The Barrington Papers, Vol. 77. Originally published by Navy Record Society, London, 1937.
This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.
Letters - 1759
You are hereby required and directed to proceed with His Majesty's Ship under your command, and the Adventure (whose Captain is directed to follow your Orders), and cruize for six weeks from one hundred and twenty to one hundred and fifty leagues to the westward of Scilly, for the protection of the Trade of His Majesty's Subjects, and the annoyance of the Enemy; at the expiration of which time, you are to return with both Ships to Plymouth and remain there till further Order.
|To the Hon. Captain Barrington, Commander of His Majesty's Ship Achilles.||Ed Boscawen. Geo. Hay. Gilbt Elliot.|
Having ordered Captain Hughes of the Tamer and Lieutenant Henshaw in the Anson Cutter to put themselves under your command, you are hereby required and directed to proceed immediately with the Ship you command and the said Frigate and Cutter off Brest, to procure as well as you can the state of the Ships of War in that Port; and if a number of them be observed there, you are to dispatch the Anson Cutter with an account of them hither, or the first port she can make in England, from whence the Lieutenant is to forward it by express to the Secretary of the Admiralty, leaving Captain Hughes in the Tamer to cruize off Brest and observe the Enemy's motions, which you are to direct him to do with his utmost vigilance, and whenever he may discover any alteration in their situation proper for the knowledge of the Lords of the Admiralty, to make the best of his way to the nearest English port, and send their Lordships an account by express, continuing only three weeks at sea, and then return into Plymouth Sound for further Order. But if no Ships should be seen in Brest Water, and you gain no intelligence of any being ready or almost equipped for the sea, in the Harbour or Road, you are to return hither both the Frigate and Cutter immediately.
So soon as you have dispatched to the Lords of the Admiralty the necessary information, you are to make the best of your way with the Ship you command to cruize on the Station prescribed by their Lordships' Order, which you will herewith receive; and in case you should not be able to look into Brest in less than six days after you put to sea, you are at the end of that time also to proceed to your Station, leaving directions as aforesaid with Captain Hughes.
|To the Hon. Captain Barrington (fn. 1) of His Majesty's Ship Achilles.||H. Harrison.|
When I would speak with the Captains of any of His Majesty's Ships or Vessels undermentioned, I will put abroad a Pendant as against that Ship or Vessel's name; If with a Lieutenant, the same Signal and a Weft with the Ensign; And for a Boat without an Officer, the Weft will be hoisted only half Weft [sic] up.
When I hoist a Dutch Ensign at the Mizen Top Gallant Mast head, you are immediately to put yourself under the command of Captain Hughes of His Majesty's Sloop Tamer, and follow me no longer. For all other Signals I refer you to Lord Anson's Signals. Dated on board His Majesty's Ship Achilles 14th July 1759.
You are hereby required and directed to take upon you the charge and command of the Kingston, a retaken Brigantine by His Majesty's Ship under my command, and forthwith to proceed with her to Plymouth, and deliver her into the care of Mr John Lloyd, Clerk of the Survey there; When he has no further service for you on board, you are to acquaint Admiral Harrison that you have three Men, belonging to the Kingston, which you are to send on board of her, and to desire that he will be so good as to let you remain on board the Duke until my arrival at Plymouth.
|To Mr Leonard Thickpenny, hereby appointed to take charge and command of the retaken Brigantine Kingston.||S. B.|
|NE is a French Jack||at the Mizen Peek|
|SE||French Jack||at the Ensign Staff|
|To the NE is a red Flag||In the Mizen Shrounds|
|NW is a Flag half blue, half white|
|SE is a yellow Flag|
|SW is a Flag half red, half white|
To chace on any quarter of the compass (though you see nothing.).; Upon discovering strange ships.
When I would (though I see nothing) have you chace on any Quarter of the Compass to look out, I will in addition to the Signal for the chacing on such Quarter, hoist an English Jack in the Mizentopmast Shrouds, then you are to chace as far as Signals may be discovered; and in case you see one or more Ships you are to hoist a Dutch Flag at the Maintopgallant mast head, and point to the Ship or Ships so seen, which I will answer by hoisting and lowering mine as often as you do. Then you are to chace unless I make the Signal for calling of you in.
To go right ahead at such distance as plainly to discover signals.; To keep at the same distance right astern.
When I would have you go right ahead of me and keep at such a distance as plainly to discover Signals, I will hoist a Flag with a blue Field and a red Fly, at the Foretopmast head, and make the Signal for speaking with the Captain; and if to keep the same distance right astern of me, I will hoist a yellow Flag at the Mizentopmast head.
