Middlesex County Records. Calendar of Sessions Books 1689-1709. Originally published by Middlesex County Record Society, London, 1905.
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Sessions Book 624—January, 1705.
Sessions Book 625—January, 1705.
Copy of an Order in Council, dated St. James', 2 January, 1704–5, to the Justices to assist in the work of raising the recruits required for carrying on the war. The account of their proceedings and the number and names of recruits to be returned by 15 February (p. 23)
A complaint had been made to the Court by certain inhabitants of the parish of St. Andrew, Holborn, of the inequality of the rates, and complaining that there are 200 inhabitants, renting houses at from £5 to £30 per annum, who are not rated, and an appeal had been made for a new rate. The matter had been referred to certain of the Justices for investigation, but they had "been for the most part out of town ever since," and so had not met. The Court enlarges the committee of reference, and gives instructions to report at the next Court of Quarter Sessions (p. 25)
Order for the churchwardens, &c., of the liberty of Norton Folgate to make a rate to reimburse John Lambert and Edward Rowley, overseers, £20 4s. 8d. due to them, as "being tradesmen they have occasion for their money" (p. 27)
Order concerning the settlement of Sarah, the pretended wife of John Marshall Deane, in the parish of St. Paul's, Covent Garden. The dispute is between Christ Church, Surrey, and St. Paul's, Covent Garden (p. 29)
Order discharging Thomas Puckle from serving as a headborough of the liberty of Hoxton, in the parish of St. Leonard's, Shoreditch, as "he is very aged and infirm in body, and ought not to be chosen" (p. 30)
The order of certain Justices concerning the settlement of Mary Wa[w]ford, otherwise Waller, widow, with her children, Philip, Mary, and John, in Aldenham, was quashed by the Court. The dispute is between the parishes of Aldenham (Herts) and Hendon (p. 31)
Order concerning the settlement of Nicholas Griffith, Elizabeth, his wife, and two children, Eleanor and Elizabeth, in the parish of St. James', Clerkenwell. The dispute is between the parishes of Stepney and Clerkenwell (ibid.)
The churchwardens of St. Leonard's, Shoreditch, John Cayborne and John Hawkins, state that, in 1702, William Miller and John Bradshaw were overseers, and have still in their hands certain money which they refuse to pay, alleging that their successors, Thomas Cockey and William Skelton, have in their hands money which they refuse to account for. The petition of the churchwardens that all four may be called before the Court is referred to several of the Justices, who are to investigate the matter and take such action as they think fit (p. 32)
The appeal of Alice Ballard, of the hamlet of Wapping, Stepney, against her poor rate being raised from £4 10s. to £8 5s., is allowed. She states that she has been a widow for four years and has lost over £200 (p. 34)
The petition of John Chandler, apprentice to Benjamin Teale, apothecary, of the parish of St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, to be released from his apprenticehood, was dismissed, as there was no just cause shown for a discharge. It was shown that £30 had been paid as a premium (p. 36)
Elizabeth Saunderson ordered to be put in the pillory in Covent Garden against the "Pay Office for Prizes" for one hour, on a pay day between the hours of 11 and 1, "at the same time Barnaby Hands is whipped round the square" (p. 37)
The churchwardens, &c., of the parish of St. Andrew's, Holborn, complain to the Court that George Hovey, his wife and child, legally settled in the parish, have for several months been chargeable to the parish. He had been confined in the Marshalsea for 2½ years at the suit of Thomas Stapleton, his brother-in-law, where he was almost starved to death, and is now so weak that he cannot get a livelihood for himself. His mother, Frances Hovey, widow, lives in the parish in a house of the yearly value of £32, and is of sufficient ability to relieve her son, but refuses to do so. The Court orders Frances Hovey to pay 2/6 a week towards the relief of her son to the churchwardens, &c. (p. 41)
The appeal of Nicholas Dove, coachman to Sir John Parsons, knight, late Lord Mayor of London, against a Justices' order adjudging him to be the father of the male bastard child of Jane Clarke, of St. Margaret's, Westminster, was allowed, and the Justices' order against him was discharged (p. 43)
Order for the churchwardens, &c., of the parish of Edmonton to make a rate for the purpose of paying certain undischarged accounts for wooden rails and gravel, incurred by the surveyors in repairing the highways, in 1698, to Dorothy Gower, Elizabeth Bellis, Margaret Duck, and George Ebbs. (p. 44)
Information is given to the Court that many streets and lanes in Spitalfields have been lighted both with convex lamps and with other glass lamps, and that great confusion had in consequence arisen, some of the Justices having approved of one kind being used, and some of the other. Many of the inhabitants, too, exempt themselves from the penalty of 2/- per night for not hanging out a light by sometimes pretending that they contribute to one kind and sometimes to the other kind. The Court refers the matter to certain of the Justices, who are to examine how the streets are lighted—with lamps of any sort, or by the inhabitants themselves with candles and lanthorns. They are to report to the next Quarter Sessions (p. 48)
Order granting a pension of 40/- year to Thomas Fenwick, of the parish of St. Paul's, Shadwell, out of the Disabled Soldiers' Fund. He had been pressed, and, while serving in H.M.S. "Newark," lost his right hand in an engagement with the French fleet off the coast of Malaga, 13 August, 1704. (p. 49)
Sessions Book 626—February, 1705.
