, Number of, employed per 100 Acres of Arable Land, Sherborn, 112.
- Labourers, paying them out of Poor Rates, a bad Principle, Sherborn, 110.
- - none out of Employ in, Sherborn, 108.
- - Condition of, good, from not being put on Poor Rates, or working on Roads, Sherborn, 111.
- Land, Tithe-free, Value of, in, Sherborn, 110.
- Manure from London, Facilities and Advantages of, Sherborn, 110 to 112.
- Necessaries of Life, Reduction in Price of, Sherborn, 110. 112.
- Poor Rates, Amount of, in last Four Years, Sherborn, 108.
- Population, Sherborn, 108. 110.
- Potatoes and Corn sold to Labourers at reduced Prices by Farmers, Sherborn, 109.
- Thrashing Machines in, Sherborn, 109.
- - use of them how far and in what Respects advantageous, Sherborn, 111.
- - One burnt at, Sherborn, 111.
- - Corn is thrashed cleaner with, than by Hand, Sherborn, 111.
- - do not save Expence, Sherborn, 111.
- Wages of Labour, Sherborn, 109.
- - Rate of, from 1811 to 1830, as compared with Prices of Wheat, Sherborn, 109. 112.
- - of Women, Sherborn, 109.
- - of Children, Sherborn, 109.
- Wheat, Price of, per Quarter, from 1811 to 1830, Sherborn, 109. 112.
Bedfordshire, much improved in Agriculture, in consequence of cheap Labour, Beard, 9.
- Labourers Wages in, and their Increase, Beard, 6. 7.
Beer Bill, affords no Relief, and its bad Effects, Spooner, 209.
Beer Shops, under new Act, their Effects on the Morals and Habits of the Poor, Wells,
Spooner,
Faithful,
Ximenes,
153.
209.
353.
433.
Beer Shops complained of, by Wives of Men, and Farmers, Faithful, 353. 354.
Beethom, Number of Persons relieved by Poor Rates in, Slaney, 203.
Benefit Club, at Cookham, Whateley, 239.
- at Tetbury, Estcourt, 372.
Benefit Societies are founded on defective Principles, Pym, 386.
- Advantages of, Simeon, 358.
Benenden, Acres of Land in, Hodges, 23. 27.
- Arable Land in, converted into Pasture, Hodges, 23.
- Bread Money Table discontinued in, Hodges, 19.
- Cottages with Garden, Expence of building, and Rent of them, Hodges, 17. 19. 20.
- - Increase in Number of, from what Causes, Hodges, 26.
- - proposed Mode of rating, Hodges, 19. 20. 25.
- - Rents, formerly paid out of Poor Rates, but this discontinued, Hodges, 17.
- - Rents, Increase of, from 1793 to 1830, Hodges, 26.
- Emigration from, with Details of the Measure, the Expences and Accounts, Hodges, 14 to 16. 21.
- Farmers, State of, in, Hodges, 22. 23.
- Farms thrown on the Landlords Hands in, Hodges, 23.
- - Size of, in Weald of Kent, Hodges, 26.
- Harvest, Wages paid for, in, Hodges, 18.
- Labour, State of, in, in consequence of illegal Assemblies of the People, Hodges, 22.
- - Surplus of, owing to Difficulties of Occupiers of Land, Hodges, 23.
- - Superabundance of, in, Hodges, 28.
- Labourers, Food of, in, Hodges, 21.
- - when out of Employ, are put on Poor Rates and employed, Hodges, 26.
- - State of, in the Weald of Kent, now and Ten or Twelve Years ago, Hodges, 14. 20.
- - Causes of their not residing with Farmers, as formerly, Hodges, 26. 27.
- - few out of Employ in, Hodges, 18.
- - Wages of, Reduction of, Hodges, 21.
- - Wages of, cannot be continued if Rent of Land given up, Hodges, 27.
- - Wages, Rate of, Hodges, 16 to 18. 24.
- - Wages, Parish Allowance in aid of, since 1793, Hodges, 24. 25. 29.
- - Price of Articles purchased by, has been reduced in last Twelve Years, Hodges, 21.
- - illegal Assembly at, Hodges, 16. 17.
- - Boys prevented from learning Farming Business by being employed on the Roads, Hodges, 18.
- Paupers non-resident in, not relieved out of Poor Rates, Hodges, 17.
- Poor Rates, Amount of, in 1825, in, Hodges, 19.
- - and Rent, paid with Difficulty in, Hodges, 27.
- Population of, in 1801, 1811 and 1821, Hodges, 22. 28.
- Rent of Land in, Reduction of 40 per Cent. in Twelve Years, Hodges, 20.
- Rent of Land in, Facility of collecting, as compared with the last Twelve Years, Hodges, 20.
- Rental of, Hodges, 19. 27. 29.
- Roads, Employment of Labourers on, in, Hodges, 17. 18.
- Spade Husbandry in, Hodges, 17.
- Valuation of, when taken, Hodges, 29.
- Women, Employment of, Hodges, 19. 21.
- Wood Land, Proportion it bears to Arable and Pasture in, Hodges, 27.
Berks, Anti-Pauper System tried with Success in, Becher, 301. 302.
- Poor Rates in, from 1813 to 1829, Whateley, 230.
- Poor, Weekly Income of, as it should be, as settled by Magistrates, Becher, 321.
- Riots in, Simeon, 363.
- Wages of Labourer paid out of Poor Rates, Becher, 282. 283.
Berry Pomeroy, Mal-administration of Poor Laws in, Walker, 102.
Bill to amend Act for renting Tenements by Weyland, Becher, 326.
- to prevent Abuses of the Poor Laws, Slaney, 200.
- for better rating Tenements, Slaney, 195. 201.
Bishops Cannings, Population of, Estcourt, 368.
- Spade Labour, Success of, in, Estcourt, 367.
Boon Master, what, Dawson, 265.
Boro' Green, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 414. 415.
Bottisham, 402. 403.
Boughton, Agricultural Families in, and Rental, Becher, 322.
Bourn, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 406. 407.
Bourn, Sturges, his Select Vestry Act, Becher, 335.
- Act for Relief of the Poor, Becher, 328.
Boys, injurious System of employing them on the Roads, Hodges, 18.
- Wages of, in North, Grey, 172.
Boxworth, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 404. 405.
Bread, Price of, at Hamsey, Sussex, Partington, 81.
Bread Money, Table of, discontinued in Benenden, Hodges, 19.
- System of, abolished, Simeon, 357.
Bread, in the North, made of Barley and Pease, Grey, 179.
Brede, Number of Persons relieved by Poor Rates in, Slaney, 202.
Brinkley, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 414. 415.
Broad Somerford, Cottage building, Demainbray, 36.
- Cottagers generally able and willing to pay their Rates, Demainbray, 33.
- - not under Restrictions as to Mode of Cultivation of their Land, Demainbray, 33.
- - having large Allotments of Land, unable to do other Work, Demainbray, 34.
- - with Two Children can maintain themselves on 7s. per Week with a little Land, Demainbray, 36.
- - generally grow Potatoes and Wheat, Demainbray, 36.
- - Land let to, is an Advantage to their Children, Demainbray, 36.
- Farm rented at 60£. reduced to 30£. and afterwards let to Cottagers in small Lots for Spade Husbandary at 80£. Demainbray, 33.
- Labour, Foreign, no Influx of, in, Demainbray, 38.
- Labourers unemployed in, how employed by the Parish, Demainbray, 34. 35.
- - more than can find Employment, Demainbray, 36.
- Lace-making there formerly, not now, being superseded by Urling's Lace, Demainbray, 38.
- Land, Rent of, Variations in, Demainbray, 37.
- - vested in Rector and Churchwardens to be allotted to Cottages, under Inclosure Act in 1806 - beneficial Effects of this, Demainbray, 31 to 34.
- - how far it makes Labourers independent of other Labour, and of Parish Relief, Demainbray, 34.
- - given up by Farmer, and let to Poor, and Success of this, Demainbray, 32. 33.
- - allotted to Poor, how managed -SpadeHusbandry, Demainbray, 35.
- - held by Cottager, well cultivated, Demainbray, 32.
- - let to the Poor by Farmers, Demainbray, 35.
- - let to Cottager, is an Advantage to their Children, Demainbray, 36.
- Poorhouse in, Demainbray, 38.
- Poor Rates, Persons withdrawn from being a Burthen on them, by having Allotments of Land, in some instances, not in many, Demainbray, 34.
- Population of, Demainbray, 36.
- Rates on Land let to Cottagers paid by Landlords, Demainbray, 32.
- Spade Husbandry on Two Acres does not make Labourer independent of other Labour, Demainbray, 35.
- Account of Spade Husbandry on an Acre of Ground, and Produce of it, Demainbray, 123 to 127.
- Urling's Lace supersedes Lacemaking by Women and Children, Demainbray, 38.
- Wages, Rate of, insufficient, and Allowances in aid of, from Parish Rates, Demainbray, 34. 35. 37.
- - Advance in, Demainbray, 35.
Bromley, Payments to Poor in, Walker, 103.
Buckinghamshire, Land for Spade Labour, how granted, in, Earl Stanhope, 269.
Budby, Agricultural Families in, and Rental of Becher, 322.
(See Bedfont.)
Burnings in Lincolnshire, Yorkshire, Derbyshire, and Leicestershire, Becher, 292.
Burke, his Observations on Scarcity, Becher, 283.
Burton in Kendal, Number of Persons relieved out of Rates, Slaney, 203.
Burwell, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 412. 413.
Byfield, Acres of Land in, Wetherell, 52.
- Assessment in, Proportion it bears to real Value of Land, Wetherell, 53.
- Coals, Cost of, at, Wetherell, 60.
- Cottages, to whom they belong, Wetherell, 59.
- Cottages and Gardens, Rent of, Wetherell, 56. 59.
- Farmers in, their Reluctance to employ Labourers who have Plots of Ground, Wetherell, 55.
- Head-money seldom wanted by Labourers who have Garden Plots, Wetherell, 52.
- Labour Rate, Attempt to establish, in, Wetherell, 52. 54 to 56. 59.
- Labourers, Food of, Wetherell, 57.
- - Mode of Employment of, Wetherell, 52.
- - Number of, generally out of Employ in Winter, Wetherell, 57.
- - Effect of employing them on the Roads, Wetherell, 51.
- - with and without Land, Employment of, by Farmers, Wetherell, 51.
- - are eager to have Possession of Plots of Ground, Wetherell, 57.
- - who hold Land are improved in Industry and Morals, Wetherell, 57.
- Land rented by Poor in Half and Quarter Acres, and Effect of this on Poor Rates, Wetherell, 51.
- - Rent of, Wetherell, 51. 52.
- - greatly improved, Wetherell, 59.
- Poor, having Land, better off than others, Wetherell, 55.
- - Management of, in 1830, Wetherell, 60 to 62.
- Poor Rates, Amount of, in, Wetherell, 52. 53.
- - not levied on Land let to Poor, Wetherell, 53.
- - Amount of, paid to unemployed Labourers, Wetherell, 53.
- - under 43d of Elizabeth, Wetherell, 54.
- - not reduced by letting Land to Poor, Wetherell, 54.
- Poor's Land in, to whom let, Wetherell, 59.
- Population of, Wetherell, 53.
- Road Work, Wages for, in, Wetherell, 52. 57.
- Select Vestry Act, allows Overseers to let Plots of Land to the Poor, Wetherell, 54.
- Spade Cultivation in, Returns for, and Effects of it, Wetherell, 54. 55.
- - Comforts of Poor increased by it, Wetherell, 54.
- - Produce of Half an Acre of Land, Wetherell, 60.
- thrashing, Price paid for, Wetherell, 57.
- Wages of Labour, Rate of, in, Wetherell, 52. 57.
- - are too high in proportion to Produce, Wetherell, 56.
C.
Caldecot, relative to Poor Rates in, Pym, 406. 407.
Cambridgeshire, Acres of Land in, Pym, 387. 388.
- Acres of Common Land in, Pym, 387. 388.
- Bastardy Laws, as practised in, Pym, 384.
- Capital, more, might be beneficially employed on the Land, Pym, 390.
- Circular to Parishes of, Pym, 384. 387. 396 to 415.
- Charities to Poor in, Pym, 387. 396 to 415.
- Common Land in, Pym, 387. 396 to 415.
- Cottage Rents, Average of, Pym, 387. 388. 396 to 415.
- Cultivation on heavy Soils has deteriorated, Pym, 390.
- Disturbances, none in Parishes where Labourers had Land, Pym, 392.
- Emigration from Parts of, how paid for- Relief afforded by it, Pym, 386. 393.
- Fuel, Price of, in, Pym, 387. 396 to 415.
- Labourers and Boys, Number of, in, Pym, 388.
- Proportion of Men and Boys employed on 100 Acres in, Pym, 391.
- Labourers in, are not more than sufficient to cultivate the Land, Pym, 386.
- Land in, might be improved by Drainage, and Produce of it increased, Pym, 390.
- Land much deteriorated in Cultivation in, Pym, 391.
- - let to Labourers, Pym, 387. 396 to 415.
- Overseers, frequent Change of, is a Disadvantage, Pym, 385.
- Poor Rates, Payments out of, for large Families, Pym, 387. 396 to 415.
Cambridgeshire, no Surplus Population in - not enough to cultivate Land properly, Pym, 391. 393.
- Rents reduced in, Pym, 390.
- Savings Bank in, Pym, 386.
- Allotments of Land are not granted to Poor by Overseers, but by Individuals, Pym, 392.
- uncultivated Land in, Quantity of, and how used, Pym, 388.
- Wages of Labour, Pym, 387. 388. 396 to 415.
- - to single Men, Pym, 387. 388. 395 to 415.
- Wheat, Produce of, per Acre in, Pym, 391.
Candles, Malt, and Soap, cheaper in 1797 than now, Hodges, 24.
(See Circulating Medium.)
Capital, Diminution of, and Causes, Beard,
Hodges,
Cameron,
Grey,
Spooner,

Faithful,
9.
26.
136. 137.
180. 181.
209. 214. 221. 222.
345. 346.
- unemployed, is a Fallacy, Bacon, 156.
- Want of, is the Cause of Nonemployment of Labourers, Beard,
Partington,
Cameron,
Wells,
Bacon,
9.
78.
134. 135.
143 to 145.
156.
- Profit Farmers ought to make on, Cameron, 135. 136.
- now expended on Agriculture larger than in 1795, Becher, 307.
- employed in Agriculture beyond a certain Extent, causes Decrease of Profits in a proportionably descending Scale, Partington, 79. 83.
- more could not be employed in Agriculture, because it would not produce a Return, Hodges, 23.
- as much has been employed on Land as is profitable, Bacon, 156.
- Decrease of, tends to increase Growth of Wheat, Spooner, 221.
- of England is sufficient, with a proper Circulating Medium, to give profitable Employment to Labouring Poor, Spooner, 214.
- lost in bad Speculations in 1825 - probable Effect of it if it had been employed in Home Cultivation, Spooner, 222.
- might be employed in some Parts of the Continent to more Advantage than here, Earl Stanhope, 274.
- of Manufacturers, instead of their Premises, should be rated for Support of Labour, Earl Stanhope, 278. 279.
- invested in Buildings by Societies in Nottinghamshire, Becher, 308.
- more, might be beneficially employed, Pym, 390.
Carham, Number of Poor relieved in, Slaney, 203.
Carlton, Agricultural Families-Rental, &c. Becher,
Pym,
322.
410. 411.
Cart-Drawing should not be performed by Labourers, Earl Stanhope, 271.
Castle Camps, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 408. 409.
Casual Poor. (See Poor, Casual.)
Catholic Population of Cossey more moral than Protestant, and why, Bacon, 183.
Caunton, Agricultural Families-Rental of, &c.
Becher, 322.
Caxton, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 406. 407.
(See Retail Dealers-Truck System.)
Chandlers Shops, whether they are beneficial to the Poor,
Whateley,
Simeon,
Earl Stanhope,
Spooner,
Ximenes,
243.
365.
270.
208. 222.
434.
- might be established by Overseers, to sell Goods to Poor at Prime Cost, Ximenes, 434.
Charitable Funds, Advantages of, to Poor, Faithful, 355.
Charities, in Midhurst, are an Inducement for People to settle there, Wardroper, 127.
- to Poor in Cambridgeshire, Pym, 384. 387. 396 to 415.
Cheese, Fall in Price of, Pollen, 69. 71.
Cherry Hinton,
Chesterton,
Cheveley,
Childerley,
Chippenham, relative to State of Poor in,
Pym, 400. 401.
402. 403.
414. 415.
402. 403.
412. 413.
Children of Labourers, how provided for out of Poor Rates, Dawson,
Slaney,
257.
187.
- are better taught in Poorhouse of Weston than at Home, Wells, 149.
Churton, Number of Persons relieved in, Slaney, 202.
Circular to Parishes of Cambridgeshire, Pym, 384. 387. 396 to 415.
(See Capital - Currency - Monetary System.)
Circulating Medium, Increase of, would be beneficial in ensuring Employment for increased Population, Spooner, 220.
- not being sufficient, has created the Truck System, Spooner, 208. 222.
- Extension of, would have a Tendency to raise Prices, Spooner, 209.
- could not be increased under the present Monetary System, Spooner, 216.
Clergy, Non-residence of, tends to Demoralization of Poor, Bacon, 183.
- their Usefulness as a Body, Whateley, 244.
Clergymen, their Influence over even the Dishonest, Whateley, 244.
Clipstone Park Farm; Amount of Labour Expences per Acre, Becher, 298.
Cloth, Manufacture of, in Long Newnton, Estcourt, 374.
Clothing of Labourers, Reduction in Price of, Sherborn, 110. 112.
- cheap, is of advantage to Poor, Whateley,
Becher,
243.
332.
- stronger in 1797 than now, Hodges, 25.
Clothing Fund supported by Penny Club and private Contributions, Faithful, 351.
(See Fuel.)
Coal Fund, supported by Poor and private Contributions, and Amount of, and at what Prices Coals sold, Faithful, 351.
Coals, Cost of, at Alford, Dawson, 262.
- - at Byfield, Wetherell, 60.
- - at Hamsey, Partington, 82.
- - at Shipton Moyne, Estcourt, 374.
- - at Stoughton, Barton, 255.
- - at Wragby, Foulis, 93.
Coke, Mr., of Holkham, great Rise of his Rental, Bacon, 159.
Collingham, Agricultural Families in, and Rental of, &c. Becher, 322.
Colonies, expensive to Mother Country, Bacon,
Spooner,
163.
211.
- Home, Establishment of, would produce a great Moral Good, Bacon, 163. 186.
Colony of Frederics Oord in the Netherlands, Bacon, 184.
Colouhoun, his Statement of unemployed Agriculturalists. and Manufacturers, and Poor Rates, in 1812, Bacon, 162.
- his Assumption of Number of Agricultural Families who subsist by Wages of Labour, Becher, 300. 301.
Comberton, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 400. 401.
Common Land in Cambridgeshire, Acres of, Pym, 387.
Common, Rights of, whether compensated by Allotments of Land, Earl Stanhope, 275. 276.
Coningsby, Poor Rates in, Foulis, 91.
- Wages of Labour in, paid out of Poor Rates, Foulis, 90.
Connington, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 404. 405.
Cookham and Maidenhead, Acres of Land in, Whateley, 227.
- Benefit Club at, Whateley, 239.
- Chandlers do not make Money, Whateley, 243.
- Clothing supplied to Poor at Cost Prices, and how, Whateley, 243.
- Cottages, Rent of, with and without Gardens, Whateley, 240.
- Farmers, State of, in, Whateley, 241.
- - send their Articles to London, Whateley, 244.
- Friendly Society, with Regulations on Mr. Becher's Calculations, Whateley, 229. 239.
- Fuel, Price of, Whateley, 229.
- Number of Labourers out of Employ in, Whateley, 227. 231 to 233.
- - before and since the Establishment of Select Vestry, Whateley, 239.
- Lace-making in, is at an End, Whateley, 242.
- Lying-in Charity in, Whateley, 229.
- early Marriages in, Whateley, 241.
- fewer improvident Marriages than there used to be in, Whateley, 242.
- Overseer permanent in, Whateley, 239.
- Parish Expenditure in, in 1824-1825 to 1830-1831, for weekly and occasional Relief, Whateley, 227. 231 to 238.
- Penny Club, for Clothing for Poor, Advantages of, Whateley, 239. 243.
- Poor supplied with Clothing at Cost Price, Whateley, 243.
- System of Management of Poor adopted in, Whateley, 228. 229.
- - applicable to other Agricultural Parishes, Whateley, 244.
Cookham and Maidenhead, Poor employed in trenching Ground, Whateley, 240.
- Poor Rates, Amount of, from 1812 to 1830, prior and subsequent to Select Vestry, Whateley, 227. 230.
- - Reduction of, by Select Vestry, Whateley, 239. 240.
- Population of, Whateley, 227.
- - Increase of, Whateley, 242.
- Potatoes set in Headlands of Fields in, by Labourers, Whateley, 241.
- Rents in, high - not lowered in last Twenty Years, Whateley, 241. 244.
- Savings Bank in, Whateley, 229.
- Select Vestry in, Whateley, 229.
- Settlements in, Poor are not fond of, Whateley, 242.
- Stone-picking by Women and Children, Whateley, 242.
- thrashing Wheat, Wages paid for, Whateley, 228.
- Valuation of, Whateley, 227.
- Wages of Labour, Whateley, 228. 241. 242.
- - not affected by late Disturbances in, Whateley, 228.
- Women and Children, Employment of, Whateley, 242.
- Workhouse of - Mode of treating Poor in - Regulations of, Whateley, 229. 239.
Co-operative Societies, if generally established, including, as a Principle, the Production of Food, would tend to annihilate Poor Rates in Cities, Bacon, 169. 170.
Corn, less produced in the Weald of Kent than Fifteen Years ago, Hodges, 25.
- and Potatoes sold to Labourers at reduced Prices by Farmers, Sherborn, 109.
- Quantity produced in the North, lessened, Grey, 180.
Corn Land laid down for rough Stock, for Want of Capital, Partington, 82.
Corn Laws, Operation of, Partington, 100.
Cotham, Agricultural Families in, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Coton, Acres of Land in, Pym, 386.