To tack when in chace.
If in chacing upon a wind and I would have you to tack, I will put abroad the Pendant for speaking with you, and hoist a red and white checquered Flag at the Foretopgallant mast head, if you are before the Windsor's beam; and if abaft it, I will hoist the same Signal at the Mizentopmast head; and fire a Gun, if the Signal should not be observed immediately.
If an enemy of superior force.
If you discover the Chace to be an Enemy, you are to give me notice by hoisting a Dutch Ensign at the Mizen Peek and fire two Guns; and if you believe you shall be able to come up with her without losing company, you shall then hoist a Dutch Ensign at the Mizentopmast head and fire two Guns; and in case you should discover your Chace to be of superior force to yourself, or more in number than I am acquainted with, you will then hoist a white Flag at the Maintopgallant mast head and fire Guns, till I answer by firing one Gun.
If in chacing an enemy I should not take notice of your signal.
If at any time in chacing you discover your Chace to be an Enemy and I shall not take notice of your Signal in that case directed, you are to make the Signal for seeing a Fleet, provided the Chace is of superior force to yourself.
To give over chace.
When I would have you give over chace, I will hoist a white Flag at the Maintopgallant mast head; and when I would have the Ship on any Quarter of the Cornpass come to me, I will hoist the Signal Flag for Chacing on such Quarter of the Compass at the same place.
To come within hail.
If at any time I should have occasion to speak with you and would have you pass for that purpose within hail under the Windsor's stern and not send a Boat on board, I will put abroad the Pendant for speaking with you and hoist a Flag quartered white and blue at the Mizen Peek.
To come to a closer engagement.
If at any time while we are engaged with the Enemy, I should judge it necessary to come to a closer engagement, I will hoist a white and blue Flag at the Foretopgallant mast head and fire a Gun. Then you are to engage the Enemy as close as possible.
To keep upon the starboard beam so as plainly to discover signals.
When I would have you keep upon the starboard beam of the Windsor, at such a distance as plainly to discover Signals, I will make the Signal for speaking with you, and hoist a Flag checquered red and white, on the Ensign Staff; and if I would have you keep at the same distance upon the larboard beam, I will hoist a white Flag pierced with blue, at the Mizen Peek.
Falling in with a number of the enemy's merchant ships.
In case of falling in with a number of the Enemy's Merchant Ships, and you think you shall lose too much time by stopping to send a Boat on board those you first come up with, you are only to make them haul up their sails, as soon as they have struck, and to hoist a white Flag at the Mizentopmast head as a Signal that you have not sent your Boat on board of them, which the Ship astern of you is to answer by hoisting the same Signal at the Foretopgallant mast head, and is to take possession of the Prizes so left by you.
|NE||one Light||at the Mizen Peek|
|NW||two Lights||one under the other at the Mizen Pee|
Which when I answer by hoisting one Light on the Ensign Staff, you are to burn as many false fires as you see strange Ships; after which if I would have you chace, I will burn two false fires. And if I myself should discover any strange Ship or Ships and give chace, I will hoist the Signal Lights to shew on what Quarter of the Compass and fire a Gun.
To know each other coming up with the enemy.
For our better knowing each other coming up with or engaging the Enemy, every Ship is to carry two Lights of equal height at the Mizen Peek, and the headmost one in each Quarter Lanthorn; but the Lights shall only be carried while she keeps sight of the Chace.
In a Fog
To alter the course when sailing large.
When sailing large or before a wind and I shall find it necessary to alter the course, if to starboard I will fire three Guns, if to port five; and five minutes after, a Gun each minute for so many Points as shall be altered from the course before steered; so that if only one Gun is fired, one Point only is altered of the course either to starboard or to port.
To pay away large.
When sailing upon a wind and I shall find it necessary to pay away large, I will fire seven Guns, and five minutes after a Gun each minute for so many Points of the Compass as I shall go from the wind.
To wear sailing on a wind.
When sailing upon a wind and I would have you wear, I will fire three Guns, when the sternmost and leewardmost is to wear as fast as possible after the Signal is made, and continue the same sail they had on the other Tack.
When I am lying too in a fog, and I should think it necessary to wear and lay too on the other Tack, I will fire three Guns; and as soon as I am wore and brought too on the other Tack, I will fire three Guns more; both firings will be to windward.