Order as to the settlement of Phœbe, Deborah, Hannah, and James, children of John Grimes, and Hannah, his wife. The dispute is between the parishes of Farnham in Surrey and Mile End New Town, Stepney. (p. 21)
Order of reference concerning the accounts of Nicholas Griffin and Thomas Rascoe, former surveyors of the highways of Ratcliffe, the nomination of new surveyors, and the making of a rate for repairing the highways of the said hamlet (p. 22)
Order of reference concerning the accounts of —— Rose, and John Swetman, constables, of St. Clement Danes, of moneys by them received for passing vagrants; and to order the payment of money remaining due to Nathaniel Chandler, gentleman, high constable of Holborn (p. 25)
Order to certain Justices to take the accounts of Abraham Arlidge, and Thomas Field, trustees of certain houses and garden ground in Hogsden [Hoxton], St. Leonard's Parish, Shoreditch (purchased in the name of several inhabitants of the liberty of Saffron Hill, Hatton Garden, and Ely Rents, St. Andrew's Parish, Holborn, in trust for the poor of the said liberty), and concerning moneys and securities by them received as fines from inhabitants wishing to be excused from serving parish offices (p. 27)
The Justices are desired to meet at Hicks Hall, on Thursday, the 15th of March, at 9 a.m., in order "to ascertain the sums in the rate upon the several parishes for reimbursing the constables the money due to them for passing vagrants" (p. 60)
Sessions Book 627—April, 1705.
A complaint by "some" military officers concerning the quartering, billeting, &c., of regiments, &c., in the liberty is referred to certain of the Justices, who are to take such course therein as they shall think most desirable (p. 19)
Order concerning the settlement of Katherine King, widow, and her children Mary, Sarah, Margaret, and Katherine, in the parish of St. Anne's, Westminster. The dispute is between the parishes of St. Michael's, Bassishaw, and St. Anne's (ibid.)
Order for a certain number of Justices to sit every day at St. Martin's Vestry to carry out the provisions of the Act for better recruiting His Majesty's forces until the next Quarter Sessions. Warrants under this Act are to be executed only by the officers named in them, and within eight days of their issue (p. 23)
Order for the churchwardens, &c., of St. Anne's, Westminster, to pay £3 2s. 10½d. to Melcher Scholts, constable for Gerrard Street Ward in 1699, money expended by him in passing and relieving the poor (ibid.)
Sessions Book 628—April, 1705.
Orders appointing treasurers for the maimed soldiers' and sailors' fund:— Ralph Bucknall, for the hundreds of Ossulston, Edmonton, and Gore; James Hawley, esquire, for the hundreds of Elthorne, Spelthorne, and Isleworth.
Order discharging an order made last Sessions by the Court imposing a fine of £10 on John Farrington, one of the bailiffs of the sheriffs of the county, on cause shown that the order made against him was illegal. Lockey Hill, a debtor in the Marshalsea, had obtained an order from two of the Justices under the Act for Discharging Insolvent Debtors, who are willing to serve in the army or navy, and on the sheriff refusing to discharge him, the last Court of Quarter Sessions fined Farrington £10 for contempt. Farrington showed that Hill's application for discharge was not made in proper form (p. 23)
Order discharging John Storye, of the liberty of Whitechapel, in the parish of St. Giles', Cripplegate, from serving as scavenger, on the ground that he is no tradesman, and only clerk to Alexander Pitfield, one of the Justices, and obliged daily to attend his master, and not liable to be chosen to serve the said office (p. 25)
Order for the same churchwardens, &c., to make a rate for reimbursing Richard Crispe, late surveyor of the highways of the Green Street quarter of Enfield, the sum of £5 5s. 0d. expended by him (p. 28)
Thomas Hunt, constable, of Harrow Weald, Edward Wright, constable of Roxeth, Joseph Swayne, constable of Sudbury, Thomas Goldsmith, constable of Wembley and Alperton, and Richard Constable, of Harrow Town, all in the parish of Harrow, represent that they have each served as constable for a year, and that no court leet has been held at which new constables might be appointed, and pray the Court to discharge them from office, and to appoint new constables. The Court orders their discharge, and further nominate constables as follows:—Humphrey Bishop, yeoman, for Harrow Weald; Abraham Bush, yeoman, for Roxeth; Thomas Sexton, yeoman, for Sudbury; Thomas Jarvis, yeoman, for Wembley and Alperton; and William Awsitor, of Harrow Town (p. 29)
Order of the keeper of New Prison to bring into Court on Wednesday next Rachel, the wife of William Jefferson, late of the parish of St. James', yeoman, otherwise called Rachel Peirson, who at the December Sessions was convicted for being a common bawd, and procuring several evil-disposed persons as well men as women, &c., for which she was fined £100, and ordered to be kept in prison till she found security for her good behaviour for the rest of her life, to answer to this Court for another misdemeanour. (ibid.)
