Register and Records of Holm Cultram. Originally published by T Wilson & Son, Kendal, 1929.
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157. (C. pp. 126–128; D. art. 81).—Waldeve f. Gamell, with consent of his heir, grants to Holm abbey in the field of Kirkebythore the land called Toftes and Hale, and all the land and marsh within the monks' dyke under Sperstanerig except the land of the church and that of Robert de Broy which he gave the monks in exchange; and at the head of the aforesaid dyke he gives them two acres, i.e. upon Wartheberh, and so up as two acres lead to the land of Lyulph, and so between the land of Lyulph and that of the monks to the milldam under Wartheberh and down to the monks' dyke, and so by that dyke to the seven acres, and by the stone that stands on the south side of the seven acres as far as the church field and so between the church field and the seven acres as the boundary leads to Keldes, and the land called Keldes and half the marsh of Barnestache until it comes to Withekat and the two acres of Withekat and three at Croftsnegrim; and so from the western part of Croft Snegrim as the sike descends near the meadow of Robert de Broy to the great marsh; and so across by the main sike towards the sixteen acres and the land so called, i.e. within two ancient dykes; up by the dyke at the south part of the sixteen acres as far as the king's highway, and then down by the king's highway to the other part of the sixteen acres, and so by the north part of the sixteen acres to the monks' dyke; thence to the north part of Morspot by the same dyke, to the bridge of Aculph and up to the wooden bridge and to the Sperstanrig by the same dyke, and to the monks' causeway (calceia) under Sperstanrig. They shall have also two acres at the spring of Bernulph and two acres and one perch in Kyrke toftes, and four acres in Crosrig, and one toft and a croft of one acre in the vill of Kyrkebythore, and three acres and half a perch between Trutebec and Stac, and Greater Stodeholm by its right bounds, and the other Stodeholm, for one acre, and one acre on the west side of Goldelands, and three acres in Crokelandes, and one acre between Wythecat and Crokedeland. And wherever the monks have land on either side of the marsh they shall have the whole marsh. Also common pasture for 400 sheep and 20 wethers with lambs to one year old, in common with the tenants of Kirkebythore, and as many oxen, cows and horses as they need for farming their land, for keeping up their house and carrying on their work; and for six swine and one boar with their young up to one year old. And when the monks take their beasts to markets or to the fair they shall have right of way; also wood, turf and peat, etc. in common with the tenantry of Kyrkebythore. The grants of Lyulph and of Thomas L'Estrange (extraneus) and of Arnald and Fulco as set forth in their charters are hereby confirmed. All this the donor and Adam his son warrant free of multure fees, cornage and forinsec service. [Chancellor Prescott, remarking that Machell gives this charter with witnesses (Wetherhal, 317n) dates it 1179.]
158. (C. p. 128; D. art. 81).—Adam f. Waldeve de Kyrkebythore confirms [no. 157]. Witnesses [from H. 2]—W. de Stotevill, etc. [The witness was sheriff of Cumberland 1198 and of Westmorland 1200–1202 and died in 1203 (C. & W. Trans., N.S. xiii, 38). Date c. 1200.]
159. (C. p. 128; D. art. 81).—Waldeve f. Gamell confirms the grant of his son Alan of one toft near that held by Thomas l'Estrange (extraneus) and any other grants by his freemen in Kyrkebithore. Witnesses—Warin the priest, etc. [late 12 century.]
160. (C. p. 128; D. art. 81).—Waldeve f. Gamell f. Welp, with consent of Adam his heir, quitclaims to Holmcoltran all rights in Sperstanerig, from the stone on the bank of the dyke above Trebrigge to the stone near the two thorns; across to the thorn at the upper head of the tarn (terne) up the sike to the graystone at the lower part of Ruccokes; across to the great wide graystone on Sperstanerig; across to the gill between Sperstanerig and Castellerig; up by that gill to the beck on the upper head of Sperstanerig; down that beck to the monks' dyke under Wartheberh, and thence down by the dyke to the stone above Trebrigge near the two thorns. [Whelp is said to have built Whelp Castle from the ruins of the Roman fort at Kirkbythore in the first half of the 12th century. Waldeve dates c. 1179.]
161. (C. p. 129; D. art. 81).—Laurence f. Robert the seneschal [of Appleby castle], de Neubiginge, grants to Holm abbey all Sperstanerig [as no. 160, and of the same date].