You are hereby required and directed to take upon you the charge and command of Le Comte de St. Florentin, a French Ship of War, taken by His Majesty's Ship under my command, and follow all Orders you shall receive from me for your further proceedings.
|To Mr William Osborn, 1st Lieutenant of His Majesty's Ship Achilles hereby appointed to take charge and command of Le Comte de St. Florentin.||S. B.|
I have the pleasure to acquaint you of my arrival here, with the Count de St. Florentin of sixty Guns and four hundred and three Men, from Cape Francois bound for Rochfort, commanded by the Sieur de Montay, whom I took on the fourth instant in Lat. 44. 15, sixty leagues to the westward of Cape Finisterre, after a close engagement of two hours, in which I was so fortunate as only to have two Men killed and twenty-three wounded, with my Masts, Sails and Rigging much cut and damaged.
The loss on the Enemy's side was very considerable, having all his Masts shot away, with one hundred and sixteen Men killed and wounded, amongst the latter the Captain with a Musquet Ball through his Body, of which he died two days after.
Please to acquaint their Lordships that there is on board the Count de St. Florentin lately taken by His Majesty's Ship under my command a Negro, the son of old King Lewis of Mesurada, upon the Coast of Africa, who being on board the Ship when there in a gale of wind, they were drove from thence, and had never after an opportunity of sending him back again. I have not sent him on shore with the other Prisoners, but keep him on board until I have their Lordships' Directions what I am to do with him.
I am &c.
You are hereby required and directed to put yourself under the command of Sir Edward Hawke, Admiral of the Blue, and follow his Orders for your farther proceedings; and as soon as the Ship you command is ready for the sea, you are to proceed without a moment's loss of time to Torbay to join Sir Edward, unless you receive Orders from him to the contrary.
Given (fn. 2) under our hands the 15th May 1759.
|The Hon. Captain Barrington, Commander of His Majesty's Ship Achilles at Plymouth.||Anson. Geo. Hay. J. Forbes.|
You are hereby required and directed to put yourself under the command of George Bridges Rodney, Esq., RearAdmiral of the Blue, and follow his Orders (fn. 3) for your further proceedings.
|The Hon. Captain Barrington, Commander of His Majesty's Ship Achilles at Spithead.||Anson. Gilbt. Elliot. J. Forbes.|
You are hereby required and directed to bear me and my Retinue as part of the Complement of His Majesty's Ship under your command. Given under my hand on board His Majesty's Ship Achilles at Spithead 20th June 1759.
You are hereby required and directed to receive Colonel Desaguliers and Captain Smith (being Officers belonging to the Artillery) with their Retinue as per margin, (fn. 4) on board His Majesty's Ship under your command, and bear them on a Supernumerary List for victuals only during their continuance on board you.
You are hereby required and directed with all dispatch possible to demand and receive on board His Majesty's Ship under your command, one flat bottom Boat with everything necessary for her. (fn. 5)
Mr Robert Simonton (fn. 6) and Mr George Farmer (fn. 7) belonging to His Majesty's Ship under your command, the former being appointed 6th Lieutenant of the Duke and the latter 2nd Lieutenant of the Aurora, you are hereby required and directed to make out proper Pay Lists for them and transmit them, without loss of time, to the Navy Board.
Whereas there is on board His Majesty's Ship under your command a quantity of Red, White and Blue Pendants, each with Crosses, and being in want of plain ones, you are hereby required and directed to order as many of them to be converted (by taking out the Crosses) as will make two plain ones of each colour.
You are hereby required and directed to keep His Majesty's Ship under your command in constant readiness for action, and your Boats manned and armed with [? fire] (fn. 8) grapnels in them, who when any of the Bombs being attacked or an appearance of it, are immediately to go to their assistance.
You are hereby required and directed to lend from His Majesty's Ship under your command, six good, able, sober Men belonging to the Gunner's Crew, to assist in working the Mortars on board the Basilisk Bomb.
You are hereby required and directed to use the utmost dispatch in completing the Provisions and Water of His Majesty's Ship under your command to ten or twelve weeks, and then proceed to sea, in company with the Juno, whose Captain is directed to follow your Orders, and endeavour to join Admiral Sir Edward Hawke, whose Rendezvous and Signals are enclosed, and follow his Orders for your further proceedings. Given under our hands this 10 July 1759.
Sir Edward Hawke's Rendezvous
The Rendezvous is eight leagues W.S.W. from Ushant where they are to cruize for me eight days; and not meeting or hearing from me during that time, to return to Torbay for further Orders.
A Copy—J. Clevland.
In case of meeting, the Ship to windward shall haul up her foresail and clew up the mizentopsail, the Ship to leeward shall answer by lowering the maintopsail and mizentopsail; Then the Ship who first made the Signal shall hoist a Blue Ensign at the main topgallant masthead and an Union Jack at the fore topgallant masthead; The other shall answer by hoisting a St George's Ensign at the foretopgallant masthead and an Union Jack at the mizentopmast head.
