Middlesex County Records. Calendar of Sessions Books 1689-1709. Originally published by Middlesex County Record Society, London, 1905.
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Sessions Book 579—January, 1701.
Order for the churchwardens, &c., of St. Martin's-in-the-Fields to make a rate to raise £230 for the repair of the highways. Robert Mead has agreed to amend all the highways in the parish, which are to be mended with gravel, for £150; the remainder to be spent on repairing—(1) Paviour's work, amounting to 1,205 yards—before the old churchyard in St. Martin's Lane, 250 yards; in Church Lane, 326 yards; about the new churchyard, 69 yards; at the watch-house, upper end of Hedge Lane, 444 yards; at the almshouses in the parish of St. Anne's, 116 yards. (2) On mason's work, amounting to 3,246 feet of highways and pavements—in Church Lane, 785 feet; at the two doors at the east end of the church, 190 feet; the pavement in the old churchyard between the school-house to the steeple and on to St. Martin's Lane, 960 feet; the pavement by the stone stumps at the west end and the pavement towards the middle door, 935 feet, the stone steps in the old churchyard, 270 feet; the pavement and steps to the Lords' gallery, 106 feet (p. 21)
Order for the high and petty constables in the liberties of Westminster to require the inhabitants of the various streets, lanes, and passages to sweep and cleanse before their several doors, and make and continue a free passage in the kennels; the names of such as fail to do this to be reported to the Court (p. 24)
Ordered that the recognizances of William Glover and his sureties, John Gisburne and James Douglas, be estreated at the next Quarter Sessions unless cause is shown to the contrary. The charge against Glover was assaulting and wounding Charles Read (p. 25)
Order that the sum of £3 3s. 7d. due to Thomas Scrivener, late constable of Hyde Park Ward, in the parish of St. Martin's, should be paid, one-half by the churchwardens, &c., of St. Martin's, and the other half by the churchwardens of St. James' (p. 26)
Sessions Book 580—January, 1701.
Order of reference to certain Justices (named) to inspect and examine workmen's bills, for the repairing and cleansing a certain drain near St. Giles' Pound, in the parish of St. Giles'-in-the-Fields (p. 35)
Order for Henry Phipps, constable of the parish of St. Andrew's, Holborn, to deliver to Walter Gwillin "a brown coloured sattin woman's gown and petticoat and a white camblett woman's dust gown, both gowns lined with silk, and the petticoat fringed, and a little paper bagg with some knotted fringe in itt and two silver tipps for muggs," found by the said Walter Gwillin, in June last, in the New Buildings in Red Lion Fields, near Lamb's Conduit, and left in the hands of the said Mr. Phipps; he, the said Walter Gwillin, paying the charge of crying the goods and putting them in the garret (ibid.)
Order for the constables of the parishes of St. James', Clerkenwell, and St. Sepulchre's to deliver to Francis Gary and Judith his wife the several goods, household linen and wearing apparel [specified] which were lately stolen from them (p. 38)
Order in a dispute between the parishes of Ealing and St. Saviour's, Southwark, concerning the settlement of Hannah Emberson and her four children, Hannah, William, and Elizabeth Bews, and John Emberson. The said Hannah Emberson was married in 1699 to John Emberson in the Fleet Chapel, London, and in 1691 was married in the parish church of St. Mary, Islington, to John Bews, who was apprenticed to Affon Garnet, of the parish of St. Saviour's, Southwark, a perfumer of gloves (p. 40)
Sessions Book 581—March, 1701.
Order that Andrew Bargrave and John Jarman, former overseers of the poor in the division of Saffron Hill, Hatton Garden, and Ely Rents, St. Andrew's Parish, Holborn, deliver up to certain Justices an account of all "money by them received, and rated, and assessed, and not received, and of all other things concerning their said office" (p. 28)
John Pingally, otherwise Gill, convicted as a cheat, is'fined 3/4. He is ordered "to be stripped naked from the middle upwards and publicly whipped at a cart's tail until his body be bloody . . . in and through the whole length of Dean Street," in St. Ann's Parish, within the liberty of Westminster. He is remanded to Newgate until he undergo the punishment, then to be delivered, paying his fees, 17/6 (ibid.)
