Magna Britannia: Volume 5, Derbyshire. Originally published by T Cadell and W Davies, London, 1817.
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Monasteries, Colleges, and Ancient Hospitals.
The Austin canons had a considerable abbey at Darley, near Derby, removed from St. Helen's, in the outskirts of that town. They had priories also at Repton and Gresley; the former priory had a cell at Calke. Dale Abbey was originally inhabited by Austin canons; these were soon succeeded by Premonstratensians, and it continued of that order till its dissolution : the Premonstratensians had also an abbey at Beauchief. A piece of ground at Ashborne was given for the erection of a cell for Cistertians belonging to Mireval Abbey, in Warwickshire (fn. n1); but it does not appear that the intention was ever carried into effect. The Cluniac monks of Bermondsey had a cell at Derby: the Benedictine nuns had a priory at that town. The Dominican friers had a priory also at Derby; the Austin friers a priory at Breadsall. The Knights Hospitallers had preceptories at Barrow (fn. n2) and Yeaveley; and it has been supposed that they had one also at Waingrif. The brethren of St. Lazarus had a preceptory, or hospital at Locko, formerly called Lokhay. The church of All Saints in Derby and that of Bakewell, were collegiate. There were two ancient hospitals at Derby. We have records of ancient hospitals also at Chesterfield; in the parish of Longford, between Bentley and Alkmanton; and in the High-Peak, between Hope and Castleton.
Borough and Market Towns.
The only parliamentary borough in the county is that of Derby, which has sent two members to parliament ever since the reign of Edward I. The county also sends two members. There are now sixteen market-towns, of which the following table will give the particulars. A list of Fairs is subjoined.