The Ship to windward shall shew three lights in a triangle thus [diagram] at the mizen peek and two lights of equal heights in the mizen shrouds; The other shall answer by shewing three lights in the fore and three in the mizen shrouds of equal height; Then the Ship which made the first Signal shall burn three false fires and the other shall answer by burning two.
If within hail, he who hails first shall ask: What Ship's
that ? And he who is hailed shall answer: God save the
King. Then he who hailed first shall reply: Great Britain.
The other shall answer: God protect.
A copy—J. Clevland.
In pursuance to an Order from the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, you are hereby required and directed to put yourself under my command and follow all such Orders as you shall receive from me for His Majesty's Service.
|NE is a||French Jack||at the Mizen Peek|
|NW " "||Dutch Jack|
|SE " "||French Jack||at the Ensign Staff|
|SW " "||Dutch Jack|
You are hereby required and directed to put yourself under my command and strictly follow and obey all such Orders and Directions as you shall from time to time receive from me for His Majesty's Service; sending me twice a week when in port, and by every proper opportunity when at sea, an account of the state and condition of His Majesty's Ship under your command. For which this shall be your order. (fn. 9)
N.B. When the Hero shall return to the Squadron, she is to lead with the Larboard Tacks on board in room of the Torbay. The Torbay is to fall in between the Dorsetshire and Ramillies, the Monmouth between the Magnanime and Dunkirk, and the Windsor to fall in between the Fame and Bienfaisant; and in that case the Commanders of these three Ships are to put themselves under the command of the Admirals of the respective Division accordingly.
If upon seeing an Enemy, I should think it necessary to alter the disposition of the Ships in the Line of Battle, and would have any two Ships change stations with each other; I will make the Signals for speaking with the Captains of such Ships, and hoist a Flag checquered red and blue on the Flagstaff at the Mizentopmast head.
If any Ship in chace should discover the Chace to be a Dogger, Galliot, Hoy or any other small Vessel belonging to Neutral Powers, they are not to chace so far from the Fleet as to run any hazard of separation.
When sailing in a Line of Battle, one Ship ahead of another, and I would have the Ship that leads with her Starboard or Larboard Tacks on board to alter her course in order to lead down to the Enemy; I will hoist a Dutch Jack under my Flag at the Maintopgallant mast head and fire two Guns; Then every Ship of the Squadron is to steer for the Ship of the Enemy, that from the disposition of the two Squadrons must be her lot to engage.
Notwithstanding I shall keep the Signal for the Line ahead flying making or shortening sail in such proportion as to preserve the distance assigned by the Signal for the Line, in order that the whole Squadron as near as possible may come to action at the same time.
Whereas it may be necessary for Ships in a Line of Battle to regulate themselves by bearing on some particular Point of the Compass from each other, without having any regard to their being abreast or ahead of one another;
When the Signal is made for the Squadron to draw into a Line of Battle, at any particular distance, and I would have them keep North and South of each other, I will hoist a red Flag with a white Cross on the Flagstaff at the Mizentopmast head and fire a Gun.
When I would have them bear from each other on any points in the NE and SW quarters, I will hoist a red Flag with a white Cross in the Mizentopmast Shrouds to shew the Quarters of the Compass, and for the intermediate Points I will hoist on the Flagstaff at the Mizentopmast head when they are to bear
|N b E||and S b W||one Common Pendant|
|NNE||and SSW||two Common Pendants|
|NE b N||and SW b S||three Common Pendants|
|NE||and SW||a Dutch Jack|
|NE b E||and SW b W||one Common Pendant|
|ENE||and WSW||two Common Pendants|
|E b N||and W b S||three Common Pendants|
When I would have them bear from each other on any of the Points in the NW and SE Quarters, I will hoist a blue and white Flag in the Mizentopmast Shrouds, to shew the Quarters of the Compass, and distinguish the intermediate Points they are to form on, from the North and South, in the same manner in the North East and South West Quarters.
When the Squadron shall be sailing in a Line of Battle ahead, and I shall put abroad the Signal for the headmost and weathermost Ships to tack first, and the Ship that leads to continue to lead on the other Tack after she shall be about; It is my directions that as soon as the headmost Ships in stays, shall have hauled Maintopsail, and the next Ship to her got her stern open, she also shall put in stays; and that every Ship in the Squadron do observe the same method, according to their several stations in the line, in order to preserve the distance assigned by the Signal that shall be flying.