Order granting to Jonathan Cousens, mariner, of the parish of Whitechapel, a pension of £3 yearly out of the Maimed Soldiers', &c., Fund. He had been pressed into the service, and three years before his application for a pension had lost the sight of his left eye while serving on H.M.S. "Barfleur" (p. 37)
Order discharging Daniel French from his apprenticehood with Nathan Bayley, schoolmaster, of St. Botolph's, Bishopsgate, on the ground that Bayley had refused to provide for him or instruct him (p. 38)
Order confirming the order of two Justices concerning the settlement of Elizabeth Warburton, widow, and William and Thomas, her children, in St. Olave's, Hart Street. The dispute is between the parishes of St. Olave's, Hart Street, and St. James', Westminster (p. 40)
Order for the churchwardens, &c., of the parish of Hornsey, to make a rate for repairing the highways of the parish, especially the common road, from the sign of the Nag's Head, Highgate, to the sign of the King's Arms there, leading to Finchley (p. 41)
Complaint of the churchwardens, &c., of St. Andrew's, Holborn, that about a year ago John Leonard, a leatherseller, was chosen as overseer by John Metcalfe, esquire, against the consent of the churchwardens, &c. About four months afterwards Leonard was discharged from his office by the Court of Quarter Sessions for his misbehaviour. Mr. Metcalfe and some other Justices have chosen Leonard again this year, together with one Francis Ladd, a person "who goes to Jacobite meetings and never took the oath to the late or present Government"; others are chosen who have never served before, new-comers, and persons of mean circumstances. The Court orders the discharge of John Leonard, and that the money due to him be paid by the churchwardens, &c. John Ladd having been tendered and refused the oaths of allegiance, is not, in the opinion of the Court, a person fully qualified to serve the office to which he has been chosen. Further, the Court orders the Justices of the Division at the next Petty Sessions held at the Court-house in Bloomsbury, to examine into the complaints and appoint substantial householders as overseers (p. 42)
James Hawley, esquire, appointed treasurer for the Maimed Soldiers' Fund for the hundreds of Elthorne, Spelthorne, and Isleworth, in the place of Richard Morgan, and the accounts to be audited (p. 45)
Hugh Smythson, esquire, convicted for assaulting and wounding Sir Hugh Smythson, baronet, his father, and attempting to murder him, is fined £25, and ordered to find sureties to keep the peace for seven years: he is committed to Newgate (p. 46)
The report of the Justices appointed to audit the accounts of Henry Hawley, esquire, treasurer of the bridge money, is confirmed by the Court. The accounts are set out:—£11 10s. 5d. spent in paying the arrears due to the carpenters for repairing that part of Chertsey Bridge which is in the county; £6 3s. 0d. was paid to John Aylward, surveyor of the bridges, for gravelling and repairing Brentford Bridge; and £3 19s. 0d. to the same Aylward, for repairing a timber wharf at the south-west side of the same bridge (p. 47)
Order for Abraham Arlidge and Thomas Field, pretended trustees of some houses and garden ground in Hogsden (Hoxton) in the parish of St. Leonard's, Shoreditch, belonging to the liberty of Saffron Hill, Hatton Garden, and Ely Rents, purchased in the name of several inhabitants of the said liberty, to deliver up to the churchwardens, &c., of the liberty the sum of £27 remaining in their hands, and also a note for £18 given by Mr. Richard Hinde. The dispute had been referred to certain Justices. [Vide Sessions Book 626, p. 27.] The pretended trustees asserted that the premises in Hogsden were very ruinous, and that all but 40/- out of the £27 had been expended in necessary repairs. The Justices reported that the trustees had received rent for the premises which ought to have been expended in repairs, that they could make little or nothing of the receipts and bills which the trustees presented; that the £27 was intended for the immediate relief of the poor; and that most of the repairs were done since the first order of the Court (pp. 50–54)
Order for the raising of £400 from the various divisions of the county to pay the expenses incurred by the constables in the county in passing vagrants in accordance with the Act 11 & 12 William III (pp. 54–59)
Order concerning the Petty Sessions at Bloomsbury. The Court having information that Petty Sessions are held in several places in the Holborn Division, and that parish officers are frequently summoned to attend at several places at one and the same time, is of opinion that the Petty Sessions should be held at the known and usual place in each division, and that no such Sessions should be held during General or Quarter Sessions (p. 60)
Sessions Book 629—May, 1705.