- Allotments of Land to Poor in, Pym, 386.
- Fire at, Pym, 392.
- Poor Rates, Amount of, in, Pym, 396.
- Population at, Pym, 386.
- Rents in, Pym, 386.
(See Cottages rated.)
Cottagers rated to Poor Rates, Foulis, 93.
- generally able and willing to pay their Rates, Demainbray, 33.
- improved Condition of, from Spade Husbandry, Pollen, 66.
- not under Restrictions as to Mode of Spade Husbandry, Demainbray, 33.
- generally grow Potatoes and Wheat, Demainbray, 36.
- with Two Children can maintain themselves on 7s. per Week, with a little Land, Demainbray, 36.
- having large Allotments of Land, unable to do other Work, Demainbray, 34.
- Mode of living now and formerly, Partington, 86.
- Food of, Holloway,
Pollen,
Wetherell,
Partington,
49.
68.
57.
81.
Cottage Occupations. (See Spade Labour.)
Cottages, ancient, are allowed Allotments of Land on Inclosure of Commons, Chapman, 419.
- Expence of building of, Hodges,
Bacon,
Grey,
Champman,
19. 20.
159.
176.
424.
- as to building of, on Allotments, Earl Stanhope, 268.
- - on Waste, Slaney, 190. 192.
- generally increase after Inclosures, Chapman, 420.
- Number of, not sufficient for Poor in Shipley, Holloway, 46.
- Increase in Number of, and from what Causes, Hodges, 26.
- as to taking down, Slaney, 196.
- System in Alford is to decrease Number of, Dawson, 264.
- have not increased in Number, in proportion to Population, Beard, 8.
- to whom they generally belong, Holloway,
Wetherell,
Walker,
Wardroper,
Dawson,
Wells,
Faithful,
Estcourt,
Simeon,
Ximenes,
40.
59.
101.
129.
153.
259.
344.
372.
358.
433.
Cottages, none lately built by Landowners, Pollen, 70.
- building of, prevented by Law of Settlement, Pym, 383.
- Rent paid for, Beard,
Holloway,
Pollen,
Chick,
Foulis,
Turner,
Wardroper,
Wells,
Grey,
Earl of Winchilsea,
Bp. Bath & Wells,

Whateley,
Barton,
Dawson,
Earl-Stanhope,
Becher,
Faithful,
Simeou,
Estcourt,
Pym,
Ximenes,
11.
39. 48. 49
65. 66.
73.
92 to 95.
114.
129.
141. 142. 150. 153.
172. 175.
206.
223.
240.
252.
259.
269.
330.
358.
344.
372.
387. 388. 396 to 415.
434. 436.
- Rent of, paid by Parishes, Beard,
Hodges,
Pollen,
Foulis,
Walker,
Turner,
Slaney,
Becher,
Simeon,
Ximenes,
11.
17.
70.
92. 93.
101.
114.
187. 192. 193.
289.
358.
433. 434.
- - is contrary to Law, Slaney, 193.
- - in North and South of England, Becher, 330.
- Rents of, not fallen, Beard,
Holloway,
Partington,
Barton,
8.
46. 48. 49.
82.
252.
- - not fallen in proportion to Rents of Farms, Holloway,
Wells,
46. 48. 49.
142. 143.
- - increased from 1783 to 1830, Hodges, 26.
- - high in Cossey, and Causes of, Bacon, 184.
- - in North and South of England, Becher, 330.
- rated, Harrison,
Wells,
118.
153.
- not rated, Foulis,
Walker,
Simeon
93.
101.
358.
- proposed Mode of rating, Hodges,
Slaney,
19. 20. 25.
194.
- provided by Parish of Alford, Dawson, 259.
- with Gardens, Rent of, in Bedfont, Sherborn, 109.
- - in Benenden, Hodges, 17. 19.
- - in Byfield, Wetherell, 56. 59.
- - in Cookham, Whateley, 240.
- - in Hamsey, Partington, 81.
- - in Midhurst, Cameron, 137.
- - in Shipley, Holloway, 39. 43. 44. 48.
- - in Sompting, Harrison, 118.
- - in Stoughton, Barton, 250.
- - in Wargrave, Ximenes, 433. 434.
- - in Weston, Wells, 142.
- - in the North, Grey, 172. 175.
- with Gardens, is a considerable Benefit, Foulis, 92.
- few have Gardens in Alford, Dawson, 259. 264.
- - in Hatfield, Faithful, 344.
- - in Whitchurch, Simeon, 360.
- Parishes should be enabled to erect, for Men located on Waste - after a Time to be the Property of the Locatee, Bacon, 157.
Cottage Gardens, Rent of, in Sompting, Turner, 116.
Cottenham, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 402. 403.
County Rates, instead of Parish Rates for Poor, Proposal for, Bacon, 166.
- much increased by Payments to Prosecutors and Witnesses, Hodges, 25.
- Increase of, in Midhurst, Cameron, 137.
- - in Wragby, Foulis, 96.
- Amount of, in Shipley, Holloway, 42.
- - in Stratford, Manchester, Walker, 106.
- - in White Waltham, Whateley, 245.
Cowkeeping is not beneficial to a Cottager, Becher,
Pollen,
323.
64.
Cow, Quantity of Land sufficient to maintain one, Chapman, 425.
Cowling, Mr., his Account of Expence of locating Poor, Bacon, 159.
- his Opinion on Waste Lands, Bacon,
Earl Stanhope,
152.
275.
(See Synopsis of Redbornstoke.)
Cranfield, Acres of Land in, Beard,
Becher,
3.
304. 305.
- Arable Land in, now in as high a State of Cultivation as Ten Years back, Beard, 7. 8.
- Cottage Rents in, Beard, 11. 13.
- - not fallen, Beard, 8.
- - are sometimes paid out of Poor Rates, Beard, 13.
- Cottages have not increased in proportion to Population, Beard, 8.
- - by whom rented and paid for, Beard, 11.
- Currency Question, its Effects on Farmers in, Beard, 7.
- Farmers in, not prosperous, Beard, 13.
- - will not be able to continue the Payment of the increased Rate of Wages, Beard, 13.
- Gravel-digging in, as Parish Employment of Poor in Winter, Beard, 3. 12.
- Labour in, Causes of Depression in Price of it, Beard, 10.
- Labourers Food in, Beard, 9. 10.
- Labourers in, One Fourth out of Employ from November to February for the last Twelve Years, Beard, 7.
- Labourers out of Employ - in 1829, Beard, 3. 5. 8.
- - how employed by Parish during Winter, Beard, 3.
- - Relief paid to them, Beard,
Becher,
3.
304. 305.
- - single and married, Rate of Relief to, Becher, 304. 305.
- - Families supported by Parish, Beard, 3.
- - employed on the Roads, and how, Beard,
Becher,
6. 7.
304. 305.
- - Fall in Price of their Clothing and Provisions, Beard, 10.
- Lace Trade in, Diminution of Profits on it, Beard, 8.
- Land let to Labourers at the Rate of 10s. per Acre in, Beard, 5.
- Paupers in, are employed on Roads, Beard, 12.
- Poor Rates, Average of, for Ten Years in, Becher, 404. 405.
- - Increase of, Beard, 11. 12.
- - paid by Farmers with Difficulty, Beard, 13.
- Population of, Beard,
Becher,
3.
304. 305.
- Rental, Diminution of, from increased Rate of Wages, Beard, 13.
- Rents in, diminished 25 per Cent. Beard, 11.
- Road Rate doubled, Beard, 12.
- Roads as Parish Employment for Poor, Beard, 3. 7. 12.
- Scale of Relief paid to Labourers, Beard, 3.
- Stone Wardens Rate, and how expended in, Beard, 6.
- Wages, Rate of, in, Beard, 3.
- - paid to Labourers of Eighteen Years of Age, Beard, 13.
- - now and Twelve Years back, Beard, 10.
- - increased Rate of, in, Beard, 13.
- - paid to able-bodied Pauper Labourers, Becher, 304. 305.
- Workhouse in, Becher, 304. 305.
Crime, Decrease of, in consequence of Emigration, Hodges, 21.
Cromwell, Agricultural Families in, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Crops of last Three Years in Kent under Average, Hodges, 29.
Cross Roads. (See Roads.)
Croxton,
Croydon cum
Clapton, relative to State of Poor in,
Pym, 406. 407.
398. 399.
Cultivation, Expence of, per Acre.
(See Labour, Expence of, per Acre.)
- System of, in Shipley, Holloway, 41.
- on heavy Soils in Cambridgeshire has deteriorated, Pym, 390.
(See Circulating Medium.)
Currency Question, its Effect on Farmers, Beard, 7.
- Contraction of, by Stoppage of Scotch Notes, is prejudicial to Farmers in the North, Grey, 181. 182.
D.
Dairy Farms, Produce of, decreased in last Three Years, Pollen, 71.
(See Waste Lands.)
Dartmoor, great Extent of barren Land on, Barton, 247.
Demand and Supply, reciprocal Agents, Bacon, 155.
Derbyshire, Farms in, are not of great Extent, Earl Stanhope, 270.
- Fuel is cheap in, Earl Stanhope, 269.
- Labourers in, consider Land Allotments of Advantage to them, Earl Stanhope, 269.
- Land let to Poor, sufficient for a Cow, Earl Stanhope, 267.
- Land for Spade Labour, beneficial to Labourer, Earl Stanhope, 267.
Devonshire, Cottages, as to building of, on Allotments, Earl Stanhope, 268.
- Farmers in, their Want of Capital, Earl Stanhope, 269.
- Farms in, are too large, Earl Stanhope, 269.
- Husbandry, ill understood in, Earl Stanhope, 268.
- Labourers in, hire Land from Farmers, Earl Stanhope, 268.
- Land, Allotments of, granted in, to such an Extent as to render the Labourer independent of Parish Relief, Earl Stanhope, 268.
- Wages of Labour in, now and in 1827, Earl Stanhope, 268.
- Wives of Labourers earned by Spinning in 1727 as much as their Husbands by Day Labour, Earl Stanhope, 268.
Distress of 1816 permanent, owing to Increase of Population and scientific Power, Bacon, 155.
- not general near Wragby, Foulis, 96.
District Farm for Labourers out of Employ, Bacon, 165.
(See Assembly, illegal.)
Disturbances in Sussex on account of low Wages, Barton, 255.
Ditching, Price paid for, Pollen,
Becher,
67. 71.
298.
(See Emigration - Location.)
Domestic Colonization, no Law by which it can be enforced, Bacon, 164.
- and Emigration, have great Advantages, both fiscally and morally, Bacon, 165.
- proposed as a temporary Remedy, Slaney, 193. 196.
- Effects and Advantages of, as a Means of employing any additional Capital supplied for the Relief of the Poor, Spooner, 216 to 219.
- preferable to Emigration, Spooner, 212. 213.
- Difficulties, Expence and Disadvantages of, Barton, 249.
- would not be sufficient to relieve present Distress, Barton, 246. 247.
- proposed Experiment of, on unoccupied Land in Yorkshire, and Modes of raising Money for, Earl Stanhope, 271. 272 to 276.
- might ultimately be carried to a great Extent, Earl Stanhope, 273.
- Relief from, must be gradual, Earl Stanhope, 273.
- is more acceptable to Labourers than Emigration, Earl Stanhope, 273.
- beneficial to a certain Extent, Earl Stanhope, 276.
- Expence of, in the first instance, would be small, Earl Stanhope, 274.
- Capital that would be required would not be large, Earl Stanhope, 273.
Domestic Colonization or Emigration, as to Landed Proprietors advancing Capital for promoting, Earl Stanhope, 273. 274.
- Facilities for obtaining Money for, with or without the Sanction of Government, Earl Stanhope, 272.
Down Land is considered as Waste Land, Chapman, 420.
Downton, Expenditure for the Poor in, from September 1829 to September 1830, Estcourt, 376.
- Wages of Labour in, Estcourt, 376.
Drainage, Want of, is the Cause of Sheep dying, Bacon, 169.
Dawson, 265.
Drainage Tile, Foulis, 92.
Drainage of Land, in Shipley, Holloway, 46.
- Farmers cannot now afford, Pollen, 71.
- Mr. Elkington's System of, Slaney,
Becher,
195.
307.
- Wages paid for, Becher, 299.
Dry Drayton,
Dullingham,
Duxford, relative to State of Poor in,
Pym, 402. 403.
414. 415.
410. 411.
E.
Eakring, Agricultural Families and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Ealing, near the New Forest, large Tracts of Waste Land in, fit for Cultivation, Chapman, 421.
Easebourne, Labour Rate proposed in, Cameron, 132.
East Hatley, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 398. 399.
Eden on the Poor Laws, Becher, 283.
Edwinstowe, Agricultural Families, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Egmanton, Agricultural Families, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Elkington's System of Draining, Slaney,
Becher,
195.
307.
Elstow Labourers, Rate of Relief to - Workhouse, &c., Becher, 304. 305.
Elsworth, Eltisley, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 404. 405.
406. 407.
(See Domestic Colonization - Location.)
Emigration and Home Colonization compared, Bacon, 161. 163.
- have great Advantages, both fiscally and morally, Bacon, 165.
Emigration should be proposed only to those who are voluntarily disposed to adopt it, Becher, 310.
- might be a temporary Convenience to remove over Population, Estcourt, 377.
- how far a permanent Relief, Barton, 248. 249.
- is of Advantage to those who go and those who remain, Barton, 248.
- seems the best Plan for relieving Distress, Barton, 246.
- no perceptible Benefit has arisen from, Earl of Winchilsea, 205. 206.
- Expences of, would lessen Funds which should be employed for Labourers at Home, Spooner, 211.
- should be carried on with Funds not already engaged for Employment of Poor, Spooner, 214. 215.
- tends to deprive the Country of its best Labourers, Earl Stanhope,
Pym,
274.
393.
- takes away Consumers and Tax Payers, and lessens the Price of Agricultural Produce, Spooner, 208. 211.
- of 200 Persons from Nottinghamshire to Algoa Bay in Africa, in 1819, and Subscription for, Becher, 309.
- and Cultivation of Waste Lands desirable for Employ of Poor, Pym, 394. 395.
- of Artizans from Nottingham to France in 1819, who carried Manufactures with them, Becher, 312.
- from Cambridge, how paid for, Pym, 386.
- from Shipley, Holloway, 50.
- from Lenham, Harrison, 120.
- from Alford to New York, and Expences of, Dawson, 260. 261.
- from Benenden, System and Expences of, Hodges, 14 to 16. 21.
- from Kent to United States of America, Number of Emigrants, and Expences per Head, Earl of Winchilsea, 204. 205.
- Expences of, to Canada, Barton, 249.
Endowments for the Poor, and Advantages of, Becher, 334. 335.
England, Quantity of uncultivated Land in, Becher, 316.
Epping Forest, Royal and other Rights in Chapman. 420.
Essex, successful Trial of Anti-pauper System in, Becher, 301. 302.
Estcourt's Communications to Board of Agriculture on Spade Labour, Pym, 385.
Etchilhampton, Number of Persons relieved by Poor Rates, Slaney, 202.
Eversden, Great,
- Little, relative to State of Poor in,
Pym, 406. 407.
406. 407.
Ewhurst, Number of Persons relieved in, Slaney, 202.
Exchange Act. (See General Exchange Act.)
F.
Falla's Statement of Experiments on Spade Husbandry near Newcastle, Bacon, 160.166. 184. 185.
Farm, rented at 60£. per Annum, reduced to 30£., afterwards let to Cottagers at 80£. per Annum, in small Lots, for Spade Labour, Demainbray, 33.
- Duke of Portland's, at Clipstone, in Nottinghamshire, Becher, 298. 307.
Farmhouses, Wages of Servants living in Wells, 151.
- Mode of hiring them, to prevent their becoming Parishioners, Wells, 151.
- Servants living in, Number of them has been increased in last Ten Years, Wells, 151.
Farmers, State of, Beard,
Hodges,
Holloway,
Partington
Foulis,
Cameron,
Wells,
Barton,
Whateley,
Earl Stanhope,
Simeon,
Faithful,
13.
22. 23.
41. 46. 47.
81.
91.
134 to 137.
141. 143.
252. 254.
241.
269.
359.
345.
- original Capital of, diminishing, Cameron, 136. 137.
- Profit they ought to make on Capital, Cameron, 135. 136.
- in Wragby, have not Capital, Foulis, 91.
- Distress of, has increased Loss of Shopkeepers, Hodges, 27.
- would be benefited by Increase of real not nominal Prices, Partington, 100.
- not able to keep up their Stock, Holloway, 42.
- Stock not reduced, Partington, 81.
- will not be able to continue the increased Rate of Wages, Beard, 13.
- in Byfield, Reluctance of, to employ Labourers who have Plots of Ground, Wetherell, 55.
- do not employ so much Labour as they ought to do, Wells, 146.
- in Hoggeston, are restrained by their Leases from bringing in Labourers who might acquire Settlements, Earl Stanhope, 269.
- in the North, who lend Labourer a Cow, always have the Calf, Grey, 178.
Farms, large, Creation of, is prejudicial to Labourer, Earl Stanhope, 276.
- - Production on, is larger than on small, from the Division of Labour, Bacon, 185.
- - employ fewer Labourers than small, Bacon, 185.
- small, in Time, will become as effectually productive as large, Bacon, 166.
- are too large in Devonshire, Earl Stanhope, 269.
- Size of, in Weald of Kent, Hodges, 26.
- Increase in Size of, is Cause of Labourers Distress, Dawson, 263.
- Sub-division of, would create a Moral Improvement in Labourers, Bacon, 186.
- in Derbyshire are not large, Earl Stanhope, 270.
- Size of, in North of England, Grey, 179.
- District for Labourers out of Employ, Bacon, 165.
- Spade, of Six Acres, and Mode of letting, Slaney, 189.
- thrown on Landlords Hands in Benenden, Hodges, 23.
- of indifferent Quality, cultivated by borrowed Capital, and Success of, Faithful, 346.
- small, should be on Land of good Quality, Chapman, 425.
Farnhurst; Acres of Land in, Cameron, 130.
- Acres of Wood in, Cameron, 130.
- Labourers, not more in, than could be profitably employed, if Land well cultivated, which would then produce Three Times the Crops it does now, Cameron, 131. 132.
- Land bad in - kept in Cultivation to employ Labourers, Cameron, 131.
- Population of, Cameron, 131.
- Wages, Rate of, Cameron, 131.
- - to single Men, Cameron, 131.
- Woods, Employment for Poor in, Cameron, 131.
Fencing Land, Expence of, Chapman, 424.
Fen Ditton,
Fen Drayton, relative to State of Poor in,
Pym, 400. 401.
404. 405.
Finlayson and Becher, Calculations of, on the Ratio of Sickness in a given Number of Persons, Becher, 333.
Fire at Bedfont, and good Disposition of Labourers, Sherborn, 111.
- at Coton, Pym, 392.
Fitz, Number of Persons relieved by Poor Rates in, Slaney, 203.
Flintham, Poor Rates and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Flitwick, Wages of Labour, Rate of Relief to Poor, and Workhouse, Becher, 304. 305.
Food of Labourers. (See Labourers, Food of.)
Fordham,
Foulmire,
Foxton, relative to State of Poor in,
Pym, 412. 413.
408. 409.
408. 409.
Frederic's Oord Colony in the Netherlands, Bacon, 184.
Friendly Societies, Becher's Plan for, Wetherell,
Becher,
56.
333. 336.
- how managed, and Defects of, Wetherell, 55. 56.
- and Garden-plot System, proposed Combination of, Wetherell, 54.
- are a Benefit if properly conducted, Partington, 80.
- in Cookham, Whateley, 229. 230.
- in Nottinghamshire and Sussex, Number of Members in, Becher, 295.
- should be provided for the Poor, Becher, 286.
(See Coals - Wood.)
Fuel, cheap in North, Grey, 178.
- - in Wells, Bp. Bath & Wells, 224.
- - in Derbyshire, Earl Stanhope, 269.
Fuel, dear in Stoughton, Barton, 255.
- used by Poor in Alford, what, Dawson, 262.
- Price of, in Cambridgeshire, Pym, 387. 396 to 415.
- - in Cookham, Whateley, 229.
- - in Long Newnton, Estcourt, 374.
Fulbourn, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 400. 401.
Funerals Clubs to pay Expences of, in the North, Grey, 175.
- Parish, Regulations of, in Hatfield, Faithful, 338.
G.
Game Laws, injurious Effects of, Bacon, 183.
Gamlingay, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 406. 407.
(See Cottages with Gardens.)
Gardens, Advantage of giving, to the Poor,
Hodges,
Holloway,
Wetherell,
Partington,
Sherborn,
Turner,
Cameron,
Wells,
Grey,
Whateley,
Barton,
Dawson,
Becher,
Faithful,
Simeon,
Ximenes,
17. 19.
44. 48.
56.
81.
109.
116.
137.
142.
172. 177.
240.
254.
259.
289.
348.
360.
433.
- let to the Poor of Wragby, Foulis, 91.
- in the North for Labourers, are from One Sixth to One Fourth of an Acre, Grey, 177.
General Exchange Act recommended as a Measure to facilitate Employment for the Poor, Slaney, 189.
General Highway Act, Proposals for, Slaney, 188.
General Inclosure Act, Proposals for, Slaney, 188. 191.
- to be used at the Discretion of Government, Bacon, 157.
Gilbert's Act, 22 G. 3, for Union of Parishes in Sussex, Wells,
Becher,
139. 145 to 152.
321. 329.
Girton, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 402. 403.
Gleaning by Women and Children, Holloway,
Partington,
41.
81.
Gloucestershire, successful Trial of Anti-pauper System in, Becher, 301. 302.
Godfrey's Farm, Nottinghamshire, Rate of Wages per Acre at, Becher, 298.
Goring, Acres of Land in, Simeon, 359.
- Farmers, State of, in, Simeon, 359.
- Labourers out of Employ in, Simeon, 359.
- Poor Rates in, Simeon, 359.
- Population of, Simeon, 359.
- Road Labour, and Wages for it, Simeon, 359.
- Sack Manufactory at, Simeon, 358.
Goring's Estate, Rents reduced, Wells, 145.
Grain, Quantity of, produced in England, Becher, 324.
Gransden, Little,
Grantchester, relative to State of Poor in,
Pym, 406. 407.
