Journal of the House of Lords: Volume 7, 1644. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1767-1830.
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"DIE Lunæ, 7 die Julii.
L. Viscount Say & Seale.
Jackson, E. of Warwick's Servant, Privilege.
Delinquents sent for.
It is Ordered, That the said Jackson be released forthwith; and that John Stares and John Holcroft, Bailiffs, that arrested him; and Garroway Reeve, Keeper of the Prison in White Chappell, who refused to obey the Protection; and that Samuell Wills and Ralph Ashby, who are the Parties that sued forth the Bill in Middlesex, shall be sent for, to appear before this House, to answer the same.
Papers from the Scots Commissioners.
Message to the H. C. for Commissioners to be sent down to the Scots Army; and that they may be provided with Provisions on their March.
Ordered, That these Papers be communicated to the House of Commons; and to desire that Commissioners may be sent down to (fn. 1) the Scottch Army; and that Care may be taken that Provisions may be made for the Scottch Army where they shall march. And presently a Message was sent to the House of Commons, to this Purpose, by Sir Edward Leech and Mr. Page.
Papers concerning the Club-men in Wilts and Dorset.
Officers in the Northern Association to have Commissions.
It is further reported, "That there are no Officers in all the Northern Association that have Commissions, except only Colonel Poyntz; nor can have any, until the major Part of that Committee meet, which consists of many Gentlemen of the several Counties; and that, for Want of those Commissions, those Forces are not in a Condition to act upon any Occasion or Emergency; and therefore to desire the Houses to consider of some Expedient for the Supply of that Defect."
Message to the H. C. with the foregoing Papers.
Message from thence, with Ordinances; and a Declaration to The States General.
That to the Ordinance concerning the Captives at Algier, their Lordships do agree to it; to the Ordinance concerning the Bonds, and the Declaration, their Lordships will send an Answer by Messengers of their own.
Message from the H. C. about sending Commissioners to Scotland, and preparing their Instructions; and for an Answer to their Votes about Carlisle.
Ordered, That the Two Commissioners Names shall be (fn. 2) positively named To-morrow Morning.
Message from the Assembly of Divines, about Church Government.
Ordinance to continue the Duty, for Relief of the Captives at Algiers.
"The Lords and Commons assembled in Parliament, intending with all Speed to carry on that so pious a Work, of the releasing of those distressed Captives, taken by Turkish, Moorish, and other Pirates, to which Purpose they are now sending away Dispatches for Argier; but finding that the Monies already collected, or which may be collected, by virtue of the Ordinances already granted, for the receiving of One Fourth Part of One per Cent. imposed on all Goods and Merchandize, and appropriated to that Use, will not perfect the Work, without Continuance of the said Duty; do therefore Order and Ordain, That the Ordinance of Parliament, of the 28th of January, 1644, which expires the 11th of December next, for the collecting of the said Duty and Imposition of One Fourth Part of One per Cent. which is One Shilling in every Twenty Shillings paid for Custom and Subsidy, according to the now Book of Rates established by Authority of this present Parliament, upon all Goods and Merchandize exported out of, and imported into, this Kingdom of England, Dominion of Wales, and Port and Town of Berwicke, for the Relief of the said distressed Captives, and every Clause and Article therein contained, shall be observed, stand, and continue in full Force and Power, from the said 11th of December next, inclusive, unto the 11th of December, 1646, exclusive.
"And it is further Ordained, That the Chamberlain of London, his Deputy or Deputies, and every of them, shall be saved harmless, and indemnified, for whatsoever Act or Acts they shall do in the Execution of this Ordinance, according to the Clause of Indemnity in the said Ordinance of the 28th of January, One Thousand Six Hundred Forty and Four."
Letter from Sir T. Fairfax, giving an Account of the Club-men in Wilts and Dorset, a numerous armed Body, who declare they take up Arms only for their own Defence, and not join either the King's or Parliament's Armies.