162. (C. p. 130; D. art. 81).—Robert de Broy and Amabilis his wife grant to Holm abbey all their rights in Sperstanerig. Witnesses [from H. 2)—Thomas f. Cospatric [therefore before 1201.]
163. (C. p. 130; D. art. 81).—Liolph f. Liolph de Kirkebythore, with consent of Adam his heir and his friends, grants 8½ acres in the tofts of Kirkebythore, i.e. in Witetoftes, in Bernestake and between Sandewath and Fullebrigge, as far as the main sike; and where there is no sike, as far as the middle of the marsh; and as much of the moor as belongs to him between Fullebrigge and Aculfetoftes [before no. 157 of 1179].
164. (C. p. 131; D. art. 81).—Robert de Broy and Amabilis his wife, with consent of their heirs and their lord, Robert de Bereford [Barford], grant to Holm abbey 16 acres in Kirkbythore and the marsh at the head thereof, i.e. between Soureby [Temple Sowerby] and the 16 acres the monks hold towards Soureby, given by Waldeve de Kyrkebithore. [Robert de Barford dates in P.R. 1202. This charter is rather later than no. 157 of 1179.]
165. (C. p. 131; D. art. 81).—John de Veteri Ponte confirms to fee farm to the abbot, etc. of Holm one ploughed field (cultura) called Castelrig containing 35½ acres, which they have already for a term from his father and himself; rent, one mark in silver a year for all services. [John de Veteripont was hereditary sheriff of Westmorland 1228–42.]
166. (C. p. 132; D. art. 81).—John de Veteri Ponte grants to Holm abbey pasture for 400 sheep, 20 wethers and lambs to one year old, in common with the tenantry of Kirkebythore as usual, and as many oxen, cows and horses as they need to keep up the land of Hale; and for six swine and one boar with their pigs to one year old; also right of way across the pasture of Kirkebythore to markets and fairs, and whins (brueria), peat and turves in common with the tenantry, and all that Waldeve f. Gamell's charter gave them. [Hale Grange is one mile north of Kirkbythore; 1228–42.]
167. (C. p. 132; D. art. 81).—Laurence f. Robert the seneschal, de Neubigging, grants to Holmcoltran his share of the marsh between the monks and him, within the dyke made by the monks with his consent between Neubigging and them. Also common pasture for 360 sheep, 20 cows, one bull and 30 oxen in the field of Neubigging. [Date as no. 161.]
168. (C. p. 133; D. art. 81).—Adam f. Waldeve de Kyrkebythore grants to Holm abbey 5 acres arable in Kyrkebythore, i.e. two on the west of the howes (houes) between the king's highway and the road to Soureby, one beneath the same howes, one beneath Wartheberh near the church land, and one on the cartroad from Bothinton [for which H. 1 reads ' Bothelton,' i.e. Bolton. Date c. 1200?]
169. (C. p. 133; D. art. 81).—Adam f. Waldeve de Kyrkebythore confirms to Holmcoltran the gift of Alan his brother, i.e. eight acres and half the marsh, etc. [as in no. 182] and the grants of Liulph and others. [c. 1200 or earlier.]
170. (C. p. 134; D. art. 81).—Liulph f. Liulph quitclaims to Holm abbey all rights in Sperstanerig, etc. given by his lord Waldeve f. Gamell, within and without the monks' dykes, i.e. by bounds named in Waldeve's charter [no. 157]; and seven acres given him by his lord Waldeve between Traneby mire (mira) and Langrig .
171. (C. p. 134; D. art. 81).—Thomas l'Estrange (extraneus) grants to Holm abbey three acres arable in the north part of Crofsnegrime [i.e. the croft of Snegrim, a Norse name resembling Snækoll and meaning Snow-cap or Snow-hood. Date 1179 or earlier.]
172. (C. p. 134; D. art 81).—Adam f. Liulph grants to Holm abbey all the land which he had in the field called Morlandes in Kyrkebythore towards Soureby, by these bounds:—as the king's highway from Carlisle [i.e. the Roman road] comes from Soureby towards Appelby, as far as the outer land which Hugh the forester held in Kyrkbythore towards Soureby; thence as the bounds between the monks and Hugh reach to Westker [c. 1200].