400. 401.
Grassthorp, Agricultural Families, and Rental, Becher, 322.
Graveley, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 404. 405.
(See Stone Warden.)
Gravel-Digging,
Beard,
Holloway,
Chick,
Foulis,
Faithful,
3. 6. 12.
47.
72.
91. 94.
347.
- Wages for, Beard,
Holloway,
6.
47.
Great Horwood, Number of Persons relieved in, Slaney, 203.
Great Ness, Number of Persons relieved in, and Mode of, Slaney, 203.
Guilden Morden, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 398. 399.
Gunpowder Manufactory at Hounslow, Sherborn, 112.
H.
Halloughton, Agricultural Families in, - Rental, &c. Becher, 322.
Haltwhistle, Number of Persons relieved in, Slaney, 203.
Hamsey, Agricultural Produce, Reduction of Prices, the Cause of Want of Employment of Labourers, Partington, 88.
- Appeals against Poor Rates not diminished, Partington, 90.
- Bread, Price of, Partington, 81.
- Capital, no additional Outlay of it could profitably employ unemployed Labourers, Partington, 78.
- Coals, Price of, in, Partington, 82.
- Corn Land laid down for rough Stock, Partington, 82.
- Cottages with Gardens, Rent of, Partington, 81.
- Cottages, Rent of, not reduced, Partington, 82.
- Cottagers, Mode of living now and formerly, Partington, 86.
- Farmers Stock not reduced, Partington, 81.
- - would be benefited by nothing but by Increase of real not nominal Prices, Partington, 100.
- Food of Labourers, Partington, 81.
- Friendly Societies are a Benefit if properly conducted, Partington, 80.
- Gleaning by Women, Partington, 81.
- illegal Meetings for Increase of Wages, Partington, 82.
- Labourers, Employ of, by Parish, when out of Employment, Partington, 77. 78. 84.
- - in the Weald of Sussex in a worse Condition than in Hamsey, Partington, 82.
- - Relief given to those in Employ according to Size of Family, Partington, 78.
- - Number of, employed on Eighteen Acres, Partington, 80.
- - none out of Employ in, Partington, 77.
- Labourers in full Work are better off now than under high Prices, Partington, 86.
- - more, could not be profitably employed by Farmers, even by additional Outlay of Capital, Partington, 78. 79. 83.
- - State and Condition of, Partington, 79.
- - who voluntarily throw themselves out of Work, are, by Order of Magistrates, relieved, Partington, 87. 88.
- Machinery, Use of, has been the Cause of Spinning and Knitting being disused, Partington, 88.
- Overseers, permanent, contribute to diminish Appeals, Partington, 90.
- Parish Assistance, Ease of getting it has led to present Distress, Partington, 79.
- poor Land, 600 Acres of, in, Partington, 82. 83.
- Poor Rates are levied principally on Agricultural Property, Partington, 83. 84.
- Population of, Partington, 80.
- Rent, Reduction of, Partington, 81. 82. 87. 99.
- - has not been followed by an increased Employ for Labourers, Partington, 87. 88.
- Road Work done by Task Work, Partington, 79.
- Spade Husbandry, Experiment of, Partington, 83.
- - used in preparing Land for Cultivation, Partington, 78.
- Tea, Price of, drank by Cottagers, Partington, 81.
- Valuation of Land for Adjustment of Rents made on the Supposition of Wheat being 16£. per Load, Partington, 99.
- Wages of Labour, Partington, 77. 84. 89.
- - in Harvest, Partington, 77. 80.
- - for Task Work, Partington, 77.
- - Advance of, Partington, 77.
- - on Roads, Partington, 84.
- Women and Children, Employment of, Partington, 79. 86. 89.
- Women and Boys, none now employed in Agriculture, Partington, 83.
Hardwick,
Harlton,
Harston, relative to State of Poor in,
Pm 406. 407.
401. 402.
408. 409.
Harting, Number of Men out of Employ in, Barton,
Wardroper,
247.
130.
Haslingfield, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 400. 401.
Hatfield, Acres of Land in, Faithful, 339.
- Beer Shops, Number licensed - ill Effects of them complained of by Wives of Men, and Farmers, Faithful, 353. 354.
- Capital, Want of, by Farmers, to what Causes owing, Faithful, 345.
- - if more laid out on Land, it would produce a sufficient Return, Faithful, 345. 346.
- casual Poor, in what Cases relieved, Faithful, 355.
- charitable Institutions, how far advantageous to the Poor Faithful, 353. 355.
- Clothes Fund, supported by Penny Club and private Contributions, Faithful, 351.
- Coal Fund, supported by Poor, and private Contributions, and Amount of, and at what Price Coals sold, Faithful, 351.
- Cottages in, Rent of, Faithful, 344.
- - few have Gardens, Faithful, 344.
- - probable Effect of their having Gardens, Faithful, 348.
- - built on Speculation, high Rent of, Faithful, 344.
- County Rates of, increased, Faithful, 354.
- Farms of indifferent Quality, cultivated by borrowed Capital, and Success of this, Faithful, 346.
- Farmers, Diminution of their Capital, to what Causes owing, Faithful, 345.
- Funerals, as to Regulation of, in, Faithful, 338.
- Gravel, Poor employed indigging it for the Roads, Faithful, 347.
- Hedge Greens, Effect of allowing Labourers to plant, in bringing up Families, Faithful, 349.
- Labourers, Average Number of, out of Employ in Winter Months, Faithful, 343. 344.
- - of good Character, never long out of Employment, Faithful, 344.
- - sufficient Employment for, if Farmers had Capital, Faithful, 344 to 346.
- - employed on Roads, and digging Gravel, Faithful, 347.
- Land formerly cultivated with a Return is now unprofitable for Want of Capital, Faithful, 345.
- - for Spade Labour, Faithful, 347 to 349.
- Litigation, Expences of, in removing Paupers, Faithful, 355. 356.
- Machinery, Improvement of, increases Number of Labourers employed in Paper Mills, Faithful, 352.
- Manure from London to, Faithful, 350.
- Marriages, Faithful, 352.
- Paper Mills, Number of Persons employed in, Faithful, 352.
- Parish Accounts, Form of, in, Faithful, 340. 341.
- Parish Employment, Conditions of its being granted, Faithful, 354.
- Parish Roads, Extent of, in, and Labourers employed in, Faithful, 347.
- Paupers in Sickness, how relieved, Faithful, 354.
- Poor, State and Condition of, Faithful, 352. 353.
- - no Allowance to, except in case of Sickness, Faithful, 337. 338.
- - all Relief to them given in Provisions and Necessaries, Faithful, 338.
- Poor Laws, Rate Payers and Poor are satisfied with Administration of, Faithful, 354.
- Poor Rates, Amount of, in 1819, and at what Valuation, Faithful, 337. 354.
- - have diminished, Faithful, 345.
- - Difference between their Amount in last Ten Years and previous Ten Years, Faithful, 337.
- - reduced by denying Relief to all Persons out of the Workhouse, Faithful, 337.
- - at what Rate per Pound, Faithful, 354.
- Population of, Faithful, 339. 352.
- - increased, and from what Causes, Faithful, 345. 348.
- Provisions, reduced Price of them has improved Condition of Poor, Faithful, 353.
- Salisbury, Marquess of, Number of Labourers employed by him in Winter, Faithful, 343. 344. 345.
- Savings Bank, Amount of Deposits in, in 1830, Faithful, 349.
- Select Vestry in, Regulations relating to Administration of Relief of the Poor, Faithful, 338.
- - Reference to it in certain Cases, Faithful, 354.
- Spade Labour, Land hired for it, at what Rent cultivated to a Loss, Faithful, 347. 348.
Hatfield, Stone Wardens Rate in, Faithful, 347. 354.
- Straw Plait manufactured in, Faithful, 348 to 350. 352 to 354.
- - Women and Children employed at, Faithful, 349. 353.
- - Wages for it, Faithful, 350.
- Sunday Bank in, what, Interest in, how paid, and Moral Effects of it, Faithful, 349 to 351.
- Valuation of Parish of, Faithful, 337. 354.
- Wages, Rate of, in, Faithful, 349.
- - sufficient to allow saving, Faithful, 349.
- - for single and married Men, Faithful, 349.
- Wheat, Produce of, per Acre, in, Faithful, 348.
- Woodland in, Quantity of, Faithful, 339.
- Workhouse in, Description of People in it, Faithful, 343.
- - old Men in, employed on Roads, and their Wages, Faithful, 343.
- - Expence of Poor per Week in, Faithful, 341.
- - Earnings in, in 1829 and 1830, Faithful, 341.
- - Arrangement of, Faithful, 339.
- - Average Number of Poor in it, Faithful, 341.
- - Children in it earn sufficient for their Support, Faithful, 341.
- - Children in it employed in Silk Works - on what Terms, Faithful, 343.
- Workhouse, System of it might be introduced generally, Faithful, 338. 339.
Hatley St. George, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 406. 407.
(See Wages of Labour.)
Harvest, Wages are paid by the Piece during, in Benenden, Hodges, 18.
Hauxton, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 410. 411.
Head-Money seldom wanted by Labourers who have Garden Plots, Wetherell, 52.
Hedge Greens, good Effect of allowing Labourers to cultivate, Faithful, 349.
Hedging and Ditching, Price paid for, Pollen, 67.
Hedging, Price paid for, now and formerly, Holloway, 45.
Henshaw, Number of Persons relieved in, Slaney, 203.
Highway Act, general, proposed, Slaney, 188.
Highway Rate, Amount of, in the Pound, at Midhurst, Wardroper, 130.
Highworth, Rate of Wages in, Demainbray, 126.
Hildersham, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 408. 409.
Hillingdon Heath, Chapman, 418.
Hind, in the North, what, Grey, 172.
Hinds very quiet and orderly, Grey, 178.
Hinxton,
Histon, relative to State of Poor in,
Pym, 410. 411.
402. 403.
Hockerton, Agricultural Families in, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Hodges's Evidence before Emigration Committee, 1827, Slaney, 191.
Hodson's Return of 101 Prisoners in Wiltshire Gaol, and Wages they had received, Estcourt, 373.
Hoggeston, Acres of Land in, Earl Stanhope, 269.
- Cottages, Rent of, in, are low, Earl Stanhope, 269.
- Farmers are restrained by their Leases from bringing in Labourers who might acquire Settlements, Earl Stanhope, 269.
- Labour, Surplus of, arises from Poverty of the Farmers, Earl Stanhope, 270.
- Labourers in, are generally able to support their Families, Earl Stanhope, 270.
- Pigs given to Labourers in, Earl Stanhope, 269.
- Poor Rates in, Earl Stanhope, 269.
- Population of, Earl Stanhope, 269.
- Roundsmen in, how paid, Earl Stanhope, 270.
- Wages of Labour in, Earl Stanhope, 270.
Holkham, great Rise of Rents at, Bacon, 159.
Holme, Agricultural Families, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Home Colonization. (See Domestic Colonization.)
Hop Trade, a losing one of late Years, Hodges, 27.
Hops, are a precarious Culture, Hodges, 28.
- Expence of cultivating, Hodges, 28.
Hordley, Number of Persons relieved by Poor Rates in, Slaney, 203.
Horningsea,
Horseheath, relative to State of Poor in,
Pym, 400. 401.
408. 409.
(See Synopsis of Redbornstoke.)
Houghton Conquest, Labourers relieved by Poor Rates - Workhouse, &c. Becher, 304. 305.
Hounslow Heath, Inclosure, Sherborn,
Chapman,
110.
418.
- Gunpowder Manufactory at, Sherborn, 112.
House of Correction at Southwell, Number of Prisoners in, and their Food, Becher, 330.
House of Industry in Shropshire, for several Parishes, and how supported, Slaney, 197. 198.
Houses, not rated to Poor Rates in Mitcham, Chick, 73.
Hoveringham, Agricultural Families, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Howden, Cultivation in, approaches nearly to Horticulture - Advantages of this, Becher, 310.
Hurstmonceaux, Mode of paying Poors Rates in, Becher, 313.
Husbandry ill understood in Devonshire, Earl Stanhope, 268.
I.
Ickleton, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 412. 413.
Illegal Assemblies. (See Assemblies, illegal.)
Impington, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 402. 403.
Inclosure Act, General. (See General Inclosure Act.)
Inclosure Acts, Claims under, how settled, Chapman, 418. 419.
- Cottages generally increase after, Chapman, 420.
Inclosure of Commons, an Advantage to Cottagers as compared with Right of Common, Chapman, 419.
- in Malmesbury, Pollen, 63.
- in Midhurst, Wardroper,
Cameron,
129.
138.
Inclosure of Hounslow Heath, Sherborn,
Chapman,
110.
418.
(See General Inclosure Act.)
osures of Land, for employing Labourers, should be made extra-parochial, and free from Tithes, Bacon, 158.
- Bills for, Expences of passing, Chapman, 417. 418.
- are prevented by the Expences, Dawson,
Pym,
265.
393.
- Commissions for, Time they generally last, Chapman, 419.
Inclosures better the Condition of the Poor, Chapman. 421.
Infanticide very rare in Scotland, Pym, 390.
Ireland, Poor Laws, if established in would be a Benefit to England in keeping Irish Labourers at Home, Hodges, 22. 26.
Irish Cattle, Importation of, Pollen, 71.
Irish Labourers, and Work they generally do, Walker, 103. 105.
- beat down the Price of Labour in England, Dawson,
Estcourt,
266. 267.
374.
- assist in getting in Harvest in Nottinghamshire, Becher, 307.
- Influx of, have the Effect of depressing Wages of Labour, Estcourt, 374.
Irish People, Mode of passing them to Ireland, Walker, 105.
Irish and Scotch Labourers employed in North in Harvest, Grey, 180.
Irish and Welch Labourers, Effects of employing them in reducing Price of Labour, Spooner, 221.
Isleham, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 412. 413.
K.
Kelham, Agricultural Families in, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
(See Synopsis of Redbornstoke.)
Kempston, Acres in; Labourers, single, married, and able-bodied, Rate of Relief to; Labourers employed on Roads; Sum expended for Poor; Poor Rates; Population; Wages of Labour; and Workhouse in, &c. &c. Becher, 304. 305.
- Gravel-digging in, and Wages paid for it, Beard, 6.
Kennet, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 412. 413.
Kensington's, Lord, Property attacked by Poachers, Bacon, 184.
Kent Lunatic Asylum, Hodges, 23. 24.
Kent, Condition of Labourers in Weald of, Barton, 254.
- Land in, let for Spade Labour, Rent and Produce of, Earl Stanhope, 267.
Kilvington, Agricultural Families in, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Kingston, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 406. 407.
Kingston St. Michael, Expenditure for Poor, from September 1829 to September 1830, Estcourt, 375.
Kirkby Lonsdale, Number of Persons relieved in, Slaney, 203.
Kirkhaugh, Number of Persons relieved in, Slaney, 203.
Kirklington, Agricultural Families in, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Kirk Newton, Northumberland, Acres of Land in, Grey, 175. 180.
- Bread in North made of Barley and Pease, Grey, 179.
- Capital of Farmers in the North diminished, Grey, 180. 181.
- Corn, Quantity produced in North lessened, Grey, 180.
- Cottages and Gardens, Rent of, Grey, 172. 175.
- - Expence in building of, Grey, 176.
- Currency, Contraction of, is the Cause of Reduction of Farmers Capital, Grey, 181. 182.
- Farmers in North who lend Labourer a Cow always have the Calf, Grey, 178.
- Farms, Size of, in North, Grey, 179.
- Fuel cheap in, Grey, 178.
- Funerals, Clubs to pay Expences of, Grey, 175.
- Gardens in the North for Labourers are from One Sixth to One Fourth of an Acre, Grey, 177.
- Hind in the North, what, Grey, 172.
- Hinds very quiet and orderly, Grey, 178.
- Irish and Scotch Labourers employed in North in Harvest, Grey, 180.
- Labour, State of, in the North, Grey, 171 to 182.
- Labourers on Farms, State of them, Grey, 171.
- Labourers, well educated and sober, Grey, 171. 173.
- - seldom apply for Parish Relief, Grey, 171. 174. 178.
- - how paid, Grey, 171. 179.
- - Number of, employed per Acre, Grey, 181.
- - Number of, employed on 100 Acres, Grey, 172. 179.
- - Boys, their Wages, Grey, 172.
- - Food of, Grey, 173.
- - ordinary Length of Service of, Grey, 174.
- - Savings and Earnings of, Grey, 174.
- - and Master, Confidence between, Grey, 174. 175.
- - English and Scotch, little Difference between, on the Borders, Grey, 177.
- - Marriages of, not early, seldom 'till they can furnish a Cottage and purchase a Cow, Grey, 173. 181.
- Manure for Gardens, taken from Cowhouse and Pigstye, Grey, 177. 178.
- Poor Rates reduced in North, Grey, 179.
- Poor Rates, low in, Grey, 175.
- - Tradesmen more on, than Agriculturists, Grey, 179.
- Poor Laws have deteriorated the Condition of working Tradesmen, Grey, 177.
- Population, Grey, 175. 180.
- Potatoes, Labourers in North used to have Permission to plant them in Farmers Ground, - this now altered, Grey, 178.
- Rents, Reduction of, Grey, 180.
- Scotch 1£. Notes, withdrawing of them would be a great Inconvenience to Agriculturists, Grey, 181. 182.
- Tradespeople in the North, their Morals not equal to Farm Servants, Grey, 175. 177.
- Wages of Labour, how paid, Grey, 171. 172.
- - paid in Kind, whether give rise to Disputes, Grey, 175 to 177.
- Northumberland, Wages of Labour, Advantage of their being paid in Kind, Grey, 179.
Kirtling, relative to State of Poor
Knapwell, in,
Pym, 414. 415.
404. 405.
Kneesal, Agricultural Families in, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Kneesworth, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 398. 399.
L.
Labour, Remuneration for, should be without Distinction as to married or single, unless with very large Families, Earl Stanhope, 277.
- Domestic, Objects of, Spooner, 211.
- Market for, in Nottinghamshire, is kept free and open, Becher, 307.
- Surplus of, arises from Poverty of Farmers, Hodges,
Earl Stanhope,
23. 28.
270.
- Competition in, is the Cause of low Wages, Beard, 8. 10.
- Excess of, arises from the Inability to employ Men, and from the general Pressure on the Country, Spooner, 210.
Labour, Decrease in Value of, as compared with Price of Provisions, Chick, 74.
- might be increased by making Cross Roads on M'Adam's Principles, Slaney, 188.
- State of, in consequence of illegal Assemblies of the People, Hodges, 22.
- Effect of Poor Laws on, Pym, 391.
- Price of, now and at the End of the War, Holloway, 40.
- - Interference of Parliament in, is objectionable, Spooner, 215.
- - in Van Dieman's Land, Spooner, 211.
- in Lenham, is not sufficient for Population, Harrison, 117. 118.
- State of, in the North, Grey, 171 to 182.
- is well paid for in the North, Becher, 308.
- Expence of, per Acre, in Balderton, Becher, 298.
- - at Clipstone Park, Becher, 298.
- - at Godfrey's Farm, Becher, 298.
- - on Neil's Farm, Becher, 319.
- - near Newark, Becher, 320.
- - in Nottinghamshire, Becher, 301. 308.
- - in South Clifton, Becher, 299.
- - in Southwell, Becher, 300.
- - in Sussex, Becher, 301. 308.
Labour Rate, as to Advantage or not of establishing one, Earl Stanhope,
Spooner,
278.
209. 210. 215.
- to be settled by Overseer to employ Persons unemployed would be beneficial, Spooner, 215. 216.
- proposed in Easebourne, and Failure of, Cameron, 132.
- Attempt to establish in Byfield, Wetherell, 52. 54 to 56. 59.
- Bill for, Spooner, 209. 210.
Labourers Wages. (See Wages of Labour.)
Labourers, State and Condition of, Beard,
Hodges,
Holloway,
Wetherell,
Partington,
Demainbray,
Pollen,
Chick,
Foulis,
Walker,
Sherborn,
Turner,

Harrison,
Wardroper,
Cameron,
Harrison,
Wells,
Grey,
Bp. Bath & Wells,
Spooner,
Whatley
Barton,
Earl Stanhope,
Dawson,
Faithful,
Becher,
Simeon,
Estcourt,
Pym,
Chapman,
3. 4. 5. 7. 9. 10.
14. 18. 21. 24. 26. 27.
41. 42. 46. 47. 49.
51. 52. 57. 69.
77 to 89.
35. 36. 128.
63. 67. 68.
74.
91. 94. 95.
101 to 108.
108 to 112.
113 to 116.
116 to 120.
127 to 130.
131 to 138.
117 to 120.
143. 152.
171 to 186.
222 to 225.
207. 209 to 212. 214 to 216.
227. 231 to 233. 239. 244.
245. 246. 248. 250. 251. 253. 254.
267 to 279.

258 to 266.
243 to 247.
336.
357. 365.
370. 372. 378. 379.
386. 388. 391.
427. 428.
- State of, in Weald of Kent, now and Ten or Twelve Years back, Hodges,
Partington,
14.
82.
- have an indefeasible Right to the Employment of their Labour, which constitutes their Property, Earl Stanhope, 277. 278.
- Employ of, prevented by Want of Capital, and other Causes, Partington,
Harrison,
Wardroper,
Faithful,
Cameron,
Wells,
Earl Stanhope,
Spooner,
78. 79.
120.
128. 129.
244 to 246.
134. 135.
143 to 146
274.276
211.
- Number of, out of Employ, Beard,
Hodges,
Holloway,
Wetherell,
Partington,
Turner,
Whateley,
Simeon,
3. 4. 5. 7.
18.
39. 46.
57.
89.
113.
227. 239. 331 to 333.
359.
- Number of, out of Employ in Alford, Dawson, 259.
- not more than can be profitably employed, Spooner, 212.
Labourers, Number of, out of Employ at Broad Somerford, Demainbray, 36.
- - at Cranfield, Beard, 7.
- - at Marston, Beard, 4. 5.
- - at Southstroke Simeon, 359.
- in Cambridgeshire, are not more than sufficient to cultivate Land, Pym, 386.
- more in Number than can find Employ, Partington, 89.
- none out of Employ at Bedfont, Sherborn, 108.