"My former Letter acquainted your Lordships with my Resolutions to march Westwards, for the Relief of Taunton; in Pursuance whereof, I am advanced as far as Blandford. I could not hitherto give your Lordships an Account of the Conditions of these Counties of Wilts and Dorsett, in Arms under the Name of Club-men. They pretended only the Defence of themselves from Plunderers, but not to side either with the King's Forces or the Parliament's, but to give Free Quarter to both: The Heads of them are all (so far as I can learn) such as have either been in actual Service in the King's Army (nay, some having Commands at the present with the King), or those that are known Favourers of that Party. I hear they have drawn up certain Articles, whereunto they have subscribed, for the managing and maintaining this new Party. They have drawn up Petitions, one to the King, the other to the Parliament, the Copies whereof I have herewithall sent unto your Lordships. The Heads of them have had some Treaties with the Governors of the Garrisons, both of the King and Parliament, that lie nearest to them, and have agreed to pay Contribution to both; I hear, Fifty Pounds to Tolston House, and the like to Langford House. They have appointed Treasurers of their own, for receiving and paying for the same; and the Garrisons, in Consideration hereof, are not to raise any Contribution to themselves. I have sent your Lordship One of their Warrants for raising Money, and paying it in to Mr. Hollis of Salisbury, who is One of their Heads. For that Purpose, they give Passes to One of their Party, whom they call Associates, to pass freely in the Counties without Molestation. They list themselves under several Officers daily, and meet in great Bodies at their Rendezvous, and boast they can have Twenty Thousand Men at Four and Twenty Hours Warning for assembling them together. Their Heads send out to the several Towns; and, by ringing of Bells, and sending Post from one Rendezvous to another, into the several Towns and Hundreds, they draw into great Bodies. For Distinction of themselves from other Men, they wear White Ribbon, to shew, as they say, their Desires of Peace. They meet with Drums, flying Colours, and for Arms they have Muskets. Some, I hear, have been sent them from Sherborne; Fowling-pieces, Pikes, Halberts, great Clubs, and such like. They take upon them to interpose betwixt the Garrisons of either Side; and when any of their Forces meet in Places where they have a sufficient Power, as Salisbury and the like, they will not suffer them to fight, but make them drink together, and so make them Part to their several Garrisons. They come into our Horse Quarters, and steal Horses where they find them at Grass, and carry them into the Woods. They will obey no Warrants further than they are compelled, for sending in Provisions for the Army, or Draughts for the Carriages. In these Two Counties, they are abundantly more affected to the Enemy than to the Parliament; and publicly declare, what Party soever falls on them, they will join with the other; and those of the Inhabitants of these Counties who are really affected to the Parliament do not join with them, but are daily threatened by them, and suspect the Issue of it will be very mischievous. I have the Enemy before me, towards whom I am advancing with all Expedition; and in my Rear these Men, who, being very numerous, and acted by Men so dangerous as for the most Part their Leaders are, I know not what they may attempt. I desire your Lordships Advice in this Business, being uncertain what to do, until I hear from your Lordships. I am careful to prevent any just Cause of Clamour from the Country through any Disorders in the Army; and hope there will be Care taken for the sending Money to us, that they may be able to give Contentment to the People, by discharging their Quarters: But I do not at all doubt, that, if some speedy Course were taken for their quieting, or suppressing them, it would be no hard Work: I know not what it may prove to in Time; I find them generally very confident of their Cause and Party; and, if hereafter they should presume to give Laws to the Armies, as they do to the Garrisons, it might be of evil Consequence. For the present, I shall offer to your Lordships the commanding of Colonel Fines and Colonel Norton's Regiment of Horse into these Parts, who, with the Assistance of Colonel Ludlowe, the Sheriff of Wilts, (fn. 3) and the Garrisons in these Parts, may be able at least to keep them from drawing into any great Bodies, to the Disturbance of the Country. I desire your Lordships speedy Answer; and remain
Dale's Deposition concerning their Proceedings.
