The Barrington Papers, Vol. 77. Originally published by Navy Record Society, London, 1937.
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Letters - 1757
I arrived here yesterday with the remains of the Norwich's People that were able to come, and which the Tenders could not stow. I was obliged to leave some at the Hospital at Chatham so bad that they were not capable of going with me, but I hope when they recover, their Lordships will be so good as to indulge me with them.
There are two or three of the Achilles's People (that were
not able to go with the rest to the Norwich) at the Hospital
here. I should therefore be glad to have their Lordships'
directions how they are to be disposed of: whether they
are to be sent to the Norwich when they recover, or to remain
in the Achilles. . . .
I am, &c.,
Mr. I'Anson, (fn. 1) second lieutenant of His Majesty's Ship under my command, being ordered to hold a Rendezvous at the Horse and Groom in Lambeth Marsh, and his presence at the Ship being necessary, I beg you will move their Lordships for an Order for breaking it up, and repairing to the Ship.
I am, &c.,
Lord Harry Powlett being directed to send Sixty Land Men from His Majesty's Ship Princess Royal in a Tender to Harwich in order to serve as part of your complement, you are hereby required and directed to receive and enter them accordingly; and then to proceed with the Ship you command forthwith to Plymouth, where you are to receive on board the Vanguard's Men that are ordered to be discharged into the America and bring them to the Downs where you are to remain for further Orders. Given under our hands the 9th of May 1757.
The Lords of the Admiralty having ordered me to cause the first Ship bound to Spithead to carry thither a Detachment of two Lieutenants and eighty Men which Colonel Durore at Plymouth is directed by the Secretary at War to hold in readiness to embark; You are hereby required and directed to receive them on board His Majesty's Ship under your command accordingly, and carry them to Spithead, when you proceed thither, victualling them at the usual allowance while they continue with you. Dated on board the Duke in Hamoze 23 July 1757.
The Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty having observed that not only the general purport of their Orders, but frequently particular parts thereof, have been inserted in the News Papers, the preventing of which is of the utmost importance to His Majesty's Service,
You are therefore hereby required and directed, whenever you receive any Orders or Directions either from the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty or any other your Commanding Officer, to keep the same as secret as possible, and to make them known to those only who are to execute them; and you are likewise to enjoin any Officer or others to whom you may give any Orders or Directions, that they do not disclose or discover the same on any account, unless the nature of the Service shall require it, and then to do it with proper caution.
You are hereby required and directed immediately to proceed with His Majesty's Ship under your command to Portland Road, and having convoyed from thence to the Needles His Majesty's Ship the Southampton, You are then to cruize between Portland and Beachy Head six days and then return to Spithead.
You are hereby required and directed to put yourself under the command of Sir Edward Hawke, Admiral of the Blue Squadron of His Majesty's Fleet, and follow his Orders for your further proceedings. Given under our hands the 5th August 1757.
You are hereby directed and required to demand from the Agent to the Commissioners for Sick and Wounded Seamen at Hazlar one hundred and ten pounds of portable broth, putting it to the charge of the Purser of His Majesty's Ship under your command as a Store, directing him to keep it in a place which the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty have ordered to be fitted up in the Bread Room for that purpose, and to issue it to the Sick only, by demands to be made from time to time by the Surgeon, certified by your attestation, and to account to the Commissioners for Sick and Wounded Seamen for the expence thereof, producing such demands from the Surgeon as vouchers for it, and making affidavit that he only issued the Broth in that manner, and the Surgeon likewise making Oath that he never made such demands but for the use of the Sick.
You are likewise to direct the Surgeon to make very nice and particular Observations on the effects of it on the Sick, more especially those aflicted with the Scurvy, and report to them at the end of every cruize their opinion of its efficacy and utility. For which this shall be your Order.
When I would speak with the Captain of any of His Majesty's Ships or Vessels undermentioned, I will put abroad a Pendant as against that Ship or Vessel's name; if for a Lieutenant, the same Signal and a Weft with the Ensign; and for a Boat without an Officer the Weft will be hoisted only half Staff up.