- - in Hamsey, Partington, 77.
- fewer employed now than Ten Years back, Beard, 4. 5.
- - owing to Fall in Price of Provisions, Chick, 74.
- paying them out of Poor Rates a bad Principle, Sherborn, 110.
- in Bedfont, Condition of, good, from not working on Roads, or being paid out of Poor Rates, Sherborn, 111.
- are demoralized by being paid out of Poor Rates, Spooner, 211. 212.
- Condition of, improved, by not having Parish Relief, Foulis,
Sherborn,
Becher,
94. 95.
111.
291.
- Scale of Parish Relief paid to, in Cranfield, Beard, 3. 4.
- - in the Lower Rape Division of the Rape of Chichester, Wardroper, 128. 130.
- employed by Parish, Demainbray,
Holloway,
Partington,
Walker,
Cameron,
Dawson,
Earl Stanhope,
35.
42.
77. 78. 84.
101.
137. 138.
258.
271.
- as to locating, on Waste Lands in other Parishes than their own, Chapman, 427. 428.
- residing out of the Parish of Shipley, and having more than Two Children, are allowed Aid from the Poor Rates, Holloway, 42.
- employed on Roads, Holloway,
Wetherell,
Harrison,
Wells,
Wardroper,
Barton,
Dawson,
Faithful,
42.
51.
117.
146.
128.
246. 251.
265.
347.
- Number of, employed on Eighteen Acres, Partington, 80.
- - employed on One hundred Acres, Sherborn,
Turner,
Barton,
112.
114.
250.
- - employed on Three hundred Acres, Harrison, 119.
- - employed on One hundred Acres, in the North, Grey, 172. 179. 181.
- married and single, State and Condition of, Holloway,
Pollen,
Bacon,
Dawson,
Estcourt,
41. 42.
67.
164.
258.
372.
- - different Conduct of Magistrates to, Pollen,
Bacon,
67.
164.
- early Marriages of, to what Causes owing, Holloway,
Barton,
42.
258.
- Character of, is benefited by Education, Bacon, 167.
- of good Character, never long out of Employ, Faithful, 344.
- in constant Employ, its Effects on their Moral Character, Barton, 249.
- Evil of System of making Agricultural Servants independent of their Characters, Estcourt, 378. 379.
- employed in Spade Labour, and its Effects, Pollen,
Wetherell,
63.
51. 57.
- with and without Land, Employment of, by Farmers, Wetherell, 51.
- having small Allotments of Land are well-behaved, Bp. Bath & Wells, 224.
- in Devonshire, hire Land from Farmers, Earl Stanhope, 268.
- good, not anxious to emigrate, Dawson, 262.
- in Farnhurst, not more than could be profitably employed, if Land well cultivated, which would then produce Three Times the Crops it does now, Cameron, 131. 132.
- more, might be employed, if Land properly cultivated, Foulis, 91.
- no more, can be employed on Land under Cultivation, Bacon,
Dawson,
156.
261.
- in full Work are better off now than under high Prices, Partington, 86.
- not so well off now as when Provisions were dearer, Holloway, 47.
- in general board with Farmers, Holloway, 49.
Labourers, Causes of their not residing with Farmers as formerly, Hodges, 27.
- Number of, employed by Farmers not increased by Fall of Rents, Wetherell, 69.
- Time they are hired for by Farmers, Foulis, 95.
- proposed Remedy for Distress of, Bacon, 157 to 170.
- have suffered from Inclosure Acts, and the Destruction of small Farms, Earl Stanhope, 276.
- would not be benefited by Reduction of Taxation, Bacon, 156.
- it is desirable to find profitable Employment for, Earl Stanhope, 271.
- demoralized for Want of Employment, Bp. Bath & Wells, 224.
- Waste Lands possessed by Parishes should be used for locating of, Bacon, 157.
- Knitting and Spinning proposed as a Means of Parish Employ for, Earl Stanhope, 271.
- should not be employed in Cartdrawing, Earl Stanhope, 271.
- who voluntarily throw themselves out of Work are, by Order of Magistrates, relieved, Partington, 87. 88.
- in Hoggeston are in general able to support their Families, Earl Stanhope, 270.
- good Disposition of, during Fire at Bedfont, Sherborn, 111.
- "Plain Statement of the Case of the Labourers" recommended, Earl Stanhope, 277.
- on Mr. Poyntz's Estate allowed to plant Potatoes, Rent-free, in new Plantations, and its Success, Cameron, 132. 133.
- Number of, employed by Marquess of Salisbury in Winter, Faithful, 344.
- formerly brewed their own Beer, Beard, 10.
(See Cottagers, Food of.)
- Food of,
Beard,
Hodges,
Holloway,
Wetherell,
Pollen,
Partington,
Turner,
Grey,
9. 10.
21.
49.
57.
68.
81.
115.
173.
- in North, State and Condition of, Grey, 171 to 182.
- - how paid, Grey, 171. 172.
- - very sober, Grey, 173.
- - well educated, Grey, 171.
- - Food of, Grey, 173.
- - Mode and Terms of hiring on Farms, Grey, 171.
- - Length of Service, Grey, 174.
- - Savings of, Grey, 174.
- - seldom apply for Parish Relief, Grey, 171. 174. 178.
- - Marriages of, do not take place 'till they can furnish a Cottage and purchase a Cow, Grey, 173.
- - Number of, employed on 100 Acres, Grey, 172. 179. 181.
- - Condition of, is preferable to those in the South, and Causes of this, Grey, 171.
- - Irish, Employment of, in England, is an Impediment to Employ of surplus Population, Hodges,
Dawson,
26.
266.
- - Character of, has been corrupted by long Habit, Bacon, 167.
- - Work they generally do, Walker, 105.
- in Germany are Copyholders, and derive great Advantage from the Occupation of Land, Earl Stanhope, 278.
Lace Machinery, Invention of, Becher, 312.
Lace Machines, have injured the Lace Trade in Buckinghamshire, Slaney, 195.
- Price of, Becher, 312.
- Pay to Workmen working at, Becher, 312.
Lace-making by Women, Pollen, 69.
- - is at an End in Cookham and Maidenhead, Whateley, 242.
Lace Trade, Diminution of Profits in, Beard, 8.
Lanark, Mr. Owen's Report on the best Means of employing the Poor in, Bacon, 159.
Land, Inclosure of. (See Inclosure.)
- Rental of Kingdom of England, Becher, 314.
- - of Nottinghamshire and Sussex, Becher, 300.
- System of rating, Slaney, 197.
(See Wastes.)
- uncultivated, Quantity of, in England, Becher, 316.
- - - fit for Cultivation, Earl Stanhope, 275.
- - and cultivated, Earl Stanhope, 275.
- - is one Cause of Agricultural Distress, Bacon, 168.
- more, employed now for Grain than used to be, Spooner, 221.
Land is capable of higher Cultivation, if more Capital employed Simeon, 359. 360.
- Quantity necessary to support each Individual, Spooner, 218. 219.
- different Rights supposed to exist on, should be protected, Earl Stanhope, 274. 275.
- formerly cultivated with a Return, is now unprofitable for Want of Capital, Faithful, 345.
- Value of, in Bedfont, Tithe-free, Sherborn, 110.
- - in Midhurst, and Produce of Cameron, 135.
- under cultivated near Wragby, Foulis, 91.
- in a worse Condition now than Fifteen Years back, in Shipley, Holloway, 47.
- out of Cultivation in Lenham, Harrison, 118.
- - in Midhurst, Wardroper, 129.
- in Cambridgeshire much deteriorated in Cultivation, Pym, 391.
- -might be improved by Drainage, and Produce of, increased, Pym, 390.
- in Sompting would be improved by additional Labour, Turner, 116.
- held by Proprietors in general employ more Labourers than if held by Tenants, Harrison, 119.
- for Spade Labour, Quantity let to Poor, Beard,
Demainbray,
Wetherell,
Wells,
Bp. Bath & Wells,
Dawson,
Earl Stanhope,
Pym,
5.
31 to 36.
51.
142. 143.
222. 223.
266.
267. 268.
387. 396 to 415.
- Rent of Beard,
Demainbray,
Wetherell,
Wells,
Bp. Bath & Wells,
Dawson,
Earl Stanhope,
5.
32 to 34. 37.
51. 52.
142. 143.
222. 223.
266.
267.
- - Produce of, Demainbray,
Harrison,
Wells,
Earl Stanhope,
Dawson,
36.
118. 119.
142. 143.
267.
266.
(See Broad Somerford.)
- - vested in Rector and Churchwardens of Broad Somerford, to be allotted to Cottagers under Inclosure Act in 1806, beneficial Effects of this, Demainbray, 31 to 36.
- - let to Poor, with its Effect on Poor Rates, Wetherell, 51.
- - let to Poor of Hatfield, Faithful, 347 to 349.
- - free of Rent, and Produce of, Harrison, 218. 219.
- - held by Cottagers well cultivated, Demainbray,
Wetherell,
32.
59.
- - let to Cottagers, is an Advantage to their Children, Demainbray, 36.
- - granted in Devonshire, to an Extent to render Labourer independent of other Employ, Earl Stanhope, 268.
- - let to Poor in large Towns, and Success of the Experiment at Richmond, and Rent paid and received on it, Demainbray, 37.
- - of the worst Description, cultivated to advantage, Demainbray, 34.
- let to Poor in Derbyshire, is sufficient for a Cow, Earl Stanhope, 267.
- poor, in Farnhurst, kept in Cultivation to employ Labourers, Cameron, 131.
- - unproductive to Farmers, let to Cottagers, and cultivated to advantage, Demainbray, 32. 33.
Land, Down, is considered as Waste Land, Chapman, 421.
Landlords, in Nottinghamshire, have been the last to raise their Rents, and the first to reduce them, Becher, 308.
- should improve their Estates in preference to making Returns for Rent due, Becher, 320.
Landwarde, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 412. 413.
Langford, Agricultural Families in, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Laxton, Agricultural Families in, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Law of Settlement. (See Settlement.)
Leases, few granted to Farmers in Nottinghamshire, Becher, 308.
Lenham, Acres of Land in, Harrison, 116.
- Cottages and Gardens, Rent of, Harrison, 118.
- - rated to Poor Rates, Harrison, 118.
- Emigration from, Harrison, 120.
- Employment in, not sufficient for Population, Harrison, 117. 118.
Lenham, Labourers out of Employ, and employed on Roads, Harrison, 117.
- - Number of, employed on 300 Acres, Harrison, 119.
- - fewer employed than formerly, to what Causes owing, Harrison, 120.
- Land out of Cultivation in, Harrison, 118.
- - allotted to Labourers free of Rent, how employed, and its Produce, Harrison, 118. 119.
- - held by Proprietors, employs more Labourers than if held by Tenants, Harrison, 119.
- Overseer, annual, Harrison, 116.
- permanent Overseer, Harrison, 116.
- Poor Rates, Harrison, 117.
- Population of, Harrison, 117.
- Rents fallen, Harrison, 121.
- Road Work, Wages for, Harrison, 117.
- Select Vestry, Harrison, 116.
- single Men, bad Pay to them is an Inducement to marry, Harrison, 117. 120.
- Spade Cultivation by Poor, and Price paid for, per Acre, Harrison, 119. 120.
- - as compared with ploughing, Harrison, 120.
- Valuation of Parish of, Harrison, 118.
- Wages of Labour, Rate of, in 1811 and 1812, Harrison, 118.
- - and Parish Allowance, Harrison, 117. 119.
- - for Road Work, Harrison, 117.
- - for single Men, Harrison, 117.
(See Synopsis of Redbornstoke.)
Lidlington, Acres in; Labourers, single, married and able-bodied, Rate of Relief to; Labourers employed on Roads; Sum expended for Poor, Poor Rates, and Population; Wages of Labour; and Workhouse in, &c. &c. Becher, 304. 305.
- Labourers Wages, and Increase of, Beard, 6. 7.
- Rent in, high, Beard, 11.
Limehouse, Parish of, Payments to Poor in, Walker, 103.
Lincolnshire, beneficial Effects of Spade Labour in, Chapman, 422 to 424.
Linton, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 408. 409.
Litigation, Expences of, in removing Paupers from Hatfield, Faithful, 355. 356.
(See Emigration and Domestic Colonization.)
Location, Proportion of Land necessary for a Family, Bacon, 160. 163.
- should be of the best Men of the Village, Bacon, 160.
- from bad Soils to good, proposed, Wells, 144. 147.
- - Expence of, Bacon, 159.
- - as estimated by Mr. Cowling, Bacon, 159.
- of redundant Labourers upon Wastes, Slaney, 191. 192.
Lolworth, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 402. 403.
London, Irish People, Mode of passing them to Ireland, Walker, 105.
- Irish Labourers do Work which English would not do, Walker, 104.
- - Work they generally do, Walker, 105.
- permanent Overseer, Walker, 104.
- Poor Rates, Summonses for Nonpayment of, Walker, 105.
- Poor, Fluctuations in Employments for them, Walker, 105.
- Population of Lambeth Street Police District, Walker, 103.
- Select Vestries, Walker, 104.
- State of Poor in Lambeth Street Police District in 1828, 1829 and 1830, Walker, 103.
- Tally Shops, what-are an Injury to Labouring Classes, Walker, 104.
- Workhouses in the District of, and Number of Poor in them, Walker, 103.
- - Employ of Poor in, Walker, 104.
Longstowe, Allotments of Land to Labourers with Families, who, when out of Work, work upon their own Allotments or that of their Neighbours who are otherwise employed, Pym, 392.
- State and Condition of Poor in, Pym, 406. 407.
Long Newnton. (See Shipton Moyne.)
Long Stanton All Saints, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 402. 403.
Long Stanton St. Michael, Pym, 402. 403.
Loppington, Number of Persons relieved in, Slaney, 203.
Lowe's State of Europe, Becher, 330. 331.
Lunatics, how to be disposed of, Becher, 290.
Lying-in Charity in Cookham, Whateley, 229.
M.
M'Adam's Evidence on Labourers Wages, Slaney, 188.
M'Culloch's Opinion is, that prudent Habits would be engendered by making the Poor comfortable, Bacon, 164. 168.
Machinery adds to the general Wealth of the Country, Spooner, 213. 214.
- has superseded many Occupations of Labourers, Earl Stanhope, 277.
- Improvement of, increases Number of Labourers employed in Paper Mills, Faithful, 352.
- Use of, is the Cause of Spinning and Knitting being disused, Partington, 88.
- supersedes Spinning by Women and Children, Simeon, 360.
- Progress of, in Foreign Nations, will soon prevent our competing with them, Earl Stanhope, 277.
Machines, Thrashing. (See Thrashing Machines.)
Magistrates too often take part with Paupers, Simeon, 366.
Maidenhead. (See Cookham.)
Maidingley, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 404. 405.
Malmesbury, Acres of Land in, Pollen, 63.
- Articles of Life, Fall in Price of, in last Ten Years, Pollen, 68.
- Cheese, Fall in Price of, Pollen, 69. 71.
- Common inclosed, and Allotments to Poor in, Demainbray, 34.
- Cottagers improved in Condition from having small Allotments, Pollen, 66.
- Cottages in, Rent of, paid out of Poor Rates, Pollen, 70.
- Cottages, Rent of them high, Pollen, 65. 66.
- - Parcels of Ground added to them, and best Mode of cultivating them, Pollen, 69.
- - none newly built by Landowner, Pollen, 70.
- Dairy Farms, Produce of-decreased in last Three Years, Pollen, 71.
- Ditching, Price paid for, Pollen, 71.
- Draining Land, Farmers cannot now afford, Pollen, 71.
- Food of Labourers, Pollen, 68.
- Hedging and Ditching, Price of, Pollen, 67.
- Inclosure, Pollen, 63.
- Irish Cattle, Importation of, Pollen, 71.
- Land allotted to the Poor in, has been the Means of reducing Poor Rates, Demainbray, 34.
- - of the worst Description, cultivated to Advantage by the Poor, Quantity to each and Rent of it, Demainbray, 34.
- Labourers, Food of, Pollen, 68.
- - Manure from Pig, and from Scrapings of Road, Pollen, 70.
- - Expence of carting Manure, Pollen, 65.
- - married and single, different Conduct of Magistrates to, Pollen, 67.
- - Reform of their Habits, by having Allotments of Land, Pollen, 63.
- - Number of, employed by Farmers, not increased from Fail in Rents, Pollen, 6.
- Poor Rates in 1819 and 1830, Pollen, 63.
- Poor Rates in, reduced, and Amount of in 1819 and 1830, Demainbray, 34.
- Population of, Pollen, 63.
- Rent of Land, Pollen, 68.
- - raised, Pollen, 68 to 70.
- Rent, Reduction of, Pollen, 68.
- Rent of Land for Spade Husbandry, Pollen, 65.
- Spade Husbandry preferable to keeping a Cow, Pollen, 64.
- - Rent of Land for, Pollen, 65.
- - Success of, in a Ten Years Trial, Pollen, 63 to 65.
- - produces One Fourth more than Farm Husbandry, Pollen, 70.
- Wages of Labour, Pollen, 63.
- - and Reduction of, in last Ten Years, Pollen, 67.
- Wives and Children, Employment of, in Lace-making, Pollen, 69.
Malt Tax, if taken off, would be an Advantage to Labourer, Hodges,
Spooner,
21.
209.
Malt, Candles and Soap, cheaper in 1797 than now, Hodges, 24.
Malthus, his Doctrine respecting the comparative Rate of Progression of Population and Production is questionable, Bacon, 160. 168.
Malthusian and Sadlerian Systems, as to Country being overpeopled, Becher, 293.
Manufacturers Capital instead of Premises should be rated for Support of Poor, Earl Stanhope, 278. 279.
Manure, Road-scraping and Pig, Demainbray,
Pollen,
Wells,
35.
70.
142.
- Expence of carting, Pollen, 65.
- Nettles, the best for Potatoes, Estcourt, 370.
- from London, Facilities and Advantages of, Sherborn,
Faithful,
110 to 112.
350.
- in North, Grey, 177. 178.
Maplebeck, Agricultural Families in, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Marden, Number of Persons relieved in, Slaney, 202.
Marriages, early, Partington,
Foulis,
Harrison,
Wells,
Whateley,
Barton,
Faithful,
Estcourt,
80. 85. 86. 89. 99.
95.
117. 120.
141.
205.
241. 242.
258.
352.
372.
- - as to Regulation for Discouragement of, Partington, 89.
- improvident, are caused by Allowances out of Poor Rates, according to Number of Children, Partington,
Foulis,
80.
95.
- - and Remedy for, Partington, 99.
- - from State of Law on Bastardy, Partington, 80. 85. 86.
- not early in the North, Menseldom marry 'till they can furnish a Cottage, and buy a Cow, Grey, 173.
Marston Mortaine, Wages of Labour, and Workhouse of, Becher, 304. 305.
Marston, Acres of Land in, Beard, 4.
- Labourers in, Number of, out of Employ, Beard, 4.
- - fewer employed now than Ten Years ago, Beard, 4. 5.
- - Wages of, Beard, 4.
- Poor Rates, progressive Increase of, Beard, 4.
- - their Amount per Pound on the Rack Rent, and Increase in Ten Years, Beard, 4.
- Population of, Beard, 4. 5.
- Produce of Grass Land has fallen in Price 25 per Cent. in last Three Years, Beard, 5.
Master and Labourer, Confidence between, in the North, Grey, 174. 175.
- Evils of interposing Authority of Magistrate between, Estcourt, 378.
Masters and Workmen, in Nottinghamshire, Differences between, in 1812 and 1819, Becher, 311. 312.
Mauldon, Wages of Labour, and Workhouse of, Becher, 304. 305.
Melbourn,
Meldreth, relative to State of Poor in,
Pym, 398. 399.
Melkridge, Number of Persons relieved in, Slaney, 203.
Mendip, Land let to Poor in Allotments, and Rent paid for, Bp. Bath & Wells, 223.
- Rewards paid for first and second best Crops under Spade Labour, Bp. Bath & Wells, 223.
- Spade Husbandry, Rent of Land used for it, and its Produce, Bp. Bath & Wells, 223.
Midhurst, Acres of Land in, Wardroper, 127.
- Capital, Profit Farmers ought to make and have made on it, Cameron, 135. 136.
- - original Want of, prevents Employ of sufficient Labourers, Cameron, 134. 135.
- - of Farmers is diminishing, Cameron, 136. 137.
- Charities in, is an Inducement for People to settle there, Wardroper, 127.
- Cottages, Rent of, Wardroper, 129.
- - by whom owned, Wardroper, 129.
- - with Gardens, Rent of, Cameron, 137.
- County Rate, Increase of, Cameron, 137.
- Highway Rate, Amount of, in the Pound, Wardroper, 130.
- Inclosure of Land in, Wardroper,
Cameron,
129.
138.
- Labourers with 18s. Wages per Week receive Assistance from Poor Rates in, Cameron, 137. 138.
- - Scale of increased Allowances to them in lower Rape Division of the Rape of Chichester, Wardroper, 128. 130.
Midhurst, Labourers are employed on Roads in, Wardroper, 128.
- - few employed by Farmers, Wardroper, 128. 129.
- - on Mr. Poyntz's Estate allowed to plant Potatoes Rent-free in new Plantation,and Success of this, Cameron, 132. 133.
- Land, Inclosure of, Wardroper, 129.
- - uncultivated, in, Wardroper, 129.
- - Value of, in, Cameron, 135.
- - Produce of, Cameron, 135.
- Parish Relief, Number of Persons receiving, Wardroper, 128.
- permanent Overseer in, Wardroper, 129.
- Poor Rates of, in 1829, Wardroper, 127. 130.
- Poor Rate Payers, Number of, Wardroper, 127.
- Population, Wardroper, 127. 131.
- Produce, if increased in Price, would promote Demand for Labour, Cameron, 136.
- Rent, Reduction of, would not produce an increased Demand for Labour, Cameron, 136.
- Rental of, Wardroper, 127.
- Road Employment creates great Dissatisfaction, Wardroper, 130.
- Valuation of, Wardroper, 127.
- Wages, Rate of, in last Years of the War, Wardroper, 130.
- - and Parish Allowance, Wardroper, 128. 131.
- - to single Men, Wardroper, 128. 131.