173. (C. p. 135; D. art. 81).—Adam f. Liulph de Kyrkebythore, with consent of his lord, Adam f. Waldeve, grants to Holm abbey three acres arable of his demesne, with meadow adjacent, in Kyrkebythore, i.e. on Wartheberh near the monks' land on the east [c. 1200].
174. (C. p. 135; D. art. 81).—Amabilis, daughter of Waldeve de Bereford, and her heirs, with consent of their lord, Robert de Bereford, quitclaim to Holm all rights in the land held by the monks within their dyke and other bounds in Kyrkebythore as granted by Waldeve f. Gamell, i.e. a quarter of Morspot, a quarter of the land between the two dykes towards Soureby, and a quarter of the great marsh around Toftes and around Morspot, and the marsh that surrounds their houses within their dykes; for all of which Sir Waldeve f. Gamell has given her and her heirs other lands at her choice in exchange. Also all the land belonging to her and her heirs at Maydengathe [i.e. Maiden gate or the Maiden Way, running north from a point near Kirkbythore on the west] as far as the monks' houses; and two acres which are at the head of that land towards the west, for which she has received an exchange from the monks themselves; and all claim in Sperstanerig. Moreover she grants 16 acres in Kyrkebythore and the marsh at the heads thereof, i.e. between Soureby and the 16 acres which the monks hold towards Soureby by gift of Sir Waldeve f. Gamell [c. 1179].
174 a. (H. 1 and 2; D. art. 81).—Idonea de Layburn, widow, quitclaims to Holm her rights in the waste land of Kirkebithore between le Morsflat and le Maidingate, from the end of that ploughed field (cultura) called Little Castelrigge, up by the road called Maidengate towards the mountains to a certain sike on the moor; across on the north to le Staynraises, and so round Morflat to Haregile, and so up to Little Castlerigge. Witnesses— Sir Michael de Hartecla, John de Helton, Henry de Warthecop, etc. Dated at Merton, Thursday after St. Ambrose, bishop [April 4?], 22 Edward f. Henry .
174 b. (H. 2).—Idonea de Leyburn, daughter of Sir Roger de Veteri Ponte, widow, grants to fee farm to the abbot, etc. of Holm, at Easter 1291, all the ploughed field (cultura) of Castelrigg for 20 years for a sum of money given. If any part is lost through war or seising into the king's hands, the abbey can keep it as much longer as will make up for the loss .
175. (C. pp. 136, 137; D. art. 81).—Robert de Broy, with leave of his lord, Robert f. Waldeve de Bereford, quitclaims to Holm abbey all rights in land held by the monks from Sir Waldeve f. Gamell within their dykes at Kyrkebythore, i.e. a quarter of Morspot, a quarter of the land between two dykes towards Soureby, and a quarter of the great marsh around Toftes and Morspot, and the marsh round their houses [after no. 157 of 1179].
176. (C. p. 137; D. art. 81).—Agreement between the monks of Holm and Robert de Broy. The monks have given Robert three acres in the two Stodeholmes near Trutebeck, 2½ acres in Kyrketoftes and two acres in Bernolf[k]eld [H. 2 reads Bernolvekeld] in exchange for all the land which belonged to Robert de Broy from Maydengate to the houses of the monks, and for two acres at the head of that land towards the west. [See no. 174; after 1179].
177. (C. p. 137; D. art. 81).—Gilbert f. Arnald de Kyrkebythore quitclaims to Holm abbey all rights in Kyrkebythore. [See no. 183; c. 1200].
178. (C. p. 137; D. art. 81).—Robert de Bereford confirms to Holm abbey all grants of Robert [de Broy] and his wife Amabilis in Kyrkebythore [1179–1200].
179. (C. p. 138; D. art. 81).—Liulph f. Liulph confirms to Holm abbey eight acres in Kyrkebythore and marsh at the heads thereof, between the field of Soureby and the 16 acres held by the monks in Kyrkebythore towards Soureby, given by Waldeve f. Gamell [c. 1179].
180. (C. p. 138; D. art. 81).—Robert de Bereford confirms to Holm abbey the grant of Robert de Broy and his wife Amabilis, i.e. sixteen acres and the marsh at their heads in Kyrkebythore towards Soureby [1179–1200].
