The Register: Bromfield (continued)

Pages 83-85

Register and Records of Holm Cultram. Originally published by T Wilson & Son, Kendal, 1929.

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Bromfield (continued).

249. (C. pp. 205, 206).—Final Concord in the king's court at Carlisle on the morrow of the Nativity of the Blessed Mary [Sept. 8th], 11 Henry f. John [1227], before Roger Bertram, Brian f. Alan, Simon de Hal, William de York, justices itinerant, and others, between Michael, parson of Brumfeld, plaintiff, and Henry de Brumfeld, tenent, concerning 60 acres in Brumfeld. An assize was summoned between them in that court to find whether that land was a free alms belonging to Michael's church in Brunfeld or a secular fee of Henry's. Henry recognized half the aforesaid land with appurtenances as the right of Michael and his church of Brumfeld, namely that half which lies nearer the south; and he conceded to Michael and his church the capital messuage and 2½ acres of land with the court (curia) and other appurtenances, namely the 2 acres lying within (sub) the court of the aforesaid messuage towards the east, and the half-acre lying within (sub) the cemetery towards the north, as belonging to the said church of Brunfeld, in exchange for which Michael had granted to Henry 2½ acres of other land in the same vill,'lying in the crofts of Alan Bulling, William f. Waldef and Robert f. John. For this recognition Michael quitclaims all rights in the other moiety. Note also that Walter Mauclerc, bishop of Carlisle, and Robert, abbot of York and patron of the church, were present at this court and agreed to the settlement. [1227. As Canon James Wilson has pointed out, the Curia of Bromfield was the medieval garth of the manor-house; it is now known as St. Mungo's Castle, and can be seen behind the vicarage.]

250. (C. p. 206).—Inquisition before Sir John de Vallibus, Sir William de Saham, Sir John de Metingham and Master Thomas de Sodington, justices itinerant, at Carlisle, in form of a great assize between Thomas Gunnays, rector of Brunfeld, querent, and Alan de Brunfeld, the abbot of Holm, Adam de Crokedayke and Thomas de Langerig, defendants. On the jury were Alan de Orton, Robert de Mulcaster, Robert de Feritate, Ranulph de Daker, John de Terriby, Thomas de Derwentwater, and Patrick de Ulvesby, knights; Robert de Wyterig, Adam de Alaynby, Walter de Bampton, Robert de Crogelyne and Peter Dayncurt; who said by Ranulph de Daker that the land of Brumfeld was not free alms to the church of Brumfeld but a secular fee belonging to Alan and the other defendants.

The jury considered whether 14 acres of land and 7 of meadow with appurtenances in Brumfeld were free alms belonging to Brumfeld church, of which Thomas de Gunnays was parson, or a secular fee of the abbot of Holmcoltran. Thomas by his attorney said that Thomas de Yreby, his predecessor in the rectory, had alienated this tenement in the time of the peace under King John. The abbot appeared in person and said that he did not hold the meadow in severalty but in common with Thomas de Langerig; if the jury found that he held it in severalty, it was his secular fee and not free alms belonging to Brumfeld church. The attorney of Thomas [Gunnays] asked leave to withdraw the plea, which was allowed.

The same jury enquired whether the 40 acres of land and 3 of pasture were free alms to Brumfeld church. Thomas de Gunnays by attorney said that Thomas de Ireby, late parson, held them as the right of his church in the time of King John, but after his death one Adam Ademet occupied them, alienated from the church. Alan said that he did not hold all the tenement, but that one Agnes de Brumfeld still held one acre and was in possession when he took out his writ on October 13th, 6th year of the king [Edward I, 1278]. If the jury found that he was sole owner of these tenements they were not free alms to Brumfeld church but his secular fee. The attorney of Thomas asked leave to withdraw, which was allowed. [1278.]