Whereas many and great inconveniences may arise from every particular Ship in the Squadron strictly preserving her situation in the Line, either immediately at the beginning of, or during an Action, in cases where the whole of the Enemy's Ships shall not be in a direct, or strict Line, or their Van, Centre or Rear shall alter the position they were first in; You are to observe, that as soon as I shall have led on the Squadron, so as to be within the distance I shall think proper to engage at, the moment I hoist the Signal for Engaging, I will haul down the Signal for the Line; When you are hereby required to continue engaging the Ship of the Enemy that shall be immediately opposed to you, in such close manner, according to her position, as will best enable you to take, sink or destroy her; in either of which if you succeed, you are to go to the assistance of the next of the King's Ships engaged ahead or astern of you, as you shall judge most necessary; on the whole having a particular regard to the 21st Article of the General Printed Fighting Instructions.
Directions for the Reception of H.R.H. Prince Edward (fn. 10) when he shall arrive in the Hero.
The Hero, after having made the Signal for knowing each other will hoist an Union Jack at the Maintopgallant mast head and fire a Gun, when (in case the Squadron should not be already formed by Signal) every Ship is to close as fast as possible in their respective Stations, then hoist out the Barge, and each Captain to repair on board the Admiral's Ship of his Division.
Soon after the Hero shall have brought too, which I have directed her to do at a mile's distance, either to windward or leeward as she shall happen to fall in, I will hoist a Flag striped blue and white at the Foretopgallant mast head, when I will put off from the Ramillies followed, according to seniority, by the Captains of my Division, the ViceAdmiral followed in like manner by his Division on my starboard quarter, and the Rear-Admiral by his on my larboard quarter, every Commander leaving directions to man Ship, as soon as a Dutch Jack shall be hoisted at the Foretopgallant mast head of the Hero.
Captain Young of the Mars to lead in his Barge, taking a sweep either to windward or leeward of the Squadron as most convenient, so as to give every Ship an opportunity to cheer His Royal Highness as he passes.
In going on board the Ramillies, I shall take a large sweep in order to give the Vice- and Rear-Admirals and all the Captains (if possible) time to enter on the opposite side, in order to be ready to receive His Royal Highness at his coming on board.
Pursuant to an order (fn. 11) you will receive herewith from Sir Edward Hawke, Knight of the Bath, Admiral of the Blue, &c.
You are hereby required and directed to follow such orders as you shall receive from me. For all Signals you are referred to those you have received from Sir Edward Hawke which shall be made on board the Monmouth when necessary.
When in the night I would have the Boats to come on board me manned and armed, I will hoist three lights of equal height where best to be seen; And if Long Boats also, one light at some distance over those three lights.
As the Montague is returned to the Fleet, I would have the Achilles take the Montague's Station and the Colchester the Achilles's, in those Instructions for sailing in for Conquet Harbour; and where the Juno's name is, the Coventry's to be put.
Memorandum (fn. 12)
Whenever I stand in for Conquet Harbour with the Signal for the Line flying, the Achilles is to follow the Monmouth, and the Dunkirk to follow the Achilles at as reasonable a distance as shall (from the situation of the place) be judged necessary for the Ships to work in: And to place themselves as near the Forts as the Pilots possibly can with safety in the following manner:
When I make the Signal for Boats manned and armed, two Boats with an Officer are to go from each Ship on board the Coventry, and to keep the others ready manned and armed alongside, taking care to have some materials in them for setting fire to the Shipping; and to receive Captain Burselem's orders.
Whenever the Monmouth hoists a yellow Pendant at the Foretopmast head, not the Flagstaff, the Boats are to put off from the Coventry and other Ships, and endeavour to cut out or destroy the Enemy's Shipping that shall lay at the entrance of Conquet Harbour. Every Officer to be strictly enjoined that when they have boarded the Enemy's Ships, they are to set fire to them effectually, if they find they cannot speedily get them out, and to return to the Coventry or their proper Ships, as they can best reach either; but should a white Pendant be let fly at the Mizentopgallant Flagstaff, the Boats are to return immediately.
Addition to Lord Anson's Fighting Instructions
given out the 28 May last
If when sailing in a Line of Battle on any particular point of the Compass, I should think proper to alter my Course, I will make my intention known by the following Signals, viz:
If I would alter my Course to starboard, I will hoist a Spanish Flag on the Flagstaff at the Topmasthead and fire a Gun; If to port, I will hoist a Flag striped blue and white at the same place and fire a Gun. And after this Signal has been repeated, I will fire one Gun for every point of the Compass that I alter my Course; Then every Ship in the Line is to alter his Course immediately without waiting for the number of Guns being repeated.