- - Difference not made up from Poor Rates, Cameron, 134. 136.
- Workhouse, and Number of Poor in, Wardroper, 128.
Middle Marsh, the Inclosure of it prevented by the Expence - Prevalence of Rot in Sheep in consequence, Dawson, 265.
Mile End, Old and New Towns, Payments to Poor in, Walker, 103.
Militia, Men drawn for, should be allowed to appeal to nearest Deputy Lieutenant, Ximenes, 434.
Militiamen's Families, as to their Title to Relief, Becher, 327.
Millbrook, Wages of Labour, and Workhouse, Becher, 304. 305.
Milton, State of Poor in Parish of, Pym, 404. 405.
Mitcham, Articles of Life not fallen in proportion to Wages, Chick, 74.
- Bear Lane 'Workhouse, and Rate at which Poor farmed in, Chick, 73.
- Cottages, Rent of, Chick, 73.
- Gravel-digging, Chick, 72.
- Houses not rated to Poor Rates, Chick, 73.
- Labour, Decrease in Value of, as compared with Price of Provisions, Chick, 74.
- Labourers, fewer employed in consequence of Fall in Price of Provisions, Chick, 74.
- Poor Rates, from 1828 to 1830, Amount of, Chick, 73.
- - Appeal against, by Mr. Dagleish, Chick, 73. 74.
- Population, Chick, 72.
- Rent of Land for Physic Gardens, Chick, 74.
- Rent of Land out of Lease reduced, and more Labourers employed, Chick, 75.
- Valuation of Parish of, in 1817, Chick, 73.
- Wages of Labourers, Chick, 72.
- Wages, Scale of, for Paupers, Chick, 72.
- Working Classes, Number of, out of Employ, Chick, 72.
(See Currency - Circulating Medium.)
Monetary System of this Country must be altered to afford efficient Relief to Labourers, Spooner, 213.
- how to be amended, Spooner, 219.
Money, Danger of giving Parishes or Landlords Power to borrow, in any Case, Earl Stanhope, 272. 273.
Mowing, Wages paid for, Dawson, 266.
Muskham, North, Agricultural Families in, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Muskham, South, Agricultural Families in, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
N.
Necessaries of Life used by Labourers, Fall in Price of, in last Ten Years, Hodges,
Holloway,
Pollen,
Chick,
Sherborn,
Faithful,
21.
44. 46.
68.
74.
110. 112.
353.
- not fallen in proportion to Wages, Chick, 74.
Nettles are a good Manure for Potatoes, Estcourt, 370.
New Forest, Waste Lands in Part of, may be profitably cultivated, Chapman, 421.
(See Labour, Expence of, per Acre.)
Newark, Average Cost of Cultivation near, Becher, 320.
Newton, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 410. 411.
Nolan's Opinion on Emigration, Becher, 311.
- Opinion as to Number of Magistrates that should order Relief to Poor, Becher, 328.
- Poor Laws, Becher, 325.
(See Wheat, Produce of, per Acre.)
Norfolk, Produce of Wheat per Acre in, Bacon, 159.
- Disbursements of Eight Parishes in, for Wages of Labour out of Poor Rates, Bacon, 161. 162.
(See Kirk Newton.)
North of England, great Quantity of barren Waste Lands in, only fit for Sheep Walks, Barton, 247.
North Marden, uncultivated State of, Barton, 247.
Northiam, Number of Persons relieved in, Slaney, 202.
(See Hinds - Kirk Newton.)
Northumberland, Bondagers in, what, Dawson, 263.
- Coals, Price of, in, Dawson, 262.
- Cottagers in, how supplied with Hay and Pasturage for Cow,- Dawson, 264.
- Labourers Children, and Women, employed at the same sort of Work as done by Men in Lincolnshire, Dawson, 262.
- Poor better off in, than in Lincolnshire, Dawson, 262.
- Poor, Church Collections for, on Sundays, and Benefits of this, Dawson, 262. 263.
- Wages of Labour, how paid in, Dawson, 263.
Norwell, Agricultural Families in, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Norwell Woodhouse, Agricultural Families in, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Norwich, Trade of, fluctuating, Bacon, 167.
Notes, Scotch 1£. withdrawing of, would be a great Inconvenience to Agriculturists, Grey, 181. 182.
(See Southwell.)
Nottinghamshire, Emigration of 200 Persons from, to Algoa Bay, in Africa, in 1819, and Subscription for it, Becher, 309. 312. 313.
- Emigration from, to France, of Persons who carried Manufactures with them, in 1819, Becher, 312.
- Friendly Societies, Number of Members in, in Nottinghamshire and Sussex, Becher, 295.
- Irish Labourers assist in getting in Harvest in, Becher, 307.
- Labour, Cost of, per Acre in, Becher, 308.
- Lace Machinery, Invention of, Becher, 312.
- Lace Machines, Price of, Becher, 312.
- - Pay of Workmen at, Becher, 312.
- Landlords in, have been the last to raise their Rents, and the first to reduce them, Becher, 308.
- Leases, few granted to Farmers in, Becher, 308.
- Masters and Workmen in, Differences between, in 1812 and 1819, Becher, 311. 312.
- Neil's Farm, Cost of Cultivation, per Acre, on it, Becher, 319.
- pauperized considerably in 1812 and 1819, Becher, 309.
- Rents, Reduction of, in, Becher, 319.
- - where they are too high, permanent Abatement ought to be made, Becher, 320.
- Subscription of 6,000£ to relieve distressed Artificers in, Becher, 312.
- Task Work in, Becher, 306.
Nottinghamshire and Sussex, Comparative Statement of Expenditure on account of the Poor in, Becher, 296. 297.
- their comparative Means to support Agricultural Labour, Becher, 293. 308.
- different Management of Poor in, Becher, 306.
- Rental of Land in, Becher, 300.
- relative Value and Condition of, Becher, 300. 301.
- Comparative Statement of Expenditure in, on account of the Poor, Becher, 297.
- Labour, Cost of, per Acre, in, Becher, 301.
- Parkinson's Opinion of the Quality of Land in, Becher, 301.
O.
Oakington, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 404. 405.
Ollerton, Agricultural Families in, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Ompton, Agricultural Families in, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Orton, Number of Persons relieved in, Slaney, 203.
Orwell, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 400. 401.
Ossington, Agricultural Families in, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Over, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 404. 405.
Overseer. (See Permanent Overseer.)
- Advantages of giving Directions to, as to Duties, from Home Office, instead of from Magistrates, Simeon, 363.
- Assistant, indispensable, Becher, 290.
- Annual, of Lenham, Harrison, 116.
- frequent Change of, is a Disadvantage, Pym, 385.
- permanent, Difficulties in appointing of, Simeon, 360.
Overseers are generally too lenient, Simeon, 366.
Owen, his Report on the best Means of employing the Poor in Lanark, Bacon, 159.
- on Spade Husbandry, Bacon, 184. 185.
P.
Pampisford, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 408. 409.
Paper on Emigration by Hodges, Hodges, 15. 16.
Paper Mills, Number of Persons employed in, Faithful, 352.
Papworth Agnes,
- Everard, relative to State of Poor in,
Pym, 404. 405.
Parish Accounts should be examined every Month, Becher, 290.
Parish Books, Forms for keeping, Slaney,
Becher,
Faithful,
200. 204.
336.
340. 341.
Parish Charities should be faithfully applied, Becher, 290.
Parish Employment, Conditions of its being granted, Faithful, 354.
Parish Expenditure of Cookham for weekly and occasional Relief from 1824 to 1830-31, Whateley, 227. 231 to 233.
Parish Funds, as to placing them under the Controul of Parishioners only, without Appeal to Magistrates, Estcourt, 378.
Parish Rates should be signed by Parish Officers only, Becher, 333.
Parish Relief, proposed Register for regulating, Form of, Becher, 287.
- Ease of getting, leads to great Distress, Partington, 79.
- none granted in Hatfield, except in Cases of Sickness, Faithful, 337. 338.
- - and only in Provisions and Necessaries, Faithful, 338.
- Number of Persons receiving, in Midhurst, Wardroper, 128.
- Scale of, in Weston, Wells, 140.
Parish Roads, Extent of, and Number of Labourers employed on, in Hatfield, Faithful, 347.
Parishes should find Employ, but of laborious and servile Description, for Poor, Becher, 288.
Parkinson's Opinion of the Quality of Land in Sussex and Nottinghamshire, Becher, 301.
Pauperism and Poverty are nearly extinguished in Thurgaton, Becher, 308.
Paupers, Removal of, under 35 Geo. 3, Becher, 326. 327.
- Non-resident, should be relieved with Caution, Becher, 288.
- - of Benenden not relieved by Poor Rates, Hodges, 17.
- Impolicy of Contracts to maintain, Becher, 286.
- employed in drawing Carts, Bp. Bath & Wells,
Earl Stanhope,
225.
271.
- should be maintained by their Relations, if able, Becher, 288.
- in Cranfield are set to work on the Roads for the sake of employing them, Beard, 12.
- in Sickness, how relieved in Hatfield, Faithful, 354.
- in Whitchurch, Allowances to, on account of Families, Simeon, 357. 365.
Payments of Wages in Kind, Advantages of, Grey, 179.
Penny Club, for clothing the Poor, Advantages of, Whateley, 239. 242.
People, Condition of, improved, Estcourt, 367. 368.
- Moral Character of, has been much injured by Aggregation of small into large Farms, Bacon, 169.
Perlethorpe, Agricultural Families in, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
(See Overseer.)
Permanent Overseer, Difficulties in appointing, Simeon, 360.
- contributes to diminish Appeals, Partington, 90.
- of Bardney, Foulis, 93.
- of Cookham, Whateley, 239.
- of Hamsey, Partington, 90.
- in some Parishes of Lambeth Street Police District, Walker, 104.
- of Lenham, Harrison, 116.
- of Midhurst, Wardroper, 129.
- of Shipley, Holloway, 39.
Pigs given to Labourers in Hoggeston, Earl Stanhope, 269.
Pitt's Speech on the Poor Laws, Becher, 332.
Plan to improve the Condition of the Poor, Bp. Bath & Wells, 225.
- for preventing Abuses of the Poor Laws in the Southern Districts, Slaney, 195. 200.
Poachers attack Lord Kensington's Property, Bacon, 184.
Poaching, no Catholic has been guilty of that Offence at Cossey, Bacon, 183.
Poor, Statutes for the Relief of, Becher, 328. 329.
- Relief granted to, by way of Loan, under 59 G. 3, c. 12, s. 29, Becher, 288.
- Condition of, deteriorated, Wells, 151. 152.
- Comforts of, diminished, Foulis, 93.
- Means of improving Condition of, Estcourt, 378.
- demoralized by Non-residence of Clergy, Bacon, 183.
- are supported in Southwell by regular Employment, Becher, 308.
- Advantages of cheap Clothing for, and Cost of, Whateley,
Becher,
243.
332.
(See Chandlers Shops.)
- suffer from the exorbitant Demands of Retail Dealers, Earl Stanhope, 270.
- Morals and Habits of, how affected by Beer Shops, Wells, 153.
(See Spade Labour - Location - and Emigration.)
- having Land, better off than others, Wetherell, 55.
- Management of, in Cookham, Whateley, 240.
- - in Byfield, in 1830, Wetherell, 60 to 62.
- should not be dependent on Parish Relief, Slaney, 198.
- Employment of, by Parish, Becher, 289.
- Proposed Alteration in 36 G.3, relative to suspended Orders of Removal, Becher, 332. 333.
- Condition and State of, in Thurgaton, Becher, 292.
- - in Alford improved by Spade Labour, Dawson, 263.
- in London. (See London.)
- - Employ of, Fluctuations in it, Walker, 105.
- casual, Mode of Relief to, Walker,
Faithful,
106 to 108.
355.
(See Workhouse.)
Poorhouse in Broad Somerford, Demainbray, 38.
Poor Land, Six hundred Acres of, in Hamsey, Partington, 82. 83.
- in Byfield, to whom let, Wetherell, 59.
Poor Laws, original Intention of, was to grant Relief to the aged and impotent, Pym, 383.
- are a Bounty on Improvidence, Pym, 386.
- Report of House of Commons on, in 1817, Slaney,
Becher,
199.
286.
- - in 1828, Slaney, 187.
- Mal-administration of, demoralizes the Poor, Earl of Winchilsea, 205.
- - in Berry Pomeroy, Walker, 102.
- Abuses of, in the Southern Districts, and its Effects on the Condition of Labourers, Slaney, 187.
- Effect of, on Labour, Pym, 391. 394.
- instances of Abuses in Administration of, Simeon, 363.
- as to providing for able-bodied Labourers, Pym, 383.
- as to Amendment of, Faithful, 356.
- Amendment of, might prevent the Necessity of Emigration, Estcourt, 378.
- tend to encourage improvident Marriages, Partington,
Foulis,
Pym,
80.
95.
383.
- have deteriorated the Condition of working Tradespeople, Grey, 177.
- Rate Payers and Poor are satisfied with Administration of, in Hatfield, Faithful, 354.
Poor Laws, Intimidation exercised by Paupers over Overseers in Administration of, Simeon, 363.
- if established in Ireland, would be a great Benefit to England, in keeping the Irish Labourer at Home, Hodges, 22. 23. 26.
- improved Administration of, has prevented Poor throwing themselves on the Parish, and improved their Condition, Walker, 106.
- Eden on the, Becher, 283.
- their Operation is an Hindrance to Employment of Labour, Pym, 391. 393. 394.
Poor Rates, Beard,
Hodges,
Holloway,
Wetherell,
Pollen,
Chick,
Foulis,
Walker,
Turner,
Wardroper,
Harrison,
Sherborn,
Wells,
Grey,
Slaney,
Whateley,
Barton,
Dawson,
Earl Stanhope,
Becher,
Faithful,
Simeon,
Estcourt,
Pym,
Ximenes,
13.
19.
39. 40. 44. 48.
52 to 54.
63.
73. 74.
91. 94. 95.
101 to 108.
113.
127. 130.
117.
108.
140. 145. 146.
175. 179.
187. 192 to 195. 202 to 204.
245.
245.
257.
269.
283. 288. 291. 321.
337. 345. 354.
358. 359.
367. 371.
387.396 to 415.
431.
- increased, Beard, 4. 11. 12.
- Decrease of, Demainbray,
Foulis,
Walker,
Faithful,
Estcourt,
Becher,
Whateley,
34.
96.
101. 102. 106.
345.
367.
283.
239. 240.
- Table of Parishes incorporated to support a Workhouse, under Gilbert's Act, showing the Decrease of Poor Rates from 1823 to 1830, Becher, 321. 322.
- Summonses for Nonpayment of, Walker, 105.
- Amount per Pound, in Cranfield, on the Rack Rent, and Increase of, in Ten Years, Beard, 4.
- are levied principally on Agricultural Property, Partington, 83. 84.
- not levied on Land let to Poor, Wetherell, 53.
- Colquhoun's Account of, in 1812, Bacon, 162.
- where highest, Poor are worst off, and Causes of this, Simeon, 358. 359.
- able-bodied Labourers should not have Allowances out of, Becher, 291.
- Persons withdrawn from being a Burthen on, by Allotments of Land, in some instances, Demainbray, 34.
- Allowances to Children out of, Slaney, 187.
- in Alford, now and formerly, Dawson, 257.
- in Bedfont, Amount of, in last Four Years, Sherborn, 108.
- in Berks, from 1813 to 1829, Whateley, 230.
- in Cookham and Maidenhead, Amount of, from 1812 to 1830, prior and subsequent to Select Vestry, Whateley, 227. 230.
- low in Kirk Newton, Grey, 175.
- in Midhurst, in 1829, Wardroper, 127. 130.
- in Malmesbury, reduced by allotting Land to Poor, and Amount of, in 1819 and 1830, Demainbray, 34.
- - in 1818 and 1830, Pollen, 63.
- in Mitcham, Houses not rated to, Chick, 73.
- Amount of, in last Four Years, in Shipley, Holloway, 39. 40. 42.
- Amount of, in Southwell, in 1813, 1814 and 1815, and from 1821 to 1830-reduced in Four Years Seventy-five per Cent. Becher, 283.
- reduced by Spade Labour, Chapman, 423.
- Amount of, in Hatfield, reduced by denying Relief to all Persons out of Workhouse, Faithful, 337.
- - in last Eleven Years, Faithful, 337.
- Number of Persons relieved by, in certain Parishes, Slaney, 195. 202. 203.
Poor Rates in Counties South of a Line drawn from Gloucester to Hull, generally, Wages of Labour, Allowances to Children, and Rent, of Cottages are paid out of Poor Rates, Slaney, 187.
- reduced of late Years in North, Grey, 179.
- in the North, more Tradesmen than Agriculturists upon, Grey, 179.
Poor Rates and Population, Comparison of, in Eight Northern and Eight Southern Counties, Slaney, 195. 196.
Poor Rates of Abington, Great, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Abington, Little, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Abington Pigotts, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Alverton Becher, 322.
- of Arrington, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Ashley, Pym, 414. 415.
- of Babraham, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Balsham, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Barrington, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Bartlow, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Barton, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Bassingbourn, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Bathley, Becher, 322.
- of Boro' Green, Pym, 414. 415.
- of Bottisham, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Boughton, Becher, 322.
- of Bourn, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Boxworth, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Brinkley, Pym, 414. 415.
- of Budby, Becher, 322.
- of Burwell, Pym, 412. 413.
- of Caldecot, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Carlton, Becher,
Pym,
322.
410. 411.
- of Castle Camps, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Caunton, Becher, 322.
- of Caxton, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Cherry Hinton, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Chesterton, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Childerley, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Cheveley, Pym, 414. 415.
- of Chippenham, Pym, 412. 413.
- of Collingham, Becher, 322.
- of Comberton, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Connington, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Cotham Becher, 322.
- of Cottenham, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Cromwell, Becher, 322.
- of Croxton, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Croydon cum Clapton, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Dry Drayton, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Dullingham, Pym, 414. 415.
- of Duxford, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Eakering, Becher, 322.
- of East Hatley, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Edwinstowe, Becher, 322.
- of Egmanton, Becher, 322.
- of Elsworth, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Elstow, Becher, 304. 305.
- of Eltisley, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Eversden, Great, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Eversden, Little, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Fen Ditton, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Fen Drayton, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Flintham, Becher, 322.
- of Flitwich, Becher, 304. 305.
- of Fordham, Pym, 412. 413.
- of Foulmire, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Foxton, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Fulbourn, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Gamlingay, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Girton, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Gransden, Little, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Grassthorpe, Becher, 322.
- of Grantchester, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Graveley, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Guilden Morden, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Halloughton, Becher, 322.
- of Haltwhistle, Slaney, 203.
- of Hardwicke, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Harlton, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Harston, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Haslingfield, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Hatley St. George, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Hauxton, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Hildersham, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Hinxton, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Histon, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Hocherton, Becher, 322.
- of Holme, Becher, 322.
- of Horningsea, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Horseheath, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Houghton Conquest, Becher, 304. 305.
- of Hoveringham, Becher, 322.
- of Ickleton, Pym, 412. 413.
- of Impington, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Isleham, Pym, 412. 413.
- of Kelham, Becher, 322.
- of Kempston, Becher, 304. 305.
- of Kennett, Pym, 412. 413.
- of Kilvington, Becher, 322.
- of Kingston, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Kirkby Lonsdale, Slaney, 203.
Poor Rates of Kirklington, Becher, 322.
- of Kirtling, Pym, 414. 415.
- of Knapwell, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Kneesal, Becher, 322.
- of Kneesworth, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Landwade, Pym, 412. 413.
- of Langford, Becher, 322.
- of Laxton, Becher, 322.
- of Lidlington, Becher, 304. 305.
- of Linton, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Lolworth, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Longstanton All Saints, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Longstanton St. Michael, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Longstow, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Maidingley, Pym, 404. 407.
- of Maplebeck, Becher, 322.
- of Marstone Mortaine, Becher, 304. 305.
- of Maulden, Becher, 304. 305.
- of Melbourn, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Meldreth, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Millbrook, Becher, 304. 305.
- of Milton, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Muskham, South, Becher, 322.
- of Muskham, North, Becher, 322.
- of Newton, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Northiam, Slaney, 202.
- of Norwell, Becher, 322.
- of Norwell Woodhouse, Becher, 322.
- of Oakington, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Ollerton, Becher, 322.
- of Ompton, Becher, 322.
- of Orwell, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Ossington, Becher, 322.
- of Over, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Rampton, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Ravenstonedale, Slaney, 203.
- of Ridgmount, Becher, 304. 305.
- of Rolleston, Becher, 322.
- of Royston, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Rufford, Becher, 322.
- of Sawston, Pym, 412. 413.
- of Screveton, Becher, 322.
- of Shelford, Great, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Shelford, Little, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Shepreth, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Shingray, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Shudy Camps, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Sleppingley, Becher, 304. 305.
- of Snailwell, Pym, 412. 413.
- of Soham, Pym, 414. 415.
- of Stapleford, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Staythorpe, Becher, 322.
- of Steeple Morden, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Stretchworth, Pym, 414. 415.
- of Stoke East, Becher, 322.
- of Stow cum Quy, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Sutton upon Trent, Becher, 322.
- of Swaffham Bulbeck, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Swaffham Prior, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Swavesey, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Syerston, Becher, 322.
- of Tadlow, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Thorpe, Becher, 322.
- of Thriplow, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Toft, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Trumpington, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Upton, Becher, 322.
- of Walesby, Becher, 322.
- of Wargrave Ximenes, 431.
- of Waterbeach, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Wellow, Becher, 322.
- of Wendy, Pym, 398. 399.
- of West Wratting, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Westley, Pym, 414. 415.
- of Weston, Becher, 322.
- of Weston Colville, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Whaddon, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Whittlesford, Pym, 412. 413.
- of Wicken, Pym, 414. 415.
- of Wilbraham, Great, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Wilbraham, Little, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Willingham, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Wimpole, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Winkburn, Becher, 322.
- of Winthorpe, Becher, 322.
- of Woodditton, Pym, 414. 415.
- of Wragley, Foulis, 91. 94. 95.
Poplar, Payments to Poor in Parish of Walker, 103.
Population, Increase and Superabundance of, Wells, 152.
- how far proportioned to Employment, Becher, 293.