A letter, dated Council Chamber, at Kensington, the 16th of March, 17oo, from six Lords of the Council to the Justices of the Peace, requiring orders to be issued to the constables and others to use their endeavours to capture all deserters from the Fleet; and for their encouragement in this service, each constable who shall, by the 28th instant, put on board any of the King's ships or tenders "any such persons fit for service at sea," shall receive an allowance of 10/- per man [vide Sessions Book, No. 529, p. 33] (p. 33)
Francis Watson, convicted for a notorious conspiracy and misdemeanour, is fined 3/4, and ordered to be stripped naked from the middle upwards, and publicly whipped at a cart's tail until his body be bloody, from the Bars in the parish of St. Mary Matfellon, otherwise Whitechapel, "to and over against the church in the same parish, and back again from the church to the Bars aforesaid." He is committed to Newgate until he undergo the punishment, then to be delivered, paying his fees, 17/6 (p. 34)
Daniel Hayes, convicted of being a cheat, is fined £20. He is to be stripped naked from the middle upwards, and publicly whipped at a cart's tail until his body be bloody, from Temple Bar to "Chaireing" Cross, and to find sufficient sureties for two years, and for his appearance at the next Sessions after the end of the two years. He is remanded to Newgate until he pay the fine, undergo the punishment, and find such sureties; then to be delivered, paying his fees, 17/6 (ibid.)
Order requiring all constables and others "to be very diligent" in their search after persons keeping disorderly houses, and "such as haunt the same, and more particularly music houses, which tend only to the debauching of persons frequenting them." The said constables are to bring before the Justices "all such profane swearers, cursers, drunkards, and profaners of the Lord's Day as they shall hear, or be informed of, that they may be dealt with according to law." Better returns are expected than have been formerly made (p. 35)
Sessions Book 582—April, 1701.
Sessions Book 583—July, 1701.
The petition of John Andrew Hanckwits and Ann Walters, for the return of goods seized in their house as stolen property, referred to certain Justices for settlement. The petitioners had been acquitted of breaking into the house of Peter Hall and carrying away a great quantity of goods belonging to Margaret Pammell, and Hanckwits had also been acquitted of stealing 18 yards of gold lace from Edward Chamberlaine, and 20 ounces of silver lace from Alexander Mewer (p. 30)
On the report of certain Justices who had been appointed to consult with able workmen as to Hicks Hall, the Court directed that Mr. George Jackson take down the two end windows in the dining room there, and set up, in the best workmanlike manner, two new upright sash windows of the best glass in the place and stead thereof, and his bill is to be referred to the judgment of Richard Ryder. He is directed to view the cellar of Hicks Hall and to report at the next Quarter Sessions how best to repair it. The Justices reported that it was impracticable to continue the windows in the same form and to refixthe coats of arms entire in each window (p. 32)
Sessions Book 584—July, 1701.
Order for certain Justices of the Peace to obtain leave from the Dean and Chapter of the Collegiate Church of St. Peter, Westminster, to set up and place posts and rails upon the waste and common ground of Tuttlefield, in the parish of St Margaret, Westminster, adjoining the east side of the House of Correction, as well for the accommodation of the said House of Correction as for the inhabitants walking there, for air and for their health; a rate to be levied upon the said inhabitants to pay the costs thereof (ibid.)
Order for reducing the rate paid by all the inhabitants of the liberty of Westminster for maintaining William Laundy [Landy ?], a lunatic in "Bethlem" Hospital. Schedule of the different parishes and the sums to be paid by each. [Vide Sessions Book 476, p. 39] (p. 27)
Sessions Book 585—July & August, 1701.