Line of Battle (fn. 13)
The Mars to lead with the starboard, and the Hero with the larboard Tacks on board.
Having received orders, the first convenient opportunity off St Mathew's Point, to proclaim in the face of the Enemy the late glorious Victory obtained by His Majesty's Arms under the command of His Highness Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick, over the Army of the French King commanded by Marshal Contades;
You are hereby required and directed, when I shall hoist a blue Flag with a red Cross, at the Foretopgallant mast head, to fire twenty-one Guns from His Majesty's Ship under your command, beginning as soon as the second Gun shall be fired from the Rear-Admiral. For which this shall be your Order.
Whenever I make the Signal for all Lieutenants in the night, and at the same time hoist a light at the Mizen Peek, every Officer is to come on board me, in his Ship's Barge, manned and armed.
(P.R.O., Ad. I, 92) By Sir Edward Hawke, (fn. 14) K.B.
Whereas the destroying all or part of the Enemy's Frigates and Transports in the river Morbian is of the utmost consequence, and it has been represented to me, that there are on board the King's Ship Achilles two Frenchmen, in whose honesty Captain Barrington can confide, who have undertaken to carry Frigates as far up in Vannes and Aurey, as where the Enemy's Transports lie.
You are hereby required and directed to take under your command His Majesty's Ship Achilles, and by every practicable means in your power, with the Ships, Frigates and Fireships under your orders, attempt the destruction of the Enemy's Frigates and Transports in the abovementioned Rivers. For which this shall be your order.
In addition to the General Printed Sailing and Fighting Instructions, you are hereby required and directed to observe and follow the Additional Signals and Instructions given you by Sir Edward Hawke when made from the Rochester.
|To the Hon. Captain Barrington of His Majesty's Ship Achilles.||Robt. Duff. (fn. 15)|
Collibrean, one of the Pilots that came in the Achilles, was examined, and declares himself ignorant of the Channel into Morbian; and that Jacque Renault, in coming through the Toignouze passage, asked him often for the marks through the said passage, who replied he would readily tell him, if he knew them.
Jacque Renault, Captain Barrington's Pilot, being likewise examined, declares he cannot pilot any of His Majesty's Ships farther up the river Aurry than opposite to St Michael, which is four miles from where the Vessels loaded with provisions lay. And that he cannot carry any of His Majesty's Ships farther than within two leagues, from where the Transports lay in the river Vannes.
Then the question was put: Whether Jacque Renault, Captain Barrington's Pilot, after what appears above, and his having run the Achilles on the Gouivas Rock, when he had declared himself acquainted with the Toignouze passage, and voluntarily took charge of the ship through that passage, ought to be trusted with the piloting His Majesty's Ships into the Rivers Vannes and Aurry, to destroy the Enemy's Frigates and Transports lying there.
It is with very great concern I acquaint you how much reason Captain Barrington has to be sorry for having placed so much confidence in the two Frenchmen he recommended to you as qualified to pilot His Majesty's Ships up the rivers Vannes and Aurry to where the enemy's Frigates and Transports lie.
About ten o'clock in the forenoon on the 11th inst. the Achilles, in coming through the passage of the Toignouze in charge of those pilots, ran upon the Gouivas Rock and received so much damage that, as she lies at anchor, she makes twelve foot water in an hour.
The damage the Achilles has received making it necessary to send her immediately to England, and judging it very hazardous to let the Achilles go to sea without other ships in company, I have ordered the Actœon and Gibraltar to proceed with her, which I hope you will approve of.
|I have the honour to be, &c.||Robert Duff.|
On board the Rochester
in Quiberon Bay,
October 18th, 1759.
Whereas the damage His Majesty's Ship Achilles, under your command, received on the nth instant by running upon the Gouivas Rock, makes it necessary to send her to England, and it being hazardous to let her go to sea without Ships in company.
You are hereby required and directed to proceed forthwith to the first port you can fetch in England, taking with you His Majesty's Ships Actœon and Gibraltar, whose Captains have my directions to follow your Orders.
Whereas His Majesty's Ship Achilles under my command is in a very leaky condition, in case it should increase so as to be thought necessary to quit the Ship for the preservation of the People's lives, I will make the following Signals:
Whereas, (fn. 16) upon our observing the frequent delays in the proceedings of His Majesty's Ships for want of Pilots, we directed the Navy Board to consider of methods proper to be taken to supply His Majesty's Ships with Pilots in a more regular and certain way; and the said Board having reported their opinion that the number of Pilots, on the whole, is not equal to the demand of the present Public Service, occasioned in a great measure, by the practice of employing two Pilots on board His Majesty's Ships on services which formerly used to be performed by one only; and as this is an abuse which not only occasions an unnecessary expence, but may be otherwise attended with very bad consequences; You are hereby required and directed never to take more than one Pilot on board His Majesty's Ship or Vessel under your command, unless any particular service you shall be employed upon, shall be of such nature as to render it absolutely necessary for you to have more.