- ought not to be interfered with, either to retard or stimulate it, Slaney, 193.
- Increase of, desirable if Labour can be profitably employed, Slaney, 193.
- local Excess of, arises from Machinery, Spooner, 213.
- might be beneficially employed, if Circulating Medium increased, Spooner, 216.
- whether redundant is doubtful, Spooner,
Earl Stanhope,
213. 217.
276. 277.
- redundant only as confined to Space, and Remedy for, Bacon, 155.
Population, redundant, none in Cambridgeshire, Pym, 391. 393.
- - Remedies for, Slaney, 194.
- - Mode of giving fresh Employment to, Slaney, 188.
- - where bad System of Poor Laws is prevalent, Slaney, 191.
- - Malthus and Sadler, their Systems as to the Country being over-peopled, Becher, 293.
- in the Midland Counties is not sufficient to get in Harvest without Irish and Welch Labourers, Spooner, 207.
- more numerous in Nottinghamshire than Sussex, Becher, 307.
- Excess of in Sussex. Barton, 246.
- of Whitchurch, much increased by Bastardy Laws, Simeon, 362.
- of Abington, Great, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Abington, Little, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Abington Pigott's, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Alford, Dawson, 257.
- of Allcannings, Slaney, 202.
- of Alverton, Becher, 322.
- of Arrington, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Ashington, Slaney, 202.
- of Ashley, Pym,
Estcourt,
414. 415.
368.
- of Ashurst, Slaney, 202.
- of Aston Clinton, Slaney, 203.
- of Babraham, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Balsam, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Bampton, Slaney, 203.
- of Bardney, Foulis, 90. 91.
- of Barrington, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Bartlow, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Barton, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Baschurch, Slaney, 203.
- of Bassingbourn, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Bathley, Becher, 322.
- of Bedfont, Sherborn, 108. 110.
- of Beetham, Slaney, 203.
- of Benenden, Hodges, 22.
- of Bishop's Cannings, Estcourt, 368.
- of Boro' Green, Pym, 414. 415.
- of Bottisham, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Boughton, Becher, 322.
- of Bourn, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Boxworth, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Brede, Slaney, 202.
- of Brinkley, Pym, 414. 415.
- of Broad Somerford, Demainbray, 36.
- of Budby, Becher, 322.
- of Burton, Slaney, 203.
- of Burwell, Pym, 412. 413.
- of Byfield, Wetherell, 53.
- of Caldecott, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Carleton, Becher,
Pym,
322.
410. 411.
- of Carham, Slaney, 203.
- of Castle Camps, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Camton, Becher, 322.
- of Caxton, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Cherry Hinton, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Chesterton, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Cheveley, Pym, 414. 415.
- of Childerley, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Chippenham, Pym, 412. 413.
- of Churton, Slaney, 202.
- of Collingham, South, Becher, 322.
- of Comberton, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Connington, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Cookham and Maidenhead, Whateley, 227. 242.
- of Cotham, Becher, 322.
- of Cottenham Pym, 402. 403.
- of Cranfield, Beard, 3.
- of Cromwell, Becher, 322.
- of Croxton, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Croydon cum Clapton, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Dry Drayton, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Dullingham, Pym, 414. 415.
- of Duxford, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Eakering, Becher, 322.
- of East Hatley, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Edwinstow, Becher, 322.
- of Egmanton, Becher, 322.
- of Elsworth, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Elstow, Becher, 304. 305.
- of Eltisley, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Etchilhampton, Slaney, 202.
- of Eversden, Great, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Eversden, Little, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Ewhurst, Slaney, 202.
- of Farnhurst, Cameron, 131.
- of Fen Ditton, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Fen Drayton, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Fitz, Slaney, 203.
- of Flintham, Becher, 322.
- of Flitwick, Becher, 304. 305.
- of Fordham, Pym, 412. 413.
- of Foulmire, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Foxton, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Fulbourn, Pym, 400. 401.
Population of Gamlingay, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Girton, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Goring, Simeon, 359.
- of Gransden, Little, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Grassthorpe, Becher, 322.
- of Grantchester, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Graveley, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Great Horwood, Slaney, 203.
- of Great Ness, Slaney, 203.
- of Guilden Morden, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Halloughton, Becher, 322.
- of Haltwhistle, Slaney, 203.
- of Hamsay, Partington, 80. 89.
- of Hardwicke, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Harlton, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Harston, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Haslingford, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Hatfield, Faithful, 339. 352.
- of Hatley St. George, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Hauxton, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Henshaw, Slaney, 203.
- of Hildersham, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Hinxton, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Histon, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Hockerton, Becher, 322.
- of Hoggeston, Earl Stanhope, 269.
- of Holme, Becher, 322.
- of Hordley, Slaney, 203.
- of Horningsea, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Horseheath, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Houghton Conquest, Becher, 304. 305.
- of Hoveringham, Becher, 322.
- of Ickleton, Pym, 412. 413.
- of Impington, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Isleham, Pym, 412. 413.
- of Kelham, Becher, 322.
- of Kempston, Becher, 304. 305.
- of Kennett, Pym, 412. 413.
- of Kilvington, Becher, 322.
- of Kingston, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Kirkby Lonsdale, Slaney, 203.
- of Kirkhaugh, Slaney, 203.
- of Kirklington, Becher, 322.
- of Kirk Newton, Grey, 175. 180.
- of Kirtling, Pym, 414. 415.
- of Knapwell, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Kneesal, Becher, 322.
- of Kneesworth, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Lambeth Street Police District, London, in 1828, 1829, and 1830, Walker, 103.
- of Landwade, Pym, 412. 413.
- of Langford, Becher, 322.
- of Lenham, Harrison, 116.
- of Lidlington, Becher, 304. 305.
- of Linton, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Lolworth, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Longstanton All Saints, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Longstanton St. Michael, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Longstow, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Loppington, Slaney, 203.
- of Maidingley, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Maplebeck, Becher, 322.
- of Malmesbury, Pollen, 63.
- of Mardon, Slaney, 202.
- of Marston, Beard, 4. 5.
- of Marstone Mortain, Becher, 305.
- of Maulden, Becher, 304. 305.
- of Melbourne, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Meldreth, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Melkridge, Slaney, 203.
- of Midhurst, Wardroper, 127. 131.
- of Milbrook, Becher, 304. 305.
- of Milton, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Mitcham, Chick, 72.
- of Muskham, Becher, 322.
- of Muskham, North, Becher, 322.
- of Newton, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Northiam, Slaney, 202.
- of Norwell, Becher, 322.
- of Norwell Woodhouse, Becher, 322.
- of Oakington, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Ollerton, Becher, 322.
- of Ompton, Becher, 322.
- of Orton, Slaney, 203.
- of Orwell, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Ossington, Becher, 322.
- of Over, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Pampisford, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Papworth Agnes, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Papworth Everard, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Perlethorpe, Becher, 322.
- of Rampton, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Ravenstonedale, Slaney, 203.
- of Redbornstoke, Becher, 306.
- of Ridgmount, Becher, 304. 305.
- of Rolleston, Becher, 322.
- of Royston, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Rufford, Becher, 322.
- of Salehurst, Slaney, 202.
- of Sawston, Pym, 412. 413.
- of Screveton, Becher, 322.
- of Shelford, Great, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Shelford, Little, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Shepreth, Pym, 400. 401.
Population of Shingay, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Shipley, Holloway, 38.
- of Shipton Moyne, Estcourt, 368. 372.
- of Shrawardine, Slaney, 203.
- of Shudy Camps, Pym, 408. 409.
- of Sleppingley, Becher, 304. 305.
- of Snailwell, Pym, 412. 413.
- of Soham, Pym, 414. 415.
- of Sompting, Turner, 113.
- of Southwell, Becher, 305.
- of Stapleford, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Staythorpe, Becher, 322.
- of Steeple Morden, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Stert, Slaney, 203.
- of Stechworth, Pym, 414. 415.
- of Stoke East, Becher, 322.
- of Stone, Slaney, 203.
- of Stoughton, Barton, 245.
- of Stow cum Quy, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Stratford, Manchester, Walker, 100.
- of Sutton upon Trent, Becher, 322.
- of Swanbourn, Slaney, 203.
- of Swaffham Bulbeck, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Swaffham Prior, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Swavesey, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Syerston, Becher, 322.
- of Tadlow, Pym, 398. 399.
- of Thornborough, Slaney, 203.
- of Thorpe, Becher, 322.
- of Thirlwall, Slaney, 203.
- of Thriplow, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Thurgaton, Becher, 292.
- of Toft, Pym, 406. 407.
- of Trumpington, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Upton, Becher, 322.
- of Urchfont, Slaney, 202.
- of Walesby, Becher, 322.
- of Wargrave, Ximenes, 433.
- of Waterbeach, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Wellow, Becher, 322.
- of Wells, Bp. Bath & Wells, 224.
- of Wendy, Pym, 398. 399.
- of West Grinstead, Slaney, 202.
- of West Wratting, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Westley, Pym, 414. 415.
- of Weston, Nottinghamshire, Becher, 322.
- of Weston, Sussex, Wells, 139.
- of Weston Colville, Pym, 410. 411.
- of Whaddon, Slaney,
Pym,
203.
398. 399.
- of Whitchurch, Simeon, 359. 364.
- of White Waltham, Whateley, 245.
- of Whittlesford, Pym, 412. 413.
- of Wicken, Pym, 414. 415.
- of Wilbraham, Great, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Wilbraham, Little, Pym, 402. 403.
- of Willingham, Pym, 404. 405.
- of Wimpole, Pym, 400. 401.
- of Winkburn, Becher, 322.
- of Winthorpe, Becher, 322.
- of Woodditton, Pym, 414. 415.
- of Wragby, Foulis, 91.
Portland, Duke of, his Farm, Becher, 298. 307.
Potatoes, Price of, in Alford, Dawson, 261.
- set in Headlands of Fields by Labourers, Whateley, 241.
- Labourers in North used to have Permission to plant, in Farmers Ground - this now altered, Grey, 178.
- Rewards for good Crops of, under Spade Labour, Estcourt, 369.
- Nettles a good Manure for, Estcourt, 372.
- and Corn, sold to Labourers at reduced Prices by Farmers, Sherborn, 109.
Price of Articles purchased by Labourers reduced in last Twelve Years, Hodges, 21.
Produce, should be extended relatively with Population, Bacon, 156.
- if increased in Price, would promote Demand for Labour, Cameron, 136.
- of Grass Land fallen 25 per Cent. in the last Three Years Beard, 5.
Property, Real. (See Real Property.)
Protestant Population of Cossey, their Morality compared with that of Catholics, and as affected by Non-residence of Clergyman, Bacon, 183.
(See Food-Necessaries.)
Provisions, reduced Price of, has improved Condition of Poor, Faithful, 353.
- for Workhouses, how they should be purchased, Becher, 286.
Public Houses, as to Regulation of, Becher, 289.
R.
Radcliffe on Trent, Acres of Land in, Estcourt, 376.
- Poor Rates, Amount of, in the Pound, Estcourt, 376.
Radcliffe on Trent, Poor Rates, Expenditure for, from September 1829 to, September 1830, Estcourt, 376.
- Population of, Estcourt, 376.
Rampton, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 404. 405.
Rate of Labour per Acre. (See Labour, Expence of, per Acre.) Pym, 404, 405.
Rates on Land let to Cottagers paid by Landlord, Demainbray, 32.
Ravenstonedale, Number of Persons relieved in, Slaney, 203.
Real Property, a Simplification and Clearance of Titles to, recommended as a Measure to facilitate Employment of Poor, Slaney, 189.
Redbornstoke Hundred, Comparison between it and Parish of Southwell in Population, Rental, Number of Labourers, &c. Becher, 306.
- Rental of, Becher, 306.
- Synopsis of Results of Queries to the Overseers of the several Parishes within the Hundred of, Becher, 303 to 306.
Redundant Population. (See Population.)
Rent of Cottages. (See Cottages.)
Rent of Land, Beard,
Hodges,
Demainbray,
Holloway,
Pollen,
Partington,
Grey,
Pym,
11. 13.
20. 27.
37.
43.
65. 68. 69. 70.
81. 82. 87. 99.
180.
386. 390.
- increased, Beard,
Hodges,
Pollen,
Bacon,
11. 13.
20.
68 to 70.
159.
- diminished, Barton,
Becher,
Chick,
Grey,
Harrison,
Holloway,
Partington,
Wells,
Pym,
253.
319.
75.
180.
121.
40. 43. 44.
81. 82. 87. 99.
141. 145. 146.
390.
- diminished, and more Labourers employed, Chick, 75.
- where it is too high permanent Abatement ought to be made, Becher, 320.
- of late Years has been paid out of Capital, not out of Profit, Hodges, 27.
- not lowered in Cookham and Maidenhead in last Twenty Years, Whateley, 241.
- for Physic Gardens in Mitcham, Chick, 74.
- Reduction of, would not produce an increased Demand for Labour, Cameron, 136.
- - has not been followed by an increased Employ of Labourers, Partington, 87. 88.
- - has led to Employment of more Labourers in some Cases, Chick, 75.
- - will not be an immediate Relief to Labourer, Spooner, 208.
- let to Poor, Beard,
Demainbray,
Pollen,
Bp. Bath & Wells,
Earl Stanhope,
Wetherell,
5.
32. 34. 37.
65.
223.
267.
52.
Rent, Facility of collecting, as compared with the last Twelve Years, Hodges, 20.
- Diminution of, from increased
Rate of Wages,
Beard,
Holloway,
13.
47.
- of able-bodied Labourers, paid out of Poor Rates, Slaney, 187.
- and Poor Rates are paid with Difficulty in Benenden, Hodges, 27.
Rental of Alverton, Becher, 322.
- of Bathley, Becher, 322.
- of Benenden, Hodges, 19.
- of Boughton, Becher, 322.
- of Budby, Becher, 322.
- of Carlton, Becher, 322.
- of Caunton, Becher, 322.
- of Collingham, Becher, 322.
- of Cotham, Becher, 322.
- of Cromwell, Becher, 322.
- of Eakring, Becher, 322.
- of Edwinstow, Becher, 322.
- of Egmanton, Becher, 322.
- of England, Becher, 314.
- of Flintham, Becher, 322.
- of Grassthorpe, Becher, 322.
- of Halloughton, Becher, 322.
- of Holme, Becher, 322.
Rental of Hoveringham, Becher, 322.
- of Kilvington, Becher, 322.
- of Kirklington, Becher, 322.
- of Kneesal, Becher, 322.
- of Langford, Becher, 322.
- of Laxton, Becher, 322.
- of Midhurst, Wardroper, 127.
- of Muskham, North and South, Becher, 322.
- of Nottinghamshire, Becher, 300.
- of Ollerton, Becher, 322.
- of Ompting, Becher, 322.
- of Ossington, Becher, 322.
- of Perlethorpe, Becher, 322.
- of Redbornstoke, Becher, 306.
- of Screveton, Becher, 322.
- of Southwell, Becher, 322.
- of Staythorpe, Becher, 322.
- of Stoke East, Becher, 322.
- of Sussex, Becher, 300.
- of Sutton upon Trent, Becher, 322.
- of Thorpe, Becher, 322.
- of Upton, Becher, 322.
- of Wellow, Becher, 322.
- of Winkburn, Becher, 322.
- of Winthorpe, Becher, 322.
Report of House of Commons on Poor Laws, 1828, Slaney, 187.
- - 1817, recommended Three Years Residence for a Settlement in preference to Settlement by Birth, Slaney, 199.
- - in 1817, for Exposition of the 43 Eliz. c. 2, Becher, 286.
(See Chandlers Shops and Truck System.)
Retail Dealers should be regulated by Magistrates according to Wholesale Prices, Earl Stanhope, 270.
Rewards for best Crops under Spade Labour, Bp. Bath & Wells,
Estcourt,
223.
369.
Richardson's Statement of Disbursements of Eight Parishes in Norfolk for Wages of Labour, Bacon, 161. 162.
Richmond Haw Common, Waste Lands on, fit for Cultivation, Chapman, 420.
Richmond, Land let to Poor in, on Experiment, and Success of it, Demainbray, 37.
Ridgmount, Wages of Labour and Workhouse in, Becher, 304. 305.
Rigby, Dr. his Book on Holkham, Bacon, 159.
(See General Highway Act.)
Road, as to Employment of Poor in Cranfield upon, merely to keep them employed, Beard, 6. 7.
Road Labour, Simeon, 360.
Road Rate doubled in Cranfield; Beard, 12.
Road Work in the large Parishes of Lincolnshire, Foulis, 94.
- Wages paid for, in Byfield, Wetherell, 52. 57.
- in Lenham, Harrison, 117.
- in Alford, Dawson, 259.
- in Goring, Simeon, 359.
- done by Task Work, Partington, 79.
Roads in Bedfordshire in a good State, Beard, 12.
- in Sussex, yearly Expenditure on, Becher, 294.
- Employment of Labourers on, in Kent, Hodges, 17. 18.
- - in Hatfield, Faithful, 355.
- - creates great Dissatisfaction in Midhurst, Wardroper, 130.
Roads, Cross, if managed on the Principle of M Adam would afford increased Employ for the Poor, Slaney, 188.
Rodburn, Land let to Poor in, by Mr. Pollen, with what Effect, Demainbray, 34.
- Rate of Wages and Parish Allowance in, Demainbray, 34. 35.
Roegate, Applications to Magistrates for Relief from, Wardroper, 130.
Rolleston, Agricultural Families in, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Roman Catholic. (See Catholic.)
Rose's Act, 36 G. 3, c. 23, to order Relief to Paupers out of Workhouses, Becher, 329.
Roundsmen, Number of, in Bardney, Foulis, 95.
- in Hoggeston, and how paid, Earl Stanhope, 270.
- in Hatfield, Faithful, 343.
Royston, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 398. 399.
Rufford, Agricultural Families in, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
S.
Sack Manufactory at Goring, Simeon, 358.
Sadlerian and Malthusean Systems, as to Country being overpeopled, Beeher, 293.
Salehurst, Number of Persons relieved in, Slaney, 202.
Salisbury, Marquess of, Number of Labourers employed by, Faithful, 343 to 345.
Savings Banks, Interest paid by, Becher, 334. 335.
- Poor are unwilling to take Advantage of, because they feel by so doing it would be giving up their Claim on Overseer, Pym, 386.
- Amount of Deposits in, Becher, 292.
- System of Book-keeping for, Becher, 336.
- in Cookham and Maidenhead, Whateley, 229.
- in Hatfield, Amount of Deposits in, in 1830, Faithful, 349.
- in Southwell, and Deposits in, Becher, 292.
- and Friendly Societies should be provided for the Poor, Becher, 286.
Sawston, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 412. 413.
Scale of Relief paid to Labourers at Cranfield, Beard, 3. 4.
- paid to Labourers in Midhurst, Wardroper, 128.
Scarcity, Burke's Observations on, Becher, 283.
School at Cossey, Bacon, 184.
Schools of Industry, Becher, 332.
Scotch One Pound Notes, withdrawing of, a great Inconvenience to Agriculturists near the Border, Grey, 181. 182.
Scoth and Irish Labourers employed in the North in Harvest, Grey, 180.
Screveton, Agricultural Families in, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Select Vestry, Holloway,
Wetherell,
Foulis,
Walker,
Whateley,
Becher,
Faithful,
39.
54.
93.
100.
229.
287. 290.
354.
- in Bardney, Foulis, 93.
- in Cookham and Maidenhead, Whateley, 229.
- in Hatfield, Faithful, 354.
- in Lambeth Street Police District, Walker, 104.
- in Lenham, Harrison, 116.
- in Shipley, Holloway, 39.
Select Vestry Act, (Sturges Bourne's,) allows Overseers to let Plots of Land to the Poor, Wetherell, 54.
- - how far useful, Becher, 335.
- - Object of it is to limit the Power of Magistrates, Becher, 335.
- - Power over Agricultural Labourers is vested in their Employers by, Becher, 336.
Senior, Mr. his Proposition as to Wages of Labour, Becher, 293.
Servants, probable Effects of taking off the Tax on, Simeon, 364.
- in Farmhouses, Wages of, (See Wages of Labour.)
- - Number of, increased in last Ten Years, Wells, 151.
- - Number of, decreased, in Lincolnshire, Dawson, 264.
- - Mode of hiring, to prevent their becoming Parishioners, Wells,
Dawson,
Becher,
151.
263. 264.
326.
Settlement, Law of, as to altering, Foulis,
Partington,
Wells,
Bacon,
Slaney,
Dawson,
Becher,
Simeon,
Estcourt,
Pym,
96. 97.
99.
151.
166.
198. 199.
264. 265.
325. 326.
360. 361. 367.
379.
383. 388. 389.
- - prevents building of Cottages, Pym, 383.
- by Hiring and Service, and Evils thereof, Simeon,
Pym,
364. 365.
388. 389.
- by Residence would be better, Pym, 388. 389.
- of the Poor, Acts respecting, want Consolidation, Becher, 325.
- - as to the Repeal of all Acts subsequent to Fortythird of Elizabeth, for, Becher, 333.
Shelford, Great
- Little, relative to State of Poor in,
Pym, 410. 411.
Shepherd, Wages of, Turner, 115.
Shepreth, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 400. 401.
Sherston, illegal Assembly at, Pollen, 66.
Shingay, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 398. 399.
Shipley, Acres of Land in, Holloway, 38.
- Articles used by Labourers diminished in Price in last Ten Years, Holloway, 44. 46.
- Cottages in, who are Proprietors of, Holloway, 40.
- Cottages with Gardens, Rent of, Holloway, 39. 43. 44. 48.
- Rent of Cottages in, has not fallen in proportion to Land, Holloway, 46. 48. 49.
- Cottages, not sufficient for Poor in, Holloway, 46.
- Cottagers, Food of, in, Holloway, 49.
- County Rate, Amount of, in, Holloway, 42.
Shipley Cultivation, System of, in, Holloway, 41.
- Drainage of Land in, Holloway, 46.
- Emigration from, Holloway, 50.
- Farmers in, State of, Holloway, 42.
- - not able to keep up their Stock, Holloway, 42.
- Gleaning by Women and Children, Holloway, 41.
- Gravel-digging, Wages paid for in, Holloway, 47.