When the Admiral goes into Port, he will make the Signal for the Ships to spread in a Line of Battle one Ship ahead of another, at a distance of ½ a mile; which distance each ship is to be very careful exactly to observe; and the Frigates at such a distance as to avoid any confusion.
You are hereby required and directed, as soon as the Land Forces are landed, to use the utmost dispatch in landing the detachments of Soldiers and Marines borne as part of your Ship's Complement or otherwise, with their accoutrements, two days' provisions at whole allowance ready dressed, and four days undressed, directing your Purser to take a proper receipt from the Commanding Officer of each detachment, for the same. For which this shall be your Order.
As it is more than probable that the disembarkation will only be opposed by Militia, which may easily be dispersed, it is earnestly recommended to all the Marines and Soldiers when directed to attack, to march up vigorously, preserving their Fire until they come very near, so as to do certain execution, and whenever the General orders, that they run in with their Bayonets.
As soon as the Troops shall be possessed of a Post on shore, and the Chief Engineer marked out an entrenchment to secure the Prisoners, heavy Artillery, Powder, and other necessities for the Army, that then all the Tents, Blankets, Watchcoats, Knapsacks, remainder of the entrenching tools, spare Ammunition, provisions, scaling Ladders and Petards, be immediately brought on shore, also the Fascines and Gabions from the Tyloe Tender.
You are hereby required to put yourself under the command of Vice-Admiral Knowles, and follow his directions for your further proceedings. For which this shall be your Order. (fn. 2) Given under my hand on board His Majesty's Ship Ramillies at sea this 21st September 1757.
You are hereby required and directed to put yourself under the command of the Honble Captain Byron of His Majesty's Ship America, and follow his directions for your further proceedings. For which this shall be your Order. Given under my hand on board His Majesty's Ship Ramillies in Basque Road this 23rd September 1757.
You are hereby required and directed to put yourself under the command of the Honble Captain Keppel of His Majesty's Ship Torbay, and follow his Orders for your further proceedings. For which this shall be your Order. Given under my hand on board His Majesty's Ship Ramillies at sea this 1st October 1757.
|America||Achilles||Dunkirk||—||Main Top Mast Head|
|Tartar||Coventry||Escort||—||Fore Top Mast Head|
|4||America||Hon. Capt. Byron||60||420|
|4||Achilles||Hon. Capt. Barrington||60||420|
If I should find it necessary to change the Torbay's
Station in the Line of Battle with the Dunkirk, I will make
the Signal for speaking with the Captain and hoist a yellow
Flag at the Mizen Topmast Head.
You are hereby required and directed to send a Midshipman and two good Seamen (such as you can trust) on board an English Ship retaken by His Majesty's Ship Lancaster, for which this shall be your Order.
Captain Barrington is desired to give his Midshipman (fn. 3) an order to command the Ship and direct him in case of separation to make the best of his way to Plymouth and deliver her into the hands of Mr Digory Tonkins.
|To the Hon. Capt. Barrington, Commander of His Majesty's Ship Achilles.||
When I would speak with any of the Captains of His Majesty's Ships undermentioned, I will cause a Pendant to be put abroad as opposite to that Ship's name; if with a Lieutenant, the same Signal and a Weft with the Ensign; if for a Boat without an Officer, the Weft but half Staff up.
|Union||Dunkirk||. . .||Foretopmast head|
|Rate.||Ships' Names.||Captains' Names.||No. of Guns.||No. of Men.|
|3||Sterling Castle||— Cornish||64||480|
|To chace to the||NE a St George's Flag||in the Mizen Shrouds.|
|NW a Dutch Ensign|
|SE a French do|
|SW a Blue do|
A Tender or Cutter is appointed to carry off the fresh Meat for such Ships as shall be at Spithead twice a week, vizt Mondays and Tuesdays, who will hoist a blue Flag at the Maintopmast head, when every Ship is to send her Boat for their respective proportions.