"That when he was taken Yesterday at Salisbury Town's End, by a Soldier of this Army, upon Suspicion of being a Spy, he was then returning Home to Salisbury from Wincanton, together with some Butchers of that Town, with whom he went before to Wincanton, to recover his Mare, which was taken away by Wincanton Club-men; and accordingly he had his Mare restored to him at Wincanton, and was then bringing her Home to Salisbury. He denieth that he came purposely to view the Army, or went out of his Way between Wincanton and Salisbury to view the same; but it fortuned, that he was on his Journey, the Army marched cross his Way; and he kept on his Way through the Army, making no Stay to observe it. He acknowledgeth that heretofore he bore Arms for the King, and served as a Quarter-master under Colonel Bampfeild, of the Enemy's Party: But saith, He laid down his Arms about Three Quarters of a Year ago, and hath never since served on either Side. But he further saith, That of late he hath associated himself with those that call themselves "The Club-men of Salisbury;" that he knoweth no other End of that Association, but to defend themselves and their Goods against all Plunderers, but not to oppose either Army; that, for the Town of Salisbury, there are chosen Fifteen Men, videlicet, Four out of every Parish, to be their Leaders, to guide and direct them; as namely, Mr. Hancock, Mr. Oniatt, Mr. Edmonds, and Mr. Greene, for St. Thomas Parish; Mr. Jay, Mr. Hancock Brewer, Mr. Lawes, and Mr. Choles Senior, for St. Edmond's Parish; Doctor Hales Physician, Mr. Batt, Mr. Payne, and Mr. Bee, for St. Martin's Parish; Mr. Thorpe, Mr. Thackeell, Mr. Choles Junior, and for Fisherton Parish; and Mr. Holles is Chief over all. He conceiveth that in Salisbury there (fn. 4) are about Seven Hundred Club-men, which have at several Times appeared; but he conceiveth that there are more that are associated: That he believeth the Town is able to furnish these Club-men with Arms, (videlicet,) some with Pikes and Muskets, and others with Carbines and Pistols; but he thinketh there are not above Two Hundred Muskets in all: That there is the like Association of Club-men all over the County of Wilts; and that divers Gentlemen in their several Parishes do appear to conduct; but he can certainly name none, but Mr. Justice Bennett, Mr. Gold of Ashton, and Mr. Edward Topp: That (fn. 5) they have met at several Rendezvous; that he was present at One Rendezvous at Grovely, where met the Club-men of Salisbury with some other Club-men of Part of the County; and at that Time there appeared about Four Thousand, as was generally said and believed; and besides this Rendezvous, there were kept other Rendezvouses for other Parts of the County; (videlicet,) by Warmister, Stonage, White Parish, and Uphaven; but what Numbers there met at those Rendezvouses he knoweth not: That, at the Rendezvous where he met at Grovely, there were certain Articles read and proposed to them, which they all assented to by giving a Shout; but what the Effect of those Articles were, more than to defend themselves against Plunderers, he cannot tell; but it (fn. 6) was then said, they were to be sent to King and Parliament, to see how they would like them; and Two or Three Days after, some of the Garrisons of Foresley and Longford met at Salisbury with the Club-men, upon the Invitations of the Club-men, when and where the said Articles were again proposed, as he hath been ininformed; and that thereupon, in Conclusion, it was agreed that the Club-men should give Fifty Pounds a Week to each Garrison, until the King and Parliament had given an Answer to their Articles.
Warrant from the Club-men, to raise Money to pay a Weekly Allowance to the Garrisons of Fallersdoun and Langford, one belonging to the King, the other to the Parliament.