- Hedging, Pay for, now and formerly, Holloway, 45.
- Labour, Price of, now and at the End of the War, Holloway, 40.
- Labourers, single and married, State and Condition of, Holloway, 41. 42. 44. 45.
- - Number of, out of Employ in 1829 and 1830, Holloway, 39. 46.
- - are driven by low Wages to early Marriages, Holloway, 42.
- - placed on the Roads for the sake of employing them, Holloway, 42.
- - residing out of the Parish, having more than Two Children, are allowed Aid from the Poor Rates, Holloway, 42.
- - not so well off now as when Provisions were dearer, Holloway, 47.
- - in, generally board with Farmers, Holloway, 49.
- - Food of, in Farmhouses, Holloway, 49.
- Land in, in worse Condition now than Fifteen Years back, Holloway, 45.
- Land in, is flat, low, wet, and stiff, Holloway, 46.
- Permanent Overseer of, Holloway, 39.
- Poor Rates, Holloway, 39. 40. 44. 48.
- Poor Rates, Amount of, in, in 1829, Holloway, 40.
- - - in last Four Years, Holloway, 39.
- - - in 1830, Holloway, 39.
- - Churchwardens and Road Rates paid out of, Holloway, 42.
- Population of, Holloway,
Slaney,
38.
202.
- Rent of Cottages in, Holloway, 39. 48. 49.
- Rent of Land, Holloway, 43.
- Rent of Land, Reduction of, Holloway, 40. 43. 44.
- - a great Reduction of, must be made to enable Farmers to pay increased Wages of Labour, Holloway, 47.
- Select Vestry in, Holloway, 39.
- Thrashing Machines considered disadvantageous to Farmers, Holloway, 41.
- Thrashing of Wheat, the Cost per Quarter, now and Ten Years back in, Holloway, 45.
- Valuation of, for the Purpose of the Poor Rates, Holloway, 44.
- Wages paid for Gravel-digging in, Holloway, 47.
- Wages of Labour, Holloway, 39 to 43. 48. 49.
- - Ten Years back, Holloway, 44.
- - during Harvest, by Task Work, in, Holloway, 41. 43. 44.
- - as advanced by last Agreement, cannot be continued, Holloway, 45. 47.
- - paid according to Age, Holloway, 47.
- Wheat, Price of, before the End of the War, Holloway, 40.
- - Price of, in 1829, Holloway, 45.
- - Produce of, per Acre, in, Holloway, 45.
- - Cost of thrashing it per Quarter, now and Ten Years back, Holloway, 45.
- Women and Children, Employment of, Holloway, 41. 47. 48.
- Wood generally used for Fuel in, Holloway, 45.
- Workhouse of, Number of Poor in, and Rate of Contract for ort of, Holloway, 41.
Shipton Moyne and Long Newnton, Acres of Land in, Estcourt, 372.
- Cloth, fine, Manufacture of, in Long Newnton, Estcourt, 374.
- Coals, Price of, in, Estcourt, 374.
- Cottages, Rent of, in, Estcourt, 372.
- Cottages in, who Owners of, Estcourt, 372.
- Labourers, married and single, how employed in, Estcourt, 372.
- - Selection of those to receive Allotments made by Farmers, Estcourt, 370.
- - Evil of present System in making Agricultural Servants independent of their Characters Estcourt, 378. 379.
- Manure for Potatoes, Nettles the best, Estcourt, 370.
- Marriages, early, Estcourt, 372.
- People, Condition of, improved, Estcourt, 367.
Shipton Moyne and Long Newnton, Poor, Expenditure for, from September 1829 to September 1830, Estcourt, 375.
- Poor Rates, diminished, Estcourt, 367.
- - Amount and Appropriation of, in Long Newnton, from 1798 to 1829, Estcourt, 371.
- Population of, Estcourt, 368. 372.
- Spade Labour from 1798 to the present Time, Estcourt, 367.
- - Allotments, Number of, in each Parish, Estcourt, 368.
- - Statement delivered in to Committee of House of Commons on Poor Laws, in 1817, p. 175, Estcourt, 367.
- - Extent of Allotments for, Estcourt, 368. 369.
- - Effects of letting too much Land to Labourers, Estcourt, 369.
- - Premiums for best Crops of Potatoes under, Estcourt, 369.
- - Farmers dissatisfied where Labourer is made independent of Farm Labour by having Land, Estcourt, 369.
- - Land for, Rent of, Estcourt, 368. 369.
- - Conditions for letting Land for, Estcourt, 370.
- - as a Relief to the Poor who require Parish Assistance, Estcourt, 379.
- - more expensive than by Plough, Estcourt, 380.
- Task Work, and Wages of, Estcourt, 372.
- Wages, Rate of, in, Estcourt, 372. 374. 377. 382.
- - Rate of, in Harvest, Estcourt, 374.
- Women and Children, Employment of, by Spinning, now totally lost, Estcourt, 372.
(See Chandler Shops - Retail Dealer.)
Shopkeepers, evil Effect of their being Overseers, Simeon, 365.
- interested in raising Poor Rates, Simeon, 358. 365.
Shrawardine, Number of Persons relieved in, Slaney, 203.
Shudy Camps, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 408. 409.
Sinclair, Sir John, his Opinion on Waste Lands, Earl Stanhope, 275.
(See Wages of Labour.)
Single Men, bad Pay to, is an Inducement to marry, Harrison, 117. 120.
- are driven to Marriage by being refused Relief, Bacon, 164.
- are encouraged to marry early by being paid out of Poor Rates, Earl of Winchilsea, 205.
Sismondi, the French Economist, Extract from his Principes d'Economie Politique, Bacon, 158. 168.
Sleppingley, Wages of Labour and Workhouse of, Becher, 304. 305.
Smugglers at Sompting, Turner, 115.
Snailwell, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 412. 413.
Soap, Malt and Candles, cheaper in 1797 than now, Hodges, 24.
Soham, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 414. 415.
Sompting, Acres of Land in, Turner, 113.
- Cottage Gardens, Rent of, Turner, 116.
- Cottages, Rent of, Turner, 114.
- - paid out of Poor Rates, Turner, 114.
- Labourers, Condition of, in, Turner, 114.
- - Number of, out of Employ, and set to work on the Roads, Turner, 113.
- - Number of, employed on 100 Acres of Arable Land, Turner, 114.
- - Food of, Turner, 115.
- - employed by Task Work, Turner, 115.
- Land in, would be improved by additional Labour, Turner, 116.
- Marriages, early, in, Turner, 116.
- Poor Rates, Amount of, per Pound, Turner, 113.
- Population of, Turner, 113.
- Shepherd, Wages of, Turner, 115.
- Smugglers at, Turner, 115.
- Wages of Labour, Rate of, in, in 1829, Turner, 113.
- - paid out of Poor Rates according to Family, Turner, 113. 115.
- - raised, Turner, 113.
- - Advance of, cannot be continued, Turner, 115.
- - paid out of Way Rate, Turner, 113.
- - of single Men, Turner, 113.
- - of Shepherd, Turner, 115.
- Widows, Parish Allowance to, Turner, 115.
- Women, Employ of, Turner, 115.
South Clifton, Cost of Labour per Acre in, Becher, 229.
Southstroke, Labourers out of Employ in, Simeon, 359.
- Poor Rates in, Simeon, 359.
(See Anti-pauper System.)
Southwell, Acres of Land in, Becher, 305.
- Anti-pauper System, Details of, Becher, 287 to 291.
- - Effects of, on Comforts of the Poor, Becher, 288 to 293.
- - prevents Necessity of Parochial Aid in Payment of Wages of Labourer, Becher, 295.
- - has reduced Poor Rates 75 per Cent. Becher, 295.
- Clothing for Poor, Cost of, Becher, 332.
- Endowment Societies for the Poor, their Nature and Advantages, Becher, 334. 335.
- Labour, Cost of, per Acre in, Becher, 300.
- Poor are supported in, by regular Employment, Becher, 289. 308.
- - Sum at which maintained, Becher, 330.
- - Clothing for, Cost of, Becher, 332.
- - Rates in, Amount of, in 1813, 1814 and 1815, and from 1821 to 1830 - reduced in Four Years 75 per Cent. Becher, 283.
- Population of, and how far proportioned to Employment, Becher, 291. 293.
- Rental of, Becher, 291. 306.
- Savings Bank at, and Deposits in, Becher, 292.
- - Interest paid by, Becher, 334.
- Spade Labour for Poor, and Price paid for, by Parish, Becher, 322. 323.
- Task Work, Wages paid for, in, Becher, 300.
- Valuation of Parish of, Becher, 291.
- Wages of Labour in, Becher, 282. 283. 286. 288. 307.
- - Payment of, out of Poor Rates in, rejected, Becher, 283.
- - Rate of, in Winter and Summer, Becher, 300.
- Wheat, Produce of, per Acre in, Becher, 319.
- Workhouse of, Becher, 286.
- - Dietary of, Becher, 294.
- - Expence of Maintenance and Apparel of Poor in, Becher, 294. 297.
- - Expenditure of, from 1821 to 1830, Becher, 284. 285.
Spade Farms of Six Acres, and Mode of letting, Slaney, 189 to 191.
Spade Husbandry, Rent of Land for, Pollen,
Estcourt,
65.
368. 369.
- Occupiers of Land giving up One Acre in a Hundred to be dug by Poor, Expence and Effect of, Ximenes, 431.
- Success of, in a Ten Years Trial, Pollen, 63 to 65.
- Result of a Measure for employing Paupers in, Ximenes, 431 to 436.
- is preferable to keeping a Cow, Pollen, 64.
Spade Labour, Beard,
Hodges,
Demainbray,
Wetherell,
Pollen,
Partington,
Foulis,
Walker,
Harrison,
Wells,
Bacon,
Slaney,
Spooner,
Bp. Bath & Wells,
Whateley,
Dawson,
Earl Stanhope,
Becher,
Faithful,
Simeon,
Estcourt,
Pym,
Chapman,
Ximenes,
6. 7.
17. 25.
31 to 38. 123 to 127.
54. 55. 60.
63. 64. 65. 70.
78. 83.
92. 94.
103.
119. 120.
142.
160. 166. 184 to 186.
189. 190. 191. 192.
212.
223.
242.
260.
267 to 269. 277. 278.
322. 323. 328. 329.
364.
367 to 370. 379. 380.
385. 386. 391 to 393.
422 to 428.
431 to 436.
- Poor might be profitably employed on, Spooner, 212.
- would be an Improvement to the Condition of Poor, Slaney,
Pym,
191.
393.
- affords profitable Employment for Labourers, Earl Stanhope, 277. 278.
- Poor have no Prejudice against, Slaney, 191.
- more popular than Emigration, Slaney, 192.
- increases Produce of Land, as compared with ploughing, Becher, 323.
- increased Produce not commensurate with increased Expence, Becher, 323.
Spade Labour, more expensive than by Plough, Estcourt, 380.
- its Returns and Effects, Wetherell,
Harrison,
54. 55. 60.
119. 120.
- produces One Fourth more than Farm Husbandry, Pollen, 70.
- Allotments of Land for, are better granted to Poor by Individuals than by Parishes, Pym, 392.
- Difficulty of persuading Owners of Land to try the Experiment of, Bacon, 166.
- Object of, is to rear up an intermediate Class, and to decrease the Competition of Labourers, Bacon, 186.
- should only be to such an Extent as to fill up leisure Hours, and not to take Labour out of the Market, Becher,
Estcourt,
323.
369.
- Advantage of cultivating small rather than large Occupations, Chapman, 422.
- Farmers are dissatisfied where Labourer is made independent of Labour on Farms by, Estcourt, 369.
- by Labourer and his Family, Advantages of, Chapman, 422.
- Rent of Land for, and Produce of, Bp. Bath & Wells, 223.
- Rewards paid for best Crops under, Bp. Bath & Wells,
Estcourt,
223.
369.
- reduces Poor Rates, Chapman, 423.
- Land for, granted to Poor who require Parish Assistance, Estcourt, 379.
- Advantages of, on condition of Poor giving up Claim to Parish Relief, Pym, 385. 392.
- Land for, Rent of, and how cultivated, Faithful, 347. 348.
- Premiums for best Crops of Potatoes under, Estcourt, 369.
- Statement on, delivered in to Committee of House of Commons on Poor Laws, in 1817, p. 175, Estcourt, 367.
- Owen and Falla's Opinion on, Bacon, 184. 185.
- in Alford, Dawson, 260.
- Land for, granted to Labourers in Alford - Rent of - pay no Rates, Dawson, 260.
- in Alford, Regulations for, and Poor Rates reduced, Dawson, 260.
- in Barcombe, Partington, 78.
- in Benenden, Hodges, 17.
- its Effects in a Parish of the Duke of Bedford's, Beard, 7.
- in Bishops Cannings, Estcourt, 367.
- at Broad Somerford, Demainbray, 31 to 38.
- - Account of Produce of an Acre of Ground in Three different Parts of the Parish, Demainbray, 123 to 127.
- Land for, how granted in Buckingham, Earl Stanhope, 269.
- is considered by Labourers in Derbyshire as an Advantage, Earl Stanhope, 267. 269.
- preferred by Poor to Stonebreaking, Ximenes, 433.
- Land for, granted to Labourers in Devonshire, Earl Stanhope, 268.
- in Hamsey, Partington, 83.
- in Holland, Bacon,
Slaney,
184.
190.
- and Produce in Kent, Earl Stanhope, 267.
- in Lenham, Harrison, 119. 120.
- Falla's Statement of Experiment on, near Newcastle, Bacon, 160. 166.
- in Shipton Moyne and Long Newnton, Estcourt, 367. 368. 369. 370. 379. 380.
- in Shipton Moyne and Long Newnton, from 1798 to 1831, Estcourt, 367.
- in Southwell, Becher, 322. 323.
- in Tutbury, Estcourt, 368.
- in Wargrave, Ximenes, 431 to 436.
- in Weston, and Produce of, Wells, 142.
- in Wragby, Foulis, 92. 94.
- in Willingham, Effects of, in taking Poor off Rates, Pym, 392.
St. George's in the East, Payments to Poor in, Walker, 103.
Stapleford, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 410. 411.
Statutes for the Relief of the Poor, Becher, 328. 329.
Staythorpe, Agricultural Families in, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Steeple Morden, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 398. 399.
Stert, Number of Persons relieved in, Slaney, 203.
Stetchworth, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 414. 415.
Stock, less kept by Farmers than formerly, Hodges, 25.
Stocks, Men can only be put into for Drunkenness, Simeon, 364.
Stoke, East, Agricultural Families in, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Stone, Number of Persons relieved in, Slaney, 203.
Stone-picking, Women and Children employed in, Whateley, 242.
Stone Wardens Rate, how expended in Cranfield, Beard, 6.
- increased in Hatfield, Faithful, 354.
Stoughton, Coals, Price of, in, Barton, 255.
- Cottages and Gardens, Barton, 250.
- - Rent of, not reduced, Barton, 252.
- Farmers, State of, in, Barton, 252. 254.
- Fuel dear in, Barton, 255.
- Gardens, Advantage of giving, to Poor, Barton, 254.
- Labourers in great Distress for Want of Work, Barton, 245.
- - Distress of, arises from Disproportion between Demand and Supply, Barton, 246.
- - Number of, employed on 100 Acres, Barton, 250.
- Marriages, early, owing to small Wages given to single Men, Barton, 258.
- Poor Rates in, Amount of, Barton, 245.
- Population of, Barton, 245.
- - increased by a Diminution of Mortality, Barton, 248.
- Over-population, Barton, 246.
- Rents of Land lowered, Barton, 253.
- Task Work, and Wages for, Barton, 251.
- Wages of Labour, Part paid out of Poor Rates, Barton, 245.
- - before and since Disturbances, Barton, 245.
- - in Harvest, Barton, 252.
- Women and Children, how employed in, Barton, 251.
- Wool, Price of, improved, Barton, 252.
Stow cum Quy, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 402. 403.
Stratford, Manchester, casual Poor, Mode of Relief to, Walker, 106 to 108.
- Cottage Rents paid out of Poor Rates, Walker, 101.
- Cottages not rated, Walker, 101.
- - to whom they belong, Walker, 101.
- County Rate, Amount of, Walker, 106.
- Labourers, Allowances to, on account of large Families, Walker, 101.
- Poor Laws, improved Administration has prevented Poor throwing themselves on the Parish - and their improved Condition, Walker, 106.
- Poor Rates, Amount of, in 1817, Walker, 101.
- - Reduction of, and Amount of, from 1818 to 1821, Walker, 101. 102. 106.
- - Reduction of, by what Means produced, Walker, 101. 102.
- Population of, Walker, 100.
- Select Vestry, Walker, 100.
- Workhouse in, Walker, 101.
Straw Plait manufactured in Hatfield, Wages paid for - Women and Children employed in, Faithful, 348. 349. 350. 352. 353. 354.
Sunday Bank in Hatfield, Interest in, and how paid, and Moral Effects of, Faithful, 349 to 351.
Supply and Demand are reciprocal Agents, Bacon, 155.
Sussex, Disturbances in, on account of low Wages, Barton, 255.
- Labourers, great Number out of Employ, Barton, 246.
- - employed in, are more than sufficient for the Work, Barton, 248. 253.
- - are employed on Roads at low Wages, Barton, 246. 251.
- Roads, yearly Expenditure on, Becher, 294.
- Gilbert's Act, 22 Geo. 3, for Union of Parishes in, Wells,
Becher,
139. 145 to 152.
321. 329.
(See Nottinghamshire.)
Sussex and Nottinghamshire, Rent of Land in, Becher, 300.
- Cost of Labour per Acre in, Becher, 301.
- relative Value and Condition of, Becher, 300. 301.
- comparative Statement of Expenditure on account of the Poor, Becher, 296. 297.
- Number of Members in Friendly Societies in, Becher, 295.
- Parkinson's Opinion of the Quality of Land in, Becher, 301.
Sutton-upon-Trent, Agricultural Families in, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Swaffham Bulbeck,
Swaffham Prior, relative to State of Poor in,
Pym, 402. 403.
Swanbourn, Number of Persons relieved in, Slaney, 203.
Swavesey, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 404. 405.
Syerston, Agricultural Families in, Becher, 322.
Synopsis of Results of Queries to the Overseers of the several Parishes within the Hundred of Redbornstoke, Becher, 303 to 306.
T.
Tabular Statement of the comparative Ability of the several Counties in the Kingdom to support their Agricultural Population, Becher, 316. 317.
Tadlow, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 398. 399.
Tattersall, Poor Rates in, Foulis, 91.
- Wages of Labourer paid out of Poor Rates, Foulis, 90.
(See Truck System - Chandlers Shops - Retail Dealers.)
Tally Shops are an Injury to Labouring Classes, Walker, 104.
(See Wages of Labour.)
Task Work in Nottinghamshire, Wages paid for, Becher,
Estcourt,
300. 306.
372.
Tax on Servants, probable Effect of taking off, Simeon, 363. 364.
Taxation, Pressure of, prevents effectual Remedies for Relief of the Poor, Earl Stanhope, 277.
- Reduction of, would be no Benefit to the Labourers, Bacon, 156. 162.
- - since the War, has been of no Benefit to them, Bacon, 183.
- not the Cause of Agricultural Depression, Bacon, 168.
- indirect, is disadvantageous to Labourers, Hodges, 25.
Tea universally used in Cottages, Hodges, 24.
- Price of that used by Cottagers, Partington, 81.
Tenements, Bill for better rating of, Slaney,
Becher,
195. 201.
326.
Thirlwall, Number of Persons relieved in, Slaney, 203.
Thornborough, Number of Persons relieved in, Slaney, 203.
Thorpe, Agricultural Families in, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Thrashing, Price paid for, Wetherell,
Whateley,
57.
228.
- - now and Ten Years back, Holloway, 45.
Thrashing Machines, how far beneficial, Becher, 323. 324.
- considered as disadvantageous to Farmers, Holloway,
Foulis,
Becher,
41.
96.
324. 325.
- Barley if thrashed by, not so valuable as if thrashed by Hand, Foulis, 97.
- deteriorates the Value of the Straw, Becher, 324.
- used in Wragby, Foulis, 96.
- used in Bedfont, Advantages and Disadvantages of, Sherborn,
Becher,
109. 111.
323. 324.
- burnt at Bedfont, Sherborn, 111.
Thriplow, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 410. 411.
Thurgaton, Acres of Land in, Becher, 292.
- Agricultural Families in, Becher, 322.
- Hundred, incorporated Workhouse of, Becher, 286.
- Pauperism and Poverty in, are nearly extinguished, Becher, 308.
- Poor, State of, in, Becher, 292.
- Poor Rates, Increase and Decrease, Becher, 322.
- Poor are supported in, by regular Employment, Becher, 308.
- Population of, Becher, 292. 322.
- Rental of, Becher, 322.
- Savings Bank, Amount of Deposits in, Becher, 292.
(See Draining.)
Tile Draining, Foulis, 92.
Tithe not payable on Woodland in the Weald of Kent, Hodges, 28.
- Exchange and fixed Commutation of, as to facilitating, Slaney, 189.
- Evils of the present System of, Spooner, 220.
- Manner in which collected, Spooner, 220.
Toft, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 406. 407.
Tower Precinct, State of Poor in, Walker, 103.
Tradespeople in the North are a worse Class than Agricultural Labourers, Grey, 175. 177.
Trinity Parish, Minories, Payments to Poor in, Walker, 103.
Truck System is productive of great Evils, Spooner, 208.
- if put down will probably stop many Works, Spooner, 222.
Trumpington, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 410. 411.
Tutbury, Benefit Society at, Estcourt, 372.
- Spade Labour in, Estcourt, 368.
U.
Uley Workhouse, Number of Persons in, Becher, 302.
(See Waste Land.)
Uncultivated Land in England, Quantity of, Becher, 316.
- in Cambridge, Quantity of, and how used, Pym, 388.
Upton, Workhouse or incorporated Poorhouse of, Becher, 320.
- Agricultural Families in, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Urchfont, Number of Persons relieved, &c. Slaney, 202.
Urling's Lace supersedes Lace-making by Women and Children, Demainbray, 38.
Uxbridge Moor, Chapman, 418.
V.
Valuation of Benenden, when taken, Hodges, 29.