And the Navy Board having represented (as a hardship the Pilots are liable to) the frequent irregularities they find in the Certificates which the Captains of His Majesty's Ships give them, either by not expressing whether they did any actual service, or only attended on board their Ships; whether the Ships were in port or at sea, during the time they had them on board; where the Ships were employed, and whether as Convoys or Cruizers or on what service, so that much time is often spent before they can have proper explanations to enable them to rate their services; and during which time the Pilots are not only kept out of their pay, but are also frequently detained on an expensive attendance in waiting for it, and lose the opportunity of being otherwise employed; And having proposed, in order to prevent such hardships for the future, that the following forms of Pilots' Certificates may be given by the Commanders of His Majesty's Ships and Vessels, according to the different circumstances for which Pilots are used, to wit:
These are to certify the Principal Officers and Commissioners of His Majesty's Navy, That . . . Pilot Extra, took charge of His Majesty's Ship the . . . under my command on the . . . at . . . from whence he safely piloted her as undermentioned:
For Cruizing Service. On a cruize to . . . (as the service shall happen to be) and was this day discharged at . . .; and I further certify that the service was performed by him in conjunction with . . . another Pilot (if there should be more than one employed) or without the assistance of another Pilot (if the case be so). Given under my hand &c.
For Convoys or Trips. With Convoy to . . . (as the service shall happen to be) and was this day discharged at . . .; and I further certify that the said service was performed by him without the assistance of any other Pilot (if the case be so; or if another was employed, his Name and the reason of employing him to be mentioned). Given under my hand &c.
|To the Hon. Captain Barrington, Commander of His Majesty's Ship Achilles.||Anson. G. Hay. Gilb. Elliot.|
I have received yours of the 29th past and beg leave to acquaint you that upon my arrival here I immediately, by Commodore Hanway's desire, gave him in writing the particulars of the accident that has befallen my Ship, which he told me he should send express, and where I particularly mentioned that the Ship was, through the ignorance of the Pilot, run upon the Guavas Rock, and which likewise appears in the Council of War held upon the Rochester.
Upon hearing that there was not a Pilot in the Quiberon
Squadron that would carry a Ship into Morbihan, where
I understood the French Frigates and Transports then lay,
I asked my Pilot, who is a Frenchman (whom Captain
Hervey got out of Prison at Plymouth) if he was acquainted
there. His answer was, that he was better acquainted
there, as likewise all the Coast of France, as far as Bordeaux,
than he was in the Bay of Brest, where he had been my
Pilot constantly for three months, and from his diligence,
care and knowledge, I could not but entertain a good
opinion of him. I immediately acquainted Captain Hervey
of my Pilot's having undertaken, voluntarily and without
Fee or Reward, to carry the Achilles into Morbihan, and
that he had informed me that there was a Prisoner on board
that would take charge of another Ship after me. He
immediately ordered me to Sir Edward Hawke, to whom
(upon my joining) I carried my Pilot. He seemed greatly
to approve of him, having first asked me if I could confide
in him, to which I replied, he had been my Pilot in the
Bay of Brest for three months, where he had never deceived
me, and that I had the greatest reason from thence to confide, both in his honesty and knowledge; and I think I
could not give Sir Edward a greater proof of the opinion
I had of him, than by desiring he would let me go upon this
service, which he readily complied with, and offered the
Pilot a considerable Reward, if he carried us safe in. I had
no sooner parted from the Admiral, than I sent for the
Prisoner, whom my Pilot informed me would take charge
of another Ship; but whether through fear or ignorance,
I will not pretend to say, he declared himself quite unacquainted, nor could I ever get any other answer from him.
I am, &c.
These are to certify the Principal Officers and Commissioners of His Majesty's Navy that Jacque Renault, Pilot Extra (belonging to His Majesty's Ship Monmouth) took charge of His Majesty's Ship Achilles under my command in the Bay of Brest the 24th July 1759, where he continued piloting her with great care between the Seams and Ushant, Douarnenez Bay, off St Matthews Point, Cameret Bay and Berthaume, until the 7th October, when he undertook to carry me through the Toignouze Passage on the nth following, but struck on the Gouivois Rock where the Ship received considerable damage; from which time to the date hereof, he had been on board, but has not since had any charge of the Ship.