|NE an English Jack||Maintopgallant Mast Head.|
|NW a French do|
|SE a Dutch do|
|SW a Dutch do:||if ahead of me, Mizentopmast head.|
|if astern of me, Foretopgallant Mast head.|
In case of separation by bad weather or any other unavoidable accident, the place of Rendezvous is eighty leagues North West from Cape Finisterre; and when you are in that Station, you do not see me or Sir Edward Hawke, you are immediately to proceed into the latitude of 40° 30' North one hundred leagues to the westward of Cape Finisterre, where you are to cruise till you join Sir Edward Hawke or myself.
Monsieur De Kersaing sailed from S. Mary for Cape Francois 20 August at the last of which places the Trade was to rendezvous from Martinico and the ports of San Domingo, and to proceed for France about the latter end of October under the following Convoy:
Intrepide (74), Opiniate (64), Greenwich (50), Sceptre (74, but 36 mounted; has on board a great quantity of Indigo &c), flute L'Outarde (24), and two frigates (each 30), and the Achille, Indiaman (of 54).
In case of meeting, the Ships to windward shall haul up their Foresail, and lower the Foretopsail and clew up the Mizentopsail; the Ships to leeward shall answer, with the lowering the Maintopsail and Mizentopsail. Then the Ship who made the first Signal shall hoist a Blue Ensign at the Maintopgallant mast head, and a Union Jack at the Foretopgallant mast head; the other shall answer by hoisting a St George's Ensign at the Foretopgallant mast head and a Union Jack at the Mizentopmast head.
The Ships to windward shall shew three lights in a triangle [diagram] at the Mizen Peek and two lights of equal height in the Mizen Shrouds. The other shall answer by shewing three lights in the Fore and three in the Mizen Shrouds of equal height. Then the Ship who made the Signal first shall burn three false fires and the other shall answer by burning two. If within hail, he who hails first, shall ask: What ship's that? The other shall answer: God save the King. The other shall reply: Halifax.
The answer for seeing a sail.
When the Signal is made for discovering strange Ships, I will answer at the Maintopgallant mast head with the same Flag you hoist, that I may not mistake the Quarter of the Compass you see the Sail in. Then you are to haul down yours, and hoist it again for as many Ships as you see.
Ships chacing on a particular quarter of the compass to leave off chace.
When I would have a Ship or Ships chacing to a particular Quarter of the Compass leave off chace, and join the Fleet, I will hoist the chacing Flag of that Quarter at the Foretopgallant mast head.
To prevent ships passing under English or neutral colours.
When you do not speak with them you are to make it known to the next Ship by hoisting a blue Ensign at the Mizen Peek; and in case I do not speak with her myself, or make any particular Ship's Signal to examine her, the last Ship she comes to is to do it.
If at any time when I make the Signal for Ships to leave off chace, they should find they come up with the Chace, so as to be able to speak with her and not lose company, they are to hoist a red Ensign at the Mizen Peek and fire a Gun. But if I should repeat the Signal, they are to leave off chace.
|Discovering strange Ships||NE . . one Light||one under another at the Mizen Peek|
|NW . . 2 do.|
|SE . . 3 do.|
|SW . . 4 do.|
If I would have you chace, I will burn two false Fires, and if the next Ship to you or the Stranger discovered, I will burn two false Fires more. If I should discover any Ships and give chace, I will hoist the Signal lights for the Quarter of the Compass and Fire a Gun.
The same Lights as in the above Signal and two Guns, the leading Ship to carry one Light in her Mizentopmast Shrouds, the next to her two, and so on to the Centre; the Ship next astern to me to carry one, the next to her two, and so on to the Rear.
If I should send two or more Ships to windward or to leeward to look out, when those Ships get the proper distance from me, they are desired to spread a league ahead of each other, the Senior Officer to be the headmost, the others to follow according to seniority.