181. (C. p. 138; D. art. 81).—Alan f. Waldeve f. Gamell grants to Holm abbey one toft and a croft of one acre in Kyrkebythore, near the toft held by Thomas l'Estrange (extraneus). [See no. 159; late 12th century.]
182. (C. p. 139; D. art. 81).—Alan f. Waldeve de Kyrkebythore, with consent of his lord and brother Adam, grants to Holm abbey eight acres in Kyrkebythore, and half the marsh at the head thereof, i.e. near the three acres towards Soureby [or as H. 1 and 2 read, 'next the king's highway which comes from Soureby'; [before 1203].
183. (C. p. 139; D. art. 81).—Arnald de Kyrkebythore grants to Holm abbey two acres in Sandflath, of which one reaches to the king's highway and the other to the road to Soureby [before no. 157; 1179]. (H. 2 adds) And we have a quitclaim from Gilbert f. Arnald relating to the same [i.e. no. 177; c. 1200].
184. (C. p. 139; D. art. 81).—Fulk and Amesia his wife grant to Holm abbey two acres under Wartheberh in exchange for two acres in Crosserig and Kelkes [Kelkhouse? Before no. 157, 1179].
185. (C. pp. 139, 140; D. art. 81).—Gillebert f. Adam de Kyrkebythore confirms to Holm all gifts made by Waldeve his grandfather and Adam his father. He has sworn that the grant shall be observed. [Chancellor Prescott (Wetherhal, 366) dates this by no. 189 to 1247.]
186. (C. p. 140; D. art. 81).—Gilbert de Engayn [H. 1 and 2 omit the 'de'] de Kyrkebythore and his wife Eva quitclaim to Holm all rights in a third part of the multure of the grange of Hale in Kyrkebytore. They have sworn upon the gospels that no claim shall be made.
187. (C. p. 140; D. art. 81).—Gilbert f. Adam de Kyrkebythore has bound himself by oath to warrant to Holm abbey all the grants of his grandfather Waldeve at the grange of Hale in Kyrkebythore, and especially the great marsh between the 15 [H. 1 reads 16] acres and Crofsnegrim by the right bounds named in Waldeve's charter and perambulated before Gilbert de Kyrketon, sheriff of Westmorland [1242–3], Sir Adam de Hoyton, Ysaac de Torpeneu [parson of Torpenhow from 1231], etc. [1242–3].
188. (C. p. 141; D. art. 81).—Adam f. Hugh de Soureby, Warin de Prato, William f. Adam f. Liulph, Thomas de Neubiging and Thomas f. William f. Liulph quitclaim to Holm abbey all rights in the great marsh at Kyrkebythore granted by Waldeve f. Gamell, by the boundary perambulated before Gilbert de Kyrketon, sheriff of Appelby [1242–3], Sir Adam de Hoyton and Ysaac de Torpeneu [1242–43].
189. (C. p. 142; D. art. 81).—Gilbert f. Adam de Kyrkebythore confirms to Holm ten acres on Wartheberh between the land of Thomas f. Robert de Broy on the north, and on the south three acres given to the monks by Adam f. Liulph de Kyrkebythore, also on Wartheberh. If any difficulty arise about any part of this grant, the monks are to have some other part of his demesne in Kyrkebythore. Dated 1247.
190. (C. p. 142; D. art. 81).—Agreement between Holm abbey and the church of St. Michael of Kyrkebytore. The abbot and monks are to render the tenth sheaf to the church, for all their lands in the parish. Witnesses [from H. 2]—P. de Ros, archdeacon of Carlisle, custos of the bishopric, etc. Dated 1194. [This was during the vacancy of the see of Carlisle from 1156, when bishop Athelwold died, to 1204, the appointment of bishop Bernard; see Prescott, Wetherhal, Appendix D.]
[In the Carlisle MS. the next page has the note:—"11th October, 1695. Machell cl[erk] v. Sandford and others. Then this booke was produced to Mr. Willm. Nicholson att the time of his examinac'on and deposed unto before us. Willm. Atkinson, Tho. Crosby, Tho. Webster, Tho. Fisher." Two blank pages follow, and on p. 146 is a Latin note in Bishop Nicolson's hand to the effect that the beginning of the charter continued on p. 147 is to be found on p. 202; that is to say, the displacement of the leaves by rebinding had already occurred. In the next charter, no. 191, we put the disjoined pages together.]