"Whereas several Petitions for Peace are intended to be agreed upon by the Inhabitants of this County of Wilts, and to be presented, the one to His Majesty, the other to the Two Houses of Parliament; it was thought fit, by divers Gentlemen and others Inhabitants of the Division of Sarum, who are already agreed and entered into an Association concerning the same, that, during such Time the said Petitions shall remain unanswered, a speedy Course should be taken, by Way of Treaty, between the said Gentlemen and Inhabitants of the said Division, and the Commanders of the several Garrisons of Langford and Fallerdowne, as well for the Peace and Safety of the Inhabitants of the aforesaid Division, and others who are charged by Way of Contribution, or otherwise charged or molested by either of the Two Garrisons, as also for the necessary Subsistence of the said Garrisons; upon Notice whereof, divers Gentlemen and Inhabitants of the said Division did meet, with the Commanders of the several Garrisons, at Sarum, the 13th of this Instant June, and there did conclude upon certain Articles, both for the Peace and Safety of the County, and the Subsistence and Maintenance of the Two Garrisons, as may appear under the Hands of the Gentlemen and Inhabitants of the said Division, and Commanders of the said Garrison, together with a Confirmation under the Hands of the Committee then at Fallersdowne, in the Behalf of that Garrison: Therefore, you, the Inhabitants of the Parish of Ebbesbourne Wake, are desired, by the Gentlemen whose Names are here subscribed, to pay, or cause to be paid, to the sworn Constable of the Hundred, the Sum of Two Pounds, Eighteen Shillings, and Four Pence Half-penny, at or before the 21th of this Instant June, being for One whole Week then last past, whereby the Constable may return and pay the same to Thomas Hollis, of New Sarum, Gentleman, who is deputed by the Gentlemen and Inhabitants to receive the same, to the Intent to discharge the Payments promised to the Garrisons, and for the same to be accomptable when he shall be thereunto required; and, upon Accompt, to pay the Remainder of his Receipts, if any such shall be, unto such as he shall be ordered therein: And you are likewise to return the several Names of every Person who stand charged therewith within your Tithing, together with the particular Sum of every such Person so taxed, and who they are within your Tithing that refuse or neglect to pay the same.
Petitions from the Club-men to the King and Parliament, for procuring a Peace.
"That Your Suppliants, having more deeply than many other Parts of this Kingdom tasted the Miseries of this unnatural intestine War, which have been the more extremely embittered unto them by the Pressures of many Garrisons both here and in the neighbour Counties, and the opposite Armies continually drawn upon them by the reason thereof, did lately hope, that, by Means of the Treaty proposed by Your Majesty to the Honourable Houses of Parliament, at Uxbridge, they might once again have reaped the blessed Issue of their long-lost Peace, in the happy Accommodation of the present Differences, without further Effusion of Christian Blood: But finding themselves utterly fallen from those Hopes, and too too justly fearing that the Extremity of these Calamities (which the Continuance of this bloody War is likely to produce) will daily grow more insupportable, unless our Christian Divisions may timely be prevented by some sudden Accomodation;
"They do here first and freely acknowledge, with Sorrow and Shame, before God and Man, that as it was their extreme Ingratitude, with the Disesteem and Abuse of their former Peace, which justly bereft them of that inestimable Blessing, so it is their manifold Unworthiness which yet withholds it from them; and therefore, in Submission to the Disposition of the Divine Clemency, they cease not heartily to pray, that, in His good Time, He would graciously answer the uncessant Supplications of His Church with a blessed Restoration of His and their Peace; and that they be not wanting to themselves, in the Search and Pursuance of those which may procure such a happy Restitution, they likewise cast themselves at Your Majesty's Royal Feet, humbly imploring, that, by lending a gracious Ear, a farther Treaty for Peace, if it shall be proffered to Your Majesty by the Two Houses of Parliament, for the Proposal whereof Your Petitioners have made like Address unto them, that such a firm Peace may once again be established amongst us, as may prove for the Advancement of God's Glory in the Maintenance of the true Reformed Protestant Religion, for the Safe-guard of Your Majesty's Royal Person, Honour, and Estate, for the securing of the Privileges and Immunities of Parliaments, and for the Preservation of the Liberties and Properties of the Subject; all which they humbly conceive to be the Four main Articles of that general Protestation, to which the Body of this Kingdom hath formerly sworn: And although they dare not presume to intromit themselvs into the Debate of those Two great Mysteries of State, concerning the Prerogatives inseparable from Your Majesty's Royal Person and Power, or the just Privileges of Parliaments, both which are lest to to their Prayers (only for a wished Determination and a happy Composition of them); yet they find themselves bound in Conscience, first and chiefly as Christians, to maintain and advance, with the utmost Hazard of their Lives and Fortunes, the true Reformed Protestant Religion; and next, as free-born English, not degenerating from the Virtues of their Fathers, by all possible and lawful Means to preserve and uphold the native Inheritance of their Laws, their Liberties, and Properties, which they equally hold in Esteem even with Life itself.