Ordered that the two large windows in the Grand Jury Room, at Hicks Hall, be taken down by Mr. George Jackson, and that he make and set up new sash windows in place thereof, in such workmanlike manner and form as the sash windows lately made by him in the dining room of Hicks Hall; the bill to be submitted to the judgment of Richard Ryder, esquire (ibid.)
Order for William Haverland, gentleman, to pay the overseers, &c., of the precinct of St. Katherine's, the sum of 5/- weekly towards the support of his three grandchildren. Benjamin Collier, and Grace, his wife, the daughter of Haverland, had lived in a tenement in the precinct, rented at £3 per annum, but six months ago they had privately made away with their goods and run away, leaving their children destitute, and the grandfather, though "of sufficient ability," would not provide for them (p. 48)
The churchwardens, &c., of the parish of Ealing represent to the Court that they pay £16 and upwards rent for certain poor people in their parish; that there is a building on a waste piece of ground belonging to the parish which is now out of repair and "untenantable," but it can be repaired for £50, and accommodate eight poor persons; that using this house will save £12 a year to the parish. Leave is asked to levy a rate of 3d. in the pound to pay for the repairs. Order granted accordingly (p. 50)
Petition of divers inhabitants of Mile End against the inequalities of their rates, complaining that the churchwardens, &c., "and others that join with them to make the poor rate are several of them men of great personal estates and also occupiers of great numbers of acres of land to a great value, and the better to favour themselves of one half of what they ought to pay," have agreed to make the rate as unequal as before. The Court refers the complaint to several of the Justices for settlement (p. 53)
Order discharging Joseph Wallis, son of John Wallis, victualler, of the parish of St. Andrew, Holborn, from his apprenticehood with Edmund Palmer, painter, of St. Giles'-in-the-Fields. Palmer had for a long time left his house where his family dwelt, and lives in the Temple to avoid his creditors, only coming home on Sundays (p. 55)
Two Justices report that they have viewed a street lying between the upper end of St. Martin's Lane and Castle Street in the parishes of St. Martin's-in-the-Fields and St. Anne's, Westminster, and St. Andrew's Street, in the parish of St. Giles'-in-the-Fields, on the east end thereof, and Litchfield Street and a certain street called West Street on the west end thereof. Some part of the street is paved with stone, and the other part, between the houses and yards of Mr. Hall, Mr. Arnold, and Mr. Tomes, on the south side, and the houses of Elizabeth Radlidge, James Dewsuetty and two other empty houses on the north side, containing in all about 377 yards, remains unpaved, "which is a great nuisance." The Justices further report that about 100 yards more of the paving at the ends of Litchfield Street and West Street ought to be relaid. Order made for the work to be done before the next Sessions (p. 57)
Order to the head constables in the divisions of Finsbury, Holborn, Kensington, and the Tower to require the petty constables of the various parishes to make out a return of all persons who sell beer and ale, such returns to be presented at the next Sessions (p. 58)
On the complaint that the returns made by the constables of the various freeholders, liable to serve on juries, is very defective, the high constables of the various divisions of the county are ordered to obtain accurate returns from the different parishes, through the petty constables, by next Quarter Sessions. (p. 59)
Complaint made by Michael Beckley and John Grange that for many years they have had apartments in that part of the Hospital called the Pest House which is assigned by the Lord Mayor and Aldermen to Nicholas Woollaston as keeper of the Pest House, and that they are rated 2d. per week for the relief of the poor of St. Giles', Cripplegate; that last year their goods were distrained upon, and that they are again threatened with another distraint. They claim that the Hospital is exempt from parish rates. The churchwardens, &c., in their reply state that the Pest House is now divided and let by the keeper in separate tenements at yearly rents. The Court dismisses the complaint, and orders the payment of the rates (p. 60)
Order for paving, by the first day of the next Sessions, the street northward from Shoreditch Church towards Kingsland, from the paved causeway at the south end thereof as far as it is now built on both sides. The petition of the inhabitants sets out that by Act 34 and 35 Henry VIII the paving of the street from Bishopsgate to and above Shoreditch Church had been directed to be done by a time limited; yet "it doth so happen that the said Act hath not been duly and fully complied with," and the road is almost impassable in winter. The petitioners pray the Court to order that the Act be put into operation. Ordered accordingly (p. 63)
Sessions Book 586—September, 1701.