You are hereby required and directed to discharge me, my Secretary and Retinue, from His Majesty's Ship under your command into His Majesty's Ship Unicorn from the date hereof, and transmit proper Pay List to Commissioner Hughes for the time of their servitude on board you.
It being of very great importance to the King's Service that the Ship you command be speedily equipped for thethat the Ship you command be speedily equipped for the sea, you are to use your utmost diligence in getting her ready accordingly, letting me know when you are not timely furnished with any supply for that purpose, that I may give the necessary directions thereon.
Whereas from intelligence we have received, there is reason to apprehend that Monsr. Thurot, with a Squadron of 5 Sail of the Enemy's Frigates and a Cutter or two, having some Land Forces on board, may be designed for the West Coast of Ireland: And whereas we intend that His Majesty's Ships named in the margin, (fn. 17) shall proceed to protect that Coast from his attempts, and to endeavour to intercept his Squadron: And we having ordered the Brilliant and Lowestoft to proceed and cruize off Cape Clear till you join them: You are hereby required and directed to take the Nottingham, Vestal and Tamer under your command, and make the utmost dispatch in getting to sea with the Achilles and those three Ships, and proceed off Cape Clear where you are to take the Brilliant and Lowestoft under your command also.
Upon your arrival off Cape Clear, you are to send on shore to Crook Haven, and forward from thence by express to His Grace the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland at Dublin, an account of your arrival and how you intend to proceed.
You are then (after being joined by the Brilliant and Lowestoft) to range along the West Coast of Ireland, as far to the northward as the latitude 55° 00', in quest of the Enemy's aforesaid Squadron, using all means in your power to gain intelligence of them, and exerting your utmost endeavours to come up with them, and to take or destroy them. If you shall not meet with or receive any intelligence of them by the time you reach the latitude 55, you are to range back to Cape Clear, and send on shore to Crook Haven, as well to dispatch accounts to us, and to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, of your proceedings, and to enquire for any Pacquets that may be lodged there for you.
You are then (if you find no directions to the contrary) to range again to the latitude of 55, and back to Cape Clear, and continue to proceed in the like manner for the space of one month after your first arrival off that Cape (unless you shall sooner meet with the Enemy's Squadron, or proceed after them upon good intelligence), and then to make the best of your way with the Ships under your command to Plymouth.
You are not only to correspond with us and His Grace the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, whenever you get off Cape Clear, but you are also to make use of every other opportunity of sending, both to us and His Grace, constant accounts of your proceedings and intentions, and of all intelligence you shall obtain: And while you shall remain on this service you are to pursue such measures as His Grace may think proper to advise.
|To the Hon. Capt. Barrington, Commander of His Majesty's Ship Achilles at Plymouth.||Anson.||E. Boscawen.||Gilb: Elliot|
Line of Battle (fn. 18)
The Juno to lead with the starboard, and the Lowestoft with the larboard Tacks on board.
|Juno (fn. 19)||Capt. Phillips||Hon. Capt. Samuel Barrington|
|Tamer||4||Achilles||Hon. Capt. Barrington||60||420|
|Alarm Cutter||4||Nottingham||Capt. Lendrick||60||400|
If I would have any two Ships in the Line of Battle change stations with each other, I will hoist a Flag striped Red, White and Blue, at the Mizen Topmast head, and make the Signal for speaking with the Captains of the Ships I would have change.
For our better knowing each other, in coming up with or engaging the Enemy, every Ship is to carry two Lights of equal height at the Mizen Peek, and the headmost one in her Stern Lanthorn, but the Lights shall only be carried while she keeps sight of the Chace.
I beg you will acquaint my Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty that, as it would be impossible for me to carry on the service I am employed on without Pilots, I thought it necessary to put into this Port, where I am just arrived with His Majesty's Ships Achilles, Nottingham and Tamer, and have sent express to Mr Foxworthy, the Clerk of the Checque at Kinsale, to send me seven of the best Pilots that can be procured for the West Coast.
I have left the Alarm Cutter off Cape Clear to order the Brilliant and Lowestoft in to me; but should the Pilots arrive here before those Ships off the Cape, I will then take the first opportunity of going out and cruizing there for them. However if I should receive any certain Intelligence of the Enemy's being on the Coast, I will proceed after them with the force I already have, which I hope their Lordships will approve of.
I have sent an express to His Grace the Duke of Bedford
to acquaint him with my arrival and Orders, and that I
proposed ranging the Coast along to the Northward, looking
into all the places the Pilots will carry me to, or where I
have the least suspicion of the Enemy being. (fn. 20)
I am &c.