"And the said Petitioners do likewise humbly pray, that, in case such a Treaty may be mutually and unseignedly admitted, Your Majesty for Your Part would once again be graciously pleased to press the Cessation of Arms during the said Treaty, if the Two Houses of Parliament may be induced to do the same, that a Treaty of Peace may not proceed in Blood. And because Your Petitioners are no longer able to subsist under the impossible Observance of the contrary Commands of so many Garrisons and several Armies, who, under Pretence of Contribution, and by immesurable Taxes, continual Free Quarter, and uncessant Plunderings (contrary to Your Majesty's Proclamation in that Behalf), have scarcely left Your poor Suppliants sufficient for the Support of Life; they do most humbly beseech Your Sacred Majesty, that, out of Your Royal Clemency, whereby You were wont to resent the Misery of Your poor distressed Subjects, You would be graciously pleased, that the Number of Your Garrisons in this County may be lessened, in case the Two Houses of Parliament shall, upon Your Subjects Petition to them in that Behalf, do the like with the Garrisons in their Hands; and that all such Your Garrisons as shall seem necessary to be upheld within this County, for the Defence thereof, may be intrusted in the Hands of the said County, to be maintained at the Charges of the Inhabitants thereof, and not to be delivered up by them unto any Persons, but such only as, by the joint Consent of Your Majesty and the Two Houses of Parliament, shall be authorized to receive the same: And they most humbly pray, that, during their Service in maintaining the Garrisons, Your Majesty would be graciously pleased to free the said Inhabitants from all Manner of Payments, and other incumbent Charges, save only the necessary Quarter of Your Majesty's Armies in their March towards other Parts.
"And because many dissolute Persons, making Advantage of these distempered Times, and of the Abatement of the Edge of Justice, do without Restraint commit many heinous Offences, to the great Dishonour of Almighty God, and the Scandal of Your Royal Government established by the Laws of this Realm; they further humbly pray, that all Acts of Parliament unrepealed, and yet in Force, against such Offenders, may be presently put in Execution, by such Officers as the same Acts enable thereunto, without any their Disturbance in the due Execution thereof; and that all such Persons, that either (fn. 7) are, or have been, in Arms, or otherwise assistant to either Party, in this unhappy War, who for Fear have absented themselves from the Places of their usual Abode, or are imprisoned only as Favourers of the other Party, may be peaceably permitted to return to their wonted Habitations, and to the Obedience of the established Laws.
"And Your said Petitioners humbly desire Your Gracious Majesty to understand, that their frequent Meetings have been hitherto, as appears, for no other End, save only for Opportunity jointly to represent their great Grievances by this innocent and humble Way of Petitioning; and to unite themselves, as by the Purport of the Protestation and Your Majesty's Gracious Proclamations in their Behalf they humbly conceive they lawfully may do, for the Maintenance of their Religion, Laws, Liberties, and Properties, against all unlawful Violence and Plundering whatsoever, until it shall please Almighty God to put a Period to those sad Distractions.
"In the last Place, for the Prevention of all Misunderstanding, and for the fuller Expression of their peaceable Intentions in whatsoever may be requirable of them as touching the Premises, they do humbly beseech Your Gracious Majesty, that they may have Your Majesty's Warrant, for the safe Intercourse of those who shall be employed by them in Address to Your Sacred Majesty."
Letter from the Earl of Leven, and the Scotch Commissioners with their Army, that they are going to march into Worcestenshire; and for a Scots Garrison to be in Carlile.