Order as to the settlement of Richard Reevs, Ann his wife, and their three children, Richard, Amy, and May. The dispute is between the parish of St. Leonard's, Shoreditch, and Bethnal Green Hamlet (p. 39)
Order for the augmentation of James Calliday's pension. The said Calliday was formerly a lieutenant on the "Royal Charles," and served in several engagements, when "he lost one of his eyes and received several wounds in his body" (p. 41)
Order for the discharge of James Newth, apprenticed to Sarah Fellows and Lydia Peirce, "co-partners, late of Gosport, in the county of Southampton, musicianers." The said partners afterwards removed to the sign of the Rising Sun, in the precinct of St. Katherine, near the Tower. Newth, being neglected, "entered himself" on board H.M. ship "Norwich" (p. 42)
Renewal of the order as to the keeping of strict watches, within the parishes, hamlets, &c., in and near the suburbs of the city. The same are to be kept until Lady Day next, from sunset until sunrise (p. 43)
Sessions Book 587—October, 1701.
Address to the King from 23 Justices, expressing their "detestations of the perfidiousness of the French King, in assuming to himself the disposal of your Majesty's kingdoms to the pretended Prince of Wales." Twenty-one names follow the signatures of the Justices, headed "Grand Jury" (p. 20)
Sessions Book 588—October, 1701.
Order of reference as to the matters in difference between Thomas Moore and Robert Perry, of St. Mary-le-Savoy, barber and periwig maker, and Sarah his wife, John Church and Charles Lilly, his servants, and Peter Spier, for a riot and assault upon the said Moore (p. 35)
Report of the Justices who had been appointed to view the road from Shoreditch Church to Kingsland. They find that all the inhabitants and proprietors of lands and houses on both sides of the road, from the dwellinghouse of William Wood, chandler, at the south end of the street, to the house of Timothy Ware, blacksmith, northward, have well and sufficiently paved and amended the same; that the inhabitants have for many years kept the pavement in repair at the south end; and further, that the part from Timothy Ware's house northward has, time out of mind, been repaired by the parish of Shoreditch. The Court confirmed the report. [Vide Sessions Book 585, p. 63] (p. 48)
Order on the report of the Justices appointed to consider the petition of divers inhabitants of Mile End against the inequality of the rates. [Vide Sessions Book 585, p. 53.] It is found that the rates are very partial and unequal, and they are therefore quashed, and a new rate ordered to be levied (p. 55)
Sessions Book 589—December, 1701.
In the case of the bastard daughter of Mary Jeffries, single woman, of St. Dunstan's, Stepney, the churchwardens, &c., had obtained security of £100 from the reputed father, Robert Jackson, a lieutenant in one of the King's ships. The father of Mary Jeffries petitions the Court to order the churchwardens, &c., to pay to him £10 for the cost of maintaining the child since its birth, he being very poor. Order made accordingly (p. 40)
Order granting a pension, from the Maimed Soldiers' Fund, of 52/- a year to Edward Howell, of St. Martin's-in-the-Fields. He had served King Charles II both in the Horse Guards and Foot Guards, and was now very old and blind (ibid.)
Order for the high constables of the several divisions of the county to deliver to the Clerk of the Peace at his office "adjoining to the Cursitor's Office in Chancery Lane," by the 2nd of January, an account of all moneys received, expended, remaining in their hands, &c., for carrying out the Act for punishing vagrants "and sending them whither by law they ought to be sent." The high constables are to attend the next Quarter Sessions for further direction (p. 43)