Mr. Robert Auger, churchwarden of St. Andrew's, Holborn, complains that he, with others, has been summoned by Thomas Leonard to attend a Petty Sessions, at the King's Head, Middle Row, Holborn, "while this Court of Quarter Sessions is sitting." This is against the known rules and practice of this Court; and Mr. Leonard is ordered to attend on Thursday to show cause, &c. (p. 41)
The petition of John Hayden to be released from his apprenticehood with Peter Narbond, barber and periwig maker, of the parish of Wapping, was dismissed, the Court not considering the charge of ill-usage had been proved (p. 41)
John Spurrell, of the hamlet of Ratcliffe, mariner, complains to the Court that, though an order of this Court in the ninth year of King William III reduced his assessment, yet of late an over-rate had been made, first of 6/-, and then of 12/-. Although he had shown the churchwarden the order of the Court, yet, when the petitioner was absent, the churchwarden had unbolted and unlocked his doors and made a distress, carrying away a piece of plate which he still detains. The Court ordered the return of the plate, and fixed the assessment of Spurrell at 20/- (p. 42)
The petition of James Roebotham to be discharged from his apprenticehood with John Groscort, dancing master, on the ground that he had frequently beaten him in a very inhuman and cruel manner, was dismissed, the charge not having been proved (p. 43)
Martha Smith, widow of Samuel Smith, sailmaker, of St. Paul's, Shadwell, complained to the Court that Arabella Yarwell, daughter of John Yarwell, citizen and spectacle maker, who, in 1694, had been apprenticed to her late husband for 13 years, had, at the instigation of Ann Taylor, deserted her service; further the petitioner declared that she could not well manage her business without her apprentice. The Court ordered the apprentice to return to her mistress (p. 44)
Order for Hannah Moor, convicted of petty larceny, to be forthwith stripped naked from the middle upwards and publicly whipped at a cart's tail from the corner of Lord Aylesbury's wall against the watch-house, near St. John's Street, to the end of Mutton Lane, in the parish of St. James', Clerkenwell (p. 45)
Sessions Book 630—June, 1705.
The Court represents to the Dean and Chapter of Westminster that the keeper of the Gatehouse, Captain William Taylor, has neglected to attend the Court on two occasions, so that two persons who were committed to his custody by the Court escaped, viz., Sara Huffield and Morgan Lloyd (ibid.)
Sessions Book 631—July, 1705.
Order for an adjournment of the appeal as to the settlement of Martha, wife of Allen Purdey, and their two children, Thomas and Elizabeth. The dispute is between the parishes of Portsmouth and Shadwell (p. 40)
Upon the petition of the overseers of the poor of St. Martin's-in-theFields, showing that the 10 overseers (named) for 1703 hold certain moneys, for the use of the poor of the said parish, which they refuse to pay the petitioners without the order of the Court, it is ordered that the said money be paid to the petitioners (p. 41)
Order for Richard Ryder, J.P., to view New Prison and Hicks Hall, to take an account in writing of the repairs required, and to agree with Thomas Little, bricklayer, and Paul Cowley, carpenter, with regard to the allowance for the said repairs (p. 46)
Upon the petition of Clement Mew, of the hamlet of Wapping, Stepney, showing that he holds eight acres of ground in the said hamlet, for which he is over-rated, and praying to be eased in the said rate, it is ordered to be referred to certain Justices (named), who are to report upon the case (p. 47)
Upon the petition of Alice Ballard, of the hamlet of Wapping, Stepney, widow, showing that she has been over-rated, and praying relief in the premises, it is ordered that a reduction be made in her poor rate (p. 49)
Sessions Book 632—August, 1705.