- of Cookham and Maidenhead, Whateley, 227.
- of Hamsey, Partington, 99.
- of Hatfield, Faithful, 337. 354.
- of Lenham, Harrison, 118.
- of Midhurst, Wardroper, 127.
- of Mitcham in 1817, Chick, 73.
- of Shipley, Holloway, 44.
- of Southwell, Becher, 291.
- of Weston, Wells, 139. 140.
Variations of Rent, Parish Allowance and Wages, now and formerly, Holloway, 40.
- Wages, and Price of Provisions and Necessaries, between former Times and the present, as affecting Condition of Farmer and Labourer, Holloway, 44 to 48.
Vestry, open, preferable to Select, Becher, 290.
- should have Power to grant Allotments of Land to Poor, Estcourt, 382.
Vestry, Select. (See Select Vestry.)
Visitor of Poorhouse at Weston, Wells, 145. 147.
W.
Wages of Labour, Beard,
Hodges,
Demainbray,
Holloway,
Wetherell,
Pollen,
Chick,
Foulis,
Partington,
Sherborn,
Turner,
Cameron,
Harrison,
Wardroper,
Wells,
Bacon,
Grey,
Slaney,
Earl of Winchilsea,
Spooner,
Bp. Bath & Wells,
Whateley,
Barton,
Dawson,
Earl Stanhope,
Becher,
Faithful,
Simeon,
Estcourt,
Pym,
Ximenes,
3. 4. 6. 7. 13.
16 to 18. 24. 26. 27.
35. 126.
39 to 43. 47. to 49.
52. 57.
63.
72.
90. 92.
77. 80. 84. 89.
109. 112.
113. 115.
131. 134. 136.
117 to 119.
128. 130. 131.
140. 141. 146. 147. 151. 152.
156. 157. 169.
171. 172. 175 to 177.
187.
205.
207.
222 to 225.
228. 241. 242.
245. 252.
258. 259. 261. 266.
270.
282. 283. 286. 288. 306. 307.
349.
357. 358. 364.
372. 374. 377. 382.
387. 388. 396 to 415.
434.
- M'Adam's Evidence on, Slaney, 188.
- Reduction of, Hodges,
Demainbray,
Pollen,
21.
37.
67.
- decline with the Price of Commodities, Bacon, 156.
- low, is caused by Want of a sufficient Circulating Medium, Spooner, 208.
- Increase of, Beard,
Hodges,
Demainbray,
Partington,
Turner,
13.
16 to 18. 27.
35. 126.
77.
115.
Wages of Labour, Farmers will not be able to pay increased Rate of, Beard,
Hodges,
Turner,
Wells,
13.
27.
115.
146. 147.
- are too high in proportion to Produce, Wetherell, 56.
- cannot be continued, even if Rent of Land given up, Hodges, 27.
- paid out of Poor Rates, Foulis,
Turner,
Wardroper,
Bacon,
Spooner,
Bp. Bath & Wells,
Barton,
Becher,
Simeon,
Hodges,
Demainbray,
Harrison,
Slaney,
Ximenes,
90. 91.
113. 115.
128. 131.
161. 162.
220.
223. 224.
245.
282. 283.
357. 358.
25. 26. 29.
34.
117. 119.
187. 202 to 204.
434.
- - this Practice illegal, Becher,
Estcourt,
288.
377. 382.
- - and its injurious Effects on Labourers, Becher, 288.
- paid out of Way Rate, Turner, 113.
- not paid out of Poor Rates, Foulis, 92.
- Allowances indirectly from Parish Rates in aid of, Dawson, 258.
- and Parish Allowance in aid of, since 1793, Hodges, 24. 26.
- paid to single Men, Beard,
Turner,
Harrison,
Wardroper,
Cameron,
Earl of Winchilsea,
Simeon,
Pym,
13.
113.
117.
128. 131.
131.
205.
364.
387. 388. 396 to 415.
- as to equalizing, to married and single Men, Estcourt, 377.
- Rate of, depends upon the Extent of the Fund for the Maintenance of Labourers, Becher, 293.
- are regulated by the Supply and Demand, Bacon, 157.
- should be sufficient to maintain Labourer in Health, Sickness and old Age, Becher, 333.
- Magistrates should not interfere with, Becher, 291.
- during Harvest, and by Task Work, Holloway,
Partington,
Spooner,
Barton,
Simeon,
Estcourt,
Ximenes,
41. 43. 44.
77. 80.
207.
252.
357.
374.
434.
- on Roads, Partington,
Harrison,
Dawson,
84.
117.
259.
- Scale of, for Paupers, Chick, 72.
- to Shepherds, Turner, 115.
- in last Years of the War, Wardroper, 130.
- Advantage of paying them in Kind, Grey, 179.
- Rate of, in 1797, Hodges, 24.
- - 1811 and 1812, Harrison, 118.
- - 1811 to 1830, and Quantity of Corn it would purchase, Sherborn, 109.
- now and 12 Years back, Beard,
Hodges,
10.
20.
- now and 10 Years back, Holloway, 44.
- Rate of, in 1829, Turner, 113.
- and Price of Wheat, Proportions between, from 1742 to 1829, Becher, 331.
- of Mechanics and Labourers in America, Dawson, 261.
- at Clipstone Park Farm, 1830, Becher, 298.
- in Devonshire, now and in 1827, Earl Stanhope, 268.
- in Counties South of Line drawn from Gloucester to Hull, Allowances for Children and Rent of Cottages are paid out of Poor Rates, Slaney, 187.
- Rate of, in Hatfield, is sufficient to allow saving, Faithful, 349.
- - in Hatfield, to single and married Men, Faithful, 349.
- higher in Kent than in any County in the Kingdom, Earl of Winchilsea, 205.
- in the North paid in Kind, and Consequences of this, Grey, 171. 172. 175. 176. 177.
- - seldom give rise to Disputes, Grey, 177.
- Payment of, out of Poor Rates, rejected in Southwell, Becher, 283.
Wages of Labour Regulation for, made at Worcester Sessions, Spooner, 207.
Wales, Mountains of, mostly barren, Barton, 247.
Walesby, Agricultural Families in, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Wargrave, Acreage of, Ximenes, 431.
- Beer Houses, evil Effects of, Ximenes, 433.
- Chandlers Shops, extravagant Rate charged for Goods at, Ximenes, 434.
- - might be established by Overseers to sell Goods to Poor at Prime Cost, Ximenes, 434.
- Cottages with small Gardens, Ximenes, 433.
- - with and without Land, Ximenes, 434.
- - by whom built, Ximenes, 433.
- - Rent of, Ximenes, 434.
- - Rent of, for large Families, paid by Parish, Ximenes, 434.
- Gardens, Advantages of, to Poor, Ximenes, 433.
- Poor Rates, Amount of, in, Ximenes, 431.
- Population of, Ximenes, 433.
- Spade Labour, Result of a Measure for employing Paupers in, Ximenes, 431 to 436.
- - Occupiers of Land giving up One Acre in One hundred to Overseer to be dug by Poor of, Expence and Effect of, Ximenes, 431 to 433.
- - preferred by Poor to Stone-breaking, Ximenes, 433.
- Wages of Labour in, Rate of, Ximenes, 434.
- - for Task Work, Ximenes, 434.
- - paid by Parish, Ximenes, 434.
- Workhouse of, well managed, and Description of Persons in, and Contracts for, Ximenes, 435.
Washington, Labourers in, how employed by Parish, Wells, 141.
(See Inclosures of Lands, of Commons, and General Inclosure Act.)
Waste Lands, Number of Acres of, Earl Stanhope, 275.
- what, Chapman, 420.
- uncultivated, but cultivatable, Amount in England, as estimated by Mr. Cowling, Bacon, 159.
- a great deal in England capable of profitable Cultivation, Chapman, 419. 420. 423.
- at present beneficially employed, Barton, 249.
- great Extent of, on Dartmoor, Barton, 247.
- most of them used to support Sheep, Barton, 246.
- Down Land is considered as, Chapman, 420.
- as to locating Paupers on, Bacon, 158. 159. 165.
- - is preferable to Emigration, Pym, 393.
- as to Cultivation of, Estcourt, 378.
- if inclosed will be capable of profitable Cultivation, Chapman, 420. 421.
- inclosed since 1797 have been made productive, Bacon, 159.
- Impediment to Cultivation of, is Expence of Inclosure Acts, Pym, 393.
- Government should have the Power to sell or let Portions of, Bacon, 158.
- possessed by Parishes should be used for locating Labourers, Bacon, 157.
- Farmers might, with proper Extension of Capital, profitably employ an increased Number of Labourers on, Spooner, 216. 217.
- are a Resort for profligate People, Bacon, 184.
- on Richmond Haw and Barnes Commons are fit for Cultivation, Chapman, 420.
- in the New Forest, Part of, may be profitably cultivated, Chapman, 421.
- Quantity of, near Cossey, Bacon, 184.
- Sir John Sinclair and Mr. Couling's Opinion of, Earl Stanhope, 275.
Waterbeach, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 404. 405.
Wellow, Agricultural Families in, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Wells, Acres in, Bp. Bath & Wells, 224.
- Cottages, Rent of, in, Bp. Bath & Wells, 223.
- Fuel cheap in, Bp. Bath & Wells, 224.
- Labourers receive parochial Relief if they do not receive 9s. per Week, Bp. Bath & Wells, 224.
- - demoralized by Want of Employment, Bp. Bath & Wells, 224.
- - having small Allotments of Land, are well behaved, Bp. Bath & Wells, 224.
- Land, Allotments of, let to Poor, and Rent paid for it, Bp. Bath & Wells, 222. 223.
- Paupers employed in drawing Carts, Bp. Bath & Wells, 225.
Wells, Plan to improve Condition of Poor, Bp. Bath & Wells, 225.
- Poor complain much of Distress, Bp. Bath & Wells, 224.
- Population of, Bp. Bath & Wells, 224.
- Wages, Rate of, Bp. Bath & Wells, 223.
Wendy, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 398. 399.
West Grinstead, Number of Persons relieved in, Slaney, 202.
West Wratting, relative to State of
Westley, Poor in,
Pym, 410. 411. 414. 415.
Weston, Acres of Land in, Wells, 139.
- Agricultural Families in, Becher, 322.
- Beer Shops, their Effects on the Morals and Habits of the Poor, Wells, 153.
- Capital, Want of, is the Cause of Nonemployment of Labourers, Wells, 143. 144. 145.
- Children are better taught in the Poorhouse of Weston than at Home, Wells, 149.
- Cottages, Rent of, in, Wells, 141. 142. 150. 153.
- - rated, Wells, 153.
- - not reduced when Rent of Farms lowered, Wells, 142. 143.
- - by whom owned, Wells, 153.
- with Gardens, Wells, 142.
- Farmhouses, Mode of hiring Servants living in, to prevent their becoming Parishioners, Wells, 151.
- Farmhouses, Wages of Servants in, Wells, 151.
- Farmers in, have increased the Number of their House Servants in last Ten Years, Wells, 151.
- Farmers, Condition of, in, Wells, 141. 143.
- - do not employ so much Labour as they ought to do, Wells, 146.
- Goring's Estate-Rents reduced, Wells, 145.
- Labourers employed on Roads, and Pay of, Wells, 146.
- - State and Condition of, Wells, 143. 152.
- Land allotted to Poor-Rent and Produce of -Effect of, Wells, 142. 143.
- Location of People from bad Soils to good proposed, Wells, 144. 147.
- Manure, Pig, Wells, 142.
- Marriages, improvident in, Wells, 141.
- Parish Relief, Scale of, Wells, 140.
- Poor Rates, Increase and Decrease of, Becher, 322.
- - Increase of, according to Value of Rental, Wells, 140. 145. 146.
- Poor, Condition of, deteriorated, Wells, 151. 152.
- Population of, Wells,
Becher,
139.
322.
- - Increase of, and Superabundance of, Wells, 132.
- Rental of, Becher, 322.
- Rents, Reduction of, in, Wells, 141. 145. 146.
- Spade Labour, and Produce of, Wells, 142.
- united Poorhouse of Weston, Washington, Sullington, Thakeham, Findon, and Ashington, Wells, 150.
- Valuation of, Wells, 139. 140.
- Visitor of Poorhouse at, Wells, 145. 147.
- Wages of Labour in, Rate and Scale of, Wells, 140. 141. 146. 152.
- - increased Rate of, Farmers will not be able to pay, Wells, 146. 147.
- Workhouse of, how managed, Wells, 147.
- - Cost per Head of Poor in, Wells, 147.
Weston Colville, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 410. 411.
Weyland's Bill to amend Act for renting Tenements, Becher, 326.
Whaddon, Number of Persons relieved in, Pym, 398. 399.
Wheat, Price of, in 1811, 1812, and 1813, Partington, 77.
- - from 1811 to 1830, Sherborn, 109. 112.
- - now and in 1815, Holloway, 40.
- - in 1829, Holloway, 45.
Wheat, Produce of, per Acre, in Hatfield, Faithful, 348.
- - Cambridgeshire, Pym, 391.
- - Norfolk, Bacon, 159.
- - Nottinghamshire, Becher, 319.
- - Shipley, Holloway, 45.
Whitchurch, Benefit Societies in, Advantages of their being managed by Gentlemen, Simeon, 358.
- Cottages in, Rents of, high, Simeon, 358.
- - paid by Parish, Simeon, 358.
- - to whom belong, Simeon, 358.
- - in, generally have not Gardens, Simeon, 360.
- - pay no Rates, Simeon, 358.
- Machinery supersedes Spinning by Women and Children, Simeon, 360.
- Paupers, Allowances to, on account of Families, Simeon, 357. 365.
- Poor Laws, instances of Abuses in Administration of, Simeon, 363.
- - Intimidation exercised by Paupers over Overseers, Simeon, 363.
- Poor Rates, Amount of, in the Pound in, Simeon, 359.
- Population, Simeon, 359. 364.
- - much increased by the Effect of Bastardy Laws, Simeon, 362.
- Road Labour, Simeon, 360.
- Wages, Rate of, Simeon, 357.
- - in Harvest, Simeon, 357.
- - for Men and Lads, Simeon, 364.
- - paid by Parish, Simeon, 357. 358.
- Women and Children employed in dibbling Beans, Simeon, 359.
Whitechapel, State of Poor in, Walker, 103.
White Waltham, Acres of Land in, Whateley, 245.
- County Rate of, Whateley, 245.
- Poor, Expenditure for, in, from 1812 to 1826, Whateley, 245.
- - good System of Management of, in, Whateley,
Ximenes,
229.
435.
- Population of Whateley, 245.
Whittlesford, Wicken, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 412 to 415.
Widows, Parish Allowance to, Turner, 115.
Wilbraham, Great and Little, Pym, 402. 403.
Willingham, Acres of Land in, Pym, 404. 405.
- Land Allotments, of, to Poor, and Rent of, Bp. Bath & Wells, 222. 223.
- Poor Rates, Pym, 404. 405.
- Population of, Pym, 404. 405.
- Spade Labour in, and Effects of, in taking Poor off Rates, Pym, 392.
(See Synopsis of Redbornstoke.)
Wilshamstead, Number of Acres in, Becher, 304. 305.
- Labourers are employed by Parish at Road Work, Becher, 304. 305.
- - able-bodied, Rate of Relief paid to, by Parish, Becher, 304. 305.
- - single, Rate of Relief paid to, by Parish, Becher, 304. 305.
- - married, Rate of Relief paid to, by Parish, Becher, 304. 305.
- Poor, Sum expended for the Maintenance of, for the last Three Years, Becher, 304. 305.
- Poor Rates, Average of, for Ten Years, to 1827, Becher, 304. 305.
- - Number of Payers of, Becher, 304. 305.
- - Annual Amount of, per Acre, Becher, 304. 305.
- Population of, Becher, 304. 305.
- Wages of Labour paid to able bodied Pauper Labourers, Becher, 304. 305.
- Workhouse in, Becher, 304. 305.
Wiltshire Goal, Return by The Reverend Mr. Hodson of 101 Prisoners, and Wages they had received, Estcourt, 373.
Wiltshire, Insurrection in, and Number of Persons tried by Special Commission, Estcourt, 373.
- Wages of Labour, and how paid, Estcourt, 373.
Wimpole, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 400. 401.
Winkburn, Agricultural Families in, and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Whintorpe, Agricultural Families in and Rental of, Becher, 322.
Women, none employed by Spinning now, Estcourt, 372.
- in Devonshire, their Earnings by Spinning, in 1727, equal to Husbands by Day Labour, Earl Stanhope, 268.
- and Boys, none now employed in Agriculture, Partington, 83.
- and Children, Employment of, Hodges,
Demainbray,
Holloway,
Pollen,
Partington,
Sherborn,
Turner,
Whateley,
Barton,
Earl Stanhope,
Estcourt,
Simeon,
19. 21.
38.
41. 47. 48.
69.
79. 86. 89.
109.
115.
242.
251.
268.
372.
359.
Wooburn, Poor Rates in, Whateley, 241.
- Number of Persons out of Employ in, Whateley, 240. 241.
Wood, generally used for Fuel in Shipley, Holloway, 45.
Woodditton, relative to State of Poor in, Pym, 414. 415.
Woodland, Proportion of, to Arable and Pasture in Benenden, Hodges, 27.
- Number of Acres of, in Farnhurst, Cameron, 130.
- in Farnhurst, Employ for Poor in, Cameron, 131.
- Quantity of, in Hatfield, Faithful, 339.
- in Weald of Kent, Tithe not payable on, Hodges, 28.
Wool, Price of, improved, Barton, 252.
(See Synopsis of Redbornstoke.)
Wootten, Number of Acres in Becher, 304. 305.
- Labourers are employed by Parish at Road Work, Becher, 304. 305.
- - able-bodied, Rate of Relief paid to, by Parish, Becher, 304. 305.
- - single, Rate of Relief paid to, by Parish, Becher, 304. 305.
- - married, Rate of Relief paid to, by Parish, Becher, 304. 305.
- Poor, Sum expended for the Maintenance of, for the last Three Years, Becher, 304. 305.
- Poor Rates, Average of, for Ten Years to 1827, Becher, 304. 305.
- Poor Rates, Number of Payers of, Becher, 304. 305.
- - Annual Amount of, per Acre, Becher, 304. 305.
- Population of, Becher, 304. 305.
- Wages of Labour paid to ablebodied Pauper Labourers, Becher, 304. 305.
- Workhouse in, Becher, 304. 305.
Worcestershire, Land more employed now for Grain in, than used to be, Spooner, 221.
- Wages of Labour, Regulation made for, at Sessions, Spooner, 207.
(See House of Industry.)
Workhouse, of Bardney, Foulis, 93. 94.
- at Bear Lane, and Rate at which Poor are farmed in, Chick, 73.
- of Cookham, and Regulations of, Whateley, 229. 239.
- of Ellesmere and Oswestry, unpopular with Labourers, but stimulated Industry, Slaney, 197. 198.
- of Hatfield, System of, might be generally introduced, Faithful, 338.
- - Arrangement of, Number of Poor in, Expences of Poor, and Earnings of, Faithful, 339. 341. 343.
- - Children in, earn sufficient for their Support, Faithful, 341.
- of Lambeth Street Police District, and Employ of Poor in, Walker, 103.
- of Midhurst, and Number of Poor in, Wardroper, 128.
Workhouse, of Shipley, Number of Poor in, and Rate of Contract for Support of, Holloway, 41.
- incorporated, in Southwell, Table shewing Reduction of Poor Rates paid by the Parishes united since the Establishment of, Becher, 322.
- - Expence of Maintenance and Apparel of Poor in, Becher, 286. 287. 294.
- - Expenditure of, from 1821 to 1830, Becher, 284. 285.
- - Dietary of, Becher, 294.
- of Stratford, Manchester, Walker, 101.
- incorporated, of Thurgaton Hundred, Becher, 286.
- of Uley, Number of Persons in, Becher, 302.
- of United Parishes of Little Berkhamstead, Bayford and Hartingford Bury, Faithful, 339.
- united, of Weston, Washington, Sullington, Thakeham, Findon and Ashington, Wells, 150.
- of Upton, Becher, 320.
- of Wargrave, well managed, and Description of Persons in, and Contracts for, Ximenes, 435.
- of Welwyn, Faithful, 339.
- of Weston, how managed, and Cost per Head, and Visitor, Wells, 147.
- of Wragby, Foulis, 93. 94.
Workhouses, Advantages of, Becher, 287. 288.
- Provisions for, how they should be purchased, Becher, 286.
Working Classes, Number of, out of Employ in Mitcham, Chick, 72.
Wragby, Acres of Land in, Foulis, 91.
- Coals, Price of, in, Foulis, 93.
- Cottagers rated to Poor Rates in, Foulis, 93.
- Cottages with Gardens are a considerable Benefit, Foulis, 92.
- - Rent of, Foulis, 92. 94. 95.
- - Rents paid out of Poor Rates, Foulis, 92. 93.
- County Rates increased, Foulis, 96.
- Distress not general near Wrag by, Foulis, 96.
- draining, Foulis, 92.
- Farmers in, have not Capital, Foulis, 91.
- Gardens let to the Poor of, Foulis, 91.
- Gravel-digging by unemployed Labourers, Foulis, 91. 94.
- Labourer, his Condition much improved by not being allowed Relief from Poor Rates according to Number of Children, Foulis, 94. 95.
- Labourers how employed in, Foulis, 91.
- - more, might be employed, if Land properly cultivated, Foulis, 91.
- - Time they are hired for, Foulis, 96.
- Land under-cultivated near, Foulis, 91.
- Marriages, improvident, are caused by Allowances out of Poor Rates according to Number of Children, Foulis, 95.
- Poor, Comforts of, diminished, Foulis, 93.
- Poor Rates in, Foulis, 91. 94. 95.
- - decreased, Foulis, 96.
- Population of, superabundant, Foulis, 91.
- Road Work in the large Parishes of Lincolnshire, Foulis, 94.
- Settlement, as to altering Law of, Foulis, 96. 97.
- Spade Labour, Foulis, 92. 94.
- Thrashing Machines used in not a Benefit to the Farmer, Foulis, 96.
- Tile-draining, Foulis, 92.
- Wages of Labour not paid out of Poor Rates, Foulis, 92.
- Workhouse, Foulis, 93. 94.