The Register: The Subsidy for the Holy Land

Pages 102-105

Register and Records of Holm Cultram. Originally published by T Wilson & Son, Kendal, 1929.

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The Subsidy for the Holy Land.

294. (C. pp. 277–281).—Memorandum that the abbot and convent of Holm, collectors of the tenth for King Edward [I] as a subsidy for [the war in] the Holy Land, for six years in the diocese of Carlisle, have rendered their account in advance of the time on Monday iv Id. Jul. [July 12], 1294, to the Carmelite brothers in London by William de Brampton and Radulph de Insula, clerks and proctors for the abbey. They account for £314 15s. 1d. of arrears from the previous year and £321 1s. 8½d. being the whole tithe of all goods spiritual and temporal in the diocese, with the tithe of the variable income of the archdeaconry of Carlisle for the third year; also 3¼d., being tithe of the temporals of the prior of Carlisle in the city of Carlisle for houses rebuilt after a fire, from which in this third year the prior gets only 2s. 8d. as certified by the abbot of Holmcoltran after an enquiry authorized by the bishops. Total received, £635 17s. 0¾d, of which is allocated to them for the third year, on the scale assigned in the accounts of the first and second years, £4 4s. 1¼d.

The collectors therefore owe £631 12s. 11½d., of which they ask for an allowance for the tithe of St. Leonard's hospital from Bewcastle (Bothecaster) taxed in the original at half a mark yearly, 2s.—i.e. 8d. for this year and 16d. for the two years past; because the said proctors say that the hospital formerly received half a mark yearly from a field (cultura) it has in Bewcastle, but has received nothing since the concession of this tithe, as is found by the abbot of Holmcoltran on his enquiry. On the three usual heads the proctors reply as in past years, without anything to add or alter. Note however that nothing has yet been allowed to them for expenses. Note also that the collectors are instructed to enquire every year as to the temporal properties of the prior of Carlisle and of the abbot of Holmcoltran in the city of Carlisle, destroyed by fire, in order that the tithe may be required of them as the income and property return to their former condition.

Albert. John.

King Edward acknowledges payment into the Exchequer from Holmcoltran abbey of £166 17s. 2½d. on account of tithes as subsidy for the Holy Land, by William de Asmonderlawe, servant (valletus) of the abbot. Witness—W[illiam de Marchia], bishop of Bath and Wells, treasurer, Westminster, October 4th, 22nd year of the reign [1294].

Day of St. Clement the Martyr [Jan. 23rd], 1296, at the New Temple, London, Nicholas de Pikering, clerk, proctor of the abbot and convent of Holm, collectors of the tithe, etc. for King Edward as a subsidy for the Holy Land for six years, granted by the bishops of Winchester and Lincoln in the city and diocese of Carlisle, renders account for the first three years as follows. They account for £767 4s. 11¼d., the whole tithe of spirituals in the diocese of Carlisle, with that of the variable income of the archdeaconry, for the first three years; viz. for each year £255 14s. 11¾d. Also for £184 2s. 9d., the whole tithe of all temporals; viz. for each year £61 7s. 7d., and 3¼d. the tithe of the temporals of the prior of Carlisle in Carlisle city [as before]. Total for three years, £951 7s. 11½d., of which they have paid to Reyner Bellinzonis of the society of the Pu[lci] and Rembertini at Florence £73 15s. 1¼d., as by letter of acquittance from that merchant; to the same by the prior of Carlisle, as by another letter, 200 marks; and to the same by the same £121 18s. 4¼d.; total, £319 OS. 1½d. Balance in hand £632 7s. 10d., of which they say the king has received £631 11s. 2½d., as by two receipts from him in their possession. They therefore owe 16s. 7½d. which is allowed to them in part payment of £20 for expenses of the three years, viz. to the prior and convent of Carlisle, 10 marks for the first year during which they were collectors, and to the abbot and convent of Holm, 20 marks for the second and third years. The balance of the expenses, £19 3s. 4½d., to be paid to one of the collectors.

294 a. (H. 2).—Account of the abbot of Holm and the prior of Wedirhale, collectors of the moiety of the diocese of Carlisle, of which a tithe as subsidy for the Holy Land was granted to the king to recover the land of the king of Biscay (Vasconia) occupied by the French king, according to the taxation of the tithe last made, excepting rectories not held in plurality and not exceeding 10 marks yearly, by letters patent of September 30th, 22–23 Edward [1294–95.]

They account for £1431 18s. 8¼d. [sources as above] as contained in detail in the roll they have delivered at the Treasury, except £119 12s. 1¼d., moiety of the property of the bishop of Carlisle, who gave £200 to the king towards the subsidy, among other bishops, as stated in a schedule attached to the rolls of memoranda, Michaelmas term in the first part of the 23rd year; for which the bishop will make a statement below. They have paid into the Treasury by three tallies £980 and owe £460 18s. 8¼d.

The same abbot and prior, for expenses and disbursements in collecting and forwarding coin from Carlisle to London on several occasions, £33 6s. 8¼d. They therefore account for £418 12s., balance of the moiety of benefices and goods of clergy in the diocese of Carlisle, as in the account for the same in roll 3. Paid into the Treasury by the abbot of Holm £394 6s., and by the abbot and prior £23 5s.; and they are quit.

[Canon James Wilson noted that in H. 2 there is a similar account for the following year, but that these accounts are not among the Clerical Subsidies at the Public Record Office. It is obvious that some of the figures do not work out correctly, probably owing to mistakes by the copyist.]

294 b. (H. 2).—Cumbria. The Treasury on May 28th directs Holm abbey that of £294 13s. 4d. owed to the king for victuals bought by them of the late King Edward [II] at Holm, they may pay the king 50 marks a year.

In 4 Edward III [1330] Holm abbey is informed that of £294 13s. 4d. owed to the king for victuals lately bought at Carlisle, £14 13s. 4d. must be paid at once, and afterwards 60 marks yearly; the sureties being the prior of Carlisle and Ranulph de Osmonderlawe.

Ranulph de Osmonderlawe and partners are informed that of £9 9s. 4d. owed to the king for victuals lately bought at Carlisle, they must pay at once 29s. 4d. and afterwards 40s. yearly; the surety being Thomas, abbot of Holm [i.e. Thomas de Talkane, abbot c. 1330–36].