The appeal of St. Martin's, otherwise Carfax, in Oxford, as to the settlement of Mary, wife of John Chillingworth, and Mary and Frances, their children (removed from Mile End New Town), allowed (p. 47)
Upon the dispute between William Dyott, of Plum Street, in the parish of St. Giles'-in-the-Fields, gentleman, and Elizabeth Holmes, his former servant, concerning the wages due to the said Elizabeth, it is referred to James Mundy, J.P., to examine into the truth of the matter (p. 49)
William Dounton and Thomas Randall, former scavengers of St. Katherine's, refuse to give any account of the receipts and disbursements relating to their office, without having an extravagant allowance made them for their expenses; it is therefore referred to certain Justices, who, in case the said Thomas and William refuse to render the required accounts, are to commit them to prison without bail (p. 52)
Order on the petition of Mary Edwards, of the liberty of Saffron Hill, St. Andrew's Parish, Holborn, widow. Shows that she is in a very weak condition, and has two children, one of whom, Christian, is a cripple, and that she had a pension allowed her for the maintenance of the said Christian, but the overseers have stopped payment of the same. She prays that it may be restored. Now upon hearing what was alleged by the churchwardens and overseers, who insisted that the petitioner was by law obliged to wear a badge, which she refused to do, and it appearing that the said pension was allowed for the support of Christian, her daughter, who wears the badge, and that the petitioner desires no allowance for herself, it is ordered that all arrears be paid, and the pension continued for the use of the said cripple (p. 53)
Order for Mr. Momford, churchwarden of St. Mary's, Whitechapel, to pay Bethia, daughter of Leonard Johnson, deceased, certain money due to her late father for repairing the watch-house and for keeping an extraordinary watch between Mile End and Bow (p. 54)
"A meeting of a congregation for religious worship is certified and allowed to be at the dwelling house of Mr. Robert Greenough in Ealing Parish, certified by Mr. Hancks of the sheriff's office" (p. 72)
Sessions Book 633—October, 1705.
Order for James Armaret, an overseer of the hamlet of Hammersmith, to pay to William Rogers, a former chapelwarden, the sum of £30 16s. 5d. due to him, and which had been collected on a rate ordered by this Court to be made (ibid.)
Petition of the overseers of the liberty of Saffron Hill, Hatton Garden, and Ely Rents, setting forth that Anne Ashton, wife to the only son of the Honourable Colonel William Ashton, and her child, had become chargeable to the parish, as Colonel Ashton had sent his son to sea as a common sailor, and would afford no relief. An order had been made by the Court for Colonel Ashton to appear, but as he was out of town the order could not be served on him. The Court on proof that he was duly served with a copy of the first order, and that he was of good substance and ability, orders him to provide for Anne Ashton and her child at his own charge (p. 37)
Order for Hayford Wainwright, crier of the Court, to pay to Edward Mawle the sum of £18 10s. 0d. on the petition of Thomas Little, bricklayer. Little had been employed to repair the New Prison, and the materials he used in doing so were provided by the above-named Mawle (p. 39)
On the petition of Anne Alay, widow, of the parish of St. Andrew's, Holborn, setting forth that she is over-rated for the relief of the poor, and in mean circumstances, the Court orders that the rate of 20/- per annum be reduced to 10/- (p. 40)
Order concerning the settlement of Katherine King, and her children, Mary, Sarah, Margaret, and Katherine, in the parish of St. Bride's, Fleet Street, quashed by the Court. The dispute is between the parishes of St. Bride's and St. Anne's, Westminster (ibid.)
Order for William Dyott, gentleman, to pay to his servant, Elizabeth Holmes, the sum of £7 17s. 6d., wages due to her, on the report of Mr. Sergeant Mundy, to whom the matter had been referred. Dyott being present in Court, and refusing to pay, is committed to the New Prison till the money is paid (p. 42)
Sessions Book 634—December, 1705.
Letter to Wriothesley, Duke of Bedford, Custos Rotulorum, signed by nine members of the Council, and dated from the Council Chamber at St. James's, 29 November, 1705, recommending to his grace and the Justices of the Peace the vigorous execution of the Act for raising recruits for the land forces and marines, in order to enable them early to enter upon action next spring (p. 43)
Discharge of the order of the 12th of October last, whereby Edward Minton, of Henrietta Street, St. Paul's Parish, Covent Garden, victualler, was adjudged to be the father of Barbara Fenwick's child, Mary, who was born in the said parish on the 9th of September last (p. 49)
Memoranda:—" Aylesbury Chapel, in the parish of St. James', Clerkenwell, is appointed a meeting place for religious worship for protestants dissenting from the Church of England, and so certified 4 December, 1705," &c. (p. 80)