"Wee have resolved, accordinge to your Lordship's Desire, to advance to Worcester, and are this Day to begin our March from hence, notwithstandinge of many Difficultyes and Wants. Your Lordships will bee particularly informed by our Commissioners, who are with you, concerning our Necessityes, and the Supplyes and Provisions which are desired; as alsoe concerning the Necessity of a Scottish Garrison and Governor in Carlile, for the Safety of our Borders, which wee looke upon as of such Consequence, as without it wee can expect noe better then that the malignant and disaffected Party in the Northerne Countyes of this Kingdome, and their Correspondents and Compleices in the Kingdome of Scotland, co-operating together, will make such Commotions and Troubles upon the Borders, as will necessitate the Estates of Scotland to recall this Army, or a Part thereof; all which, together with some other Perticulers, soe soone as they shall bee represented to your Lordships by our Commissioners upon the Place, wee intreate and expect from your Lordships that you will improve your Creditt with the Honnorable Houses of Parliament, that wee may have such a sattisfactory Answere retourned, as may bee an Encouragment to this Army in this Advance Southward, and may entertaine mutuall Trust and Confidence betweene the Kingdomes. Wee remaine
Paper from the Scots Commissioners, for a constant Supply of Money; for their Army to be supplied with Necessaries and Provisions on their March, with Ordnance, Ammunition, &c. and for it to be recruited with Men, Horses, and Arms.
"Wee are desired by the Comittee of Estates of the Kingdome of Scotland residing with the Scottish Army, now on their March to Worcester, to represent, by your Lordships, to the Honnorable Houses of Parliament, the Particulars following:
"That, for the better mannaging of the Warr, and that there may not bee Want of Provisions and other Necessaryes for the Army, as formerly there hath bin, to the greate Discouragment of the Souldiers, and Prejudice of the Publique Service, a Committee bee speedily sent from both Houses, according to the Treaty, to reside with the Army, authorised with Power for that Purpose.
"That, least the Army should bee reduced to Extreamityes through Want of their Pay, and the Countyes Unwillingnes to afford them Provisions, the Committee have Power to cause provide necessarye Entertainment for the Army, by Billett, Assessment, or otherwise.
"That, upon any necessary Occasion, some greate Ordnance, with their Furniture and Ammunition, and for the present 100 Barrells of Powder, with Match and Ball proportionable, bee provided, and sent to Coventry or Warwicke.
"That the additionall Forces of Horse and Foote, soe often promised, bee condescended upon, and made certaine, to joyne presently, and remaine constantly with the Army; the Forces formerly designed not being in Effect the Number they were esteemed; and those few that were drawne together being retourned to theire severall Garrisons, and are scarce a Strength sufficient to secure the Country from the Garrisons of Newarke and other Places.
"That, the Enemyes Strength consisting most in Horse, a competent Some may bee speedily provided, out of the Arreares due to the Army, for raiseing of 1000 Horse; and that Pistolls and Sadles bee provided for those Horse, and speedily sent to the Army.
"That, in every County where the Army shall come, a Proportion of Horse may bee afforded, upon reasonable Rates, to supply the Horses that shall faile upon Service, which is to bee discounted out of the Arreares of the Army, and paid to the Owner of the Horse by the Parliament; which, as it is most necessary for the Service, and keepeing the Number of the Cavalry entire, foe it will prevent the Prejudice and Complaints of the Country, from haveing their Horse taken without Sattisfaction.
"That, since now the Scottish Army, by whome the Northerne Countyes were reduced and kept in Obedience to the King and Parliament, is marched South, the Forces appointed by Ordinance of Parliament may bee speedily raised in the Northerne Countyes, and ordered to keepe the Feilds for the Security of the Northerne Parts, least the Malignants, joyning with the King's Garrisons, raise new Forces, and strengthen themselves, to the spoyling and wasting of the Country, or sending a Party to disturbe the Borders of Scotland; all which may now bee prevented with greater Ease and Security then afterward can bee remedied, and, if neglected, may prove the looseinge of the Northerne Countyes, and may occasion the draweinge backe the Scottish Army; who, findinge the North secured, and the Borders of Scotland free of Danger, will with the greater Confidence and Resolution prosecute the Warre in the South.
"That Fower Troopes from the Northerne Forces bee appointed to attend Colonel Walden, now Sheriff of the County of Northumberland; the Generall beinge to call away the Fower Troopes of the Scottish Cavalry that are with him for the present.
"That all Townes, Castles, Garrisons, Forts, Bridges, and Passes, under the Power of the Parliament, where the Scottish Army shall come, bee patent to them; and the Governors and Comaunders thereof, by Ordinance of Parliament, bee appointed and directed to assist and supply them upon all Occasions.